Search results for 'Sex role' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mary B. Mahowald (1987). Sex-Role Stereotypes in Medicine. Hypatia 2 (2):21 - 38.score: 180.0
    I argue for compatibility between feminism and medicine by developing a model of the physician-other relationship which is essentially egalitarian. This entails rejection of (a) a paternalistic model which reinforces sex-role stereotypes, (b) a maternalistic model which exclusively emphasizes patient autonomy, and (c) a model which focuses on the physician's conscience. The model I propose (parentalism) captures the complexity and dynamism of the physician-other relationship, by stressing mutuality in respect for autonomy and regard for each other's interests.
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  2. Stephen D. Salamone (1987). Tradition and Gender: The Nikokyrio: The Economics of Sex Role Complementarity in Rural Greece. Ethos 15 (2):203-225.score: 150.0
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  3. William Ickes (1985). Sex-Role Influences on Compatibility in Relationships. In. In W. J. Ickes (ed.), Compatible and Incompatible Relationships. Springer-Verlag. 187--208.score: 150.0
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  4. Susan B. Kaiser, Howard G. Schutz & Joan L. Chandler (2008). Cultural Codes and Sex Role Ideology. American Journal of Semiotics 5 (1):13 - 33.score: 150.0
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  5. Olio Center (1987). Mary B. Mahowald Sex-Role Stereotypes In Medicine. Hypatia 2 (2).score: 150.0
  6. Dawn R. Elm, Ellen J. Kennedy & Leigh Lawton (2001). Determinants of Moral Reasoning: Sex Role Orientation, Gender, and Academic Factors. Business and Society 40 (3):241-265.score: 150.0
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  7. Merle Froschl (1973). It's Never Too Early: Sex-Role Stereotyping in the Pre-School Years. Colloquy 6 (9):16-18.score: 150.0
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  8. Helen Hardacre (forthcoming). Sex-Role Norms and Values in Reiyukai. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies.score: 150.0
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  9. Barbara J. Kaplan & Barbara S. Plake (2006). The Effects of Sex‐Role Orientation and Cognitive Skill on Mathematics Achievement. Educational Studies 7 (2):123-131.score: 150.0
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  10. David R. Massey & Carol A. Christensen (1990). Student Teacher Attitudes to Sex Role Stereotyping: Some Australian Data. Educational Studies 16 (2):95-107.score: 150.0
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  11. Charles P. Thompson (1982). Diary-Keeping as a Sex-Role Behavior. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (1):11-13.score: 150.0
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  12. Madeline E. Heilman (1997). Sex Discrimination and the Affirmative Action Remedy: The Role of Sex Stereotypes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (9):877-889.score: 144.0
    This paper explores the psychological phenomena of sex stereotypes and their consequences for the occurrence of sex discrimination in work settings. Differential conceptions of the attributes of women and men are shown to extend to women and men managers, and the lack of fit model is used to explain how stereotypes about women can detrimentally affect their career progress. Commonly-occurring organizational conditions which facilitate the use of stereotypes in personnel decision making are identified and, lastly, data are provided demonstrating the (...)
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  13. Erika Milam, Roberta L. Millstein, Angela Potochnik & Joan Roughgarden (2011). Sex and Sensibility: The Role of Social Selection. Metascience 20 (2):253-277.score: 144.0
    Sex and sensibility: The role of social selection Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9464-6 Authors Erika L. Milam, Department of History, University of Maryland, 2115 Francis Scott Key Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA Roberta L. Millstein, Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Angela Potochnik, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210374, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA Joan E. Roughgarden, Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5020, USA Journal Metascience (...)
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  14. J. Aguirre (2013). Habermas' Account of the Role of Religion in the Public Sphere A Response to Cristina Lafont's Critiques Through an Illustrative Political Debate About Same-Sex Marriage. Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (7):637-673.score: 144.0
    This article is meant as a response to Cristina Lafont’s critiques of Habermas’ view of religion’s role in the public sphere. For Lafont, the burdens that Habermas places on secular citizens, by requiring them to avoid secularism, may entail dangerous consequences for a correct understanding of the concept of deliberative democracy. For this reason, she presents a proposal of her own in which no citizen, whether religious or secular, has the obligation to engage in a way of thinking alien (...)
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  15. Gary B. Rollman (1997). Sex Differences in Pain Do Exist: The Role of Biological and Psychosocial Factors. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):464-465.score: 144.0
    The evidence favoring sex differences in pain seems compelling (berkley). This commentary considers the role of such factors as anxiety, somatosensory amplification, and coping style in accounting for the differential response to pain in the laboratory and clinic, and emphasizes the need to base evaluation and treatment upon individual reports rather than gender-based stereotypes.
