Search results for 'Social Medicine ethics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Why the international market for pharmaceuticals fails & What to Do About It : A. Comparison of Two Alternative Approaches to Global Ethics (2008). Reflecting the Impact of Ethical Theory : Contractarianism, Ethics, and Economics. Christoph Luetge / Civilising the Barbarians? : On the Apparent Necessity of Moral Surpluses; Soeren Buttkereit and Ingo Pies / Social Dilemmas and the Social Contract; Peter Koslowski / Ethical Economy as the Economy of Ethics and as the Ethics of the Market Economy; Ingo Pies and Stefan Hielscher. In Jesús Conill Sancho, Christoph Luetge & Tatjana Schó̈nwälder-Kuntze (eds.), Corporate Citizenship, Contractarianism and Ethical Theory: On Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Ashgate Pub. Company.score: 1320.0
  2. David T. Ozar (1985). Social Ethics, the Philosophy of Medicine, and Professional Responsibility. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).score: 495.0
    The social ethics of medicine is the study and ethical analysis of social structures which impact on the provision of health care by physicians. There are many such social structures. Not all these structures are responsive to the influence of physicians as health professionals. But some social structures which impact on health care are prompted by or supported by important preconceptions of medical practice. In this article, three such elements of the philosophy of (...) are examined in terms of the negative impact on health care of the social structures to which they contribute. The responsibilities of the medical profession and of individual physicians to work to change these social structures are then examined in the light of a theory of profession. (shrink)
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  3. Dana Cook Grossman & Heinz Valtin (eds.) (1999). Great Issues for Medicine in the Twenty-First Century: Ethical and Social Issues Arising Out of Advances in the Biomedical Sciences. New York Academy of Sciences.score: 429.0
     
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  4. Rein Vos & Dick L. Willems (2000). Technology in Medicine: Ontology, Epistemology, Ethics and Social Philosophy at the Crossroads. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (1):1-7.score: 423.0
    In reference to the different approaches in philosophy(of medicine) of the nature of (medical) technology,this article introduces the topic of this specialissue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, that is,the way the different forms of medical technologyfunction in everyday medical practice. The authorselaborate on the active role technology plays inshaping our views on disease, illness, and the body,whence in shaping our world.
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  5. Alister Browne, Katharine Browne, Ezekiel J. Emanual, Joseph J. Fins, Colin Gavaghan, Christine Grady & Leonard C. Groopman (2007). William Andereck, MD, is an Internist at California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco, California, Where He Chairs the Ethics Committee and is Founder and Codirector of the Program in Medicine and Human Values. R. Blake Brown, Ph. D., is a Social Science and Humanities Research Council Post-Doctoral Fellow at Saint Mary's University and a Research Associate at The. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16:1-2.score: 414.0
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  6. Kathleen Nolan (forthcoming). Ethics, Medical Research, and Medicine: Commercialism Versus Environmentalism and Social Justice (Review). American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):69-70.score: 405.0
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  7. Kathleen Nolan (2003). Review of Andrew Thompson and Norman Temple, Eds., 2001.Ethics, Medical Research, and Medicine: Commercialism Versus Environmentalism and Social Justice. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):69-70.score: 405.0
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  8. Peregrine Horden (1997). Medicine and Social Ethics D. W. Amundsen: Medicine, Society, and Faith in the Ancient and Medieval Worlds. Pp. Xv + 392. Baltimore, MD and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996. Cased, £33. ISBN: 0-8018-5109-2. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 47 (02):344-346.score: 405.0
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  9. Not Available Not Available (1998). Ethics, Medicine and Social Science - An Interdisciplinary Workshop. Ethik in der Medizin 10 (2):121-123.score: 405.0
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  10. Peregrine Horden (1997). Medicine and Social Ethics. The Classical Review 47 (02):344-.score: 405.0
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  11. Alan Cribb (2005). Health and the Good Society: Setting Healthcare Ethics in Social Context. Oxford University Press.score: 363.0
    What is health policy for? In Health and the Good Society, Alan Cribb addresses this question in a way that cuts across disciplinary boundaries. His core argument is that biomedical ethics should draw upon public health values and ethics; specifically, he argues that everybody has some share of responsibility for health, including a responsibility for promoting greater health equality. In the process, Cribb argues for a major rethink of the whole project of health education.
