Search results for 'Spencer Maarten' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Erich Grädel, Phokion Kolaitis, Libkin G., Marx Leonid, Spencer Maarten, Vardi Joel, Y. Moshe, Yde Venema & Scott Weinstein (2007). Finite Model Theory and its Applications. Springer.score: 240.0
    This book gives a comprehensive overview of central themes of finite model theory – expressive power, descriptive complexity, and zero-one laws – together with selected applications relating to database theory and artificial intelligence, especially constraint databases and constraint satisfaction problems. The final chapter provides a concise modern introduction to modal logic, emphasizing the continuity in spirit and technique with finite model theory. This underlying spirit involves the use of various fragments of and hierarchies within first-order, second-order, fixed-point, and infinitary logics (...)
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  2. Herbert Spencer (1996). Herbert Spencer: Collected Writings. Routledge.score: 210.0
    Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) was regarded by the Victorians as the foremost philosopher of the age, the prophet of evolution at a time when the idea had gripped the popular imagination. Until recently Spencer's posthumous reputation rested almost excusively on his social and political thought, which has itself frequently been subject to serious misrepresentation. But historians of ideas now recognise that an acquaintance with Spencer's thought is essential for the proper understanding of many aspects of Victorian intellectual life, (...)
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  3. Herbert Spencer (1893). A Letter From Mr. Herbert Spencer. The Monist 3 (2):272-272.score: 180.0
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  4. Herbert Spencer, First Principles, by Herbert Spencer.score: 180.0
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  5. Herbert Spencer, Illustrations of Universal Progress : A Series of Discussions by Herbert Spencer ; with a Notice of Spencer's "New System of Philosophy".score: 180.0
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  6. Herbert Spencer (1969). Herbert Spencer. London, Collier-Macmillan.score: 180.0
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  7. Herbert Spencer (1966). Herbert Spencer on Education. New York, Teachers College Press, Teachers College, Columbia University.score: 180.0
     
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  8. Herbert Spencer (1880/1966). The Works of Herbert Spencer. [Osnabrück, Zeller.score: 180.0
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  9. Herbert Spencer, The Development Hypothesis (1852).score: 60.0
    This early essay of Spencer's was originally published anonymously in The Leader for March 20 1852. It was the second contribution in a regular series entitled "The Haythorne Papers". Spencer's identity was revealed some while after. It is reproduced in Herbert Spencer, Essays Scientific, Political & Speculative, Williams and Norgate (3 vols 1891) pp.1 7]; and here in full. David Clifford, Ph.D., Cambridge University, prepared the html text in 1997; George P. Landow reformatted it in 2008.
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  10. Interpreting Spencer (2000). John W. Offer. In John Offer (ed.), Herbert Spencer: Critical Assessments. Routledge. 2--1.score: 60.0
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  11. Cara Spencer, Is There a Problem of the Essential Indexical?score: 30.0
    Some time ago, John Perry argued that the content of an indexical belief, that is, a belief expressible with a sentence containing an indexical or demonstrative, cannot be a proposition. I consider several of his arguments for this view, and show that they can be extended to show that belief expressible with other non-indexical expressions such as natural kind terms and proper names presents the very same problem for the traditional picture. I then suggest that if indexical belief has any (...)
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  12. Quayshawn Spencer (2012). What 'Biological Racial Realism' Should Mean. Philosophical Studies 159 (2):181-204.score: 30.0
    A curious ambiguity has arisen in the race debate in recent years. That ambiguity is what is actually meant by ‘biological racial realism’. Some philosophers mean that ‘race is a natural kind in biology’, while others mean that ‘race is a real biological kind’. However, there is no agreement about what a natural kind or a real biological kind should be in the race debate. In this article, I will argue that the best interpretation of ‘biological racial realism’ is one (...)
