Search results for 'Socioeconomic Factors' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. S. E. Mock & S. M. Arai (2009). Childhood Trauma and Chronic Illness in Adulthood: Mental Health and Socioeconomic Status as Explanatory Factors and Buffers. Frontiers in Psychology 1:246-246.score: 48.0
    Experiences of traumatic events in childhood have been shown to have long-term consequences for health in adulthood. With data from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey we take a life course perspective of cumulative disadvantage and examine the potential role of mental health and socioeconomic status in adulthood as multiple mediators of the link between childhood trauma and chronic illness in adulthood. Mental health and socioeconomic status are also tested as buffers against the typically adverse consequences of childhood (...)
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  2. W. G. F. Groenewold & M. Tilahun (1990). Anthropometric Indicators of Nutritional Status, Socioeconomic Factors and Mortality in Hospitalized Children in Addis Ababa. Journal of Biosocial Science 22 (3):373-379.score: 45.0
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  3. Hassan Y. Aly (1990). Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Infant Mortality in Egypt. Journal of Biosocial Science 22 (4).score: 45.0
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  4. Alok Bhargava, Aravinda M. Guntupalli & Michael Lokshin (2011). Health Care Utilization, Socioeconomic Factors and Child Health in India. Journal of Biosocial Science 43 (6):701-715.score: 45.0
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  5. Abbas Bhuiya, Bogdan Wojtyniak & Rezaul Karim (1989). Malnutrition and Child Mortality: Are Socioeconomic Factors Important? Journal of Biosocial Science 21 (3):357-364.score: 45.0
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  6. G. Groenwold & M. Tilahuan (1990). Anthropometric Indicators of Nutritional Status, Socioeconomic Factors, and Mortality in Hospitalized Children in Addis Abba. Journal of Biosocial Science 22:373-79.score: 45.0
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  7. Che-Fu Lee & Ruhul Amin (1981). Socioeconomic Factors, Intermediate Variables and Fertility in Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science 13 (2).score: 45.0
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  8. M. Mohsin, S. R. Nath & A. M. R. Chowdhury (1996). Influence of Socioeconomic Factors on Basic Competencies of Children in Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science 28 (1):15-24.score: 45.0
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  9. Y. Motohashi (1991). Effects of Socioeconomic Factors on Secular Trends in Suicide in Japan, 1953–86. Journal of Biosocial Science 23 (2):221-227.score: 45.0
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  10. Israel S. L. Sembajwe (1983). Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Mortality in Rural Tanzania. Journal of Biosocial Science 15 (4).score: 45.0
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  11. Eiichi Uchida, Shunichi Araki & Katsuyuki Murata (1992). Socioeconomic Factors Affecting the Longevity of the Japanese Population: A Study for 1980 and 1985. Journal of Biosocial Science 24 (4):497-504.score: 45.0
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  12. Eiichi Uchida, Shunichi Araki & Katsuyuki Murata (1993). Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Marriage, Divorce and Birth Rates in a Japanese Population. Journal of Biosocial Science 25 (4):499-507.score: 45.0
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  13. Jennifer Hollowell, Mike P. W. Grocott, Rebecca Hardy, Fares S. Haddad, Monty G. Mythen & Rosalind Raine (2010). Major Elective Joint Replacement Surgery: Socioeconomic Variations in Surgical Risk, Postoperative Morbidity and Length of Stay. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):529-538.score: 39.0
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  14. Bang Nguyen Pham, Timothy Adair & Peter S. Hill (2010). Maternal Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors Associated with the Sex Ratio at Birth in Vietnam. Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (6):757-772.score: 39.0
    In recent years Vietnam has experienced a high sex ratio at birth SRB) amidst rapid socioeconomic and demographic changes. However, little is known about the differentials in SRB between maternal socioeconomic and demographic groups. The paper uses data from the annual Population Change Survey (PCS) in 2006 to examine the relationship of the sex ratio of the most recent birth with maternal socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and the number of previous female births. The SRB of Vietnam was (...)
