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Profile: Joshua Smart (University of Missouri, Columbia)
Profile: Jack Smart (Monash University)
  1. J. J. C. Smart (2013). Why Philosophers Disagree. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (sup1):67-82.
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  2. Collin Rice & Joshua Smart (2011). Interdisciplinary Modeling: A Case Study of Evolutionary Economics. Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):655-675.
    Biologists and economists use models to study complex systems. This similarity between these disciplines has led to an interesting development: the borrowing of various components of model-based theorizing between the two domains. A major recent example of this strategy is economists’ utilization of the resources of evolutionary biology in order to construct models of economic systems. This general strategy has come to be called evolutionary economics and has been a source of much debate among economists. Although philosophers have developed literatures (...)
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  3. J. J. C. Smart (2008). The Tenseless Theory of Time. In Theodore Sider, John Hawthorne & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics. Blackwell Pub.. 226--38.
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  4. J. J. C. Smart, The Identity Theory of Mind. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The identity theory of mind holds that states and processes of the mind are identical to states and processes of the brain. Strictly speaking, it need not hold that the mind is identical to the brain. Idiomatically we do use ‘She has a good mind’ and ‘She has a good brain’ interchangeably but we would hardly say ‘Her mind weighs fifty ounces’. Here I take identifying mind and brain as being a matter of identifying processes and perhaps states of the (...)
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  5. J. J. C. Smart (2006). Metaphysical Illusions. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (2):167 – 175.
    The paper begins by considering David Armstrong's beautiful paper 'The Headless Woman Illusion and the Defence of Materialism', which conjectures how we get the illusion that there are non-physical qualia. There are discussions of other metaphysical illusions, that there is a passage of time, that we have libertarian free will, and that consciousness is ineffable (which last also relates to Armstrong), and of their possible explanations. Moral: avoid appeal to so called intuition or phenomenology.
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  6. John Smart (2006). Ockhamist Comments on Strawson. Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (s 10-11):158-162.
  7. Josephine Smart (2006). In Search of Anthropology in China : A Discipline Caught in a Web of Nation Building, Socialist Capitalism, and Globalization. In Gustavo Lins Ribeiro & Arturo Escobar (eds.), World Anthropologies: Disciplinary Transformations Within Systems of Power. Berg.
  8. Graham Cairns-Smith, Thomas W. Clark, Ravi Gomatam, Robert H. Kane, Nicholas Maxwell, J. J. C. Smart, Sean A. Spence & Henry P. Stapp (2005). Commentaries on David Hodgson's "a Plain Person's Free Will". Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (1):20-75.
    REMARKS ON EVOLUTION AND TIME-SCALES, Graham Cairns-Smith; HODGSON'S BLACK BOX, Thomas Clark; DO HODGSON'S PROPOSITIONS UNIQUELY CHARACTERIZE FREE WILL?, Ravi Gomatam; WHAT SHOULD WE RETAIN FROM A PLAIN PERSON'S CONCEPT OF FREE WILL?, Gilberto Gomes; ISOLATING DISPARATE CHALLENGES TO HODGSON'S ACCOUNT OF FREE WILL, Liberty Jaswal; FREE AGENCY AND LAWS OF NATURE, Robert Kane; SCIENCE VERSUS REALIZATION OF VALUE, NOT DETERMINISM VERSUS CHOICE, Nicholas Maxwell; COMMENTS ON HODGSON, J.J.C. Smart; THE VIEW FROM WITHIN, Sean Spence; COMMENTARY ON HODGSON, Henry Stapp.
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  9. J. J. C. Smart (2005). Comments on Hodgson. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (1):58-64.
  10. J. J. C. Smart (2004). The Brain in the Vat and the Question of Metaphysical Realism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (2):237-247.
    This article indicates some ways in which the fantasy of the brain in the vat has been used in thought experiments to discuss important philosophical problems. The first has to do with scepticism about the external world. The second has to do with Hilary Putnam’s arguments for the indeterminacy of reference and his rejection of metaphysical realism. The third issue to which the brain in the vat is relevant has to do with the difference between broad and narrow content of (...)
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  11. J. J. C. Smart (2004). Consciousness and Awareness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (2):41-50.
    This article is an attempt to show how the so called 'hard problem' in the philosophy of mind may in fact not be as hard as is usually supposed.
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  12. J. J. C. Smart (2004). The Space-Time World. In Tim Crane & Katalin Farkas (eds.), Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology. Oup Oxford.
     
