Search results for 'Social contract in literature' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka & International Society for Phenomenology and Literature (1982). The Philosophical Reflection of Man in Literature Selected Papers From Several Conferences Held by the International Society for Phenomenology and Literature in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
     
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    Dd Raphael (1994). Lated Rousseau's Social Contract and Discourse on Inequality for the Penguin Classics Series. He Was Proficient in German and Italian Too, and He Knew Enough Danish to Translate a Book on Wittgenstein Written in That Language. His Love of Literature Often Led Him to Illustrate Philosophical Points with Apt Examples From Classical Novels. [REVIEW] Utilitas 6 (1).
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  3.  6
    Julia Simon (2001). Beyond Contractual Morality: Ethics, Law, and Literature in Eighteenth-Century France. University of Rochester Press.
    Beyond Contractual Morality looks at current debates over the meaning of liberalism by reexamining their roots in eighteenth-century texts, which demonstrate ...
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  4. Matthew Simpson (2006). A Paradox of Sovereignty in Rousseau's Social Contract. Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (1):45-56.
    One unique part of Rousseau's Social Contract is his argument that a just society must have a specific constitutional arrangement of powers centred around what he calls the Sovereign and the Prince. This makes his philosophy different from other contractualists, such as Hobbes and Locke, who think that the principles of good government are compatible with any number of institutional structures. Rousseau's constitutional theory is thus significant in a way that has no parallel in Hobbes or Locke. More (...)
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    Nenad Miscevic (2013). In Search of the Reason and the Right—Rousseau's Social Contract as a Thought Experiment. Acta Analytica 28 (4):509-526.
    For Rousseau, social contract is a hypothetical one; the paper claims that it is, in contemporary terms, a political thought-experiment (TE). The abductive way of thinking, looking for the best normative pattern in the data, finds its counterpart in the historical abduction in the Second Discourse; the analogy between the two secures the methodological unity of Rousseau’s political philosophy. The proposed reading of the work as a TE shows that it fulfills the necessary requirements put by (hopefully) intuitively (...)
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  6. Simon Critchley (2016). Politics and Religion in the Social Contract. In Yves Charles Zarka & Anne Deneys-Tunney (eds.), Rousseau Between Nature and Culture: Philosophy, Literature, and Politics. De Gruyter 111-118.
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  7.  31
    Simon Cushing (1998). Representation and Obligation in Rawls' Social Contract Theory. Southwest Philosophy Review 14 (1):47-54.
    The two justificatory roles of the social contract are establishing whether or not a state is legitimate simpliciter and establishing whether any particular individual is politically obligated to obey the dictates of its governing institutions. Rawls's theory is obviously designed to address the first role but less obviously the other. Rawls does offer a duty-based theory of political obligation that has been criticized by neo-Lockean A. John Simmons. I assess Simmons's criticisms and the possible responses that could be (...)
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  8.  5
    Ben Wempe (2005). In Defense of a Self-Disciplined, Domain-Specific Social Contract Theory of Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):113-135.
    This article sets out two central theses. Both theses primarily involve a fundamental criticism of current contractarian business ethics(CBE), but if these can be sustained, they also constitute two boundary conditions for any future contractarian theory of business ethics. The first, which I label the self-discipline thesis, claims that current CBE would gain considerably in focus if more attention were paid to the logic of the social contract argument. By this I mean the aims set by the theorist (...)
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  9. Aaron James (2013). Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy. OUP Usa.
    If the global economy seems unfair, how should we understand what a fair global economy would be? What ideas of fairness, if any, apply, and what significance do they have for policy and law? Working within the social contract tradition, this book argues that fairness is best seen as a kind of equity in practice.
     
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  10.  5
    George Watson, Jon M. Shepard, Carroll U. Stephens, Amp & Others) (1999). Ideology and the Economic Social Contract in a Downsizing Environment. Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (4):659-672.
    By combining normative philosophy and empirical social science, we craft a research framework for assessing differential expectations embodied in normative conceptions of the economic social contract in the United States. We argue that there are distinctviews of such a contract grounded in individualist and communitarian philosophical ideologies. We apply this framework to organizational downsizing, postulating that certain human resource practices, in combination with the respective ideological orientations, will affect perceptions of the justice of downsizing policies.Living up (...)