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  13. Joshua Spencer (2010). A Tale of Two Simples. Philosophical Studies 148 (2):167 - 181.score: 30.0
    A material simple is a material object that has no proper parts. Some philosophers have argued for the possibility of extended simples. Some have even argued for the possibility of heterogeneous simples or simples that have intrinsic variations across their surfaces. There is a puzzle, though, that is meant to show that extended, heterogeneous simples are impossible. Although several plausible responses have been given to this puzzle, I wish to reopen the case against extended, heterogeneous simples. In this paper, I (...)
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  14. Quayshawn Spencer (2004). Do Newton's Rules of Reasoning Guarantee Truth ... Must They? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 35 (4):759-782.score: 30.0
    Newton’s Principia introduces four rules of reasoning for natural philosophy. Although useful, there is a concern about whether Newton’s rules guarantee truth. After redirecting the discussion from truth to validity, I show that these rules are valid insofar as they fulfill Goodman’s criteria for inductive rules and Newton’s own methodological program of experimental philosophy; provided that cross-checks are used prior to applications of rule 4 and immediately after applications of rule 2 the following activities are pursued: (1) research addressing observations (...)
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  15. Joshua Spencer (2012). Ways of Being. Philosophy Compass 7 (12):910-918.score: 30.0
  16. Andrew Wake, Joshua Spencer & Gregory Fowler (2007). Holes as Regions of Spacetime. The Monist 90 (3):372-378.score: 30.0
    We discuss the view that a hole is identical to the region of spacetime at which it is located. This view is more parsimonious than the view that holes are sui generus entities located at those regions surrounded by their hosts and it is more plausible than the view that there are no holes. We defend the spacetime view from several objections.
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  17. Joshua Spencer (2013). Strong Composition as Identity and Simplicity. Erkenntnis 78 (5):1177-1184.score: 30.0
    The general composition question asks “what are the necessary and jointly sufficient conditions any xs and any y must satisfy in order for it to be true that those xs compose that y?” Although this question has received little attention, there is an interesting and theoretically fruitful answer. Namely, strong composition as identity (SCAI): necessarily, for any xs and any y, those xs compose y iff those xs are identical to y. SCAI is theoretically fruitful because if it is true, (...)
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  18. Gregory Fowler & Joshua Spencer, Sorensen's Disappearing Act: A Response.score: 30.0
    Roy Sorensen has discussed a scenario he calls 'the Disappearing Act', introduced a puzzle based on this scenario, and offered a solution to this puzzle. We argue against Sorensen's solution and offer our own.
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  19. Cara Spencer (2006). Do Conversational Implicatures Explain Substitutivity Failures? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (1):126–139.score: 30.0
    The Russellian approach to the semantics of attitude ascriptions faces a problem in explaining the robust speaker intuitions that it does not predict. A familiar response to the problem is to claim that utterances of attitude ascriptions may differ in their Gricean conversational implicatures. I argue that the appeal to Grice is ad hoc. First, we find that speakers do not typically judge an utterance false merely because it implicates something false. The apparent cancellability of the putative implicatures is irrelevant, (...)
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  20. Cara Spencer, Shared Indexical Belief.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I take issue with the familiar view that the problem of the essential indexical is a merely technical problem, which can be solved through a straightforward revision of the familiar model of belief content. (The familiar model just says that the content of belief is a proposition.) I do not object to these technical fixes, but I think they leave some questions unanswered. Specifically, they deny us an attractive account of what it is for different people to (...)
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  21. Joshua Spencer (2013). What Time Travelers Cannot Not Do (but Are Responsible for Anyway). Philosophical Studies 166 (1):149-162.score: 30.0
    The Principle of Alternative Possibilities is the intuitive idea that someone is morally responsible for an action only if she could have done otherwise. Harry Frankfurt has famously presented putative counterexamples to this intuitive principle. In this paper, I formulate a simple version of the Principle of Alternative Possibilities that invokes a course-grained notion of actions. After warming up with a Frankfurt-Style Counterexample to this principle, I introduce a new kind of counterexample based on the possibility of time travel. At (...)
