Search results for 'Semantics, Comparative' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Paul Canart (1979). Studies in Comparative Semantics. St. Martin's Press.score: 180.0
     
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  2. Alastair Butler (2004). The Syntax and Semantics of Split Constructions: A Comparative Study. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 174.0
    Split constructions are widespread in natural languages. The separation of the semantic restriction of a quantifier from that quantifier is a typical example of such a construction. This study addresses the problem that such discontinuous strings exhibit--namely, a number of locality constraints, including intervention effects. These are shown to follow from the interaction of a minimalist syntax with a semantics that directly assigns a model-theoretic interpretation to syntactic logical forms. The approach is shown to have wide empirical coverage and a (...)
     
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  3. Herbert H. Clark & Stuart K. Card (1969). Role of Semantics in Remembering Comparative Sentences. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):545.score: 168.0
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  4. J. -W. Lin (2007). On the Semantics of Comparative Correlatives in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Semantics 24 (2):169-213.score: 150.0
    The main objective of this article is to provide a formal semantics of comparative correlatives of the form ‘yuè …, (jiù ) yuè … ’ in Mandarin Chinese. A new analysis is proposed which treats the comparative correlatives as one which involves a quantificational tripartite structure and which derives all the meanings of the ‘yuè …, (jiù) yuè … ’ constructions through a comparison of degrees which relate to different or same individuals. The comparison of the same or (...)
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  5. Giuseppe Longobardi (2001). How Comparative is Semantics? A Unified ParametricTheory of Bare Nouns and Proper Names. Natural Language Semantics 9 (4):335-369.score: 150.0
    One of the two central suggestions put forth in Longobardi (1991, 1994) was that Romance/English differences in the syntax of proper names were parametrically connected to supposed differences in the semantics of bare (plural and mass) common nouns (BNs). The present article will pursue this line of investigation, trying to make precise such meaning differences and to understand the reason for their apparently surprising parametric association with the syntax of proper names.It will be shown that in most Romance varieties BNs, (...)
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  6. Chris Sinha, Lis A. Thorseng, Mariko Hayashi & Kim Plunkett (1994). Comparative Spatial Semantics and Language Acquisition: Evidence From Danish, English, and Japanese. Journal of Semantics 11 (4):253-287.score: 132.0
    Spatial relational meaning is typically predominantly expressed in English and related languages by die locative particle system. Even between closely related languages such as Danish and English, there are substantial differences with respect to both the semantics and the morphology of locative particles. Other languages (including Japanese), although they may use locative particles in spatial relational expression, distribute spatial relational meaning quite differendy between and within form classes. We investigate the consequences of these differences for the acquisition of spatial relational (...)
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  7. Barbara Keller, Constantin Klein, Anne Swhajor-Biesemann, Christopher F. Silver, Ralph Hood & Heinz Streib (2013). The Semantics of 'Spirituality' and Related Self-Identifications: A Comparative Study in Germany and the USA. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 35 (1):71-100.score: 132.0
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  8. Ross Evans Paulson (1983). Language, Science, and Action: Korzybski's General Semantics: A Study in Comparative Intellectual History. Greenwood Press.score: 132.0
     
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  9. Jorn Leonhard (2013). Introduction: The Longue Duree of Empire Toward a Comparative Semantics of a Key Concept in Modern European History. Contributions to the History of Concepts 8 (1):1-25.score: 126.0
    Against the background of a new interest in empires past and present and an inflation of the concept in modern political language and beyond, the article first looks at the use of the concept as an analytical marker in historical and current interpretations of empires. With a focus on Western European cases, the concrete semantics of empire as a key concept in modern European history is analyzed, combining a reconstruction of some diachronic trends with synchronic differentiations.
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  10. Lin Jo-Wang (2007). On the Semantics of Comparative Correlatives in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Semantics 24 (2).score: 126.0
     