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  16. Deborah S. Mower (2009). Sex Differences in Moral Interests: The Role of Kinship and the Nature of Reciprocity. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (1):111-119.score: 138.0
    Although moral psychologists and feminist moral theorists emphasize males’ interest in justice or fairness and females’ interest in care or empathy, recent work in evolutionary psychology links females’ interests in care and empathy for others with interests in fairness and equality. In an important work on sex differences in cognitive abilities, David Geary (1998) argues that the evolutionary mechanism of sexual selection drives the evolution of particular cognitive abilities and selection for particular interests. I mount two main challenges to Geary’s (...)
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  17. Carroll Smith-Rosenberg (forthcoming). The Hysterical Woman: Sex Roles and Role Conflict in 19th-Century America. Social Research.score: 130.0
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  18. Carroll Smith Rosenberg (1972). The Hysterical Woman: Sex Roles and Role Conflict in 19th-Century America. Social Research 39:652-678.score: 130.0
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  19. Douglas T. Kenrick & Alicia Barr (1998). Testosterone's Role in Dominance, Sex, and Aggression: Why so Controversial? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):379-380.score: 126.0
    Testosterone's connection to sex differences and key evolutionary processes arouses controversy. Effects on humans and other species, though, are not robotically deterministic but are parts of complex interactions. We discuss the societal implications of these findings and consider how the naturalistic fallacy and the person–situation dichotomy contribute to misunderstandings here.
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  20. Dominic Dp Johnson & Mark van Vugt (2009). A History of War: The Role of Inter-Group Conflict in Sex Differences in Aggression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):280 - 281.score: 126.0
    Human aggression has two important dimensions: within-group aggression and between-group aggression. Archer offers an excellent treatment of the former only. A full explanation of sex differences in aggression will fail without accounting for our history of inter-group aggression, which has deep evolutionary roots and specific psychological adaptations. The causes and consequences of inter-group aggression are dramatically different for males and females.
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  21. Robert F. Card (2007). Response to Commentators on "Conscientious Objection and Emergency Contraception": Sex, Drugs and the Rocky Role of Levonorgestrel. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):W4 – W6.score: 120.0
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  22. Charles Crawford (1989). Sex Differences in Life Histories: The Role of Sexual Selection and Mate Choice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):18.score: 120.0
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  23. Lisa D. Brooks (1990). The Role of Sex The Evolution of Sex. Nobel Conference XXIII George Stevens Robert Bellig. BioScience 40 (3):212-213.score: 120.0
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  24. V. Gavalas, K. Rontos & N. Nagopoulos (forthcoming). Sex Ratio at Birth in Twenty-First Century Greece: The Role of Ethnic and Social Groups. Journal of Biosocial Science:1-13.score: 120.0
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  25. Denise Réaume (2005). Comparing Theories of Sex Discrimination: The Role of Comparison. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 25 (3):547-564.score: 120.0
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  26. Lisa D. Brooks (1990). The Role of Sex. BioScience 40 (3):212-213.score: 120.0
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  27. Marian C. Diamond (1985). A Possible Role of Sex Steroid Hormones in Determining Immune Deficiency Differences Between the Sexes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (3):447-448.score: 120.0
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  28. N. Dusitsin (1996). The Role of Sex in the Buddhist World. Global Bioethics 9 (1-4):111-115.score: 120.0
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  29. James A. Gould, Why Pornography is Valuable & Taking Sides (1991). Obscenity, the Role of Sex, and Social Responsibility. Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):53-55.score: 120.0
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  30. S. Blaffer Hrdy (1996). The Primate Origins of Female Sexuality, and Their Implications for the Role of Non-Conceptive Sex in the Reproductive Strategies of Women. Global Bioethics 9 (1-4):31-47.score: 120.0
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  31. Dan O'Brien (forthcoming). Hume's Naturalistic Approach is Encapsulated in the Few Passages Where Hewrites About Love and Sex. There, in Microcosm, We Have His Holistic Treatment of Cognition, Morality and Religion. Thus, in Exploring Hume's Account of Sexual Attraction, I Shall Clarify Certain Notions That Are Integral to Hume's World View. These Include Projection, the Role of the Passions, and Our Animal Nature. [REVIEW] Philosophical Frontiers: Essays and Emerging Thoughts.score: 120.0
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  32. Mengieng Ung, Godfred O. Boateng, Frederick A. Armah, Jonathan A. Amoyaw, Isaac Luginaah & Vincent Kuuire (2014). Negotiation for Safer Sex Among Married Women in Cambodia: The Role of Women's Autonomy. Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (1):90-106.score: 120.0
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  33. John Archer (2009). Does Sexual Selection Explain Human Sex Differences in Aggression? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):249-266.score: 102.0
    I argue that the magnitude and nature of sex differences in aggression, their development, causation, and variability, can be better explained by sexual selection than by the alternative biosocial version of social role theory. Thus, sex differences in physical aggression increase with the degree of risk, occur early in life, peak in young adulthood, and are likely to be mediated by greater male impulsiveness, and greater female fear of physical danger. Male variability in physical aggression is consistent with an (...)
