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Simon Garrod [24]Simon C. Garrod [3]
  1. Nicolas Fay, Michael Arbib & Simon Garrod (2013). How to Bootstrap a Human Communication System. Cognitive Science 37 (7):1356-1367.
    How might a human communication system be bootstrapped in the absence of conventional language? We argue that motivated signs play an important role (i.e., signs that are linked to meaning by structural resemblance or by natural association). An experimental study is then reported in which participants try to communicate a range of pre-specified items to a partner using repeated non-linguistic vocalization, repeated gesture, or repeated non-linguistic vocalization plus gesture (but without using their existing language system). Gesture proved more effective (measured (...)
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  2. Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod (2013). An Integrated Theory of Language Production and Comprehension. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):329-347.
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  3. Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod (2013). Forward Models and Their Implications for Production, Comprehension, and Dialogue. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):377-392.
    Our target article proposed that language production and comprehension are interwoven, with speakers making predictions of their own utterances and comprehenders making predictions of other people's utterances at different linguistic levels. Here, we respond to comments about such issues as cognitive architecture and its neural basis, learning and development, monitoring, the nature of forward models, communicative intentions, and dialogue.
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  4. Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod (2013). How Tightly Are Production and Comprehension Interwoven? Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  5. Uri Hasson, Asif A. Ghazanfar, Bruno Galantucci, Simon Garrod & Christian Keysers (2012). Brain-to-Brain Coupling: A Mechanism for Creating and Sharing a Social World. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):114-121.
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  6. Laura Menenti, Martin J. Pickering & Simon C. Garrod (2012). Toward a Neural Basis of Interactive Alignment in Conversation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
    The interactive-alignment account of dialogue proposes that interlocutors achieve conversational success by aligning their understanding of the situation under discussion. Such alignment occurs because they prime each other at different levels of representation (e.g., phonology, syntax, semantics), and this is possible because these representations are shared across production and comprehension. In this paper, we briefly review the behavioural evidence, and then consider how findings from cognitive neuroscience might lend support to this account, on the assumption that alignment of neural activity (...)
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  7. Bruno Galantucci & Simon Garrod (2011). Experimental Semiotics: A Review. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.
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  8. Nicolas Fay, Simon Garrod, Leo Roberts & Nik Swoboda (2010). The Interactive Evolution of Human Communication Systems. Cognitive Science 34 (3):351-386.
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  9. Bruno Galantucci & Simon Garrod (2010). Experimental Semiotics: A New Approach for Studying the Emergence and the Evolution of Human Communication. Interaction Studies 11 (1):1-13.
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  10. Simon Garrod, Nicolas Fay, Shane Rogers, Bradley Walker & Nik Swoboda (2010). Can Iterated Learning Explain the Emergence of Graphical Symbols? Interaction Studies 11 (1):33-50.
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  11. Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering (2009). Joint Action, Interactive Alignment, and Dialog. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):292-304.
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  12. Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering (2008). Shared Circuits in Language and Communication. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (1):26-27.
    The target article says surprisingly little about the possible role of shared circuits in language and communication. This commentary considers how they might contribute to linguistic communication, particularly during dialogue. We argue that shared circuits are used to promote alignment between linguistic representations at many levels and to support production-based emulation of linguistic input during comprehension.
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  13. Simon Garrod, Nicolas Fay, John Lee, Jon Oberlander & Tracy MacLeod (2007). Foundations of Representation: Where Might Graphical Symbol Systems Come From? Cognitive Science 31 (6):961-987.
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  14. Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod (2007). Do People Use Language Production to Make Predictions During Comprehension? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):105-110.
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  15. Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering (2004). Why is Conversation so Easy? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):8-11.
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  16. Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod (2004). Toward a Mechanistic Psychology of Dialogue. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):169-190.
    Traditional mechanistic accounts of language processing derive almost entirely from the study of monologue. Yet, the most natural and basic form of language use is dialogue. As a result, these accounts may only offer limited theories of the mechanisms that underlie language processing in general. We propose a mechanistic account of dialogue, the interactive alignment account, and use it to derive a number of predictions about basic language processes. The account assumes that, in dialogue, the linguistic representations employed by the (...)
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  17. Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod (2004). The Interactive-Alignment Model: Developments and Refinements. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):212-225.
    The interactive-alignment model of dialogue provides an account of dialogue at the level of explanation normally associated with cognitive psychology. We develop our claim that interlocutors align their mental models via priming at many levels of linguistic representation, explicate our notion of automaticity, defend the minimal role of “other modeling,” and discuss the relationship between monologue and dialogue. The account can be applied to social and developmental psychology, and would benefit from computational modeling.
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  18. Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering (2003). Linguistics Fit for Dialogue. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):678-678.
    Foundations of Language (Jackendoff 2002) sets out to reconcile generative accounts of language structure with psychological accounts of language processing. We argue that Jackendoff's “parallel architecture” is a particularly appropriate linguistic framework for the interactive alignment account of dialogue processing. It offers a helpful definition of linguistic levels of representation, it gives an interesting account of routine expressions, and it supports radical incrementality in processing.
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  19. Simon Garrod & Massimo Poesio (2002). Plumbing Semantic Depths in Amsterdam. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (4):150-151.
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  20. Simon Garrod (1999). Books Etcetera-the Ascent of Babel: An Exploration of Language, Mind and Understanding. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (7):281.
     
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  21. Simon Garrod (1999). The Ascent of Babel: An Exploration of Language, Mind and Understanding by Gerry TM Altmann. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (7):282-282.
     
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  22. Simon Garrod, Gillian Ferrier & Siobhan Campbell (1999). In and On: Investigating the Functional Geometry of Spatial Prepositions. Cognition 72 (2):167-189.
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  23. Kenny R. Coventry, Richard Carmichael & Simon C. Garrod (1994). Spatial Prepositions, Object-Specific Function, and Task Requirements. Journal of Semantics 11 (4):289-309.
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  24. Simon Garrod & Gwyneth Doherty (1994). Conversation, Co-Ordination and Convention: An Empirical Investigation of How Groups Establish Linguistic Conventions. Cognition 53 (3):181-215.
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  25. Keith Rayner, Simon Garrod & Charles A. Perfetti (1992). Discourse Influences During Parsing Are Delayed. Cognition 45 (2):109-139.
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  26. Simon C. Garrod & Anthony J. Sanford (1988). Discourse Models as Interfaces Between Language and the Spatial World. Journal of Semantics 6 (1):147-160.
    This paper outlines an argument that the meaning of spatial terms depends critically upon our mental models of space. We argue that such models capture the functional geometry of spatial scenes to represent various control relations between the objects in the scene. The discussion centres around two analyses. First, an analysis of the spatial descriptions taken from task oriented dialogue, which seem to reflect a number of distinct mental models of the same visual scene, and secondly an analysis of simple (...)
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  27. Simon Garrod & Anthony Anderson (1987). Saying What You Mean in Dialogue: A Study in Conceptual and Semantic Co-Ordination. Cognition 27 (2):181-218.
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