Search results for 'Semantic Externalism' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  58
    Juhani Yli-Vakkuri, Semantic Externalism Without Thought Experiments.
    This paper presents a thought experiment-free argument for semantic externalism.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. Jussi Jylkkä, Henry Railo & Jussi Haukioja (2009). Psychological Essentialism and Semantic Externalism: Evidence for Externalism in Lay Speakers' Language Use. Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):37-60.
    Some experimental studies have recently claimed to undermine semantic externalism about natural kind terms. However, it is unclear how philosophical accounts of reference can be experimentally tested. We present two externalistic adaptations of psychological placeholder essentialism, a strict externalist and a hybrid externalist view, which are experimentally testable. We examine Braisby's et al. (1996) study which claims to undermine externalism, and argue that the study fails in its aims. We conducted two experiments, the results of which undermine (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  3. Richard Boyd (2013). Semantic Externalism and Knowing Our Own Minds: Ignoring Twin‐Earth and Doing Naturalistic Philosophy. Theoria 79 (3):204-228.
    In this article I offer a naturalistic defence of semantic externalism. I argue against the following: (1) arguments for externalism rest mainly on conceptual analysis; (2) the community conceptual norms relevant to individuation of propositional attitudes are quasi-analytic; (3) externalism raises serious questions about knowledge of propositional attitudes; and (4) externalism might be OK for “folk psychology” but not for cognitive science. The naturalist alternatives are as follows. (1) Community norms are not anything like a (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  39
    Axel Mueller (2003). Some Remarks on the Relations of Semantic Externalism and Conceptual Pluralism. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):59-82.
    This article defends the thesis that Putnam's theory of the use of empirical concepts constitutes a continuous backbone of his philosophy early and late. Thus, Putnam's theory of empirical concepts should be at least compatible with the most distinctive features of both, his realism (viz., semantic externalism) and his pragmatism (viz., conceptual pluralism). The article suggests the even stronger thesis that Putnam's theory of concepts is essential for the explanatory purposes of both. In doing so, the article proposes (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Carrie Figdor (2009). Semantic Externalism and the Mechanics of Thought. Minds and Machines 19 (1):1-24.
    I review a widely accepted argument to the conclusion that the contents of our beliefs, desires and other mental states cannot be causally efficacious in a classical computational model of the mind. I reply that this argument rests essentially on an assumption about the nature of neural structure that we have no good scientific reason to accept. I conclude that computationalism is compatible with wide semantic causal efficacy, and suggest how the computational model might be modified to accommodate this (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  6.  90
    Åsa Wikforss (2007). Semantic Externalism and Psychological Externalism. Philosophy Compass 3 (1):158-181.
    Externalism is widely endorsed within contemporary philosophy of mind and language. Despite this, it is far from clear how the externalist thesis should be construed and, indeed, why we should accept it. In this entry I distinguish and examine three central types of externalism: what I call foundational externalism, externalist semantics, and psychological externalism. I suggest that the most plausible version of externalism is not in fact a very radical thesis and does not have any (...)
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  7.  87
    J. Adam Carter, James Henry Collin & S. Orestis Palermos (forthcoming). Semantic Inferentialism as (a Form of) Active Externalism. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences.
    Within contemporary philosophy of mind, it is taken for granted that externalist accounts of meaning and mental content are, in principle, orthogonal to the matter of whether cognition itself is bound within the biological brain or whether it can constitutively include parts of the world. Accordingly, Clark and Chalmers (1998) distinguish these varieties of externalism as ‘passive’ and ‘active’ respectively. The aim here is to suggest that we should resist the received way of thinking about these dividing lines. With (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  31
    Simon Evnine (2014). Essentially Contested Concepts and Semantic Externalism. Journal of the Philosophy of History 8 (1):118-140.
    In 1956, W.B. Gallie introduced his idea of essentially contested concepts. In my paper, I offer a novel interpretation of his theory and argue that his theory, thus interpreted, is correct. The key to my interpretation lies in a condition Gallie places on essentially contested concepts that other interpreters downplay or dismiss: that the use of an essentially contested concept must be derived “from an original exemplar whose authority is acknowledged by all the contestant users of the concept.” This reveals (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  9.  84
    Andrew F. Smith (2003). Semantic Externalism, Authoritative Self-Knowledge, and Adaptation to Slow Switching. Acta Analytica 18 (30-31):71-87.
