Search results for 'Silka Martens' (try it on Scholar)

215 found
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  1.  14
    Manfred Krifka & Silka Martens, Group Interaction in the Cockpit: Some Linguistic Factors.
    For a number of years it has been recognized that the social dynamics of group interaction is an import factor in the origin of accidents and in the way how accidents or accident-prone situations are handled in aviation (cf. Helmreich 1997a, 1997b). Factors related to interpersonal communication have been implicated in up to 80% of all aviation accidents over the past 20 years. As a reaction to this, Crew Resource Management (CRM) has been developed with the goal of rating and (...)
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  2.  4
    Rhonda Martens (2000). Kepler's Philosophy and the New Astronomy. Princeton University Press.
    Here, Rhonda Martens offers the first extended study of Kepler's philosophical views and shows how those views helped him construct and justify the new astronomy.
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  3.  8
    Johannes Martens (forthcoming). Organisms in Evolution. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.
  4. David B. Martens (2006). Combination, Convention, and Possibility. Journal of Philosophy 103 (11):577-586.
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  5.  40
    Hans Martens & Willem M. De Muynck (1990). The Inaccuracy Principle. Foundations of Physics 20 (4):357-380.
    The problem of joint measurement of incompatible observables is investigated. Measurements are represented by positive operator-valued measures. A quantitative notion of inaccuracy is defined. It is shown that within this framework joint inaccurate measurements are possible for arbitrary maximal projection-valued measures on finite-dimensional spaces. The accuracy of such measurements is limited, as is shown by an inaccuracy inequality we derive. This new type of uncertainty relation can be unambiguously interpreted as referring to measurement precision rather than preparative quality. Several recent (...)
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  6.  2
    Ekkehard Martens (2009). (Germany)" Can Animals Think?"—The Five Most Important Methods of Philosophizing with Children. In Eva Marsal, Takara Dobashi & Barbara Weber (eds.), Children Philosophize Worldwide: Theoretical and Practical Concepts. Peter Lang 9--497.
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  7.  4
    Harald Martens & Achim Kohler (2009). Mathematics and Measurements for High-Throughput Quantitative Biology. Biological Theory 4 (1):29-43.
    Bioscientists generate far more data than their minds can handle, and this trend is likely to continue. With the aid of a small set of versatile tools for mathematical modeling and statistical assessment, bioscientists can explore their real-world systems without experiencing data overflow. This article outlines an approach for combining modern high-throughput, low-cost, but non-selective biospectroscopy measurements with soft, multivariate biochemometrics data modeling to overview complex systems, test hypotheses, and making new discoveries. From preliminary, broad hypotheses and goals, many relevant (...)
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  8.  21
    Johannes Martens (2011). Social Evolution and Strategic Thinking. Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):697-715.
    Thinking about organisms as if they were rational agents which could choose their own phenotypic traits according to their fitness values is a common heuristic in the field of evolutionary theory. In a 1998 paper, however, Elliott Sober has emphasized several alleged shortcomings of this kind of analogical reasoning when applied to the analysis of social behaviors. According to him, the main flaw of this heuristic is that it proves to be a misleading tool when it is used for predicting (...)
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  9.  25
    Rhonda Martens (2014). Patrick J. Boner Kepler’s Cosmological Synthesis: Astrology, Mechanism and the Soul , Pp. 204, € 101, $138, ISBN 978 90 04 24608 9. [REVIEW] Early Science and Medicine 19 (2):197-199.
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  10.  26
    Hans Martens & Willem M. De Muynck (1990). Nonideal Quantum Measurements. Foundations of Physics 20 (3):255-281.
    A partial ordering in the class of observables (∼ positive operator-valued measures, introduced by Davies and by Ludwig) is explored. The ordering is interpreted as a form of nonideality, and it allows one to compare ideal and nonideal versions of the same observable. Optimality is defined as maximality in the sense of the ordering. The framework gives a generalization of the usual (implicit) definition of self-adjoint operators as optimal observables (von Neumann), but it can, in contrast to this latter definition, (...)
