Search results for 'Sex discrimination against women' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. L. Baker (1998). Sex Discrimination Against Part-Time Workers: The" Biggs" Issues for Women. Feminist Legal Studies 6:257-271.score: 1005.0
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  2. Rosemary Hunter (2002). Talking Up Equality: Women Barristers and the Denial of Discrimination. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 10 (2):113-130.score: 669.0
    This article examines the phenomenon of women barristers' denials of the existence of discrimination against women at the Bar, against a backdrop of widespread evidence of sex discrimination and gender bias in this branch of the legal profession. Using interview transcripts from a research study of the status of women at one of the independent Bars in Australia, the article analyses the various stories told by senior women barristers to the interviewers about (...)
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  3. A. Santamaria, A. Merino, O. Vinas & P. Arrizabalaga (2009). Does Medicine Still Show an Unresolved Discrimination Against Women? Experience in Two European University Hospitals. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (2):104-106.score: 633.0
    Have invisible barriers for women been broken in 2007, or do we still have to break through medicine's glass ceiling? Data from two of the most prestigious university hospitals in Barcelona with 700-800 beds, Hospital Clínic (HC) and Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau (HSCSP) address this issue. In the HSCSP, 87% of the department chairs are men and 85% of the department unit chiefs are also men. With respect to women, only 5 (13%) are in (...)
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  4. Jami L. Anderson (2009). Bodily Privacy, Toilets, and Sex Discrimination: The Problem of "Manhood" in a Women's Prison. In Olga Gershenson Barbara Penner (ed.), Ladies and Gents.score: 481.5
    Unjustifiable assumptions about sex and gender roles, the untamable potency of maleness, and gynophobic notions about women's bodies inform and influence a broad range of policy-making institutions in this society. In December 2004, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit continued this ignoble cultural pastime when they decided Everson v. Michigan Department of Corrections. In this decision, the Everson Court accepted the Michigan Department of Correction's claim that “the very manhood” of male prison guards both threatens the (...)
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  5. Stephen Kershnar (2007). For Discrimination Against Women. Law and Philosophy 26 (6):589 - 625.score: 438.8
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  6. Brenda M. Baker (1998). Women's Inequality and the Retreat From the Welfare State: Downloading and Discrimination Against Women. Dialogue 37 (04):719-.score: 438.8
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  7. John F. Quinn (1988). Business Ethics, Fetal Protection Policies, and Discrimination Against Women in the Workplace. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 7 (3/4):3-27.score: 438.8
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  8. Christien van den Anker (2006). Trafficking and Women's Rights: Beyond the Sex Industry to 'Other Industries'. Journal of Global Ethics 2 (2):163 – 182.score: 438.0
    In this article I put forward three lines of argument. Firstly, the current debate on trafficking in human beings focuses narrowly on exploitation in the sex industry. This has produced a stand-off between moralists and liberals which is detrimental to developing strategies to combat trafficking. Moreover, this narrow focus leads to missing out the large numbers of women who are trafficked into other industries. It also masks some of the root causes of trafficking. In this article I therefore compare (...)
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  9. R. Landau (2008). Sex Selection for Social Purposes in Israel: Quest for the "Perfect Child" of a Particular Gender or Centuries Old Prejudice Against Women? Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):e10-e10.score: 427.5
  10. Dana C. Jack & Jill Astbury (2014). Overcoming Discrimination, Persecution, and Violence Against Women. In Elena Mustakova-Possardt (ed.), Toward a Socially Responsible Psychology for a Global Era. Springer. 207--229.score: 427.5
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  11. E. Fox-Genovese (1995). Beyond Autonomy: Sex, Repression, and Violence Against Women. Common Knowledge 4:64-71.score: 427.5
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  12. Josefina Figueira-McDonough, Ann Nichols-Casebolt & F. Ellen Netting (eds.) (1998). The Role of Gender in Practice Knowledge: Claiming Half the Human Experience. Garland Pub..score: 420.0
    Feminist critiques of the social sciences are based on the assumption that because the social sciences were developed for the most part by white, middle-class, Western men, the perspectives of women were ignored. This book offers an approach for integrating gender-related content into the social work curriculum. The distinguished contributors discuss the shortcoming of dominant knowledge, address the pressing need for a gender-integrated curriculum, consider the pedagogies consistent with the implementation of an integrate curriculum, address specific areas in social (...)
