Search results for 'Stanley Kelley' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stanley Kelley (1995). The Promise and Limitations of Rational Choice Theory. Critical Review 9 (1-2):95-106.score: 240.0
    Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory is a valuable survey and critique of research in the rational choice tradition, but one that slights that tradition's past and potential contributions to the study of politics. The authors rightly note limitations of rational choice theory but understate what it has to offer political scientists, for they fail to focus clearly on its essentials; adopt too narrow a basis for evaluating scholarship; and wrongly identify rational choice theory with the shortcomings of some scholarship that (...)
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  2. Stanley Kelley (1995). Rational Choice: Its Promises and Limitations. Critical Review 9 (1-2):95-106.score: 240.0
     
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  3. Jennifer Hornsby & Jason Stanley (2005). II Reply by Jason Stanley. Hornsby on the Phenomenology of Speech. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):131–145.score: 180.0
    The central claim is that the semantic knowledge exercised by people when they speak is practical knowledge. The relevant idea of practical knowledge is explicated, applied to the case of speaking, and connected with an idea of agents’ knowledge. Some defence of the claim is provided.
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  4. Jennifer Hornsby & Jason Stanley (2005). Jason Stanley. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):131-145.score: 180.0
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  5. Mike Kelley (2007). 13 Mike Kelley. In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: Key Contemporary Thinkers. Berg. 13.score: 180.0
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  6. W. M. Kelley, R. L. Buckner & S. E. Petersen (1998). Response From Kelley, Buckner and Petersen. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (11):421.score: 180.0
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  7. Kathleen Kelley (2012). Faithful Mechanisms. Angelaki 17 (4):23 - 37.score: 120.0
    A Bazinian commitment to cinematic realism, grounded as it is in the ontology of the photograph, sets up the aesthetic ambition of cinema as irreparably opposed to the structures and ambitions of high modernism ? whether high modernism be taken to have its essence in formal experiment, medium specificity, or negation. Bazin himself licenses such an opposition, but the sense of a divide here is not his alone: there are structural and grammatical reasons why realism (photographic or otherwise) and modernism (...)
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  8. Matthew Stanley (2008). Mysticism and Marxism: A.S. Eddington, Chapman Cohen, and Political Engagement Through Science Popularization. [REVIEW] Minerva 46 (2):181-194.score: 90.0
    This paper argues that that political context of British science popularization in the inter-war period was intimately tied to contemporary debates about religion and science. A leading science popularizer, the Quaker astronomer A.S. Eddington, and one of his opponents, the materialist Chapman Cohen, are examined in detail to show the intertwined nature of science, philosophy, religion, and politics.
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  9. Jennifer Hornsby & Jason Stanley (2005). I-Paper by Jennifer Hornsby. Semantic Knowledge and Practical Knowledge. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):107–130.score: 60.0
    [Jennifer Hornsby] The central claim is that the semantic knowledge exercised by people when they speak is practical knowledge. The relevant idea of practical knowledge is explicated, applied to the case of speaking, and connected with an idea of agents' knowledge. Some defence of the claim is provided. /// [Jason Stanley] The central claim is that Hornsby's argument that semantic knowledge is practical knowledge is based upon a false premise. I argue, contra Hornsby, that speakers do not voice their (...)
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  10. Jason Stanley (2005). Knowledge and Practical Interests. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Jason Stanley presents a startling and provocative claim about knowledge: that whether or not someone knows a proposition at a given time is in part determined by his or her practical interests, i.e. by how much is at stake for that person at that time. In defending this thesis, Stanley introduces readers to a number of strategies for resolving philosophical paradox, making the book essential not just for specialists in epistemology but for all philosophers interested in philosophical methodology. (...)