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  11. Sigrid Beck (1997). On the Semantics of Comparative Conditionals. Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (3):229-271.score: 120.0
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  12. Ewan Klein (1980). A Semantics for Positive and Comparative Adjectives. Linguistics and Philosophy 4 (1):1--45.score: 120.0
  13. Gyula Klima (1993). The Changing Role Ofentia Rationis in Mediaeval Semantics and Ontology: A Comparative Study with a Reconstruction. Synthese 96 (1):25 - 58.score: 120.0
  14. Arthur Nieuwendijk (1992). Semantics and Comparative Logic. Journal of Indian Philosophy 20 (4):377-418.score: 120.0
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  15. Régis Alenda & Nicola Olivetti (2012). Preferential Semantics for the Logic of Comparative Similarity Over Triangular and Metric Models. In. In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. 1--13.score: 120.0
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  16. Pierluigi Minari (1988). On the Semantics of Comparative Logic. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 34 (5):433-448.score: 120.0
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  17. Jaakko Hintikka (1977). Possible-Worlds Semantics as a Framework for Comparative and Critical Philosophy. In Gilbert Ryle (ed.), Contemporary Aspects of Philosophy. Oriel Press. 57.score: 120.0
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  18. Ernest LePore & Barry Loewer (1990). A Study in Comparative Semantics. In C. A. Anderson J. Owens (ed.), Propositional Attitudes: The Role of Content in Logic, Language, and Mind. Csli. 20--91.score: 120.0
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  19. Roger Schwarzschild & Karina Wilkinson (2002). Quantifiers in Comparatives: A Semantics of Degree Based on Intervals. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 10 (1):1-41.score: 94.0
    The sentence Irving was closer to me than he was to most of the others contains a quantifier, most of the other, in the scope a comparative. The first part of this paper explains the challenges presented by such cases to existing approaches to the semantics of the comparative. The second part presents a new analysis of comparatives based on intervals rather than points on a scale. This innovation is analogized to the move from moments to intervals in (...)
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  20. Katarzyna Jaszczolt & Ken Turner (eds.) (1996). Contrastive Semantics and Pragmatics. Pergamon.score: 90.0
    v. 1. Meanings and representations -- v. 2. Discourse strategies.
     
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  21. Martin Smith (2007). Ceteris Paribus Conditionals and Comparative Normalcy. Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (1):97 - 121.score: 84.0
    Our understanding of subjunctive conditionals has been greatly enhanced through the use of possible world semantics and, more precisely, by the idea that they involve variably strict quantification over possible worlds. I propose to extend this treatment to ceteris paribus conditionals - that is, conditionals that incorporate a ceteris paribus or 'other things being equal' clause. Although such conditionals are commonly invoked in scientific theorising, they traditionally arouse suspicion and apprehensiveness amongst philosophers. By treating ceteris paribus conditionals as a species (...)
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  22. John Lyons (1977). Semantics. Cambridge University Press.score: 84.0
    This book, which can be read independently, deals with more specifically linguistic problems in semantics and contains substantial original material.
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  23. Anna Wierzbicka (1996). Semantics: Primes and Universals. Oxford University Press.score: 84.0
    Conceptual primitives and semantic universals are the cornerstones of a semantic theory which Anna Wierzbicka has been developing for many years. Semantics: Primes and Universals is a major synthesis of her work, presenting a full and systematic exposition of that theory in a non-technical and readable way. It delineates a full set of universal concepts, as they have emerged from large-scale investigations across a wide range of languages undertaken by the author and her colleagues. On the basis of empirical cross-linguistic (...)
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  24. Denis Bouchard (1995). The Semantics of Syntax: A Minimalist Approach to Grammar. University of Chicago Press.score: 84.0
    During the last thirty years, most linguists and philosophers have assumed that meaning can be represented symbolically and that the mental processing of language involves the manipulation of symbols. Scholars have assembled strong evidence that there must be linguistic representations at several abstract levels--phonological, syntactic, and semantic--and that those representations are related by a describable system of rules. Because meaning is so complex, linguists often posit an equally complex relationship between semantic and other levels of grammar. The Semantics of Syntax (...)
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  25. Roger Schwarzschild, The Semantics of Comparatives and Other Degree Constructions.score: 84.0
    (1) is an example of an adjectival comparative. In it, the adjective important is flanked by more and a comparative clause headed by than. This article is a survey of recent ideas about the interpretation of comparatives, including (i) the underlying semantics based on the idea of a threshold; (ii) the interpretation of comparative clauses that include quantifiers (brighter than on many other days); (iii) remarks on differentials such as much in (1) above: what they do in (...)
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  26. Yael Ravin (1990). Lexical Semantics Without Thematic Roles. Oxford University Press.score: 84.0
    In this interpretive analysis, Ravin argues that thematic roles are not valid semantic entities, and that syntax and semantics are indeed autonomous and independent of one another. Suggesting a decompositional approach to lexical semantics in the spirit of Katz's semantic theory, the book considers such theoretical issues as indeterminacy and ambiguity, lexical configuration rules, and lexical projection, and analyzes the semantic content of event concepts such as causation, action, and change.
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  27. Anastasia Giannakidou, Metalinguistic Comparatives in Greek and Korean: Attitude Semantics, Expressive Content, and Negative Polarity Items.score: 84.0
    In this paper, we propose an analysis of metalinguistic comparatives (MCs) in Greek and Korean which combines an attitudinal semantics (Giannakidou and Stavrou 2008) with an expressive component. The comparative morpheme supplies the former, and the than-particle supplies the latter. Following Giannakidou and Stavrou, we assume that the MC involves the speaker’s attitude towards the than-proposition— which is deemed less appropriate or preferable— and we discuss novel data from Korean showing a two way distinction between “regular” MCs (signaled by (...)
     