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  22. Allison Barnes, Cara Spencer, Gavin B. Sullivan & Sam Coleman (2007). Preamble. Philosophical Psychology 20 (6):815 – 833.score: 30.0
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  23. C. Tillman & J. Spencer (2012). Musical Materialism and the Inheritance Problem. Analysis 72 (2):252-259.score: 30.0
    Some hold that musical works are fusions of, or coincide with, their performances. But if performances contain wrong notes, won't works inherit that property? We say ‘no’.
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  24. Stuart Spencer, Eddy Decuypere, Stefan Aerts & Johan De Tavernier (2006). History and Ethics of Keeping Pets: Comparison with Farm Animals. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):17-25.score: 30.0
    Perhaps the commonest reasons for the keeping of pets are companionship and as a conduit for affection. Pets are, therefore, being “used” for human ends in much the same way as laboratory or farm animals. So shouldn’t the same arguments apply to the use of pets as to those used in other ways? In accepting the “rights” of farm animals to fully express their natural behavior, one must also accept the “right” of pets to express their intrinsic natural behavior. Dogs (...)
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  25. Joshua T. Spencer (2006). Two Mereological Arguments Against the Possibility of an Omniscient Being. Philo 9 (1):62-72.score: 30.0
    In this paper I present two new arguments against the possibility of an omniscient being. My new arguments invoke considerations of cardinality and resemble several arguments originally presented by Patrick Grim. Like Grim, I give reasons to believe that there must be more objects in the universe than there are beliefs. However, my arguments will rely on certain mereological claims, namely that Classical Extensional Mereology is necessarily true of the part-whole relation. My first argument is an instance of a problem (...)
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  26. Parry Moon & Domina Eberle Spencer (1959). Mach's Principle. Philosophy of Science 26 (2):125-134.score: 30.0
    Recession of the galaxies indicates a repulsive force and suggests that Newton's formulation of gravitation is not complete. A possible modification is proposed, and this Neo-Newtonian equation allows a quantitative treatment of Mach's principle. It also limits the velocity of matter to c and gives a correct prediction for the perihelion of Mercury.
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  27. Mark K. Spencer (2011). Abelard on Status and Their Relation to Universals. International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):223-240.score: 30.0
    The discussion of universals in Peter Abelard’s Logica ‘Ingredientibus’ has been interpreted in many ways. Of particular controversy has been the proper way to interpret his use of the term status. In this paper I offer an interpretation of status by comparing Abelard’s account of knowledge of universals to Edmund Husserl’s presentations of categorial and eidetic intuition. I argue that status is meant to be understood as something like an ideal object, in Husserl’s sense of the term. First, I present (...)
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  28. Mark Spencer (2012). Ethical Subjectivity in Levinas and Thomas Aquinas: Common Ground? Heythrop Journal 53 (1):137-147.score: 30.0
  29. Cara Spencer (2006). Keeping Track of Objects in Conversation. In Manuel Garcia-Carpintero & Josep Macià (eds.), Two-Dimensional Semantics. Clarendon Press.score: 30.0
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  30. Herbert Spencer, Patriotism.score: 30.0
    The early abolition of serfdom in England, the early growth of relatively free institutions, and the greater recognition of popular claims after the decay of feudalism had divorced the masses from the soil, were traits of English life which may be looked back upon with pride. When it was decided that any slave who set foot in England became free; when the importation of slaves into the Colonies was stopped; when twenty millions were paid for the emancipation of slaves in (...)
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  31. Stefan Aerts, Dirk Lips, Stuart Spencer, Eddy Decuypere & Johan De Tavernier (2006). A New Framework for the Assessment of Animal Welfare: Integrating Existing Knowledge From a Practical Ethics Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (1):67-76.score: 30.0
    When making an assessment of animal welfare, it is important to take environmental (housing) or animal-based parameters into account. An alternative approach is to focus on the behavior and appearance of the animal, without making actual measurements or quantifying this. None of these tell the whole story. In this paper, we suggest that it is possible to find common ground between these (seemingly) diametrically opposed positions and argue that this may be the way to deal with the complexity of animal (...)