    I here argue against the viability of Peter Ludlow’s modified version of Paul Boghossian’s argument for the incompatibility of semantic externalism and authoritative self-knowledge. Ludlow contends that slow switching is not merely actual but is, moreover, prevalent; it can occur whenever we shift between localized linguistic communities. It is therefore quite possible, he maintains, that we undergo unwitting shifts in our mental content on a regular basis. However, there is good reason to accept as plausible that despite their (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  10. Jussi Haukioja (2006). Semantic Externalism and A Priori Self-Knowledge. Ratio 19 (2):149-159.
    The argument known as the 'McKinsey Recipe' tries to establish the incompatibility of semantic externalism (about natural kind concepts in particular) and _a priori _self- knowledge about thoughts and concepts by deriving from the conjunction of these theses an absurd conclusion, such as that we could know _a priori _that water exists. One reply to this argument is to distinguish two different readings of 'natural kind concept': (i) a concept which _in fact _denotes a natural kind, and (ii) (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  6
    Adam Carter, James H. Collin & Orestis Palermos (forthcoming). Semantic Inferentialism as Active Externalism. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-16.
    Within contemporary philosophy of mind, it is taken for granted that externalist accounts of meaning and mental content are, in principle, orthogonal to the matter of whether cognition itself is bound within the biological brain or whether it can constitutively include parts of the world. Accordingly, Clark and Chalmers :7–19, 1998) distinguish these varieties of externalism as ‘passive’ and ‘active’ respectively. The aim here is to suggest that we should resist the received way of thinking about these dividing lines. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  37
    Åsa Wikforss (2012). Color Terms and Semantic Externalism. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (3):399-420.
    The paper discusses whether the color terms should be given an externalist semantics. In the literature on the semantics of color terms externalism is standardly taken for granted, and Twin Earth style arguments play a central role. This is notable given that few people would claim that semantic externalism applies across the board, to all types of terms. Why, then, should the color terms belong with this group of terms? I argue that the standard externalist strategies, introduced (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. Jussi Jylkka, Henry Railo & Jussi Haukioja (2008). Psychological Essentialism and Semantic Externalism Evidence for Externalism in Lay Speakers' Language Use. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 39 (1):105-110.
    Some experimental studies have recently claimed to undermine semantic externalism about natural kind terms. However, it is unclear how philosophical accounts of reference can be experimentally tested. We present two externalistic adaptations of psychological placeholder essentialism, a strict externalist and a hybrid externalist view, which are experimentally testable. We examine Braisby’s et al. (1996) study which claims to undermine externalism, and argue that the study fails in its aims. We conducted two experiments, the results of which undermine (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  14. Jussi Jylkk (2009). Psychological Essentialism and Semantic Externalism: Evidence for Externalism in Lay Speakers' Language Use. Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):37 – 60.
    Some experimental studies have recently claimed to undermine semantic externalism about natural kind terms. However, it is unclear how philosophical accounts of reference can be experimentally tested. We present two externalistic adaptations of psychological placeholder essentialism, a strict externalist and a hybrid externalist view, which are experimentally testable. We examine Braisby, Franks, and Hampton's (1996) study which claims to undermine externalism, and argue that the study fails in its aims. We conducted two experiments, the results of which (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  56
    Daniel Lassiter (2008). Semantic Externalism, Language Variation, and Sociolinguistic Accommodation. Mind and Language 23 (5):607-633.
    Abstract: Chomsky (1986) has claimed that the prima facie incompatibility between descriptive linguistics and semantic externalism proves that an externalist semantics is impossible. Although it is true that a strong form of externalism does not cohere with descriptive linguistics, sociolinguistic theory can unify the two approaches. The resulting two-level theory reconciles descriptivism, mentalism, and externalism by construing community languages as a function of social identification. This approach allows a fresh look at names and definite descriptions while (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  16. Steven G. Crowell (2008). Phenomenological Immanence, Normativity, and Semantic Externalism. Synthese 160 (3):335 - 354.
