Search results for 'Shushma Patel' (try it on Scholar)

133 found
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  1.  29
    Dilip Patel & Shushma Patel (2003). The Cognitive Process of Problem Solving: A Soft Systems Approach. [REVIEW] Brain and Mind 4 (2):283-295.
    In this paper we describe the nature and problems of business and define one aspect of the business environment. We then propose a framework based on augmented soft systems methodology and object technology that captures both the soft and hard aspects of a business environment within the context of organisational culture. We also briefly discuss cognitive informatics and its relevance to understanding problems and solutions. Pólya's work, which is based around solving mathematical problems, is considered within the context of information (...)
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  2.  10
    Katherine A. Yoshida, John R. Iversen, Aniruddh D. Patel, Reiko Mazuka, Hiromi Nito, Judit Gervain & Janet F. Werker (2010). The Development of Perceptual Grouping Biases in Infancy: A Japanese-English Cross-Linguistic Study. Cognition 115 (2):356-361.
    Perceptual grouping has traditionally been thought to be governed by innate, universal principles. However, recent work has found differences in Japanese and English speakers' non-linguistic perceptual grouping, implicating language in non-linguistic perceptual processes (Iversen, Patel, & Ohgushi, 2008). Two experiments test Japanese- and English-learning infants of 5-6 and 7-8 months of age to explore the development of grouping preferences. At 5-6 months, neither the Japanese nor the English infants revealed any systematic perceptual biases. However, by 7-8 months, the same (...)
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  3. Jiajie Zhang & Vimla L. Patel (2006). Distributed Cognition, Representation, and Affordance. Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):333-341.
    This article describes a representation-based framework of distributed cognition. This framework considers distributed cognition as a cognitive system whose structures and processes are distributed between internal and external representations, across a group of individuals, and across space and time. The major issue for distributed research, under this framework, are the distribution, transformation, and propagation of information across the components of the distributed cognitive system and how they affect the performance of the system as a whole. To demonstrate the value of (...)
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  4.  5
    Micah R. Bregman, Aniruddh D. Patel & Timothy Q. Gentner (2012). Stimulus-Dependent Flexibility in Non-Human Auditory Pitch Processing. Cognition 122 (1):51-60.
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  5.  6
    Aniruddh D. Patel & Joseph R. Daniele (2003). An Empirical Comparison of Rhythm in Language and Music. Cognition 87 (1):B35-B45.
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  6. Alan C. Gillies & Inderjit Patel (2009). IT and the NHS: Investigating Different Perspectives of IT Using Soft Systems Methodology. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (2).
    The UK NHS National Programme for IT has been criticized for a lack of clinical engagement. This paper uses a soft systems methodology analysis of a case study from the use of electronic systems within a National Health Service Mental Health Trust in the United Kingdom to explore the legal and ethical implications of the failure to develop clinical systems which are fit for purpose.Soft systems methodology was used as a theoretical model both to derive deeper insights into the survey (...)
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  7.  5
    Doniel Drazin, Kevin Spitler, Milos Cekic, Ashish Patel, George Hanna, Ali Shirzadi & Ray Chu (2013). Incidental Finding of Tumor While Investigating Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Ethical Considerations and Practical Strategies. Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1107-1120.
    High-resolution neuroimaging modalities are used often in studies involving healthy volunteers. Subsequently, a significant increase in the incidental discovery of asymptomatic intracranial abnormalities raised the important ethical issues of when follow-up and treatment may be necessary. We examined the literature to establish a practical set of criteria for approaching incidental findings. Our objective is to develop an algorithm for when follow-up may be important and to provide recommendations that would increase the likelihood of follow-up. A systematic literature search was performed (...)
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  8.  2
    Vimla L. Patel & Guy J. Groen (1986). Knowledge Based Solution Strategies in Medical Reasoning. Cognitive Science 10 (1):91-116.
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  9.  6
    Pragna Patel (2008). Faith in the State? Asian Women's Struggles for Human Rights in the U.K. Feminist Legal Studies 16 (1):9-36.
    The discourse of multiculturalism provides a useful means of understanding the complexities, tensions, and dilemmas that Asian and other minority women in the U.K. grapple with in their quest for human rights. However, the adoption of multiculturalist approaches has also silenced women’s voices, obscuring, for example, the role of the family in gendered violence and abuse. Focusing on the work of Southall Black Sisters, and locating this work within current debates on the intersection of government policy, cultural diversity, and feminist (...)
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  10.  14
    Ricardo Godoy, Victoria Reyes-García, Thomas McDade, Susan Tanner, William R. Leonard, Tomás Huanca, Vincent Vadez & Karishma Patel (2006). Why Do Mothers Favor Girls and Fathers, Boys? Human Nature 17 (2):169-189.