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  11.  7
    Charles H. Cho, Martin L. Martens, Hakkyun Kim & Michelle Rodrigue (2011). Astroturfing Global Warming: It Isn't Always Greener on the Other Side of the Fence. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):571-587.
    Astroturf organizations are fake grassroots organizations usually sponsored by large corporations to support any arguments or claims in their favor, or to challenge and deny those against them. They constitute the corporate version of grassroots social movements. Serious ethical and societal concerns underline this astroturfing practice, especially if corporations are successful in influencing public opinion by undertaking a social movement approach. This study is motivated by this particular issue and examines the effectiveness of astroturf organizations in the global warming context, (...)
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  12.  1
    David Martens (2010). Knowledge, True Belief, and Virtuous Fallibilism. European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (2):14-24.
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  13.  1
    Margaret A. Palmer, Alan P. Covich, Sam Lake, Peter Biro, Jacqui J. Brooks, Jonathan Cole, Cliff Dahm, Janine Gibert, Willem Goedkoop, Koen Martens, Jos Verhoeven & Wouter J. van de Bund (2000). Linkages Between Aquatic Sediment Biota and Life Above Sediments as Potential Drivers of Biodiversity and Ecological Processes. BioScience 50 (12):1062.
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  14.  14
    E. M. Barth & J. L. Martens (eds.) (1982). Argumentation: Approaches to Theory Formation: Containing the Contributions to the Groningen Conference on the Theory of Argumentation, October 1978. Benjamins.
    The contributions in the first part Re-modelling logic of this volume take account of formal logic in the theory of rational argumentation.
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  15.  4
    Peter J. de Jong, Ernst Hw Koster, Rineke van Wees & Sander Martens (2009). Emotional Facial Expressions and the Attentional Blink: Attenuated Blink for Angry and Happy Faces Irrespective of Social Anxiety. Cognition and Emotion 23 (8):1640-1652.
  16.  4
    M. Amarian, E. Aschenauer, N. Bianchi, A. Borissov, J. Brack, S. Brons, N. C. R. Makins, F. K. Martens, F. Meissner & C. A. Miller (1997). The HERMES Charm Upgrade Program: A Measurement of the Double Spin Asymmetry in Charm Leptoproduction. Hermes 97:004.
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  17.  4
    Kerstin Martens (2004). Bypassing Obstacles to Access: How NGOs Are Taken Piggy-Back to the UN. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 5 (3):80-91.
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  18.  5
    David B. Martens (2002). The Nature of Meaningfulness. Dialogue 41 (1):204-205.
  19.  1
    Jody D. Martens, Mirjam J. Werkhoven, Johan L. Severens & Ron A. G. Winkens (2007). Effects of a Behaviour Independent Financial Incentive on Prescribing Behaviour of General Practitioners. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (3):369-373.
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  20.  1
    P. S. Lake, Margaret A. Palmer, Peter Biro, Jonathan Cole, Alan P. Covich, Cliff Dahm, Janine Gibert, Willem Goedkoop, Koen Martens & Jos Verhoeven (2000). Global Change and the Biodiversity of Freshwater Ecosystems: Impacts on Linkages Between Above-Sediment and Sediment Biota. BioScience 50 (12):1099.
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  21.  17
    David B. Martens (2006). Confidence in Unwarranted Knowledge. Erkenntnis 65 (2):143 - 164.
    Epistemic minimalism affirms that mere true belief is sufficient for propositional knowledge. I construct a taxonomy of some specific forms of minimalism and locate within that taxonomy the distinct positions of various advocates of minimalism, including Alvin Goldman, Jaakko Hintikka, Crispin Sartwell, Wolfgang Lenzen, Franz von Kutschera, and others. I weigh generic minimalism against William Lycan’s objection that minimalism is incompatible with plausible principles about relations between knowledge, belief, and confidence. I argue that Lycan’s objection fails for equivocation but that (...)
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  22.  3
    Pascal Wabnitz, Ulla Martens & Frank Neuner (forthcoming). Written Threat: Electrophysiological Evidence for an Attention Bias to Affective Words in Social Anxiety Disorder. Cognition and Emotion:1-23.
  23.  3
    David B. Martens (2002). New Axiomatizations of Vern. Logica Trianguli 6:21-24.
