Search results for 'Space and time' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Laurent Nottale (2010). Scale Relativity and Fractal Space-Time: Theory and Applications. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 15 (2):101-152.score: 180.0
    In the first part of this contribution, we review the development of the theory of scale relativity and its geometric framework constructed in terms of a fractal and nondifferentiable continuous space-time. This theory leads (i) to a generalization of possible physically relevant fractal laws, written as partial differential equation acting in the space of scales, and (ii) to a new geometric foundation of quantum mechanics and gauge field theories and their possible generalisations. In the second part, we (...)
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  2. Vassilios Livanios (2007). Tropes, Particularity, and Space-Time. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 38 (2):357 - 368.score: 180.0
    Several difficulties, concerning the individuation and the variation of tropes, beset the initial classic version of trope theory. K. Campbell (Abstract particulars, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1990) presented a modified version that aims to avoid those difficulties. Unfortunately, the revised theory cannot make the case that one of the fundamental tropes, space-time, is a genuine particular.
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  3. George Horton, Chris Dewdney & Ulrike Ne'eman (2002). De Broglie's Pilot-Wave Theory for the Klein–Gordon Equation and Its Space-Time Pathologies. Foundations of Physics 32 (3):463-476.score: 180.0
    We illustrate, using a simple model, that in the usual formulation the time-component of the Klein–Gordon current is not generally positive definite even if one restricts allowed solutions to those with positive frequencies. Since in de Broglie's theory of particle trajectories the particle follows the current this leads to difficulties of interpretation, with the appearance of trajectories which are closed loops in space-time and velocities not limited from above. We show that at least this pathology can be (...)
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  4. Joseph Levy (2004). Experimental and Real Coordinates in Space-Time Transformations. Foundations of Physics 34 (12):1905-1922.score: 180.0
    The experimental (apparent) space-time transformations connect coordinates altered by length contraction and clock retardation. When clocks are synchronized by means of light signals (Einstein–Poincaré procedure) or by slow clock transport, the experimental space-time. transformations assume the mathematical form of the “Extended space-time transformations”.(4) These reduce to the Lorentz–Poincaré transformations when one of the frames they connect is the fundamental inertial frame. If the synchronization procedure were perfect, the experimental space-time transformations would assume (...)
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  5. Nick E. Mavromatos (2010). Decoherence and CPT Violation in a Stringy Model of Space-Time Foam. Foundations of Physics 40 (7):917-960.score: 180.0
    I discuss a model inspired from the string/brane framework, in which our Universe is represented (after perhaps appropriate compactification) as a three brane, propagating in a bulk space time punctured by D0-brane (D-particle) defects. As the D3-brane world moves in the bulk, the D-particles cross it, and from an effective observer on D3 the situation looks like a “space-time foam” with the defects “flashing” on and off (“D-particle foam”). The open strings, with their ends attached on (...)
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  6. Alexander Gersten (2005). Experiment to Test Whether We Live in a Four-Dimensional Physical SpaceTime. Foundations of Physics 35 (8):1445-1452.score: 180.0
    For quantum systems, whose energy ratios En/E0 are integers, and |E0| is the smallest energy, the time dependent wavefunctions and expectation values of time independent operators have time periodicitiy with a time period T equal to T = h/|E0|, where h is the Planck constant. This periodicity is imposed on the wavefunctions due to undersampling in energy, but following a similarity with aliasing in signal analysis, it may allow to probe future and past events under the (...)
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  7. Sho Tanaka (2009). Kinematical Reduction of Spatial Degrees of Freedom and Holographic Relation in Yang's Quantized Space-Time Algebra. Foundations of Physics 39 (5):510-518.score: 180.0
    We try to find a possible origin of the holographic principle in the Lorentz-covariant Yang’s quantized space-time algebra (YSTA). YSTA, which is intrinsically equipped with short- and long-scale parameters, λ and R, gives a finite number of spatial degrees of freedom for any bounded spatial region, providing a basis for divergence-free quantum field theory. Furthermore, it gives a definite kinematical reduction of spatial degrees of freedom, compared with the ordinary lattice space. On account of the latter fact, (...)
