Search results for 'Stability' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Sune Lægaard (2006). Feasibility and Stability in Normative Political Philosophy: The Case of Liberal Nationalism. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (4):399 - 416.score: 24.0
    Arguments from stability for liberal nationalism rely on considerations about conditions for the feasibility or stability of liberal political ideals and factual claims about the circumstances under which these conditions are fulfilled in order to argue for nationalist conclusions. Such reliance on factual claims has been criticised by among others G. A. Cohen in other contexts as ideological reifications of social reality. In order to assess whether arguments from stability within liberal nationalism, especially as formulated by (...)
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  2. Valerie Tiberius (2002). Practical Reason and the Stability Standard. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (3):339-354.score: 24.0
    Practical reasoning, reasoning about what to do, is a very familiar activity. When we think about whether to cook or to go out for dinner, to buy a house or rent, or to study law or business, we are engaged in practical reasoning. If the kind of reasoning we engage in is truly a rational process, there must be some norms or standards that govern it; the process cannot be arbitrary or random. In this paper I argue that one of (...)
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  3. Peter Csermely (2009). Weak Links: The Universal Key to the Stability of Networks and Complex Systems. Springer.score: 24.0
    A principle is born: the Granovetter study -- Why do we like networks? -- Network stability -- Weak links as stabilizers of complex systems -- Atoms, molecules, and macromolecules -- Weak links and cellular stability -- Weak links and the stability of organisms -- Social nets -- Networks of human culture -- The global web -- The Ecoweb -- Conclusions and perspectives.
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  4. Stan Franklin & Max Garzon (1992). On Stability and Solvability (or, When Does a Neural Network Solve a Problem?). Minds and Machines 2 (1):71-83.score: 24.0
    The importance of the Stability Problem in neurocomputing is discussed, as well as the need for the study of infinite networks. Stability must be the key ingredient in the solution of a problem by a neural network without external intervention. Infinite discrete networks seem to be the proper objects of study for a theory of neural computability which aims at characterizing problems solvable, in principle, by a neural network. Precise definitions of such problems and their solutions are given. (...)
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  5. Partha Gangopadhyay (2000). On the Coase Theorem and Coalitional Stability: The Principle of Equal Relative Concession. Theory and Decision 48 (2):179-191.score: 24.0
    The Coase theorem is argued to be incompatible with bargaining set stability due to a tension between the grand coalition and sub-coalitions. We provide a counter-intuitive argument to demonstrate that the Coase theorem may be in complete consonance with bargaining set stability. We establish that an uncertainty concerning the formation of sub-coalitions will explain such compatibility: each agent fears that others may `gang up' against him and this fear forces the agents to negotiate. The grand coalition emerges from (...)
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  6. Duygu Nizamogullari & İpek Özkal-Sanver (2011). Coalitional Stability and Efficiency of Partitions in Matching Problems. Theory and Decision 71 (3):395-407.score: 24.0
    Özkal-Sanver (Theory Decis 59:193–205, 2005) studies stability and efficiency of partitions of agents in two-sided matching markets in which agents can form partitions by individual moves only, and a matching rule determines the matching in each coalition in a partition. In this study, we present the relationship between stability and efficiency of partitions that is analyzed for several matching rules and under various membership property rights codes, now allowing coalitional moves.
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  7. Wlodek Rabinowicz (2000). Preference Stability and Substitution of Indifferents: A Rejoinder to Seidenfeld. Theory and Decision 48 (4):311-318.score: 24.0
    Seidenfeld (Seidenfeld, T. [1988a], Decision theory without 'Independence' or without 'Ordering', Economics and Philosophy 4: 267-290) gave an argument for Independence based on a supposition that admissibility of a sequential option is preserved under substitution of indifferents at choice nodes (S). To avoid a natural complaint that (S) begs the question against a critic of Independence, he provided an independent proof of (S) in his (Seidenfeld, T. [1988b], Rejoinder [to Hammond and McClennen], Economics and Philosophy 4: 309-315). In reply to (...)
