Search results for 'Semantic Information' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  82
    Simon D'Alfonso (2011). On Quantifying Semantic Information. Information 2 (1):61-101.
    The purpose of this paper is to look at some existing methods of semantic information quantification and suggest some alternatives. It begins with an outline of Bar-Hillel and Carnap’s theory of semantic information before going on to look at Floridi’s theory of strongly semantic information. The latter then serves to initiate an in-depth investigation into the idea of utilising the notion of truthlikeness to quantify semantic information. Firstly, a couple of approaches to (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  64
    Luciano Floridi (2004). Outline of a Theory of Strongly Semantic Information. Minds and Machines 14 (2):197-221.
    This paper outlines a quantitative theory of strongly semantic information (TSSI) based on truth-values rather than probability distributions. The main hypothesis supported in the paper is that the classic quantitative theory of weakly semantic information (TWSI), based on probability distributions, assumes that truth-values supervene on factual semantic information, yet this principle is too weak and generates a well-known semantic paradox, whereas TSSI, according to which factual semantic information encapsulates truth, can avoid (...)
    Direct download (14 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   34 citations  
  3.  57
    Luciano Floridi (2012). Semantic Information and the Network Theory of Account. Synthese 184 (3):431-454.
    The article addresses the problem of how semantic information can be upgraded to knowledge. The introductory section explains the technical terminology and the relevant background. Section 2 argues that, for semantic information to be upgraded to knowledge, it is necessary and sufficient to be embedded in a network of questions and answers that correctly accounts for it. Section 3 shows that an information flow network of type A fulfils such a requirement, by warranting that the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  4. Patrick Allo (2007). Logical Pluralism and Semantic Information. Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (6):659 - 694.
    Up to now theories of semantic information have implicitly relied on logical monism, or the view that there is one true logic. The latter position has been explicitly challenged by logical pluralists. Adopting an unbiased attitude in the philosophy of information, we take a suggestion from Beall and Restall at heart and exploit logical pluralism to recognise another kind of pluralism. The latter is called informational pluralism, a thesis whose implications for a theory of semantic (...) we explore. (shrink)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  5.  65
    Orlin Vakarelov (2010). Pre-Cognitive Semantic Information. Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (2):193-226.
    This paper addresses one of the fundamental problems of the philosophy of information: How does semantic information emerge within the underlying dynamics of the world?—the dynamical semantic information problem. It suggests that the canonical approach to semantic information that defines data before meaning and meaning before use is inadequate for pre-cognitive information media. Instead, we should follow a pragmatic approach to information where one defines the notion of information system as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  6.  98
    Gustavo Cevolani (2011). Strongly Semantic Information and Verisimilitude. Etica and Politica / Ethics and Politics (2):159-179.
    In The Philosophy of Information, Luciano Floridi presents a theory of “strongly semantic information”, based on the idea that “information encapsulates truth” (the so-called “veridicality thesis”). Starting with Popper, philosophers of science have developed different explications of the notion of verisimilitude or truthlikeness, construed as a combination of truth and information. Thus, the theory of strongly semantic information and the theory of verisimilitude are intimately tied. Yet, with few exceptions, this link has virtually (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  23
    Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (2015). Two Paradoxes of Semantic Information. Synthese 192 (11):3719-3730.
    Yehoshua Bar-Hillel and Rudolph Carnap’s classical theory of semantic information entails the counterintuitive feature that inconsistent statements convey maximal information. Theories preserving Bar-Hillel and Carnap’s modal intuitions while imposing a veridicality requirement on which statements convey information—such as the theories of Fred Dretske or Luciano Floridi—avoid this commitment, as inconsistent statements are deemed not information-conveying by fiat. This paper produces a pair of paradoxical statements that such “veridical-modal” theories must evaluate as both conveying and not (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  39
    Orlin Vakarelov (2013). From Interface to Correspondence: Recovering Classical Representations in a Pragmatic Theory of Semantic Information. Minds and Machines (3):1-25.