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  11. Patricia C. Kelley, Bradley R. Agle & Jason DeMott (2005). Mapping Our Progress: Identifying, Categorizing and Comparing Universities' Ethics Infrastructures. [REVIEW] Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (2-4):205-229.score: 60.0
    Ethics researchers have scrutinized ethical business problems, which have been demonstrated through the actions of managers at Enron, WorldCom, and Arthur Andersen, among others. In response to these business transgressions, the US government has implemented the Sarbanes–Oxley Act to shore up businesses’ ethics infrastructures. However, universities, too, struggle with ethics problems. These include NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) violations, discrimination issues, sexual harassment, endowment admits, plagiarism, and research funding manipulation. Despite these problems, we have little knowledge regarding universities’ ethics infrastructures (...)
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  12. Denis Stanley (2012). Reflections on the Readings of Sundays and Feasts March - May. Australasian Catholic Record, The 89 (1):99.score: 60.0
    Stanley, Denis This snippet from the poetry of Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861) captures how blind we can be to the presence of God in our lives. In the Gospels, being healed from physical blindness is also a celebration of coming to faith in Christ and using that new gift to follow him. The gift of having one's eyes opened is our constant prayer, more so than ever during Lent.
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  13. Troy Dale Kelley (forthcoming). Robotic Dreams: A Computational Justification for the Post-Hoc Processing of Episodic Memories. .score: 60.0
    Troy Dale Kelley, Int. J. Mach. Conscious., 06, 109 (2014). DOI: 10.1142/S1793843014400149.
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  14. David Kelley (2001). Reasoning About Art. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (2):335 - 340.score: 60.0
    David Kelley discusses the relationship between philosophy and sense of life and explains why he and William Thomas do not consider sense of life essential to the explanation of why art is a major human value, though it is essential to explaining how people create and experience art. Kelley also challenges the claim by Kamhi and Torres (in their article, "Critical Neglect of Ayn Rand's Theory of Art? Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Fall 2000) that aesthetics, as a (...)
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  15. David Kelley (2002). Reply to Jonathan Jacobs: Contesting a Review. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 4 (1):237 - 239.score: 60.0
    David Kelley responds to Jonathan Jacobs' review of his The Contested Legacy of Ayn Rand' Truth and Toleration in Objectivism ("A Contest of Wills," Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Fall 2001). He argues that his goal was not to provide a technical treatise on Objectivism, but to focus on a debate within Objectivism. Toward the former end, he provides a brief bibliography of relevant technical treatments of Objectivist epistemology and ethics.
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  16. Lisa Trahair (2014). Being on the Outside: Cinematic Automatism in Stanley Cavell's The World Viewed. Film-Philosophy 18 (1):128-146.score: 54.0
    Stanley Cavell's The World Viewed was the first book on cinema to attempt to provide an ontological theorisation of film that could account not only for its popular instances and the reason why they enthralled audiences for over half a century but also for the demise of its mythic function and the possibility of its redemption in serious modernist film. Inadequately understood at the time of its publication, and for too long ignored by Film Studies, Cavell's arguments about modernist (...)
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  17. Jason Stanley & Timothy Williamson (2001). Knowing How. Journal of Philosophy 98 (8):411-444.score: 30.0
    Many philosophers believe that there is a fundamental distinction between knowing that something is the case and knowing how to do something. According to Gilbert Ryle, to whom the insight is credited, knowledge-how is an ability, which is in turn a complex of dispositions. Knowledge-that, on the other hand, is not an ability, or anything similar. Rather, knowledge-that is a relation between a thinker and a true proposition.
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  18. John Hawthorne & Jason Stanley (2008). Knowledge and Action. Journal of Philosophy 105 (10):571-590.score: 30.0
    Judging by our folk appraisals, then, knowledge and action are intimately related. The theories of rational action with which we are familiar leave this unexplained. Moreover, discussions of knowledge are frequently silent about this connection. This is a shame, since if there is such a connection it would seem to constitute one of the most fundamental roles for knowledge. Our purpose in this paper is to rectify this lacuna, by exploring ways in which knowing something is related to rationally acting (...)
