Search results for 'Silka Martens' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Manfred Krifka & Silka Martens, Group Interaction in the Cockpit: Some Linguistic Factors.score: 240.0
    For a number of years it has been recognized that the social dynamics of group interaction is an import factor in the origin of accidents and in the way how accidents or accident-prone situations are handled in aviation (cf. Helmreich 1997a, 1997b). Factors related to interpersonal communication have been implicated in up to 80% of all aviation accidents over the past 20 years. As a reaction to this, Crew Resource Management (CRM) has been developed with the goal of rating and (...)
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  2. Rhonda Martens (2000). Kepler's Philosophy and the New Astronomy. Princeton University Press.score: 60.0
    Here, Rhonda Martens offers the first extended study of Kepler's philosophical views and shows how those views helped him construct and justify the new astronomy.
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  3. David B. Martens (1993). Close Enough to Reference. Synthese 95 (3):357 - 377.score: 30.0
    This paper proposes a response to the duplication objection to the descriptive theory of singular mental reference. This objection involves hypothetical cases in each of which there are a pair of qualitatively indistinguishable objects and a thought that apparently refers to only one of the pair, despite the descriptive indistinguishability of the two objects. I identify a concept of reference-likeness or closeness to reference, which is related to the concept of genuine singular reference as the concept of truthlikeness or closeness (...)
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  4. Stephen Pink & Stanley Martens, Schroedinger's Register: Foundational Issues and Physical Realization.score: 30.0
    This work-in-progress paper consists of four points which relate to the foundations and physical realization of quantum computing. The first point is that the qubit cannot be taken as the basic unit for quantum computing, because not every superposition of bit-strings of length n can be factored into a string of n-qubits. The second point is that the “No-cloning” theorem does not apply to the copying of one quantum register into another register, because the mathematical representation of this copying is (...)
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  5. Hans Martens & Willem M. De Muynck (1990). The Inaccuracy Principle. Foundations of Physics 20 (4):357-380.score: 30.0
    The problem of joint measurement of incompatible observables is investigated. Measurements are represented by positive operator-valued measures. A quantitative notion of inaccuracy is defined. It is shown that within this framework joint inaccurate measurements are possible for arbitrary maximal projection-valued measures on finite-dimensional spaces. The accuracy of such measurements is limited, as is shown by an inaccuracy inequality we derive. This new type of uncertainty relation can be unambiguously interpreted as referring to measurement precision rather than preparative quality. Several recent (...)
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  6. Magni Martens & H. Martens (2008). The Senses Linking Mind and Matter. Mind and Matter 6 (1):51-86.score: 30.0
    The present paper suggests how, from a scientific perspective, the senses establish a link between mind and matter. Ongoing research in sensory science and data analysis is related to the ongoing debate about a non-reductive theory of consciousness based on psychophysical principles. Sensory science is interdisciplinary and deals with the human perception of objects by the senses of sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing etc. Perception as information pro- cessing is here understood in terms of interactions between external physical stimuli and (...)
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  7. David B. Martens (2011). A Late Medieval Dispute About the Conditions for Knowledge. Philosophical Papers 40 (3):421-438.score: 30.0
    Philosophical Papers, Volume 40, Issue 3, Page 421-438, November 2011.
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  8. David B. Martens (2010). First-Person Belief and Empirical Certainty. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 91 (1):118-136.score: 30.0
    This is a critical exposition and limited defence of a theory of first-person belief transiently held by Roderick Chisholm after giving up the early haecceity theory of Person and Object (1976) and before adopting the late self-attribution theory of The First Person (1981). I reconstruct that 'middle' theory as involving what I call a 'hard-core' approach to de re belief and I rebut objections concerning epistemic supervenience and abnormal consciousness. In my rebuttals, I sketch a variant of (...)
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  9. Johannes Martens (2011). Social Evolution and Strategic Thinking. Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):697-715.score: 30.0
    Thinking about organisms as if they were rational agents which could choose their own phenotypic traits according to their fitness values is a common heuristic in the field of evolutionary theory. In a 1998 paper, however, Elliott Sober has emphasized several alleged shortcomings of this kind of analogical reasoning when applied to the analysis of social behaviors. According to him, the main flaw of this heuristic is that it proves to be a misleading tool when it is used for predicting (...)
