Search results for 'Social Psychology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Daniel Bar-Tal & Arie W. Kruglanski (eds.) (1988). The Social Psychology of Knowledge. Editions De La Maison des Sciences De L'Homme.score: 186.0
    This collection, published in 1988, brings an innovative perspective to research in social cognition.
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  2. Jeffrey Stepnisky (2014). Social Psychology From Flat to Round: Intersubjectivity and Space in Peter Sloterdijk's Bubbles. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (2).score: 186.0
    In this paper I describe the relevance of philosopher Peter Sloterdijk's (1998/2011) book Bubbles for social psychology. Bubbles offers the opportunity for the development of what I call a round social psychology. This is in contrast to the flatness characteristic of some of the more influential contemporary varieties of social psychology. Flat social psychology stays close to the ground, and is focused on the coordination of action. Round social psychology describes (...)
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  3. Christian Miller (2003). Social Psychology and Virtue Ethics. Journal of Ethics 7 (4):365-392.score: 180.0
    Several philosophers have recently claimed to have discovered a new and rather significant problem with virtue ethics. According to them, virtue ethics generates certain expectations about the behavior of human beings which are subject to empirical testing. But when the relevant experimental work is done in social psychology, the results fall remarkably short of meeting those expectations. So, these philosophers think, despite its recent success, virtue ethics has far less to offer to contemporary ethical theory than might have (...)
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  4. Christian Miller (2009). Empathy, Social Psychology, and Global Helping Traits. Philosophical Studies 142 (2):247 - 275.score: 180.0
    The central virtue at issue in recent philosophical discussions of the empirical adequacy of virtue ethics has been the virtue of compassion. Opponents of virtue ethics such as Gilbert Harman and John Doris argue that experimental results from social psychology concerning helping behavior are best explained not by appealing to so-called ‘global’ character traits like compassion, but rather by appealing to external situational forces or, at best, to highly individualized ‘local’ character traits. In response, a number of philosophers (...)
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  5. Brian P. Meier, Simone Schnall, Norbert Schwarz & John A. Bargh (2012). Embodiment in Social Psychology. Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):705-716.score: 180.0
    Psychologists are increasingly interested in embodiment based on the assumption that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are grounded in bodily interaction with the environment. We examine how embodiment is used in social psychology, and we explore the ways in which embodied approaches enrich traditional theories. Although research in this area is burgeoning, much of it has been more descriptive than explanatory. We provide a critical discussion of the trajectory of embodiment research in social psychology. We contend that (...)
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  6. Felix Martin (2011). Human Development and the Pursuit of the Common Good: Social Psychology or Aristotelian Virtue Ethics? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 100 (S1):89-98.score: 180.0
    The encyclical proclaims the centrality of human development, which includes acting with gratuitousness and solidarity in pursuing the common good. This paper considers first whether such relationships of gratuitousness and solidarity can be analysed through the prism of traditional theories of social psychology, which are highly influential in current management research, and concludes that certain aspects of those theories may offer useful tools for analysis at the practical level. This is contrasted with the analysis of such relationships through (...)
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  7. Joachim I. Krueger & David C. Funder (2004). Towards a Balanced Social Psychology: Causes, Consequences, and Cures for the Problem-Seeking Approach to Social Behavior and Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):313-327.score: 180.0
    Mainstream social psychology focuses on how people characteristically violate norms of action through social misbehaviors such as conformity with false majority judgments, destructive obedience, and failures to help those in need. Likewise, they are seen to violate norms of reasoning through cognitive errors such as misuse of social information, self-enhancement, and an over-readiness to attribute dispositional characteristics. The causes of this negative research emphasis include the apparent informativeness of norm violation, the status of good behavior and (...)
