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  1. Stephanie de Oliveira Chen & Shinobu Kitayama (2013). Frontier Migration Fosters Ethos of Independence: Deconstructing the Climato-Economic Theory of Human Culture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):486 - 487.
    Evidence Van de Vliert draws on is more consistent with the idea that settlement in the frontier encourages independent mentality and individualistic social institutions. This cultural system can sometimes flourish, generating both wealth and power, but clearly not always. In our view, wealth is, for the most part, a measure of success of any given cultural group, and climate is important to the extent that it plays a role in creating rugged lands of frontier.
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  2. Shinobu Kitayama (2012). Integrating Two Epistemological Goals: Why Shouldn't We Give It Another Chance? Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (3):420-428.
    As Beller, Bender, and Medin (in press) pointed out in their target article, in the contemporary study of culture in psychology, anthropology is virtually invisible. In this commentary, I traced this invisibility to a root conflict in epistemological goals of the two disciplines: Whereas anthropologists value rich description of specific cultures, psychologists aspire to achieve theoretical simplicity. To anthropologists, then, to understand culture is to articulate symbolic systems that are at work in a given location at a given time. In (...)
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  3. Yuri Miyamoto, Sakiko Yoshikawa & Shinobu Kitayama (2011). Feature and Configuration in Face Processing: Japanese Are More Configural Than Americans. Cognitive Science 35 (3):563-574.
    Previous work suggests that Asians allocate more attention to configuration information than Caucasian Americans do. Yet this cultural variation has been found only with stimuli such as natural scenes and objects that require both feature- and configuration-based processing. Here, we show that the cultural variation also exists in face perception—a domain that is typically viewed as configural in nature. When asked to identify a prototypic face for a set of disparate exemplars, Japanese were more likely than Caucasian Americans to use (...)
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  4. Shinobu Kitayama, Mayumi Karasawa, Katherine B. Curhan, Carol D. Ryff & Hazel R. Markus (2010). Independence and Interdependence Predict Health and Wellbeing: Divergent Patterns in the United States and Japan. Frontiers in Psychology 1.
    A cross-cultural survey was used to examine two hypotheses designed to link culture to well-being and health. The first hypothesis states that people are motivated toward prevalent cultural mandates of either independence (personal control) in the United States or interdependence (relational harmony) in Japan. As predicted, Americans with compromised personal control and Japanese with strained relationships reported high perceived constraint. The second hypothesis holds that people achieve well-being and health through actualizing the respective cultural mandates in their modes of being. (...)
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  5. Sean Duffy & Shinobu Kitayama (2007). Mnemonic Context Effect in Two Cultures: Attention to Memory Representations? Cognitive Science 31 (6):1009-1020.
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  6. Shinobu Kitayama & Keiko Ishii (2002). Word and Voice: Spontaneous Attention to Emotional Utterances in Two Languages. Cognition and Emotion 16 (1):29-59.
  7. Shinobu Kitayama, Hazel Rose Markus & Masaru Kurokawa (2000). Culture, Emotion, and Well-Being: Good Feelings in Japan and the United States. Cognition and Emotion 14 (1):93-124.
  8. Shinobu Kitayama (1991). Impairment of Perception by Positive and Negative Affect. Cognition and Emotion 5 (4):255-274.
  9. Hazel R. Markus & Shinobu Kitayama (1991). Cultural Variation in the Self-Concept. In. In J. Strauss (ed.), The Self: Interdisciplinary Approaches. Springer-Verlag. 18--48.
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