Search results for 'Social control' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mauricio García Ojeda (2011). Capital social y clientelismo: otra limitación para el control social. Polis 29.score: 78.0
    En contraste a los efectos positivos del capital social, diversos autores llaman la atención sobre su “lado oscuro”. En este artículo exploramos una de sus manifestaciones. Proponemos que el capital social puede ser utilizado por políticos en relaciones clientelares para coaccionar a los ciudadanos, condicionando la continuidad de estas relaciones si los ciudadanos utilizan mecanismos de control social para sancionarlos. Proponemos entonces que el capital social puede limitar el ejercicio del control social. Luego (...)
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  2. Sae Won Kim & Chong Ju Choi (2007). Habits, Self-Control and Social Conventions: The Role of Global Media and Corporations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 76 (2):147 - 154.score: 72.0
    There has been an intellectual debate at least since the 1960s in business ethics on the role of the media in relation to consumer choice driven by either habits or rationality. If consumers are totally rational, then the global media and global corporations provide just information and knowledge. If consumers are influenced by habit then large corporations and global media can greatly influence consumer choice and create problems of self-control (Ainslie, 1992, Pico Economics: The Strategic Interaction of Successive Motivational (...)
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  3. Michael Domjan, Brian Cusato & Ronald Villarreal (2000). Pavlovian Feed-Forward Mechanisms in the Control of Social Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):235-249.score: 72.0
    The conceptual and investigative tools for the analysis of social behavior can be expanded by integrating biological theory, control systems theory, and Pavlovian conditioning. Biological theory has focused on the costs and benefits of social behavior from ecological and evolutionary perspectives. In contrast, control systems theory is concerned with how machines achieve a particular goal or purpose. The accurate operation of a system often requires feed-forward mechanisms that adjust system performance in anticipation of future inputs. Pavlovian (...)
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  4. Ranjani Prabhakaran & Jeremy R. Gray (2012). The Pervasive Nature of Unconscious Social Information Processing in Executive Control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 72.0
    Humans not only have impressive executive abilities, but we are also fundamentally social creatures. In the cognitive neuroscience literature, it has long been assumed that executive control mechanisms, which play a critical role in guiding goal-directed behavior, operate on consciously processed information. Although more recent evidence suggests that unconsciously processed information can also influence executive control, most of this literature has focused on visual masked priming paradigms. However, the social psychological literature has demonstrated that unconscious influences (...)
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  5. Jeremy R. Gray Ranjani Prabhakaran (2012). The Pervasive Nature of Unconscious Social Information Processing in Executive Control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 72.0
    Humans not only have impressive executive abilities, but we are also fundamentally social creatures. In the cognitive neuroscience literature, it has long been assumed that executive control mechanisms, which play a critical role in guiding goal-directed behavior, operate on consciously processed information. Although more recent evidence suggests that unconsciously processed information can also influence executive control, most of this literature has focused on visual masked priming paradigms. However, the social psychological literature has demonstrated that unconscious influences (...)
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  6. Augusto Sánchez-Sandoval (2005). Sistemas Ideológicos y Control Social. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.score: 66.0
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  7. John A. Bargh (2005). Bypassing the Will: Toward Demystifying the Nonconscious Control of Social Behavior. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. 37-58.score: 63.0
  8. Luis Castro-Nogueira Laureano Castro, A. Castro-Nogueira Miguel & A. Toro Miguel (2010). Cultural Transmission and Social Control of Human Behavior. Biology and Philosophy 25 (3).score: 60.0
    Humans have developed the capacity to approve or disapprove of the behavior of their children and of unrelated individuals. The ability to approve or disapprove transformed social learning into a system of cumulative cultural inheritance, because it increased the reliability of cultural transmission. Moreover, people can transmit their behavioral experiences (regarding what can and cannot be done) to their offspring, thereby avoiding the costs of a laborious, and sometimes dangerous, evaluation of different cultural alternatives. Our thesis is that, during (...)
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  9. Donald Dickson (2009). When Law and Ethics Collide: Social Control in Child Protective Services. Ethics and Social Welfare 3 (3):264-283.score: 60.0
    Social welfare workers in the protective services field?among them social workers, psychologists, and psychiatrists?are expected to follow the laws of the state in which they practice, but are also bound by their professional code of ethics. Often this does not present a problem, but at times ethical and legal expectations differ. This is particularly problematic where the professionals may be seen as agents of control, reporting possible child abuse, conducting child abuse investigations, inspecting homes, monitoring families, removing (...)
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  10. William S. Laufer & Diana C. Robertson (1997). Corporate Ethics Initiatives as Social Control. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1029-1047.score: 60.0
    Efforts to institutionalize ethics in corporations have been discussed without first addressing the desirability of norm conformity or the possibility that the means used to elicit conformity will be coercive. This article presents a theoretical context, grounded in models of social control, within which ethics initiatives may be evaluated. Ethics initiatives are discussed in relation to variables that already exert control in the workplace, such as environmental controls, organizational controls, and personal controls.