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  13. Sumi Madhok, Anne Phillips & Kalpana Wilson (eds.) (2013). Gender, Agency, and Coercion. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 420.0
    This collection aims to think critically about agency and explore the relationship between agency and coercion in greater depth. In academic, activist, and policy circles alike, feminist work has re-focused attention onto women as agents rather than as passive victims of overwhelming structures of male institutional power, or less capable of exercising agency by virtue of their class, race, gender or culture. These broadly positive moves are not without risks. Most notably, they can encourage a triumphalist disregard for constraints (...)
     
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  14. Herta Nagl-Docekal (2004). Feminist Philosophy. Westview Press.score: 412.0
    Are we in a post-feminist era? Has the term, feminist, grown out of its resisted stance? What from today's standpoint is an appropriate concept of feminist philosophy? And is it not the case that all people thinking democratically must share its central concern? In Feminist Philosophy , internationally acclaimed philosopher Herta Nagl-Docekal discusses and critiques the theories of today. Her study ranges across philosophical anthropology, aesthetics, philosophy of science, the critique of reason, political theory, and philosophy of law. Feminist Philosophy (...)
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  15. Kasumi Miyazaki (ed.) (2009). Sai o Ikiru: Aidentiti No Kyōkai o Toinaosu. Akashi Shoten.score: 408.0
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  16. Madeline E. Heilman (1997). Sex Discrimination and the Affirmative Action Remedy: The Role of Sex Stereotypes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (9):877-889.score: 288.0
    This paper explores the psychological phenomena of sex stereotypes and their consequences for the occurrence of sex discrimination in work settings. Differential conceptions of the attributes of women and men are shown to extend to women and men managers, and the lack of fit model is used to explain how stereotypes about women can detrimentally affect their career progress. Commonly-occurring organizational conditions which facilitate the use of stereotypes in personnel decision making are identified and, lastly, data (...)
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  17. Ben Saunders (2010). Sex Discrimination, Gender Balance, Justice and Publicity in Admissions. Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (1):59-71.score: 288.0
    This paper examines the problem of selecting a number of candidates to receive a good (admission) from a pool in which there are more qualified applicants than places. I observe that it is rarely possible to order all candidates according to some relevant criterion, such as academic merit, since these standards are inevitably somewhat vague. This means that we are often faced with the task of making selections between near-enough equal candidates. I survey one particular line of response, which says (...)
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  18. Ruth M. Mestre I. Mestre (2011). La ciudadanía de las mujeres: El espacio de las necesidades a la Luz Del derecho antidiscriminatorio Y la participación política. Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 45:147-166.score: 288.0
    The actual “crisis of care” in western societies highlights the limits of a sex/gender based citizenship and the persistence of the subordination of women. The fact that women are responsible for the provision of care in domestic units has never been a matter of difference but a matter of subordination against which we have developed legal strategies, such as anti-discrimination law, and political strategies, such as increasing the presence of women in decision-making. The paper shows (...)
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  19. Rosemary King (2006). Is It Time for a Progress Report on Violence Against Women in Ghana? Human Rights Review 7 (2):75-97.score: 288.0
    Ghana, like many African countries, continues to grapple with domestic violence issues. Ghana's 1992 Constitution mandates provisions that should eradicate the scourge of violence against women and children. In this paper, two main questions are asked. First, will the 1992 Constitution ultimately lead to victories over discrimination and violence against Ghanaian women? Second, has progress been made in eradicating violence against women in Ghana to date? In that regard, have governmental and non-governmental organizations (...)
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  20. Nancy B. Kurland (2001). The Impact of Legal Age Discrimination on Women in Professional Occupations. Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (2):331-348.score: 285.0
    This paper describes how anticipated age discrimination in the form of disparate treatment induces behavior that in effectconstitutes gender discrimination. Potential employers often exhibit a common pattern of behavior that acts to discriminate against older workers entering a specific workplace. Women, at a decision-making point early in their lives, are aware of this pattern of discrimination. They perceive that it is important for them to establish their careers before they have a family because it will (...)
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  21. Aistė Akstinienė (2013). Reservations to Human Rights Treaties: Problematic Aspects Related to Gender Issues. Jurisprudence 20 (2):451-468.score: 263.3
    In this article the author analyses specific reservations that are being done to the international documents for the protection of human rights and whether Vienna Convention on the Law of the Treaties applies to those human rights treaties or not. Also, the author analyses if reservations, which are incompatible with object and purpose of the treaty, can be done or not and what consequences they might bring. For this reason the author describes the practice of the state members under the (...)