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  8. Christian Miller (2009). Social Psychology, Mood, and Helping: Mixed Results for Virtue Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 13 (2-3):145 - 173.score: 162.0
    I first summarize the central issues in the debate about the empirical adequacy of virtue ethics, and then examine the role that social psychologists claim positive and negative mood have in influencing compassionate helping behavior. I argue that this psychological research is compatible with the claim that many people might instantiate certain character traits after all which allow them to help others in a wide variety of circumstances. Unfortunately for the virtue ethicist, however, it turns out that these helping (...)
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  9. John D. Greenwood (2011). On the Social Dimensions of Moral Psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):333-364.score: 156.0
    Contemporary moral psychology has been enormously enriched by recent theoretical developments and empirical findings in evolutionary biology, cognitive psychology and neuroscience, and social psychology and psychopathology. Yet despite the fact that some theorists have developed specifically “social heuristic” (Gigerenzer, 2008) and “social intuitionist” (Haidt, 2007) theories of moral judgment and behavior, and despite regular appeals to the findings of experimental social psychology, contemporary moral psychology has largely neglected the social dimensions (...)
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  10. Eugenie Georgaca (2013). Review of From the Conscious Interior to the Exterior Unconscious: Lacan, Discourse Analysis and Social Psychology. [REVIEW] Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 33 (2):130-132.score: 156.0
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  11. John A. Bargh (ed.) (2007). Social Psychology and the Unconscious: The Automaticity of Higher Mental Processes. Psychology Press.score: 150.0
  12. Michael Billig (ed.) (1988). Ideological Dilemmas: A Social Psychology of Everyday Thinking. Sage Publications.score: 150.0
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  13. Ross Fitzgerald (ed.) (1978). What It Means to Be Human: Essays in Philosophical Anthropology, Political Philosophy, and Social Psychology. Pergamon Press Australia.score: 150.0
  14. Francisco José Moreno (1977). Between Faith and Reason: An Approach to Individual and Social Psychology. New York University Press.score: 150.0
  15. David Pavón Cuéllar (2010). From the Conscious Interior to an Exterior Unconscious: Lacan, Discourse Analysis, and Social Psychology. Karnac Books.score: 150.0
  16. Anna-Maija Pirttilä-Backman (1993). The Social Psychology of Knowledge Reassessed: Toward a New Delineation of the Field with Empirical Substantiation. Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia.score: 150.0
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  17. Austin L. Porterfield (1941). Creative Factors in Scientific Research; a Social Psychology of Scientific Knowledge, Studying the Interplay of Psychological and Cultural Factors in Science with Emphasis Upon Imagination. Durham, N.C.,Duke University Press.score: 150.0
     
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  18. Neil Levy (2004). Evolutionary Psychology, Human Universals, and the Standard Social Science Model. Biology and Philosophy 19 (3):459-72.score: 144.0
    Proponents of evolutionary psychology take the existence of humanuniversals to constitute decisive evidence in favor of their view. Ifthe same social norms are found in culture after culture, we have goodreason to believe that they are innate, they argue. In this paper Ipropose an alternative explanation for the existence of humanuniversals, which does not depend on them being the product of inbuiltpsychological adaptations. Following the work of Brian Skyrms, I suggestthat if a particular convention possesses even a very (...)
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  19. Robert A. Giacalone, Karen Paul & Carole L. Jurkiewicz (2005). A Preliminary Investigation Into the Role of Positive Psychology in Consumer Sensitivity to Corporate Social Performance. Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):295 - 305.score: 144.0
    Research on positive psychology demonstrates that specific individual dispositions are associated with more desirable outcomes. The relationship of positive psychological constructs, however, has not been applied to the areas of business ethics and social responsibility. Using four constructs in two independent studies (hope and gratitude in Study 1, spirituality and generativity in Study 2), the relationship of these constructs to sensitivity to corporate social performance (CSCSP) were assessed. Results indicate that all four constructs significantly predicted CSCSP, though (...)
