Search results for 'Shari Seidman Diamond' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  10
    Mary R. Rose, Christopher G. Ellison & Shari Seidman Diamond, Preferences for Juries Over Judges Across Racial and Ethnic Groups.
    Prior studies have shown a general preference among citizens for juries over judges. Researchers, however, have not considered whether race and ethnicity modify this preference. We hypothesized that minorities (African-Americans, Hispanics), who generally express less trust in the legal system, may also express less trust in juries than non-Hispanic whites. We asked a representative sample of 1,465 residents of Texas to state whether they would prefer a jury or a judge to be the decision maker in four hypothetical circumstances. Consistent (...)
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  2. Cora Diamond (1999). How Old Are These Bones? Putnam, Wittgenstein and Verification: Cora Diamond. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):99–134.
    Hilary Putnam has argued against philosophical theories which tie the content of truth-claims closely to the available methods of investigation and verification. Such theories, he argues, threaten our idea of human communication, which we take to be possible between people of different cultures and across periods of time during which methods of investigation change dramatically. Putnam rejects any reading of Wittgenstein which takes him to make a close tie between meaning and method of verification. What strands in Wittgenstein's thought appear (...)
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  3.  4
    Cora Diamond (1999). I–Cora Diamond. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):99-134.
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  4.  9
    Arthur Diamond (1993). Arthur M. Diamond, Jr. Social Epistemology 7 (3):245-248.
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  5. Stanley Cavell, Cora Diamond, John McDowell, Ian Hacking & Cary Wolfe (2008). Philosophy and Animal Life. Columbia University Press.
    _Philosophy and Animal Life_ offers a new way of thinking about animal rights, our obligation to animals, and the nature of philosophy itself. Cora Diamond begins with "The Difficulty of Reality and the Difficulty of Philosophy," in which she accuses analytical philosophy of evading, or deflecting, the responsibility of human beings toward nonhuman animals. Diamond then explores the animal question as it is bound up with the more general problem of philosophical skepticism. Focusing specifically on J. M. Coetzee's (...)
     
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  6. Irene Diamond, Lee Quinby, Seyla Benhabib & Drucilla Cornell (1990). Feminism and Foucault: Reflections on Resistance. Hypatia 5 (3):118-124.
    This essay is a critical review of two recent collections, Feminism and Foucault: Reflections on Resistance, edited by Irene Diamond and Lee Quinby and Feminism as Critique: On the Politics of Gender, edited by Seyla Benhabib and Drucilla Cornell. While the collections differ in their manner of addressing the critical sources that have inspired them-the former relying upon a single theorist, the latter attempting to move through some of the philosophical history that constitutes our present theoretical terrain-both attempt to (...)
     
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  7. Stanley Cavell, Cora Diamond, John McDowell, Ian Hacking & Cary Wolfe (2009). Philosophy and Animal Life. Cup.
    _Philosophy and Animal Life_ offers a new way of thinking about animal rights, our obligation to animals, and the nature of philosophy itself. Cora Diamond begins with "The Difficulty of Reality and the Difficulty of Philosophy," in which she accuses analytical philosophy of evading, or deflecting, the responsibility of human beings toward nonhuman animals. Diamond then explores the animal question as it is bound up with the more general problem of philosophical skepticism. Focusing specifically on J. M. Coetzee's (...)
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  8. John W. Diamond & George R. Zodrow (eds.) (2008). Fundamental Tax Reform: Issues, Choices, and Implications. The MIT Press.
    Reform of the federal income tax system has become a perennial item on the domestic policy agenda of the United States, although there is considerable uncertainty over specifics. Indeed the recent report of the President's Advisory Panel on Federal Tax Reform recommended not one but two divergent policy directions. In Fundamental Tax Reform, top experts in tax policy discuss a wide range of issues raised by the prospect of significant tax reform, identifying the most critical questions and considering whether the (...)
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  9.  19
    Eli Diamond (2015). Mortal Imitations of Divine Life: The Nature of the Soul in Aristotle's De Anima. Northwestern University Press.
    In Mortal Imitations of Divine Life, Diamond offers an interpretation of De Anima, which explains how and why Aristotle places souls in a hierarchy of value. Aristotle’s central intention in De Anima is to discover the nature and essence of soul—the prin­ciple of living beings. He does so by identifying the common structures underlying every living activity, whether it be eating, perceiving, thinking, or moving through space. As Diamond demonstrates through close readings of De Anima, the nature of (...)
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  10. Peter A. Diamond (2009). On Time: Lectures on Models of Equilibrium. Cambridge University Press.