    Growing evidence suggests mothers invest more in girls than boys and fathers more in boys than girls. We develop a hypothesis that predicts preference for girls by the parent facing more resource constraints and preference for boys by the parent facing less constraint. We test the hypothesis with panel data from the Tsimane’, a foraging-farming society in the Bolivian Amazon. Tsimane’ mothers face more resource constraints than fathers. As predicted, mother’s wealth protected girl’s BMI, but father’s wealth had weak effects (...)
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  11.  7
    Aniruddh D. Patel & John R. Iversen (2007). The Linguistic Benefits of Musical Abilities. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):369-372.
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  12. Athula Sumathipala, Sisira Siribaddana & Vikram Patel (2004). Under-Representation of Developing Countries in the Research Literature: Ethical Issues Arising From a Survey of Five Leading Medical Journals. BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):5.
    BackgroundIt is widely acknowledged that there is a global divide on health care and health research known as the 10/90 divide.MethodsA retrospective survey of articles published in the BMJ, Lancet, NEJM, Annals of Internal Medicine & JAMA in a calendar year to examine the contribution of the developing world to medical literature. We categorized countries into four regions: UK, USA, Other Euro-American countries and . OEAC were European countries other than the UK but including Australia, New Zealand and Canada. RoW (...)
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  13.  2
    R. Klitzman, I. Albala, J. Siragusa, J. Patel & P. S. Appelbaum (2007). Disclosure of Information to Potential Subjects on Research Recruitment Web Sites. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 30 (1):15-20.
    Despite the developing influence of the Internet as a tool for reaching potential subjects, little empirical information exits on how individuals are recruited to participate in clinical research via the Internet or on what type of information clinical trial Web sites provide. This study revealed that roughly half of the sites failed to mention study risks or specific details about what the study required on the part of participants, while nearly three-quarters described incentives to participate. Moreover, for-profit entities were more (...)
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  14.  27
    Taran Patel & Anja Schaefer (2009). Making Sense of the Diversity of Ethical Decision Making in Business: An Illustration of the Indian Context. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):171 - 186.
    In this conceptual article, we look at the impact of culture on ethical decision making from a Douglasian Cultural Theory (CT) perspective. We aim to show how CT can be used to explain the diversity and dynamicity of ethical beliefs and behaviours found in every social system, be it a corporation, a nation or even an individual. We introduce CT in the context of ethical decision making and then use it to discuss examples of business ethics in the Indian business (...)
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  15.  52
    Sabina Alam, Jigisha Patel & James Giordano (2012). Working Towards a New Psychiatry - Neuroscience, Technology and the DSM-5. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):1-.
    This Editorial introduces the thematic series on 'Toward a New Psychiatry: Philosophical and Ethical Issues in Classification, Diagnosis and Care' http://www.biomedcentral.com/series/newpsychiatry.
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  16.  4
    K. Naguleswaran, T. Tribedi, J. Fenn, S. B. Patel & $authorfirstName $authorlastName (2015). This House Believes the NHS Should Be Privatised — 1st Southwest Medical Debate. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 10 (1):11.
    The inaugural southwest medical debate, between Exeter and Plymouth medical schools and respective health services, was held on the 3rd December 2014. Plymouth proposed the motion “This house believes the NHS should be privatised?” In an increasingly political climate, the National Health Service has become a constant topic for discussion in the media. On this occasion, all those debating were involved in the medical profession with roles encompassing clinical medicine, education, ethics, economics and policy. By allowing those with knowledge of (...)
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  17.  21
    Gaurav H. Patel, David M. Kaplan & Lawrence H. Snyder (2014). Topographic Organization in the Brain: Searching for General Principles. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (7):351-363.
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  18.  4
    Sam Grey & Raj Patel (2015). Food Sovereignty as Decolonization: Some Contributions From Indigenous Movements to Food System and Development Politics. Agriculture and Human Values 32 (3):431-444.
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  19. Leila Patel (2005). Social Welfare and Social Development: In South Africa. Oxford University Press South Africa.
    This textbook can be used throughout the undergraduate years of study and help develop students' competencies and locate social welfare theory and practice within a global, regional, and national context.
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  20.  5
    Malene Tanderup, Sunita Reddy, Tulsi Patel & Birgitte Bruun Nielsen (2015). Reproductive Ethics in Commercial Surrogacy: Decision-Making in IVF Clinics in New Delhi, India. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (3):491-501.
    As a neo-liberal economy, India has become one of the new health tourism destinations, with commercial gestational surrogacy as an expanding market. Yet the Indian Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill has been pending for five years, and the guidelines issued by the Indian Council of Medical Research are somewhat vague and contradictory, resulting in self-regulated practices of fertility clinics. This paper broadly looks at clinical ethics in reproduction in the practice of surrogacy and decision-making in various procedures. Through empirical research in (...)