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  15. Vania M. R. Marins, Rmvr Almeida, Rosangela A. Pereira & Roseli Sichieri (2007). The Association Between Socioeconomic Indicators and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (2):221.score: 36.0
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  16. W. I. De Silva (1992). Relationships of Desire for No More Children and Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors in Sri Lankan Women. Journal of Biosocial Science 24 (2):185-99.score: 36.0
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  17. Kevin J. Flannelly & Malcolm S. McLeod (1989). A Multivariate Analysis of Socioeconomic and Attitudinal Factors Predicting Commuters' Mode of Travel. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (1):64-66.score: 36.0
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  18. S. Lourdusamy (1990). Religious Fundamentalism as Political Weapon-Socioeconomic and Political Factors. Journal of Dharma 15 (2):125-134.score: 36.0
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  19. Vania M. R. Marins, Renan M. V. R. Almeida, Rosangela A. Pereira & Roseli Sichieri (2007). The Association Between Socioeconomic Indicators and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (2):221-229.score: 36.0
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  20. Joyce N. Mumah & Douglas Jackson-Smith (2013). Do the Factors Associated with Female Hiv Infection Vary by Socioeconomic Status in Cameroon? Journal of Biosocial Science:1-18.score: 36.0
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  21. Sang-mi Park, Soong-Nang Jang & Dong-Hyun Kim (2010). Gender Differences as Factors in Successful Ageing: A Focus on Socioeconomic Status. Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (1):99.score: 36.0
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  22. Ronald A. Lindsay (2005). Enhancements and Justice: Problems in Determining the Requirements of Justice in a Genetically Transformed Society. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (1):3-38.score: 30.0
    : There is a concern that genetic engineering will exacerbate existing social divisions and inequalities, especially if only the wealthy can afford genetic enhancements. Accordingly, many argue that justice requires the imposition of constraints on genetic engineering. However, it would be unwise to decide at this time what limits should be imposed in the future. Decision makers currently lack both the theoretical tools and the factual foundation for making sound judgments about the requirements of justice in a genetically transformed society. (...)
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  23. Margaret Sleeboom-Faulkner (ed.) (2009). Human Genetic Biobanks in Asia: Politics of Trust and Scientific Advancement. Routledge.score: 30.0
    This volume investigates human genetic biobanking and its regulation in various Asian countries and areas, including Japan, Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, ...
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  24. A. Giubilini & F. Minerva (2013). Clarifications on the Moral Status of Newborns and the Normative Implications. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):264-265.score: 30.0
    In this paper we clarify some issues related to our previous article ‘After-birth abortion: why should the baby live?’.
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  25. Allen E. Buchanan (1995). Equal Opportunity and Genetic Intervention. Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):105 - 35.score: 30.0
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  26. Camilla K. Gilmore, Shannon E. McCarthy & Elizabeth S. Spelke (2010). Non-Symbolic Arithmetic Abilities and Achievement in the First Year of Formal Schooling in Mathematics. Cognition 115 (3):394.score: 30.0
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  27. C. Cruz (1997). [Sexual and Reproductive Health. Development and Cooperation]. Dialogos 30.score: 30.0
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  28. Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp (1992). Cultural and Socioeconomic Constraints on International Codes of Ethics: Lessons From Accounting. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 11 (9):687 - 700.score: 24.0
    This paper provides a framework for the examination of cultural and socioeconomic factors that could impede the acceptance and implementation of a profession's international code of conduct. We apply it to the Guidelines on Ethics for Professional Accountants issued by the International Federation of Accountants (1990). To examine the cultural effects, we use Hofstede's (1980a) four work-related values: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, and masculinity. The socioeconomic factors are the level of development of the profession and (...)
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  29. K. Baeroe & B. Bringedal (2011). Just Health: On the Conditions for Acceptable and Unacceptable Priority Settings with Respect to Patients' Socioeconomic Status. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):526-529.score: 24.0
    It is well documented that the higher the socioeconomic status (SES) of patients, the better their health and life expectancy. SES also influences the use of health services—the higher the patients' SES, the more time and specialised health services provided. This leads to the following question: should clinicians give priority to individual patients with low SES in order to enhance health equity? Some argue that equity is best preserved by physicians who remain loyal to ‘ordinary medical fairness’ in non-ideal (...)
