Search results for 'Space of reasons' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Lesbian Productions Of Space (1996). Gay (Ze) Doesn't Reciprocate'the Look', Rather a Lesbian Reading is Imposed Upon Her, More in Hope Than Anticipation. But the Voyeur Can Still Momentarily Imagine the Space as Her Own, Producing a Small Fissure in Hegemonic Hetero-Sexual Space. Lesbian Spaces Are Also Mobilized Through Linguistic Structures of Meaning. [REVIEW] In Nancy Duncan (ed.), Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. Routledge.score: 340.0
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  2. T. H. Ho (2014). Naturalism and the Space of Reasons in Mind and World. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (1):49-62.score: 183.0
    This paper aims to show that many criticisms of McDowell’s naturalism of second nature are based on what I call ‘the orthodox interpretation’ of McDowell’s naturalism. The orthodox interpretation is, however, a misinterpretation, which results from the fact that the phrase ‘the space of reasons’ is used equivocally by McDowell in Mind and World. Failing to distinguish two senses of ‘the space of reasons’, I argue that the orthodox interpretation renders McDowell’s naturalism inconsistent with McDowell’s Hegelian (...)
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  3. David Simpson (2013). Wittgenstein and Stage-Setting: Being Brought Into the Space of Reasons. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45:1-16.score: 131.7
    Wittgenstein constantly invokes teaching, training and learning in his later work. It is therefore interesting to consider what role these notions play for him there. I argue that their use is central to Wittgenstein’s attempt to refute cognitivist assumptions, and to show how normative practices can be understood without the threat of circularity, grounded not in a kind of seeing, but in doing, and the natural reactions of an organism. This can generate a worry that Wittgenstein’s position is quietist and (...)
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  4. Susan L. Hurley (2003). Animal Action in the Space of Reasons. Mind and Language 18 (3):231-256.score: 126.0
    I defend the view that we should not overintellectualize the mind. Nonhuman animals can occupy islands of practical rationality: they can have contextbound reasons for action even though they lack full conceptual abilities. Holism and the possibility of mistake are required for such reasons to be the agent's reasons, but these requirements can be met in the absence of inferential promiscuity. Empirical work with animals is used to illustrate the possibility that reasons for action could be (...)
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  5. Bill Pollard (2005). Naturalizing the Space of Reasons. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (1):69 – 82.score: 123.0
    Given the Sellarsian distinction between the space of causes and the space of reasons, the naturalist seeks to articulate how these two spaces are unproblematically related. In Mind and World (1996) John McDowell suggests that such a naturalism can be achieved by pointing out that we work our way into the space of reasons by the process of upbringing he calls Bildung. 'The resulting habits of thought and action', writes McDowell, 'are second nature' (p. 84). (...)
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  6. Annamaria Carusi (2009). Implicit Trust in the Space of Reasons. Journal of Social Epistemology 23 (1):25-43.score: 123.0
    Pila (2009) has criticised the recommendations made by requirements engineers involved in the design of a grid technology for the support of distributed readings of mammograms made by Jirotka et al. (2005). The disagreement between them turns on the notion of “biographical familiarity” and whether it can be a sound basis for trust for the performances of professionals such as radiologists. In the first two sections, this paper gives an interpretation of the position of each side in this disagreement and (...)
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  7. James R. O'Shea (2011). Normativity and Scientific Naturalism in Sellars' 'Janus-Faced' Space of Reasons. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (3):459-471.score: 123.0
    The thought of Wilfrid Sellars has figured prominently in recent discussions of the relationship between naturalism and normativity . On the one hand, some have appealed to Sellars' philosophy in defence of the thesis that what he called the normative 'space of reasons' is in some sense sui generis and irreducible to the natural causal order described by the natural sciences. On the other hand, others have exploited equally central aspects of Sellars' philosophy in defence of the seemingly (...)
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  8. David Davies (1999). Living in the “Space of Reasons”: The “Rationality Debate” Revisited. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13 (3):231 – 244.score: 123.0
    Two questions are central to the “rationality debate” in the philosophy of social science. First, should we acknowledge differences in basic norms of epistemic and agential rationality, or in the content of perceptual experience, as the “best explanation” of radical differences in belief and practice? Second, can genuine understanding be achieved between cultures and research traditions that so differ in their beliefs and practices? I survey a number of responses to these questions, and suggest that one of these, “dialogical optimism”, (...)
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  9. James R. O'Shea (2011). Introduction: Naturalism, Normativity, and the Space of Reasons. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (3):313-315.score: 123.0
    (2010). Introduction: Naturalism, Normativity, and the Space of Reasons. International Journal of Philosophical Studies: Vol. 18, Naturalism, Normativity, and the Space of Reasons, pp. 313-315. doi: 10.1080/09672559.2010.494434.