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  12. Audrey Leathard & Susan Goodinson-McLaren (eds.) (2007). Ethics: Contemporary Challenges in Health and Social Care. Policy Press.score: 360.0
    This book redresses the balance by examining theory, research, policy, and practice in both fields.
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  13. Bernard Barber (ed.) (1978). Medical Ethics and Social Change. American Academy of Political and Social Science.score: 354.0
     
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  14. David N. Weisstub (ed.) (1998). Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. Pergamon.score: 351.0
    There have been serious controversies in the latter part of the 20th century about the roles and functions of scientific and medical research. In whose interests are medical and biomedical experiments conducted and what are the ethical implications of experimentation on subjects unable to give competent consent? From the decades following the Second World War and calls for the global banning of medical research to the cautious return to the notion that in controlled circumstances, medical research on human subjects is (...)
     
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  15. Simon Btesh (ed.) (1972). Recent Progress in Biology and Medicine, its Social and Ethical Implications: Proceedings of a Round Table Conference on Science Policy and Biomedical Research, Unesco House, Paris, 4-6 September, 1972 = les Récents Progrès De La Biologie Et De La Médecine Et Leur Portée Sociale Et Éthique: Comptes Rendus Du Colloque Sur La Politique Scientifique Et La Recherche Biomédicale, Maison De L'unesco, Paris, 4-6 Septembre, 1972. [REVIEW] Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences.score: 337.0
     
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  16. Martien Pijnenburg (2002). Humane Healthcare as a Theme for Social Ethics. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (3):245-252.score: 297.0
    The concept of ‘humane healthcare’ cannot and may not be limited to a personal virtue. For elucidating its meaning and making it functional as a critical ethical criterion for healthcare as a social institution, it is necessary to reflect on the social, cultural, and historical conditions in which modern healthcare finds its offspring and its further development. Doing this is the object and aim of social ethics. Social ethics in itself covers a broad area (...)
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  17. Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens & Mahmoud F. Fathalla (2003). Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law. Clarendon Press.score: 291.0
    The concept of reproductive health promises to play a crucial role in improving women's health and rights around the world. It was internationally endorsed by a United Nations conference in 1994, but remains controversial because of the challenge it presents to conservative agencies: it challenges policies of suppressing public discussion on human sexuality and regulating its private expressions. Reproductive Health and Human Rights is designed to equip healthcare providers and administrators to integrate ethical, legal, and human rights principles in protection (...)
     
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  18. D. Hill (1987). On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 13 (4):220-221.score: 276.0
    Religion and medicine -- Theology and medical ethics -- The profession and its integrity -- Life and its sanctity -- Health and healing -- Death and its (in)dignity -- Nature and its mastery -- Care of patients and their suffering -- Respect for persons and their agency -- Contraception -- Technological reproduction -- Genetic control -- Abortion -- Choosing death and letting die -- Care of neonates -- The physician-patient relationship: advise and consent -- Psychiatric care: professional commitments (...)
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  19. Edmund D. Pellegrino (2001). The Internal Morality of Clinical Medicine: A Paradigm for the Ethics of the Helping and Healing Professions. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (6):559 – 579.score: 270.0
    The moral authority for professional ethics in medicine customarily rests in some source external to medicine, i.e., a pre-existing philosophical system of ethics or some form of social construction, like consensus or dialogue. Rather, internal morality is grounded in the phenomena of medicine, i.e., in the nature of the clinical encounter between physician and patient. From this, a philosophy of medicine is derived which gives moral force to the duties, virtues and obligations of (...)
