Search results for 'Sheri Lucas' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Sheri Lucas (Queen's University)
  1.  28
    Sheri Lucas (2005). A Defense of the Feminist-Vegetarian Connection. Hypatia 20 (1):150-177.
    : Kathryn Paxton George's recent publication, Animal, Vegetable, or Woman? (2000), is the culmination of more than a decade's work and encompasses standard and original arguments against the feminist-vegetarian connection. This paper demonstrates that George's key arguments are deeply flawed, antithetical to basic feminist commitments, and beg the question against fundamental aspects of the debate. Those who do not accept the feminist-vegetarian connection should rethink their position or offer a non-question-begging defense of it.
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  2. John Lucas (2003). Lucas Against Mechanism: A Rejoinder. Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    Coder’s argument is very similar to Lewis’ one: he maintains that some human beings are not able to follow Gödel’s theorem, so Lucas’ argument cannot show that their minds are not machines. The answer of Lucas is that one proposed against Lewis’ criticism, that is that Mechanism makes a universal claim and so a single counter-example – a single mind producing a singe truth not recognizable by any machine – is a disproof for it.
     
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  3.  25
    Billy Joe Lucas (2002). Logical Constructivism, Modal Logic, and Metaphysics: A Reply to Professor Pruss' ``Professor Lucas' Second Epistemic Way''. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 52 (3):143-157.
  4.  11
    John R. Lucas (1984). Lucas Against Mechanism II: A Rejoinder. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (June):189-91.
  5.  15
    Billy Joe Lucas (1997). The Second Epistemic Way Revisited: Reply to Professor Beard's, 'Professor Lucas on Omniscience'. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (3):143-162.
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  6.  0
    J. R. Lucas (1973). ‘Because You Are a Woman’: J. R. Lucas. Philosophy 48 (184):161-171.
    Plato was the first feminist. In the Republic he puts forward the view that women are just the same as men, only not quite so good. It is a view which has often been expressed in recent years, and generates strong passions. Some of these have deep biological origins, which a philosopher can only hope to recognize and not to assuage. But much of the heat engendered is due to unnecessary friction between views which are certainly compatible and probably correct. (...)
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  7.  13
    J. R. Lucas (1998). Transcendental Tense: J.R. Lucas. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):45–56.
  8.  11
    J. R. Lucas (1984). Lucas, Godel and Astaire: A Rejoinder. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (137):507-508.
  9.  0
    J. R. Lucas (1977). Against Equality Again: J. R. Lucas. Philosophy 52 (201):255-280.
    Equality in the present age has become an idol, in much the same way as property was in the age of Locke. Many people worship it, and think that it provides the key to the proper understanding of politics, and that on it alone can a genuinely just society be reconstructed. This is a mistake. Although, like property, it is a useful concept, and although, like property, there are occasions when we want to have it in practice, it is not (...)
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  10. Richard Lucas (1717). An Enquiry After Happiness, by the Author of Practical Christianity. By R. Lucas.
     
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  11.  0
    J. R. Lucas (1993). A Mind of One's Own: J. R. Lucas. Philosophy 68 (266):457-471.
    Whatever good or ill it did to Guy Fawkes, his resuscitation at the hands of Bernard Williams has, by any utilitarian reckoning, been a Good Thing. A casual glance at the literature that has accumulated over the past thirty-five years leaves no doubt that the topic has been reduplicated many times over, to the great enjoyment of undergraduates, who have been able to write science fiction under the guise of essays in the Philosophy of Mind, and of dons, who in (...)
  12. Richard Lucas (1717). Humane Life: Or, a Second Part of the Enquiry After Happiness, by the Author of Practical Christianity. By R. Lucas.
     
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  13. Richard Lucas (1717). Religious Perfection: Or, a 3rd Part of the Enquiry After Happiness, by the Author of Practical Christianity. By R. Lucas.
     