    In these two lectures, first published in 1994, Peter Diamond explores how time is modelled in theoretical analyses of individual industries and of an entire economy. In the first lecture he considers equilibrium in a single market by examining the distinction between the short run and the long run in Marshallian analysis. He proposes an explicit modelling of time in place of Marshall's use of different atemporal models for different time frames. In the second lecture he turns to models (...)
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  11. Peter A. Diamond (1994). On Time: Lectures on Models of Equilibrium. Cambridge University Press.
    In these two lectures, first published in 1994, Peter Diamond explores how time is modelled in theoretical analyses of individual industries and of an entire economy. In the first lecture he considers equilibrium in a single market by examining the distinction between the short run and the long run in Marshallian analysis. He proposes an explicit modelling of time in place of Marshall's use of different atemporal models for different time frames. In the second lecture he turns to models (...)
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  12. Cora Diamond (1991). The Realistic Spirit: Wittgenstein, Philosophy, and the Mind. MIT Press.
    "This is the most important book on Wittgenstein in over a decade, but it is also much more than that.
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  13.  34
    Fadel Zeidan, Susan K. Johnson, Bruce J. Diamond, Zhanna David & Paula Goolkasian (2010). Mindfulness Meditation Improves Cognition: Evidence of Brief Mental Training☆. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):597-605.
    Although research has found that long-term mindfulness meditation practice promotes executive functioning and the ability to sustain attention, the effects of brief mindfulness meditation training have not been fully explored. We examined whether brief meditation training affects cognition and mood when compared to an active control group. After four sessions of either meditation training or listening to a recorded book, participants with no prior meditation experience were assessed with measures of mood, verbal fluency, visual coding, and working memory. Both interventions (...)
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  14.  5
    Edward J. Bergman & Nicholas J. Diamond (2013). Sickle Cell Disease and the “Difficult Patient” Conundrum. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):3 - 10.
    (2013). Sickle Cell Disease and the “Difficult Patient” Conundrum. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 3-10. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2013.767954.
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  15. Jeffrey Seidman (2009). Valuing and Caring. Theoria 75 (4):272-303.
    What is it to "value" something, in the semi-technical sense of the term that Gary Watson establishes? I argue that valuing something consists in caring about it. Caring involves not only emotional dispositions of the sort that Agnieszka Jaworska has elaborated, but also a distinctive cognitive disposition – namely, a (defeasible) disposition to believe the object cared about to be a source of agent-relative reasons for action and for emotion. Understood in this way, an agent's carings have a stronger claim (...)
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  16.  24
    Cora Diamond (2016). Asymmetries in Thinking About Thought. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 90 (2):299-315.
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  17. Cora Diamond (1978). Eating Meat and Eating People. Philosophy 53 (206):465 - 479.
    This paper is a response to a certain sort of argument defending the rights of animals. Part I is a brief explanation of the background and of the sort of argument I want to reject; Part II is an attempt to characterize those arguments: they contain fundamental confusions about moral relations between people and people and between people and animals. And Part III is an indication of what I think can still be said on—as it were–the animals' side.
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  18.  16
    Cora Diamond (2014). Between Realism and Rortianism. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 21:56-75.
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  19.  1
    R. Diamond (1983). Genetic Influences on the Development of Spatial Skills During Early Adolescence. Cognition 13 (2):167-185.
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  20. Cora Diamond (2000). Ethics, Imagination and the Method of Wittgenstein's Tractatus. In Alice Crary & Rupert J. Read (eds.), The New Wittgenstein. Routledge 149-173.
     
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  21.  31
    Cora Diamond (forthcoming). Asymmetries in Thinking About Thought in Advance. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.
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  22.  33
    Jeffrey Seidman (2016). The Unity of Caring and the Rationality of Emotion. Philosophical Studies 173 (10):2785-2801.
    Caring is a complex attitude. At first look, it appears very complex: it seems to involve a wide range of emotional and other dispositions, all focused on the object cared about. What ties these dispositions together, so that they jointly comprise a single attitude? I offer a theory of caring, the Attentional Theory, that answers this question. According to the Attentional Theory, caring consists of just two, logically distinct dispositions: a disposition to attend to an object and hence to considerations (...)
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  23. Jeffrey Seidman (2010). Caring and Incapacity. Philosophical Studies 147 (2):301 - 322.
    This essay seeks to explain a morally important class of psychological incapacity—the class of what Bernard Williams has called “incapacities of character.” I argue for two main claims: (1) Caring is the underlying psychological disposition that gives rise to incapacities of character. (2) In competent, rational adults, caring is, in part, a cognitive and deliberative disposition. Caring is a mental state which disposes an agent to believe certain considerations to be good reasons for deliberation and action. And caring is a (...)
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  24. Cora Diamond (2011). 'We Can't Whistle It Either': Legend and Reality. European Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):335-356.