    This paper argues that transcendental phenomenology (here represented by Edmund Husserl) can accommodate the main thesis of semantic externalism, namely, that intentional content is not simply a matter of what is ‘in the head,’ but depends on how the world is. I first introduce the semantic problem as an issue of how linguistic tokens or mental states can have ‘content’—that is, how they can set up conditions of satisfaction or be responsive to norms such that they can (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Mark Greene (2011). 'Chocolate' and Other Kind Terms: Implications for Semantic Externalism. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (243):270-292.
    How do people manage to refer to chocolate, despite knowing so little about it? Traditional semantic externalism gives a two-part answer, a negative claim that meanings are not determined inside speakers' heads, and a positive claim that meanings are fixed by external factors. This gets the semantics of ‘chocolate’ half right: the negative claim is correct, but the positive claim is not. There is nothing special about ‘chocolate’, and scientifically respectable natural-kind terms also fail to live up to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Arnold Silverberg (1998). Semantic Externalism: A Response to Chomsky. Protosociology 11.
    In this essay I respond to criticisms of semantic externalism that Noam Chomsky has presented in several recent publications. In the first section of the essay I present reasons to think that there are virtues to both semantic externalism and to semantic internalism, and that these two views are compatible. Linguistic items and intentional phenomena might have semantic content which is determined by factors external to their possessor, and also have semantic content which (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  19.  85
    Yuval Dolev (2008). Semantic Externalism and Presentism. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (4):533 – 557.
    In this paper I discuss an unconventional form of presentism which, I claim, captures better than all other versions of the doctrine the fundamental notion underpinning it, namely, the notion that 'only what is present is real'. My proposal is to take this maxim as stating, not the rather uncontroversial view that past things are not real now, but the more radical idea that they never were. This rendition of presentism is, I argue, the only one that is neither trivial (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  5
    Andrei Moldovan (2014). Carnap's External Questions and Semantic Externalism. Prolegomena 13 (2):253–268.
    What is it for an utterance of an expression to lack meaning? In this paper I address the issue along the lines of Carnap’s seminal article “Empiricism, Semantics and Ontology”. Carnap provides there an answer to the above question, which he then uses to argue that certain claims of metaphysics are meaningless. In the first section of the paper I present Carnap’s argument for the meaninglessness of certain metaphysical claims. In the second section I argue that, although the argument is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. Jesper Kallestrup (2011). Semantic Externalism. Routledge.
    Semantic externalism is the view that the meanings of referring terms, and the contents of beliefs that are expressed by those terms, are not fully determined by factors internal to the speaker but are instead bound up with the environment. The debate about semantic externalism is one of the most important but difficult topics in philosophy of mind and language, and has consequences for our understanding of the role of social institutions and the physical environment in (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. Consuelo Preti (1994). Some Consequences of Semantic Externalism. Dissertation, City University of New York
    Semantic externalism is the view that meaning and mental content are determined by relations to the world of objects and properties outside the physical boundaries of the subject of mental states. What you mean by your words--what you're thinking when you're thinking about something--is essentially constituted by the world at large. It has become customary to formulate externalism in terms of so-called twin earth cases--cases where content do not supervene on inner states, but this formulation can be (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  81
    Susana Nuccetelli (ed.) (2003). New Essays on Semantic Externalism and Self-Knowledge. MIT Press.
  24. John-Michael Kuczynski (2007). Conceptual Atomism and the Computational Theory of Mind: A Defense of Content-Internalism and Semantic Externalism. John Benjamins & Co.
    Contemporary philosophy and theoretical psychology are dominated by an acceptance of content-externalism: the view that the contents of one's mental states are constitutively, as opposed to causally, dependent on facts about the external world. In the present work, it is shown that content-externalism involves a failure to distinguish between semantics and pre-semantics---between, on the one hand, the literal meanings of expressions and, on the other hand, the information that one must exploit in order to ascertain their literal meanings. (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Helen Beebee (2002). Transfer of Warrant, Begging the Question, and Semantic Externalism. Philosophical Quarterly 51 (204):356-74.