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  13. J. J. C. Smart (2002). Infinite Minds: A Philosophical Cosmology. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (4):522.
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  14. J. J. C. Smart (2002). The Challenge of Scientific Materialism. In Alan R. Malachowski (ed.), Richard Rorty. London ;Sage. 1--5.
     
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  15. J. J. C. Smart (2002). The Compatibility of Direct Realism with the Scientific Account of Perception; Comment on Mark Crooks. Journal of Mind and Behavior 23 (3):239-244.
    These comments are concerned to show that direct realism about perception is quite compatible with the physical and neuroscientific story. Use is made of D.M. Armstrong's account of perception as coming to believe by means of the senses. What we come to believe about is the bird on the gatepost, say. So the account is direct realist. But it is obviously compatible with the scientific story which explains how the coming to believe comes about. We can also identify beliefs with (...)
     
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  16. J. J. C. Smart & J. J. Haldane (2002). Atheism and Theism. Wiley-Blackwell.
  17. Nicholas Maxwell & J. J. C. Smart (2000). Reviews-The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):907-912.
     
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  18. J. J. C. Smart (2000). Metaphysischer Realismus. In Marcus Willaschek (ed.), Realismus. Ferdinand Schöningh Verlag. 2143--107.
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  19. J. J. C. Smart (2000). Might You Not Have Been You? Philosophy Now 30:17-17.
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  20. J. J. C. Smart (2000). Nicholas Maxwell the Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):907-911.
  21. John Worrall, Deborah G. Mayo, J. J. C. Smart & Barry Barnes (2000). What is This Thing Called Philosophy of Science? Metascience 9 (2):172-198.
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  22. J. J. C. Smart (1999). Laws and Cosmology. In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer. 161--169.
    The main purpose of this paper is to seek a reconciliation between two apparently conflicting views of mine. I have argued (for example, Smart, 1963) for realism about theoretical entities, for example electrons, protons, photons, possibly space-time points, perhaps the ‘Y’-wave of Schrödinger’s equation and so on. Quine has also plausibly argued that we should believe in mathematical entities, since in physics we quantify over them no less than over electrons and protons. I except cases in which in physics the (...)
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  23. J. J. C. Smart (1999). Meaning and Purpose. Philosophy Now 24:16-16.
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  24. J. J. C. Smart (1999). Neural Circuits and Block Diagrams. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):849-849.
    This commentary is intended to illuminate Gold's & Stoljar's main contentions by exploiting a favorite comparison, namely, that between biology and electronics. Roughly, and leaving out Darwinian theory and the like, biology is physics and chemistry plus natural history just as electronics is physics plus wiring diagrams. Natural history (even that discovered by sophisticated apparatus such as electron microscopes) contains generalizations, not laws. Psychology and cognitive science typically give more abstract explanations, as do “block diagrams” in electronics, and are (...)
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  25. J. J. C. Smart (1999). Ruth Anna Putnam and the Fact-Value Distinction. Philosophy 74 (3):431-437.
    This article is a defence of the Fact-Value distinction against considerations brought up by Ruth Anna Putnam in three articles in Philosophy, especially her ‘Perceiving Facts and Values’ January 1998. I defend metaphysical realism about facts and anti-realism about values against Putnam' intermediate position about both and I relate the matter to the logic of imperatives. The motivations of scientists or historians to select fields of investigation are irrelevant to the objectivity of their hypotheses, and so is the goodness or (...)
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  26. J. J. C. Smart (1997). Act-Utilitarianism and Rule-Utilitarianism. In Thomas L. Carson & Paul K. Moser (eds.), Morality and the Good Life. Oup Usa.
     
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  27. J. J. C. Smart (1997). Forrest on God Without the Supernatural. Sophia 36 (1):24-37.
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  28. J. J. C. Smart (1997). Moral Values. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 51 (202):479-494.
     