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  11. Bradley Campbell (2009). Genocide as Social Control. Sociological Theory 27 (2):150 - 172.score: 60.0
    Genocide is defined here as organized and unilateral mass killing on the basis of ethnicity. While some have focused on genocide as a type of deviance, most genocide is also social control — a response to behavior itself defined as deviant. As such, it can be explained as a part of a general theory of social control. Black's (1998) theories of social control explain the handling of conflicts with their social geometry — that (...)
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  12. Penelope Gouk (2013). Music as a Means of Social Control: Some Examples of Practice and Theory in Early Modern Europe. In Tom Cochrane, Bernardino Fantini & Klaus R. Scherer (eds.), The Emotional Power of Music: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Musical Arousal, Expression, and Social Control. Oup Oxford. 307.score: 60.0
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  13. Fernando Roberto Lenardón (2007). Administración pública, control social y eficiencia. Enfoques 19 (1-2):55-88.score: 60.0
    La apatía con la que el hombre observa el accionar de los administradores públicos es una de las razones por las que muchos gobernantes consideran que acceden al poder para desarrollar proyectos personales y no para cumplir con el mandato del pueblo. En general, el argentino tiene la tendencia a "de..
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  14. Roy F. Baumeister, A. William Crescioni & Jessica L. Alquist (2011). Free Will as Advanced Action Control for Human Social Life and Culture. Neuroethics 4 (1):1-11.score: 54.0
    Free will can be understood as a novel form of action control that evolved to meet the escalating demands of human social life, including moral action and pursuit of enlightened self-interest in a cultural context. That understanding is conducive to scientific research, which is reviewed here in support of four hypotheses. First, laypersons tend to believe in free will. Second, that belief has behavioral consequences, including increases in socially and culturally desirable acts. Third, laypersons can reliably distinguish free (...)
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  15. Matt J. Rossano (2011). Cognitive Control: Social Evolution and Emotional Regulation. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):238-241.score: 54.0
    This commentary argues that theories of cognitive control risk being incomplete unless they incorporate social/emotional factors. Social factors very likely played a critical role in the evolution of human cognitive control abilities, and emotional states are the primary regulatory mechanisms of cognitive control.
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  16. Antonia F. De C. Hamilton Yin Wang (2012). Social Top-Down Response Modulation (STORM): A Model of the Control of Mimicry in Social Interaction. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 54.0
    As a distinct feature of human social interactions, spontaneous mimicry has been widely investigated in the past decade. Research suggests that mimicry is a subtle and flexible social behaviour which plays an important role for communication and affiliation. However, fundamental questions like why and how people mimic still remain unclear. In this paper, we evaluate past theories of why people mimic and the brain systems that implement mimicry in social psychology and cognitive neuroscience. By reviewing recent behavioural (...)
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  17. Nina E. Cohen, Marcel A. P. M. Van Asseldonk & Elsbeth N. Stassen (2007). Social-Ethical Issues Concerning the Control Strategy of Animal Diseases in the European Union: A Survey. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 24 (4):499-510.score: 54.0
    In 2004 a survey was conducted in the member states of the European Union designed to gain greater insight into the views on control strategies for foot and mouth disease, classical swine fever, and avian influenza with respect to the epidemiological, economic and social-ethical consequences of each of these animal diseases. This article presents the results of the social-ethical survey. A selection of stakeholders from each member state was asked to prioritize issues for the prevention and (...) of these diseases. A majority of stakeholders chose preventive measures as the preferred issue. An analysis was done to determine whether there were differences in views expressed by stakeholders from member states with a history of recent epidemics and ones without such a history, and whether there were regional differences. There were no differences between member states with or without a history of recent epidemics. There were indeed regional differences between the priority orders from Northern and Southern Europe on the one hand, and from Eastern Europe on the other. (shrink)
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  18. Christine A. Henle, Charlie L. Reeve & Virginia E. Pitts (2010). Stealing Time at Work: Attitudes, Social Pressure, and Perceived Control as Predictors of Time Theft. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 94 (1):53 - 67.score: 54.0
    Organizations have long struggled to find ways to reduce the occurrence of unethical behaviors by employees. Unfortunately, time theft, a common and costly form of ethical misconduct at work, has been understudied by ethics researchers. In order to remedy this gap in the literature, we used the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to investigate the antecedents of time theft, which includes behaviors such as arriving later to or leaving earlier from work than scheduled, taking additional or longer breaks than is (...)
