Search results for 'Semantics (Philosophy History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    C. Hill, Bertil Rolf, Gregory Landini, Timothy Williamson & Desmond Henry (1996). Reviews of A. Kenny, Frege, an Introduction to the Founder of Modern Analytic Philosophy. London: Penguin, 1995. VIII-H223pp. £7.99 T. Willamson, Vagueness. London: Routledge, 1994. XIII-F-325 Pp. £35.00 Tom Burke, Dewey's New Logic: A Reply to Russell. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1994. XII+288 Pp. £25.50/$36.75 M. Pinkal Logic and Lexicon: The Semantics of the Indefinite. Translated From the German by G.Simmons. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1995. XVIII + 378 Pp. £74.00/ $93/175 Dfl M. Pinkal Logic and Lexicon: The Semantics of the Indefinite. Translated From the German by G.Simmons. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1995. XVIII + 378 Pp. £74.00/ $93/175 Dfl Nicholas Rescher, Essays in the History of Philosophy. Aldershot: Avebury, 1995. VII + 373 Pp. £42.50 Christian Thiel, Philosophie Und Mathematik. Eine Einführung in Ihre Wechsel-Wirkungen Und in Die Philosophie der Mathematik. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1995. 364 Pp. Isbn 3-534 05990-5. No Price Stated Jon Barwise and John Etchemen. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of Logic 17 (1 & 2):85-119.
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  2. Benson Mates (1970). Kretzmann Norman. Semantics, History Of. The Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Edited by Edwards Paul, The Macmillan Company & The Free Press, New York, and Collier-Macmillan Limited, London, 1967, Vol. 7, Pp. 358–406. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (2):308.
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  3.  32
    Peter Olen (forthcoming). A Forgotten Strand of Reception History: Understanding Pure Semantics. Synthese:1-21.
    I explore a strand of reception history that follows Rudolf Carnap’s shift from a purely syntactical analysis of constructed languages to his conception of pure semantics. My exploration focuses on Gustav Bergmann’s and Everett Hall’s interpretation of pure semantics , their understanding of what constitutes a ’formal’ investigation of language, and their arguments concerning the relationship between expressions and their extra-linguistic referents. I argue that Bergmann and Hall strongly misread Carnap’s semantic project and, subsequently, their misunderstanding is (...)
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  4. L. M. De Rijk & E. P. Bos (eds.) (1985). Mediaeval Semantics and Metaphysics: Studies Dedicated to L. M. De Rijk, Ph.D., Professor of Ancient and Mediaeval Philosophy at the University of Leiden on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. [REVIEW] Ingenium.
  5.  44
    Jens Bartelson (2007). Philosophy and History in the Study of Political Thought. Journal of the Philosophy of History 1 (1):101-124.
    This article analyzes how the relationship between philosophy and history has been conceived within the study of political thought, and how different ways of conceiving this relationship in turn have affected the definition of the subject matter as well as the choice of methods within this field. My main argument is that the ways in which we conceive this relationship is dependent on the assumptions we make about the ontological status of concepts and their meaning. I start by discussing (...)
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  6. K. Friis Johansen (1998). A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginnings to Augustine. Routledge.
    This book discusses key philosophical concepts and ideologies, including ontology, epistemology, logic, semantics, moral and political philosophy, theology and aesthetics during classical antiquity. Karsten Friis Johansen charts the history of ancient philosophy from the mythological oral tradition, Homer and early tragedy, to the giants of Plato and Aristotle through to paganism and the genesis of Christianity. A History of Ancient Philosophy also presents detailed analysis of individual ancient philosophers and interpretations and commentary on key philosophical passages.
     
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  7.  29
    Robin Findlay Hendry & Ian James Kidd (2016). Introduction: Historiography and the Philosophy of the Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 55:1-2.