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  30. Mark M. Kishiyama Rajeev D. S. Raizada (2010). Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Brain Development, and How Cognitive Neuroscience May Contribute to Levelling the Playing Field. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 21.0
    The study of socioeconomic status (SES) and the brain finds itself in a circumstance unusual for Cognitive Neuroscience: large numbers of questions with both practical and scientific importance exist, but they are currently under-researched and ripe for investigation. This review aims to highlight these questions, to outline their potential significance, and to suggest routes by which they might be approached. Although remarkably few neural studies have been carried out so far, there exists a large literature of previous behavioural work. (...)
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  31. Fiona Steele & Fatma El-Zahraa M. M. Geel (1999). The Impact of Family Planning Supply Factors on Unmet Need in Rural Egypt 1988ð1989. Journal of Biosocial Science 31 (3):311-326.score: 21.0
    This paper examines the reasons for the high level of unmet needfor contraception in rural Egypt, using data from the individual survey andservice availability module of the 1988Ð89 Egypt Demographic and HealthSurvey. Two broad sets of potential factors are considered: characteristics ofa woman which influence her desire for children and thus her propensity touse contraception, and factors relating to the family planning serviceenvironment in which she lives. The results from a multivariate analysis showthat certain individual characteristics, such as (...)
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  32. Kwasi Owusu Boadi & Markku Kuitunen (2006). Factors Affecting the Choice of Cooking Fuel, Cooking Place and Respiratory Health in the Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana. Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (3):403-412.score: 21.0
    Indoor air pollution resulting from the combustion of solid fuels has been identified as a major health threat in the developing world. This study examines how the choice of cooking fuel, place of cooking and behavioural risk factors affect respiratory health infections in Accra, Ghana. About 65·3% of respondents use charcoal and 4·2% use unprocessed wood. A total of 241 (25·4%) respondents who cook had had respiratory health symptoms in the two weeks preceding the study. Household socioeconomic status (...)
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  33. Joseph Keating, Kate Macintyre, Charles M. Mbogo, John I. Githure & John C. Beier (2005). Self-Reported Malaria and Mosquito Avoidance in Relation to Household Risk Factors in a Kenyan Coastal City. Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (6):761-771.score: 21.0
    A geographically stratified cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2002 to investigate household-level factors associated with use of mosquito control measures and self-reported malaria in Malindi, Kenya. A total of 629 households were surveyed. Logistic regressions were used to analyse the data. Half of all households (51%) reported all occupants using an insecticide-treated bed net and at least one additional mosquito control measure such as insecticides or removal of standing water. Forty-nine per cent reported a history of malaria in the (...)
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  34. M. Mohsin, A. E. Bauman & B. Jalaludin (2006). The Influence of Antenatal and Maternal Factors on Stillbirths and Neonatal Deaths in New South Wales, Australia. Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (5):643-657.score: 21.0
    This study identified the influences of maternal socio-demographic and antenatal factors on stillbirths and neonatal deaths in New South Wales, Australia. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore the association of selected antenatal and maternal characteristics with stillbirths and neonatal deaths. The findings of this study showed that stillbirths and neonatal deaths significantly varied by infant sex, maternal age, Aboriginality, maternal country of birth, socioeconomic status, parity, maternal smoking behaviour during pregnancy, maternal diabetes mellitus, maternal hypertension, antenatal (...)
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  35. James E. Swain, Suzanne C. Perkins, Carolyn J. Dayton, Eric D. Finegood & S. Shaun Ho (2012). Parental Brain and Socioeconomic Epigenetic Effects in Human Development. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (5):378-379.score: 21.0
    Critically significant parental effects in behavioral genetics may be partly understood as a consequence of maternal brain structure and function of caregiving systems recently studied in humans as well as rodents. Key parental brain areas regulate emotions, motivation/reward, and decision making, as well as more complex social-cognitive circuits. Additional key environmental factors must include socioeconomic status and paternal brain physiology. These have implications for developmental and evolutionary biology as well as public policy.
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  36. Jeffrey R. Cohen & Nonna Martinov Bennie (2006). The Applicability of a Contingent Factors Model to Accounting Ethics Research. Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1):1 - 18.score: 18.0
    This paper discusses the relevancy of a contingent factors model posited by Jones for conducting accounting ethics research. Using a sample of 37 experienced Australian auditing managers and partners of all of the ‘Big Four’ multinational accounting firms, we find that the contextual model developed by Jones can help guide accounting ethics research by isolating the contingent factors that affect ethical decision making. Moreover, we examine how the factors differ across different accounting settings. Implications for accounting ethics (...)