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  19. Jason Stanley & Zoltán Gendler Szabó (2000). On Quantifier Domain Restriction. Mind and Language 15 (2&3):219--61.score: 30.0
  20. Jason Stanley (2001). Hermeneutic Fictionalism. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 25 (1):36–71.score: 30.0
    Fictionalist approaches to ontology have been an accepted part of philosophical methodology for some time now. On a fictionalist view, engaging in discourse that involves apparent reference to a realm of problematic entities is best viewed as engaging in a pretense. Although in reality, the problematic entities do not exist, according to the pretense we engage in when using the discourse, they do exist. In the vocabulary of Burgess and Rosen (1997, p. 6), a nominalist construal of a given discourse (...)
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  21. Jason Stanley (2000). Context and Logical Form. Linguistics and Philosophy 23 (4):391--434.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I defend the thesis that alleffects of extra-linguistic context on thetruth-conditions of an assertion are traceable toelements in the actual syntactic structure of thesentence uttered. In the first section, I develop thethesis in detail, and discuss its implications for therelation between semantics and pragmatics. The nexttwo sections are devoted to apparent counterexamples.In the second section, I argue that there are noconvincing examples of true non-sentential assertions.In the third section, I argue that there are noconvincing examples of what (...)
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  22. Jason Stanley (2004). On the Linguistic Basis for Contextualism. Philosophical Studies 119 (1-2):119-146.score: 30.0
    Contextualism in epistemology is the doctrine that the proposition expressed by a knowledge attribution relative to a context is determined in part by the standards of justification salient in that context. The (non-skeptical) contextualist allows that in some context c, a speaker may truly attribute knowledge at a time of a proposition p to Hannah, despite her possession of only weak inductive evidence for the truth of that proposition. Relative to another context, someone may make the very same knowledge attribution (...)
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  23. Jason Stanley (2008). Knowledge and Certainty. Philosophical Issues 18 (1):35-57.score: 30.0
    This paper is a companion piece to my earlier paper “Fallibilism and Concessive Knowledge Attributions”. There are two intuitive charges against fallibilism. One is that it countenances the truth (and presumably acceptability) of utterances of sentences such as “I know that Bush is a Republican, though it might be that he is not a Republican”. The second is that it countenances the truth (and presumably acceptability) of utterances of sentences such as “I know that Bush is a Republican, even though (...)
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  24. Jason Stanley (2010). &Quot;assertion" and Intentionality. Philosophical Studies 151 (1):87 - 113.score: 30.0
    Robert Stalnaker argues that his causal-pragmatic account of the problem of intentionality commits him to a coarse-grained conception of the contents of mental states, where propositions are represented as sets of possible worlds. Stalnaker also accepts the "direct reference" theory of names, according to which co-referring names have the same content. Stalnaker's view of content is thus threatened by Frege's Puzzle. Stalnaker's classic paper "Assertion" is intended to provide a response to this threat. In this paper, I evaluate Stalnaker's claim (...)
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  25. Jason Stanley (2003). Modality and What is Said. In John Hawthorne (ed.), Language and Mind. Blackwell. 321--44.score: 30.0
    If, relative to a context, what a sentence says is necessarily true, then what it says must be so. If, relative to a context, what a sentence says is possible, then what it says could be true. Following natural philosophical usage, it would thus seem clear that in assessing an occurrence of a sentence for possibility or necessity, one is assessing what is said by that occurrence. In this paper, I argue that natural philosophical usage misleads here. In assessing an (...)
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  26. Jason Stanley (2005). Review of Robyn Carston, Thoughts and Utterances. [REVIEW] Mind and Language 20 (3):364–368.score: 30.0
    Relevance Theory is the influential theory of linguistic interpretation first championed by Dan Sperber and Deirdre Wilson. Relevance theorists have made important contributions to our understanding of a wide range of constructions, especially constructions that tend to receive less attention in semantics and philosophy of language. But advocates of Relevance Theory also have had a tendency to form a rather closed community, with an unwillingness to translate their own special vocabulary and distinctions into more neutral vernacular. Since Robyn Carston has (...)