    The history of science and the philosophy of science have a long and tangled relationship. On the one hand, philosophical reflection on science can be guided, shaped, and challenged by historical scholarship—a process begun by Thomas Kuhn and continued by successive generations of ‘post-positivist’ historians and philosophers of science. On the other hand, the activity of writing the history of science raises methodological questions concerning, for instance, progress in science, realism and antirealism, and the semantics of scientific (...)
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  8.  51
    Naomi Choi (2007). Interpretivism in Jurisprudence: What Difference Does the Philosophy of History Make to the Philosophy of Law? Journal of the Philosophy of History 1 (3):365-393.
    To answer the question of what difference the philosophy of history makes to the philosophy of law this paper begins by calling attention to the way that Ronald Dworkin's interpretive theory of law is supposed to upend legal positivism. My analysis shows how divergent theories about what law and the basis of legal authority is are supported by divergent points of view about what concepts are, how they operate within social practices, and how we might best give account of (...)
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  9. Karsten Friis Johansen (1999). A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to Augustine. Routledge.
    Translated by Henrik Rosenmeier, A History of Ancient Philosophy charts the origins and development of ancient philosophical thought. For easy reference, the book is divided chronologically into six main parts. The sections are further divided into philosophers and philosophical movements: *Pre-Socratic Philosophy, including mythology, the Pythagoreans and Parmenides *The Great Century of Athens, including the Sophists and Socrates *Plato, including The Republic, The Symposium and The Timaeus *Aristotle, including The Physics, The Metaphysics and The Poetics *Hellenistic Philosophy, including the (...)
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  10. Gabriël Nuchelmans (1996). Studies on the History of Logic and Semantics, 12th-17th Centuries. Variorum.
  11. Karsten Friis Johansen (2005). A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to Augustine. Routledge.
    Translated by Henrik Rosenmeier, _A History of Ancient Philosophy_ charts the origins and development of ancient philosophical thought. For easy reference, the book is divided chronologically into six main parts. The sections are further divided into philosophers and philosophical movements: *Pre-Socratic Philosophy, including mythology, the Pythagoreans and Parmenides *The Great Century of Athens, including the Sophists and Socrates *Plato, including The Republic, The Symposium and The Timaeus *Aristotle, including The Physics, The Metaphysics and The Poetics *Hellenistic Philosophy, including the (...)
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  12. Karsten Friis Johansen (2012). A History of Ancient Philosophy: From the Beginning to Augustine. Routledge.
    Translated by Henrik Rosenmeier, _A History of Ancient Philosophy_ charts the origins and development of ancient philosophical thought. For easy reference, the book is divided chronologically into six main parts. The sections are further divided into philosophers and philosophical movements: *Pre-Socratic Philosophy, including mythology, the Pythagoreans and Parmenides *The Great Century of Athens, including the Sophists and Socrates *Plato, including The Republic, The Symposium and The Timaeus *Aristotle, including The Physics, The Metaphysics and The Poetics *Hellenistic Philosophy, including the (...)
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  13. B. Jack Copeland (2006). Meredith, Prior, and the History of Possible Worlds Semantics. Synthese 150 (3):373-397.
    This paper charts some early history of the possible worlds semantics for modal logic, starting with the pioneering work of Prior and Meredith. The contributions of Geach, Hintikka, Kanger, Kripke, Montague, and Smiley are also discussed.
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  14.  57
    Katherine H. Tachau (1988). Vision and Certitude in the Age of Ockham: Optics, Epistemology, and the Foundations of Semantics, 1250-1345. E.J. Brill.
    When William of Ockham lectured on Lombard's "Sentences" in 1317-1319, he articulated a new theory of knowledge.
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  15. E. J. Ashworth (1985). Studies in Post-Medieval Semantics. Variorum Reprints.
    "For riding is required a horse"--"I promise you a horse"--Chimeras and imaginary objects--Theories of the proposition--The structure of mental language--Mental language and the unity of propositions--"Do words signify ideas or things?"--Locke on language--The doctrine of exponibilia in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries--Multiple quantification and the use of special quantifiers in early sixteenth century logic--Thomas Bricot(d. 1516) and the Liar paradox--Will Socrates cross the bridge?
