Search results for 'State, The Early works to 1800' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jean Bodin (1955/1967). Six Books of the Commonwealth. New York, Barnes & Noble.score: 1386.0
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  2. Aleš Havlíček & Filip Karfík (eds.) (1998). The Republic and the Laws of Plato: Proceedings of the First Symposium Platonicum Pragense. Oikoumenh.score: 1386.0
     
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  3. Francisco L. Lisi (ed.) (2001). Plato's Laws and its Historical Significance: Selected Papers of the I International Congress on Ancient Thought, Salamanca, 1998. Academia.score: 1386.0
     
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  4. Thomas Floyd (1600/1973). The Picture of a Perfit Common Wealth. New York,Da Capo Press.score: 1374.0
     
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  5. Edward Forset (1606/1973). A Comparative Discovrse of the Bodies Natvral and Politiqve. New York,Da Capo Press.score: 1374.0
     
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  6. Thomas Hobbes (1968). Leviathan. Harmondsworth, Penguin.score: 1356.0
    INTRODUCTION ATURE (the art whereby God hath made and governs the world) is bythe art of man, as in many other things, so in this also imitated, ...
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  7. Thomas Hobbes (1651/1969). Leviathan, 1651. Menston, Scolar P..score: 1320.0
     
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  8. Thomas Hobbes (1958). Leviathan, Parts One and Two. New York, Liberal Arts Press.score: 1320.0
     
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  9. Marsilius (1979). Marsilius of Padua. Arno Press.score: 1320.0
    Gewirth, A. Marsilius of Padua and medieval political philosophy. Marsilius, of Padua. Defensor pacis.
     
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  10. Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino (1979). De Laicis: Or, the Treatise on Civil Government. Hyperion Press.score: 978.0
  11. Takashi Nakao, Tomoya Matsumoto, Machiko Morita, Daisuke Shimizu, Shinpei Yoshimura, Georg Northoff, Shigeru Morinobu, Yasumasa Okamoto & Shigeto Yamawaki (2013). The Degree of Early Life Stress Predicts Decreased Medial Prefrontal Activations and the Shift From Internally to Externally Guided Decision Making: An Exploratory NIRS Study During Resting State and Self-Oriented Task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 903.0
    Early life stress (ELS), an important risk factor for psychopathology in mental disorders, is associated neuronally with decreased functional connectivity within the default mode network (DMN) in the resting state. Moreover, it is linked with greater deactivation in DMN during a working memory task. Although DMN shows large amplitudes of very-low-frequency oscillations (VLFO) and strong involvement during self-oriented tasks, these features’ relation to ELS remains unclear. Therefore, our preliminary study investigated the relationship between ELS and the degree of frontal (...)
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  12. Plato (1991). The Republic: The Complete and Unabridged Jowett Translation. Vintage Books.score: 816.0
    Toward the end of the astonishing period of Athenian creativity that furnished Western civilization with the greater part of its intellectual, artistic, and political wealth, Plato wrote The Republic , his discussion of the nature and meaning of justice and of the ideal state and its ruler. All subsequent European thinking about these subjects owes its character, directly or indirectly, to this most famous (and most accessible) of the Platonic dialogues. Although he describes a society that looks to some like (...)
     
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  13. R. G. Mulgan (1977). Aristotle's Political Theory: An Introduction for Students of Political Theory. Clarendon Press.score: 804.0
    This book aims to provide an introduction to Aristotle's Politics, highlighting the major themes and arguments offered in the scholar's work. It begins with a discussion on what Aristotle perceives as human good, which he had described as the ethical purpose of political science, and how he views the political community, or the polis, as a community of persons formed with a view to some good purpose and a supreme entity in the sense that it is not just one aspect (...)
     
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  14. Joseph Priestley (1993). Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.score: 768.0
    Joseph Priestley (1733-1804) was arguably the most important English theorist to focus on the issue of political liberty during the English Enlightenment. His concept of freedom is of crucial importance to two of the major issues of his day: the right of dissenters to religious toleration, and the right of the American colonists to self-government. Priestley's writings lack a modern edition and this new collection will be the first to render accessible his Essay on First Principles, The Present State of (...)
     