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  8. Francisco Zapata & Vladik Kreinovich (2012). Reconstructing an Open Order From Its Closure, with Applications to Space-Time Physics and to Logic. Studia Logica 100 (1-2):419-435.score: 180.0
    In his logical papers, Leo Esakia studied corresponding ordered topological spaces and order-preserving mappings. Similar spaces and mappings appear in many other application areas such the analysis of causality in space-time. It is known that under reasonable conditions, both the topology and the original order relation $${\preccurlyeq}$$ can be uniquely reconstructed if we know the “interior” $${\prec}$$ of the order relation. It is also known that in some cases, we can uniquely reconstruct $${\prec}$$ (and hence, topology) from $${\preccurlyeq}$$. (...)
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  9. Alexey Kryukov (2004). On the Problem of Emergence of Classical SpaceTime: The Quantum-Mechanical Approach. Foundations of Physics 34 (8):1225-1248.score: 180.0
    The Riemannian manifold structure of the classical (i.e., Einsteinian) space-time is derived from the structure of an abstract infinite-dimensional separable Hilbert space S. For this S is first realized as a Hilbert space H of functions of abstract parameters. The space H is associated with the space of states of a macroscopic test-particle in the universe. The spatial localization of state of the particle through its interaction with the environment is associated with the selection (...)
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  10. Gustavo E. Romero (2013). Adversus Singularitates: The Ontology of SpaceTime Singularities. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 18 (2):297-306.score: 180.0
    I argue that there are no physical singularities in spacetime. Singular spacetime models do not belong to the ontology of the world, because of a simple reason: they are concepts, defective solutions of Einstein’s field equations. I discuss the actual implication of the so-called singularity theorems. In remarking the confusion and fog that emerge from the reification of singularities I hope to contribute to a better understanding of the possibilities and limits of the theory of general (...)
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  11. M. D. Pollock (2013). On the Entropy of Schwarzschild Space-Time. Foundations of Physics 43 (5):615-630.score: 180.0
    In a previous paper by Pollock and Singh, it was proven that the total entropy of de Sitter space-time is equal to zero in the spatially flat case K=0. This result derives from the fundamental property of classical thermodynamics that temperature and volume are not necessarily independent variables in curved space-time, and can be shown to hold for all three spatial curvatures K=0,±1. Here, we extend this approach to Schwarzschild space-time, by constructing a non-vacuum (...)
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  12. Robert DiSalle (2006). Understanding Space-Time: The Philosophical Development of Physics From Newton to Einstein. Cambridge University Press.score: 168.0
    Presenting the history of space-time physics, from Newton to Einstein, as a philosophical development DiSalle reflects our increasing understanding of the connections between ideas of space and time and our physical knowledge. He suggests that philosophy's greatest impact on physics has come about, less by the influence of philosophical hypotheses, than by the philosophical analysis of concepts of space, time, and motion and the roles they play in our assumptions about physical objects and physical (...)
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  13. Yuri Balashov (2000). Persistence and Space-Time. The Monist 83 (3):321-340.score: 168.0
    Although considerations based on contemporary space-time theories, such as special and general relativity, seem highly relevant to the debate about persistence, their significance has not been duly appreciated. My goal in this paper is twofold: (1) to reformulate the rival positions in the debate (i.e., endurantism [three-dimensionalism] and perdurantism [four-dimensionalism, the doctrine of temporal parts]) in the framework of special relativistic space-time; and (2) to argue that, when so reformulated, perdurantism exhibits explanatory advantages over endurantism. The (...)
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  14. Carmelo M. Vicario, Mark J. Yates & Michael E. R. Nicholls (2013). Shared Deficits in Space, Time, and Quantity Processing in Childhood Genetic Disorders. Frontiers in Psychology 4:43-1.score: 168.0
    Shared deficits in space, time, and quantity processing in childhood genetic disorders.
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  15. Erwin Schrödinger (1950). Space-Time Structure. Cambridge [Eng.]University Press.score: 168.0
    INTRODUCTION In Einstein's theory of gravitation matter and its dynamical interaction are based on the notion of an intrinsic geometric structure of the space -time continuum. The ideal aspiration, the ultimate aim, of the theory is not more and ...