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  20. Jack Martin & Mark H. Bickhard (eds.) (2012). The Psychology of Personhood: Philosophical, Historical, Social-Developmental and Narrative Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.score: 144.0
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introducing persons and the psychology of personhood Jack Martin and Mark H. Bickhard; Part I. Philosophical, Conceptual Perspectives: 2. The person concept and the ontology of persons Michael A. Tissaw; 3. Achieving personhood: the perspective of hermeneutic phenomenology Charles Guignon; Part II. Historical Perspectives: 4. Historical psychology of persons: categories and practice Kurt Danziger; 5. Persons and historical ontology Jeff Sugarman; 6. Critical personalism: on its tenets, its historical obscurity, and its future prospects (...)
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  21. Lois Holzman (2013). Critical Psychology, Philosophy, and Social Therapy. Human Studies 36 (4):471-489.score: 144.0
    This article presents critical psychology in some new light. First, it presents the history of US critical psychology in terms of the overall foundation of its critique (identity-based, ideologically-based, and epistemologically-based). Second, it broadens the population that can be called critical psychologists. The argument is made to include: (1) philosophers of language, science, and mind critical of psychology’s foundational assumptions, conceptions, and methods of inquiry; and (2) non-professional, ordinary people who live their lives critical of psychology (...)
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  22. Tony Anderson & Sally Wiggins (2014). Criticizing the Critic: Comments on Jahoda's (2012) Critique of Discursive Social Psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (1):123-129.score: 138.0
    Jahoda (2012) criticizes discursive social psychology (DSP) on several different grounds; specifically, he argues that DSP has opaque methodological procedures, is of questionable scientific merit, involves over-interpretation of its data, and implicitly claims its findings to be universal rather than contextually specific. We challenge these criticisms by arguing that observational studies of the kind typical within DSP research have a perfectly valid place within a scientific social psychology, that the interpretations made by DSP researchers should be (...)
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  23. Michael Harris Bond (2014). How I Am Constructing Culture‐Inclusive Theories of Social‐Psychological Process in Our Age of Globalization. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 44 (2).score: 138.0
    Accepting Cole's the premise that, “cultural-inclusive psychology has been … an elusive goal” (1996, pp. 7–8) but one worth striving to attain, I first set out to identify my domain of interest and competence as an intellectual. Deciding it to be social interaction between individuals, I then searched out theoretical approaches to this domain that encompassed as many approaches to this trans-historical concern that have emerged from cultural traditions bequeathing us their legacies. Doing this search comprehensively required me (...)
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  24. Alexander Haslam, Tom Postmes & Jolanda Jetten (2004). Beyond Balance: To Understand “Bias,” Social Psychology Needs to Address Issues of Politics, Power, and Social Perspective. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):341-342.score: 132.0
    Krueger & Funder's (K&F's) diagnosis of social psychology's obsession with bias is correct and accords with similar observations by self-categorization theorists. However, the analysis of causes is incomplete and suggestions for cures are flawed. The primary problem is not imbalance, but a failure to acknowledge that social reality has different forms, depending on one's social and political vantage point in relation to a specific social context.
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  25. Eddy Nahmias (2007). Autonomous Agency and the Threat of Social Psychology. In M. Marraffa, M. Caro & F. Ferretti (eds.), Cartographies of the Mind: Philosophy and Psychology in Intersection. Springer.score: 126.0
    This chapter discusses how research in situationist social psychology may pose largely undiscussed threats to autonomous agency, free will, and moral responsibility.
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  26. Christian Miller (2010). Character Traits, Social Psychology, and Impediments to Helping Behavior. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 5:1-36.score: 126.0
    In a number of recent papers, I have begun to develop a new theory of character which is conceptually distinct both from traditional Aristotelian accounts as well as from the positive view of local traits outlined by John Doris. On my view, many human beings do have robust traits of character which play an important explanatory and predictive role, but which are triggered by certain situational variables which preclude them from counting as genuine Aristotelian virtues. Like others in this discussion, (...)