    One major fault line in foundational theories of cognition is between the so-called “representational” and “non-representational” theories. Is it possible to formulate an intermediate approach for a foundational theory of cognition by defining a conception of representation that may bridge the fault line? Such an account of representation, as well as an account of correspondence semantics, is offered here. The account extends previously developed agent-based pragmatic theories of semantic information, where meaning of an information state is defined (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  9.  20
    Pieter Adriaans (2010). A Critical Analysis of Floridi’s Theory of Semantic Information. Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):41-56.
    n various publications over the past years, Floridi has developed a theory of semantic information as well-formed, meaningful, and truthful data. This theory is more or less orthogonal to the standard entropy-based notions of information known from physics, information theory, and computer science that all define the amount of information in a certain system as a scalar value without any direct semantic implication. In this context the question rises what the exact relation between these (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  10.  25
    Bruce Raymond Long (2014). Information is Intrinsically Semantic but Alethically Neutral. Synthese 191 (14):3447-3467.
    In this paper I argue that, according to a particular physicalist conception of information, information is both alethically neutral or non-alethic, and is intrinsically semantic. The conception of information presented is physicalist and reductionist, and is contrary to most current pluralist and non-reductionist philosophical opinion about the nature of information. The ontology assumed for this conception of information is based upon physicalist non-eliminative ontic structural realism. However, the argument of primary interest is that (...) so construed is intrinsically semantic on a reductionist and non-alethic basis where semantic content is constituted by indication along causal pathways. Similar arguments have been presented by philosophers with respect to representation. I suggest the conception of information that I present is correct by the lights of the best applied mathematical and scientific theories of information. If so, there is no need for any separate theory of semantic information. Thus I present a theory of intrinsically semantic information which also constitutes an informational theory of truth where truth reduces to information. In the last section I discuss weakly and strongly semantic information, and reject them in favour of alethically neutral intrinsically semantic information. (shrink)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. Luciano Floridi (2005). Is Semantic Information Meaningful Data? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):351-370.
    There is no consensus yet on the definition of semantic information. This paper contributes to the current debate by criticising and revising the Standard Definition of semantic Information (SDI) as meaningful data, in favour of the Dretske-Grice approach: meaningful and well-formed data constitute semantic information only if they also qualify as contingently truthful. After a brief introduction, SDI is criticised for providing necessary but insufficient conditions for the definition of semantic information. SDI (...)
    Direct download (16 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   47 citations  
  12. Marvin L. Minsky (ed.) (1968). Semantic Information Processing. MIT Press.
  13.  67
    Luciano Floridi (2011). Semantic Information and the Correctness Theory of Truth. Erkenntnis 74 (2):147-175.
    Semantic information is usually supposed to satisfy the veridicality thesis: p qualifies as semantic information only if p is true. However, what it means for semantic information to be true is often left implicit, with correspondentist interpretations representing the most popular, default option. The article develops an alternative approach, namely a correctness theory of truth (CTT) for semantic information. This is meant as a contribution not only to the philosophy of information (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  14.  26
    Gustavo Cevolani (2011). Verisimilitude and Strongly Semantic Information. Etica E Politica 13 (2):159-179.
    In The Philosophy of Information, Luciano Floridi presents a theory of “strongly semantic information”, based on the idea that “information encapsulates truth” . Starting with Popper, philosophers of science have developed different explications of the notion of verisimilitude or truthlikeness, construed as a combination of truth and information. Thus, the theory of strongly semantic information and the theory of verisimilitude are intimately tied. Yet, with few exceptions, this link has virtually pass unnoticed. In (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  85
    Giuseppe Primiero (2011). Giovanni Sommaruga (Ed): Formal Theories of Information: From Shannon to Semantic Information Theory and General Concepts of Information. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 21 (1):119-122.
    Giovanni Sommaruga (ed): Formal Theories of Information: From Shannon to Semantic Information Theory and General Concepts of Information Content Type Journal Article Pages 119-122 DOI 10.1007/s11023-011-9228-0 Authors Giuseppe Primiero, Centre for Logic and Philosophy of Science, University of Ghent, Blandijnberg 2, Ghent, 9000 Belgium Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495 Journal Volume Volume 21 Journal Issue Volume 21, Number 1.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  17
    Marty J. Wolf (2011). Analysis, Clarification and Extension of the Theory of Strongly Semantic Information. Etica and Politica / Ethics and Politics (2):246-254.
    This paper analyzes certain technical details of Floridi’s Theory of Strongly Semantic Information. It provides a clarification regarding desirable properties of degrees of informativeness functions by rejecting three of Floridi’s original constraints and proposing a replacement constraint. Finally, the paper briefly explores the notion of quantities of inaccuracy and shows an analysis that mimics Floridi’s analysis of quantities of vacuity.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  37
    Sebastian Sequoiah-Grayson (2012). Giovanni Sommaruga (Ed): Formal Theories of Information: From Shannon to Semantic Information Theory and General Concepts of Information. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 22 (1):35-40.