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  11.  13
    John C. Christman (1999). Ideology and the Economic Social Contract in a Downsizing Environment. Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (4):659-672.
    By combining normative philosophy and empirical social science, we craft a research framework for assessing differential expectations embodied in normative conceptions of the economic social contract in the United States. We argue that there are distinctviews of such a contract grounded in individualist and communitarian philosophical ideologies. We apply this framework to organizational downsizing, postulating that certain human resource practices, in combination with the respective ideological orientations, will affect perceptions of the justice of downsizing policies.Living up (...)
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    Mônica Guimarães Teixeira do Amaral (1992). The Rupture of the Social Contract in Sade's Thought. Trans/Form/Ação 15:65-83.
    The works of Sade portray the corrupt and libertine practices at the time of Louis XV's despotic regime, invariably referring to the boudoir as a privileged place for the transformation of mind and body as well as for philosophical production. The actuality of Sade's thought lies in the fact that he reveals - as do modem trends - the narcissic constitution of subjectivity that, in its social-political aspect, leads to political conformism. This article aims at presenting Sade's thought as (...)
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  13.  31
    Warren Schmaus (2011). Science and the Social Contract in Renouvier. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):73-100.
    Renouvier criticized Comte’s positivist philosophy of science and proposed a social contract approach for dealing with normative questions in philosophy of science as well as moral philosophy. Renouvier then questioned Kant’s distinction between practical and theoretical reason and argued that judgments concerning epistemic warrant must be freely made in the same way that moral judgments are made. What counts as scientific knowledge depends on a consensus within the scientific community that develops over time through critical inquiry in much (...)
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  14. Michael Milde (1992). Gauthier, Rawls and the Social Contract in Contemporary Political Philosophy. Dissertation, University of Calgary (Canada)
    The general aim of any social contract theory is to generate the terms of an agreement which the parties to the contract will accept and respect. In order to identify what terms are likely to be acceptable, the theorist needs to specify the character of the parties and the conditions in which they are making the agreement. A prior step is also needed. The theorist needs to show that the characteristics and conditions chosen are appropriate to the (...)
     
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  15. Aaron James (2012). Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy. Oxford University Press Usa.
    If the global economy seems unfair, how should we understand what a fair global economy would be? What ideas of fairness, if any, apply, and what significance do they have for policy and law?Working within the social contract tradition, this book argues that fairness is best seen as a kind of equity in practice. The global economy as we know it is organized by an international social practice in which countries mutually rely upon common markets. This practice (...)
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  16.  28
    Allan J. Kimmel, N. Craig Smith & Jill Gabrielle Klein (2011). Ethical Decision Making and Research Deception in the Behavioral Sciences: An Application of Social Contract Theory. Ethics and Behavior 21 (3):222 - 251.
    Despite significant ethical advances in recent years, including professional developments in ethical review and codification, research deception continues to be a pervasive practice and contentious focus of debate in the behavioral sciences. Given the disciplines' generally stated ethical standards regarding the use of deceptive procedures, researchers have little practical guidance as to their ethical acceptability in specific research contexts. We use social contract theory to identify the conditions under which deception may or may not be morally permissible and (...)
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  17.  11
    Peter Stone, Social Contract Theory in the Global Context.
    Nicole Hassoun’s Globalization and Global Justice: Shrinking Distance,Expanding Obligations offers a novel argument for the existence ofpositive rights for the world’s poor, and explores institutional alternativessuitable for the realization of those rights. Hassoun’s argument is contractualist, and makes the existence of positive rights dependupon the conditions necessary for meaningful consent to the global order. Itthus provides an interesting example of social contract theory in the globalcontext. But Hassoun’s argument relies crucially upon the ambiguous natureof the concept of consent. (...)
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  18.  19
    David Williams (2007). Ideas and Actuality in the Social Contract: Kant and Rousseau. History of Political Thought 28 (3):469-495.