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  27. Gustav Jahoda (2013). Critical Comments on Experimental, Discursive, and General Social Psychology. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (3):341-360.score: 126.0
    The historical background of the contrasting traditions of experimental and discursive social psychologies is outlined, and two illustrative experimental and discursive studies are described in detail and critically scrutinised. Among the major weaknesses of the experimental approach is an increasing tendency towards an a-social computer-mediated procedure and a decontextualised setting. While experimental methods and results are clearly set out, the discursive research presents only small and highly selected fragments of masses of data. Hence the actual ways in which (...)
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  28. Jock McCulloch (1983). Black Soul White Artifact: Fanon's Clinical Psychology and Social Theory. Cambridge University Press.score: 126.0
    The death of Frantz Fanon at the age of thirty-six robbed the African revolution of its leading intellectual and moral force. His death also cut short one of the most extraordinary intellectual careers in contemporary political thought. Fanon was a political psychologist whose approach to revolutionary theory was grounded in his psychiatric practice. During his years in Algeria he published clinical studies on the behaviour of violent patients, the role of culture in the development of illness and the function of (...)
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  29. David Myers (2003). The Social Psychology of Sustainability. World Futures 59 (3 & 4):201 – 211.score: 120.0
    The earth cannot support humanity's increasing population and consumption. Concerned scientists and citizens are therefore wondering how we might work toward a sustainable, survivable human future. Sustainability involves increased technological efficiency and agricultural productivity, but also incentives and attitudes that moderate consumption. Social psychology contributes to changing attitudes and behavior with evidence that a) materialism exacts psychic as well as environmental costs, and b) economic growth has failed to improve human morale. Two principles-the adaptation level phenomenon and (...) comparison-help explain why materialism and increasing affluence fail to satisfy. (shrink)
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  30. F. Neil Brady & Jeanne M. Logsdon (1988). Zimbardo's “Stanford Prison Experiment” and the Relevance of Social Psychology for Teaching Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (9):703 - 710.score: 120.0
    The prevailing pedagogical approach in business ethics generally underestimates or even ignores the powerful influences of situational factors on ethical analysis and decision-making. This is due largely to the predominance of philosophy-oriented teaching materials. Social psychology offers relevant concepts and experiments that can broaden pedagogy to help students understand more fully the influence of situational contexts and role expectations in ethical analysis. Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment is used to illustrate the relevance of social psychology experiments for (...)
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  31. Steven Pinker, The Evolutionary Social Psychology of Off-Record Indirect Speech Acts.score: 120.0
    This paper proposes a new analysis of indirect speech in the framework of game theory, social psychology, and evolutionary psychology. It builds on the theory of Grice, which tries to ground indirect speech in pure rationality (the demands of e‰cient communication between two cooperating agents) and on the Politeness Theory of Brown and Levinson, who proposed that people cooperate not just in exchanging data but in saving face (both the speaker’s and the hearer’s). I suggest that these (...)
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  32. John F. Kihlstrom (2004). Is There a “People Are Stupid” School in Social Psychology? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):348-348.score: 120.0
    This commentary notes the emergence of a “People are Stupid” school of thought that describes social behavior as mindless, automatic, and unconscious. I trace the roots of this “school,” particularly in the link between situationism in social psychology and behaviorism in psychology at large, and suggest that social psychology should focus on the role of the mind in social interaction.
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  33. P. Lewicki & T. Hill (1987). Unconscious Processes as Explanations of Behavior in Cognitive, Personality, and Social Psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 13:355-362.score: 120.0
  34. Jon Wetlesen (1969). Basic Concepts in Spinoza's Social Psychology. Inquiry 12 (1-4):105 – 132.score: 120.0
    Spinoza's philosophical anthropology is reconstructed with a view to its relevance to theoretical and practical problems in social psychology. An attempt is made to show how he conceives the interrelations between cognitions, sentiments (i.e. emotions and attitudes), and interests (i.e. drives and desires) as relational concepts and as anchored in social interaction rather than in a purely individualistic conception of man. Spinoza's determinism is interpreted as a personal and social causation, rather than a physical, causal determinism, (...)