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  14.  22
    J. R. Lucas (1995). Responsibility. Clarendon Press.
    Responsibility is a key concept in our moral, social, and political thinking, but it is not itself properly understood. J.R. Lucas here presents a lively, broad, and accessible discussion of responsibility in various areas of human life, from personal and sexual relations to politics.
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  15.  12
    J. R. Lucas (2000). The Conceptual Roots of Mathematics: An Essay on the Philosophy of Mathematics. Routledge.
    The Conceptual Roots of Mathematics is a comprehensive study of the foundation of mathematics. Lucas, one of the most distinguished Oxford scholars, covers a vast amount of ground in the philosophy of mathematics, showing us that it is actually at the heart of the study of epistemology and metaphysics.
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  16. J. Lucas (2003). The Implications of Gödel Theorem. Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    After a brief and informal explanation of the Gödel’s theorem as a version of the Epimenides’ paradox applied to Elementary Number Theory formulated in first-order logic, Lucas shows some of the most relevant consequences of this theorem, such as the impossibility to define truth in terms of provability and so the failure of Verificationist and Intuitionist arguments. He shows moreover how Gödel’s theorem proves that first-order arithmetic admits non-standard models, that Hilbert’s programme is untenable and that second-order logic is (...)
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  17.  0
    John Lucas (2003). Minds, Machines and Gödel. Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    In this article, Lucas maintains the falseness of Mechanism - the attempt to explain minds as machines - by means of Incompleteness Theorem of Gödel. Gödel’s theorem shows that in any system consistent and adequate for simple arithmetic there are formulae which cannot be proved in the system but that human minds can recognize as true; Lucas points out in his turn that Gödel’s theorem applies to machines because a machine is the concrete instantiation of a formal system: (...)
  18.  48
    J. R. Lucas, The Open Society €“ and ..
    There was once a leak from Hebdomadal Council. The Assessor told her husband, who told my wife, who told me that Monday afternoon had been spent discussing what Lucas would say if various courses of action were adopted, leading to the conclusion that it would be best to do nothing. I was flattered, but a bit surprised. The tide of philosophical scepticism had ebbed, and it was generally allowed that a reasonable way of discovering what someone would say (...)
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  19.  80
    John Lucas (2003). The Gödelian Argument: Turn Over the Page. Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    In this paper Lucas suggests that many of his critics have not read carefully neither his exposition nor Penrose’s one, so they seek to refute arguments they never proposed. Therefore he offers a brief history of the Gödelian argument put forward by Gödel, Penrose and Lucas itself: Gödel argued indeed that either mathematics is incompletable – that is axioms can never be comprised in a finite rule and so human mind surpasses the power of any finite machine – (...)
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  20.  47
    J. R. Lucas, The Huxley-Wilberforce Debate Revisited.
    According to the legend, Bishop Wilberforce (``Soapy Sam'') at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Oxford on Saturday, June 30th, 1860, turned to Thomas Huxley, and asked him ``Is it on your grandfather's or your grandmother's side that you claim descent from a monkey''; whereupon Huxley delivered a devastating rebuke, thereby establishing the primacy of scientific truth over ecclesiastical obscurantism. Although the legend is historically untrue in almost every detail, its persistence suggests that (...)
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  21.  11
    Brian Lucas (2013). Religious Confession Privilege and the Common Law [Book Review]. The Australasian Catholic Record 90 (1):113.