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  10. David B. Martens (2010). William Heytesbury and the Conditions for Knowledge. Theoria 76 (4):355-374.score: 30.0
    Ivan Boh affirms and Robert Pasnau denies that William Heytesbury holds merely true belief to be sufficient for knowledge in the broad sense. I argue that Boh is correct and Pasnau is mistaken, and that there is a long-running orthodox medieval tradition agreeing with Heytesbury about the conditions for knowledge. I offer a hypothesis about the origins, continuance and demise of that medieval tradition, and some remarks about the tradition's significance.
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  11. R. Martens (1999). Kepler's Solution to the Problem of a Realist Celestial Mechanics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 30 (3):377-394.score: 30.0
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  12. Stanley Martens & Kevin Stevens (1994). The Fasb's Cost/Benefit Constraint in Theory and Practice. Journal of Business Ethics 13 (3):171 - 179.score: 30.0
    The FASB in its Conceptual Framework has set high principles in the ethics of standard-setting in accounting. This paper concentrates on what the FASB calls the cost/benefit constraint, i.e., the commitment to setting an accounting standard only when the benefits of the standard exceeds the costs of that standard toall stakeholders. This constraint is supposed to take precedence over other concerns, such as neutrality (freedom from bias) of account information.The major conclusion of this paper is that a conflict exists between (...)
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  13. W. M. De Muynck, W. De Baere & H. Martens (1994). Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics, Joint Measurement of Incompatible Observables, and Counterfactual Definiteness. Foundations of Physics 24 (12):1589-1664.score: 30.0
    The validity of the conclusion to the nonlocality of quantum mechanics, accepted widely today as the only reasonable solution to the EPR and Bell issues, is questioned and criticized. Arguments are presented which remove the compelling character of this conclusion and make clear that it is not the most obvious solution. Alternative solutions are developed which are free of the contradictions related with the nonlocality conclusion. Firstly, the dependence on the adopted interpretation is shown, with the conclusion that the alleged (...)
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  14. David B. Martens (2006). Confidence in Unwarranted Knowledge. Erkenntnis 65 (2):143 - 164.score: 30.0
    Epistemic minimalism affirms that mere true belief is sufficient for propositional knowledge. I construct a taxonomy of some specific forms of minimalism and locate within that taxonomy the distinct positions of various advocates of minimalism, including Alvin Goldman, Jaakko Hintikka, Crispin Sartwell, Wolfgang Lenzen, Franz von Kutschera, and others. I weigh generic minimalism against William Lycan’s objection that minimalism is incompatible with plausible principles about relations between knowledge, belief, and confidence. I argue that Lycan’s objection fails for equivocation but that (...)
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  15. John W. Martens (2003). One God, One Law: Philo of Alexandria on the Mosaic and Greco-Roman Law. Brill Academic Publishers.score: 30.0
    This book studies the influence of Hellenism and Greco-Roman philosophy on Philo of Alexandria's view of the Mosaic law.
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  16. Tarvi Martens (2010). Electronic Identity Management in Estonia Between Market and State Governance. Identity in the Information Society 3 (1):213-233.score: 30.0
    The present paper summarizes the development of the national electronic Identity Management System (eIDMS) in Estonia according to a conceptual framework developed in an European comparative research project outlined in the first chapter of this special issue. Its main function is to amend the picture of the European eIDMS landscape by presenting a case with high involvement of the private sector and thereby checking the generalizations from the comparisons of Austria, Belgium, Germany and Spain, presented by Kubicek and Noack in (...)
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  17. Hans Martens & Willem M. De Muynck (1990). Nonideal Quantum Measurements. Foundations of Physics 20 (3):255-281.score: 30.0
    A partial ordering in the class of observables (∼ positive operator-valued measures, introduced by Davies and by Ludwig) is explored. The ordering is interpreted as a form of nonideality, and it allows one to compare ideal and nonideal versions of the same observable. Optimality is defined as maximality in the sense of the ordering. The framework gives a generalization of the usual (implicit) definition of self-adjoint operators as optimal observables (von Neumann), but it can, in contrast to this latter definition, (...)