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  16. Frank Arntzenius (2012). Space, Time, & Stuff. Oxford Univ. Press.score: 168.0
    Frank Arntzenius presents a series of radical new ideas about the structure of space and time. Space, Time, and Stuff is an attempt to show that physics is geometry: that the fundamental structure of the physical world is purely geometrical structure. Along the way, he examines some non-standard views about the structure of spacetime and its inhabitants, including the idea that space and time are pointless, the idea that quantum mechanics is a completely local (...)
     
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  17. Roberto Bottini & Daniel Casasanto (2013). Space and Time in the Child's Mind: Metaphoric or ATOMic? Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 162.0
    Space and time are intimately linked in the human mind, but different theories make different predictions about the nature of this relationship. Metaphor Theory (MT) predicts an asymmetric relationship between space and time. By contrast, A Theory of Magnitude (ATOM) does not predict any cross-dimensional asymmetry, since according to ATOM spatial and temporal extents are represented by a common neural metric for analog magnitude. To date, experiments designed to contrast these theories support MT over ATOM, in (...)
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  18. Edward Kanterian (2013). The Ideality of Space and Time: Trendelenburg Versus Kant, Fischer and Bird. Kantian Review 18 (2):263-288.score: 156.0
    Trendelenburg argued that Kant's arguments in support of transcendental idealism ignored the possibility that space and time are both ideal and real. Recently, Graham Bird has claimed that Trendelenburg (unlike his contemporary Kuno Fischer) misrepresented Kant, confusing two senses of . I defend Trendelenburg's : the ideas of space and time, as a priori and necessary, are ideal, but this does not exclude their validity in the noumenal realm. This undermines transcendental idealism. Bird's attempt to show (...)
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  19. Eftichios Bitsakis (2005). Space and Time: The Ongoing Quest. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 35 (1):57-83.score: 156.0
    In this paper, I try to refute the Kantian a priorism. At the same time, I try to explain the existence of an a priori concerning space and time on the basis of contemporary neuro-physiology. This a priori is the opposite of the a-historical a priori of Kant. Concerning space and time, I argue that relativity concords with the philosophical thesis that space and time are forms of existence of matter. On the basis (...)
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  20. Angela Coventry (2010). Hume's System of Space and Time. Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 13.score: 156.0
    David Hume’s views on topics such as causation, free will, personal identity, scepticism and morals are without doubt all significant contributions to philosophy. However, his account of the origin and nature of our ideas of space and time has never been influential (Rosenberg 1993, 82). In fact, the account of space and time is generally thought to be the least satisfactory part of his empiricist system of philosophy (Kemp Smith, 1941: 287, Noxon 1973, 115 and Flew (...)
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  21. Mario Smukalla Thomas Schäfer, Jörg Fachner (2013). Changes in the Representation of Space and Time While Listening to Music. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 156.0
    Music is known to alter people’s ordinary experience of space and time. Not only does this challenge the concept of invariant space and time tacitly assumed in psychology but it may also help us understand how music works and how music can be understood as an embodied experience. Yet research about these alterations is in its infancy. This review is intended to delineate a future research agenda. We review experimental evidence and subjective reports of the influence (...)
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  22. Sieghard Beller Andrea Bender, Annelie Rothe-Wulf, Lisa Hüther (2012). Moving Forward in Space and Time: How Strong is the Conceptual Link Between Spatial and Temporal Frames of Reference? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 156.0
    People often use spatial vocabulary to describe temporal relations, and this increasingly has motivated attempts to map spatial frames of reference (FoRs) onto time. Recent research suggested that speech communities, which differ in how they conceptualize space, may also differ in how they conceptualize time and, more specifically, that the preferences for spatial FoRs should carry over to the domain of time. Here, we scrutinize this assumption (a) by reviewing data from recent studies on temporal references, (...)
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  23. Andrea Bender, Annelie Rothe-Wulf, Lisa Hüther & Sieghard Beller (2012). Moving Forward in Space and Time: How Strong is the Conceptual Link Between Spatial and Temporal Frames of Reference? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 156.0
    People often use spatial vocabulary to describe temporal relations, and this increasingly has motivated attempts to map spatial frames of reference (FoRs) onto time. Recent research suggested that speech communities, which differ in how they conceptualize space, may also differ in how they conceptualize time and, more specifically, that the preferences for spatial FoRs should carry over to the domain of time. Here, we scrutinize this assumption (a) by reviewing data from recent studies on temporal references, (...)
