Search results for 'Shepley Orr' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Shepley W. Orr (2007). Values, Preferences, and the Citizen-Consumer Distinction in Cost-Benefit Analysis. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (1):107-130.score: 240.0
    This article examines criticisms of cost-benefit analysis and the contingent valuation method from methodological and moral philosophical perspectives. Both perspectives argue that what should be elicited for public decisions are attitudes or values, not preferences, and that respondents should be treated as citizens and not consumers. The moral philosophical criticism argues in favour of deliberative approaches over cost-benefit analysis. The methodological perspective is here criticized for overemphasizing the importance of protest responses and anomalies and biases in contingent valuation, and for (...)
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  2. Shepley Orr (2007). The Methodology of Experimental Economics, by Francesco Guala. Cambridge University Press, 2005, Xi+286 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 23 (3):401-407.score: 240.0
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  3. Jonathan Wolff, Sarah Edwards, Sarah Richmond, Shepley Orr & Geraint Rees (2012). Evaluating Interventions in Health: A Reconciliatory Approach. Bioethics 26 (9):455-463.score: 240.0
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  4. Deborah Orr (1995). On Logic and Moral Voice. Informal Logic 17 (3).score: 60.0
    This paper explores some aspects of the concept 'logic' and its relation to moral voice, and argues that Menssen uses it too narrowly in her respone to Orr's "Just the Facts. Ma'am" and the work of Carol Gilligan. Grounded in the work of the later Wittgenstein, it is argued that formalized logic misses much of natural logic: the concept of 'moral talk' is developed to theorize Gilligan's ethic of care; it is argued that this form of moral deliberation is not (...)
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  5. H. Allen Orr (2005). Darwin V. Intelligent Design (Again). Think 4 (11):41-54.score: 60.0
    Orr argues that the latest attack on evolution is cleverly argued, biologically informed — and wrong. This is his review of Behe's book, Darwin's Black Box: The Biochemical Challenge to Evolution.
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  6. Robin P. Cubitt & Robert Sugden (2003). Common Knowledge, Salience and Convention: A Reconstruction of David Lewis' Game Theory. Economics and Philosophy 19 (2):175-210.score: 30.0
    David Lewis is widely credited with the first formulation of common knowledge and the first rigorous analysis of convention. However, common knowledge and convention entered mainstream game theory only when they were formulated, later and independently, by other theorists. As a result, some of the most distinctive and valuable features of Lewis' game theory have been overlooked. We re-examine this theory by reconstructing key parts in a more formal way, extending it, and showing how it differs from more recent game (...)
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  7. Matthew Orr (2006). What is a Scientific World View, and How Does It Bear on the Interplay of Science and Religion? Zygon 41 (2):435-444.score: 30.0
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  8. Mozaffar Qizilbash (2005). Transitivity and Vagueness. Economics and Philosophy 21 (1):109-131.score: 30.0
    Axiomatic utility theory plays a foundational role in some accounts of normative principles. In this context, it is sometimes argued that transitivity of “better than” is a logical truth. Larry Temkin and Stuart Rachels use various examples to argue that “better than” is non–transitive, and that transitivity is not a logical truth. These examples typically involve some sort of “discontinuity.” In his discussion of one of these examples, John Broome suggests that we should reject the claim which involves “discontinuity.” We (...)
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  9. Deborah Jane Orr (1989). Did Wittgenstein Have a Theory of Hinge Propositions? Philosophical Investigations 12 (2):134-153.score: 30.0
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  10. Jonathan Wolff, Sarah Edwards, Sarah Richmond, O. R. R. Shepley & Geraint Rees (2012). Evaluating Interventions in Health: A Reconciliatory Approach. Bioethics 26 (9):455-463.score: 30.0
    Health-related Quality of Life measures have recently been attacked from two directions, both of which criticize the preference-based method of evaluating health states they typically incorporate. One attack, based on work by Daniel Kahneman and others, argues that ‘experience’ is a better basis for evaluation. The other, inspired by Amartya Sen, argues that ‘capability’ should be the guiding concept. In addition, opinion differs as to whether health evaluation measures are best derived from consultations with the general public, with patients, or (...)
