Search results for 'Spencer Maarten' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  9
    Erich Grädel, Phokion Kolaitis, Libkin G., Marx Leonid, Spencer Maarten, Vardi Joel, Y. Moshe, Yde Venema & Scott Weinstein (2007). Finite Model Theory and its Applications. Springer.
    This book gives a comprehensive overview of central themes of finite model theory – expressive power, descriptive complexity, and zero-one laws – together with selected applications relating to database theory and artificial intelligence, especially constraint databases and constraint satisfaction problems. The final chapter provides a concise modern introduction to modal logic, emphasizing the continuity in spirit and technique with finite model theory. This underlying spirit involves the use of various fragments of and hierarchies within first-order, second-order, fixed-point, and infinitary logics (...)
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  2. Herbert Spencer (1996). Herbert Spencer: Collected Writings. Routledge.
    Herbert Spencer was regarded by the Victorians as the foremost philosopher of the age, the prophet of evolution at a time when the idea had gripped the popular imagination. Until recently Spencer's posthumous reputation rested almost excusively on his social and political thought, which has itself frequently been subject to serious misrepresentation. But historians of ideas now recognise that an acquaintance with Spencer's thought is essential for the proper understanding of many aspects of Victorian intellectual life, and (...)
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  3.  15
    Herbert Spencer (1893). A Letter From Mr. Herbert Spencer. The Monist 3 (2):272-272.
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  4.  6
    Herbert Spencer, First Principles, by Herbert Spencer.
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  5. Thomas Rawson Birks & Herbert Spencer (1876). Modern Physical Fatalism and the Doctrine of Evolution, Including an Examination of ... Herbert Spencer's 'First Principles'.
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  6. E. Edmond & Herbert Spencer (1878). Free Notes on Herbert Spencer's First Principles, with Suggestions Regarding Space, Time, and Force. Also, Theories of Life.
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  7. William Henry Lyttelton & Herbert Spencer (1874). Sins of Trade and Business, a Sermon, by the Hon. W.H. Lyttelton, and the Morals of Trade, by H. Spencer.
     
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  8. Charles Pritchard, Thomas Rawson Birks & Herbert Spencer (1882). Preface to the Second Edition of 'Modern Physical Fatalism' by Thomas Rawson Birks, Being a Reply to the Strictures of H. Spencer [in an Appendix to the 4th Ed. Of First Principles].
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  9. Clarence H. Seyler & Herbert Spencer (1891). Evolutionary Ethics, Critical Study of H. Spencer's 'Data of Ethics', a Paper.
     
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  10. Herbert Spencer & Julia Raymond Gingell (1894). Aphorisms From the Writings of Herbert Spencer, Selected and Arranged by J.R. Gingell.
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  11. Herbert Spencer & F. Howard Collins (1897). Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy of Herbert Spencer. Williams and Northgate.
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  12. Herbert Spencer (1969). Herbert Spencer. London, Collier-Macmillan.
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  13. Herbert Spencer (1966). Herbert Spencer on Education. New York, Teachers College Press, Teachers College, Columbia University.
     
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  14.  5
    Herbert Spencer (1878). Illustrations of Universal Progress a Series of Discussions by Herbert Spencer ; with a Notice of Spencer's "New System of Philosophy". --. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  15. Herbert Spencer (1873). Illustrations of Universal Progress a Series of Discussions. With a Notice of Spencer's New System of Philosophy. D. Appleton.
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  16. Herbert Spencer (1873). John Stuart Mill: His Life and Works, 12 Sketches by H. Spencer [and Others].
     
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  17. Herbert Spencer (1874). Mr. Herbert Spencer and the British Quarterly Review [a Reply to Criticisms. With] Appendices.
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  18. Herbert Spencer (1907). Seven Essays, Selected From the Works of H. Spencer.
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  19. Herbert Spencer (1880). The Works of Herbert Spencer. [Osnabrück, Zeller.
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  20. Herbert Spencer (1904). An Autobiography. Williams and Norgate.
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  21.  65
    Herbert Spencer, The Development Hypothesis (1852).
    This early essay of Spencer's was originally published anonymously in The Leader for March 20 1852. It was the second contribution in a regular series entitled "The Haythorne Papers". Spencer's identity was revealed some while after. It is reproduced in Herbert Spencer, Essays Scientific, Political & Speculative, Williams and Norgate (3 vols 1891) pp.1 7]; and here in full. David Clifford, Ph.D., Cambridge University, prepared the html text in 1997; George P. Landow reformatted it in 2008.
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  22. Herbert Spencer (1881). The Data of Ethics. Williams and Norgate.
    Herbert Spencer , Victorian philosopher, biologist, sociologist and political theorist, one of the founders of Social Darwinism and author of the phrase 'survival of the fittest', was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1902, losing out to Theodor Mommsen. Spencer left his post at The Economist in 1857 to focus on writing his ten-volume System of Synthetic Philosophy, a work that offers an ethics-based guide to human conduct to replace that provided by conventional religious belief. Published (...)
     