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  10. Xiang Huang (2008). Situating Default Position Inside the Space of Reasons. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 53:85-95.score: 123.0
    Epistemology of testimony’s map has been charted by identifying the basic controversy between reductionism and non-reductions. John McDowell’s article “Knowledge by Hearsay” (1993/1998) has been taken as a clear example of non-reductionism. This is, however, only partially right. It is correct that, as a non-reductionist, he defends the justifying role that the default position plays in testimonial knowledge. But, his insistence on situating the default position inside the space of reasons suggests that default position should be understood as (...)
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  11. Adrian Haddock, Extending the Space of Reasons: Comments on Chapter Four of Understanding People.score: 120.0
    Wilfrid Sellars employs the metaphor of the space of reasons to express a certain conception of knowledge: “in characterising an episode or state as that of knowing … one is placing it in the logical space of reasons, of justifying and being able to justify what one says”.1 A growing number of philosophers employ the same metaphor to express a conception of at least some (other) mental states: in characterising a state as that of belief, or (...)
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  12. Ram Neta (2009). Mature Human Knowledge as a Standing in the Space of Reasons. Philosophical Topics 37 (1):115-132.score: 120.0
    This quoted passage makes a negative claim – a claim about what we are not doing when we characterize an episode or state as that of knowing – and it also makes a positive claim – a claim about what we are doing when we characterize an episode or state as that of knowing. Although McDowell has not endorsed the negative claim, he has repeatedly and explicitly endorsed the positive claim, i.e., that “in characterizing an episode or a state as (...)
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  13. Annamaria Carusi (2009). Implicit Trust in the Space of Reasons and Implications for Technology Design: A Response to Justine Pila. Social Epistemology 23 (1):25-43.score: 120.0
    In this issue, Pila (2009) has criticised the recommendations made by requirements engineers involved in the design of a grid technology for the support of distributed readings of mammograms made by Jirotka et al. (2005). The disagreement between them turns on the notion of “biographical familiarity” and whether it can be a sound basis for trust for the performances of professionals such as radiologists. In the first two sections, this paper gives an interpretation of the position of each side in (...)
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  14. Benedict Smith (2010). Particularism and the Space of Moral Reasons. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 116.0
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction -- Moral Philosophy and Experience -- Moral Particularism -- Perception and The Myth of the Moral Given -- Moral Judgement -- Moral Phenomenology -- The Space of Moral Reasons -- Conclusion -- Index.
     
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  15. Kim Sterelny (2003). Charting Control-Space: Comments on Susan Hurley's Animal Action in the Space of Reasons. Mind and Language 18 (3):257-265.score: 115.0
    Hurley is right to reject the dichotomy between intentional agents and mere stimulus/response habit machines, and she is also right in thinking that it is important to map the space of systems for the adaptive control of behaviour. So there is much in this paper with which I agree. My disagreement concerns folk psychology. Hurley thinks that control space can be charted by asking whether and to what extent animals are intentional agents. In contrast, I doubt that the (...)
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  16. Italo Testa (2009). Second Nature and Recognition: Hegel and the Social Space. Critical Horizons 10 (3):341-370.score: 99.0
    In this article I intend to show the strict relation between the notions of “second nature” and “recognition”. To do so I begin with a problem (circularity) proper to the theory of Hegelian and post- Hegelian Anerkennung. The solution strategy I propose is signifi cant also in terms of bringing into focus the problems connected with a notion of “space of reasons” that stems from the Hegelian concept of “Spirit”. I thus broach the notion of “second nature” as (...)
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  17. Marcello Guarini (2013). Moral Case Classification and the Nonlocality of Reasons. Topoi 32 (2):267-289.score: 97.0
    This paper presents the results of training an artificial neural network (ANN) to classify moral situations. The ANN produces a similarity space in the process of solving its classification problem. The state space is subjected to analysis that suggests that holistic approaches to interpreting its functioning are problematic. The idea of a contributory or pro tanto standard, as discussed in debates between moral particularists and generalists, is used to understand the structure of the similarity space generated by (...)
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  18. Richard Heck (2000). Nonconceptual Content and the "Space of Reasons&Quot;. Philosophical Review 109 (4):483-523.score: 96.0
    In Mind and World, John McDowell argues against the view that perceptual representation is non-conceptual. The central worry is that this view cannot offer any reasonable account of how perception bears rationally upon belief. I argue that this worry, though sensible, can be met, if we are clear that perceptual representation is, though non-conceptual, still in some sense 'assertoric': Perception, like belief, represents things as being thus and so.