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  21.  7
    Devang Patel (2011). Construction Sector. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 1.
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  22.  5
    P. Patel (2006). A Natural Stem Cell Therapy? How Novel Findings and Biotechnology Clarify the Ethics of Stem Cell Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4):235-239.
    The natural replacement of damaged cells by stem cells occurs actively and often in adult tissues, especially rapidly dividing cells such as blood cells. An exciting case in Boston, however, posits a kind of natural stem cell therapy provided to a mother by her fetus—long after the fetus is born. Because there is a profound lack of medical intervention, this therapy seems natural enough and is unlikely to be morally suspect. Nevertheless, we feel morally uncertain when we consider giving this (...)
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  23.  4
    Gregory K. Davis & Nipam H. Patel (2003). Playing by Pair‐Rules? Bioessays 25 (5):425-429.
  24.  5
    Kartikeya C. Patel (1994). The Paradox of Negation in N G Rjuna's Philosophy. Asian Philosophy 4 (1):17 – 32.
    Abstract This essay discusses the paradox of the N?g?rjunian negation as presented in his Vigrahavy?vartani. In Part One it is argued that as the Naiy?yika remarks, N?g?rjuna's speech act ?No proposition has its own intrinsic thesis? seemingly contradicts his famous claim that he has no negation whatsoever. In Parts Two and Three I consider the traditional as well as modem responses to this paradox and offer my own. I argue that N?g?rjuna's speech act does not generate a paradox for two (...)
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  25.  7
    Vimla L. Patel & Guy J. Groen (1993). Comparing Apples and Oranges: Some Dangers in Confusing Frameworks with Theories. Cognitive Science 17 (1):135-141.
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  26.  6
    Benjamin Plimpton, Priya Patel & Lia Kvavilashvili (2015). Role of Triggers and Dysphoria in Mind-Wandering About Past, Present and Future: A Laboratory Study. Consciousness and Cognition 33:261-276.
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  27. Jiajie Zhang & Vimla L. Patel (2006). Distributed Cognition, Representation, and Affordance. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):333-341.
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  28.  8
    Reena Patel (2005). Book Review: Flavia Agnes, Sudhir Chandra and Monmayee Basu (Eds.), Women and Law in India–An Omnibus Comprising Flavia Agnes, Law and Gender Inequality, Sudhir Chandra, Enslaved Daughters and Monmayee Basu, Hindu Women and Marriage Law, New Delhi: OUP, 2004, 766 Pp.,£ 26.95, ISBN: 0 19 5667670. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 13 (2):259-261.
  29.  8
    Divya Rajamohan, Elena Matsa, Spandan Kalra, James Crutchley, Asha Patel, Vinoj George & Chris Denning (2013). Current Status of Drug Screening and Disease Modelling in Human Pluripotent Stem Cells. Bioessays 35 (3):281-298.
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  30.  7
    Reena Patel (2003). Vrinda Narain,Gender and Community: Muslim Women's Rights in India, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001. Feminist Legal Studies 11 (3):303-305.
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  31.  5
    V. Modem, M. Patel & R. Quigley (2013). Cystatin C as an Early Biomarker of Renal Dysfunction in Children with Acute Kidney Injury Due to Cardio-Pulmonary Bypass. Complexity 116 (144):0-011.
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  32.  4
    Shyamal Patel (2003). Poem on Ethics. Questions 3:6-6.
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  33.  15
    Richard Zeckhauser, Jayendu Patel & Darryll Hendricks (1991). Nonrational Actors and Financial Market Behavior. Theory and Decision 31 (2-3):257-287.
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  34. D. A. Evans & V. L. Patel (eds.) (1992). Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice. Springer.
     
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  35. H. C. Sabelli, L. CarlsonSabelli, M. Patel & A. Sugerman (1997). Dynamics and Psychodynamics: Process Foundations of Psychology. Journal of Mind and Behavior 18 (2-3).
     
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  36.  14
    Mukesh J. Patel (1994). Concept Formation: A Complex Adaptative Approach. Theoria 9 (1):89-108.
    Concept formation is complex cognitive phenomenon which has been only partially modelIed in Cognitive Psychology and AI. Following a detailed and critical evaluation of such models we conclude that their main shortcoming of not being able to explain the nature of the semantics of concepts is because they fail to take into account the role of learning in concept formation. As a radical alternative it is proposed that a more (semantically) complete model would necessarily have to give an account of (...)
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  37.  21
    Edwin Dickens, Eliza F. Kent, Rita M. Gross, M. Whitney Kelting & Deven M. Patel (2007). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 11 (1):115-123.
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  38.  8
    U. J. Patel (2013). Advance Statement of Consent From Patients with Primary CNS Tumours to Organ Donation and Elective Ventilation. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (3):143-144.
