Search results for 'Shannon K. Brincat' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  37
    Shannon K. Brincat (2010). Two New Interpretations of Adorno: Pippin and Honneth. Constellations 17 (1):167-174.
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  2.  10
    Shannon Brincat (2008). `Death to Tyrants': The Political Philosophy of Tyrannicide - Part I. Journal of International Political Theory 4 (2):212-240.
    This paper examines the conceptual development of the philosophical justifications for tyrannicide. It posits that the political philosophy of tyrannicide can be categorised into three distinct periods or models, the classical, medieval, and liberal, respectively. It argues that each model contained unique themes and principles that justified tyrannicide in that period; the classical, through the importance attached to public life and the functional role of leadership; the medieval, through natural law doctrine; and the liberal, through the postulates of social contract (...)
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  3.  7
    K. de Leeuw, E. F. Moore, C. E. Shannon & N. Shapiro (1970). Computability by Probabilistic Machines. Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (3):481-482.
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  4.  4
    Shannon Brincat (2015). Global Climate Change Justice: From Rawls’ Law of Peoples to Honneth’s Conditions of Freedom. Environmental Ethics 37 (3):277-305.
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  5.  10
    K. T. Atanassov & A. G. Shannon (1998). A Note on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Logics. Acta Philosophica 7:121-125.
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  6.  1
    Shannon Brincat (2013). The Harm Principle and Recognition Theory. Critical Horizons 14 (2):225-256.
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  7.  3
    Nick A. Kirsop-Taylor (2016). Shannon K. Orr, Environmental Policymaking and Stakeholder Collaboration: Theory and Practice. Environmental Values 25 (4):496-498.
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  8.  1
    Patrick C. Fischer (1970). Review: K. De Leeuw, E. F. Moore, C. E. Shannon, N. Shapiro, Computability by Probabilistic Machines. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (3):481-482.
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  9. Patrick C. Fischer (1970). De Leeuw K., Moore E. F., Shannon C. E., and Shapiro N.. Computability by Probabilistic Machines. Automata Studies, Edited by Shannon C. E. And McCarthy J., Annals of Mathematics Studies No. 34, Lithoprinted, Princeton University Press, Princeton 1956, Pp. 183–212. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (3):481-482.
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  10. Lin Yuan & H. K. Kesavan (1997). Bayesian Estimation of Shannon Entropy. History and Philosophy of Logic 26 (1):139-148.
  11.  1
    Edward J. Rowe & Shannon K. Smith (1973). Imagery Effects in Continuous Paired-Associate Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (2):290.
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  12.  49
    Geoff Moore (2001). Corporate Social and Financial Performance: An Investigation in the U.K. Supermarket Industry. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 34 (3-4):299 - 315.
    The comparison of corporate social performance with corporate financial performance has been a popular field of study over the past 25 years. The results, while broadly conclusive of a positive relationship, are not entirely consistent. In addition, most of the previous studies have concentrated on large-scale cross-industry studies and often with a single variable for corporate social performance, in order to produce statistically significant results. This weakens the richness of understanding that might be obtained from a single industry study with (...)
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  13.  4
    Camilla K. Gilmore, Shannon E. McCarthy & Elizabeth S. Spelke (2010). Non-Symbolic Arithmetic Abilities and Achievement in the First Year of Formal Schooling in Mathematics. Cognition 115 (3):394.
  14. Camilla K. Gilmore, Shannon E. McCarthy & Elizabeth S. Spelke, Symbolic Arithmetic Knowledge Without Instruction.
    Symbolic arithmetic is fundamental to science, technology and economics, but its acquisition by children typically requires years of effort, instruction and drill1,2. When adults perform mental arithmetic, they activate nonsymbolic, approximate number representations3,4, and their performance suffers if this nonsymbolic system is impaired5. Nonsymbolic number representations also allow adults, children, and even infants to add or subtract pairs of dot arrays and to compare the resulting sum or difference to a third array, provided that only approximate accuracy is required6–10. Here (...)