    Lucas, Brian Review(s) of: Religious confession privilege and the common law, by Keith Thompson (Leiden: Matinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2011), pp.395, E135.00.
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  22.  6
    Brian Lucas (2012). The Price of Freedom: Edmund Rice Educational Leader [Book Review]. The Australasian Catholic Record 89 (1):121.
    Lucas, Brian Review(s) of: The price of freedom: Edmund Rice educational leader, by Denis McLaughlin, East Kew: David Lovell Publishing, 2007, pp.397, $45.00.
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  23.  11
    J. R. Lucas, I Have Recently Had an E-Mail From Mr Evin Harris of Trinity College Dublin:.
    Dear Mr. Lucas, I was wondering if you had come across Query 44 of George Berkeley's ``Analyst: A discourse addressed to an infidel mathematician"?. It reads: ``Whether the difference between a mere computer and a man of science be not that one computes on principles clearly conceived and by rules evidently demonstrated, whereas the other [i.e a man] doth not?" Not bad for 1734!
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  24.  2
    Brian Lucas (2011). Pope Benedict XVI and the Sexual Abuse Crisis - Working for Reform and Renewal [Book Review]. The Australasian Catholic Record 88 (3):381.
    Lucas, Brian Review(s) of: Pope benedict XVI and the sexual abuse crisis - working for reform and renewal, Gregory Erlandson and Matthew Bunson, (Huntington, Indiana: Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division, 2010), pb, pp.207.
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  25.  4
    Brian Lucas (2012). The Episcopal Conference in the Communications Marketplace: Issues and Challenges for Catholic Identity and Ecclesiology. The Australasian Catholic Record 89 (4):408.
    Lucas, Brian This article deals with the role of the Episcopal Conference in the area of social communications and the tensions that arise with respect to the respective roles of the diocesan bishop and the Episcopal Conference, including lay heads of ecclesial agencies, in presenting 'the face of the Church' in the public forum. The article is divided into two sections: i)The Church as 'visible institution' and the ecclesiological and juridical foundations for identifying those who represent it in the (...)
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  26.  5
    Hello John Lucas, About Me.
    Hello Mr John Lucas, I go to school in Perth in Western Australia. In the subject mathematics at my school, we were given a project to research a given mathematician and write a report on them. I was given you. I have to incorporate some information about the mathematical times in which you live and to attempt to include details of the contribution that you made to the field of mathematics. I also have to include a short biography (...)
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  27.  5
    J. R. Lucas (1997). Comments: Reality and Time. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11 (1):97 – 108.
    (1997). Comments: Reality and time. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 11, Festschrift for J. R. Lucas, pp. 97-108. doi: 10.1080/02698599708573553.
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  28. John Lucas (2003). A Simple Exposition Of Gödel's Theorem. Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    Lucas introduces this paper by an account of how he began to be interested to questions about Materialism and Mechanism. Then he suggests a simple version of the Incompleteness theorem of Gödel, showing how this theorem proposes a version of the Epimenides’ paradox able to avoid the circularity of this paradox by means of the possibility to express meta-mathematics in terms of arithmetical propositions and by substituting questions concerning truth by questions concerning provability.
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  29. J. R. Lucas (2011). Conceptual Roots of Mathematics. Routledge.
    The Conceptual Roots of Mathematics is a comprehensive study of the foundation of mathematics. J.R. Lucas, one of the most distinguished Oxford scholars, covers a vast amount of ground in the philosophy of mathematics, showing us that it is actually at the heart of the study of epistemology and metaphysics.
     