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  15. Plato (1991/1945). The Republic of Plato. Basic Books (AZ).score: 726.0
    A model for the ideal state includes discussions of the nature and application of justice, the role of the philosopher in society, the goals of education, and the effects of art upon character.
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  16. Aristotle (2007/1973). The Politics of Aristotle. BiblioBazaar, LLC.score: 726.0
    BOOK ONE i EVERY STATE is a community of some kind, and every community is established with a view to some good; for mankind always act in order to obtain ...
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  17. Mark Alfano (2010). The Tenacity of the Intentional Prior to the Genealogy. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 40:29-46.score: 691.7
    I have argued elsewhere that the psychological aspects of Nietzsche’s later works are best understood from a psychodynamic point of view. Nietzsche holds a view I dubbed the tenacity of the intentional (T): when an intentional state loses its object, a new object replaces the original; the state does not disappear entirely. In this essay I amend and clarify (T) to (T``): When an intentional state with a sub-propositional object loses its object, the affective component of the state persists (...)
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  18. Leonid Grinin (2008). Early State, Developed State, Mature State: The Statehood Evolutionary Sequence. Social Evolution and History 7 (1).score: 628.0
    In the theory of the early state it was fundamentally new and important from a methodological point of view to define the early state as a separate stage of evolution essentially different from the following stage, the one of the full-grown or mature state. ‘To reach the early state level is one thing, to develop into a full-blown, or mature state is quite another’ (Claessen and Skalník 1978b: 22). At the same time they (as well as a (...)
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  19. Jochen Clasen (2003). Towards a New Welfare State or Reverting to Type? Some Major Trends in British Social Policy Since the Early 1980s. The European Legacy 8 (5):573-586.score: 600.0
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  20. Konrad Fuchs (1979). From the Graeco-Roman to the Early Medieval Notion of the State. Philosophy and History 12 (2):234-236.score: 588.0
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  21. James Fieser (ed.) (2001). Early Responses to Hume's Writings on Religion. Thoemmes Press.score: 577.5
    In the past 250 years, David Hume probably had a greater impact on the field of philosophy of religion than any other single philosopher. He relentlessly attacked the standard proofs for God's existence, traditional notions of God's nature and divine governance, the connection between morality and religion, and the rationality of belief in miracles. He also advanced radical theories of the origin of religious ideas, grounding such notions in human psychology rather than in divine reality. In the last decade of (...)
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  22. Colin Brooks (1988). Liberty and Order in Early Modern Europe: The Subject and the State, 1650–1800. History of European Ideas 9 (5):608-609.score: 576.0
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  23. Robert Adams (1993). John A. Alford,“Piers Plowman”: A Guide to the Quotations.(Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 77.) Binghamton, NY: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1992. Pp. Xiii, 153. $9. [REVIEW] Speculum 68 (4):1053-1053.score: 576.0
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  24. Patrick J. Gallacher (1991). Peter Nicholson, An Annotated Index to the Commentary on Gower's “Confessio Amantis.”(Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 62.) Binghamton, NY: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York, 1989. Pp. Ix, 593. $35. [REVIEW] Speculum 66 (3):668-669.score: 576.0
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  25. Anke Te Heesen (2004). From Natural Historical Investment to State Service: Collectors and Collections of the Berlin Society of Friends of Nature Research, C. 1800. History of Science 42:113-131.score: 576.0
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  26. Jeremy Bentham (1990). The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham: Securities Against Misrule and Other Constitutional Writings for Tripoli and Greece. Clarendon Press.score: 575.0
    The writings collected in this volume make an important addition to The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham. They lend credence to Bentham's claim that his ideas were appropriate `for the use of all nations and all governments professing liberal opinions'. The essays, dating mainly from late 1822 and early 1823, are based exclusively on manuscripts, many of which have not been previously published. -/- Turning his attention towards the Mediterranean basin, Bentham here attempts to legislate for one Islamic (...)
