Search results for 'Sex role' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    David R. Massey & Carol A. Christensen (1990). Student Teacher Attitudes to Sex Role Stereotyping: Some Australian Data. Educational Studies 16 (2):95-107.
    The sex role attitudes of 461 teacher education students were measured on a 32‐item questionnaire. Chi‐square analyses produced significant effects for gender on 22 of the items, showing that the females were more egalitarian than the males. However, most of the students adopted an egalitarian stance on many, though not all, of the items. Responses to some items suggest that some traditional stereotypes may be particularly resistant to change. The data also suggest that students may adopt egalitarian attitudes out (...)
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  2.  8
    Mary B. Mahowald (1987). Sex-Role Stereotypes in Medicine. Hypatia 2 (2):21 - 38.
    I argue for compatibility between feminism and medicine by developing a model of the physician-other relationship which is essentially egalitarian. This entails rejection of (a) a paternalistic model which reinforces sex-role stereotypes, (b) a maternalistic model which exclusively emphasizes patient autonomy, and (c) a model which focuses on the physician's conscience. The model I propose (parentalism) captures the complexity and dynamism of the physician-other relationship, by stressing mutuality in respect for autonomy and regard for each other's interests.
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  3.  1
    Jong-Hoon Kim (2015). HIV Transmissions by Stage and Sex Role in Long-Term Concurrent Sexual Partnerships. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (1):33-54.
    Most mathematical models used to examine the role of different stages of human immunodeficiency virus infection unrealistically assume that HIV is transmitted through one-off contacts or that transmission rates are the same between males and females. We sought to examine whether inferences from previous models are robust to the relaxation of those unrealistic assumptions. We developed a model of HIV transmissions through sexual partnerships assuming that sexual partnerships have variable duration, sexual partnerships are concurrent, and the male-to-female transmission rate (...)
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  4.  19
    Susan B. Kaiser, Howard G. Schutz & Joan L. Chandler (2008). Cultural Codes and Sex Role Ideology. American Journal of Semiotics 5 (1):13 - 33.
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  5. Dawn Elm, Ellen Kennedy & Leigh Leigh (2001). Determinants of Moral Reasoning: Sex Role Orientation, Gender, and Academic Factors. Business and Society 40 (3):241-265.
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  6.  4
    William Ickes (1985). Sex-Role Influences on Compatibility in Relationships. In W. J. Ickes (ed.), Compatible and Incompatible Relationships. Springer-Verlag 187--208.
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  7.  2
    Stephen D. Salamone (1987). Tradition and Gender: The Nikokyrio: The Economics of Sex Role Complementarity in Rural Greece. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 15 (2):203-225.
  8.  1
    Dawn R. Elm, Ellen J. Kennedy & Leigh Lawton (2001). Determinants of Moral Reasoning: Sex Role Orientation, Gender, and Academic Factors. Business and Society 40 (3):241-265.
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  9.  1
    Barbara J. Kaplan & Barbara S. Plake (2006). The Effects of Sex‐Role Orientation and Cognitive Skill on Mathematics Achievement. Educational Studies 7 (2):123-131.
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  10. Paolo Canal, Alan Garnham & Jane Oakhill (2015). Beyond Gender Stereotypes in Language Comprehension: Self Sex-Role Descriptions Affect the Brain’s Potentials Associated with Agreement Processing. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  11. Olio Center (1987). Mary B. Mahowald Sex-Role Stereotypes In Medicine. Hypatia 2 (2).
  12. Merle Froschl (1973). It's Never Too Early: Sex-Role Stereotyping in the Pre-School Years. Colloquy 6 (9):16-18.
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  13. Helen Hardacre (1979). Sex-Role Norms and Values in Reiyūkai. Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 6 (3):445-460.
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  14. Stephen D. Salamone (1987). Tradition and Gender: The Nikokyrio: The Economics of Sex Role Complementarity in Rural Greece. Ethos 15 (2):203-225.