    Patrick Riley has argued that Immanuel Kant was the 'most adequate' of the social contractarians. This reputation was built on Kant's reliance on ideas rather than actual consent to give the contract its legitimacy. The greatest advantage in his so doing was to limit the potential of tyrannical or despotic regimes. A danger resides in this approach, however: by ignoring actual consent, one may not get the compliance required to achieve these standards. In this respect, by interpreting Rousseau (...)
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  19.  5
    D. Mistrey (2008). The Gift of Law: Liberty, Legitimacy and Autonomy in the Social Contract. South African Journal of Philosophy 27 (2):128-138.
    I examine Rousseau’s claim that any given will can be either itself or another, and cannot be commuted , through an investigation of liberty and legitimacy in The Social Contract, with respect to which Rousseau elaborates his notion that we prescribe laws to ourselves. Through an examination of the logic of the general will, I attempt to show that, while the theory of legitimacy is radical, it is faced with serious problems that concern the identification of the we (...)
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    Risse Matthias & Wollner Gabriel (2013). Critical Notice of Aaron James, Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (3):382-401.
    (2013). Critical notice of Aaron James, Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 382-401.
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  21.  4
    Linda Mg Zerilli (2005). 'Philosophy's Gaudy Dress' Rhetoric and Fantasy in the Lockean Social Contract. European Journal of Political Theory 4 (2):146-163.
    John Locke famously sets the arts of rhetoric at odds with the pursuit of knowledge. Drawing on the work of Ernesto Grassi, this article shows that Locke’s epistemological and political arguments are parasitic on the very tropes and figures he would exclude in any serious discourse. Accordingly, Locke’s attack on the divine right of kings and his famous argument for the social contract is read as exhibiting a rhetorical structure. This structure is crucial to Locke’s critique of heteronomy (...)
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  22.  5
    S. Hellsten (2009). Afro-Libertarianism and The Social Contract Framework in Post-Colonial Africa: The Case of Post-2007 Elections Kenya. Thought and Practice: A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya 1 (1):127-150.
    This paper examines the shortcomings and possibilities of the social contract approach in relation to the Kenyan post 2007 elections political crisis. The author applies philosophical analysis to a practical situation, using Kenya as a case study inthe context of the challenges of post-colonial nation-building. The author reflects on the “Afro-libertarian” politico-economic framework, in which communitarian and communal traditions with egoistic and profit-making individualist libertarian marketrationality are tangled in a fragile, patrimonial state, with strong sub-national loyalties preventing the (...)
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  23.  17
    Wojciech Sadurski (1983). Contractarianism and Intuition (on the Role of Social Contract Arguments in Theories of Social Justice). Australasian Journal of Philosophy 61 (3):231 – 247.
    (1983). Contractarianism and intuition (On the role of social contract arguments in theories of social justice) Australasian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 61, No. 3, pp. 231-247.
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  24. John McManners (1968). The Social Contract and Rousseau's Revolt Against Society: An Inaugural Lecture Delivered in the University of Leicester 6 November 1967. London, Leicester U.P..
     
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  25.  11
    N. Karakayali (2014). Adapting, Defending and Transforming Ourselves: Conceptualizations of Self Practices in the Social Science Literature. History of the Human Sciences 28 (1):98–117.
    Self practices – mental and bodily activities through which individuals try to give a shape to their existence – have been a topic of interest in the social science literature for over a century now. These studies bring into focus that such activities play important roles in our relationship to our social environment. But beyond this general insight we still do not have a framework for elucidating what kind of roles/uses have been attributed to (...)
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    Rebecca L. Walker & Clair Morrissey (2014). Bioethics Methods in the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications of the Human Genome Project Literature. Bioethics 28 (9):481-490.
    While bioethics as a field has concerned itself with methodological issues since the early years, there has been no systematic examination of how ethics is incorporated into research on the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications of the Human Genome Project. Yet ELSI research may bear a particular burden of investigating and substantiating its methods given public funding, an explicitly cross-disciplinary approach, and the perceived significance of adequate responsiveness to advances in genomics. We undertook a qualitative content analysis of (...)