     
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  16.  87
    Daniel Whiting (2006). Conceptual Role Semantics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    In the philosophy of language, conceptual role semantics (hereafter CRS) is a theory of what constitutes the meanings possessed by expressions of natural languages, or the propositions expressed by their utterance. In the philosophy of mind, it is a theory of what constitutes the contents of psychological attitudes, such as beliefs or desires. CRS comes in a variety of forms, not always clearly distinguished by commentators. Such versions are known variously as functional/causal/computational role semantics, and more broadly as (...)
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  17.  15
    Gyula Klima, Ontological Alternatives Vs Alternative Semantics in Mediaeval Philosophy.
    `Realism', `conceptualism' and `nominalism' are terms that one is most likely to come across in history of philosophy textbooks, presented as ones labeling three major ontological alternatives provided by mediaeval philosophy. The general inadequacy of these labels is perhaps best shown by the desperate efforts to provide further, modified labels , the well-known `moderate' and `extreme' or `exaggerated' versions of the above, in hopes of implying at least a lesser amount of falsehood in hanging..
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  18.  8
    Siegfried Maser (1971). Meaning and Concept. On the Foundation of a Semantics in Linguistic Philosophy. Philosophy and History 4 (2):168-169.
  19. John Corcoran & Alfred Tarski (1986). What Are Logical Notions? History and Philosophy of Logic 7 (2):143-154.
    In this manuscript, published here for the first time, Tarski explores the concept of logical notion. He draws on Klein's Erlanger Programm to locate the logical notions of ordinary geometry as those invariant under all transformations of space. Generalizing, he explicates the concept of logical notion of an arbitrary discipline.
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  20. Christopher Norris (1997). Resources of Realism: Prospects for 'Post-Analytic' Philosophy. St. Martin's Press.
    This book is concerned chiefly with issues in epistemology, philosophical semantics and philosophy of science. It defends a causal-realist approach to theories and explanations in the natural sciences and a truth-based propositional semantics for natural language derived from various sources, among them unusually in this context the work of William Empson. It argues against various forms of anti-realist doctrine with regard to both the truth-claims of science and the construal of intentions, meanings and beliefs in the process of (...)
     
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  21.  23
    Joachim Stolz (1996). Bericht: 10th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science (August 19–25, 1995; Florence, Italy). [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 27 (1):167-170.
    The International Union of History and Philosophy of Science organizing the 10th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science is at its cross-road: the alternative is mass-performance or creative exchange of ideas. The program is criticized because the thematic center in History and Philosophy of Science has been shifted too far into the realm of micro-fields of Logic and the time reduction for presentation and discussion of papers to 20 minutes should be reconsidered. Several outstanding papers (...)
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  22.  30
    Eugen Zelenak (2011). On Sense, Reference, and Tone in History. Journal of the Philosophy of History 4 (3-4):354-374.
    This paper tries to show how the Fregean semantic framework, especially the notions of sense and tone, can be used to explain certain features of history. Following Michael Dummett's interpretation of Gottlob Frege's notion of meaning, it is possible to conceive of historical works as proposing particular modes of presentation of past events. In fact, alternative historical works about the same past events could be viewed as differing in what sense and tone they express. In this paper, I first (...)
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  23.  4
    Richard Peter McKeon (1990). Freedom and History and Other Essays: An Introduction to the Thought of Richard Mckeon. University of Chicago Press.
    This volume of essays is an important introduction to the thought of one of the twentieth century's most significant yet underappreciated philosophers, Richard McKeon. The originator of philosophical pluralism, McKeon made extraordinary contributions to philosophy, to international relations, and to theory-formation in the communication arts, aesthetics, the organization of knowledge, and the practical sciences. This collection, which includes a philosophical autobiography as well as the out-of-print title essay "Freedom and History" and a previously unpublished essay on "Philosophic Semantics (...)