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  8. Stefan Zeisberger, Dennis Vrecko & Thomas Langer (2012). Measuring the Time Stability of Prospect Theory Preferences. Theory and Decision 72 (3):359-386.score: 24.0
    Prospect Theory (PT) is widely regarded as the most promising descriptive model for decision making under uncertainty. Various tests have corroborated the validity of the characteristic fourfold pattern of risk attitudes implied by the combination of probability weighting and value transformation. But is it also safe to assume stable PT preferences at the individual level? This is not only an empirical but also a conceptual question. Measuring the stability of preferences in a multi-parameter decision model such as PT is (...)
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  9. David A. Cleveland (2001). Is Plant Breeding Science Objective Truth or Social Construction? The Case of Yield Stability. Agriculture and Human Values 18 (3):251-270.score: 24.0
    This article presents a holistic framework for understanding the scienceof plant breeding, as an alternative to the common objectivist andconstructivist approaches in studies of science. It applies thisapproach to understanding disagreements about how to deal with yieldstability. Two contrasting definitions of yield stability are described,and concomitant differences in the understanding and roles ofsustainability and of selection, test, and target environments areexplored. Critical questions about plant breeding theory and practiceare posed, and answers from the viewpoint of the two contrastingdefinitions of (...)
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  10. Mostapha Diss & Vincent Merlin (2010). On the Stability of a Triplet of Scoring Rules. Theory and Decision 69 (2):289-316.score: 24.0
    When choosing a voting rule to make subsequent decisions, the members of a committee may wish this rule to be self-selected when it is the object of a choice among a menu of different possible voting rules. Such concepts have recently been explored in Social Choice theory, and a menu of voting rule is said to be stable if it contains at least one self-selective voting rule at each profile of preferences on voting rules. We consider in this article the (...)
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  11. Walter Elberfeld (2000). An Analysis of Stability Sets in Pure Coordination Games. Theory and Decision 49 (3):235-248.score: 24.0
    We calculate the Lebesgue–measures of the stability sets of Nash-equilibria in pure coordination games. The results allow us to observe that the ordering induced by the Lebesgue–measure of stability sets upon strict Nash-equilibria does not necessarily agree with the ordering induced by risk–dominance. Accordingly, an equilibrium selection theory based on the Lebesgue–measure of stability sets would be necessarily different from one which uses the Nash-property as a point of orientation.
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  12. John Baldwin, David Kueker & Monica VanDieren (2006). Upward Stability Transfer for Tame Abstract Elementary Classes. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (2):291-298.score: 24.0
    Grossberg and VanDieren have started a program to develop a stability theory for tame classes. We name some variants of tameness and prove the following. Let K be an AEC with Löwenheim-Skolem number ≤κ. Assume that K satisfies the amalgamation property and is κ-weakly tame and Galois-stable in κ. Then K is Galois-stable in κ⁺ⁿ for all n<ω. With one further hypothesis we get a very strong conclusion in the countable case. Let K be an AEC satisfying the amalgamation (...)
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  13. Michael J. Lieberman (2013). Rank Functions and Partial Stability Spectra for Tame Abstract Elementary Classes. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 54 (2):153-166.score: 24.0
    We introduce a family of rank functions and related notions of total transcendence for Galois types in abstract elementary classes. We focus, in particular, on abstract elementary classes satisfying the condition known as tameness, where the connections between stability and total transcendence are most evident. As a byproduct, we obtain a partial upward stability transfer result for tame abstract elementary classes stable in a cardinal $\lambda$ satisfying $\lambda^{\aleph_{0}}\gt \lambda$, a substantial generalization of a result of Baldwin, Kueker, and (...)
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  14. Mathieu Martin (2002). On the Emptiness of the Stability Set of Order D. Theory and Decision 52 (4):313-326.score: 24.0
    We know from Li's theorem (1993) that the stability set of order d may be empty for some preference profiles. However, one may wonder whether such situations are just rare oddities or not. In this paper, we partially answer this question by considering the restrictive case where the number of alternatives is the smallest compatible with an empty stability set. More precisely, we provide an upper bound on the probability for having an empty stability set of order (...)