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  11. Catherine M. Orr (1997). Charting the Currents of the Third Wave. Hypatia 12 (3):29-45.score: 30.0
    The term "third wave" within contemporary feminism presents some initial difficulties in scholarly investigation. Located in popular-press anthologies, zines, punk music, and cyberspace, many third wave discourses constitute themselves as a break with both second wave and academic feminisms; a break problematic for both generations of feminists. The emergence of third wave feminism offers academic feminists an opportunity to rethink the context of knowledge production and the mediums through which we disseminate our work.
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  12. Robert D. Orr (2007). The Role of Moral Complicity in Issues of Conscience. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):23 – 24.score: 30.0
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  13. Robert D. Orr, Norman Pang, Edmund D. Pellegrino & Mark Siegler (1997). Use of the Hippocratic Oath: A Review of Twentieth Century Practice and a Content Analysis of Oaths Administered in Medical Schools in the US and Canada in 1993. [REVIEW] Journal of Clinical Ethics 8 (4):377.score: 30.0
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  14. Sergio Hojman & L. C. Shepley (1986). Equivalent Lagrangians in Classical Field Theory. Foundations of Physics 16 (5):465-481.score: 30.0
    Two Lagrangians L and L′ are equivalent if the equations of motion derived from them have the same set of solutions. In that case, a matrix Λ may be defined which has the property that the trace of any analytic function of Λ is a constant of the motion. We extend this trace theorem to the case of classical field theory and discuss some of the implications for quantum theory and for procedures for finding equivalent Lagrangians.
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  15. R. D. Orr, S. R. Gundry & L. L. Bailey (1997). Reanimation: Overcoming Objections and Obstacles to Organ Retrieval From Non-Heart-Beating Cadaver Donors. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (1):7-11.score: 30.0
    Interest in the retrieval of organs from non-heart-beating cadaver donors has been rekindled by the success of transplantation of solid organs and the insufficient supply of donor organs currently obtained from heart-beating cadaver donors. There are currently two retrieval techniques being evaluated, the in situ cold perfusion approach and the controlled death approach. Both, however, raise ethical concerns. Reanimation is a new method which has been used successfully in animals. We believe this new approach overcomes the ethical objections raised to (...)
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  16. Robert D. Orr (2007). The Role of Christian Belief in Public Policy. Christian Bioethics 13 (2):199-209.score: 30.0
    It seems intuitive to the believer that God intended through instruction in the Law to define morality, intended to lead humankind to “the right and the good.” Further, God's love for humankind, exemplified by the incarnation, atonement and teachings of Jesus, and empowered by the Holy Spirit, should lead to a better world. Indeed, the Christian worldview is a coherent and valid way to look at bioethical issues in public policy and at the bedside. Yet, as this paper explores, in (...)
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  17. Amber S. Orr & Matthew K. Wynia (2002). Ethics and Heroin Prescription: No More Fuzzy Goals! American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):52-53.score: 30.0
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  18. O. R. R. Shepley (2007). The Methodology of Experimental Economics, by Francesco Guala. Cambridge University Press, 2005, XI+286 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 23 (3):401-407.score: 30.0
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  19. Robert D. Orr (2009). Lynch, Holly Fernandez. 2008. Conflicts of Conscience in Health Care: An Institutional Compromise. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):389-390.score: 30.0
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  20. Robert D. Orr (2009). Medical Ethics and the Faith Factor: A Handbook for Clergy and Health-Care Professionals. William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..score: 30.0
    Clinical ethics is a relatively new discipline within medicine, generated not so much by the Can we . . . ? questions of fact and prognosis that physicians ...
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  21. S. W. Orr & J. Wolff (forthcoming). Reconciling Cost-Effectiveness with the Rule of Rescue: The Institutional Division of Moral Labour. Theory and Decision: An International Journal for Multidisciplinary Advances in Decision Sciences.score: 30.0
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  22. Helen M. Sharp & Robert D. Orr (2004). When "Minimal Risk" Research Yields Clinically-Significant Data, Maybe the Risks Aren't So Minimal. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):32-36.score: 30.0
    Surveys and routine clinical procedures applied in research protocols are typically considered only minimally risky to participants. The apparent benign nature of "minimal risk" tasks increases the chance that investigators and Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) will overlook the probability that clinical tools will identify signs, symptoms, or definitive test results that are clinically-relevant to subjects' welfare. "Minimal risk" procedures may also pose a particular hazard to participants in clinical research by increasing the therapeutic misconception because the tasks mimic clinical care (...)