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  22. Nicholas Bamforth (ed.) (2005). Sex Rights: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2002. OUP Oxford.score: 258.0
    Discrimination due to gender and sexual orientation tends nowadays to be prohibited under international human rights instruments, as well as under the national laws of many countries that express their commitment to defending human rights. Nonetheless, as the work of Amnesty International has shown, violence against women (whatever their sexual orientation), gay men, trans-gendered and transsexual persons remains an appallingly constant phenomenon, both in countries that have an official commitment to fighting these forms of discrimination and (...)
     
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  23. Farrell & James P. Sterba (2008). Does Feminism Discriminate Against Men?: A Debate. OUP USA.score: 240.0
    Does feminism give a much-needed voice to women in a patriarchal world? Or is the world not really patriarchal? Has feminism begun to level the playing field in a world in which women are more often paid less at work and abused at home? Or are women paid equally for the same work and not abused more at home? Does feminism support equality in education and in the military, or does it discriminate against men by ignoring (...)
     
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  24. Linda Lemoncheck (1998). Loose Women, Lecherous Men: A Feminist Philosophy of Sex. Philosophical Studies 89 (2-3):369-373.score: 238.5
    Linda LeMoncheck introduces a new way of thinking and talking about women's sexual pleasures, preferences, and desires. Using the tools of contemporary analytic philosophy, she discusses methods for mediating the tensions among apparently irreconcilable feminist perspectives on women's sexuality and shows how a feminist epistemology and ethic can advance the dialogue in women's sexuality across a broad political spectrum. She argues that in order to capture the diversity and complexity of women's sexual experience, women's sexuality (...)
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  25. Devonne Brandys (2011). Globalization's Siren Call: Perpetuating Sex Trafficking of Women in the Third World. The Lyceum 1 (1):41-53.score: 238.5
    This current wave of globalization is perpetuating the sex trade in the form of human trafficking by providing new, cheaper and easier methods for enabling the movement of humans across borders and markets. Examines the the causes and consequences of human trafficking as well as the specific movements that have taken action against this ever-growing and changing market.
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  26. Nancy Bauer (2001). Being-with as Being-Against: Heidegger Meets Hegel in the Second Sex. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 34 (2):129-149.score: 216.0
    In this paper I attempt to further the case, made in recent years by Eva Gothlin, that readers interested in a philosophical return to Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex have good reason to heed Beauvoir's appropriation of central concepts from Heidegger's Being and Time. I speculate about why readers have been hesitant to acknowledge Heidegger's influence on Beauvoir and show that her infrequent though, I argue, important use of the Heideggarian neologism Mitsein in The Second Sex makes inadequate sense (...)
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  27. Wendy Rogers, Angela Ballantyne & Heather Draper (2007). Is Sex-Selective Abortion Morally Justified and Should It Be Prohibited? Bioethics 21 (9):520–524.score: 216.0
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  28. Jeffrey Gauthier (2011). Prostitution, Sexual Autonomy, and Sex Discrimination. Hypatia 26 (1):166 - 186.score: 211.5
    Feminist critics of the stigmatization of prostitution such as Martha Nussbaum and Sybil Schwarzenbach argue that the features of the practice do not, or at least need not, differ essentially from those of other more respected sorts of labor. I argue that even the least degraded forms of the current practice of prostitution remain objectionable on feminist grounds because patrons demand a semblance of sexual self-expression that engages discriminatory beliefs about women's sexuality.
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  29. Dianne Chisholm (1993). Violence Against Violence Against Women. In Arthur Kroker & Marilouise Kroker (eds.), The Last Sex: Feminism and Outlaw Bodies. St. Martin's Press. 28--66.score: 211.5
     
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  30. Douglas A. Hicks (2002). Gender, Discrimination, and Capability: Insights From Amartya Sen. Journal of Religious Ethics 30 (1):137 - 154.score: 202.5
    This essay critically examines economist and philosopher Amartya Sen's writings as a potential resource in religious ethicists' efforts to analyze discrimination against girls and women and to address their well-being and agency. Delineating how Sen's discussions of "missing women" and "gender and cooperative conflict" fit within his "capability approach" to economic and human development, the article explores how Sen's methodology employs empirical analysis toward normative ends. Those ends expand the capability of girls and women to (...)
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  31. Rosalyn Diprose (1994). The Bodies of Women: Ethics, Embodiment, and Sexual Difference. Routledge.score: 198.0
    In The Bodies of Women , Rosalyn Diprose argues that traditional approaches to ethics both perpetuate and remain blind to the mechanisms of the subordination of women. She shows that injustice against women begins in the ways that social discourses and practices place women's embodied existence as improper and secondary to men. She intervenes into debates about sexual difference, ethics, philosophies of the body and theories of self in order to develop a new ethics which (...)