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  30. J. R. Lucas (2003). Knowing the Unknowable God: How Faith Thrives on Divine Mystery. Waterbrook Press.
    Meet the God Who Is Greater Than Your Biggest Questions. The Bible never shies away from seeming contradictions. We are told both to resist our enemies and to love them, and that our all-knowing God can sometimes forget. Unable to reconcile such biblical paradoxes, some people abandon Christianity, while others pretend that the seeming contradictions don’t exist–preferring to believe in an uncomplicated, easy-to-comprehend God. Yet countless others are hungry for new insight into the God behind the Bible’s mysterious paradoxes. Responding (...)
     
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  31. J. R. Lucas (1996). Minds, Machines, and Gödel: A Retrospect. In P. J. R. Millican & A. Clark (eds.), Etica E Politica. Clarendon Press 1.
    In this paper Lucas comes back to Gödelian argument against Mecanism to clarify some points. First of all, he explains his use of Gödel’s theorem instead of Turing’s theorem, showing how Gödel’ theorem, but not Turing’s theorem, raises questions concerning truth and reasoning that bear on the nature of mind and how Turing’s theorem suggests that there is something that cannot be done by any computers but not that it can be done by human minds. He considers moreover how (...)
     
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  32.  0
    Brian Lucas (2015). Not-for-Profit Law: Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives [Book Review]. Australasian Catholic Record, The 92 (1):120.
    Lucas, Brian Review of: Not-for-profit law: Theoretical and comparative perspectives, by ed. Matthew Harding, Ann O'Connell and Miranda Stewart, pp. 396, ebook $125.40, hardback $175.00.
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  33.  0
    John Lucas (2003). This Gödel is Killing Me: A Rejoinder. Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    Hutton asserts that Lucas’ use of Gödel’s theorem against Mechanism is incorrect because of the impossibility to assume human minds’ consistency: he tries to show that there is a non-zero probability of a mind’s embracing mutually inconsistent propositions; moreover Hutton maintains that the request of human minds’ consistency is a request of infallibility. Lucas replies that the mistake of Hutton’s argument consists in his assigning probabilities to a mind’s accepting any proposition without considering what that mind has done (...)
  34.  29
    R. S. Lucas (1961). Autonomous Art and Art-History. British Journal of Aesthetics 1 (2):86-99.
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  35.  43
    P. G. Lucas (1954). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 63 (251):278-279.
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  36. John R. Lucas (1961). Minds, Machines and Godel. Philosophy 36 (April-July):112-127.
    Goedel's theorem states that in any consistent system which is strong enough to produce simple arithmetic there are formulae which cannot be proved-in-the-system, but which we can see to be true. Essentially, we consider the formula which says, in effect, "This formula is unprovable-in-the-system". If this formula were provable-in-the-system, we should have a contradiction: for if it were provablein-the-system, then it would not be unprovable-in-the-system, so that "This formula is unprovable-in-the-system" would be false: equally, if it were provable-in-the-system, then it (...)
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  37.  23
    J. R. Lucas, Wilberforce and Huxley: A Legendary Encounter.
    The legend of the encounter between Wilberforce and Huxley is well established. Almost every scientist knows, and every viewer of the BBC's recent programme on Darwin was shown,* how Samuel Wilberforce, bishop of Oxford, attempted to pour scorn on Darwin's Origin of Species at a meeting of the British Association in Oxford on 30 June 1860, and had the tables turned on him by T. H. Huxley. In this memorable encounter Huxley's simple scientific sincerity humbled the prelatical insolence and clerical (...)
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  38.  13
    Bénédicte Bes, Steven Sloman, Christopher G. Lucas & Éric Raufaste (2012). Non-Bayesian Inference: Causal Structure Trumps Correlation. Cognitive Science 36 (7):1178-1203.
    The study tests the hypothesis that conditional probability judgments can be influenced by causal links between the target event and the evidence even when the statistical relations among variables are held constant. Three experiments varied the causal structure relating three variables and found that (a) the target event was perceived as more probable when it was linked to evidence by a causal chain than when both variables shared a common cause; (b) predictive chains in which evidence is a cause of (...)
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  39.  5
    George Lucas (2009). Advice and Dissent: 'The Uniform Perspective'. Journal of Military Ethics 8 (2):141-161.
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  40.  21
    Peter Lucas (2011). Decision-Making Capacity and the Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (2):117-122.
    Principle 2 of the 2005 Mental Capacity Act (MCA) requires that decision-making capacity should be assumed, unless there is conclusive evidence, on a balance of probabilities, to the contrary (Department of Constitutional Affairs 2005). In his article “The Paradox of the Assessment of Capacity Under the Mental Capacity Act 2005,” Ajit Shah (2011) raises the concern that the new Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (DOLS), introduced through the Mental Health Act (Department of Health 2007), conflict with this principle (henceforth, the principle (...)
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  41. J. R. Lucas (1973). A Treatise on Time and Space. [London]Methuen.
     