  26.  35
    Steven Gross (2015). Descriptive Semantic Externalism. In Nick Riemer (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Semantics. 13-29.
    This chapter examines the “externalist” claim that semantics should include theorizing about representational relations among linguistic expressions and (purported) aspects of the world. After disentangling our main topic from other strands in the larger set of externalist-internalist debates, arguments both for and against this claim are discussed. It is argued, among other things, that the fortunes of this externalist claim are bound up with contentious issues concerning the semantics-pragmatics border.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  32
    Georges Rey (1992). Semantic Externalism and Conceptual Competence. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 66:315-33.
    Supplements externalist "locking" theories of content with an account of internal "conceptions" by which thoughts lock onto environmental kinds, with that aid of dthat operators, thus solving various philosophical problems.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  28. Jesper Kallestrup (2011). Semantic Externalism. Routledge.
    Descriptivism -- Referentialism -- From language to thought -- Varieties of narrow and wide content -- Self-knowledge -- Scepticism -- Mental causation.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  29.  86
    Richard Cross (2008). Some Varieties of Semantic Externalism in Duns Scotus's Cognitive Psychology. Vivarium 46 (3):275-301.
    According to Scotus, an intelligible species with universal content, inherent in the mind, is a partial cause of an occurrent cognition whose immediate object is the self-same species. I attempt to explain how Scotus defends the possibility of this causal activity. Scotus claims, generally, that forms are causes, and that inherence makes no difference to the capacity of a form to cause an effect. He illustrates this by examining a case in which an accident is an instrument of a substance (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  30. John Collins (2009). Methodology, Not Metaphysics: Against Semantic Externalism. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):53-69.
    Borg (2009) surveys and rejects a number of arguments in favour of semantic internalism. This paper, in turn, surveys and rejects all of Borg's anti-internalist arguments. My chief moral is that, properly conceived, semantic internalism is a methodological doctrine that takes its lead from current practice in linguistics. The unifying theme of internalist arguments, therefore, is that linguistics neither targets nor presupposes externalia. To the extent that this claim is correct, we should be internalists about linguistic phenomena, including (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  62
    Keith Butler (2000). Problems for Semantic Externalism and A Priori Refutations of Skeptical Arguments. Dialectica 54 (1):29-49.
    SummaryA familiar sort of argument for skepticism about the external world appeals to the evidential similarity between what is presumed to be the normal case and the case where one is a brain in a vat . An argument from Putnam has been taken by many to provide an a priori refutation of this sort of skeptical argument. The question I propose to address in this paper is whether Putnam's argument affords us an a priori refutation of skeptical arguments that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Sanford C. Goldberg (2007). Semantic Externalism and Epistemic Illusions. In Sanford Goldberg (ed.), Internalism and Externalism in Semantics and Epistemology. Oxford University Press 235--252.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  45
    Timothy Williamson (2000). Skepticism, Semantic Externalism, and Keith's Mom. Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (S1):149-158.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  1
    Jussi Jylkkä, Henry Railo & Jussi Haukioja (2009). Psychological Essentialism and Semantic Externalism: Evidence for Externalism in Lay Speakers’ Language Use. Philosophical Psychology 22 (1):37-60.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35. Sarah Sawyer, Semantic Externalism and Self Knowledge: Privileged Access to the World.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  9
    Jacques-Paul Dubucs (2006). Susana Nuccetelli (Ed.), New Essays on Semantic Externalism and Self-Knowledge. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 59 (2):366-368.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  12
    Jennifer W. Mulnix (2012). Semantic Externalism, Self-Knowledge, and Slow Switching. Synthesis Philosophica 26 (2):375-390.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  5
    James Lindemann Nelson (2010). Semantic Externalism: A Rough Sketch and a Gesture at Motivation The 1960s and 70s Saw the Development of a Picture of Reference in Which the Link Between the Speaker and the Spoken of Was Provided Not, or Not Solely, by Beliefs Entertained by the Speaker but by Causal, Historical, and Social Relationships Extending Among the Speaker and Other Members Of. [REVIEW] In Eva Feder Kittay & Licia Carlson (eds.), Cognitive Disability and its Challenge to Moral Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  3
    Peter Murphy (2006). "Review of" New Essays on Semantic Externalism and Self-Knowledge". [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 7 (1):11.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. J. Brown (2009). Semantic Externalism and Self-Knowledge. In Ansgar Beckermann & Brian P. McLaughlin (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind. Oxford University Press 767--780.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Jesper Kallestrup (2003). Privileged Acces and Two Kinds of Semantic Externalism. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 38.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Esben Nedenskov Petersen (2007). Skepticism and Transcendental Arguments From Semantic Externalism. Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 42:111-122.