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  20. Klaus Hoeyer, Lisa Dahlager & Niels Lynöe (2006). Ethical Conflicts During the Social Study of Clinical Practice: The Need to Reassess the Mutually Challenging Research Ethics Traditions of Social Scientists and Medical Researchers. Clinical Ethics 1 (1):41-45.score: 270.0
    When anthropologists and other social scientists study health services in medical institutions, tensions sometimes arise as a result of the social scientists and health care professionals having different ideas about the ethics of research. In order to resolve this type of conflict and to facilitate mutual learning, we describe two general categories of research ethics framing: those of anthropology and those of medicine. The latter focuses on protection of the individual through the preservation of autonomy (...)
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  21. Eugenia M. Porto (1990). Social Context and Historical Emergence: The Underlying Dimension of Medical Ethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (2).score: 270.0
    I argue that work in medical ethics which attempts to humanize medicine without examining hidden assumptions (about medicine's ontology, explanations, goals, relationships) has the dehumanizing effect of legitimating practices which treat persons as abstractions. After illustrating the need to reexamine the field of medical ethics and the doctor-patient relationship in particular, I use Foucault's work to provide a social, historical framework for discussion. This background begins to demonstrate that doctor-patient relationships cannot be made satisfactory by (...)
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  22. Torbjörn Tännsjö (1999). Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine. Routledge.score: 267.0
    Coercive Care: The Ethics of Choice in Health and Medicine asks probing and challenging questions regarding the use of coercion in health care and social services. This book combines philosophical analysis with comparative studies of social policy and law in a large number of industrialized countries and proposes an ideal of judicial security on a global scale.
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  23. Martyn D. Pickersgill (2013). From 'Implications' to 'Dimensions': Science, Medicine and Ethics in Society. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 21 (1):31-42.score: 261.0
    Much bioethical scholarship is concerned with the social, legal and philosophical implications of new and emerging science and medicine, as well as with the processes of research that under-gird these innovations. Science and technology studies (STS), and the related and interpenetrating disciplines of anthropology and sociology, have also explored what novel technoscience might imply for society, and how the social is constitutive of scientific knowledge and technological artefacts. More recently, social scientists have interrogated the emergence of (...)
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  24. Marcel Mertz (2007). Complementary and Alternative Medicine: The Challenges of Ethical Justification. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):329-345.score: 256.0
    With the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) increasing in western societies, questions of the ethical justification of these alternative health care approaches and practices have to be addressed. In order to evaluate philosophical reasoning on this subject, it is of paramount importance to identify and analyse possible arguments for the ethical justification of CAM considering contemporary biomedical ethics as well as more fundamental philosophical aspects. Moreover, it is vital to provide adequate analytical instruments for this task, (...)
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  25. Garry C. Gray (2013). The Ethics of Pharmaceutical Research Funding: A Social Organization Approach. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):629-634.score: 252.0
    This paper advances a social organization approach to examining unethical behavior. While unethical behaviors may stem in part from failures in individual morality or psychological blind spots, they are both generated and performed through social interactions among individuals and groups. To illustrate the value of a social organization approach, a case study of a medical school professor's first experience with pharmaceutical-company-sponsored research is provided in order to examine how funding arrangements can constrain research integrity. The case illustrates (...)
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  26. Henry Pratt Newsholme (1937). Christian Ethics and Social Health. London, J. Heritage.score: 252.0
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  27. Robert Sparrow (2009). The Social Impacts of Nanotechnology: An Ethical and Political Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (1):13-23.score: 243.0
    This paper attempts some predictions about the social consequences of nanotechnology and the ethical issues they raise. I set out four features of nanotechnology that are likely to be important in determining its impact and argue that nanotechnology will have significant social impacts in—at least—the areas of health and medicine, the balance of power between citizens and governments, and the balance of power between citizens and corporations. More importantly, responding to the challenge of nanotechnology will require confronting (...)