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  35. I. Markova (2008). Persuasion and Social Psychology. Diogenes 55 (1):5-8.score: 120.0
    This editor’s introduction to the issue recalls the main methodological approaches to persuasion, rhetoric and propaganda in social psychology. It summarizes the classical theories issued from Hovland’s Yale Communication Program in experimental social psychology, like dissonance, attitude changes, inoculation approach, elaboration likelihood model. Yet there are, today, competing perspectives on persuasion, which turn attention to the meaning of persuasion in modern complex societies, in technology and the media. These perspectives place emphasis not on changes of attitudes, (...)
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  36. Edward J. Lawler, Cecilia Ridgeway & Barry Markovsky (1993). Structural Social Psychology and the Micro-Macro Problem. Sociological Theory 11 (3):268-290.score: 120.0
    A unique multilevel perspective-structural social psychology-is explicated to help build theoretical bridges between micro and macro levels of analysis in sociology. The perspective portrays actors (human or corporate) as having minimal properties of purposiveness and responsiveness, encounters as interaction episodes between multiple actors, microstructures as local patterns of interaction emerging from and subsequently influencing encounters, and macrostructures as networks of social positions. These levels of analysis are connected via mutually contingent processes. Applying these assumptions, we illustrate the (...)
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  37. Sandra D. Nicks, James H. Korn & Tina Mainieri (1997). The Rise and Fall of Deception in Social Psychology and Personality Research, 1921 to 1994. Ethics and Behavior 7 (1):69 – 77.score: 120.0
    The frequency of the use of deception in American psychological research was studied by reviewing articles from journals in personality and social psychology from 1921 to 1994. Deception was used rarely during the developmental years of social psychology into the 1930s, then grew gradually and irregularly until the 1950s. Between the 1950s and 1970s the use of deception increased significantly. This increase is attributed to changes in experimental methods, the popularity of realistic impact experiments, and the (...)
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  38. Andreas Ortmann & Michal Ostatnicky (2004). Proper Experimental Design and Implementation Are Necessary Conditions for a Balanced Social Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):352-353.score: 120.0
    We applaud the authors' basic message. We note that the negative research emphasis is not special solely to social psychology and judgment and decision-making. We argue that the proposed integration of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) and Bayesian analysis is promising but will ultimately succeed only if more attention is paid to proper experimental design and implementation.
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  39. Daryl Bem, On the Uncommon Wisdom of Our Lay Personality Theory: A Book Review Essay on Ross & Nisbett, the Person and the Situation: Perspectives of Social Psychology. [REVIEW]score: 120.0
    In The Person and the Situation , Ross and Nisbett seek to answer the question "What have we really learned from social psychology?" They offer their book as a "throwback to a golden age, a tribute to our intellectual forebears and as a 'stand tall and be proud' pep talk for our colleagues (p. xv)." They succeed splendidly on all these counts.
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  40. Sandra Gl Schruijer (2012). Whatever Happened to the 'European'in European Social Psychology? A Study of the Ambitions in Founding the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology. History of the Human Sciences 25 (3):88-107.score: 120.0
    This article studies the ambitions involved in founding the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology (EAESP) in the context of a differentiation between social psychology practised in Europe on the one hand and the United States on the other. To this end 8 key actors have been interviewed: 4 members of the very first Executive Committee (or Planning Committee as it was called then) as well as 4 key players of a second generation. Also the EAESP’s (...)
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  41. Joachim I. Krueger & David C. Funder (2004). Social Psychology: A Field in Search of a Center. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):361-367.score: 120.0
    Many commentators agree with our view that the problem-oriented approach to social psychology has not fulfilled its promise, and they suggest new research directions that may contribute to the maturation of the field. Others suggest that social psychology is not as focused on negative phenomena as we claim, or that a negative focus does indeed lay the most efficient path toward a general understanding of social cognition and behavior. In this response, we organize the comments (...)