    This note gives two new axiomatizations of each of the modal logics Vern by extension of K with, respectively, an inference rule and an axiom schema other than Vern.
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  24.  3
    David B. Martens (1999). The Philosophy of Roderick M. Chisholm. International Philosophical Quarterly 39 (3):366-368.
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  25.  73
    David B. Martens (1993). Close Enough to Reference. Synthese 95 (3):357 - 377.
    This paper proposes a response to the duplication objection to the descriptive theory of singular mental reference. This objection involves hypothetical cases in each of which there are a pair of qualitatively indistinguishable objects and a thought that apparently refers to only one of the pair, despite the descriptive indistinguishability of the two objects. I identify a concept of reference-likeness or closeness to reference, which is related to the concept of genuine singular reference as the concept of truthlikeness or closeness (...)
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  26.  6
    Lori Tansey Martens & Kristen Day (1999). Five Common Mistakes in Designing and Implementing a Business Ethics Program. Business and Society Review 104 (2):163-170.
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  27.  28
    Liesbeth Martens & Giuseppe Primiero (2012). A Formal Approach to Vague Expressions with Indexicals. In Alastair Butler (ed.), Proceedings of the Ninth International Workshop of Logic and Engineering of Natural Language Semantics (LENLS 9). Japan Society for Artificial Intelligence
  28.  52
    Stephen Pink & Stanley Martens, Schroedinger's Register: Foundational Issues and Physical Realization.
    This work-in-progress paper consists of four points which relate to the foundations and physical realization of quantum computing. The first point is that the qubit cannot be taken as the basic unit for quantum computing, because not every superposition of bit-strings of length n can be factored into a string of n-qubits. The second point is that the “No-cloning” theorem does not apply to the copying of one quantum register into another register, because the mathematical representation of this copying is (...)
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  29.  15
    David B. Martens (1994). Demonstratives, Descriptions, and Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):947-963.
  30.  14
    W. M. De Muynck, W. De Baere & H. Martens (1994). Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics, Joint Measurement of Incompatible Observables, and Counterfactual Definiteness. Foundations of Physics 24 (12):1589-1664.
    The validity of the conclusion to the nonlocality of quantum mechanics, accepted widely today as the only reasonable solution to the EPR and Bell issues, is questioned and criticized. Arguments are presented which remove the compelling character of this conclusion and make clear that it is not the most obvious solution. Alternative solutions are developed which are free of the contradictions related with the nonlocality conclusion. Firstly, the dependence on the adopted interpretation is shown, with the conclusion that the alleged (...)
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  31. Else M. Barth & Jan L. Martens (1977). Argumentum Ad Hominem: From Chaos to Formal Dialectic. Logique Et Analyse 20 (77):76-96.
     
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  32. Will Martens (2000). Gegenstände und Eigenschaften. Vom Nutzen einer einfachen philosophischen Unterscheidung. In Peter-Ulrich Merz-Benz & Gerhard Wagner (eds.), Die Logik der Systeme. Universitätsverlag Konstanz 257--302.
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  33.  9
    D. B. Martens (2012). Knowledge and True Belief in Early Analytic Philosophy. South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):576-599.
    I argue that the sufficiency of true belief for knowledge was accepted by some principal figures in the early history of analytic philosophy, including Russell, Schlick, McTaggart, and Moore, among others.
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  34.  6
    Ekkehard Martens (2009). (Germany) Pleasure in Philosophizing—Not Just for Children. In Eva Marsal, Takara Dobashi & Barbara Weber (eds.), Children Philosophize Worldwide: Theoretical and Practical Concepts. Peter Lang 9--219.
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  35.  19
    David B. Martens (2011). A Late Medieval Dispute About the Conditions for Knowledge. Philosophical Papers 40 (3):421-438.
    Philosophical Papers, Volume 40, Issue 3, Page 421-438, November 2011.
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  36.  2
    Pam Brown, Betty Davies & Nola Martens (forthcoming). Families in Supportive Care: II. Palliative Care at Home: A Viable Care Setting. Journal of Palliative Care.
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  37.  6
    David B. Martens (2001). Timothy Williamson, Knowledge and its Limits Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 21 (3):226-228.