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  15. Charles P. Thompson (1982). Diary-Keeping as a Sex-Role Behavior. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (1):11-13.
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  16. J. Aguirre (2013). Habermas' Account of the Role of Religion in the Public Sphere A Response to Cristina Lafont's Critiques Through an Illustrative Political Debate About Same-Sex Marriage. Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (7):637-673.
    This article is meant as a response to Cristina Lafont’s critiques of Habermas’ view of religion’s role in the public sphere. For Lafont, the burdens that Habermas places on secular citizens, by requiring them to avoid secularism, may entail dangerous consequences for a correct understanding of the concept of deliberative democracy. For this reason, she presents a proposal of her own in which no citizen, whether religious or secular, has the obligation to engage in a way of thinking alien (...)
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  17.  91
    Erika Milam, Roberta L. Millstein, Angela Potochnik & Joan Roughgarden (2011). Sex and Sensibility: The Role of Social Selection. Metascience 20 (2):253-277.
    Sex and sensibility: The role of social selection Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9464-6 Authors Erika L. Milam, Department of History, University of Maryland, 2115 Francis Scott Key Hall, College Park, MD 20742, USA Roberta L. Millstein, Department of Philosophy, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA Angela Potochnik, Department of Philosophy, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210374, Cincinnati, OH 45221, USA Joan E. Roughgarden, Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5020, USA Journal Metascience (...)
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  18. Madeline E. Heilman (1997). Sex Discrimination and the Affirmative Action Remedy: The Role of Sex Stereotypes. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 16 (9):877-889.
    This paper explores the psychological phenomena of sex stereotypes and their consequences for the occurrence of sex discrimination in work settings. Differential conceptions of the attributes of women and men are shown to extend to women and men managers, and the lack of fit model is used to explain how stereotypes about women can detrimentally affect their career progress. Commonly-occurring organizational conditions which facilitate the use of stereotypes in personnel decision making are identified and, lastly, data are provided demonstrating the (...)
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  19.  4
    Gary B. Rollman (1997). Sex Differences in Pain Do Exist: The Role of Biological and Psychosocial Factors. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):464-465.
    The evidence favoring sex differences in pain seems compelling (berkley). This commentary considers the role of such factors as anxiety, somatosensory amplification, and coping style in accounting for the differential response to pain in the laboratory and clinic, and emphasizes the need to base evaluation and treatment upon individual reports rather than gender-based stereotypes.
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  20.  4
    Deborah S. Mower (2009). Sex Differences in Moral Interests: The Role of Kinship and the Nature of Reciprocity. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (1):111-119.
    Although moral psychologists and feminist moral theorists emphasize males’ interest in justice or fairness and females’ interest in care or empathy, recent work in evolutionary psychology links females’ interests in care and empathy for others with interests in fairness and equality. In an important work on sex differences in cognitive abilities, David Geary (1998) argues that the evolutionary mechanism of sexual selection drives the evolution of particular cognitive abilities and selection for particular interests. I mount two main challenges to Geary’s (...)
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  21.  10
    Dominic Dp Johnson & Mark van Vugt (2009). A History of War: The Role of Inter-Group Conflict in Sex Differences in Aggression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):280 - 281.
    Human aggression has two important dimensions: within-group aggression and between-group aggression. Archer offers an excellent treatment of the former only. A full explanation of sex differences in aggression will fail without accounting for our history of inter-group aggression, which has deep evolutionary roots and specific psychological adaptations. The causes and consequences of inter-group aggression are dramatically different for males and females.
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  22.  2
    Douglas T. Kenrick & Alicia Barr (1998). Testosterone's Role in Dominance, Sex, and Aggression: Why so Controversial? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):379-380.
    Testosterone's connection to sex differences and key evolutionary processes arouses controversy. Effects on humans and other species, though, are not robotically deterministic but are parts of complex interactions. We discuss the societal implications of these findings and consider how the naturalistic fallacy and the person–situation dichotomy contribute to misunderstandings here.