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  28. Shelley Tremain (2006). Stemming the Tide of Normalisation: An Expanded Feminist Analysis of the Ethics and Social Impact of Embryonic Stem Cell Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (1-2):33-42.score: 234.0
    Feminists have indicated the inadequacies of bioethical debates about human embryonic stem cell research, which have for the most part revolved around concerns about the moral status of the human embryo. Feminists have argued, for instance, that inquiry concerning the ethics and politics of human embryonic stem cell research should consider the relations of social power in which the research is embedded. My argument is that this feminist work on stem cells is itself inadequate, however, insofar as it (...)
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  29. John S. Furler & Victoria J. Palmer (2010). The Ethics of Everyday Practice in Primary Medical Care: Responding to Social Health Inequities. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):1-8.score: 234.0
    Social and structural inequities shape health and illness; they are an everyday presence within the doctor-patient encounter yet, there is limited ethical guidance on what individual physicians should do. This paper draws on a study that explored how doctors and their professional associations ought to respond to the issue of social health inequities.
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  30. Raphael Sassower & Michael A. Grodin (1988). Beyond Medical Ethics: New Directions for Philosophy and Medicine. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities and Bioethics 9 (2):121-134.score: 231.0
    A unique relationship exists between physicians and philosophers — one that expands on the constructive potential of the liaison between physicians and, for example, theologians, on the one hand, or, social workers on the other. This liaison should focus in the scientific aspects of medicine, not just the ethical aspects. Philosophers can provide physicians with a perspective on both the philosophy and the history of medicine through the ages — a sense of how medicine has adapted (...)
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  31. Richard E. Ashcroft (ed.) (2007). Principles of Health Care Ethics. John Wiley & Sons.score: 228.0
    Edited by four leading members of the new generation of medical and healthcare ethicists working in the UK, respected worldwide for their work in medical ethics, Principles of Health Care Ethics, Second Edition_is a standard resource for students, professionals, and academics wishing to understand current and future issues in healthcare ethics. With a distinguished international panel of contributors working at the leading edge of academia, this volume presents a comprehensive guide to the field, with state of the (...)
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  32. Victor R. Fuchs (2011). Who Shall Live?: Health, Economics, and Social Choice. World Scientific.score: 228.0
    Problems and choices -- Who shall live? -- The physician : the captain of the team -- The hospital : the house of hope -- Drugs : the key to modern medicine -- Paying for medical care.
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  33. J. Bryan Hehir (1992). Policy Arguments in a Public Church: Catholic Social Ethics and Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (3):347-364.score: 225.0
    This paper is an analysis of the relationship of social ethics and bioethics in Roman Catholic theology. The argument of the paper is that the character of both Catholic moral theology and ecclesiology shape the broadly defined interest of the church in bioethics. The paper examines the common elements of social ethics and bioethics in Catholic teaching, describes how ecclesiology shapes Catholic public policy and uses the examples of abortion and health care to illustrate the relationship (...)
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  34. Kevin Wm Wildes (2001). The Crisis of Medicine: Philosophy and the Social Construction of Medicine. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (1):71-86.score: 225.0
    : During the past decade there has been a debate about the field of philosophy of medicine. The debate has focused on fundamental questions about whether the field exists and the nature of the field. This article explores the debate and argues that it has paid insufficient attention to the social dimensions of both philosophy and medicine. The article goes on to argue that by exploring this debate one can better understand some of the difficult questions facing (...)
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  35. J. Savulescu (1998). Two Worlds Apart: Religion and Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (6):382-384.score: 225.0
    In a recent article entitled, Requests "for inappropriate" treatment based on religious beliefs, Orr and Genesen claim that futile treatment should be provided to patients who request it if their request is based on a religious belief. I claim that this implies that we should also accede to requests for harmful or cost-ineffective treatments based on religious beliefs. This special treatment of religious requests is an example of special pleading on the part of theists and morally objectionable discrimination against atheists. (...)