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  23. Victoria Bush, Alan J. Bush & Linda Orr (2010). Monitoring the Ethical Use of Sales Technology: An Exploratory Field Investigation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 95 (2):239 - 257.score: 30.0
    The use of technology in marketing has become an increasingly important competitive tool in developing and maintaining efficient and productive customer relationships. However, the ethics of using this technology has received little attention. This study investigates how and if marketing organizations are adapting their ethics policies to incorporate use of sales technology (ST). Based on in-depth interviews with executives from a variety of highly regulated to nonregulated business-to-business and business-to-consumer industries, our results show that, although most organizations indeed have codes (...)
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  24. Jo P. Everett, Clifford A. Walters, Debra L. Stottlemyer, Curtis A. Knight, Andrew A. Oppenberg & Robert D. Orr (2011). To Lie or Not to Lie: Resident Physician Attitudes About the Use of Deception in Clinical Practice. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):333-338.score: 30.0
    Background Physicians face competing values of truth-telling and beneficence when deception may be employed in patient care. The purposes of this study were to assess resident physicians' attitudes towards lying, explore lie types and reported reasons for lying. Method After obtaining institutional review board review (OSR# 58013) and receiving exempt status, posts written by Loma Linda University resident physicians in response to forum questions in required online courses were collected from 2002 to 2007. Responses were blinded and manually coded by (...)
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  25. John Orr (1930). A Chronology of Vulgar Latin. By H. F. Muller. (Zeitschriftfür Romanische Philologie, Beiheft 78). Pp. Ix + 172. Halle : Niemeyer, 1929. Paper, M. 12.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (04):152-153.score: 30.0
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  26. James Orr (2014). “Being and Timelessness”: Edith Stein's Critique of Heideggerian Temporality. Modern Theology 30 (1):114-131.score: 30.0
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  27. Matthew Orr (2005). Is Nature Enough? Robert Frost Replies in "the Most of It". Zygon 40 (3):759-768.score: 30.0
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  28. Robert D. Orr (2001). Methods of Conflict Resolution at the Bedside. American Journal of Bioethics 1 (4):45-46.score: 30.0
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  29. Robert D. Orr (2003). Pilgrimage and Profession. HEC Forum 15 (4):352-361.score: 30.0
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  30. R. D. Orr & L. B. Genesen (1997). Requests for "Inappropriate" Treatment Based on Religious Beliefs. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (3):142-147.score: 30.0
    Requests by patients or their families for treatment which the patient's physician considers to be "inappropriate" are becoming more frequent than refusals of treatment which the physician considers appropriate. Such requests are often based on the patient's religious beliefs about the attributes of God (sovereignty, omnipotence), the attributes of persons (sanctity of life), or the individual's personal relationship with God (communication, commands, etc). We present four such cases and discuss some of the basic religious tenets of the three Abrahamic faith (...)
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  31. R. D. Orr (2012). The Physician's Right of Refusal: What Are the Limits? Christian Bioethics 18 (1):30-40.score: 30.0
    A physician’s long-established right to refuse to provide a requested service based on his or her moral beliefs is being challenged. Some authors suggest that physicians should not be licensed if they are unwilling to provide all legal services. Others would grant them the right to refuse, but require them to refer to a willing professional. What are the limits of a physician’s right to refuse? When such a right is claimed on moral grounds, what residual obligations does the physician (...)
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  32. Matthew K. Wynia, Deborah Cummins, David Fleming, Kari Karsjens, Amber Orr, James Sabin, Inger Saphire-Bernstein & Renee Witlen (2004). A Response to Commentators on “Improving Fairness in Coverage Decisions: Performance Expectations for Quality Improvement”. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):W40-W42.score: 30.0
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  33. R. D. Orr (1992). Awakening: Bad News and Good News. Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (3):204.score: 30.0
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  34. Robert D. Orr & Wayne Shelton (2009). A Process and Format for Clinical Ethics Consultation. Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (1):79.score: 30.0
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  35. David Orr (1994). Green Delusions: An Environmentalist Critique of Radical Environmentalism. Environmental Ethics 16 (3):329-332.score: 30.0
  36. R. D. Orr & L. B. Genesen (1998). Medicine, Ethics and Religion: Rational or Irrational? Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (6):385-387.score: 30.0
    Savulescu maintains that our paper, which encourages clinicians to honour requests for "inappropriate treatment" is prejudicial to his atheistic beliefs, and therefore wrong. In this paper we clarify and expand on our ideas, and respond to his assertion that medicine, ethics and atheism are objective, rational and true, while religion is irrational and false.