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  19. J. Campbell (1999). Schizophrenia, the Space of Reasons and Thinking as a Motor Process. The Monist 82 (4):609-625.score: 96.0
  20. Eva Erman (2011). Freedom as Non-Domination or How to Throw the Agent Out of the Space of Reasons. Journal of Power 3 (1).score: 96.0
    This paper analyzes agency in Pettit’s republican conception of freedom. By understanding freedom intersubjectively in terms of agency, Pettit makes an important contribution to the contemporary debate on negative liberty. At the same time, some of the presumptions about agency are problematic. The paper defends the thesis that Pettit is not able to provide the sufficient conditions for freedom as non-domination that he sets out to do. In order to show why this is the case and how we can address (...)
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  21. Hamid Vahid (2008). Experience and the Space of Reasons: The Problem of Non-Doxastic Justification. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 69 (3):295 - 313.score: 93.0
    It is not difficult to make sense of the idea that beliefs may derive their justification from other beliefs. Difficulties surface when, as in certain epistemological theories, one appeals to sensory experiences to give an account of the structure of justification. This gives rise to the so-called problem of ‘nondoxastic justification’, namely, the problem of seeing how sensory experiences can confer justification on the beliefs they give rise to. In this paper, I begin by criticizing a number of theories that (...)
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  22. Wilfrid Sellars (2007). In the Space of Reasons: Selected Essays of Wilfrid Sellars. Harvard University Press.score: 93.0
    Inference and meaning -- Some reflections on language games -- Language as thought and as communication -- Meaning as functional classification : a perspective on the relation of syntax to semantics -- Naming and saying -- Grammar and existence : a preface to ontology -- Abstract entities -- Being and being known -- The lever of Archimedes -- Some reflections on thoughts and things -- Mental events -- Phenomenalism -- The identity approach to the mind-body problem -- Philosophy and the (...)
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  23. Maura Tumulty (2008). Diminished Rationality and the Space of Reasons. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (4):pp. 601-629.score: 93.0
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  24. Peter Godfrey-Smith (2003). Folk Psychology Under Stress: Comments on Susan Hurley's Animal Action in the Space of Reasons. Mind and Language 18 (3):266-272.score: 93.0
    My commentary on Hurley is concerned with foundational issues. Hurley's investigation of animal cognition is cast within a particular framework—basically, a philosophically refined version of folk psychology. Her discussion has a complicated relationship to unresolved debates about the nature and status of folk psychology, especially debates about the extent to which folk psychological categories are aimed at picking out features of the causal organization of the mind.
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  25. Scott F. Aikin (2008). In the Space of Reasons: Selected Essays of Wilfrid Sellars (Review). Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 44 (2):pp. 363-367.score: 93.0
  26. Willem A. deVries (2008). In the Space of Reasons. Review of Metaphysics 61 (4):860-862.score: 93.0
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  27. Svend Brinkmann (2006). Mental Life in the Space of Reasons. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (1):1–16.score: 93.0
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  28. Mark Owen Webb (2007). Meeting Others in the Space of Reasons: Fallibilism for Sellarsians. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 92 (1):217-231.score: 93.0
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  29. Jes Vega Encabo (2006). Appearances and Disjunctions: Empirical Authority in McDowell's Space of Reasons. Teorema 25 (1):63-81.score: 92.0
     
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  30. Greg Restall, Rebecca Kukla & Mark Lance, Appendix to Rebecca Kukla and Mark Lance 'Yo!' And 'Lo!': The Pragmatic Topography of the Space of Reasons.score: 90.0
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  31. Robert Brandom (1995). Review: Knowledge and the Social Articulation of the Space of Reasons. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (4):895--908.score: 90.0
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  32. Susan L. Hurley, The Space of Reasons Vs. The Space of Inference: Reply to Noe.score: 90.0
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  33. Johannes Roessler (2011). Perceptual Attention and the Space of Reasons. In Christopher Mole, Declan Smithies & Wayne Wu (eds.), Attention: Philosophical and Psychological Essays. Oxford University Press. 274.score: 90.0
  34. Patricia Hanna (2009). Review of Rebecca Kukla, Mark Lance, 'Yo!' And 'Lo!': The Pragmatic Topography of the Space of Reasons. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (7).score: 90.0
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  35. Richard G. Heck Jr (2000). Nonconceptual Content and the "Space of Reasons". Philosophical Review 109 (4):483 - 523.score: 90.0
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  36. Peter Dews (2008). Intersubjectivity and the “Space of Reasons”: Fichte in the Post-Analytic Context. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 29 (1):133-159.score: 90.0
