Search results for 'Sonja Schierbaum' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Sonja Schierbaum (2011). Knowing Lions and Understanding Lion: Two Jobs for Concepts in Ockham? Vivarium 48 (3-4):327-348.score: 240.0
    Externalist readings of Ockham are currently most prominent in the literature. For instance, an externalist interpretation with respect both to mental content and the meaning of expressions is advocated by prominent scholars. In this paper, I want to argue that although this externalist picture is certainly not incorrect, it is nonetheless incomplete. As I show, Ockham distinguishes between two ways of acquiring concepts: one of them can be accounted for in wholly externalist terms while the other involves the understanding of (...)
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  2. Sonja Schierbaum (2013). Questioning … Claude Panaccio. Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 16 (1):266-281.score: 240.0
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  3. [deleted]Obermeier Christian & Kotz Sonja (2013). Scrutinizing Subjective Rhythmization: A Combined ERP/Oscillatory Approach. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 30.0
  4. [deleted]Kotz Sonja (2011). Involvement of Subcortical Structures in Auditory Forward Predictions and Attentional Processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 30.0
  5. [deleted]Kotz Sonja (2011). Incongruent Audiovisual Emotional Information Elicits an Enhanced N200. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 30.0
  6. [deleted]Kotz Sonja (2011). Top-Down Predictability Cues Drive Cross-Modal Anticipatory Effects on Mismatch Negativity Latency. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 30.0
  7. [deleted]Kotz Sonja (2011). Automaticity of Tuning to Distributional Properties in Language. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 30.0
  8. [deleted]Kotz Sonja (2011). Left Inferior Frontal Lesions Impair Syntactic Predictions at the Sensory Level. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 30.0
  9. Karl Schuhmann (2001). Sonja Rinofner-Kreidl, Edmund Husserl. Zeitlichkeit Und Intentionalität. Husserl Studies 17 (3):239-242.score: 15.0
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  10. Lorenzo Magnani (1999). Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert and Sonja Smets. Foundations of Science 4:507-509.score: 15.0
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  11. Gerard Magill (2007). Reading the Bible in the Strange World of Medicine. By Allen Verhay; Theological Bioethics: Participation, Justice, Change. By Lisa Sowle Cahill; Jesuit Health Sciences & the Promotion of Justice: An Invitation to a Discussion. By Jos. V. M. Welie & Judith Lee Kissell Eds. And AIDS: Meeting the chAllenge: Data, Facts, Background. By Sonja Weinreich and Christopher Benn. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 48 (1):146–148.score: 15.0
  12. Adriaan Peperzak (2007). Salomon Malka, Emmanuel Levinas: His Life and Legacy, Translated by Michael Kigel and Sonja M. Embree. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 40 (3):349-352.score: 15.0
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  13. E. Weizman (2001). Review of “Tapping and Mapping the Processes of Translation and Interpreting” by Sonja Tirkkonen-Condit and Riitta Jääskeläinen (Eds). [REVIEW] Pragmatics and Cognition 9 (2):355-360.score: 15.0
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  14. Rinat M. Nugayev (1999). Methods in Cognition, and Space-Time Perception and Formalization. In Practice, He Engages in Educational Activities at Brussels Free University and is a Co-Editor of the International Kluwer Journal 'Foundations of Science'. Sonja Smets Was Born in 1971 in Genk, Belgium and Obtained. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 4:227-229.score: 15.0
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  15. Göttingen Susanne Ude-Koeller (2007). Sonja Rothärmel, Ines Dippold, Katja Wiethoff, Gabriele Wolfslast, Jörg Fegert (2006) Patientenaufklärung, Informationsbedürfnis und Informationspraxis in der Kinder-und Jugendpsychiatrie. Eine interdisziplinäre Untersuchung zu Partizipationsrechten minderjähriger Patienten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kinder-und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie. Ethik in der Medizin 19 (1):76-79.score: 15.0
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  16. László Kovács (2012). Annette Riedel, Sonja Lehmeyer, Astrid Elsbernd (2011) Einführung von ethischen Fallbesprechungen–ein Konzept für die Pflegepraxis. Ethisch begründetes Handeln praktizieren. Ethik in der Medizin 24 (3):257-258.score: 15.0
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  17. Joseph Margolis (1993). Reply to Sonja Kreidl-Rinofner. Grazer Philosophische Studien 45:163-186.score: 15.0