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  18. David B. Martens (2006). Combination, Convention, and Possibility. Journal of Philosophy 103 (11):577-586.score: 30.0
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  19. E. M. Barth & J. L. Martens (eds.) (1982). Argumentation: Approaches to Theory Formation: Containing the Contributions to the Groningen Conference on the Theory of Argumentation, October 1978. Benjamins.score: 30.0
    The contributions in the first part Re-modelling logic of this volume take account of formal logic in the theory of rational argumentation.
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  20. Stanley C. Martens (1978). Spinoza on Attributes. Synthese 37 (1):107 - 111.score: 30.0
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  21. Liesbeth Martens & Giuseppe Primiero (2012). A Formal Approach to Vague Expressions with Indexicals. In Alastair Butler (ed.), Proceedings of the Ninth International Workshop of Logic and Engineering of Natural Language Semantics (LENLS 9). Japan Society for Artificial Intelligence.score: 30.0
  22. David Martens (2003). Steve Fuller's Thomas Kuhn. Social Epistemology 17 (2-3):225-228.score: 30.0
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  23. David B. Martens (2000). Points of View. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (2):488-491.score: 30.0
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  24. Rhonda Martens (2014). Patrick J. Boner Kepler's Cosmological Synthesis: Astrology, Mechanism and the Soul (History of Science and Medicine Library 39; Medieval and Early Modern Science 20) (Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2013), Pp. 204, € 101, $138, ISBN 978 90 04 24608 9 (Hardback). [REVIEW] Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):197-199.score: 30.0
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  25. David B. Martens (1994). Demonstratives, Descriptions, and Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):947-963.score: 30.0
  26. Rhonda Martens (2009). Harmony and Simplicity: Aesthetic Virtues and the Rise of Testability. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (3):258-266.score: 30.0
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  27. D. B. Martens (2012). Knowledge and True Belief in Early Analytic Philosophy. South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):576-599.score: 30.0
    I argue that the sufficiency of true belief for knowledge was accepted by some principal figures in the early history of analytic philosophy, including Russell, Schlick, McTaggart, and Moore, among others.
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  28. Karl Martens (1998). Tobias Trappe, Transzendentale Erfahrung. Vorstudien Zu Einer Transzendentalen Methodenlehre. Husserl Studies 15 (3):231-238.score: 30.0
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  29. Charles H. Cho, Martin L. Martens, Hakkyun Kim & Michelle Rodrigue (2011). Astroturfing Global Warming: It Isn't Always Greener on the Other Side of the Fence. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):571-587.score: 30.0
    Astroturf organizations are fake grassroots organizations usually sponsored by large corporations to support any arguments or claims in their favor, or to challenge and deny those against them. They constitute the corporate version of grassroots social movements. Serious ethical and societal concerns underline this astroturfing practice, especially if corporations are successful in influencing public opinion by undertaking a social movement approach. This study is motivated by this particular issue and examines the effectiveness of astroturf organizations in the global warming context, (...)