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  36. H. ten Have & P. Sporken (1985). Heroin Addiction, Ethics and Philosophy of Medicine. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (4):173-177.score: 225.0
    This article discusses various ethical and philosophical aspects of heroin addiction. It arose as a result of the plan by the Amsterdam city council to supply free heroin to drug addicts. The objective of treatment of heroin addicts is ambivalent because what is in fact a socio-cultural problem is transformed into a medical problem. The characteristics of this treatment are made explicit through a philosophical analysis which sees the medical intervention as part of a strategy aimed at achieving social (...)
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  37. Nancy S. Jecker (1990). Integrating Medical Ethics with Normative Theory: Patient Advocacy and Social Responsibility. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (2).score: 225.0
    It is often assumed that the chief responsibility medical professionals bear is patient care and advocacy. The meeting of other duties, such as ensuring a more just distribution of medical resources and promoting the public good, is not considered a legitimate basis for curtailing or slackening beneficial patient services. It is argued that this assumption is often made without sufficient attention to foundational principles of professional ethics; that once core principles are laid bare this assumption is revealed as largely (...)
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  38. Amy Snow Landa & Carl Elliott (2013). From Community to Commodity: The Ethics of Pharma‐Funded Social Networking Sites for Physicians. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):673-679.score: 219.0
    A growing number of doctors in the United States are joining online professional networks that cater exclusively to licensed physicians. The most popular are Sermo, with more than 135,000 members, and Doximity, with more than 100,000. Both companies claim to offer a valuable service by enabling doctors to “connect” in a secure online environment. But their business models raise ethical concerns. The sites generate revenue by selling access to their large networks of physician-users to clients that include global pharmaceutical companies, (...)
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  39. Christos Lynteris (2013). The Spirit of Selflessness in Maoist China: Socialist Medicine and the New Man. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 219.0
    The book narrates how, called to embody this selfless spirit, medical doctors were trapped in a spiral between cultivation and abolition, leading to the explosion of ideology during the Cultural Revolution.
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  40. Melanie Phillips (1985). Doctors' Dilemmas: Medical Ethics and Contemporary Science. Methuen.score: 219.0
     
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  41. Jacob M. Rose (2007). Corporate Directors and Social Responsibility: Ethics Versus Shareholder Value. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 73 (3):319 - 331.score: 218.0
    This paper reports on the results of an experiment conducted with experienced corporate directors. The study findings indicate that directors employ prospective rationality cognition, and they sometimes make decisions that emphasize legal defensibility at the expense of personal ethics and social responsibility. Directors recognize the ethical and social implications of their decisions, but they believe that current corporate law requires them to pursue legal courses of action that maximize shareholder value. The results suggest that additional ethics (...)
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  42. K. Gregory Jin & Ronald G. Drozdenko (2010). Relationships Among Perceived Organizational Core Values, Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, and Organizational Performance Outcomes: An Empirical Study of Information Technology Professionals. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 92 (3):341 - 359.score: 218.0
    This study is an extension of our recent ethics research in direct marketing (2003) and information technology (2007). In this study, we investigated the relationships among core organizational values, organizational ethics, corporate social responsibility, and organizational performance outcome. Our analysis of online survey responses from a sample of IT professionals in the United States indicated that managers from organizations with organic core values reported a higher level of social responsibility relative to managers in organizations with mechanistic (...)
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  43. Sandra H. Johnson (2005). The Social, Professional, and Legal Framework for the Problem of Pain Management in Emergency Medicine. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (4):741-760.score: 216.0
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  44. Elliot N. Dorff & Louis E. Newman (eds.) (1995). Contemporary Jewish Ethics and Morality: A Reader. Oxford University Press.score: 216.0
    Over the past decade much significant new work has appeared in the field of Jewish ethics. While much of this work has been devoted to issues in applied ethics, a number of important essays have explored central themes within the tradition and clarified the theoretical foundations of Jewish ethics. This important text grew out of the need for a single work which accurately and conveniently reflects these developments within the field. The first text of its kind in (...)