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  18. Aetzel Griffioen & Sjoerd van Tuinen (2011). Sonja lavaert, het perspectief Van de multitude. Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 103 (4):301.score: 15.0
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  19. Dr László Kovács (2012). Annette Riedel, Sonja Lehmeyer, Astrid Elsbernd (2011) Einführung von ethischen Fallbesprechungen – ein Konzept für die Pflegepraxis. Ethisch begründetes Handeln praktizieren. Ethik in der Medizin 24 (3):257-258.score: 15.0
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  20. E. Weizman (2001). Sonja Tirkkonen-Condit and Riitta Jaaskelainen (Eds): Tapping and Mapping the Processes of Translation and Interpreting. Pragmatics and Cognition 9 (2):355-359.score: 15.0
     
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  21. Hwang Yi (2005). Ando Ege Ponaenda: Tʻoegye Ka Sonja Ege Ponaen Pʻyŏnji. Tŭllyŏk.score: 15.0
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  22. Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Sonja Smets (1998). Inconsistencies in Constituent Theories of World Views: Quantum Mechanical Examples. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 3 (2):313-340.score: 3.0
    We put forward the hypothesis that there exist three basic attitudes towards inconsistencies within world views: (1) The inconsistency is tolerated temporarily and is viewed as an expression of a temporary lack of knowledge due to an incomplete or wrong theory. The resolution of the inconsistency is believed to be inherent to the improvement of the theory. This improvement ultimately resolves the contradiction and therefore we call this attitude the ‘regularising’ attitude; (2) The inconsistency is tolerated and both contradicting elements (...)
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  23. Sonja Rinofner-Kreidl (2005). The Limits of Representationalism: A Phenomenological Critique of Thomas Metzinger's Self-Model Theory. Synthesis Philosophica 2 (40):355-371.score: 3.0
    Thomas Metzinger’s self-model theory offers a frame¬work for naturalizing subjective experiences, e.g. first-person perspective. These phenomena are explained by referring to representational contents which are said to be interrelated at diverse levels of consciousness and correlated with brain activities. The paper begins with a consideration on naturalism and anti-naturalism in order to roughly sketch the background of Metzinger’s claim that his theory renders philosophical speculations on the mind unnecessary . In particular, Husserl’s phenomenological conception of consciousness is refuted as uncritical (...)
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  24. Alexandru Baltag & Sonja Smets, The Logic of Quantum Programs.score: 3.0
    We present a logical calculus for reasoning about information flow in quantum programs. In particular we introduce a dynamic logic that is capable of dealing with quantum measurements, unitary evolutions and entanglements in compound quantum systems. We give a syntax and a relational semantics in which we abstract away from phases and probabilities. We present a sound proof system for this logic, and we show how to characterize by logical means various forms of entanglement (e.g. the Bell states) and various (...)
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  25. Alexandru Baltag, Sonja Smets & Jonathan Alexander Zvesper (2009). Keep 'Hoping' for Rationality: A Solution to the Backward Induction Paradox. Synthese 169 (2):301 - 333.score: 3.0
    We formalise a notion of dynamic rationality in terms of a logic of conditional beliefs on (doxastic) plausibility models. Similarly to other epistemic statements (e.g. negations of Moore sentences and of Muddy Children announcements), dynamic rationality changes its meaning after every act of learning, and it may become true after players learn it is false. Applying this to extensive games, we “simulate” the play of a game as a succession of dynamic updates of the original plausibility model: the epistemic situation (...)
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  26. Alexandru Baltag & Sonja Smets (2008). Probabilistic Dynamic Belief Revision. Synthese 165 (2):179 - 202.score: 3.0
    We investigate the discrete (finite) case of the Popper–Renyi theory of conditional probability, introducing discrete conditional probabilistic models for knowledge and conditional belief, and comparing them with the more standard plausibility models. We also consider a related notion, that of safe belief, which is a weak (non-negatively introspective) type of “knowledge”. We develop a probabilistic version of this concept (“degree of safety”) and we analyze its role in games. We completely axiomatize the logic of conditional belief, knowledge and safe belief (...)