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    Godfrey Netondo Fuchaka Waswa, Tabitha Naisiko Lucy Maina & Joseph Wangamati (2009). Potential of Corporate Social Responsibility for Poverty Alleviation Among Contract Sugarcane Farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt, Western Kenya. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5).
    Although contract sugarcane farming is the most dominant and popular land use among farmers in Nzoia Sugarbelt, results from a 2007 study suggests that the intended goal of increasing farmers’ incomes seems to have failed. With a mean monthly income of Kenya Shillings 723 (US $ 10) from an average cane acreage of 0.38 hectares, it would be difficult for a household of eight family members to meet their basic needs and lead a decent life. Analysis of farmer statements (...)
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    Fuchaka Waswa, Godfrey Netondo, Lucy Maina, Tabitha Naisiko & Joseph Wangamati (2009). Potential of Corporate Social Responsibility for Poverty Alleviation Among Contract Sugarcane Farmers in the Nzoia Sugarbelt, Western Kenya. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5):463-475.
    Although contract sugarcane farming is the most dominant and popular land use among farmers in Nzoia Sugarbelt, results from a 2007 study suggests that the intended goal of increasing farmers’ incomes seems to have failed. With a mean monthly income of Kenya Shillings 723 (US $ 10) from an average cane acreage of 0.38 hectares, it would be difficult for a household of eight family members to meet their basic needs and lead a decent life. Analysis of farmer statements (...)
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  29.  42
    Andrew F. March, Islamic Foundations for a Social Contract in Non-Muslim Liberal Democracies.
    In this article I take up John Rawls's invitation to investigate the capacity of a given comprehensive ethical doctrine to endorse on principled grounds the liberal terms of social cooperation. In the case of Islamic political ethics, however, far more is at stake in affirming citizenship in a (non-Muslim) liberal democracy than state neutrality and individual autonomy. Islamic legal and political traditions have traditionally held that submission to non-Muslim political authority and bonds of loyalty and solidarity with non-Muslim societies (...)
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  30. Brian Skyrms (2014). Evolution of the Social Contract. Cambridge University Press.
    In this new edition of Evolution of the Social Contract, Brian Skyrms uses evolutionary game theory to analyze the genesis of social contracts and investigates social phenomena including justice, communication, altruism, and bargaining. Featuring new material on evolution and information transfer, and including recent developments in game theory and evolution literature, his book introduces and applies appropriate concepts of equilibrium and evolutionary dynamics, showing how key issues can be modeled as games and considering the ways (...)
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  31.  43
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau (2004/2006). The Social Contract. Penguin Books.
    The perfect books for the true book lover, Penguin’s Great Ideas series features twelve more groundbreaking works by some of history’s most prodigious thinkers. Each volume is beautifully packaged with a unique type-driven design that highlights the bookmaker’s art. Offering great literature in great packages at great prices, this series is ideal for those readers who want to explore and savor the Great Ideas that have shaped our world.
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  32.  1
    Colin Ong-Dean (2005). Reconsidering the Social Location of the Medical Model: An Examination of Disability in Parenting Literature. Journal of Medical Humanities 26 (2-3):141-158.
    This paper challenges the view that there is one medical model of disability monolithically and oppressively imposed on disabled people. Because the presence of disability may be ambiguous in any given case, multiple actors, lay and professional, may invoke particular medical models of disability and advance competing claims about an individual’s disabilities and related needs. The literature for parents of disabled children is seen as a resource on which parents can draw in making claims about their children’s disabilities (...)
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    Robert Jubb (2012). Social Connection and Practice Dependence: Some Recent Developments in the Global Justice Literature: Iris Marion Young, Responsibility for Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011; and Ayelet Banai, Miriam Ronzoni and Christian Schemmel, Social Justice, Global Dynamics. Oxford: Routledge, 2011. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (5):1-16.
    This review essay discusses two recent attempts to reform the framework in which issues of international and global justice are discussed: Iris Marion Young's ?social connection' model and the practice-dependent approach, here exemplified by Ayelet Banai, Miriam Ronzoni and Christian Schemmel's edited collection. I argue that while Young's model may fit some issues of international or global justice, it misconceives the problems that many of them pose. Indeed, its difficulties point precisely in the direction of practice dependence (...)