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  27. Jason Stanley (2002). Making It Articulated. Mind and Language 17 (1&2):149–168.score: 30.0
  28. Jason Stanley (2003). Context, Interest Relativity and the Sorites. Analysis 63 (4):269–281.score: 30.0
    According to what I will call a contextualist solution to the sorites paradox, vague terms are context-sensitive, and one can give a convincing dissolution of the sorites paradox in terms of this context-dependency. The reason, according to the contextualist, that precise boundaries for expressions like “heap” or “tall for a basketball player” are so difficult to detect is that when two entities are sufficiently similar (or saliently similar), we tend to shift the interpretation of the vague expression so that if (...)
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  29. Jason Stanley (2005). Fallibilism and Concessive Knowledge Attributions. Analysis 65 (286):126–131.score: 30.0
    Lewis concludes that fallibilism is uncomfortable, though preferable to scepticism. However, he believes that contextualism about knowledge allows us to ‘dodge the choice’ between fallibilism and scepticism. For the contextualist semantics for ‘know’ can explain the oddity of fallibilism, without landing us into scepticism.
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  30. Jason Stanley (2005). Review of François Recanati, Literal Meaning. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (9).score: 30.0
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  31. Jason Stanley (1998). Persons and Their Properties. Philosophical Quarterly 48 (191):159-175.score: 30.0
    According to what I call ‘the asymmetry thesis’, persons, though they are the direct bearers of the properties expressed by mental predicates, are not the direct bearers of properties such as those expressed by ‘weighs 135 pounds’ or ‘has crossed legs’. A number of different views about persons entail the asymmetry thesis. I first argue that the asymmetry thesis entails an error theory about our discourse involving person‐referring terms. I then argue that it is further threatened by consideration of the (...)
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  32. Richard Heck & Jason Stanley (1993). Reply to Hintikka and Sandu: Frege and Second-Order Logic. Journal of Philosophy 90 (8):416 - 424.score: 30.0
    Hintikka and Sandu had argued that 'Frege's failure to grasp the idea of the standard interpretation of higher-order logic turns his entire foundational project into a hopeless daydream' and that he is 'inextricably committed to a non-standard interpretation' of higher-order logic. We disagree.
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  33. Jason Stanley & Zoltán Gendler Szabó (2000). Reply to Bach and Neale. Mind and Language 15 (2&3):295–298.score: 30.0
  34. David Kelley (1980). The Specificity of Perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (March):401-405.score: 30.0
  35. Larry L. Jacoby & Clarence M. Kelley (1987). Unconscious Influences of Memory for a Prior Event. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 13:314-36.score: 30.0
  36. Jason Stanley (2007). Précis of Knowledge and Practical Interests. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (1):168–172.score: 30.0
    Our intuitions about whether someone knows that p vary even fixing the intuitively epistemic features of that person’s situation. Sometimes they vary with features of our own situation, and sometimes they vary with features of the putative knower’s situation. If the putative knower is in a risky situation and her belief that p is pivotal in achieving a positive outcome of one of the actions available to her, or avoiding a negative one, we often feel she must be in a (...)
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  37. Marjorie T. Stanley (1990). Ethical Perspectives on the Foreign Direct Investment Decision. Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):1 - 10.score: 30.0
    This paper examines the foreign direct investment decision from an ethical perspective, and considers the moral agency involved in such decisions, with emphasis upon the corporate decision-maker. Historical capital allocation models once regarded as both financially and ethically normative are shown to be deficient in today's environment. Work of modern western philososphical and theological ethicists is included in analyses of the applicability of selected ethical approaches or metaphors to multinational foreign direct investment decisions and the corporate manager's role and responsibility (...)
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  38. David Kelley & Janet Krueger (1984). The Psychology of Abstraction. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 14 (1):43–67.score: 30.0
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  39. Jason Stanley (1999). Understanding, Context-Relativity, and the Description Theory. Analysis 59 (1):14 - 18.score: 30.0
  40. Zoltan Szabo & Jason Stanley, Domain of Quantification.score: 30.0
    When we utter sentences containing quantifiers, typically we are not to be taken to speak about absolutely everything there is. Suppose Mary has invited her friend John to a party to which she is going. If, upon entering the party, Mary turns to Jack and utters (1), it would be rather odd of Jack to object by pointing out that John in fact knows several people who are not present.