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  15. İpek Özkal-Sanver (2005). Stability and Efficiency of Partitions in Matching Problems. Theory and Decision 59 (3):193-205.score: 24.0
    We define two versions of stability and efficiency of partitions and analyze their relationships for some matching rules. The stability and efficiency of a partition depends on the matching rule φ. The results are stated under various membership property rights axioms. It is shown that in a world where agents can freely exit from and enter coalitions, whenever the matching rule is individually rational and Pareto optimal, the set of φ-stable and φ-efficient partitions coincide and it is unique: (...)
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  16. James W. Boudreau & Vicki Knoblauch (2013). Preferences and the Price of Stability in Matching Markets. Theory and Decision 74 (4):565-589.score: 24.0
    This paper studies welfare tradeoffs in two-sided, one-to-one matching markets. We begin by providing theoretical upper bounds on a utilitarian price of stability, and show that these bounds vary with the composition of participants’ ordinal preference lists. We then turn to simulation experiments to describe how changes in basic characteristics of agents’ preferences can increase or decrease the average price of stability as measured by both utilitarian and Rawlsian welfare criteria. Our results indicate that markets featuring moderate degrees (...)
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  17. Ibrahima Ndiaye & Jean-Luc Gouzé (forthcoming). Global Stability of Reversible Enzymatic Metabolic Chains. Acta Biotheoretica.score: 24.0
    We consider metabolic networks with reversible enzymatic reactions. The model is written as a system of ordinary differential equations, possibly with inputs and outputs. We prove the global stability of the equilibrium (if it exists), using techniques of monotone systems and compartmental matrices. We show that the equilibrium does not always exist. Finally, we consider a metabolic system coupled with a genetic network, and we study the dependence of the metabolic equilibrium (if it exists) with respect to concentrations of (...)
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  18. Andreas Hüttemann, Reimer Kühn & Orestis Terzidis (forthcoming). Stability, Emergence and Part-Whole-Reduction. In Brigitte Falkenburg & Margret Morrison (eds.), Why More Is Different. Philosophical Issues in Condensed Matter Physics and Complex Systems.score: 21.0
  19. Tadeusz Wieslaw Zawidzki (1998). Competing Models of Stability in Complex, Evolving Systems: Kauffman Vs. Simon. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 13 (4):541-554.score: 21.0
    I criticize Herbert Simon's argument for the claim that complex natural systems must constitute decomposable, mereological or functional hierarchies. The argument depends on certain assumptions about the requirements for the successful evolution of complex systems, most importantly, the existence of stable, intermediate stages in evolution. Simon offers an abstract model of any process that succeeds in meeting these requirements. This model necessarily involves construction through a decomposable hierarchy, and thus suggests that any complex, natural, i.e., evolved, system is (...)
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  20. Jani Raerinne (2013). Stability and Lawlikeness. Biology and Philosophy 28 (5):833-851.score: 21.0
    There appear to be no biological regularities that have the properties traditionally associated with laws, such as an unlimited scope or holding in all or many possible background conditions. Mitchell, Lange, and others have therefore suggested redefining laws to redeem the lawlike status of biological regularities. These authors suggest that biological regularities are lawlike because they are pragmatically or paradigmatically similar to laws or stable regularities. I will review these re-definitions by arguing both that there are difficulties in applying their (...)
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  21. Manel Baucells & Antonio Villasís (2010). Stability of Risk Preferences and the Reflection Effect of Prospect Theory. Theory and Decision 68 (1-2):193-211.score: 21.0
    Are risk preferences stable over time? To address this question we elicit risk preferences from the same pool of subjects at two different moments in time. To interpret the results, we use a Fechner stochastic choice model in which the revealed preference of individuals is governed by some underlying preference, together with a random error. We take cumulative prospect theory as the underlying preference model (Kahneman and Tversky, Econometrica 47:263–292, 1979; Tversky and Kahneman, Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 5:297–323, 1992). (...)