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  34. Beverly Kracher, Abha Chatterjee & Arlene R. Lundquist (2002). Factors Related to the Cognitive Moral Development of Business Students and Business Professionals in India and the United States: Nationality, Education, Sex and Gender. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 35 (4):255 - 268.score: 96.0
    This research focuses on the similarities and differences in the cognitive moral development of business professionals and graduate business students in two countries, India and the United States. Factors that potentially influence cognitive moral development, namely, culture, education, sex and gender are analyzed and discussed. Implications for ethics education in graduate business schools and professional associations are considered. Future research on the cognitive moral development of graduate business students and business professionals is recommended.
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  35. Judith Butler (1993/2011). Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex". Routledge.score: 90.0
    This book will be essential reading in feminism, cultural studies, philosophy and political theory.
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  36. Céline León (2008). The Neither/nor of the Second Sex: Kierkegaard on Women, Sexual Difference, and Sexual Relations. Mercer University Press.score: 90.0
    The aesthetic -- The ethical -- The no woman's land of Kierkegaardian exceptions -- The religious.
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  37. Shira Tarrant (2006). When Sex Became Gender. Routledge.score: 90.0
    This book is a study of post World War II feminist theory from the viewpoint of intellectual history. The key theme is that the social construction of gender has its origins in the feminist theorists of this period. This paradigm is a key foundational element to both second and third wave feminist thought. It will focus on the five key scholars of the period: Komarovsky, de Beauvoir, Mead, Klein and Herschberger. This has been a somewhat overlooked period in the development (...)
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  38. Beverly Kracher & Robert P. Marble (2008). The Significance of Gender in Predicting the Cognitive Moral Development of Business Practitioners Using the Sociomoral Reflection Objective Measure. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):503 - 526.score: 90.0
    This study constitutes a contribution to the discussion about moral reasoning in business. Kohlberg’s (1971, in Cognitive Development and Epistemology (Academic Press, New York), 1976, in Moral Development and Behavior: Theory and Research and Social Issues (Holt, Rienhart and Winston, New York)) cognitive moral development (CMD) theory is one explanation of moral reasoning. One unresolved debate on the topic of CMD is the charge that Kohlbergian-type CMD theory is gender biased. This research puts forth the proposal that the issue may (...)
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  39. Ayu Dwi Nindyati (2010). Peran Identitas Jenis Kelamin Sebagai Variabel Moderator Dalam Hubungan Antara Kebutuhan Berprestasi, Kebutuhan Berafiliasi Dan Kebutuhan Berkuasa Dengan Kinerja Karyawan. Phronesis 6 (11).score: 90.0
    This research was aimed to discover whether sex-role identity could play a significant role as moderating variable to the relation between McClleland’s needs of achievement, affiliation and power and employee’s performance. Subjects of this research were employees in scales division from a cosmetical company in Jakarta Following Baron and Kenny’s ideas, data was analyzed with two way analysis of variance. The main hypothesis in this research is moderating effect of sex role identity in how need of achievement, (...)
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  40. David C. Geary (1996). Sexual Selection and Sex Differences in Mathematical Abilities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (2):229.score: 90.0
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  41. David P. Schmitt (2005). Sociosexuality From Argentina to Zimbabwe: A 48-Nation Study of Sex, Culture, and Strategies of Human Mating. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):247-275.score: 84.0
    The Sociosexual Orientation Inventory (SOI; Simpson & Gangestad 1991) is a self-report measure of individual differences in human mating strategies. Low SOI scores signify that a person is sociosexually restricted, or follows a more monogamous mating strategy. High SOI scores indicate that an individual is unrestricted, or has a more promiscuous mating strategy. As part of the International Sexuality Description Project (ISDP), the SOI was translated from English into 25 additional languages and administered to a total sample of 14,059 people (...)