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  24. Norman Kretzmann (1967). Semantics, History Of. In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York, Macmillan 2--358.
     
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  25.  29
    Richard L. Lanigan (1991). Speaking and Semiology: Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenological Theory of Existential Communication. Mouton De Gruyter.
    KEY TO FOOTNOTE ABBREVIATIONS MM-P. Structure Phenomenology Sense Praise Signs Visible Themes Humanism Primacy Maurice Merleau-Ponty The Structure of ...
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  26. Marcia L. Colish (1968). The Mirror of Language. New Haven, Yale University Press.
     
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  27.  58
    John Corcoran, Meanings of Non Sequitur.
    Contrary to dictionaries, a non sequitur isn’t “any statement that doesn’t follow logically from previous statements”. Otherwise, every opening statement would be a non sequitur: a non sequitur is a statement claimed to follow from previous statements but that doesn’t follow. If the sentence making a given statement doesn’t contain ‘thus’, ‘so’, ‘hence’, ‘therefore’, or something else indicating an implication claim, the statement isn’t a non sequitur in this sense. But this is only one of several senses of that expression, (...)
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  28.  79
    E. J. Ashworth (1974). Language and Logic in the Post-Medieval Period. Reidel.
    HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION Although many of the details of the development of logic in the Middle Ages remain to be filled in, it is well known that between ...
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  29. Barry Smith (2005). Against Fantology. In Johann C. Marek & Maria E. Reicher (eds.), Experience and Analysis. HPT&ÖBV 153-170.
    The analytical philosophy of the last hundred years has been heavily influenced by a doctrine to the effect that the key to the correct understanding of reality is captured syntactically in the ‘Fa’ (or, in more sophisticated versions, in the ‘Rab’) of standard firstorder predicate logic. Here ‘F’ stands for what is general in reality and ‘a’ for what is individual. Hence “f(a)ntology”. Because predicate logic has exactly two syntactically different kinds of referring expressions—‘F’, ‘G’, ‘R’, etc., and ‘a’, ‘b’, (...)
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  30. Gabriël Nuchelmans (1973). Theories of the Proposition. Amsterdam,North-Holland Pub. Co..
     
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  31.  4
    Eugen Zeleňák (2013). Semantics of Historical Representation in Terms of Aspects. Journal of the Philosophy of History 7 (2):244-256.
    In his latest book, Frank Ankersmit proposes an original theory of historical representation. In this review I focus on what I take to be his most important semantic points with respect to representation, meaning, truth, and reference. First, I provide a short summary of the book. Second, I explore his semantics in terms of aspects and compare it with a different account inspired by the Fregean notion of mode of presentation. As my examination shows, Ankersmit’s analysis faces the problem (...)
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  32. Kapil Kapoor, S. K. Sareen & Makarand R. Paranjape (eds.) (2004). Sabda, Text and Interpretation in Indian Thought: Festschrift for Professor Kapil Kapoor. Mantra Books.
     
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  33.  27
    John Corcoran (2013). Aristotle’s “Whenever Three Terms”. Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 19:234-235.
    The premise-fact confusion in Aristotle’s PRIOR ANALYTICS. -/- The premise-fact fallacy is talking about premises when the facts are what matters or talking about facts when the premises are what matters. It is not useful to put too fine a point on this pencil. -/- In one form it is thinking that the truth-values of premises are relevant to what their consequences in fact are, or relevant to determining what their consequences are. Thus, e.g., someone commits the premise-fact fallacy if (...)
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  34.  1
    Alexander Maar (2016). Applying D. K. Lewis’s Counterfactual Theory of Causation to the Philosophy of Historiography. Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (3):349-369.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 349 - 369 A theory of causation suitable for historiography must accommodate the many types of causal claims historians make. In this paper, I examine the advantages of applying D. K. Lewis’s counterfactual theory of causation to the philosophy of historiography. I contend that Lewis’s possible world semantics offers a superior framework for making sense of historical causation, and that it lays the foundation for historians to look at history as causal (...)