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  22. Pedro Zambrano (2012). A Stability Transfer Theorem in D‐Tame Metric Abstract Elementary Classes. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 58 (4‐5):333-341.score: 21.0
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  23. Yuki Anbo & Koichiro Ikeda (2010). A Note on Stability Spectrum of Generic Structures. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 56 (3):257-261.score: 21.0
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  24. Andreas Koch & Mich Tvede (2004). A Model of Sex‐Based Social Stability. Complexity 9 (6):52-56.score: 21.0
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  25. Sharon Mary Cruise, Christopher Alan Lewis & Bill Lattimer (2007). Temporal Stability of the Francis Scale of Attitude Toward Christianity Short-Form Among 10- To 12-Year-Old English Children: Test-Retest Data Over 15 Weeks. [REVIEW] Archive for the Psychology of Religion 29 (1):259-267.score: 21.0
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  26. Jens Blanck, Viggo Stoltenberg‐Hansen & John V. Tucker (2011). Stability of Representations of Effective Partial Algebras. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 57 (2):217-231.score: 21.0
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  27. Gustavo Caetano‐Anollés & Jay Mittenthal (2010). Exploring the Interplay of Stability and Function in Protein Evolution. Bioessays 32 (8):655-658.score: 21.0
  28. Daniel J. Graham, Simone Stockinger & Helmut Leder (2013). An Island of Stability: Art Images and Natural Scenes – but Not Natural Faces – Show Consistent Esthetic Response in Alzheimer's-Related Dementia. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
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  29. Christopher Alan Lewis, Sharon Mary Cruise & Bill Lattimer (2007). Temporal Stability of the Francis Scale of Attitude Toward Christianity Short-Form Among 10- To 12-Year-Old English Children: Test-Retest Data Over 15 Weeks. [REVIEW] Archive for the Psychology of Religion 29 (1):259-267.score: 21.0
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  30. Mathew J. Thayer (2012). Mammalian Chromosomes Contain Cis‐Acting Elements That Control Replication Timing, Mitotic Condensation, and Stability of Entire Chromosomes. Bioessays 34 (9):760-770.score: 21.0
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  31. Claus-Jochen Haake & Bettina Klaus (2010). Stability and Nash Implementation in Matching Markets with Couples. Theory and Decision 69 (4):537-554.score: 21.0
    We consider two-sided matching markets with couples. First, we extend a result by Klaus and Klijn (J Econ Theory 21: 75–106, 2005, Theorem 3.3) and show that for any weakly responsive couples market, there always exists a “double stable” matching, i.e., a matching that is stable for the couples market and for any associated singles market. Second, we show that for weakly responsive couples markets, the associated stable correspondence is (Maskin) monotonic and Nash implementable. In contrast, the correspondence that assigns (...)
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  32. Frieder Haug (1994). On Preservation of Stability for Finite Extensions of Abelian Groups. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 40 (1):14-26.score: 21.0
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  33. Patricia Simpson & James F. Voss (1967). Stability of Response Hierarchies. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):170.score: 21.0
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  34. V. Tsyganov (forthcoming). Limits of Global Growth, Stagnation, Creativity and International Stability. AI and Society:1-8.score: 21.0
    Arising restrictions of global economic growth due to limited natural resources and capacity of the biosphere adversely affect on people level of life and future expectation. That leads to mass depression and social instability. To consider this problem, psycho-physiological model of onward hedonist in consumer society is developed and investigated. This model is based on the fact that human nature generates a growing desire, needs to progress. After reaching the limits of growth, member of consumer society feel persistent negative emotions (...)