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  23. Interpreting Spencer (2000). John W. Offer. In John Offer (ed.), Herbert Spencer: Critical Assessments. Routledge 2--1.
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  24. Joel H. Spencer & Katherine St John (2008). The Complexity of Random Ordered Structures. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 152 (1):174-179.
    We show that for random bit strings, Up, with probability, image, the first order quantifier depth D) needed to distinguish non-isomorphic structures is Θ, with high probability. Further, we show that, with high probability, for random ordered graphs, G≤,p with edge probability image, D)=Θ, contrasting with the results for random graphs, Gp, given by Kim et al. [J.H. Kim, O. Pikhurko, J. Spencer, O. Verbitsky, How complex are random graphs in first order logic? Random Structures and Algorithms 26 119–145] (...)
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  25. Herbert Spencer (2013). The Data of Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    Herbert Spencer, Victorian philosopher, biologist, sociologist and political theorist, one of the founders of Social Darwinism and author of the phrase 'survival of the fittest', was nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1902, losing out to Theodor Mommsen. Spencer left his post at The Economist in 1857 to focus on writing his ten-volume System of Synthetic Philosophy, a work that offers an ethics-based guide to human conduct to replace that provided by conventional religious belief. Published in (...)
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  26. Quayshawn Spencer (2012). What 'Biological Racial Realism' Should Mean. Philosophical Studies 159 (2):181-204.
    A curious ambiguity has arisen in the race debate in recent years. That ambiguity is what is actually meant by ‘biological racial realism’. Some philosophers mean that ‘race is a natural kind in biology’, while others mean that ‘race is a real biological kind’. However, there is no agreement about what a natural kind or a real biological kind should be in the race debate. In this article, I will argue that the best interpretation of ‘biological racial realism’ is one (...)
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  27.  33
    Quayshawn Spencer (2013). Biological Theory and the Metaphysics of Race: A Reply to Kaplan and Winther. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 8 (1):114-120.
    In Kaplan and Winther’s recent article they argue for three bold theses: first, that “it is illegitimate to read any ontology about ‘ race ’ off of biological theory or data”; second, that “using biological theory to ground race is a pernicious reification”; and, third, that “ race is fundamentally a social rather than a biological category.” While Kaplan and Winther’s theses are thoughtful, I show that the arguments that their theses rest on are unconvincing. In order to be constructive, (...)
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  28.  89
    S. Spencer (1992). History and Society in William Temple's Thought. Studies in Christian Ethics 5 (2):61-73.
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  29. Joshua Spencer (2012). Ways of Being. Philosophy Compass 7 (12):910-918.
    Ontological pluralism is the view that there are ways of being. Ontological pluralism is enjoying a revival in contemporary metaphysics. We want to say that there are numbers, fictional characters, impossible things, and holes. But, we don’t think these things all exist in the same sense as cars and human beings. If they exist or have being at all, then they have different ways of being. Fictional characters exist as objects of make‐believe and holes exist as absences in objects. But, (...)
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  30. Andrew Cox & Steve Spencer (2012). Sheffield Then and Now. Environment, Space, Place 4 (1):135-159.
    One significant way in which place is represented is through books based on old photographs and postcards. Recontextualised in such books, historical photos can be used to create mesmeric myths about a locality. This paper explores the genre through four works about areas in Sheffield, a city in the north of England. The book for the well to do suburb, Crosspool, constructs a quaint rural past. Two representations of a working class district are perhaps a little more successful in recovering (...)
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  31. Joshua Spencer (2010). A Tale of Two Simples. Philosophical Studies 148 (2):167 - 181.
    A material simple is a material object that has no proper parts. Some philosophers have argued for the possibility of extended simples. Some have even argued for the possibility of heterogeneous simples or simples that have intrinsic variations across their surfaces. There is a puzzle, though, that is meant to show that extended, heterogeneous simples are impossible. Although several plausible responses have been given to this puzzle, I wish to reopen the case against extended, heterogeneous simples. In this paper, I (...)
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  32.  3
    Herbert Spencer, The Man Versus the State.
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  33.  7
    Herbert Spencer (1945). First Principles. Greenwood Press.
  34.  83
    Joshua Spencer (2013). Strong Composition as Identity and Simplicity. Erkenntnis 78 (5):1177-1184.
    The general composition question asks “what are the necessary and jointly sufficient conditions any xs and any y must satisfy in order for it to be true that those xs compose that y?” Although this question has received little attention, there is an interesting and theoretically fruitful answer. Namely, strong composition as identity (SCAI): necessarily, for any xs and any y, those xs compose y iff those xs are identical to y. SCAI is theoretically fruitful because if it is true, (...)
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  35. Parry Moon & Domina Eberle Spencer (1956). On the Establishment of a Universal Time. Philosophy of Science 23 (3):216-229.
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  36. Parry Moon & Domina Eberle Spencer (1958). Retardation in Cosmology. Philosophy of Science 25 (4):287-292.
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  37.  63
    Joshua Spencer (2013). What Time Travelers Cannot Not Do (but Are Responsible for Anyway). Philosophical Studies 166 (1):149-162.
    The Principle of Alternative Possibilities is the intuitive idea that someone is morally responsible for an action only if she could have done otherwise. Harry Frankfurt has famously presented putative counterexamples to this intuitive principle. In this paper, I formulate a simple version of the Principle of Alternative Possibilities that invokes a course-grained notion of actions. After warming up with a Frankfurt-Style Counterexample to this principle, I introduce a new kind of counterexample based on the possibility of time travel. At (...)
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  38. W. Wylie Spencer (1931). St. Augustine and the Influence of Religion on Philosophy. International Journal of Ethics 41 (4):461-479.
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  39.  89
    Andrew Wake, Joshua Spencer & Gregory Fowler (2007). Holes as Regions of Spacetime. The Monist 90 (3):372-378.
    We discuss the view that a hole is identical to the region of spacetime at which it is located. This view is more parsimonious than the view that holes are sui generus entities located at those regions surrounded by their hosts and it is more plausible than the view that there are no holes. We defend the spacetime view from several objections.
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  40.  35
    Ann E. Mills & Edward M. Spencer (2005). Values Based Decision Making: A Tool for Achieving the Goals of Healthcare. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 17 (1):18-32.
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  41.  67
    Andrew Wake, Joshua Spencer & Gregory Fowler (2007). Holes as Regions of Spacetime. The Monist 90 (3):372-378.
  42.  86
    Quayshawn Spencer (2004). Do Newton's Rules of Reasoning Guarantee Truth ... Must They? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 35 (4):759-782.
    Newton’s Principia introduces four rules of reasoning for natural philosophy. Although useful, there is a concern about whether Newton’s rules guarantee truth. After redirecting the discussion from truth to validity, I show that these rules are valid insofar as they fulfill Goodman’s criteria for inductive rules and Newton’s own methodological program of experimental philosophy; provided that cross-checks are used prior to applications of rule 4 and immediately after applications of rule 2 the following activities are pursued: (1) research addressing observations (...)
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  43. W. Wylie Spencer (1939). Value and Intelligence. Philosophical Review 48 (6):606-620.
  44. Cara Spencer, Is There a Problem of the Essential Indexical?
    Some time ago, John Perry argued that the content of an indexical belief, that is, a belief expressible with a sentence containing an indexical or demonstrative, cannot be a proposition. I consider several of his arguments for this view, and show that they can be extended to show that belief expressible with other non-indexical expressions such as natural kind terms and proper names presents the very same problem for the traditional picture. I then suggest that if indexical belief has any (...)
     