    Abstract: There is a famous quip of F.P. Ramsey's, which is my second epigraph. According to a widespread legend, the quip is a criticism of Wittgenstein's treatment in the Tractatus of what cannot be said. The remark is indeed Ramsey's, but he didn't mean what he is taken to mean in the legend. His quip, looked at in context, means something quite different. The legend is sometimes taken to provide support for a reading of the Tractatus according to which the (...)
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  25. Luis A. Camacho, Colin Campbell, David A. Crocker, Eleonora Curlo, Herman E. Daly, Eliezer Diamond, Robert Goodland, Allen L. Hammond, Nathan Keyfitz, Robert E. Lane, Judith Lichtenberg, David Luban, James A. Nash, Martha C. Nussbaum, ThomasW Pogge, Mark Sagoff, Juliet B. Schor, Michael Schudson, Jerome M. Segal, Amartya Sen, Alan Strudler, Paul L. Wachtel, Paul E. Waggoner, David Wasserman & Charles K. Wilber (1997). Ethics of Consumption: The Good Life, Justice, and Global Stewardship. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this comprehensive collection of essays, most of which appear for the first time, eminent scholars from many disciplines—philosophy, economics, sociology, political science, demography, theology, history, and social psychology—examine the causes, nature, and consequences of present-day consumption patterns in the United States and throughout the world.
     
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  26. Cora Diamond (1988). Losing Your Concepts. Ethics 98 (2):255-277.
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  27.  32
    Cherie L. Gerstadt, Yoon Joo Hong & Adele Diamond (1994). The Relationship Between Cognition and Action: Performance of Children 312–7 Years Old on a Stroop- Like Day-Night Test. Cognition 53 (2):129-153.
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  28.  3
    Jeffrey Seidman (2009). Caring and the Boundary-Driven Structure of Practical Deliberation. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 3 (1).
    When a reasonable agent deliberates about what to do, she entertains only a limited range of possible courses of action. A theory of practical reasoning must therefore include an account of deliberative attention: an account that both explains the patterns of deliberative attention that reasonable agents typically display and allows us to see why these patterns of deliberative attention are reasonable. I offer such an account, built around two, central claims. A reasonable agent who cares about some end is disposed (...)
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  29. Cora Diamond (2002). What If X Isn't the Number of Sheep? Wittgenstein and Thought-Experiments in Ethics. Philosophical Papers 31 (3):227-250.
    Wittgensteinian ethics, it may be thought, is committed to detailed examination of realistically described cases, and hence to eschewing the abstract hypothetical cases, many of them quite bizarre, found in much contemporary moral theorizing. I argue that bizarre cases may be helpful in thinking about ethics, and that there is nothing in Wittgenstein's approach to philosophy that would go against this. I examine the case of the ring of Gyges from the Republic; and I consider also some contemporary arguments about (...)
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  30. James Conant & Cora Diamond (2004). On Reading the Tractatus Resolutely: Reply to Meredith Williams and Peter Sullivan. In Max Kölbel & Bernhard Weiss (eds.), Wittgenstein's lasting significance. Routledge
    Wittgenstein gives voice to an aspiration that is central to his later philosophy, well before he becomes later Wittgenstein, when he writes in §4.112 of the Tractatus that philosophy is not a matter of putting forward a doctrine or a theory, but consists rather in the practice of an activity – an activity he goes on to characterize as one of elucidation or clarification – an activity which he says does not result in philosophische Sätze, in propositions of philosophy, but (...)
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  31. Steven Seidman (1991). The End of Sociological Theory: The Postmodern Hope. Sociological Theory 9 (2):131-146.
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  32.  2
    Marian C. Diamond (1980). New Data Supporting Cortical Asymmetry Differences in Males and Females. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):233.
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  33. Cora Diamond (2000). Does Bismarck Have a Beetle in His Box? In Alice Crary & Rupert J. Read (eds.), The New Wittgenstein. Routledge
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  34. Cora Diamond (forthcoming). How Old Are These Bones? Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society.
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  35.  35
    Jeffrey Seidman (2005). Two Sides of 'Silencing'. Philosophical Quarterly 55 (218):68 - 77.
    John McDowell argues that for virtuous agents the requirements of virtue do not outweigh competing considerations, but 'silence' them. He explains this claim in two different ways: a virtuous agent (a) will not be tempted to act in a way which is incompatible with virtue ('motivational silencing'), or (b) will not believe that he has any reason to act in a way which is incompatible with virtue ('rational silencing'). I identify a small class of cases in which alone McDowell's claims (...)