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  42. Diane M. Rodgers (2013). Insects, Instincts and Boundary Work in Early Social Psychology. History of the Human Sciences 26 (1):68-89.score: 120.0
    Insects factored as ‘symbols of instinct’, necessary as a rhetorical device in the boundary work of early social psychology. They were symbolically used to draw a dividing line between humans and animals, clarifying views on instinct and consciousness. These debates were also waged to determine if social psychology was a subfield of sociology or psychology. The exchange between psychologist James Mark Baldwin and sociologist Charles Abram Ellwood exemplifies this particular aspect of boundary work. After providing (...)
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  43. Ian Moll (2010). Psychology, Biology and Social Relations. Journal of Critical Realism 3 (1):49-76.score: 120.0
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  44. Marilynn B. Brewer & Miles Hewstone (eds.) (2004). Social Cognition. Perspectives on Social Psychology. Blackwell.score: 120.0
    Social Cognition is a collection of readings from the four-volume set of Blackwell Handbooks of Social Psychology that examine the mental representations that ...
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  45. Siu L. Chow (2004). Additional Requirements for a Balanced Social Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):329-331.score: 120.0
    Ambiguous data obtained by deception say nothing about social behavior. A balanced social psychology requires separating statistical hypotheses from substantive hypotheses. Neither statistical norms nor moral rules are psychological theories. Explanatory substantive theories stipulate the structures and processes underlying behavior. The Bayesian approach is incompatible with the requirement that all to-be-tested theories be given the benefit of the doubt.
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  46. Nikos Kalampalikis, Sylvain Delouvée & Jean-Pierre Pétard (2006). Historical Spaces of Social Psychology. History of the Human Sciences 19 (2):23-43.score: 120.0
    An extensive analysis of all social psychology textbooks included a history chapter published in French between 1947 and 2001, provides a rich corpus for the study of the history of social psychology. Drawing upon this corpus, in this article we study the historical spaces of social psychology in order to show how the discipline was located in geographical, urban, institutional and collective spaces. We argue that spaces are essentially related to some solitary and consensual (...)
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  47. Richard E. Petty (2004). Multi-Process Models in Social Psychology Provide a More Balanced View of Social Thought and Action. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):353-354.score: 120.0
    Krueger & Funder (K&F) describe social psychology as overly consumed with maladaptive heuristics and biases. This characterization fails to consider multi-process models of social thought and action. Such models, especially with respect to attitudes, have outlined the situational and individual difference variables responsible for determining when thoughts and actions are relatively thoughtful versus when they are more reliant on mental shortcuts.
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  48. Todd K. Shackelford & Robin R. Vallacher (2004). From Disorder to Coherence in Social Psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):356-356.score: 120.0
    Krueger & Funder (K&F) presuppose that the base rate for social cognition is more rational than is indicated by research, and that a focus on cognitive errors and behavioral shortcomings is responsible for the fragmented nature of social psychology. Insight concerning both issues is forthcoming from advances in evolutionary psychology and the adaptation of dynamical systems theory to social psychology.
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  49. Gustav Jahoda (2006). Johann Friedrich Herbart: Urvater of Social Psychology. History of the Human Sciences 19 (1):19-38.score: 120.0
    Herbart’s attempts to apply psychology to society receive scant mention in English-language histories of psychology. In Germany, however, Herbart has long been regarded as the founder of social psychology. The background of his life and work is sketched, and the gradual extension of his individual psychology towards the social is traced. Although he did not build a coherent system, his approach was novel and several of his original ideas anticipated some later social (...). Herbart had a number of prominent followers, and through them made a powerful impact on 19th-century social thought. (shrink)
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  50. Samuel D. Gosling (2004). Another Route to Broadening the Scope of Social Psychology: Ecologically Valid Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):339-340.score: 120.0
    An imbalance is identified in social psychology between controlled experimental studies (which are common) and real-world, ecologically valid studies (which are rare). The preponderance of experimental studies (which provide mere existence proofs and lack realism) helps fuel social psychology's fault-finding focus. Laboratory experiments and ecological studies should be pursued jointly to examine social life in the real world.
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