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  34.  14
    Rina Agarwala (2008). Reshaping the Social Contract: Emerging Relations Between the State and Informal Labor in India. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 37 (4):375-408.
  35.  3
    Mark Shackleton (2013). Peter Swirski , American Utopia and Social Engineering in Literature, Social Thought, and Political History . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 33 (1):82-84.
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  36.  65
    Anita Silvers & Leslie Pickering Francis (2005). Justice Through Trust: Disability and the “Outlier Problem” in Social Contract Theory. Ethics 116 (1):40-76.
  37.  6
    John Douglas Bishop (forthcoming). For-Profit Corporations in a Just Society: A Social Contract Argument Concerning the Rights and Responsibilities of Corporations. Business Ethics Quarterly.
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  38.  3
    Vineeth Mathoor (2013). Decolonizing Democracy: Transforming the Social Contract in India by Christine Keating. [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 14 (4):425-427.
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  39. John Richards (1991). Collective Bargaining Is Not Enough: The Case for a New Social Contract in S. Rosenblum and P. Findlay Eds. In Simon Rosenblum & Peter Findlay (eds.), Debating Canada’s Future: Views From the Left. James Lorimer
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  40.  2
    Simon Cushing (1998). Agreement in Social Contract Theories: Locke Vs. Rawls. Social Philosophy Today 13:349-371.
  41.  9
    Simon Cushing (1998). Agreement in Social Contract Theories. Social Philosophy Today 13:349-371.
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  42.  7
    Sally J. Scholz (1993). The Female's Rights in Society According to the Social Contract Theory of John Locke. Social Philosophy Today 8:247-260.
  43. Fayçal Falaky (2014). Social Contract, Masochist Contract: Aesthetics of Freedom and Submission in Rousseau. State University of New York Press.
    _Provocative reading of the role masochism plays in structuring the aesthetics and political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau._.
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  44. Fayçal Falaky (2015). Social Contract, Masochist Contract: Aesthetics of Freedom and Submission in Rousseau. State University of New York Press.
    _Provocative reading of the role masochism plays in structuring the aesthetics and political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau._.
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  45. Loreen Maseno (2012). Implications of Social Contract Theory for Women in Africa. In J. N. Kanyua Mugambi & David W. Lutz (eds.), Applied Ethics in Religion and Culture: Contextual and Global Challenges. Action Publishers
     
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  46. Allen Patten (2001). Social Contract Theory and the Politics of Recognition in Hegel's Political Philosophy. In Robert Williams (ed.), Beyond Liberalism and Communitarianism: Studies in Hegel's Philosophy of Right. Suny Press 167--84.
     
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  47. Sally J. Scholz (1993). The Female’s Rights in Society According to the Social Contract Theory of John Locke. Social Philosophy Today 8:247-260.
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  48. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1968/2006). The Social Contract. Harmondsworth, Penguin.
    The perfect books for the true book lover, Penguin’s Great Ideas series features twelve more groundbreaking works by some of history’s most prodigious thinkers. Each volume is beautifully packaged with a unique type-driven design that highlights the bookmaker’s art. Offering great literature in great packages at great prices, this series is ideal for those readers who want to explore and savor the Great Ideas that have shaped our world.
     
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  49. Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1950/2006). The Social Contract. New York, Dutton.
    The perfect books for the true book lover, Penguin’s Great Ideas series features twelve more groundbreaking works by some of history’s most prodigious thinkers. Each volume is beautifully packaged with a unique type-driven design that highlights the bookmaker’s art. Offering great literature in great packages at great prices, this series is ideal for those readers who want to explore and savor the Great Ideas that have shaped our world.
     
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  50.  5
    Anna Moran, Pamela Enderby & Susan Nancarrow (2011). Defining and Identifying Common Elements of and Contextual Influences on the Roles of Support Workers in Health and Social Care: A Thematic Analysis of the Literature. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (6):1191-1199.
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