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  36.  1
    Rhea Diamond & Susan Carey (1986). Why Faces Are and Are Not Special: An Effect of Expertise. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 115 (2):107-117.
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  37. James Arthur Diamond (2004). Leon Wieseltier's Kaddish : Mourning as a "Delirium of Study&Quot. Philosophy and Literature 28 (1):150-156.
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  38. Cora Diamond (1991). The Importance of Being Human. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:35-62.
    I want to argue for the importance of the notion human being in ethics. Part I of the paper presents two different sorts of argument against treating that notion as important in ethics. A. Here is an example of the first sort of argument. What makes us human beings is that we have certain properties, but these properties, making us members of a certain biological species, have no moral relevance. If, on the other hand, we define being human in terms (...)
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  39.  52
    Cora Diamond (2013). Criticising From “Outside”. Philosophical Investigations 36 (1):114-132.
    I look at a disagreement between Elizabeth Anscombe, on the one hand, and Peter Winch and Ilham Dilman, on the other, about whether it is legitimate to call something an error that counts as knowledge within some alien system of belief; and I look also at the question what Wittgenstein's view was. I try to show that our understanding of what is real cannot be adequately elucidated if we consider only its role within language-games, and I argue that an important (...)
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  40. Cora Diamond (1985). Missing the Adventure: Reply to Martha Nussbaum. Journal of Philosophy 82 (10):530-531.
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  41.  3
    A. L. Diamond (1953). Foveal Simultaneous Brightness Contrast as a Function of Inducing, and Test-Field Luminances. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (5):304.
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  42.  92
    Cora Diamond (2010). Murdoch the Explorer. Philosophical Topics 38 (1):51-8.
    One of Iris Murdoch's most characteristic philosophical ideas is that any way of understanding what moral philosophy is and how it may be practised will be shaped by deep-going conceptual attitudes, of which moral philosophers themselves may be unaware. In her own philosophical writings, she tried to bring out the role played by these attitudes, and to unsettle accepted ideas about the subject. I examine some of the elements in her thought which open up different ways of understanding the subject, (...)
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  43. Steven Seidman (1994). Queer-Ing Sociology, Sociologizing Queer Theory: An Introduction. Sociological Theory 12 (2):166-177.
  44. Cora Diamond (1993). Martha Nussbaum and the Need for Novels. Philosophical Investigations 16 (2):128-153.
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  45. Steven Seidman (ed.) (1996). Queer Theory/Sociology. Blackwell.
    This book aims to productively engage the pioneering work of Queer theorists and point toe way towards a new sociological Queer studies.
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  46.  44
    Cora Diamond (2015). Disagreements: Anscombe, Geach, Wittgenstein. Philosophical Investigations 38 (1-2):1-24.
    My essay explains and examines Anscombe's disagreement with Wittgenstein about what the Tractatus supposedly excludes. I also discuss her apparent disagreement with Geach about propositions that lack an intelligible negation. My discussion of these disagreements leads to the topic of Anscombe on the relation between the “business of thinking” and truth. I suggest that she takes the business of thinking to include thinking that helps to keep thinking on track. Since there is a tie between thinking truly and the business (...)
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  47.  63
    Cora Diamond (2014). Wittgenstein and What Can Only Be True. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (2):9-40.
    In her Introduction to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus , Elizabeth Anscombe took it to be a fault of the Tractatus that it excluded the statement “‘Someone’ is not the name of someone”, which she took to be obviously true. It is not a bipolar proposition, and its negation, she said, peters out into nothingness. I examine the question whether she is right that the Tractatus excludes such propositions, and I consider her example in relation to other propositions which, arguably at least, have (...)
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  48. Cora Diamond (1988). Throwing Away the Ladder. Philosophy 63 (243):5-27.
    Whether one is reading Wittgenstein's Tractatus or his later writings, one must be struck by his insistence that he is not putting forward philosophical doctrines or theses; or by his suggestion that it cannot be done, that it is only through some confusion one is in about what one is doing that one could take oneself to be putting forward philosophical doctrines or theses at all. I think that there is almost nothing in Wittgenstein which is of value and which (...)
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  49. Steven Seidman (1994). Contested Knowledge Social Theory in the Postmodern Era. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  50.  37
    Cora Diamond (2012). The Skies of Dante and Our Skies: A Response to Ilham Dilman. Philosophical Investigations 35 (3-4):187-204.
    The philosophical image of a “universe of discourse” can be misleading in the suggestions it carries about how to read Wittgenstein and how to approach the topic of the relation between language and reality. That is what I try to show by examining Ilham Dilman's discussion of medieval cosmology. I sketch an alternative account of the relation between medieval beliefs about the heavens and our astronomical beliefs, and I consider in detail the disagreement between the two accounts.
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