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  27. Sonja Grabner-Kraeuter (2002). The Role of Consumers' Trust in Online-Shopping. Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):43 - 50.score: 3.0
    Many consumers are sceptical or suspicious about the functional mechanisms of electronic commerce, its intransparent processes and effects, and the quality of many products that are offered online. This paper analyses the role of consumer trust as a foundation for the diffusion and acceptance of electronic commerce. Starting from a functional perspective trust is seen as distinct but potentially coexisting mechanism for reducing the uncertainty and complexity of transactions and relationships in electronic markets. The analysis focuses on conditions of e-commerce (...)
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  28. Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Sonja Smets (1999). The Liar-Paradox in a Quantum Mechanical Perspective. Foundations of Science 4 (2):115-132.score: 3.0
    In this paper we concentrate on the nature of the liar paradox asa cognitive entity; a consistently testable configuration of properties. We elaborate further on a quantum mechanical model (Aerts, Broekaert and Smets, 1999) that has been proposed to analyze the dynamics involved, and we focus on the interpretation and concomitant philosophical picture. Some conclusions we draw from our model favor an effective realistic interpretation of cognitive reality.
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  29. Sonja Smets (2006). From Intuitionistic Logic to Dynamic Operational Quantum Logic. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 91 (1):257-275.score: 3.0
    Research within the operational approach to the logical foundations of physics has recently pointed out a new perspective in which quantum logic can be viewed as an intuitionistic logic with an additional operator to capture its essential, i.e., non-distributive, properties. In this paper we will offer an introduction to this approach. We will focus further on why quantum logic has an inherent dynamic nature which is captured in the meaning of "orthomodularity" and on how it motivates physically the introduction of (...)
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  30. Alexandru Baltag & Sonja Smets (2012). The Dynamic Turn in Quantum Logic. Synthese 186 (3):753 - 773.score: 3.0
    In this paper we show how ideas coming from two areas of research in logic can reinforce each other. The first such line of inquiry concerns the "dynamic turn" in logic and especially the formalisms inspired by Propositional Dynamic Logic (PDL); while the second line concerns research into the logical foundations of Quantum Physics, and in particular the area known as Operational Quantum Logic, as developed by Jauch and Piron (Helve Phys Acta 42: 842-848, 1969), Pirón (Foundations of Quantum Physics, (...)
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  31. Diederik Aerts, Sonja Smets & Jean P. Van Bendegem (2010). The Contributions of Logic to the Foundations of Physics: Foreword. [REVIEW] Studia Logica 95 (1-2):1-3.score: 3.0
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  32. Sonja J. Ellis (2002). Moral Reasoning and Homosexuality: The Acceptability of Arguments About Lesbian and Gay Issues. Journal of Moral Education 31 (4):455-467.score: 3.0
    In the political arena, lesbian and gay issues have been contested typically on grounds of human rights, but with variable success. Using a moral developmental framework, the purpose of this study was to explore preferences for different types of moral arguments when thinking about moral dilemmas around lesbian and gay issues. The analysis presented here comprised data collected from 545 students at UK universities who completed a questionnaire, part of which comprised a moral dilemma task. Findings of the study showed (...)
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  33. Sonja Boon (2013). Vulnerability, Longing, and Stigma in Hélène Cixous's: The Day I Wasn't There. Substance 42 (3):85-104.score: 3.0
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  34. Alexandru Baltag & Sonja Smets, A Semantic-Modal View on Ramsey's Test.score: 3.0
    We present a semantic analysis of the Ramsey test, pointing out its deep underlying flaw: the tension between the “static” nature of AGM revision (which was originally tailored for revision of only purely ontic beliefs, and can be applied to higher-order beliefs only if given a “backwards-looking” interpretation) and the fact that, semantically speaking, any Ramsey conditional must be a modal operator (more precisely, a dynamic-epistemic one). Thus, a belief about a Ramsey conditional is in fact a higher-order belief, hence (...)
