Search results for 'Self-knowledge, Theory of History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Shadi Bartsch (2006). The Mirror of the Self: Sexuality, Self-Knowledge, and the Gaze in the Early Roman Empire. University of Chicago Press.score: 1584.0
    People in the ancient world thought of vision as both an ethical tool and a tactile sense, akin to touch. Gazing upon someone—or oneself—was treated as a path to philosophical self-knowledge, but the question of tactility introduced an erotic element as well. In The Mirror of the Self , Shadi Bartsch asserts that these links among vision, sexuality, and self-knowledge are key to the classical understanding of the self. Weaving together literary theory, philosophy, and social history, Bartsch traces (...)
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  2. Peter Carruthers (2011). The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge. OUP Oxford.score: 1190.4
    It is widely believed that people have privileged and authoritative access to their own thoughts, and many theories have been proposed to explain this supposed fact. The Opacity of Mind challenges the consensus view and subjects the theories in question to critical scrutiny, while showing that they are not protected against the findings of cognitive science by belonging to a separate 'explanatory space'. The book argues that our access to our own thoughts is almost always interpretive, grounded in perceptual awareness (...)
     
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  3. Lydia Schumacher (2011). Divine Illumination: The History and Future of Augustine's Theory of Knowledge. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 1041.6
    Takes an original approach to reading Augustine's theory of divine illumination and shows how the theory was transformed and reinterpreted in medieval ...
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  4. H. A. E. Zwart (forthcoming). From Playfulness and Self-Centredness Via Grand Expectations to Normalisation: A Psychoanalytical Rereading of the History of Molecular Genetics. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-14.score: 972.0
    In this paper, I will reread the history of molecular genetics from a psychoanalytical angle, analysing it as a case history. Building on the developmental theories of Freud and his followers, I will distinguish four stages, namely: (1) oedipal childhood, notably the epoch of model building (1943–1953); (2) the latency period, with a focus on the development of basic skills (1953–1989); (3) adolescence, exemplified by the Human Genome Project, with its fierce conflicts, great expectations and grandiose claims (1989–2003) (...)
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  5. Thomas Sturm (2014). 'Kant Our Contemporary'? Kitcher on the Fruitfulness of Kant's Theory of the Cognitive Subject. Kantian Review 19 (1):135-141.score: 936.0
    In chapter 15 of Kant's Thinker, Patricia Kitcher claims that we can treat Kant as , and that his theory of apperception new. I question this with respect to two of her four chosen topics. First, I address her attempt to show that Kant's theory of apperceptive self-knowledge is immune to sceptical doubts of the sort Barry Stroud presents. Second, I turn to her argument that this theory is superior to current accounts of the special authority of (...)
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  6. Peter Becker & William Clark (eds.) (2001). Little Tools of Knowledge: Historical Essays on Academic and Bureaucratic Practices. University of Michigan Press.score: 930.0
    This volume brings historians of science and social historians together to consider the role of "little tools"--such as tables, reports, questionnaires, dossiers, index cards--in establishing academic and bureaucratic claims to authority and objectivity. From at least the eighteenth century onward, our science and society have been planned, surveyed, examined, and judged according to particular techniques of collecting and storing knowledge. Recently, the seemingly self-evident nature of these mundane epistemic and administrative tools, as well as the prose in which they are (...)
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  7. F. Töpfer & U. Wiesing (2005). The Medical Theory of Richard Koch II: Natural Philosophy and History. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):323-334.score: 924.0
    Richard Koch1 became known in the 1920s with works on basic medical theory. Among these publications, the character of medical action and its status within the theory of science was presented as the most important theme. While science is inherently driven by the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake, medicine pursues the practical purpose of helping the sick. Therefore, medicine must be seen as an active relationship between a helping and a suffering person. While elucidating this relationship, (...)
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  8. Tillmann Vierkant (2012). Self Knowledge and Knowing Other Minds: The Implicit / Explicit Distinction as a Tool in Understanding Theory of Mind. British Journal of Developmental Psychology 30 (1):141-155.score: 799.2
    Holding content explicitly requires a form of self knowledge. But what does the relevant self knowledge look like? Using theory of mind as an example, this paper argues that the correct answer to this question will have to take into account the crucial role of language based deliberation, but warns against the standard assumption that explicitness is necessary for ascribing awareness. It argues in line with Bayne that intentional action is at least an equally valid criterion for awareness. This (...)
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  9. Donald Gotterbarn (1974). A Note on Locke's Theory of Self-Knowledge. Journal of the History of Philosophy 12 (2):239-242.score: 798.0