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  23. James A. Gould, Why Pornography is Valuable & Taking Sides (1991). Obscenity, the Role of Sex, and Social Responsibility. Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):53-55.
     
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  24.  19
    Carroll Smith-Rosenberg (1972). The Hysterical Woman: Sex Roles and Role Conflict in 19th Century America. Social Research 39.
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  25.  33
    Robert F. Card (2008). Response to Commentators on "Conscientious Objection and Emergency Contraception": Sex, Drugs and the Rocky Role of Levonorgestrel. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):W4 – W6.
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  26.  2
    Denise Réaume (2005). Comparing Theories of Sex Discrimination: The Role of Comparison. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 25 (3):547-564.
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  27.  1
    Mengieng Ung, Godfred O. Boateng, Frederick A. Armah, Jonathan A. Amoyaw, Isaac Luginaah & Vincent Kuuire (2014). Negotiation for Safer Sex Among Married Women in Cambodia: The Role of Women's Autonomy. Journal of Biosocial Science 46 (1):90-106.
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  28.  2
    Charles Crawford (1989). Sex Differences in Life Histories: The Role of Sexual Selection and Mate Choice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):18.
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  29.  1
    Marian C. Diamond (1985). A Possible Role of Sex Steroid Hormones in Determining Immune Deficiency Differences Between the Sexes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (3):447-448.
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  30.  1
    V. Gavalas, K. Rontos & N. Nagopoulos (2015). Sex Ratio at Birth in Twenty-First Century Greece: The Role of Ethnic and Social Groups. Journal of Biosocial Science 47 (3):363-375.
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  31. N. Dusitsin (1996). The Role of Sex in the Buddhist World. Global Bioethics 9 (1-4):111-115.
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  32. S. Blaffer Hrdy (1996). The Primate Origins of Female Sexuality, and Their Implications for the Role of Non-Conceptive Sex in the Reproductive Strategies of Women. Global Bioethics 9 (1-4):31-47.
  33. Jeanne Monroy Meck (1984). The Genetics of the H-Y Antigen System and its Role in Sex Determination. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 27 (4):560-580.
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  34. Carroll Smith Rosenberg (1972). The Hysterical Woman: Sex Roles and Role Conflict in 19th-Century America. Social Research 39:652-678.
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  35. Mengieng Ung, Godfred O. Boateng, Frederick A. Armah, Jonathan A. Amoyaw, Isaac Luginaah & Vincent Kuuire (2013). Negotiation for Safer Sex Among Married Women in Cambodia: The Role of Women's Autonomy. Journal of Biosocial Science:1-17.
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  36.  85
    Judith Butler (1993). Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of "Sex". Routledge.
    In ____Bodies That Matter,__ Judith Butler further develops her distinctive theory of gender by examining the workings of power at the most "material" dimensions of sex and sexuality. Deepening the inquiries she began in _Gender_ _Trouble,_ Butler offers an original reformulation of the materiality of bodies, examining how the power of heterosexual hegemony forms the "matter" of bodies, sex, and gender. Butler argues that power operates to constrain "sex" from the start, delimiting what counts as a viable sex. She offers (...)
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  37.  13
    John Archer (2009). Does Sexual Selection Explain Human Sex Differences in Aggression? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):249-266.
    I argue that the magnitude and nature of sex differences in aggression, their development, causation, and variability, can be better explained by sexual selection than by the alternative biosocial version of social role theory. Thus, sex differences in physical aggression increase with the degree of risk, occur early in life, peak in young adulthood, and are likely to be mediated by greater male impulsiveness, and greater female fear of physical danger. Male variability in physical aggression is consistent with an (...)
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  38.  21
    Beverly Kracher, Abha Chatterjee & Arlene R. Lundquist (2002). Factors Related to the Cognitive Moral Development of Business Students and Business Professionals in India and the United States: Nationality, Education, Sex and Gender. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 35 (4):255-268.