    Giovanni Sommaruga (ed): Formal Theories of Information: From Shannon to Semantic Information Theory and General Concepts of Information Content Type Journal Article Pages 35-40 DOI 10.1007/s11023-011-9250-2 Authors Sebastian Sequoiah-Grayson, Department of Theoretical Philosophy, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495 Journal Volume Volume 22 Journal Issue Volume 22, Number 1.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  6
    Fergus I. Craik & Betty A. Levy (1970). Semantic and Acoustic Information in Primary Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):77.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  19.  4
    Luciano Floridi, From Data to Semantic Information.
    There is no consensus yet on the definition of semantic information. This paper contributes to the current debate by criticising and revising the Standard Definition of semantic Information as meaningful data, in favour of the Dretske-Grice approach: meaningful and well-formed data constitute semantic information only if they also qualify as contingently truthful. After a brief introduction, SDI is criticised for providing necessary but insufficient conditions for the definition of semantic information. SDI is (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  10
    Marcin J. Schroeder (2012). Search for Syllogistic Structure of Semantic Information. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 22 (1-2):83-103.
    The study of information based on the approach of Shannon was detached from problems of meaning. Also, it did not allow analysis of the structural characteristics of information, nor describe the way structures carry information. An outline of a different theory of information, including its semantics, was earlier proposed by the author. This theory was using closure spaces to model information. In the present paper, structures (called syllogistics) underlying syllogistic reasoning as well as ethnoscientific classifications (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  14
    David Burrows & Ronald Okada (1973). Parallel Scanning of Semantic and Formal Information. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (2):254.
  22.  9
    E. Mena, V. Kashyap, A. Illarramendi & A. Sheth (1998). Domain Specific Ontologies for Semantic Information Brokering on the Global Information Infrastructure. In Nicola Guarino (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Ios Press 269-283.
  23. Yehoshua Bar-Hillel & Rudolf Carnap (1953). Semantic Information. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (14):147-157.
  24.  6
    Luciano Floridi (2007). In Defence of the Veridical Nature of Semantic Information. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 3 (1):0-0.
  25.  13
    Geoffrey Beattie & Heather Shovelton (1999). Do Iconic Hand Gestures Really Contribute Anything to the Semantic Information Conveyed by Speech? An Experimental Investigation. Semiotica 123 (1-2):1-30.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  26.  6
    Rudolf Carnap & Yehoshua Bar-Hillel (1954). An Outline of a Theory of Semantic Information. Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):230-232.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   31 citations  
  27.  1
    Orlin Vakarelov (2010). Pre-Cognitive Semantic Information. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (1-2):193-226.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28.  7
    Javier Borge-Holthoefer & Alex Arenas (2009). Navigating Word Association Norms to Extract Semantic Information. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 621--2777.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  5
    Jaakko Hintikka (1970). On Semantic Information. In Hermann Bondi, Wolfgang Yourgrau & Allen duPont Breck (eds.), Physics, Logic, and History. New York,Plenum Press 147--172.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  30.  5
    M. B. M. (1970). Semantic Information Processing. Review of Metaphysics 24 (2):353-353.
  31.  6
    Michael Lebowitz (1986). Semantic Information: Inference Rules + Memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):147.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  17
    Piero Pagliani (1997). Information Gaps as Communication Needs: A New Semantic Foundation for Some Non-Classical Logics. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 6 (1):63-99.
    Semantics connected to some information based metaphor are well-known in logic literature: a paradigmatic example is Kripke semantic for Intuitionistic Logic. In this paper we start from the concrete problem of providing suitable logic-algebraic models for the calculus of attribute dependencies in Formal Contexts with information gaps and we obtain an intuitive model based on the notion of passage of information showing that Kleene algebras, semi-simple Nelson algebras, three-valued ukasiewicz algebras and Post algebras of order three (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  1
    Cristina Romani & Randi Martin (1999). A Deficit in the Short-Term Retention of Lexical-Semantic Information: Forgetting Words but Remembering a Story. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (1):56.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  15
    Jack Wilson (2002). No Patents for Semantic Information. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (3):15 – 16.