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  28. Harry Howard (2004). Neuromimetic Semantics: Coordination, Quantification, and Collective Predicates. Elsevier.score: 84.0
    This book attempts to marry truth-conditional semantics with cognitive linguistics in the church of computational neuroscience. To this end, it examines the truth-conditional meanings of coordinators, quantifiers, and collective predicates as neurophysiological phenomena that are amenable to a neurocomputational analysis. Drawing inspiration from work on visual processing, and especially the simple/complex cell distinction in early vision (V1), we claim that a similar two-layer architecture is sufficient to learn the truth-conditional meanings of the logical coordinators and logical quantifiers. As a prerequisite, (...)
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  29. Igorʹ A. Melʹčuk (2012). Semantics: From Meaning to Text. John Benjamins Pub. Co..score: 84.0
    This book presents an innovative and novel approach to linguistic semantics, beginning with the idea that language can be described as a system for the expression of linguistic Meanings as particular surface forms or Texts.
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  30. Harry C. Bunt (1985). Mass Terms and Model-Theoretic Semantics. Cambridge University Press.score: 84.0
    'Mass terms', words like water, rice and traffic, have proved very difficult to accommodate in any theory of meaning since, unlike count nouns such as house or dog, they cannot be viewed as part of a logical set and differ in their grammatical properties. In this study, motivated by the need to design a computer program for understanding natural language utterances incorporating mass terms, Harry Bunt provides a thorough analysis of the problem and offers an original and detailed solution. An (...)
     
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  31. J. E. Miller (1985). Semantics and Syntax: Parallels and Connections. Cambridge University Press.score: 84.0
    This book is concerned with the relationship between semantics and surface structure and in particular with the way in which each is mapped into the other. Jim Miller argues that semantic and syntactic structure require different representations and that semantic structure is far more complex than many analysts realise. He argues further that semantic structure should be based on notions of location and movement. The need for a semantic component of greater complexity is demonstrated by an examination of prepositions, particles, (...)
     