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  35. Burton Voorhees (2009). Virtual Stability: Constructing a Simulation Model. Complexity 15 (2):31-44.score: 21.0
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  36. James Woodward (2010). Causation in Biology: Stability, Specificity, and the Choice of Levels of Explanation. Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):287-318.score: 18.0
    This paper attempts to elucidate three characteristics of causal relationships that are important in biological contexts. Stability has to do with whether a causal relationship continues to hold under changes in background conditions. Proportionality has to do with whether changes in the state of the cause “line up” in the right way with changes in the state of the effect and with whether the cause and effect are characterized in a way that contains irrelevant detail. Specificity is connected both (...)
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  37. Jim Woodward (2001). Law and Explanation in Biology: Invariance is the Kind of Stability That Matters. Philosophy of Science 68 (1):1-20.score: 18.0
    This paper develops an account of explanation in biology which does not involve appeal to laws of nature, at least as traditionally conceived. Explanatory generalizations in biology must satisfy a requirement that I call invariance, but need not satisfy most of the other standard criteria for lawfulness. Once this point is recognized, there is little motivation for regarding such generalizations as laws of nature. Some of the differences between invariance and the related notions of stability and resiliency, due respectively (...)
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  38. Michael E. Bratman (1992). Planning and the Stability of Intention. Minds and Machines 2 (1):1-16.score: 18.0
    I sketch my general model of the roles of intentions in the planning of agents like us-agents with substantial resource limitations and with important needs for coordination. I then focus on the stability of prior intentions: their rational resistance to reconsideration. I emphasize the importance of cases in which one's nonreconsideration of a prior intention is nondeliberative and is grounded in relevant habits of reconsideration. Concerning such cases I argue for a limited form of two-tier consequentialism, one that is (...)
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  39. Anders Strand & Gry Oftedal (2009). Functional Stability and Systems Level Causation. Philosophy of Science 76 (5):809-820.score: 18.0
    A wide range of gene knockout experiments shows that functional stability is an important feature of biological systems. On this backdrop, we present an argument for higher‐level causation based on counterfactual dependence. Furthermore, we sketch a metaphysical picture providing resources to explain the metaphysical nature of functional stability, higher‐level causation, and the relevant notion of levels. Our account aims to clarify the role empirical results and philosophical assumptions should play in debates about reductionism and higher‐level causation. It thereby (...)
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  40. Edward S. Hinchman (2014). Narrative and the Stability of Intention. European Journal of Philosophy 22 (2).score: 18.0
    This paper addresses a problem concerning the rational stability of intention. When you form an intention to φ at some future time t, you thereby make it subjectively rational for you to follow through and φ at t, even if—hypothetically—you would abandon the intention were you to redeliberate at t. It is hard to understand how this is possible. Shouldn't the perspective of your acting self be what determines what is then subjectively rational for you? I aim to solve (...)
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  41. Marc Lange (1999). Laws, Counterfactuals, Stability, and Degrees of Lawhood. Philosophy of Science 66 (2):243-267.score: 18.0
    I identify the special sort of stability (invariance, resilience, etc.) that distinguishes laws from accidental truths. Although an accident can have a certain invariance under counterfactual suppositions, there is no continuum between laws and accidents here; a law's invariance is different in kind, not in degree, from an accident's. (In particular, a law's range of invariance is not "broader"--at least in the most straightforward sense.) The stability distinctive of the laws is used to explicate what it would mean (...)
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  42. B. H. Lavenda (1972). Concepts of Stability and Symmetry in Irreversible Thermodynamics. I. Foundations of Physics 2 (2-3):161-179.score: 18.0
    Concepts of stability and symmetry in irreversible thermodynamics are developed through the analysis of system energy flows. The excess power function, derived from a local energy conservation equation, is shown to yield necessary and sufficient stability criteria for linear and nonlinear irreversible processes. In the absence of symmetry-destroying external forces, the linear range may be characterized by a set of phenomenological coefficient symmetries relating coupled forces and displacements, velocities, and accelerations, whereas rotational phenomena in nonlinear processes may be (...)