    This research focuses on the similarities and differences in the cognitive moral development of business professionals and graduate business students in two countries, India and the United States. Factors that potentially influence cognitive moral development, namely, culture, education, sex and gender are analyzed and discussed. Implications for ethics education in graduate business schools and professional associations are considered. Future research on the cognitive moral development of graduate business students and business professionals is recommended.
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  39.  12
    Beverly Kracher & Robert P. Marble (2008). The Significance of Gender in Predicting the Cognitive Moral Development of Business Practitioners Using the Sociomoral Reflection Objective Measure. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):503 - 526.
    This study constitutes a contribution to the discussion about moral reasoning in business. Kohlberg’s (1971, in Cognitive Development and Epistemology (Academic Press, New York), 1976, in Moral Development and Behavior: Theory and Research and Social Issues (Holt, Rienhart and Winston, New York)) cognitive moral development (CMD) theory is one explanation of moral reasoning. One unresolved debate on the topic of CMD is the charge that Kohlbergian-type CMD theory is gender biased. This research puts forth the proposal that the issue may (...)
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  40.  7
    David C. Geary (1996). Sexual Selection and Sex Differences in Mathematical Abilities. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (2):229.
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  41.  19
    Ayu Dwi Nindyati (2010). Peran Identitas Jenis Kelamin Sebagai Variabel Moderator Dalam Hubungan Antara Kebutuhan Berprestasi, Kebutuhan Berafiliasi Dan Kebutuhan Berkuasa Dengan Kinerja Karyawan. Phronesis 6 (11).
    This research was aimed to discover whether sex-role identity could play a significant role as moderating variable to the relation between McClleland’s needs of achievement, affiliation and power and employee’s performance. Subjects of this research were employees in scales division from a cosmetical company in Jakarta Following Baron and Kenny’s ideas, data was analyzed with two way analysis of variance. The main hypothesis in this research is moderating effect of sex role identity in how need of achievement, (...)
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  42.  13
    Céline León (2008). The Neither/nor of the Second Sex: Kierkegaard on Women, Sexual Difference, and Sexual Relations. Mercer University Press.
    The aesthetic -- The ethical -- The no woman's land of Kierkegaardian exceptions -- The religious.
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  43. Penny A. Weiss (1993). Gendered Community Rousseau, Sex, and Politics.
     
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  44. Frank Dikotter (1996). Sex, Culture and Modernity in China Medical Science and the Construction of Sexual Identities in the Early Republican Period. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):241.
  45. Philip E. Devine & Celia Wolf-Devine (2002). Sex and Gender a Spectrum of Views. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
  46. James A. Doyle & Michele Antoinette Paludi (1995). Sex and Gender the Human Experience. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
  47. Martha Craven Nussbaum (1999). Sex & Social Justice. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  48.  13
    Shira Tarrant (2006). When Sex Became Gender. Routledge.
    This book is a study of post World War II feminist theory from the viewpoint of intellectual history. The key theme is that the social construction of gender has its origins in the feminist theorists of this period. This paradigm is a key foundational element to both second and third wave feminist thought. It will focus on the five key scholars of the period: Komarovsky, de Beauvoir, Mead, Klein and Herschberger. This has been a somewhat overlooked period in the development (...)
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  49.  53
    Judith Butler (1990). Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Routledge.
    Contemporary feminist debates over the meanings of gender lead time and again to a certain sense of trouble, as if the indeterminacy of gender might eventually culminate in the failure of feminism. Perhaps trouble need not carry such a..
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  50.  80
    Elizabeth Victor (2013). Agency, Identity, and Narrative: Making Sense of the Self in Same-Sex Divorce. APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues 12 (2):16-19.
    I argue that same-sex divorce presents a different kind of potential constraint to the agency of persons pursuing the dissolution of their marriage; a constraint upon one’s counterstory and the reconstitution of one’s personal identity. The dialectic within the paper mirrors the movements that I have had to make as I have sought to constitute and reconstitute myself throughout my divorce process. Beginning from a juridical perspective, I examine how the constraints on same-sex divorce present constraints on one’s agency that (...)
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