Search results for 'Sentience' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stephen Puryear (forthcoming). Sentience, Rationality, and Moral Status: A Further Reply to Hsiao. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-8.
    Timothy Hsiao argues that animals lack moral status because they lack the sort of higher-level rationality required for membership in the moral community. Stijn Bruers and László Erdős have already raised a number of objections to this argument, to which Hsiao has replied with some success. But I think a stronger critique can be made. Here I raise further objections to three aspects of Hsiao's view: his conception of the moral community, his idea of root capacities grounded in one's nature, (...)
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  2. Mohan P. Matthen (2004). Features, Places, and Things: Reflections on Austen Clark's Theory of Sentience. Philosophical Psychology 17 (4):497-518.
    The paper argues that material objects are the primary referents of visual states -- not places, as Austen Clark would have it in his A Theory of Sentience.
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  3.  64
    Nicholas Maxwell (2001). Evolution of Sentience, Consciousness and Language Viewed From a Darwinian and Purposive Perspective. In From The Human World in the Physical Universe: Consciousness, Free Will and Evolution, ch. 7. Rowman and Littlefield 162-201.
    In this article I give a Darwinian account of how sentience, consciousness and language may have evolved. It is argued that sentience and consciousness emerge as brains control purposive actions in new ways. A key feature of this account is that Darwinian theory is interpreted so as to do justice to the purposive character of living things. According to this interpretation, as evolution proceeds, purposive actions play an increasingly important role in the mechanisms of evolution until, with evolution (...)
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  4. Lisa Bortolotti & John Harris (2005). Stem Cell Research, Personhood and Sentience. Reproductive Biomedicine Online 10:68-75.
    In this paper the permissibility of stem cell research on early human embryos is defended. It is argued that, in order to have moral status, an individual must have an interest in its own wellbeing. Sentience is a prerequisite for having an interest in avoiding pain, and personhood is a prerequisite for having an interest in the continuation of one's own existence. Early human embryos are not sentient and therefore they are not recipients of direct moral consideration. Early human (...)
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  5.  11
    Andrew Linzey (2004). 'The Powers That Be': Mechanisms That Prevent Us Recognising Animal Sentience. Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):1-15.
    I propose to identify and illustrate what might be described as ‘the powers that be’ – four mechanisms that prevent us from recognising sentience in animals, and to indicate the challenges that should follow for future work in this field.
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  6.  80
    Austen Clark (2000). A Theory of Sentience. New York: Oxford University Press.
  7. John Pickering (ed.) (1990). From Sentience To Symbols. Buffalo: University of Toronto Press.
  8.  48
    G. Berger (1987). On the Structure of Visual Sentience. Synthese 71 (June):355-70.
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  9.  37
    Joseph Levine (2004). Thoughts on Sensory Representation: A Commentary on Austen Clark's a Theory of Sentience. Philosophical Psychology 17 (4):541-551.
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  10.  23
    Robert Kirk (1986). Sentience, Causation and Some Robots. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (September):308-21.
  11.  19
    Wallace I. Matson (1976). Sentience. University of California Press.
    1 Strange words to come from the father of materialism, a philosophy that might be self-evidently true if only there were no people. ..
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  12.  7
    R. J. Hirst (1966). Sentience and Mr Myers. Mind 75 (January):122-124.
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  13.  9
    Andrew Linzey (2006). What Prevents Us From Recognizing Animal Sentience? In Jacky Turner & Joyce D'Silva (eds.), Animals, Ethics, and Trade: The Challenge of Animal Sentience. Earthscan 68.
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  14.  9
    Frederik Kaufman (1994). Machines, Sentience, and the Scope of Morality. Environmental Ethics 16 (1):57-70.
    Environmental philosophers are often concerned to show that non-sentient things, such as plants or ecosystems, have interests and therefore are appropriate objects of moral concern. They deny that mentality is a necessary condition for having interests. Yet they also deny that they are committed to recognizing interests in things like machines. I argue that either machines have interests (and hence moral standing) too or mentality is a necessary condition for inclusion within the purview of morality. I go on to argue (...)
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  15.  32
    David J. Cole, Sense and Sentience.
    Surely one of the most interesting problems in the study of mind concerns the nature of sentience. How is it that there are sensations, rather than merely sensings? What is it like to be a bat -- or why is it like anything at all? Why aren't we automata or responding but unfeeling Zombies? How does neural activity give rise to subjective experience? As Leibniz put the problem : _It must be confessed, however, that Perception_ [consciousness?]_, and that which (...)