  35.  8
    Anatoli Strigin (1994). Topicalization, Scrambling, and Argument Scope in German: Integrating Semantic and Syntactic Information. Journal of Semantics 11 (4):311-363.
    The paper proposes an explanation of some argument scope phenomena in German in terms of interaction of syntactic and semantic information. On the assumption that lexical semantics of a verb induces a hierarchical ordering on its arguments, it is proposed that this hierarchy together with the mapping of the hierarchy to syntactic structure define a basic scope configuration. The mapping is controlled both by syntactic and by semantic information. Another hypothesis proposes that changes in the syntactic (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  2
    A. W. Young, D. C. Hay & A. W. Ellis (1986). Getting Semantic Information From Familiar Faces. In H. Ellis, M. Jeeves, F. Newcombe & Andrew W. Young (eds.), Aspects of Face Processing. Martinus Nijhoff 123--135.
  37.  1
    B. M. M. (1970). Semantic Information Processing. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 24 (2):353-353.
  38.  1
    Hansjakob Seiler (1970). Semantic Information in Grammar: The Problem of Syntactic Relations. Semiotica 2 (4).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  1
    N. E. Wetherick (1976). Semantic Information in Short-Term Memory: Effects of Presenting Recall Instructions After the List. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 8 (2):79-81.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  1
    Peter Elias (1954). Review: Rudolf Carnap, Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, An Outline of a Theory of Semantic Information. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):230-232.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Pieter Adriaans (2010). A Critical Analysis of Floridi’s Theory of Semantic Information. Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (1-2):41-56.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  13
    Geoff Barnbrook, Pernilla Danielsson & Michaela Mahlberg (eds.) (2006). Meaningful Texts: The Extraction of Semantic Information From Monolingual and Multilingual Corpora. Continuum.
    This book reflects the growing influence of corpus linguistics in a variety of areas such as lexicography, translation studies, genre analysis, and language ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Sa Berger & Ds Gorfein (1992). Direct and Indirect Measures of Semantic Information Available From Masked Words. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):465-465.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Stephen F. Bush (forthcoming). Reasoning About Information Assurance Policy with Uncertainty Using the Semantic Web. Annual Symposium on Information Assurance:1--7.
    This is a brief letter outlining speculative ideas for semantic web reasoning about information assurance. Much work has been done on the development of semantic web applications for reasoning about information assurance. A significant portion of this work is focused upon semantic web ontologies and reasoning about security policies and the underlying implementation of those policies. While numerous semantic web-based security policy ontologies and reasoners exist, both academically and commercially, I will briefly focus on (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. L. Columbo & J. Williams (1987). Processing of Semantic Information. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (5):335-335.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Natalia Egorova, Yury Shtyrov & Friedemann Pulvermüller (2013). Early and Parallel Processing of Pragmatic and Semantic Information in Speech Acts: Neurophysiological Evidence. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Peter Elias (1954). Carnap Rudolf and Bar-Hillel Yehoshua. An Outline of a Theory of Semantic Information. Technical Report No. 247. Photo-Offset. Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1952, Ii + 49 Pp.Bar-Hillel Yehoshua and Carnap Rudolf. Semantic Information. Communication Theory, Papers Read at a Symposium on “Applications of Communication Theory” Held at the Institution of Electrical Engineers, London September 22nd-26th 1952, Edited by Jackson Willis, Butterworths Scientific Publications, London 1953, Pp. 503–511.MacKay D. M.. Discussion. Communication Theory, Papers Read at a Symposium on “Applications of Communication Theory” Held at the Institution of Electrical Engineers, London September 22nd-26th 1952, Edited by Jackson Willis, Butterworths Scientific Publications, London 1953, Pp. 511–512.Bar-Hillel Y.. In Reply. Communication Theory, Papers Read at a Symposium on “Applications of Communication Theory” Held at the Institution of Electrica. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):230-232.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Artur Machlarz (2011). On General Definition of the Notion of Semantic Information. Filozofia Nauki 19 (1):71.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Cw Mcintyre, Cp Gancarz, Cj Ptacek & La Nix (1992). Are Both Nonsemantic and Semantic Information Processed From an Icon. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):469-469.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Tokuyuki Okubo (1969). On the Theory of Semantic Information Based on the SNK Language System. Kagaku Tetsugaku 2:19-36.
1 — 50 / 1000