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  15.  62
    Olimpia Lombardi, Federico Holik & Leonardo Vanni (forthcoming). What is Shannon Information? Synthese:1-30.
    Despite of its formal precision and its great many applications, Shannon’s theory still offers an active terrain of debate when the interpretation of its main concepts is the task at issue. In this article we try to analyze certain points that still remain obscure or matter of discussion, and whose elucidation contribute to the assessment of the different interpretative proposals about the concept of information. In particular, we argue for a pluralist position, according to which the different views about (...)
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  16.  38
    Oliver M. Lean (2014). Getting the Most Out of Shannon Information. Biology and Philosophy 29 (3):395-413.
    Shannon information is commonly assumed to be the wrong way in which to conceive of information in most biological contexts. Since the theory deals only in correlations between systems, the argument goes, it can apply to any and all causal interactions that affect a biological outcome. Since informational language is generally confined to only certain kinds of biological process, such as gene expression and hormone signalling, Shannon information is thought to be unable to account for this restriction. It (...)
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  17.  38
    Dorothy Foote (2001). The Question of Ethical Hypocrisy in Human Resource Management in the U.K. And Irish Charity Sectors. Journal of Business Ethics 34 (1):25 - 38.
    Whilst there is a growing volume of literature exploring the ethical implications of organisational change for HRM and the ethical aspects of certain HRM activities, there have been few published U.K. studies of how HR managers actually behave when faced with ethical dilemmas in their work. This paper seeks to enhance the foundations of such knowledge through an examination of the influence of organisational values on the ethical behaviour of Human Resource Managers within a sample of charities in the U.K. (...)
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  18.  99
    Shunlong Luo (2002). Maximum Shannon Entropy, Minimum Fisher Information, and an Elementary Game. Foundations of Physics 32 (11):1757-1772.
    We formulate an elementary statistical game which captures the essence of some fundamental quantum experiments such as photon polarization and spin measurement. We explore and compare the significance of the principle of maximum Shannon entropy and the principle of minimum Fisher information in solving such a game. The solution based on the principle of minimum Fisher information coincides with the solution based on an invariance principle, and provides an informational explanation of Malus' law for photon polarization. There is no (...)
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  19.  65
    John R. Fanchi (2003). Relativistic Dynamical Theory of Particle Decay and Application to K-Mesons. Foundations of Physics 33 (8):1189-1205.
    The theoretical description of particle decay by a single particle theory requires the use of a probability density in time that is not present in conventional theories. The problem of single particle decay is consistently described here within the context of a single particle, relativistic dynamical theory. We derive experimentally testable differences between the standard model and Relativistic Dynamics for a two-state system: the neutral K-meson (K 0) system. We show that the estimate of mass difference between the two states (...)
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  20.  43
    David Ellerman (2013). An Introduction to Logical Entropy and its Relation to Shannon Entropy. International Journal of Semantic Computing 7 (2):121-145.
    The logical basis for information theory is the newly developed logic of partitions that is dual to the usual Boolean logic of subsets. The key concept is a "distinction" of a partition, an ordered pair of elements in distinct blocks of the partition. The logical concept of entropy based on partition logic is the normalized counting measure of the set of distinctions of a partition on a finite set--just as the usual logical notion of probability based on the Boolean logic (...)
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  21.  5
    Victor L. Selivanov (2007). Hierarchies of [ ... ] º 2-Measurable K -Partitions. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 53 (4):446-461.
    Attempts to extend the classical Hausdorff difference hierarchy to the case of partitions of a space to k > 2 subsets lead to non-equivalent notions. In a hope to identify the right extension we consider the extensions appeared in the literature so far: the limit-, level-, Boolean and Wadge hierarchies of k -partitions. The advantages and disadvantages of the four hierarchies are discussed. The main technical contribution of this paper is a complete characterization of the Wadge degrees of [ ¿ (...)