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  19. Bruce Western (2004). Politics and Social Structure in The Culture of Control. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 7 (2):33-41.score: 51.0
    David Garland's The Culture of Control provides a powerful analysis of trends in crime and criminal justice policy over the last 30 years. This note re?examines two parts of the Garland thesis. First, it argues that punitive criminal justice policy is rooted in an authoritarian neoconservative politics that shares little with free?market ideology. Second, research on the collateral consequences of incarceration suggests that the penal system, at least in America, has become a significant influence on, rather than just a (...)
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  20. Valdeir del Cont (2013). The Control of Human Genetic Characteristics and the Institutionalization of Eugenic Social-Cultural Practices. Scientiae Studia 11 (3):511-530.score: 51.0
    Uma das características do movimento eugênico foi a formação de uma estrutura institucionalizada. Tal característica inicia-se com Francis Galton, mas é nos Estados Unidos que adquire a formatação institucional que servirá de modelo para as várias iniciativas eugênicas em outras partes do mundo. Neste texto, pretendemos analisar algumas condições que contribuíram para a eugenia ser apresentada como uma proposta científica de controle social de traços ou características consideradas geneticamente determinadas. One of the characteristics of the eugenic movement was the (...)
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  21. Betty S. Coffey & Jia Wang (1998). Board Diversity and Managerial Control as Predictors of Corporate Social Performance. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (14):1595-1603.score: 48.0
    While it is widely assumed that greater diversity in corporate governance will enhance a firms corporate social performance, this study considers an alternative thesis which relates managerial control to corporate philanthropy. The study empirically evaluates both board diversity and managerial control of the board as possible predictors of corporate philanthropy. The demonstration of a positive relationship between managerial control and corporate philanthropy contributes to our understanding that corporate social performance results from a complex set of (...)
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  22. E. Breton & W. Sherlaw (2011). Examining Tobacco Control Strategies and Aims Through a Social Justice Lens: An Application of Sen's Capability Approach. Public Health Ethics 4 (2):149-159.score: 48.0
    Although the effectiveness of some tobacco programs and policies has been clearly demonstrated in reducing the overall population smoking prevalence, the health benefits are not equally distributed across all socio-economic classes; a situation that clearly runs against the equalitarian ethos of most modern states. In this article, we evaluate the benefits of using Sen’s Capability Approach as a theory of social justice to guide public health program and policy development in a way that would prevent the further increase of (...)
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  23. Maury Silver, Rosaria Conte, Maria Miceli & Isabella Poggi (1986). Humiliation: Feeling, Social Control and the Construction of Identity. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 16 (3):269–283.score: 48.0
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  24. Anne West (2006). School Choice, Equity and Social Justice: The Case for More Control. British Journal of Educational Studies 54 (1):15 - 33.score: 48.0
    This paper focuses on school choice and the extent to which admissions to publicly-funded secondary schools in England address issues of equity and social justice. It argues that schools with responsibility for their own admissions are more likely than others to act in their own self interest by 'selecting in' or 'creaming' particular pupils and 'selecting out' others. Given this, it is argued that individual schools should not be responsible for admissions. Instead, admissions should be the responsibility of a (...)
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  25. K. L. Mandeville, M. Harris, H. L. Thomas, Y. Chow & C. Seng (2014). Using Social Networking Sites for Communicable Disease Control: Innovative Contact Tracing or Breach of Confidentiality? Public Health Ethics 7 (1):47-50.score: 48.0
    Social media applications such as Twitter, YouTube and Facebook have attained huge popularity, with more than three billion people and organizations predicted to have a social networking account by 2015. Social media offers a rapid avenue of communication with the public and has potential benefits for communicable disease control and surveillance. However, its application in everyday public health practice raises a number of important issues around confidentiality and autonomy. We report here a case from local level (...)
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  26. Serge Proulx & Mary Jane Kwok Choon (2011). L'usage des réseaux socionumériques : une intériorisation douce et progressive du contrôle social. Hermès 59:, [ p.].score: 48.0
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  27. Steven R. Salbu (1993). Corporate Social Responsiveness: Choosing Between Hierarchical and Contractual Control. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 12 (1):27 - 35.score: 48.0
    Metaphors from strategic management can be applied effectively to business ethics programs. While effective strategies help implement ethical decisions that are formulated in good faith, ostensibly value-neutral control mechanisms can indirectly affect the substantive nature of policies and decisions themselves. This article examines the effectiveness of various corporate social responsibility implementation strategies. It also addresses the effects of implementation choices on the substantive formulation of ethical decisions and policies.Implementation and evaluation of corporate social responsibility programs through models (...)
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  28. Sophie Body-Gendrot (2010). European Policies of Social Control Post-9/11. Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (1):181-204.score: 48.0
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  29. Jan Rivkin (1999). Reviews: Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World, Kevin Kelly. [REVIEW] Emergence 1 (2):179-182.score: 48.0
    (1999). Reviews: Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World, Kevin Kelly. Emergence: Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 179-182.