     
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  45. Amar Jesani & Tejal Barai-Jaitly (eds.) (2005). Ethics in Health Research: A Social Science Perspective. Centre for Studies in Ethics and Rights.score: 216.0
     
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  46. Paul Steinberg (2003). Study Guide to Jewish Ethics: A Reader's Companion to Matters of Life and Death, to Do the Right and the Good, Love Your Neighbor and Yourself. The Jewish Publication Society.score: 216.0
    This companion to Elliot Dorff's three books on Jewish ethics -- Matters of Life and Death , To Do the Right and the Good , and Love Your Neighbor and Yourself -- is designed for group as well as individual study. Through suggested readings from Dorff's books, probing questions, lively discussion topics, and simple writing exercises, readers will be able to analyze and clarify their own positions on a host of controversial issues: sex, surrogate motherhood, adoption, family abuse, responsibilities (...)
     
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  47. Thomas K. McElhinney & Edmund D. Pellegrino (2001). The Institute on Human Values in Medicine: Its Role and Influence in the Conception and Evolution of Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (4):291-317.score: 207.0
    For ten years, 1971–1981, the Institute onHuman Values in Medicine (IHVM) played a keyrole in the development of Bioethics as afield. We have written this history andanalysis to bring to new generations ofBioethicists information about the developmentof their field within both the humanitiesdisciplines and the health professions. Thepioneers in medical humanities and ethics cametogether with medical professionals in thedecade of the 1960s. By the 1980s Bioethics wasa fully recognized discipline. We show the rolethat IHVM programs played in defining (...)
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  48. M. H. Kottow (1999). In Defence of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):340-343.score: 207.0
    A number of recent publications by the philosopher David Seedhouse are discussed. Although medicine is an eminently ethical enterprise, the technical and ethical aspects of health care practices can be distinguished, therefore justifying the existence of medical ethics and its teaching as a specific part of every medical curriculum. The goal of teaching medical ethics is to make health care practitioners aware of the essential ethical aspects of their work. Furthermore, the contention that rational bioethics is a (...)
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  49. Julien S. Murphy (1998). Ethics in Reproductive and Perinatal Medicine: A New Framework, by Carson Strong. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. 247 Pp. The Perfect Baby: A Pragmatic Approach to Genetics, by Glenn McGee. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997. 166 Pp. New Ways of Making Babies: The Case of Egg Donation, by Cynthia B. Cohen, Ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1996. 332 Pp. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):226-229.score: 207.0
    The major dilemma for bioethics is choosing an appropriate method of ethical analysis, one that when applied to individual cases can illuminate if not resolve vexing ethical issues for providers and their patients. Two of these books offer direction in this regard. The framework Carson Strong adopts and makes a compelling case for in EthicsinReproductiveandPerinatalMedicine:ANewFramework is one of modified casuistry. Casuistry, imported to bioethics by Jonsen and Toulmin, is a practical, case-based method of ethical decisionmaking. It relies on comparison between (...)
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  50. Nelarine Cornelius, James Wallace & Rana Tassabehji (2007). An Analysis of Corporate Social Responsibility, Corporate Identity and Ethics Teaching in Business Schools. Journal of Business Ethics 76 (1):117 - 135.score: 206.0
    Recent events have raised concerns about the ethical standards of public and private organisations, with some attention falling on business schools as providers of education and training to managers and senior executives. This paper investigates the nature of, motivation and commitment to, ethics tuition provided by the business schools. Using content analysis of their institutional and home websites, we appraise their corporate identity, level of engagement in socially responsible programmes, degree of social inclusion, and the relationship to their (...)
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