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  42.  6
    J. R. Lucas (1984). Space, Time, and Causality: An Essay in Natural Philosophy. Clarendon Press.
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  43. J. R. Lucas (1990). Spacetime and Electromagnetism: An Essay on the Philosophy of the Special Theory of Relativity. Oxford University Press.
    That space and time should be integrated into a single entity, spacetime, is the great insight of Einstein's special theory of relativity, and leads us to regard spacetime as a fundamental context in which to make sense of the world around us. But it is not the only one. Causality is equally important and at least as far as the special theory goes, it cannot be subsumed under a fundamentally geometrical form of explanation. In fact, the agent of propagation of (...)
     
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  44.  5
    Hans-Chrisitan Lucas (1986). Lo Individual y Sus Relaciones in Ternas En Alfred North Whitehead. Process Studies 15 (1):65-68.
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  45.  1
    George R. Lucas (2011). Industrial Challenges of Military Robotics. Journal of Military Ethics 10 (4):274-295.
    Abstract This article evaluates the ?drive toward greater autonomy? in lethally-armed unmanned systems. Following a summary of the main criticisms and challenges to lethal autonomy, both engineering and ethical, raised by opponents of this effort, the article turns toward solutions or responses that defense industries and military end users might seek to incorporate in design, testing and manufacturing to address these concerns. The way forward encompasses a two-fold testing procedure for reliability incorporating empirical, quantitative benchmarks of performance in compliance with (...)
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  46.  4
    Patricia Cook Lucas (1987). Vico and Joyce. New Vico Studies 5:180-181.
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  47.  5
    Erica Lucas & Linden Ball (2005). Think-Aloud Protocols and the Selection Task: Evidence for Relevance Effects and Rationalisation Processes. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (1):35 – 66.
    Two experiments are reported that employed think-aloud methods to test predictions concerning relevance effects and rationalisation processes derivable from Evans' (1996) heuristic-analytic theory of the selection task. Evans' account proposes that card selections are triggered by relevance-determining heuristics, with analytic processing serving merely to rationalise heuristically cued decisions. As such, selected cards should be associated with more references to both their facing and their hidden sides than rejected cards, which are not subjected to analytic rationalisation. Experiment 1 used a standard (...)
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  48. J. R. Lucas (1969). Euclides Ab Omni Naevo Vindicatus. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):1-11.
    The issue is obscured by the fact that the word `space' can be used in four different ways. It can be used, first, as a term of pure mathematics, as when mathematicians talk of an `n-dimensional phase-space', an `n-dimensional vector-space', a `three-dimensional projective space' or a `twodimensional Riemannian space'. In this sense the word `space' means the totality of the abstract entities-the `points'-implicitly defined by the axioms. There is no doubt that there exist, iii this sense, non-Euclidean spaces, because all (...)
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  49.  24
    Gale M. Lucas & James Friedrich (2005). Individual Differences in Workplace Deviance and Integrity as Predictors of Academic Dishonesty. Ethics and Behavior 15 (1):15 – 35.
    Meta-analytic findings have suggested that individual differences are relatively weaker predictors of academic dishonesty than are situational factors. A robust literature on deviance correlates and workplace integrity testing, however, demonstrates that individual difference variables can be relatively strong predictors of a range of counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs). To the extent that academic cheating represents a kind of counterproductive behavior in the work role of "student", employment-type integrity measures should be strong predictors of academic dishonesty. Our results with a college student (...)
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  50. John R. Lucas (1970). Mechanism: A Rejoinder. Philosophy 45 (April):149-51.
    PROFESSOR LEWIS 1 and Professor Coder 2 criticize my use of Gödel's theorem to refute Mechanism. 3 Their criticisms are valuable. In order to meet them I need to show more clearly both what the tactic of my argument is at one crucial point and the general aim of the whole manoeuvre.
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