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  32. Tim Hunter (2011). Syntactic Effects of Conjunctivist Semantics: Unifying Movement and Adjunction. John Benjamins Pub. Company.score: 80.0
    chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Goals In this book I will explore the syntactic and semantic properties of movement and adjunction in natural language, ...
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  33. Anna Wierzbicka (1988). The Semantics of Grammar. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..score: 78.0
    Introduction 1. Language and meaning Nothing is as easily overlooked, or as easily forgotten, as the most obvious truths. The tenet that language is a tool ...
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  34. Samuel Louis Bayer (1997). Confessions of a Lapsed Neo-Davidsonian: Events and Arguments in Compositional Semantics. Garland Pub..score: 78.0
    Chapter 1 Introduction How are participants associated with the eventualities they participate in? Are there events? Thematic roles? ...
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  35. Lisa A. Reed (1996). Toward Logical Form: An Exploration of the Role of Syntax in Semantics. Garland Pub..score: 78.0
    Introduction 1.1 GOALS This book is devoted to an in-depth investigation of some of the properties of Logical Form (LF). In particular, the primary aim of ...
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  36. Geoffrey N. Leech (1980). Explorations in Semantics and Pragmatics. Benjamins.score: 78.0
    INTRODUCTION The four papers in this book are slightly revised and updated versions of papers I wrote in the period 1973-77, while I was coming to terms ...
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  37. Peter Lasersohn (1990). A Semantics for Groups and Events. Garland Pub..score: 78.0
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  38. Xiao Li (2013). Degreeless Comparatives: The Semantics of Differential Verbal Comparatives in Mandarin Chinese. Journal of Semantics:fft013.score: 78.0
    This article studies a type of comparative in Mandarin Chinese, which has rarely been discussed in the literature (Cheng 1966). I refer to them as Differential Verbal Comparatives (DVCs). I show that DVCs, unlike Chinese adjectival and adverbial comparatives, allow differentials that are definite DPs, for example, Jane Eyre he Pride and Prejudice ‘Jane Eyre and Pride and Prejudice’. Based on this fact and other empirical differences between DVCs and adjectival/adverbial comparatives in Mandarin Chinese, I motivate and develop a (...)
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  39. Petr Sgall (ed.) (1984). Contributions to Functional Syntax, Semantics, and Language Comprehension. J. Benjamins Pub. Co..score: 78.0
    On the Notion "Type of Language" Petr Sgall It is well known that the high frequency of terminological vagueness and confusion has been a serious obstacle ...
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  40. Bob Carpenter (1997). Type-Logical Semantics. Mit Press.score: 78.0
     
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  41. Barbara Hall Partee (2004). Compositionality in Formal Semantics: Selected Papers of Barbara Partee. Blackwell Pub..score: 78.0
     
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  42. Jan M. G. Aarts (1979). Metaphor and Non-Metaphor: The Semantics of Adjective Noun Combinations. Niemeyer.score: 78.0
     
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  43. Stephen Berman (1994). On the Semantics of Wh-Clauses. Garland Pub..score: 78.0
     
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  44. Herbert H. Clark (1976). Semantics and Comprehension. Mouton.score: 78.0
     
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  45. Jean Mark Gawron (1988). Lexical Representations and the Semantics of Complementation. Garland Pub..score: 78.0
     
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  46. David Testen, Veena Mishra & Joseph Drogo (eds.) (1984). Papers From the Parasession on Lexical Semantics. Chicago Linguistic Society.score: 78.0
     
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  47. Paul Friedrich (1964). The Cross-Cultural Study of Semantic Structure. [Philadelphia?].score: 70.0
     
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  48. Charles B. Cross (2008). Antecedent-Relative Comparative World Similarity. Journal of Philosophical Logic 37 (2):101-120.score: 66.0
    In “Backward Causation and the Stalnaker–Lewis Approach to Counterfactuals,” Analysis 62:191–7, (2002), Michael Tooley argues that if a certain kind of backward causation is possible, then a Stalnaker–Lewis comparative world similarity account of the truth conditions of counterfactuals cannot be sound. In “Tooley on Backward Causation,” Analysis 63:157–62, (2003), Paul Noordhof argues that Tooley’s example can be reconciled with a Stalnaker–Lewis account of counterfactuals if the comparative world similarity relation on which the Stalnaker–Lewis account relies is allowed to (...)
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  49. Wesley H. Holliday & Thomas F. Icard (forthcoming). Measure Semantics and Qualitative Semantics for Epistemic Modals. Proceedings of SALT 23.score: 66.0
    In this paper, we explore semantics for comparative epistemic modals that avoid the entailment problems shown to result from Kratzer’s (1991) semantics by Yalcin (2006, 2009, 2010). In contrast to the alternative semantics presented by Yalcin and Lassiter (2010, 2011), based on finitely additive probability measures, we introduce semantics based on qualitatively additive measures, as well as semantics based on purely qualitative orderings, including orderings on propositions derived from orderings on worlds in the tradition of Kratzer (1991). All of (...)
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