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  35. Stephen K. Land (1974). From Signs to Propositions: The Concept of Form in Eighteenth-Century Semantic Theory. Longman.
     
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  36. Richard Waswo (1987). Language and Meaning in the Renaissance. Princeton University Press.
     
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  37. Lora Nedi͡alkova (2010). Slovesni I Muzikalni Diskursi Ot Epokhata Na Baroka: Smislovi Prostranstva V Sravnitelna Perspektiva. Universitetsko Izdatelstvo "Sv. Kliment Okhridski,".
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  38.  3
    Eugen Zeleňák (2013). Using Goodman to Explore Historical Representation. Journal of the Philosophy of History 7 (3):371-395.
    Several authors argue that historical works should be viewed as relatively complex and autonomous constructions that are of interest in their own right. In the paper I follow this general approach to history and provide an analysis of historical representation inspired mainly by Nelson Goodman’s observations about symbols. In Languages of Art, Goodman makes a number of interesting claims regarding pictorial representation, exemplification and expression, which could be employed to clarify certain semantic questions of history. He convincingly shows (...)
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  39.  35
    Philippe De Rouilhan (2012). In Defense of Logical Universalism: Taking Issue with Jean van Heijenoort. [REVIEW] Logica Universalis 6 (3-4):553-586.
    Van Heijenoort’s main contribution to history and philosophy of modern logic was his distinction between two basic views of logic, first, the absolutist, or universalist, view of the founding fathers, Frege, Peano, and Russell, which dominated the first, classical period of history of modern logic, and, second, the relativist, or model-theoretic, view, inherited from Boole, Schröder, and Löwenheim, which has dominated the second, contemporary period of that history. In my paper, I present the man Jean van Heijenoort (...)
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  40.  9
    David L. Marshall (2013). The Implications of Robert Brandom's Inferentialism for Intellectual History. History and Theory 52 (1):1-31.
    Quentin Skinner’s appropriation of speech act theory for intellectual history has been extremely influential. Even as the model continues to be important for historians, however, philosophers now regard the original speech act theory paradigm as dated. Are there more recent initiatives that might reignite theoretical work in this area? This article argues that the inferentialism of Robert Brandom is one of the most interesting contemporary philosophical projects with historical implications. It shows how Brandom’s work emerged out of the broad (...)
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  41. Timothy Williamson (1994). Vagueness. Routledge.
    Vagueness provides the first comprehensive examination of a topic of increasing importance in metaphysics and the philosophy of logic and language. Timothy Williamson traces the history of this philosophical problem from discussions of the heap paradox in classical Greece to modern formal approaches such as fuzzy logic. He illustrates the problems with views which have taken the position that standard logic and formal semantics do not apply to vague language, and defends the controversial realistic view that vagueness is (...)
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  42.  41
    Daniel Rothschild (2015). Conditionals and Propositions in Semantics. Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (6):781-791.
    IntroductionThe project of giving an account of meaning in natural languages goes largely by assigning truth-conditional content to sentences. I will call the view that sentences have truth-conditional content propositionalism as it is common to identify the truth-conditional content of a sentence with the proposition it expresses. This content plays an important role in our explanations of the speech-acts, attitude ascriptions, and the meaning of sentences when they appear as parts of longer sentences. Much work in philosophy of language and (...)
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  43.  63
    Siobhan Chapman (2000). Philosophy for Linguists: An Introduction. Routledge.
    Philosophy for Linguists provides students with a clear, concise introduction to the main topics in the philosophy of language. Focusing on what linguists need to know and how philosophy relates to modern linguistics, the book is structured around key branches of linguistics: semantics, pragmatics, and language acquisition. Assuming no prior knowledge of philosophy, Siobhan Chapman traces the history and development of ideas in the philosophy of language and outlines the contributions of specific philosophers. The book is highly accessible (...)
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  44.  76
    Paul Redding (2014). An Hegelian Solution to a Tangle of Problems Facing Brandom'S Analytic Pragmatism. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (4):657-680.