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  35. Sonja Grover (2003). On the Limits of Parental Proxy Consent: Children's Right to Non-Participation in Non-Therapeutic Research. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (4):349-383.score: 3.0
    This paper considers what are the appropriate limits of parental or guardian proxy consent for a child's participation in medical or social science research. Such proxy consent, it is proposed, is invalid in regards “non-therapeutic research.” The latter research may add to scientific knowledge and/or benefit others, but any benefit to the child research participant is but a coincidental theoretical possibility and not a primary objective. Research involving children, without intended and acceptable prospect of beneficial outcome to the individual participant, (...)
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  36. Sonja Brentjes (2004). Oversimplifying the Islamic Scientific Tradition. Metascience 13 (1):83-86.score: 3.0
  37. Alexandru Baltag & Sonja Smets (2011). Keep Changing Your Beliefs, Aiming for the Truth. Erkenntnis 75 (2):255-270.score: 3.0
    We investigate the process of truth-seeking by iterated belief revision with higher-level doxastic information . We elaborate further on the main results in Baltag and Smets (Proceedings of TARK, 2009a , Proceedings of WOLLIC’09 LNAI 5514, 2009b ), applying them to the issue of convergence to truth . We study the conditions under which the belief revision induced by a series of truthful iterated upgrades eventually stabilizes on true beliefs. We give two different conditions ensuring that beliefs converge to “full” (...)
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  38. Sonja J. Ellis * (2004). Rights‐Based Reasoning in Discussions About Lesbian and Gay Issues: Implications for Moral Educators. Journal of Moral Education 33 (1):71-86.score: 3.0
    Despite a paucity of psychological research exploring the interface between lesbian and gay issues and human rights, a human rights framework has been widely adopted in debates to gain equality for lesbians and gay men. Given this prominence within political discourse of human rights as a framework for the promotion of positive social change for lesbians and gay men, the aim of this study was to explore the extent to which rights?based arguments are employed when talking about lesbian and gay (...)
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  39. Sonja Brentjes, Benno Van Dalen & François Charette (2002). Introduction. Early Science and Medicine 7 (3):173-178.score: 3.0
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  40. Erik Myin & Sonja Smets (2002). Could Dancing Be Coupled Oscillation? – The Interactive Approach to Linguistic Communication and Dynamical Systems Theory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):634-635.score: 3.0
    Although we applaud the interactivist approach to language and communication taken in the target article, we notice that Shanker & King (S&K) give little attention to the theoretical frameworks developed by dynamical system theorists. We point out how the dynamical idea of causality, viewed as multidirectional across multiple scales of organization, could further strengthen the position taken in the target article.
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  41. Sonja Rinofner-Kreidl (2013). Mental Contents, Transparency, Realism: News From the Phenomenological Camp. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 29 (1):33-50.score: 3.0
  42. Alexandru Baltag, Bryan Renne & Sonja Smets (2014). The Logic of Justified Belief, Explicit Knowledge, and Conclusive Evidence. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (1):49-81.score: 3.0
    We present a complete, decidable logic for reasoning about a notion of completely trustworthy evidence and its relations to justifiable belief and knowledge, as well as to their explicit justifications. This logic makes use of a number of evidence-related notions such as availability, admissibility, and “goodness” of a piece of evidence, and is based on an innovative modification of the Fitting semantics for Artemovʼs Justification Logic designed to preempt Gettier-type counterexamples. We combine this with ideas from belief revision and awareness (...)
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  43. Sonja Rinofner-Kreidl (2004). Representationalism and Beyond: A Phenomenological Critique of Thomas Metzinger's Self-Model Theory. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (10-11):88-108.score: 3.0
    Thomas Metzinger's self-model theory offers a framework for naturalizing subjective experiences, e.g. first-person perspective. These phenomena are explained by referring to representational contents which are said to be interrelated at diverse levels of consciousness and correlated with brain activities. The paper begins with a consideration on naturalism and anti-naturalism in order to roughly sketch the background of Metzinger's claim that his theory renders philosophical speculations on the mind unnecessary. In particular, Husserl's phenomenological conception of consciousness is refuted as uncritical and (...)