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  24. Jean Paul van Bendegem (1995). In Defence of Discrete Space and Time. Logique Et Analyse 38 (150-1):127-150.score: 156.0
    In this paper several arguments are discussed and evaluated concerning the possibility of discrete space and time.
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  25. Stuart R. Hameroff & Roger Penrose (1996). Conscious Events as Orchestrated Space-Time Selections. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (1):36-53.score: 150.0
  26. O. Oron & L. P. Horwitz (2003). Eikonal Approximation to 5D Wave Equations and the 4D Space-Time Metric. Foundations of Physics 33 (9):1323-1338.score: 150.0
    We apply a method analogous to the eikonal approximation to the Maxwell wave equations in an inhomogeneous anisotropic medium and geodesic motion in a three dimensional Riemannian manifold, using a method which identifies the symplectic structure of the corresponding mechanics, to the five dimensional generalization of Maxwell theory required by the gauge invariance of Stueckelberg's covariant classical and quantum dynamics. In this way, we demonstrate, in the eikonal approximation, the existence of geodesic motion for the flow of mass in a (...)
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  27. J. Christopher Bill & Leon W. Teft (1969). Space-Time Relations: Effects of Time on Perceived Visual Extent. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):196.score: 150.0
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  28. J. Smythies (2003). Space, Time and Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (3):47-56.score: 150.0
  29. Roger Penrose (1994). Is Conscious Awareness Consistent with Space-Time Descriptions? In Philosophy, Mathematics and Modern Physics. New York: Springer-Verlag.score: 150.0
     
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  30. Melissa McBay Merritt (2010). Kant on the Transcendental Deduction of Space and Time: An Essay on the Philosophical Resources of the Transcendental Aesthetic. Kantian Review 14 (2):1-37.score: 144.0
    I take up Kant's remarks about a "transcendental deduction" of the "concepts of space and time" (A87/B119-120). I argue for the need to make a clearer assessment of the philosophical resources of the Aesthetic in order to account for this transcendental deduction. Special attention needs to be given to the fact that the central task of the Aesthetic is simply the "exposition" of these concepts. The Metaphysical Exposition reflects upon facts about our usage to reveal our commitment to (...)
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  31. Robin Le Poidevin (2003). Travels in Four Dimensions: The Enigmas of Space and Time. Oxford University Press.score: 144.0
    Space and time are the most fundamental features of our experience of the world, and yet they are also the most perplexing. Does time really flow, or is that simply an illusion? Did time have a beginning? What does it mean to say that time has a direction? Does space have boundaries, or is it infinite? Is change really possible? Could space and time exist in the absence of any objects or events? (...)
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  32. José A. Ferrari (1991). On the Homogeneity of Space and Time in Special Relativity. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 22 (1):169-171.score: 144.0
    Summary From the following discussion, we conclude that: (a) the homogeneity of space implies (in special relativity) the homogeneity of time, and vice versa; (b) the assumption of homogeneity of space (or time) implies that the transformation formulae must be linear (see Equations (10) and (17)).
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  33. Emile Borel (1960). Space and Time. New York, Dover Publications.score: 144.0
    We have, however, as the title of the book would suggest, dealt mainly with space and time, introducing mechanical and electromagnetic considerations only when ...
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  34. Emile Borel (1926). Space and Time. London and Glasgow, Blackie & Son Limited.score: 144.0
    Unsurpassed among books on space and time in terms of its insights and clarity, this volume by a world-famous mathematician can be appreciated by lay readers as ...
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  35. Patrick Suppes (1973). Space, Time and Geometry. Boston,Reidel.score: 144.0
    Griinbaum's own article sets forth his views on the ontology of the curvature of empty space, especially in the geometrodynamics of Clifford and Wheeler. ...
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  36. Dasha Krijanskaia (2008). A Non-Aristotelian Model: Time as Space and Landscape in Postmodern Theatre. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 13 (3-4):337-345.score: 144.0
    In his Poetics, Aristotle articulated certain ideas on the structure of drama that dominated both dramatic literature and theatre practices for the centuries to come. In this article I show how the thorough analysis of his statements leads us to believe that he endorses causality, narrativity, and temporal linearity as primary factors in the organization of dramatic and stage texts. Tracing various modifications of causality throughout theatre history, I use the work of the two prominent contemporary directors, Eimuntas Nekrosius and (...)