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  32. Cara Spencer (2007). Unconscious Vision and the Platitudes of Folk Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 20 (3):309 – 327.score: 30.0
    Since we explain behavior by ascribing intentional states to the agent, many philosophers have assumed that some guiding principle of folk psychology like [Intentional States and Actions] must be true. [Intentional States and Actions]: If A and B are different actions, then the agents performing them must differ in their intentional states at the time they are performed. Recent results in the physiology of vision present a prima facie problem for this principle. These results show that some visual information that (...)
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  33. Herbert Spencer, Edward B. Tylor, Herbert Spencer & Edward B. Tylor (1877). Mr. Tylor's Review of the Principles of Sociology. Mind 2 (7):415-429.score: 30.0
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  34. John R. Spencer (1957). Ut Rhetorica Pictura: A Study in Quattrocento Theory of Painting. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1/2):26-44.score: 30.0
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  35. Joshua Spencer (2012). 3. All Things Must Pass Away. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 7:67.score: 30.0
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  36. W. W. Spencer (1930). Our Knowledge of Other Minds. Yale University Press.score: 30.0
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  37. Ann E. Mills, Mary V. Rorty & Edward M. Spencer (2006). Introduction: Ethics Committees and Failure to Thrive. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 18 (4):279-286.score: 30.0
  38. Mark G. Spencer (2003). Another "Curious Legend" About Hume's An Abstract of a Treatise of Human Nature. Hume Studies 29 (1):89-98.score: 30.0
  39. John H. Spencer (2007). Defending Realism: Reflections on Karl Rogers's Metaphysics of Experimental Physics. Journal of Critical Realism 6 (1):126-147.score: 30.0
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  40. Mark K. Spencer (2007). Full Human Flourishing. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 81:193-204.score: 30.0
    Human ability to freely choose requires knowledge of human nature and the final end of man. For Aristotle, this end is happiness or full flourishing, whichinvolves various virtues. Modern scholarship has led to debate over which virtues are absolutely necessary. Taking into account the hierarchical nature of the soul and the fact that relationships with the divine and with others are necessary for human flourishing, it can be seen that human flourishing requires contemplation, phronesis and all the moral virtues, as (...)
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  41. Srimati Basu, Heather T. Frazer, Dermot Killingley, James Blumenthal, Anne M. Blackburn, Roy W. Perrett, Kees W. Bolle, Donald R. Davis, Mariko Namba Walter & George W. Spencer (2002). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):319-337.score: 30.0
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  42. Mark K. Spencer (2010). A Reexamination of the Hylomorphic Theory of Death. Review of Metaphysics 63 (4):843-870.score: 30.0
  43. Dale Spencer (2011). Event and Victimization. Criminal Law and Philosophy 5 (1):39-52.score: 30.0
    This article contributes to recent existentialist interventions in critical criminology (see Lippens and Crewe 2009) and offers the existential concept of ‘event’ as a guiding image for critical victimology. Whereas existential criminologists have examined crime and wrongdoing, very little attention has been given to victimization. I utilize the existential phenomenology of Martin Heidegger and Claude Romano to offer a critique of existing approaches to victimization within mainstream criminology and develop an evential analytic to understand the event of victimization. This paper (...)
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  44. Mark G. Spencer (2010). Fellow-Feeling and the Moral Life (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 110-111.score: 30.0
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  45. Herbert Spencer (1891). On the Origin of Music. Mind 16 (64):535-537.score: 30.0
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  46. Cara Spencer (2009). Review of Neil Feit, Belief About the Self: A Defense of the Property Theory of Content. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (2).score: 30.0
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  47. Herbert Spencer (1876). The Comparative Psychology of Man. Mind 1 (1):7-20.score: 30.0
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  48. J. R. Spencer (2002). A Point of Contention: The Scriptural Basis for the Jehovah's Witnesses' Refusal of Blood Transfusions. Christian Bioethics 8 (1):63-90.score: 30.0
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  49. Ann E. Mills & Edward M. Spencer (2005). Values Based Decision Making: A Tool for Achieving the Goals of Healthcare. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 17 (1):18-32.score: 30.0
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