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  42. Wade C. Mackey (2000). Gender Roles, Traditions, and Generations to Come: The Collision of Competing Interests and the Feminist Paradox. Nova Science Publishers.score: 70.0
    In a parallel truism, everyone alive in the year 2200 AD will be able to trace his or her lineal ancestry to a parental stock in the year 200 AD. This book ...
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  43. Lara Denis (1999). Kant on the Wrongness of 'Unnatural' Sex. History of Philosophy Quarterly 16 (2):225-48.score: 66.0
    I consider Kant’s use of claims about “nature’s ends” in his arguments to establish maxims of homosexual sex, masturbation, and bestiality as constituting “unnatural” sexual vices, which are contrary to one’s duties to oneself as an animal and moral being. I argue, first, that the formula of humanity is the principle best suited for understanding duties to oneself as an animal and moral being; and second, that although natural teleology is relevant to some degree in specifying these duties, it cannot (...)
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  44. Scott A. Anderson (2005). Sex Under Pressure: Jerks, Boorish Behavior, and Gender Hierarchy. [REVIEW] Res Publica 11 (4):349-369.score: 66.0
    Pressuring someone into having sex would seem to differ in significant ways from pressuring someone into investing in one’s business or buying an expensive bauble. In affirming this claim, I take issue with a recent essay by Sarah Conly (‘Seduction, Rape, and Coercion’, Ethics, October 2004), who thinks that pressuring into sex can be helpfully evaluated by analogy to these other instances of using pressure. Drawing upon work by Alan Wertheimer, the leading theorist of coercion, she argues that so long (...)
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  45. Samuel Allen Chambers (2008). Judith Butler and Political Theory: Troubling Politics. Routledge.score: 66.0
  46. Nancy Duncan (ed.) (1996). Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. Routledge.score: 66.0
    Exploring the idea of knowledge as embodied, engendered and embedded in place and space, gender and sexuality are re-examined through the methodological and conceptual lenses of cartography, fieldwork, resistance, transgression and the divisions between local/global and public/private space. BodySpace brings together some of the best known geographers writing on gender and sexuality today to explore the role of space and place in the performance of gender and sexuality. The book takes a broad perspective on feminism as a theoretical critique, (...)
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  47. Michael Pearson (1990). Millennial Dreams and Moral Dilemmas: Seventh-Day Adventism and Contemporary Ethics. Cambridge University Press.score: 66.0
    Recent and rapid technological developments on many fronts have created in our society some extremely difficult moral predicaments. Previous generations have not had to face the dilemmas posed by, for example, the availability of safe abortions, sperm banks and prostoglandins. They have not had to come to terms with an unchecked exploitation of natural resources heralding imminent ecological crisis, or, worst of all, with the recognition that only in this current generation have people the capacity to destroy themselves and their (...)
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  48. Alcuin Blamires (2006/2008). Chaucer, Ethics, and Gender. Oxford University Press.score: 66.0
    This book makes a vigorous reassessment of the moral dimension in Chaucer's writings. For the Middle Ages, the study of human behavior generally signified the study of the morality of attitudes, choices, and actions. Moreover, moral analysis was not gender neutral: it presupposed that certain virtues and certain failings were largely gender-specific. Alcuin Blamires, mainly concentrating on The Canterbury Tales, discloses how Chaucer adapts the composite inherited traditions of moral literature to shape the significance and the gender implications of his (...)
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  49. Michael Shalom Kochin (2002). Gender and Rhetoric in Plato's Political Thought. Cambridge University Press.score: 66.0
    Gender and Rhetoric in the Politics of Plato explores the relation between Plato's Republic and Laws on the set of issues that the Laws itself marks out as fundamental to the comparison: the unity of the virtues, the role of women, and the place of the family. Plato aims to persuade men to abandon the view of the good life that Greek cities and their laws inculcate as the only life worth living for those who would be real men (...)
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  50. Kath Weston (1998). Long Slow Burn: Sexuality and Social Science. Routledge.score: 66.0
    The last decade has seen the transformation of the study of sexuality from a marginalized effort to a fully respected discipline at many major universities. There are numerous publications devoted solely to the topic and queer theory, a force to be reckoned with, has its own celebrities. Nonetheless, queer studies is considered to be the brainchild of the humanities, with the social sciences slowly coming around to apply its principles to empirical research. Long, Slow Burn, a powerful collection of essays (...)
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