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  30. Emil Lederer (forthcoming). Social Control Vs. Economic Law: An Old Dogma and a New Situation. Social Research.score: 48.0
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  31. Gary T. Marx (2001). Technology and Social Control: The Search for the Illusive Silver Bullet. In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. 1.score: 48.0
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  32. Werner Wicki (2000). Social Control, Perceived Control, and the Family1. In Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.), Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Erlbaum. 439.score: 48.0
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  33. George Herbert Mead (1925). The Genesis of the Self and Social Control. International Journal of Ethics 35 (3):251-277.score: 45.0
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  34. Thomas T. Hills (2011). The Evolutionary Origins of Cognitive Control. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):231-237.score: 45.0
    The question of domain-specific versus domain-general processing is an ongoing source of inquiry surrounding cognitive control. Using a comparative evolutionary approach, Stout (2010) proposed two components of cognitive control: coordinating hierarchical action plans and social cognition. This article reports additional molecular and experimental evidence supporting a domain-general attentional process coordinating hierarchical action plans, with the earliest such control processing originating in the capacity of dynamic foraging behaviors—predating the vertebrate-invertebrate divergence (c. 700 million years ago). Further discussion (...)
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  35. Adam D. Moore (2000). Owning Genetic Information and Gene Enhancement Techniques: Why Privacy and Property Rights May Undermine Social Control of the Human Genome. Bioethics 14 (2):97–119.score: 45.0
  36. Morten Huse, Sabina Tacheva Nielsen & Inger Marie Hagen (2009). Women and Employee-Elected Board Members, and Their Contributions to Board Control Tasks. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):581 - 597.score: 45.0
    We present results from a study about women and employee-elected board members, and fill some of the gaps in the literature about their contribution to board effectiveness. The empirical data are from a unique data set of Norwegian firms. Board effectiveness is evaluated in relation to board control tasks, including board corporate social responsibility (CSR) involvement. We found that the contributions of women and employee-elected board members varied depending on the board tasks studied. In the article we also (...)
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  37. Roscoe Pound (1942/1968). Social Control Through Law. [Hamden, Conn.]Archon Books.score: 45.0
    In saying this he had reference to practical activities such as medicine and law . In these the practitioner is in constant contact with the facts of life ...
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  38. A. K. Saran (1953). Art and Ritual as Methods of Social Control and Planning. Ethics 63 (3):171-179.score: 45.0
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  39. Harold Chapman Brown (1929). Advertising and Propaganda: A Study in the Ethics of Social Control. International Journal of Ethics 40 (1):39-55.score: 45.0
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  40. Michael F. Winter (1996). Societal Reaction, Labeling and Social Control: The Contribution of Edwin M. Lemert. History of the Human Sciences 9 (2):53-77.score: 45.0
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  41. David Carr (2000). Moral Formation, Cultural Attachment or Social Control: What's the Point of Values Education? Educational Theory 50 (1):49-62.score: 45.0
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  42. Joseph L. de Vitis (1974). Marcuse on Education: Social Critique and Social Control. Educational Theory 24 (3):259-268.score: 45.0
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  43. S. C. Todd (1995). Policing Athens V. J. Hunter: Policing Athens. Social Control in the Attic Lawsuits, 420–320 B.C. Pp. Xv+303; 3 Plans/Line Drawings. Princeton: NJ, Princeton University Press, 1994. Cased. $29/£25. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 45 (01):89-91.score: 45.0
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  44. Thomas Wiedemann (1986). Slaves and Masters K. R. Bradley: Slaves and Masters in the Roman Empire. A Study in Social Control. (Latomus, 185). Pp. 164. Brussels, 1984. Paper, 750 B. Frs. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 36 (02):276-277.score: 45.0
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  45. Christopher Bennett (2013). Considering Capital Punishment as a Human Interaction. Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (2):367-382.score: 45.0
    This paper contributes to the normative debate over capital punishment by looking at whether the role of executioner is one in which it is possible and proper to take pride. The answer to the latter question turns on the kind of justification the agent can give for what she does in carrying out the role. So our inquiry concerns whether the justifications available to an executioner could provide him with the kind of justification necessary for him to take pride in (...)
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  46. Joseph Roy Geiger (1918). Religious Worship and Social Control. International Journal of Ethics 29 (1):88-97.score: 45.0
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  47. Janet Hess (1998). Embedded Objects: The Asante Goldweight, Subjectivity Formation, and Social Control. Semiotica 118 (3-4):295-306.score: 45.0
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  48. T. J. Figueira (2003). Xenelasia and Social Control in Classical Sparta. Classical Quarterly 53 (1):44-74.score: 45.0
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  49. Nancy R. King (1977). Education and Social Control. Educational Theory 27 (3):245-250.score: 45.0
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  50. T. Shallice (1984). Psychology and Social Control. Cognition 17 (1):29-48.score: 45.0
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