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  45.  14
    Sammy Perone & John P. Spencer (2013). Autonomy in Action: Linking the Act of Looking to Memory Formation in Infancy Via Dynamic Neural Fields. Cognitive Science 37 (1):1-60.
    Looking is a fundamental exploratory behavior by which infants acquire knowledge about the world. In theories of infant habituation, however, looking as an exploratory behavior has been deemphasized relative to the reliable nature with which looking indexes active cognitive processing. We present a new theory that connects looking to the dynamics of memory formation and formally implement this theory in a Dynamic Neural Field model that learns autonomously as it actively looks and looks away from a stimulus. We situate this (...)
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  46. Herbert Spencer (1883). Essays Scientific, Political and Speculative. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  47.  16
    Dónal P. O'Mathúna, Steven Pryjmachuk, Wayne Spencer, Michael Stanwick & Stephen Matthiesen (2002). A Critical Evaluation of the Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Touch. Nursing Philosophy 3 (2):163-176.
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  48.  9
    Robert B. Couch & Joseph M. Spencer (2013). Economy Suspended: The Possibilities of a Badiouian Business Ethics. Business Ethics: A European Review 22 (4):404-416.
    In the philosophy of Alain Badiou, ethics can only arise in relation to an evental truth procedure that breaks from the economic logic of a situation. Further, because for Badiou there cannot be economic truths per se – rather, economic matters must be understood in their relation to one or more truths in the domain of love, art, science or politics – a Badiouian business ethics would look entirely distinct from any ethics that simply places limits on certain kinds of (...)
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  49. J. Spencer (2007). Short Review: Heather Widdows, The Moral Vision of Iris Murdoch (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005). Vii + 182 Pp. 45 (Hb), ISBN 0 7546 3625. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (2):316-317.
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  50.  44
    Ann E. Mills & Edward M. Spencer (2003). Evidence-Based Medecine: Why Clinical Ethicists Should Be Concerned. HEC Forum 15 (3):231-244.
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