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  43. Axel Cleeremans & Luis Jimenez (1999). Stability and Explicitness: In Defense of Implicit Representation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):151-152.score: 18.0
    Electronic Mail: jimenez@usc.es Abstract Stability of activation, while it may be necessary for information to become available to consciousness, is not sufficient to produce phenomenal experience. We suggest that consciousness involves access to information and that access makes information symbolic. From this perspective, implicit representations exist, and are best thought of as sub-symbolic. Crucially, such representations can be causally efficacious in the absence of consciousness.
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  44. W. Maass (1983). On the Stability of a Class of Kinetic Equations. Foundations of Physics 13 (7):715-729.score: 18.0
    Stability properties of kinetic model equations (including discrete versions of the master equation and Boltzmann's equation) are derived by means of Lyapunov's direct method. The construction of suitable Lyapunov functions leads to results about the structural stability of the dynamical systems and makes it possible to compose more complicated systems from the given ones, preserving automatically some form of stability.
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  45. Douglas W. Arner, Financial Stability, Economic Growth, and the Role of Law.score: 18.0
    Financial crises have become an all-too-common occurrence over the past twenty years, largely as a result of changes in finance brought about by increasing internationalization and integration. As domestic financial systems and economies become more interlinked, weaknesses can significantly impact not only individual economies but also markets, financial intermediaries and economies around the world. This volume addresses the twin objectives of financial development in the context of financial stability and the role of law in supporting both. Financial stability (...)
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  46. S. O. Hansson & G. Helgesson (2003). What is Stability? Synthese 136 (2):219 - 235.score: 18.0
    Although stability is a central notion in several academic disciplines, the parallelsremain unexplored since previous discussions of the concept have been almostexclusively subject-specific. In the literature we have found three basic conceptsof stability, that we call constancy, robustness, and resilience. They are all foundin both the natural and the social sciences. To analyze the three concepts we introducea general formal framework in which stability relates to transitions between states. Itcan then be shown that robustness is a limiting (...)
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  47. Jennifer Wright (2010). On Intuitional Stability: The Clear, the Strong, and the Paradigmatic. Cognition 115 (3):491-503.score: 18.0
    Skepticism about the epistemic value of intuition in theoretical and philosophical inquiry has recently been bolstered by empirical research suggesting that people’s concrete-case intuitions are vulnerable to irrational biases (e.g., the order effect). What is more, skeptics argue that we have no way to ‘‘calibrate” our intuitions against these biases and no way of anticipating intuitional instability. This paper challenges the skeptical position, introducing data from two studies that suggest not only that people’s concrete-case intuitions are often stable, but also (...)
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  48. John Thrasher & Kevin Vallier (2013). The Fragility of Consensus: Public Reason, Diversity and Stability. European Journal of Philosophy 22 (3).score: 18.0
    John Rawls's transition from A Theory of Justice to Political Liberalism was driven by his rejection of Theory's account of stability. The key to his later account of stability is the idea of public reason. We see Rawls's account of stability as an attempt to solve a mutual assurance problem. We maintain that Rawls's solution fails because his primary assurance mechanism, in the form of public reason, is fragile. His conception of public reason relies on a condition (...)
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  49. Michael Huemer (1996). Rawls's Problem of Stability. Social Theory and Practice 22 (3):375-395.score: 18.0
    Rawls addresses the problem of the stability of his conception of justice by arguing that it could become the focus of an “overlapping consensus,” in which individuals with diverse moral, philosophical, and religious views all accept the Rawlsian conception for different reasons. Using the example of Christian fundamentalists, I show that, subject to constraints that Rawls himself delineates, no such consensus is possible.
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  50. Louis E. Loeb (2002). Stability and Justification in Hume's Treatise. Oxford University Press.score: 18.0
    David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature is famous for its extreme skepticism. Louis Loeb argues that Hume's destructive conclusions have in fact obscured a constructive stage that Hume abandons prematurely. Working within a philosophical tradition that values tranquillity, Hume favors an epistemology that links justification with settled belief. Hume appeals to psychological stability to support his own epistemological assessments, both favorable regarding causal inference, and unfavorable regarding imaginative propensities. The theory's success in explaining Hume's epistemic distinctions gives way (...)
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