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  38.  5
    Jim Martens (1995). The Need for a Chesterton Institute. The Chesterton Review 21 (4):564-564.
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  39.  4
    Willem Martens (2005). A Multicomponential Model of Shame. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 35 (4):399-411.
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  40.  1
    Didier Martens (2001). Les retables flamands sculptés du Bas Moyen Âge. À propos d'un ouvrage récent. Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 79 (2):679-686.
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  41.  5
    Magni Martens & Finn Tschudi (2010). Multivariate Psychophysics, Multivariate Data: Human Senses and Their Measurement. Biological Theory 5 (4):337-343.
    We reflect upon quantification in biology in two ways. First, from a sensory scientific perspective, we address theories and methods for studying sensation, perception, and cognition. Sensory science concerns action of the human senses, which are not passive receivers but operate in an active and fundamental way for human beings in various social and environmental contexts. In the past one could only handle one-to-one relationships within a univariate framework. Today we have tools to capture complexity closer to real world situations. (...)
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  42.  3
    Margaret A. Palmer, Alan P. Covich, S. A. M. Lake, Peter Biro, Jacqui J. Brooks, Jonathan Cole, Cliff Dahm, Janine Gibert, Willem Goedkoop & Koen Martens (2000). Linkages Between Aquatic Sediment Biota and Life Above Sediments as Potential Drivers of Biodiversity and Ecological Processes A Disruption or Intensification of the Direct and Indirect Chemical, Physical, or Biological Interactions Between Aquatic Sediment Biota and Biota Living Above the Sediments May Accelerate Biodiversity Loss and Contribute to the Degradation of Aquatic and Riparian Habitats. BioScience 50 (12):1062-1075.
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  43.  18
    David B. Martens (2010). William Heytesbury and the Conditions for Knowledge. Theoria 76 (4):355-374.
    Ivan Boh affirms and Robert Pasnau denies that William Heytesbury holds merely true belief to be sufficient for knowledge in the broad sense. I argue that Boh is correct and Pasnau is mistaken, and that there is a long-running orthodox medieval tradition agreeing with Heytesbury about the conditions for knowledge. I offer a hypothesis about the origins, continuance and demise of that medieval tradition, and some remarks about the tradition's significance.
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  44.  4
    Rhonda Martens (2004). Book Review: Kepler's Philosophy and the New Astronomy. [REVIEW] Annals of Science 61:133-134.
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  45.  20
    David B. Martens (2010). First-Person Belief and Empirical Certainty. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 91 (1):118-136.
    This is a critical exposition and limited defence of a theory of first-person belief transiently held by Roderick Chisholm after giving up the early haecceity theory of Person and Object (1976) and before adopting the late self-attribution theory of The First Person (1981). I reconstruct that 'middle' theory as involving what I call a 'hard-core' approach to de re belief and I rebut objections concerning epistemic supervenience and abnormal consciousness. In my rebuttals, I sketch a variant of (...)
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  46.  4
    Stanley Martens (1979). Strawson on Term-Ordering. Critica 11 (33):67 - 78.
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  47.  13
    Karl Martens (1998). Tobias Trappe, Transzendentale Erfahrung. Vorstudien Zu Einer Transzendentalen Methodenlehre. Husserl Studies 15 (3):231-238.
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  48.  19
    Stanley C. Martens (1978). Spinoza on Attributes. Synthese 37 (1):107 - 111.
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  49.  11
    David B. Martens (2000). Points of View. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (2):488-491.
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  50.  18
    Stanley Martens & Kevin Stevens (1994). The Fasb's Cost/Benefit Constraint in Theory and Practice. Journal of Business Ethics 13 (3):171 - 179.
    The FASB in its Conceptual Framework has set high principles in the ethics of standard-setting in accounting. This paper concentrates on what the FASB calls the cost/benefit constraint, i.e., the commitment to setting an accounting standard only when the benefits of the standard exceeds the costs of that standard toall stakeholders. This constraint is supposed to take precedence over other concerns, such as neutrality (freedom from bias) of account information.The major conclusion of this paper is that a conflict exists between (...)
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