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  29. J. J. C. Smart (1995). A Form of Metaphysical Realism. Philosophical Quarterly 45 (180):301-315.
    This essay defends a view which is near enough to Putnam's characterization of metaphysical realism for it to be called by the same name. Indeterminacy of reference is conceded, in the sense that there may be multiple reference relations, but it is denied that this implied belief in unknowable noumena. It is enough for metaphysical realism as conceived here, that there be at least one reference relation. The essay also argues against defining truth epistemically. Even a Peircean ideal theory might (...)
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  30. J. J. C. Smart (1995). 'Looks Red' and Dangerous Talk. Philosophy 70 (274):545-554.
    This paper is partly to get rid of some irritation which I have felt at the quite common tendency of philosophers to elucidate ‘is red’ in terms of ‘looks red’. For a relatively recent example see, for example, Frank Jackson and Robert Pargetter, ‘An Objectivist′s Guide to Subjectivism about Colour’. However rather than try to make a long list of references, I would rather say ‘No names, no pack drill’. I have even been disturbed to find the use of the (...)
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  31. J. J. C. Smart (1994). Mind and Brain. In The Mind-Body Problem: A Guide to the Current Debate. Cambridge: Blackwell.
     
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  32. J. J. C. Smart (1994). The Mind-Body Problem: A Guide to the Current Debate. Cambridge: Blackwell.
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  33. J. J. C. Smart (1993). Laws of Nature as a Species of Regularities. In John Bacon, Keith Campbell & Lloyd Reinhardt (eds.), Ontology, Causality and Mind: Essays in Honour of D.M. Armstrong. Cambridge Up. 152-169.
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  34. J. J. C. Smart (1992). Between Science and Philosophy: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Random House.
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  35. J. J. C. Smart (1992). Wittgenstein, Following a Rule, and Scientific Psychology. In Edna Ullmann-Margalit (ed.), The Scientific Enterprise. Kluwer. 123--137.
  36. J. J. C. Smart (1991). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Mind 100 (397):152-155.
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  37. J. J. C. Smart (1990). Value, Truth, and Action:Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the Philosophy of Value. David Wiggins. Ethics 100 (3):628-.
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  38. J. J. C. Smart (1990). Explanation—Opening Address. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:1-19.
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  39. J. J. C. Smart (1990). Explanation—Opening Address: J. J. C. Smart. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:1-19.
    It is a pleasure for me to give this opening address to the Royal Institute of Philosophy Conference on ‘Explanation’ for two reasons. The first is that it is succeeded by exciting symposia and other papers concerned with various special aspects of the topic of explanation. The second is that the conference is being held in my old alma mater , the University of Glasgow, where I did my first degree. Especially due to C. A. Campbell and George Brown there (...)
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  40. J. J. C. Smart (1990). Essays Metaphysical and Moral: Selected Philosophical Papers. Philosophical Review 99 (4):656-661.
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  41. J. J. C. Smart (1990). Our Place in the Universe. Mind 99 (394):315-316.
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  42. J. J. C. Smart (1990). Review: Value, Truth, and Action. [REVIEW] Ethics 100 (3):628 - 640.
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  43. J. D. Smart (1989). Homer – Texts and Contexts. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 39 (1):1-3.
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  44. J. D. Smart (1989). Homer – Texts and Contexts Michael Lynn-George: Epos: Word, Narrative and the Iliad. (Language, Discourse, Society.) Pp. Xii + 302. London: Macmillan, 1988. £33. Kenneth Atchity, Ronald Hogart, Douglas Price (Edd.): Critical Essays on Homer. (Critical Essays on World Literature.) Pp. Viii + 245. Boston, Mass.: G. K. Hall, 1987. $35. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 39 (01):1-3.
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  45. J. J. C. Smart (1989). Negative Utilitarianism. In Fred D'Agostino & I. C. Jarvie (eds.), Freedom and Rationality. Reidel. 35--46.
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  46. J. J. C. Smart (1989). Our Place in the Universe: A Metaphysical Discussion. Blackwell.
     
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  47. J. J. C. Smart (1989). S. A. Grave: "A History of Philosophy in Australia". [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67:345.
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  48. J. J. C. Smart (1989). The Drift To Idealism. In M. Maxwell & C. Wade Savage (eds.), Science, Mind, and Psychology: Essays in Honor of Grover Maxwell. University Press of America. 17.
     
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