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  22.  1
    Jonathan Evans & David E. Over (1996). Rationality in the Selection Task: Epistemic Utility Versus Uncertainty Reduction. Psychological Review 103 (2):356-363.
    M. Oaksford and N. Chater presented a Bayesian analysis of the Wason selection task in which they proposed that people choose cards in order to maximize expected information gain as measured by reduction in uncertainty in the Shannon-Weaver information theory sense. It is argued that the EIG measure is both psychologically implausible and normatively inadequate as a measure of epistemic utility. The article is also concerned with the descriptive account of findings in the selection task literature offered by Oaksford (...)
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  23. David Ellerman (2009). Counting Distinctions: On the Conceptual Foundations of Shannon's Information Theory. Synthese 168 (1):119 - 149.
    Categorical logic has shown that modern logic is essentially the logic of subsets (or “subobjects”). In “subset logic,” predicates are modeled as subsets of a universe and a predicate applies to an individual if the individual is in the subset. Partitions are dual to subsets so there is a dual logic of partitions where a “distinction” [an ordered pair of distinct elements (u, u′) from the universe U] is dual to an “element”. A predicate modeled by a partition π on (...)
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  24.  9
    F. Collot (1991). L'entropie Generalisee (G-Entropie), Une Mesure Des Niveaux D'Organisation. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (3-4):287-298.
    Pour étendre la notion d'entropie, l'auteur tente de dégager la signification de la “probabilité relative” w de Boltzmann dans sa formule S = k.log.w. Celui-ci introduit implicitement une partition d'un ensemble E de molécules en classes d'équivalence, les divers états macroscopiques du gaz; w est le rapport de la probabilité de l'état dont on cherche à définir l'entropie à celle de l'état le plus improbable.L'auteur propose de généraliser le concept toutes les fois ob sur un ensemble probabilisable E il sera (...)
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  25.  10
    Newton C. A. Da Costa & Roque Da C. Caiero (2014). K-Transforms in Classical and Paraconsistent Logics. Logic and Logical Philosophy 7:63.
    We study some metamathematical properties of various classicaland paraconsistent logical systems. In particular, we discuss the concept ofa k-transform of a formula and consider some of its applications.
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  26.  8
    Robert Sochacki (2009). Rejected Axioms for the “Nonsense-Logic” W and the K-Valued Logic of Sobociński. Logic and Logical Philosophy 17 (4):321-327.
    In this paper rejection systems for the “nonsense-logic” W and the k-valued implicational-negational sentential calculi of Sobociński are given. Considered systems consist of computable sets of rejected axioms and only one rejection rule: the rejection version of detachment rule.
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  27.  14
    Eugenio Andrade (2004). On Maxwell's Demons and the Origin of Evolutionary Variations: An Internalist Perspective. Acta Biotheoretica 52 (1):17-40.
    This paper defends an internalist perspective of selection based on the hypothesis that considers living evolutionary units as Maxwell's demons (MD) or Zurek's Information Gathering and Using Systems (IGUS). Individuals are considered as IGUS that extract work by means of measuring and recording processes. Interactions or measurements convert uncertainty about the environment (Shannon's information, H) into internalized information in the form of a compressed record (Chaitin's algorithmic complexity, K). The requirements of the model and the limitations inherent to its (...)
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  28.  11
    Alejandro Balbín & Eugenio Andrade (2004). Protein Folding and Evolution Are Driven by the Maxwell Demon Activity of Proteins. Acta Biotheoretica 52 (3):173-200.
    In this paper we propose a theoretical model of protein folding and protein evolution in which a polypeptide (sequence/structure) is assumed to behave as a Maxwell Demon or Information Gathering and Using System (IGUS) that performs measurements aiming at the construction of the native structure. Our model proposes that a physical meaning to Shannon information (H) and Chaitin's algorithmic information (K) parameters can be both defined and referred from the IGUS standpoint. Our hypothesis accounts for the interdependence of protein (...)