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  32. Elsje Bonthuys (2006). Women's Sexuality in the South African Constitutional Court. Feminist Legal Studies 14 (3):391-406.score: 198.0
    In 2002 the constitutionality of the Sexual Offences Act, which criminalizes the behaviour of sex workers but fails to punish their clients, was at issue in the South African Constitutional Court. The majority of the Court held that the legislation does not constitute indirect discrimination on the basis of gender. The minority judgment found indirect gender discrimination, but held that the legislation did not infringe upon sex workers’ rights to dignity and privacy. This note argues that the reasoning (...)
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  33. Peter Singer (1989). All Animals Are Equal. In Tom Regan & Peter Singer (eds.), Animal Rights and Human Obligations. Oxford University Press. 215--226.score: 192.0
    In recent years a number of oppressed groups have campaigned vigorously for equality. The classic instance is the Black Liberation movement, which demands an end to the prejudice and discrimination that has made blacks second-class citizens. The immediate appeal of the black liberation movement and its initial, if limited, success made it a model for other oppressed groups to follow. We became familiar with liberation movements for Spanish-Americans, gay people, and a variety of other minorities. When a majority group— (...)—began their campaign, some thought we had come to the end of the road. Discrimination on the basis of sex, it has been said, is the last universally accepted form of discrimination, practiced without secrecy or pretense even in those liberal circles that have long prided themselves on their freedom from prejudice against racial minorities. (shrink)
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  34. Myrtle P. Bell, Mary E. Mclaughlin & Jennifer M. Sequeira (2002). Discrimination, Harassment, and the Glass Ceiling: Women Executives as Change Agents. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 37 (1):65 - 76.score: 192.0
    In this article, we discuss the relationships between discrimination, harassment, and the glass ceiling, arguing that many of the factors that preclude women from occupying executive and managerial positions also foster sexual harassment. We suggest that measures designed to increase numbers of women in higher level positions will reduce sexual harassment. We first define and discuss discrimination, harassment, and the glass ceiling, relationships between each, and relevant legislation. We next discuss the relationships between gender and sexual (...)
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  35. A. Char (2010). Islam: The Test of Globalization. Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (3-4):295-307.score: 192.0
    Globalization has consequences for the religious sphere, but it does not constitute a break with the previous situation. It constitutes rather an acceleration of a process begun with the birth of nation-states. The impact of the values of modernity is general, since even those in power, whatever their tendency, invoke values of democracy, progress, freedom and justice, whereas submission is what was required of subjects. Nevertheless, people today look to religion for fixed reference points, because of the brutal transition from (...)
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  36. Jeroen Luyten, Bart Engelen & Philippe Beutels (2014). The Sexual Ethics of HPV Vaccination for Boys. HEC Forum 26 (1):27-42.score: 192.0
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. It is a leading cause of cervical cancer in women but the virus is increasingly being linked to several other cancers in men and women alike. Since the introduction of safe and effective but also expensive vaccines, many developed countries have implemented selective vaccination programs for girls. Some however argue that these programs should be expanded to include boys, since (1) HPV constitutes non-negligible health risks for (...)
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  37. Nikala Lane & Andrew Crane (2002). Revisiting Gender Role Stereotyping in the Sales Profession. Journal of Business Ethics 40 (2):121 - 132.score: 184.5
    This paper revisits the issue of gender stereotypes in sales professions given new views of what makes for effective sales performance and sales management. Women's continued disadvantaged position in the sales profession is documented, and the role of gender role stereotypes in sustaining this situation in the profession is examined. The paper then turns to the newly emerging, ostensibly "pro-female", view of sales. This emphasises the importance of building and sustaining relationships – qualities that women have traditionally been (...)
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  38. Céline León (2008). The Neither/nor of the Second Sex: Kierkegaard on Women, Sexual Difference, and Sexual Relations. Mercer University Press.score: 183.0
    The aesthetic -- The ethical -- The no woman's land of Kierkegaardian exceptions -- The religious.