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  27. Henrik Lübker (2012). The Method of In-Between in the Grotesque and the Works of Leif Lage. Continent 2 (3):170-181.score: 560.0
    “Artworks are not being but a process of becoming” —Theodor W. Adorno, Aesthetic Theory In the everyday use of the concept, saying that something is grotesque rarely implies anything other than saying that something is a bit outside of the normal structure of language or meaning – that something is a peculiarity. But in its historical use the concept has often had more far reaching connotations. In different phases of history the grotesque has manifested its forms as a means of (...)
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  28. Leonid Grinin (2009). The Pathways of Politogenesis and Models of the Early State Formation. Social Evolution and History 8 (1):92-132.score: 556.0
    This article considers concrete manifestations of the politogenesis multilinearity and the variation of its forms; it analyzes the main causes that determined the politogenetic pathway of a given society. The respective factors include the polity's size, its ecological and social environment. The politogenesis should be never reduced to the only one evolutionary pathway leading to the statehood. The early state formation was only one of many versions of development of complex late archaic social systems. The author designates various complex (...)
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  29. Moria J. Smoski Lihong Wang, Natalie Paul, Steven J. Stanton, Jeffrey M. Greeson (2013). Loss of Sustained Activity in the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex in Response to Repeated Stress in Individuals with Early-Life Emotional Abuse: Implications for Depression Vulnerability. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 540.0
    Repeated psychosocial stress in early life has significant impact on both behavior and neural function which, together, increase vulnerability to depression. However, neural mechanisms related to repeated stress remain unclear. We hypothesize that early-life stress may result in a reduced capacity for cognitive control in response to a repeated stressor, particularly in individuals who developed maladaptive emotional processing strategies, namely trait rumination. Individuals who encountered early-life stress but have adaptive emotional processing, namely trait mindfulness, may demonstrate an (...)
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  30. Peter Schroder (2012). Carl Schmitts Appropriation of the Early Modern European Tradition of Political Thought on the State and Interstate Relations. History of Political Thought 33 (2):348-371.score: 532.0
    Carl Schmitt (1888-1985) appropriated the early modern tradition of political thought to his own juridical and political writings. By examining Schmitt's use of this tradition, it is possible to decipher the structure of his own political philosophy and better understand his polemic. This article therefore discusses the key sources and concepts that informed his understanding of the state and interstate relations. The main focus is on Schmitt's engagement with Hobbes, Bodin and Gentili. It becomes clear that Schmitt's appropriation of (...)
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  31. Leslie Friedman Goldstein (1996). Centrifugal States and Centripetal Courts: Early State Reaction to European Court of Justice (1958–1994) and U.S. Supreme Court (1789–1860). [REVIEW] The European Legacy 1 (2):703-709.score: 528.0
    (1996). Centrifugal states and Centripetal Courts: Early state reaction to European Court of Justice (1958–1994) and U.S. Supreme Court (1789–1860) The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 703-709.
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  32. Ian W. Duncanson (2009). Reading for Law and the State: Theaters of Problematization and Authority. [REVIEW] International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 22 (3):321-342.score: 526.0
    Constructing a particular nation, that of early modern England, is seen here as a series of theatrical performances. Shakespeare’s work is taken as a series of thought experiments. Some, like The Merchant of Venice, are reassuring that threatening circumstances and innovatory social practices are capable of being overcome or assimilated from the unknown to the known. Some, like King Lear and Hamlet, ponder the consequences of a failure to discover a resolution. Some writers have argued that England was historically (...)
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  33. Matthew Kieran (2010). Teaching & Learning Guide For: Art, Morality and Ethics: On the (Im)Moral Character of Art Works and Inter-Relations to Artistic Value. Philosophy Compass 5 (5):426-431.score: 520.0