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  29.  4
    Helmut Renders (2011). O guia medicinal Primitive Physick de John Wesley de 1747: ciência, charlatania ou medicina social? (John Wesley's medical guide Primitive Physic[k] from 1747: science, charlatanism or social medicine?) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2011v9n21p339. [REVIEW] Horizonte 8 (21):339-353.
    Resumo Em 1747, John Wesley, spiritus rector do movimento metodista, publicou a primeira edição do seu guia medicinal Primitive Physic[k] . Qual era o seu propósito num mundo onde a academia real, herbalistas, curandeiros/as, exorcistas e charlatães competiam pela atenção da população? O artigo apresenta os diferentes grupos que atuaram, ou pretendiam atuar, em prol da saúde na Inglaterra do século 18, e compara o conteúdo do guia Primitive Physic[k] com suas propostas e estratégias terapêuticas. Conclua-se que uma parte significativa (...)
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  30.  4
    Michael K. Miller & C. Shannon Stokes (1985). Teenage Fertility, Socioeconomic Statue and Infant Mortality. Journal of Biosocial Science 17 (2):147-155.
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  31. Marek Hetmański (2010). Czy możliwa jest ogólna teoria informacji? Zagadnienia Naukoznawstwa 46 (3-4):395-420.
    W artykule rozważana jest możliwość powstania ogólnej teorii informacji, która miałaby szerszy zakres tematyczny i wyższy stopień ogólności niż matematyczna teoria komunikacji (łączności) Shannona. Uzasadnieniem takiego oczekiwania jest nie tylko dojrzałość wielu współczesnych koncepcji i teorii informacji, głównie formalnych i matematycznych, lecz również znaczące zmiany w sferze masowej komunikacji i komputerowych systemów informacyjnych (dokonujące się w tzw. zwrocie informacyjnym). Omawiane są koncepcje takich autorów, jak C. Shannon, N. Wiener, Y. Bar-Hillel, K. Devlin, F. Adams, F. Dretske, P. Adriaans oraz (...)
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  32.  88
    Olimpia I. Lombardi (2005). Dretske, Shannon's Theory, and the Interpretation of Information. Synthese 144 (1):23-39.
  33.  6
    Daniel Solow, Apostolos Burnetas, Ming-Chi Tsai & Neil S. Greenspan (1999). Understanding and Attenuating the Complexity Catastrophe in Kauffman'sN K Model of Genome Evolution. Complexity 5 (1):53-66.
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  34.  1
    Artūrs Logins (2016). Common Sense and Evidence: Some Neglected Arguments in Favour of E=K. Theoria 82 (4).
    In this article I focus on some unduly neglected common-sense considerations supporting the view that one's evidence is the propositions that one knows. I reply to two recent objections to these considerations.
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  35.  6
    Daniel Silva Graça (2004). Some Recent Developments on Shannon's General Purpose Analog Computer. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (4‐5):473-485.
    This paper revisits one of the first models of analog computation, the General Purpose Analog Computer . In particular, we restrict our attention to the improved model presented in [11] and we show that it can be further refined. With this we prove the following: the previous model can be simplified; it admits extensions having close connections with the class of smooth continuous time dynamical systems. As a consequence, we conclude that some of these extensions achieve Turing universality. Finally, it (...)
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  36.  4
    Joanna F. Handlin (1985). Action in Late Ming Thought: The Reorientation of Lü K'un and Other Scholar-Officials. Philosophy East and West 35 (4):450-452.
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  37.  3
    Yoav Ariel (1990). K'ung-Ts'ung-Tzu, the K'ung Family Masters' Anthology: A Study and Translation of Chapters 1-10, 12-14. Philosophy East and West 40 (4):571-573.
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  38.  4
    B. R. Tilghman & Ronald E. Hustwit (1994). Something About O. K. Bouwsma. Philosophical Quarterly 44 (176):394.
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  39.  2
    Robert G. Henricks & His K'ang (1983). A Selected Bibliography of Studies of Hsi K'ang and the Thought of the Times. In Robert G. Henricks & His K'ang (eds.), Philosophy and Argumentation in Third-Century China: The Essays of Hsi K'ang. Princeton University Press 201-202.