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  16.  7
    Patrick Holden (2006). Respecting Animal Sentience in Organic Farming. In Jacky Turner & Joyce D'Silva (eds.), Animals, Ethics, and Trade: The Challenge of Animal Sentience. Earthscan 175.
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  17.  8
    Louis-Jacques van Bogaert (2004). Sentience and Moral Standing. South African Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):292-301.
    This article deals with the concept of sentience, and more specifically with the argument from sentience as it is used by utilitarians in the abortion debate and in the advocacy of animal rights. It is argued that sentience is more than feeling pleasure and pain (with empha sis on pain), and that pain is an inborn protection required to fit into the world rather than the substance of evil. S. Afr. J. Philos. Vol.23(3) 2004: 292-301.
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  18.  7
    Frederik Kaufman (1994). Machines, Sentience, and the Scope of Morality. Environmental Ethics 16 (1):57-70.
    Environmental philosophers are often concerned to show that non-sentient things, such as plants or ecosystems, have interests and therefore are appropriate objects of moral concern. They deny that mentality is a necessary condition for having interests. Yet they also deny that they are committed to recognizing interests in things like machines. I argue that either machines have interests (and hence moral standing) too or mentality is a necessary condition for inclusion within the purview of morality. I go on to argue (...)
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  19.  8
    Brian P. Keane (2008). On Representing Objects with a Language of Sentience. Philosophical Psychology 21 (1):113 – 127.
    In his book A Theory of Sentience, Austen Clark argues that the content of sensory representations can be expressed as sentences constructed from a language of sentience. Such sentences specify that a determinate feature obtains in a particular space-time region, but the language's limited vocabulary prohibits the sentences from referring or attributing features to objects. In this paper, I show that this view is flawed in at least two ways. First, if sensation has the capacities that Clark and (...)
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  20.  23
    Robert C. Jones (2013). Science, Sentience, and Animal Welfare. Biology and Philosophy 28 (1):1-30.
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  21.  90
    Ron Chrisley (2014). Appearances Can Be Deceiving: Critical Notice of Consciousness and Robot Sentience. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 6 (1):13-20.
    Ron Chrisley, Int. J. Mach. Conscious., 06, 13 (2014). DOI: 10.1142/S1793843014400034.
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  22.  10
    Josh Milburn (2015). Not Only Humans Eat Meat: Companions, Sentience, and Vegan Politics. Journal of Social Philosophy 46 (4):449-462.
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  23. Gerald E. Myers (1963). Perception and the Sentience Hypothesis. Mind 72 (January):111-120.
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  24. Robert Kirk (1974). Sentience and Behaviour. Mind 83 (January):43-60.
  25.  10
    O. B. T. (1976). Sentience. Review of Metaphysics 30 (2):351-352.
  26.  54
    J. L. Bermudez (2002). Review: A Theory of Sentience. [REVIEW] Mind 111 (443):653-657.
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  27. John Pickering & Martin Skinner (eds.) (1990). From Sentience to Symbols: Readings on Consciousness. Harvester Wheatsheaf.
     
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  28.  57
    José Luis Bermúdez (2002). Review: A Theory of Sentience. [REVIEW] Mind 111 (443):653-657.
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  29.  52
    Susanna Siegel (2002). Review of A Theory of Sentience, by Austen Clark. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 111 (1).
    First, what it is for a sentient being to sense is for it to employ two distinct capacities: one for representing places-at-times; the other for representing "features" (60, cf. 70). Exercised together, the result is akin to feature-placing, which brings us to the second thesis: what sensory systems represent is that features are instantiated at place-times. Accordingly, sensory systems do not, for instance, attribute properties to objects, such as trees, tables, bodies, or persons (163).
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  30.  7
    Martin Pokorný (2012). Sentience, Awareness, Consciousness. Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19:51-63.
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  31. L. W. Sumner (forthcoming). The Criterion of Sentience. Bioethics: Readings and Cases.
     
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  32.  11
    Murray Shanahan (2014). Review of "Consciousness and Robot Sentience" by Pentti Haikonen. [REVIEW] International Journal of Machine Consciousness 6 (1):63-65.
    Murray Shanahan, Int. J. Mach. Conscious., 06, 63 (2014). DOI: 10.1142/S1793843014400101.
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  33.  18
    Norman Swartz (1975). Emergence and Materialist Theories of Sentience. World Futures 14 (3):241-267.