  43. Georges Rey (1992). XV—Semantic Externalism and Conceptual Competence. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 92 (1):315-334.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Katalin Farkas (2006). Semantic Internalism and Externalism. In Ernest Lepore & Barry C. Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press
    Abstract: This paper introduces and analyses the doctrine of externalism about semantic content; discusses the Twin Earth argument for externalism and the assumptions behind it, and examines the question of whether externalism about content is compatible with a privileged knowledge of meanings and mental contents.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  45.  97
    Henry Jackman (1996). Semantic Norms and Temporal Externalism. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    There has frequently been taken to be a tension, if not an incompatibility, between "externalist" theories of content (which allow the make-up of one's physical environment and the linguistic usage of one's community to contribute to the contents of one's thoughts and utterances) and the "methodologically individualist" intuition that whatever contributes to the content of one's thoughts and utterances must ultimately be grounded in facts about one's own attitudes and behavior. In this dissertation I argue that one can underwrite such (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  46.  19
    Michael McKinsey (2001). The Semantic Basis of Externalism. In J. Campbell, M. O. Rourke & David Shier (eds.), Meaning and Truth. New York: Seven Bridges Press
    1. The primary evidence and motivation for externalism in the philosophy of mind is provided by the semantic facts that support direct reference theories of names, indexi- cal pronouns, and natural kind terms. But many externalists have forgotten their sem- antic roots, or so I shall contend here. I have become convinced of this by a common reaction among externalists to the main argument of my 1991 paper AAnti-Individual- ism and Privileged Access.@ In that argument, I concluded that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  47.  19
    Joseph I. Owens (2013). Semantic Comprehension, Inference and Psychological Externalism. Mind and Language 28 (2):173-203.
    The externalist examples of Burge, Putnam etc. were offered as examples of how it is physically identical twins can differ in mental states such as belief, and little attention was paid to the interpretations the twins impose on their respective acoustic inputs. The received story today is that this form of interpretation—the semantic reading one assigns the sounds one hears—is the product of inference. The problem for this inferential model is simple to state: though the twins are physical doppelgangers (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  11
    Basil Smith, Cartesian Scepticism About the External World, Semantic or Content Externalism, and the Mind.
    This thesis has three parts. In the first part, the author defends the coherence of Cartesian scepticism about the external world. In particular, the author contends that such scepticism survives attacks from Descartes himself, as well as from W.V.O. Quine, Robert Nozick, Alvin Goldman, and David Armstrong. It follows that Cartesian scepticism remains intact. In the second part of this thesis, the author contends that the semantic or content externalisms of Hilary Putnam and Tyler Burge do not refute Cartesian (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Jussi Haukioja (2009). Intuitions, Externalism, and Conceptual Analysis. Studia Philosophica Estonica 2 (2):81-93.
    Semantic externalism about a class of expressions is often thought to make conceptual analysis about members of that class impossible. In particular, since externalism about natural kind terms makes the essences of natural kinds empirically discoverable, it seems that mere reflection on one's natural kind concept will not be able to tell one anything substantial about what it is for something to fall under one's natural kind concepts. Many hold the further view that one cannot even know (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  61
    Panu Raatikainen (2010). The Semantic Realism/Anti-Realism Dispute and Knowledge of Meanings. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 5 (1):1-13.
    Here the relationship between understanding and knowledge of meaning is discussed from two different perspectives: that of Dummettian semantic anti-realism and that of the semantic externalism of Putnam and others. The question addressed is whether or not the truth of semantic externalism would undermine a central premise in one of Dummetts key arguments for anti-realism, insofar as Dummetts premise involves an assumption about the transparency of meaning and semantic externalism is often taken to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000