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  37. Barney Warf (2008). Time-Space Compression: Historical Geographies. Routledge.score: 144.0
    This volume explores the multiple ways in which people experience time-space compression in varying historical and geographical circumstances.
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  38. Richard Swinburne (1968). Space and Time. New York, St. Martin's P..score: 144.0
    THE AUTHOR DISCUSSES SIMULTANEITY, ABSOLUTE SPACE AND TIME, THE NUMBER OF POSSIBLE DIMENSIONS, CAUSALITY, RIVAL SCIENTIFIC THEORIES OF THE SPATIO-TEMPORAL PROPERTIES OF THE UNIVERSE AND THE MEANING OF SPATIO-TEMPORAL TERMS IN ORDINARY AND SCIENTIFIC LANGUAGE. (BP, EDITED).
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  39. Aviva Berkovich-Ohana, Yair Dor-Ziderman, Joseph Glicksohn & Abraham Goldstein (2013). Alterations in the Sense of Time, Space and Body in the Mindfulness-Trained Brain: A Neurophenomenologically-Guided MEG Study. Frontiers in Psychology 4:912.score: 144.0
    Meditation practice can lead to what have been referred to as 'altered states of consciousness'. One of the phenomenological characteristics of these states is a joint alteration in the sense of time, space and body. Here, we set out to study the unique experiences of alteration in the sense of time and space by collaborating with a select group of 12 long-term Mindfulness meditation practitioners in a neurophenomenological setup, utilizing first-person data to guide the neural analyses. (...)
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  40. Asifa Majid, Alice Gaby & Lera Boroditsky (2013). Time in Terms of Space. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 144.0
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  41. Anjan Chatterjee Adam J. Woods, Matthew Lehet (2012). Context Modulates the Contribution of Time and Space in Causal Inference. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 144.0
    Humans use kinematic temporal and spatial information from the environment to infer the causal dynamics (e.g., force) of an event. We hypothesize that the basis for these inferences are malleable and modulated by contextual temporal and spatial information. Specifically, the present research investigates whether the extent of a person's ongoing experience with direct causal events (e.g., temporally contiguous and spatially continuous) alters their use of time and space in judgments of causality. Participants made inferences of causality on animated (...)
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  42. Adam J. Woods, Matthew Lehet & Anjan Chatterjee (2012). Context Modulates the Contribution of Time and Space in Causal Inference. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 144.0
    Humans use kinematic temporal and spatial information from the environment to infer the causal dynamics (e.g., force) of an event. We hypothesize that the basis for these inferences are malleable and modulated by contextual temporal and spatial information. Specifically, the present research investigates whether the extent of a person's ongoing experience with direct causal events (e.g., temporally contiguous and spatially continuous) alters their use of time and space in judgments of causality. Participants made inferences of causality on animated (...)
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  43. Scott Mann (2006). Space, Time and Natural Kinds. Journal of Critical Realism 5 (2):290-322.score: 138.0
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  44. S. Alexander (1920). Space, Time, and Deity. Macmillan.score: 138.0
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  45. Arthur Stanley Eddington (1920/1966). Space, Time, and Gravitation: An Outline of the General Relativity Theory. Cambridge [Eng.]University Press.score: 138.0
    The aim of this book is to give an account of Einstein's work without introducing anything very technical in the way of mathematics, physics, or philosophy.
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  46. Carla Rita Palmerino (2011). The Isomorphism of Space, Time and Matter in Seventeenth-Century Natural Philosophy. Early Science and Medicine 16 (4):296-330.score: 138.0
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  47. Samuel Alexander (1920/1966). Space, Time, and Deity: The Gifford Lectures at Glasgow 1916-1918. Dover Publications.score: 138.0
  48. John Polkinghorne (2006). Space, Time, and Causality. Zygon 41 (4):975-984.score: 138.0
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  49. Samuel Alexander (1966). Space, Time. London, Macmillan.score: 138.0
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