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  30. Lori Tansey Martens & Kristen Day (1999). Five Common Mistakes in Designing and Implementing a Business Ethics Program. Business and Society Review 104 (2):163-170.score: 30.0
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  31. Ekkehard Martens (2007). Natur als Norm bei Platon – ein Fehlschluss? Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 55 (6):995-998.score: 30.0
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  32. Johannes Martens (forthcoming). Organisms in Evolution. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.score: 30.0
  33. Bernd Martens (1986). Reproduzierbarkeit Von Ergebnissen Vs. Heuristischer Gehalt Wissenschaftlicher Konzepte. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 17 (2):256-264.score: 30.0
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  34. Stanley Martens (1979). Strawson on Term-Ordering. Crítica 11 (33):67 - 78.score: 30.0
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  35. David B. Martens (1993). Frege and Other Philosophers. International Philosophical Quarterly 33 (4):479-480.score: 30.0
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  36. Ekkehard Martens (2009). (Germany) Pleasure in Philosophizing—Not Just for Children. In Eva Marsal, Takara Dobashi & Barbara Weber (eds.), Children Philosophize Worldwide: Theoretical and Practical Concepts. Peter Lang. 9--219.score: 30.0
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  37. Willem H. J. Martens (2010). Positive Functions of Psychosis. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 41 (2):216-233.score: 30.0
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  38. David B. Martens (1997). Russell and Analytic Philosophy A. D. Irvine and G. A. Wedeking, Editors Toronto, Buffalo, and London: University of Toronto Press, 1993, Xv + 424 Pp., $115. [REVIEW] Dialogue 36 (02):413-.score: 30.0
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  39. David B. Martens (2002). The Nature of Meaningfulness: Representing, Powers, and Meaning Robert K. Shope Studies in Epistemology and Cognitive Theory Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999, Xii + 327 Pp., $65.00, $22.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Dialogue 41 (01):204-.score: 30.0
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  40. David B. Martens (2001). Timothy Williamson, Knowledge and its Limits Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 21 (3):226-228.score: 30.0
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  41. Peter J. de Jong, Ernst Hw Koster, Rineke van Wees & Sander Martens (2009). Emotional Facial Expressions and the Attentional Blink: Attenuated Blink for Angry and Happy Faces Irrespective of Social Anxiety. Cognition and Emotion 23 (8):1640-1652.score: 30.0
  42. Marilee A. Martens, Adam E. Hasinski, Rebecca R. Andridge & William A. Cunningham (2012). Continuous Cognitive Dynamics of the Evaluation of Trustworthiness in Williams Syndrome. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 30.0
    The decision to approach or avoid an unfamiliar person is based in part on one’s evaluation of facial expressions. Individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) are characterized in part by an excessive desire to approach people, but they display deficits in identifying facial emotional expressions. Likert-scale ratings are generally used to examine approachability ratings in WS, but these measures only capture an individual’s final approach/avoid decision. The present study expands on previous research by utilizing mouse-tracking methodology to visually display the nature (...)
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  43. David B. Martens (1994). Review: Review Essays: Demonstratives, Descriptions, and Knowledge: A Critical Study of Three Recent Books. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):947 - 963.score: 30.0
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  44. P. S. Lake, Margaret A. Palmer, Peter Biro, Jonathan Cole, Alan P. Covich, Cliff Dahm, Janine Gibert, Willem Goedkoop, Koen Martens & Jos Verhoeven (2000). Global Change and the Biodiversity of Freshwater Ecosystems: Impacts on Linkages Between Above-Sediment and Sediment Biota. Bioscience 50 (12):1099.score: 30.0
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  45. P. S. Lake, Margaret A. Palmer, Peter Biro, Jonathan Cole, Alan P. Covich, Cliff Dahm, Janine Gibert, Willem Goedkoop, Koen Martens & Jos Verhoeven (2000). Global Change and the Biodiversity of Freshwater Ecosystems: Impacts on Linkages Between Above-Sediment and Sediment Biota All Forms of Anthropogenic Disturbance—Changes in Land Use, Biogeochemical Processes, or Biotic Addition or Loss—Not Only Damage the Biota of Freshwater Sediments but Also Disrupt the Linkages Between Above-Sediment and Sediment-Dwelling Biota. Bioscience 50 (12):1099-1107.score: 30.0
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  46. Willem H. J. Martens (2007). A Multicomponential Model of Authenticity. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):73-88.score: 30.0
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  47. Rhonda Martens (2004). Book Review: Kepler's Philosophy and the New Astronomy. [REVIEW] Annals of Science 61:133-134.score: 30.0
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  48. David B. Martens (2004). David E. Cooper, Meaning Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 24 (6):396-397.score: 30.0
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  49. Ekkehard Martens (2009). (Germany)" Can Animals Think?"—The Five Most Important Methods of Philosophizing with Children. In Eva Marsal, Takara Dobashi & Barbara Weber (eds.), Children Philosophize Worldwide: Theoretical and Practical Concepts. Peter Lang. 9--497.score: 30.0
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  50. Harald Martens & Achim Kohler (2009). Mathematics and Measurements for High-Throughput Quantitative Biology. Biological Theory 4 (1):29-43.score: 30.0
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