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  10. Norman Gulley (1962/1986). Plato's Theory of Knowledge. Greenwood Press.score: 794.4
    CHAPTER I The Theory of Recollection I. SOCRATIC DOCTRINE IN THE EARLY DIALOGUES In Plato's early dialogues one of the most characteristic and at the same ...
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  11. James A. T. Lancaster (2012). Natural Knowledge as a Propaedeutic to Self-Betterment Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Natural History. Early Science and Medicine 17 (1-2):181-196.score: 792.0
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  12. Maria Serban (forthcoming). The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge. :1-5.score: 787.2
    The Opacity of Mind: An Integrative Theory of Self-Knowledge. . ???aop.label???. doi: 10.1080/09515089.2013.791747.
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  13. Ann Hartle (1996). Self-Knowledge in the Age of Theory. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 787.2
    Self-Knowledge in the Age of Theory will be of great interest not only to philosophers but to scholars of literature and other humanities.
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  14. Walter Arnold Kaufmann (1980/1991). Discovering the Mind. Transaction Publishers.score: 780.0
    v. 1. Goethe, Kant, and Hegel -- v.2. Nietzsche, Heideger, and Buber -- v. 3. Freud, Adler, and Jung.
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  15. Wilfried Kühn (2009). Quel Savoir Après le Scepticisme: Plotin Et Ses Prédécesseurs Sur la Connaissance de Soi. Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin.score: 780.0
    "Les uns sont fascinâes par la hardiesse et la constance de sa pensâee, les autres la rejettent au motif que sa mâetaphysique est extravagante et son raisonnement obscur.
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  16. Markus Steinmayr (2006). Menschenwissen: Zur Poetik des Religiösen Menschen Im 17. Und 18. Jahrhundert. M. Niemeyer.score: 780.0
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  17. Markus Steinmayr (2006). Menschenwissen: Zur Poetik des Religiösen Menschen Im 17. M. Niemeyer.score: 780.0
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  18. Patrick Baert (1998). Foucault's History of the Present as Self-Referential Knowledge Acquisition. Philosophy and Social Criticism 24 (6):111-126.score: 772.8
    Underlying this article is the conviction that social scientists typically take on board a too restrictive concept of knowledge acquisition. The paper propounds a new concept of knowledge acquisition, one which is self-referential (i.e. which affects one's presuppositions) and which draws upon the unfamiliar to reveal and undercut the familiar. The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it is to show that this concept of knowledge acqui sition is already anticipated by Foucault, that it is a major concern of (...)
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  19. Terence Ball (1980). Dangerous Knowledge? The Self-Subversion of Social Deviance Theory. Inquiry 23 (4):377 – 395.score: 772.8
    Some sociological theories yield self-subverting or 'dangerous' knowledge. The functionalist theory of social deviance provides a case in point. The theory, first formulated by Durkheim, maintains that ostensibly anti-social deviants perform a number of socially indispensable functions. But what would happen if everyone knew this? They would cease to regard deviants as malefactors and would indeed come to esteem them as public benefactors. In that case, however, deviants could no longer perform their proper function. If they are to (...)
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  20. Brie Gertler (2011). Self-Knowledge. Routledge.score: 758.4
    The problem of self-knowledge is one of the most fascinating in all of philosophy and has crucial significance for the philosophy of mind and epistemology. Gertler assesses the leading theoretical approaches to self-knowledge, explaining the work of many of the key figures in the field: from Descartes and Kant, through to Bertrand Russell and Gareth Evans, as well as recent work by Tyler Burge, David Chalmers, William Lycan and Sydney Shoemaker. -/- Beginning with an outline of the distinction between self-knowledge (...)
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  21. John R. Shook (2000). Dewey's Empirical Theory of Knowledge and Reality. Vanderbilt University Press.score: 753.6
    While previous studies of Dewey's work have taken either a historical or topical focus, Shook offers an innovative, organic approach to understanding Dewey and eloquently shows that Dewey's instrumentalism grew seamlessly out of his idealism. He argues that most current scholarship operates under a mistaken impression of Dewey's early philosophical positions.
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  22. Christopher B. Kulp (1992). The End of Epistemology: Dewey and His Current Allies on the Spectator Theory of Knowledge. Greenwood Press.score: 741.6
  23. Śaṅkarācārya (2012). Self Knowledge: Adi Shankaracharya's 68 Verse Treatise on the Philosophy of Nondualism: The Absolute Oneness of Ultimate Reality. New Age Books.score: 741.6
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  24. Śaṅkarācārya (1946). Self-Knowledge (Ātmabodha): An English Translation of Śankarāchārya's Ātmabodha with Notes, Comments, and Introduction. Ramakrishna-Vivekananda Center.score: 741.6
     
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  25. David Castillejo (1967/1968). A Theory of Shifting Relationships in Knowledge as Seen in Medieval and Modern Times. [London.score: 741.6
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  26. Constantine Cavarnos (1988). A Dialogue Between Bergson, Aristotle, and Philologos: A Comparative and Critical Study of Some Aspects of Henri Bergson's Theory of Knowledge and of Reality. Institute for Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies.score: 741.6
     