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  37. William T. Ross & Diana C. Robertson (2003). A Typology of Situational Factors: Impact on Salesperson Decision-Making About Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 46 (3):213 - 234.score: 18.0
    We explore two dimensions of situational factors expected to influence decision-making about ethical issues among sales representatives – universal vs. particular and direct vs. indirect. We argue that these distinctions are important theoretically, methodologically, and managerially. We test our hypotheses by means of a survey of 252 sales representatives. Our results confirm that considering universal and particular and direct and indirect situational factors contributes to our understanding of decision-making about ethical issues within a sales context, specifically willingness to (...)
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  38. Erika Blacksher (2002). On Being Poor and Feeling Poor: Low Socioeconomic Status and the Moral Self. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (6):455-470.score: 18.0
    Persons of low socioeconomic status generallyexperience worse health and shorter lives thantheir better off counterparts. They alsosuffer a greater incidence of adversepsychosocial characteristics, such as lowself-esteem, self-efficacy, and self-masteryand increased cynicism and hostility. Thesepopulation data suggest another category ofharm to persons: diminished moral agency. Chronic socioeconomic deprivation can createenvironments that undermine the development ofself and capacities constitutive to moralagency – i.e., the capacity forself-determination and crafting a life of one''sown. The harm affects not only the choicesa person (...)
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  39. Wing S. Chow, Jane P. Wu & Allan K. K. Chan (2009). The Effects of Environmental Factors on the Behavior of Chinese Managers in the Information Age in China. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):629 - 639.score: 18.0
    This paper examines the effects of environmental factors on the ethical behavior of managers using computers at work in Mainland China. In this study, environmental factors refer to senior management, peer groups, company policies, professional practices, and legal considerations. Ethical behaviors include attitudes to disclosure, protection of privacy, conflict of interest, personal conduct, social responsibility, and integrity. A questionnaire survey was used for data collection, and 125 mainland Chinese managers participated in the study. The results show that peer (...)
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  40. V. Umashanker Trivedi, Mohamed Shehata & Bernadette Lynn (2003). Impact of Personal and Situational Factors on Taxpayer Compliance: An Experimental Analysis. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 47 (3):175 - 197.score: 18.0
    This study used a laboratory experiment with monetary incentives to test the impact of three personal factors (moral reasoning, value orientation and risk preference), and three situational factors (the presence/absence of audits, tax inequity, and peer reporting behavior), while controlling for the impact of other demographic characteristics, on tax compliance. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) reveals that all the main effects analyzed are statistically significant and robustly influence tax compliance behavior. These results highlight the importance of obtaining a proper (...)
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  41. Anneli Douglas & Berendien A. Lubbe (2010). An Empirical Investigation Into the Role of Personal-Related Factors on Corporate Travel Policy Compliance. Journal of Business Ethics 92 (3):451 - 461.score: 18.0
    This article presents the results of the empirical testing of the corporate travel policy compliance model conceptualised by the authors and first published in the Journal of Business Ethics in 2009. In the previous article, the theory underlying the model was explained. This article follows with the results of the empirical testing of the model and focusses on those related to the influence of personal factors on policy compliance. The constructs used to define personal-related factors include personal ethics, (...)
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  42. Anneli Douglas & Berendien A. Lubbe (2009). Violation of the Corporate Travel Policy: An Exploration of Underlying Value-Related Factors. Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):97 - 111.score: 18.0
    A travel management programme allows an organisation to manage corporate travel expenditure, and through a well-formulated travel policy, to control its travel expenses. However, traveller non-compliance of the travel policy is an increasing area of concern with surveys conducted amongst travellers showing various reasons for non-compliance, both deliberate and unknowing. The purpose of this article is to look beyond the reasons and identify the underlying factors that influence travel policy compliance. Two broad categories of factors that lead to (...)
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  43. Philip J. Langlais (2012). Ethical Decision Making in the Conduct of Research: Role of Individual, Contextual and Organizational Factors. Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):551-555.score: 18.0
    Despite the importance of scientific integrity to the well-being of society, recent findings suggest that training and mentoring in the responsible conduct of research are not very reliable or effective inhibitors of research misbehavior. Understanding how and why individual scientists decide to behave in ways that conform to or violate norms and standards of research is essential to the development of more effective training programs and the creation of more supportive environments. Scholars in business management, psychology, and other disciplines have (...)