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  40.  2
    Hsi K'ang (1983). An Answer to Juan K'an's Explanation to My Refutation of His Essay—Residence is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life. In His K'ang & Robert G. Henricks (eds.), Philosophy and Argumentation in Third-Century China: The Essays of Hsi K'ang. Princeton University Press 180-200.
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  41.  2
    Juan K'an (1983). An Explanation to Hsi K'ang's Refutation of My Essay—Residence is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life. In Robert G. Henricks & His K'ang (eds.), Philosophy and Argumentation in Third-Century China: The Essays of Hsi K'ang. Princeton University Press 169-179.
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  42.  1
    Frank Brady, John Palmer & Martin Price (1973). Literary Theory and Structure: Essays in Honor of William K. Wimsatt. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 32 (2):298-299.
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  43.  1
    Hsi K'ang (1983). A Refutation of Juan K'an's Essay—Residence is Devoid of Good and Bad Fortune: You Must Rather Preserve Your Life. In His K'ang & Robert G. Henricks (eds.), Philosophy and Argumentation in Third-Century China: The Essays of Hsi K'ang. Princeton University Press 155-168.
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  44. Yoav Ariel (1996). K Ung-Ts Ung-Tzu a Study and Translation of Chapters 15-23, with a Reconstruction of the 'Hsiao Erh-Ya' Dictionary. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  45. C. K. Ogden (ed.) (1995). Psyche: A Journal of General and Linguistic Psychology 1920-1952. Edited by C.K. Ogden. Routledge.
    Launched in 1920 by C K Ogden and others as the successor to the Cambridge Magazine , Psyche occupied a unique place for over 30 years as a journal of general and linguistic psychology. Committed from the outset to keeping readers abreast of developments in the burgeoning fields of experimental, theoretical, and applied psychology, Psyche provided not only systematic reporting in these domains but set itself the task of stimulating research of high quality by the critical thrust of its editorial (...)
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  46. B. Sambasiva Prasad (2005). The Argument From Illusion: A Response to Dr. K. Srinivas. Indian Philosophical Quarterly 32 (1-2):141-146.
     
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  47.  34
    David Campbell, Geoff Moore & Matthias Metzger (2002). Corporate Philanthropy in the U.K. 1985–2000 Some Empirical Findings. Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):29 - 41.
    This paper briefly reviews the theories that seek to explain the phenomenon of corporate charitable donations and then provides a review of the empirical issues that have arisen in previous studies in this area. The findings of an analysis of charitable donations data from the entire U.K. FTSE index for the years 1985–2000 are then reported. These findings include the observation of a time-related increase in charitable donations, which is compared with an earlier study to give a 24 year history (...)
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  48.  25
    Laura J. Spence & José Félix Lozano (2000). Communicating About Ethics with Small Firms: Experiences From the U.K. And Spain. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 27 (1-2):43 - 53.
    This article introduces the important issue of communicating with small firms about ethical issues. Evidence from two research projects from the U.K. and Spain are used to indicate some of the important issues and how small firms may differ from large firms in this area. The importance of informal mechanisms such as the influence of friends, family and employees are highlighted, and the likely ineffectiveness of formal tools such as Codes and Social and Ethical Standards suggested. Further resarch in the (...)
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  49.  6
    Olimpia Lombardi, Federico Holik & Leonardo Vanni (2016). What is Shannon Information? Synthese 193 (7):1983-2012.
    Despite of its formal precision and its great many applications, Shannon’s theory still offers an active terrain of debate when the interpretation of its main concepts is the task at issue. In this article we try to analyze certain points that still remain obscure or matter of discussion, and whose elucidation contribute to the assessment of the different interpretative proposals about the concept of information. In particular, we argue for a pluralist position, according to which the different views about (...)
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  50.  31
    Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer (2001). Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none of (...)
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