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  37. Chris Hanks (2008). Indoctrination and the Space of Reasons. Educational Theory 58 (2):193-212.score: 90.0
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  38. Fultner Barbara (2001). Intersubjectivity in the Space of Reasons. Philosophy and Social Criticism 27 (1).score: 90.0
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  39. Robert B. Brandom (2001). Intersubjectivity in the Space of Reasons. Philosophy and Social Criticism 27 (1):107-114.score: 90.0
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  40. Jennifer Church (2006). Locating the Space of Reasons. Teorema: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 25 (1):85-96.score: 90.0
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  41. Karim Dharamsi (2009). Review of “In the Space of Reasons: Selected Essays of Wilfrid Sellars”. [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 10 (1):11.score: 90.0
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  42. Jesús Vega Encabo (2006). Appearances and Disjunctions: Empirical Authority in McDowell's Space of Reasons. Teorema: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 25 (1):63-81.score: 90.0
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  43. Raffaela Giovagnoli (2005). Intentionality and the" Social" Space of Reasons. Epistemologia 28 (1).score: 90.0
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  44. Heck Jr (2000). Nonconceptua1 Content and the" Space of Reasons," RICHARD G. Philosophical Review 109 (4).score: 90.0
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  45. Christopher W. Tindale (2011). Out of the Space of Reasons: Argumentation, Agents, and Persons. Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (3):383-398.score: 90.0
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  46. Nathaniel Sharadin (2013). Schroeder on the Wrong Kind of Reasons Problem for Attitudes. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 7:1-8.score: 87.0
    Mark Schroeder has recently offered a solution to the problem of distinguishing between the so-called "right" and "wrong" kinds of reasons for attitudes like belief and admiration. Schroeder tries out two different strategies for making his solution work: the alethic strategy and the background-facts strategy. In this paper I argue that neither of Schroeder's two strategies will do the trick. We are still left with the problem of distinguishing the right from the wrong kinds of reasons.
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  47. Sieghard Beller Andrea Bender, Annelie Rothe-Wulf, Lisa Hüther (2012). Moving Forward in Space and Time: How Strong is the Conceptual Link Between Spatial and Temporal Frames of Reference? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 87.0
    People often use spatial vocabulary to describe temporal relations, and this increasingly has motivated attempts to map spatial frames of reference (FoRs) onto time. Recent research suggested that speech communities, which differ in how they conceptualize space, may also differ in how they conceptualize time and, more specifically, that the preferences for spatial FoRs should carry over to the domain of time. Here, we scrutinize this assumption (a) by reviewing data from recent studies on temporal references, (b) by comparing (...)
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  48. Andrea Bender, Annelie Rothe-Wulf, Lisa Hüther & Sieghard Beller (2012). Moving Forward in Space and Time: How Strong is the Conceptual Link Between Spatial and Temporal Frames of Reference? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 87.0
    People often use spatial vocabulary to describe temporal relations, and this increasingly has motivated attempts to map spatial frames of reference (FoRs) onto time. Recent research suggested that speech communities, which differ in how they conceptualize space, may also differ in how they conceptualize time and, more specifically, that the preferences for spatial FoRs should carry over to the domain of time. Here, we scrutinize this assumption (a) by reviewing data from recent studies on temporal references, (b) by comparing (...)
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  49. Andrew Reisner (2009). The Possibility of Pragmatic Reasons for Belief and the Wrong Kind of Reasons Problem. Philosophical Studies 145 (2):257 - 272.score: 84.0
    In this paper I argue against the stronger of the two views concerning the right and wrong kind of reasons for belief, i.e. the view that the only genuine normative reasons for belief are evidential. The project in this paper is primarily negative, but with an ultimately positive aim. That aim is to leave room for the possibility that there are genuine pragmatic reasons for belief. Work is required to make room for this view, because evidentialism of (...)
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  50. Daan Evers (2010). The End-Relational Theory of 'Ought' and the Weight of Reasons. Dialectica 64 (3):405-417.score: 84.0
    Stephen Finlay analyses ‘ought’ in terms of probability. According to him, normative ‘ought's are statements about the likelihood that an act will realize some (contextually supplied) end. I raise a problem for this theory. It concerns the relation between ‘ought’ and the balance of reasons. ‘A ought to Φ’ seems to entail that the balance of reasons favours that A Φ-es, and vice versa. Given Finlay's semantics for ‘ought’, it also makes sense to think of reasons and (...)
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