    A deficit in the number of organs available for transplantation persists even with an increase in donation rates. One possible choice of donor for organs that appears under-referred and/or unaccepted is patients with primary brain tumours. In spite of advances in the treatment of high-grade primary central nervous system (CNS) tumours, the prognosis remains dire. A working group on organs from donors with primary CNS tumours showed that the risk of transmission is small and outweighs the benefits of waiting for (...)
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  39.  5
    Ved Patel (2013). An Introduction to Indian Philosophy: Perspectives on Reality, Knowledge, and Freedom by Bina Gupta (Review). Philosophy East and West 63 (4):664-668.
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  40.  5
    Jignesh J. Patel, Margaret As Mendes, Mark Bounthavong, Melissa Ld Christopher, Daniel Boggie & Anthony P. Morreale (2012). Cost‐Utility Analysis of Bevacizumab Versus Ranibizumab in Neovascular Age‐Related Macular Degeneration Using a Markov Model. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):247-255.
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  41.  3
    A. A. Khobragade, K. B. Thakkar, G. V. Billa, S. B. Patel, B. N. Vallish & S. Kosale (2013). Animals in Medical Training and Research: Transforming Perceptions in Medical Schools, India. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (11):717-718.
    IntroductionExperimental research on animals has been guided by principles of the three Rs: reduction, refinement and replacement.1 Recently the fourth R—rehabilitation—has also been incorporated to enhance the welfare of animals that are used in research. With growing scientific curiosity and increasing research, animal use has anything but reduced despite the fact that modern technology has brought to fore many alternatives to animal use.2 ,3 There are many arguments for and against animal use. In India, there has been a proposal to (...)
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  42.  4
    Kartikeya C. Patel (1994). Women, Earth, and the Goddess: A Shākta-Hindu Interpretation of Embodied Religion. Hypatia 9 (4):69 - 87.
    This essay explores the notion of female embodiment and its relation to the phenomenon of religion. It explains religious beliefs, acts, and events in terms of the worship of the female body. By elucidating this standpoint, this essay hopes to reclaim the centrality of the female body and its importance in the study of philosophy of religion.
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  43.  4
    R. Bruce Swensen & Jayen B. Patel (2004). NYSE Sector Returns and Political Cycles. Journal of Business Ethics 49 (4):387-395.
    We address three issues regarding the relationship between political party affiliation and returns in the equities markets, as measured by the NYSE Composite Index and its sub-indexes. First, we find a tendency for returns to be greater during Democratic presidential administrations; however, this result is statistically insignificant. Second, we conclude that returns during the last two years of presidential administrations are greater than during the first two years. Third, we examine the relationship between the majority party in each house of (...)
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  44.  3
    Ved Patel (2013). An Introduction to Indian Philosophy: Perspectives on Reality, Knowledge, and Freedom by Bina Gupta. [REVIEW] Philosophy East and West 63 (4):664-668.
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  45.  3
    Christopher J. Dy, Samuel A. Taylor, Ronak M. Patel, Moira M. McCarthy, Timothy R. Roberts & Aaron Daluiski (2012). Does the Quality, Accuracy, and Readability of Information About Lateral Epicondylitis on the Internet Vary with the Search Term Used? In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press 420-425.
  46.  3
    Madhvi Patel, Mohamed If Shariff, Nimzing G. Ladep, Andrew V. Thillainayagam, Howard C. Thomas, Shahid A. Khan & Simon D. Taylor‐Robinson (2012). Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnostics and Screening. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):335-342.
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  47.  3
    Sonya Paisley Agnew, Michael M. Minieka, Ronak M. Patel & Daniel J. Nagle (2012). Correlation Between Preoperative Kimura Inching Studies and Intraoperative Findings During Endoscopic-Assisted Decompression of the Ulnar Nerve at the Elbow. In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press 370-373.
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  48.  1
    Minal Patel & Maria Chait (2011). Retroactive Adjustment of Perceived Time. Cognition 119 (1):125-130.
    Accurately timing acoustic events in dynamic scenes is fundamental to scene analysis. To detect events in busy scenes, listeners must often identify a change in the pattern of ongoing fluctuation, resulting in many ubiquitous events being detected later than when they occurred. This raises the question of how delayed detection time affects the manner in which such events are perceived relative to other events in the environment. To model these situations, we use sequences of tone-pips with a time-frequency pattern that (...)
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  49.  2
    Irshad Shaikh, Mohamed Boshnaq, Ahmed Al-Naher, Sapna Patel & George Tsavellas (2014). A Pilot Survey of Consenting Practice for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (1):9-10.
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  50.  1
    John R. Iversen, Aniruddh D. Patel, Brenda Nicodemus & Karen Emmorey (2015). Synchronization to Auditory and Visual Rhythms in Hearing and Deaf Individuals. Cognition 134:232-244.
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