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  39. María Del Carmen Triana, Kwanghyun Kim & María Fernanda García (2011). To Help or Not to Help? Personal Value for Diversity Moderates the Relationship Between Discrimination Against Minorities and Citizenship Behavior Toward Minorities. Journal of Business Ethics 102 (2):333-342.score: 174.0
    Using the scope of justice perspective (Deutsch in J Soc Issues 31(3):137–149, 1975 ; Opotow in Conflict, cooperation, and justice: essays inspired by the work of Morton Deutsch, 1995 , J Soc Issues 52:19–24, 1996 ), we examined whether and how the relationship between perceived discrimination against minorities at work (i.e., racial minorities and females) and citizenship behavior toward minorities can be modified by personal value for diversity. Based on a survey of 173 employees, unexpectedly, we found a (...)
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  40. Donald Hubin (2004). Review of Timothy Macklem, Beyond Comparison: Sex and Discrimination. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (5).score: 174.0
  41. Barbara Holland-Cunz (2005). Die Regierung des Wissens: Wissenschaft, Politik Und Geschlecht in der "Wissensgesellschaft". Barbara Budrich.score: 171.0
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  42. Vanchai Ariyabuddhiphongs & Saowanee Buaphoon (2013). Mother-Daughter Relationships and an Attitude Against Premarital Sex: The Mediating Effect of Buddhist Five Precepts. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 35 (2):193-212.score: 168.0
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  43. Betsy Worth Estes, Louise Brightwell Miller & Mary Ellen Curtin (1962). Supplementary Report: Monetary Incentive and Motivation in Discrimination Learning--Sex Differences. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (3):320.score: 168.0
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  44. Dan W. Brock, Health Care Resource Prioritization and Discrimination Against Persons with Disabilities.score: 162.0
    In 1990 the landmark Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became federal law with the express purpose to “establish a clear and comprehensive national mandate for the elimination of discrimination against individuals with disabilities."l The act includes separate titles prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, public services, transportation and public accommodations. Since it prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in both public and private services and programs, in health care “it applies to programs (...)
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  45. P. Andiappan, M. Reavley & S. Silver (1990). Discrimination Against Pregnant Employees: An Analysis of Arbitration and Human Rights Tribunal Decisions in Canada. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 9 (2):143 - 149.score: 162.0
    Recent arbitration and human rights boards of inquiry cases involving discrimination against pregnant employees are reviewed. A comparison is made between remedies available under each procedure. It is suggested that the human resource managers review their policies and procedures relevant to this issue to ensure that they do not have the effect or intent of discriminating against pregnant employees.
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  46. Lisa Aronson Fontes (2004). Articles: Ethics in Violence Against Women Research: The Sensitive, the Dangerous, and the Overlooked. Ethics and Behavior 14 (2):141 – 174.score: 162.0
    Traditional disciplinary guidelines are inadequate to address some of the ethical dilemmas that emerge when conducting research on violence against women and girls. This article is organized according to the ethical principles of respect for persons, privacy and confidentiality, justice, beneficence, and nonmaleficence. In the article, I describe dilemmas involved in cross-cultural research, research on children, informed consent, voluntariness, coercion, deception, safety, mandated reporting, and dissemination. In the article, I include examples from qualitative and quantitative studies in many (...)
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  47. Sonya Charles (2011). Obstetricians and Violence Against Women. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (12):51-56.score: 162.0
    I argue that the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), as an organization and through its individual members, can and should be a far greater ally in the prevention of violence against women. Specifically, I argue that we need to pay attention to obstetrical practices that inadvertently contribute to the problem of violence against women. While intimate partner violence is a complex phenomenon, I focus on the coercive control of women and adherence to oppressive (...)
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  48. Sheila Dauer & Mayra Gomez (2006). Violence Against Women and Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Africa. Human Rights Review 7 (2):49-58.score: 162.0
    International human rights treaties and declarations lay out the interconnection of civil and political rights with economic, social, and cultural rights. However, it was not until 1993 at the 2nd UN Conference on Human Rights in Vienna that governments agreed that all of women’s rights are an integral part of human rights. Promoting women’s economic, social, and cultural rights is a critical human rights advocacy issue. Poverty leaves women more exposed to violence and less able to escape (...)
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  49. Shannon Drysdale Walsh (2009). Engendering Justice: Constructing Institutions to Address Violence Against Women. Studies in Social Justice 2 (1):48-66.score: 162.0
    This paper addresses how states improve their responsiveness to violence against women in developing countries with little political will and few resources to do so. One key to engendering justice and improving responsiveness is building specialized institutions within the state that facilitate the implementation of laws addressing violence against women. Why and how do states engage in institution-building to protect marginalized populations in these contexts? I propose that developing countries are more likely to create and maintain (...)
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