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  44. Sonja Weiss (2007). The Motif of Self-Contemplation in Water or in a Mirror in the Enneads and Related Creation Myths. Chôra 5:79-96.score: 3.0
    L'article compare le motif de la contemplation de sa propre image dans une surface réfléchissante chez Plotin avec des motifs semblables que l'on trouvenon seulement dans les récits mythologiques, mais aussi dans les doctrines cosmologiques des systèmes philosophiques, gnostiques surtout, qui sont à la fois proches de Plotin et concurrent, à l'égard de la philosophie plotinienne. En même temps, en analysant deux métaphores mythologiques, dont une se sert du motif de la réflexion dans le miroir (le mythe orphique du démembrement (...)
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  45. Tom A. de Graaf, Sonja Cornelsen, Christianne Jacobs & Alexander T. Sack (2011). TMS Effects on Subjective and Objective Measures of Vision: Stimulation Intensity and Pre- Versus Post-Stimulus Masking. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1244-1255.score: 3.0
    Transcranial magnetic stimulation can be used to mask visual stimuli, disrupting visual task performance or preventing visual awareness. While TMS masking studies generally fix stimulation intensity, we hypothesized that varying the intensity of TMS pulses in a masking paradigm might inform several ongoing debates concerning TMS disruption of vision as measured subjectively versus objectively, and pre-stimulus versus post-stimulus TMS masking. We here show that both pre-stimulus TMS pulses and post-stimulus TMS pulses could strongly mask visual stimuli. We found no dissociations (...)
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  46. Sonja Grabner-Kräuter (2009). Web 2.0 Social Networks: The Role of Trust. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (4):505 - 522.score: 3.0
    Online social networks (OSNs) have gained enormous popularity in recent years. Hundreds of millions of social network users reveal great amounts of personal information in the Web 2.0 environment that is largely devoid of security standards and practices. The central question in this article is why so many social network users are being so trusting. The focus is on theory-building on trust as a critical issue in OSNs. A theoretical framework is developed, which facilitates a multi-level and multi-dimensional analysis of (...)
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  47. Sonja Grover (2003). Social Research in the Advancement of Children's Rights. Journal of Academic Ethics 1 (1):119-130.score: 3.0
    This article argues that investigators doing developmental and social research with children have, for the most part, failed to acknowledge the inherent implications of their work for children's rights. The impact of these studies upon children's rights occurs at every stage; from hypothesis formulation to hypothesis testing to dissemination of findings. This paper addresses the issue in the context of developmental research on children's ability to report experienced events accurately. This particular research area has generated data that has been extrapolated (...)
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  48. Klaus Puhl & Sonja Rinofner-Kreidl (1998). Is Every Mentalism a Kind of Psychologism? Grazer Philosophische Studien 55:213-237.score: 3.0
    First, we argue that Dummett, in his accusing Husserl of psychologism, does not pay sufficient attention to the phenomenological framework of Husserl's philosophy. This framework must be taken into account for understanding why Husserl is not a psychologist in the theory of meaning. Second, it is shown that the thoughts required by Evans' theory of understanding indexical utterances are not to be identified with mental events as understood by psychologism. We then emphasize what Husserl's and Evans' explanation of the mind (...)
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  49. Alexandru Baltag & Sonja Smets (2011). Quantum Logic as a Dynamic Logic. Synthese 179 (2):285 - 306.score: 3.0
    We address the old question whether a logical understanding of Quantum Mechanics requires abandoning some of the principles of classical logic. Against Putnam and others (Among whom we may count or not E. W. Beth, depending on how we interpret some of his statements), our answer is a clear "no". Philosophically, our argument is based on combining a formal semantic approach, in the spirit of E. W. Beth's proposal of applying Tarski's semantical methods to the analysis of physical theories, with (...)
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  50. Sonja Smets (2003). In Defense of Operational Quantum Logic. Logic and Logical Philosophy 11:191-212.score: 3.0
    In the literature the work of C. Piron on OQL, “the operational quantum logic of the Geneva School”, has a few times been criticised. Those criticisms were often due to misunderstandings, as has already been pointed out in [19]. In this paper we follow the line of defense in favour of OQL by replying to the criticisms formulated some time ago in [4] and [17]. In order for the reader to follow our argumentation, we briefly analyze the basic conceptual machinery (...)
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