    In his program of analytic pragmatism, Robert Brandom has presented a thoroughgoing reinterpretation of the place of analytic philosophy in the history of philosophy by linking his own non-representational ‘inferentialist’ approach to semantics to the rationalist – idealist tradition, and in particular, to Hegel. Brandom, however, has not been without his critics in regard to both his approach to semantics and his interpretation of Hegel. Here I single out four interlinked problematic areas facing Brandom's inferentialist semantics (...)
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  45.  4
    Robert May & Charles D. Parsons (2012). Foreword to the Special Issue on Frege and Contemporary Philosophy. Journal of Philosophy 109 (1):5-8.
    As the history of analytic philosophy is written, Gottlob Frege sits among the pantheon, one of the core creators of a novel way of philosophical thinking. It is a way of thinking that is notably infused with logical and semantic insights that are original to Frege. The source of these insights is well known. They arise in the context of logicism, Frege’s mathematical project that unfolded in a body of thought punctuated by three seminal works, Begriffsschrift of 1879, Die (...)
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  46. Paolo Mancosu (2014). The Adventure of Reason: Interplay Between Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Logic, 1900-1940. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Paolo Mancosu presents a series of innovative studies in the history and the philosophy of logic and mathematics in the first half of the twentieth century. The Adventure of Reason is divided into five main sections: history of logic ; foundational issues ; mathematics and phenomenology ; nominalism ; semantics. Mancosu exploits extensive untapped archival sources to make available a wealth of new material that deepens in significant ways our understanding of these fascinating areas of modern intellectual (...)
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  47.  10
    Siobhan Chapman (2011). Arne Naess and Empirical Semantics. Inquiry 54 (1):18-30.
    ABSTRACT This article focuses on Arne Naess's work in the philosophy of language, which he began in the mid-1930s and continued into the 1960s. This aspect of his work is nowadays relatively neglected, but it deserves to be revisited. Firstly, it is intrinsically interesting to the history of analytic philosophy in the twentieth century, because Naess questioned some of the established philosophical methodologies and assumptions of his day. Secondly, it suggests a compelling but unacknowledged intellectual pedigree for some recent (...)
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  48.  56
    Kent Johnson & Ernie Lepore (2002). Does Syntax Reveal Semantics? A Case Study of Complex Demonstratives. Noûs 36 (s16):17 - 41.
    Following Aristotle (who himself was following Parmenides), philosophers have appealed to the distributional reflexes of expressions in determining their semantic status, and ultimately, the nature of the extra-linguistic world. This methodology has been practiced throughout the history of philosophy; it was clarified and made popular by the likes of Zeno Vendler and J.L. Austin, and is realized today in the toolbox of linguistically minded philosophers. Studying the syntax of natural language was fueled by the belief that there is a (...)
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  49.  33
    Catarina Dutilh Novaes (2006). Formalizations Après la Lettre: Studies in Medieval Logic and Semantics. Dissertation, Leiden University
    This thesis is on the history and philosophy of logic and semantics. Logic can be described as the ‘science of reasoning’, as it deals primarily with correct patterns of reasoning. However, logic as a discipline has undergone dramatic changes in the last two centuries: while for ancient and medieval philosophers it belonged essentially to the realm of language studies, it has currently become a sub-branch of mathematics. This thesis attempts to establish a dialogue between the modern and the (...)
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  50. Ernest Lepore (2002). Does Syntax Reveal Semantics?: A Case Study of Complex Demonstratives. Philosophical Perspectives 16:17--41.
    Following Aristotle (who himself was following Parmenides), philosophers have appealed to the distributional reflexes of expressions in determining their semantic status, and ultimately, the nature of the extra-linguistic world. This methodology has been practiced throughout the history of philosophy; it was clarified and made popular by the likes of Zeno Vendler and J.L. Austin, and is realized today in the toolbox of linguistically minded philosophers. Studying the syntax of natural language was fueled by the belief that there is a (...)
     
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