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  41. Maureen Kelley (2005). Limits on Patient Responsibility. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 30 (2):189 – 206.score: 30.0
    The medical profession and medical ethics currently place a greater emphasis on physician responsibility than patient responsibility. This imbalance is not due to accident or a mistake but, rather is motivated by strong moral reasons. As we debate the nature and extent of patient responsibility it is important to keep in mind the reasons for giving a relatively minimal role to patient responsibility in medical ethics. It is argued that the medical profession ought to be characterized by two moral asymmetries: (...)
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  42. John Stanley (1977). Equality of Opportunity as Philosophy and Ideology. Political Theory 5 (1):61-74.score: 30.0
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  43. Hiram M. Stanley (1886). Feeling and Emotion. Mind 11 (41):66-76.score: 30.0
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  44. Ruth Stanley (2009). Types of Prayer, Heart Rate Variability, and Innate Healing. Zygon 44 (4):825-846.score: 30.0
    Spiritual practices such as prayer have been shown to improve health and quality of life for those facing chronic or terminal illness. The early Christian healing tradition distinguished between types of prayer and their role in healing, placing great emphasis on the healing power of more integrated relational forms of prayer such as prayers of gratitude and contemplative prayer. Because autonomic tone is impaired in most disease states, autonomic homeostasis may provide insight into the healing effects of prayer. I report (...)
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  45. Tisha L. N. Emerson, Stephen J. Conroy & Charles W. Stanley (2007). Ethical Attitudes of Accountants: Recent Evidence From a Practitioners' Survey. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 71 (1):73 - 87.score: 30.0
    Recent highly publicized ethical breaches including those at Enron and WorldCom have focused attention on ethical behavior within the accounting profession. At the heart of the debate is whether ethical attitudes of accountants are to blame. Using a nationally representative sample of accounting practitioners and a multidisciplinary student sample at two Southern United States universities, we compare sample responses to 25 ethically charged vignettes to test whether they differ. Overall, we find no significant difference – even for a specific “accounting (...)
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  46. Jason Stanley (2007). Replies to Gilbert Harman, Ram Neta, and Stephen Schiffer. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (1):196–210.score: 30.0
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  47. S. W. Kelley, O. C. Ferrell & S. J. Skinner (1990). Ethical Behavior Among Marketing Researchers: An Assessment of Selected Demographic Characteristics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 9 (8):681 - 688.score: 30.0
    This study considers the relationship between perceptions of ethical behavior and the demographic characteristics of sex, age, education level, job title, and job tenure among a sample of marketing researchers. The findings of this study indicate that female marketing researchers, older marketing researchers, and marketing researchers holding their present job for ten years or more generally rate their behavior as more ethical.
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  48. Clarence M. Kelley & Larry L. Jacoby (1990). The Construction of Subjective Experience: Memory Attributions. Mind and Language 5 (1):49-68.score: 30.0
  49. Omar De la Cruz, Eric Hall, Paul Howard, Jean E. Rubin & Adrienne Stanley (2002). Definitions of Compactness and the Axiom of Choice. Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (1):143-161.score: 30.0
    We study the relationships between definitions of compactness in topological spaces and the roll the axiom of choice plays in these relationships.
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  50. Hillary Jay Kelley (1969). Entropy of Knowledge. Philosophy of Science 36 (2):178-196.score: 30.0
    Entropy is proposed as a concept which in its broader scope can contribute to the study of the General Information System. This paper attempts to identify a few fundamental subconcepts and LEMMAS which will serve to facilitate further study of system order. The paper discusses: partitioning order into logical and arbitrary kinds; the relationship of order to pattern; and suggested approaches to evaluating and improving the General Information System.
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