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  37. Robert D. Orr & Debra Craig (2007). Old Enough. Hastings Center Report 37 (6):15-16.score: 30.0
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  38. Wendy Orr (2008). Steve Biko, Medical Student Leader of the South African “Black Con-Sciousness Movement,” Was Arrested on August 6, 1977, and Died on September 11 as a Result of Police Beatings. Biko Was Seen by Two Dis-Trict Surgeons Who Were Later Accused of Failing to Render Adequate Atten-Tion. At the Time These Doctors Were Defended by the Medical Association of South Africa and the South African Medical and Dental Council. One of the Two Continued to Practice as a District Surgeon in the Port Eliza-Beth Region ... [REVIEW] In Neil Arya & Joanna Santa Barbara (eds.), Peace Through Health: How Health Professionals Can Work for a Less Violent World. Kumarian Press. 1111.score: 30.0
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  39. H. Allen Orr & Daven C. Presgraves (2000). Speciation by Postzygotic Isolation: Forces, Genes and Molecules. Bioessays 22 (12):1085-1094.score: 30.0
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  40. Robert D. Orr (2002). The Moral Status of the Embryonal Stem Cell: Inherent or Imputed? American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):57-59.score: 30.0
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  41. Leonard Orr (1980). The Role of the Reader: Explorations in the Semiotics of Texts (Review). Philosophy and Literature 4 (1):138-139.score: 30.0
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  42. R. D. Orr (2002). Is Posthumous Semen Retrieval Ethically Permissible? Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (5):299-302.score: 30.0
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  43. Robert Orr (1980). Kant and Gallie on Politics. Philosophy 55 (211):113 - 116.score: 30.0
  44. Leigh C. Bishop, Robert D. Orr & Dennis Leon (1995). Refusals Involving Requests. Hastings Center Report 25 (4):4-4.score: 30.0
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  45. G. Brown, G. C. Field & S. S. Orr (1945). Symposium: The Alleged Metaphysics in the "Republic". Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 19:165 - 229.score: 30.0
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  46. David Ray Griffin, David Ray Griflin, William A. Beardslee, Joe Holland, Huston Smith, Robert Inchausti, David W. Orr, John B. Cobb Jr, Marcus P. Ford & Pete Ay Gunter (2004). SUNY Series in Constructive Postmodern Thought David Ray Griffin, Series Editor. In T. E. Eastman & H. Keeton (eds.), Physics and Whitehead: Quantum, Process, and Experience. Suny Press.score: 30.0
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  47. Mary C. Orr (forthcoming). Book Review: Preaching as Local Theology and Folk Art. [REVIEW] Interpretation 53 (3):329-329.score: 30.0
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  48. John B. Orr (1974). Cognitive-Developmental Approaches to Moral Education: A Social Ethical Analysis. Educational Theory 24 (4):365-373.score: 30.0
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  49. Catherine Orr & Robert Hester (2012). Error-Related Anterior Cingulate Cortex Activity and the Prediction of Conscious Error Awareness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 30.0
    Research examining the neural mechanisms associated with error awareness has consistently identified dorsal anterior cingulate activity (ACC) as necessary but not predictive of conscious error detection. Two recent studies (Steinhauser and Yeung, 2010; Wessel et al. 2011) have found a contrary pattern of greater dorsal ACC activity (in the form of the error-related negativity) during detected errors, but suggested that the greater activity may instead reflect task influences (e.g., response conflict, error probability) and or individual variability (e.g., statistical power). We (...)
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  50. James Orr (2013). Edith Stein's Critique of Sociality in the Early Heidegger. Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosphie 55 (3).score: 30.0
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