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  27. Roy Eugene Davis (2012). Self Knowledge: Adi Shankaracharya's 68 Verse Treatise on the Philosophy of Nondualism: The Absolute Oneness of Ultimate Reality. New Age Books.score: 741.6
     
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  28. Garth Green (2010). The Aporia of Inner Sense: The Self-Knowledge of Reason and the Critique of Metaphysics in Kant. Brill.score: 741.6
  29. Genevieve Lloyd (1994). Part of Nature: Self-Knowledge in Spinoza's Ethics. Cornell University Press.score: 741.6
  30. Michael Novak (1965/1986). Belief and Unbelief: A Philosophy of Self-Knowledge: With a New Preface. University Press of America.score: 741.6
  31. Saṅkarācārya (1964). Self-Knowledge (Ātma-Bodha) of Śrí Śaṅkarācārya. Madras, Akhila Bharata Sankara Seva Samiti.score: 741.6
     
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  32. Marie-Luise Schubert Kalsi (1987). Meinong's Theory of Knowledge. M. Nijhoff.score: 741.6
  33. J. F. H. van Rappard (1979). Psychology as Self-Knowledge: The Development of the Concept of the Mind in German Rationalistic Psychology and its Relevance Today. Van Gorcum.score: 741.6
  34. Paul Richard Blum (2010). Michael Polanyi: The Anthropology of Intellectual History. Studies in East European Thought 62 (2):197 - 216.score: 734.4
    Scientific and political developments of the early twentieth century led Michael Polanyi to study the role of the scientist in research and the interaction between the individual scholar and the surrounding conditions in community and society. In his concept of “personal knowledge” he gave the theory and history of science an anthropological turn. In many instances of the history of sciences, research is driven by a commitment to beliefs and values. Society plays the role of authority and (...)
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  35. Gunnar Beck (1996). From Kant to Hegel—Johann Gottlieb Fichte's Theory of Self-Consciousness. History of European Ideas 22 (4):275-294.score: 729.0
    This article emphasizes Fichte's role as a central figure in the period of transition from Kantian moral universalism to Hegelian ontological collectivism and _Sittlichkeitsethik. Echoing Rousseau's insights into the sociological determinants of human consciousness and drawing on Herder's more comprehensive theory of the linguistic and cultural conditions of all human thought, Fichte, in his writings from 1796 onward, develops a radical reformulation and extension of Kant's theory of reason and self-consciousness. Fichte's theory of the origins and nature (...)
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  36. Avula Parthasarathy (1971). Atma Bodha (Knowledge of the Self) of Sri Sankaracharya. Bombay,Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.score: 727.2
     
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  37. Ian Hunter (2009). Spirituality and Philosophy in Post-Structuralist Theory. History of European Ideas 35 (1):265-275.score: 720.0
    This paper discusses the role of a particular form of philosophical spirituality in the emergence of post-structuralist theory. Initially elaborated in the post-Kantian metaphysics of Husserl and Heidegger, and focused in recondite acts of intellectual self-transformation, this form of spirituality was transposed into a literary hermeneutics that permitted its wider dissemination in the Anglo-american humanities academy. Post-structuralist theory is the result of this historical transformation.
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  38. Brie Gertler, Self-Knowledge. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 686.4
    "Self-knowledge" is commonly used in philosophy to refer to knowledge of one's particular mental states, including one's beliefs, desires, and sensations. It is also sometimes used to refer to knowledge about a persisting self -- its ontological nature, identity conditions, or character traits. At least since Descartes, most philosophers have believed that self-knowledge is importantly different from knowledge of the world external to oneself, including others' thoughts. But there is little agreement about what precisely distinguishes self-knowledge from knowledge in other (...)
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  39. Joshua Landy (2004). Philosophy as Fiction: Self, Deception, and Knowledge in Proust. Oxford University Press.score: 678.4
    Philosophy as Fiction seeks to account for the peculiar power of philosophical literature by taking as its case study the paradigmatic generic hybrid of the twentieth century, Marcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time. At once philosophical--in that it presents claims, and even deploys arguments concerning such traditionally philosophical issues as knowledge, self-deception, selfhood, love, friendship, and art--and literary, in that its situations are imaginary and its stylization inescapably prominent, Proust's novel presents us with a conundrum. How should it be (...)
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  40. Plato (1957/2003). Plato's Theory of Knowledge. Dover Publications.score: 676.8
    Translated by the noted classical scholar Francis M. Cornford, this edition of two masterpieces of Plato's later period features extensive ongoing commentaries by Cornford that provide helpful background information and valuable insights. The Theatetus offers a systematic treatment of the question, "What is knowledge?" with most of the dialogue taking place between Socrates and the student Theatetus. Among the answers they explore: knowledge as perception; knowledge as true belief; knowledge as true belief plus an account (i.e., a justified true belief); (...)
     