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  44. Abdul Majid, Ferdinand A. Gul & Judy S. L. Tsui (2001). An Analysis of Hong Kong Auditors' Perceptions of the Importance of Selected Red Flag Factors in Risk Assessment. Journal of Business Ethics 32 (3):263 - 274.score: 18.0
    This study examined auditors'' perceptions of the relative level of risk of fraud and material irregularities associated with the presence of six red flag factors and also evaluated the quality of auditors'' judgements. The study was conducted in two stages. In the first stage, subjects were asked to rank the importance of 15 factors that proxy the existence of material misstatements. Based on the responses to this questionnaire, 6 of the most important factors were identified and included (...)
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  45. T. J. M. Bench-Capon (2012). Representing Popov V Hayashi with Dimensions and Factors. Artificial Intelligence and Law 20 (1):15-35.score: 18.0
    Modelling reasoning with legal cases has been a central concern of AI and Law since the 1980s. The approach which represents cases as factors and dimensions has been a central part of that work. In this paper I consider how several varieties of the approach can be applied to the interesting case of Popov v Hayashi. After briefly reviewing some of the key landmarks of the approach, the case is represented in terms of factors and dimensions, and further (...)
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  46. Chih-Jou Chen, Chia-Chin Chang & Shiu-Wan Hung (2011). Influences of Technological Attributes and Environmental Factors on Technology Commercialization. Journal of Business Ethics 104 (4):525-535.score: 18.0
    As part of a new focus on sustainability, this study examines the effects of technological attributes, market potential, and environmental factors on the commercialization of technologies. A survey was conducted on two of Taiwan’s promising sustainable high-tech industries—solar photovoltaic (PV) and light emitting diodes (LEDs). We found that if the technologies possess the specific attributes of innovativeness, genericness, simplicity, and compatibility, as required by the potential adopters, the level of market potential will be more favorable and technology commercialization (TC) (...)
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  47. B. S. Elger (2009). Factors Influencing Attitudes Towards Medical Confidentiality Among Swiss Physicians. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):517-524.score: 18.0
    Medical confidentiality is a core concept of professionalism and should be an integral part of pregraduate and postgraduate medical education. The aim of our study was to define the factors influencing attitudes towards patient confidentiality in everyday situations in order to define the need for offering further education to various subgroups of physicians. All internists and general practitioners who were registered members of the association of physicians in Geneva or who were working in the department of internal medicine or (...)
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  48. Hanne Hollnagel (2000). From Risk Factors to Health Resources in Medical Practice. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 3 (3):255-262.score: 18.0
    The healing and preventive powers of people's health resources and self-assessed knowledge have so far been grossly underestimated in medicine. In this article, we call attention to ethical and epistemological dilemmas related to knowledge, values, communication, and autonomy embedded in the prevailing risk-oriented epidemiology, and suggest a patient-centred salutogenetic approach to promote a better balance between resources and risks in medicine. Identification and intervention upon risk factors can provide hypotheses about origins of disease and predict and sometimes prevent disease (...)
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  49. Kai Kaspar & Peter König (2012). Emotions and Personality Traits as High-Level Factors in Visual Attention: A Review. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    The visual sense has outstanding significance for human perception and behavior, and visual attention plays a central role in the processing of the sensory input. Thereby, multiple low- and high-level factors contribute to the guidance of attention. The present review focuses on two neglected high-level factors: emotion and personality. The review starts with an overview of different models of attention, providing a conceptual framework and illustrating the nature of low- and high-level factors in visual attention. Then, the (...)
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  50. Rajeev Krishnadas, Jongrae Kim, John McLean, David G. Batty, Jennifer McLean, Keith Millar, Chris Packard & Jonathan Cavanagh (2013). The Envirome and the Connectome: Exploring the Structural Noise in the Human Brain Associated with Socioeconomic Deprivation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    Complex cognitive functions are widely recognized to be the result of a number of brain regions working together as large-scale networks. Recently, complex network analysis has been used to characterize various structural properties of the large scale network organization of the brain. For example, the human brain has been found to have a modular architecture i.e. regions within the network form communities (modules) with more connections between regions within the community compared to regions outside it. The aim of this study (...)
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