    CONTEMPORARY MATERIALIST theories of mind, viz. Causal Correspondence and Identity, are usually contrasted with several alleged historical competitors: Parallelism; Epiphenomenalism; Dual-aspect; and Emergence. What I shall here attempt to argue is that this last-mentioned theory, Emergence, is no competitor at all, but rather is a natural supplement to a materialist theory. I shall try to argue that there is a good case for saying that if, in particular, sensation-states are caused by or are identical to brain-states, then they are caused (...)
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  34.  24
    S. Siegel (2002). A Theory of Sentience. Philosophical Review 111 (1):135-138.
  35.  11
    Kathrine Elizabeth Lorena Johansson (2012). On Extended Sentience and Cross-Cultural Communication and How to Generate New Narratives of the Human Subject. Technoetic Arts 10 (2):269-275.
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  36.  17
    Shigeo Nagaoka (1996). Which Beings Deserve Ethical Consideration? – From the Sentience Criterion to the Life Criterion. Utilitas 8 (2):191.
    There are a variety of arguments regarding which entities on earth have intrinsic value and therefore deserve ethical consideration. The thesis that only human beings have intrinsic value has waned considerably in recent years, mainly thanks to the efforts of animal liberationists. There now seems to be wide agreement that ethical consideration should be extended to entities beyond human beings. Disagreements are concerned with how far it should be extended: to animals with similar capacities to humans, to all sentient beings, (...)
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  37.  22
    Stephen J. Noren (1973). Materialism, Sentience and Ontology. Metaphilosophy 4 (January):47-53.
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  38.  21
    Cecilia Wee (2005). Animal Sentience and Descartes's Dualism: Exploring the Implications of Baker and Morris's Views. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (4):611 – 626.
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  39.  6
    Pentti O. Haikonen (2014). Consciousness and Robot Sentience: A Response to My Reviewers. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 6 (1):71-74.
    Pentti O. Haikonen, Int. J. Mach. Conscious., 06, 71 (2014). DOI: 10.1142/S1793843014400125.
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  40.  19
    Moreland Perkins (1971). Sentience. Journal of Philosophy 68 (June):329-37.
  41.  13
    Peter Singer, Sense and Sentience.
    When a human embryo consists of not more than 64 cells, its cells are, like a young dog, able to learn new tricks. If injected into a diseased kidney, they take on many of the properties of ordinary kidney cells, and may help the kidney to perform its normal function. This seems to hold for any organ, even any kind of cell.
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  42.  2
    N. Ann Davis (1994). Interests and Sentience. Hastings Center Report 24 (6):36-37.
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  43.  14
    Gregory McCulloch (2002). A Theory of Sentience by Austen Clark, Oxford University Press, 2000. IX+288pp., £40 Cloth. [REVIEW] Philosophy 77 (1):125-141.
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  44.  12
    Peter Singer, Sense and Sentience the Guardian , August 21, 1999.
    This is exciting medical researchers because it means that, at least in theory, the cells from an early embryo could eliminate the need for organ transplants entirely, cure leukaemia, enable people with diabetes to manufacture insulin, treat Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease, and repair the nerve systems of quadriplegics. Though these prospects are still far from realisation, results achieved by Oliver Brustle at the University of Bonn Medical Centre have brought them a step closer. In an article published in Science on (...)
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  45.  11
    David E. Soles (1985). Sumner on Abortion: Sentience and Moral Standing. Dialogue 24 (04):683-.
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  46.  4
    Alain Ducharme (2014). Aristotle's Mark of Sentience. Apeiron 47 (3):293-309.
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  47.  5
    Meredith Williams (2002). A Theory of Sentience. International Philosophical Quarterly 42 (1):113-114.
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  48.  2
    Bonnie Steinbock (2011). Fetal Sentience and Women's Rights. Hastings Center Report 41 (6):49-49.
    A growing number of states have banned abortion after twenty weeks on the grounds that the fetus at that stage experiences pain. Such laws run contrary to current abortion law, and so are almost certain to be challenged in court. In Roe v. Wade the Supreme Court said that the constitutional right to abortion extends until the fetus is viable, between twenty-four and twenty-eight weeks. After viability, states may ban abortion entirely except where continuing the pregnancy would threaten the woman’s (...)
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  49.  7
    Joseph Margolis (1972). Transitive and Intransitive Modes of Sentience. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 32 (4):478-487.
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  50.  4
    D. C. Dennett (1977). Sentience. International Studies in Philosophy 9:182-183.
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