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  41. Charles L. Griswold (1986/1996). Self-Knowledge in Plato's Phaedrus. Pennsylvania State University Press.score: 674.4
    In this award-winning study of the Phaedrus, Charles Griswold focuses on the theme of "self-knowledge.
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  42. Anthony E. Hatzimoysis (ed.) (2008). Self-Knowledge. Oxford University Press.score: 674.4
    The essays featured in this collection seek to deepen our understanding of self-knowledge, to solve some of the genuine (and to resolve some of the spurious) ...
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  43. Robert Pasnau (1997). Theories of Cognition in the Later Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press.score: 672.0
    This book is a major contribution to the history of philosophy in the later medieval period (1250-1350). It focuses on cognitive theory, a subject of intense investigation during these years. In fact many of the issues that dominate philosophy of mind and epistemology today - intentionality, mental representation, scepticism, realism - were hotly debated in the later medieval period. The book offers a careful analysis of these debates, primarily through the work of Thomas Aquinas, John Olivi, and William (...)
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  44. Stanley B. Klein (2013). Klein and Loftus's Model of Trait Self-Knowledge: The Importance of Familiarizing Oneself with the Foundational Research Prior to Reading About its Neuropsychological Applications. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 667.2
    Klein and Loftus's model of trait self-knowledge: the importance of familiarizing oneself with the foundational research prior to reading about its neuropsychological applications.
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  45. Peter Carruthers (1996). Simulation and Self-Knowledge: A Defence of the Theory-Theory. In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge University Press. 22--38.score: 664.0
    In this chapter I attempt to curb the pretensions of simulationism. I argue that it is, at best, an epistemological doctrine of limited scope. It may explain how we go about attributing beliefs and desires to others, and perhaps to ourselves, in some cases. But simulation cannot provide the fundamental basis of our conception of, or knowledge of, minded agency.
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  46. Charles E. Larmore (2010). The Practices of the Self. The University of Chicago Press.score: 660.0
    Sartre as guide -- Bad faith and sincerity -- The example of Stendhal -- Reflection and being like another -- Being natural -- The ubiquity of convention -- Being like another -- Authenticity and the democratic age -- Mimetism and equality -- Being oneself amid conventions -- Authenticity and the nature of the self -- Foundations of a theory of cognitive reflection -- Psychological interpretation -- The structure of cognitive self-reflection -- The self in cognitive reflection -- Representing and (...)
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  47. Malcolm Ashmore (1989). The Reflexive Thesis: Wrighting Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. University of Chicago Press.score: 655.2
    This unusually innovative book treats reflexivity, not as a philosophical conundrum, but as a practical issue that arises in the course of scholarly research and argument. In order to demonstrate the concrete and consequential nature of reflexivity, Malcolm Ashmore concentrates on an area in which reflexive "problems" are acute: the sociology of scientific knowledge. At the forefront of recent radical changes in our understanding of science, this increasingly influential mode of analysis specializes in rigorous deconstructions of the research practices and (...)
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  48. Manfred Frank (2004). Fragments of a History of the Theory of Self-Consciousness From Kant to Kierkegaard. Critical Horizons 5 (1):53-136.score: 643.2
    In the development of modern philosophy self-consciousness was not generally or unanimously given important consideration. This was because philosophers such as Descartes, Kant and Fichte thought it served as the highest principle from which we can 'deduce' all propositions that rightly claimed validity. However, the Romantics thought that the consideration of self-consciousness was of the highest importance even when any claim to foundationalism was abandoned. In this respect, Hölderlin and his circle, as well as Novalis and Schleiermacher, thought that self-consciousness, (...)
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  49. Pablo Muchnik (2009). Kant's Theory of Evil: An Essay on the Dangers of Self-Love and the Aprioricity of History. Lexington Books.score: 643.2
    An Essay on Kant s Theory of Evil shows the centrality of the doctrine of radical evil within Kant's critical philosophy.
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  50. Cynthia Macdonald (2014). In My ‘Mind’s Eye’: Introspectionism, Detectivism, and the Basis of Authoritative Self-Knowledge. Synthese:1-26.score: 640.8
    It is widely accepted that knowledge of certain of one’s own mental states is authoritative in being epistemically more secure than knowledge of the mental states of others, and theories of self-knowledge have largely appealed to one or the other of two sources to explain this special epistemic status. The first, ‘detectivist’, position, appeals to an inner perception-like basis, whereas the second, ‘constitutivist’, one, appeals to the view that the special security awarded to certain self-knowledge is a conceptual matter. I (...)
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