    Up until fairly recently it was philosophical orthodoxy – at least within analytic aesthetics broadly construed – to hold that the appreciation and evaluation of works as art and moral considerations pertaining to them are conceptually distinct. However, following on from the idea that artistic value is broader than aesthetic value, the last 15 years has seen an explosion of interest in exploring possible inter-relations between the appreciative and ethical character of works as art. Consideration of these issues (...)
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  34. Jan Narveson (1992). Libertarianism, Postlibertarianism, and the Welfare State: Reply to Friedman. Critical Review 6 (1):45-82.score: 516.0
    Jeffrey Friedman broaches a number of criticisms of Libertarianism as a conceptual basis for opposing the extensive modern welfare state, examining several variants and concluding that they are fundamentally unsupported. He opts for a ?consequentialist? view of foundations. Nevertheless, he thinks that the modem welfare state is subject to effective critique along such lines. But rational contractarian individualism works and does provide foundations for libertarianism, while ?consequentialism? is an ill?defined theory.that is quite unpromising for the proposed critique; nevertheless, Friedman's (...)
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  35. William C. Hine (1992). South Carolina's Challenge to Civil Rights: The Case of South Carolina State College, 1945–1954. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 9 (1):38-50.score: 516.0
    South Carolina State College was founded in 1896. As one of the Black institutions taking advantage of the Second Morrill Act of 1890, a large portion of the college's limited financial resources, its energies, and its programs were devoted to training students in agriculture, home economics, vocational trades, and in the education of teachers. These curriculums were considered appropriate for young Black men and women in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.When the civil rights movement began to challenge (...)
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  36. Leonid Grinin (2004). Early State and Democracy. In Leonid Grinin, Robert Carneiro, Dmitri Bondarenko, Nikolay Kradin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues. ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House. 419--463.score: 488.0
    The present article is devoted to the problem which is debated actively to-day, namely whether Greek poleis and the Roman Republic were early states or they represented a specific type of stateless societies. In particular, Moshe Berent examines this problem by the example of Athens in his contribution to this volume. He arrives at the conclusion that Athens was a stateless society. However, I am of the opinion that this conclusion is wrong: and I believe that Athens and Rome (...)
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  37. Lijana Štarienė (2010). Cudak V. Lithuania and the European Court of Human Rights Approach to the State Immunity Doctrine. Jurisprudence 120 (2):159-175.score: 486.0
    The application of the state immunity doctrine with regard to the guarantee of access to court in the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights has been proved to be a complicated issue. In the ECHR’s case-law before the case Cudak v. Lithuania, the application of the state immunity doctrine had been considered as a proportionate restriction of the right of access to court even in cases of the realization of the protection of the jus cogens norm which was (...)
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  38. Daniel J. Povinelli (2000). Folk Physics for Apes: The Chimpanzee's Theory of How the World Works. Oxford University Press.score: 485.0
    From an early age, humans know a surprising amount about basic physical principles, such as gravity, force, mass, and shape. We can see this in the way that young children play, and manipulate objects around them. The same behaviour has long been observed in primates - chimpanzees have been shown to possess a remarkable ability to make and use simple tools. But what does this tell us about their inner mental state - do they therefore share the same understanding (...)
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  39. Tuncay Saygin (2008). “SECULARISM” FROM THE LAST YEARS OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE TO THE EARLY TURKISH REPUBLIC. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (20):26-78.score: 484.0
    The main aim of this article is to discuss both the concept of secularism among the Ottoman intellectuals and the principle of secularism during the period of the Turkish Republic based on ideas rather than practice. We can analyze “secularism in Turkey” in two separate periods of time: First, “The Ottoman Empire and Secularism” which discusses the ideas of secularism before the foundation of the Turkish Republic, and second “A Brief Analysis of the Turkish Republic and the Principle of Secularism” (...)
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  40. Mark Tunick (2013). Hegel and the Consecrated States. In Angelica Nuzzo (ed.), Hegel on Religion and Politics. SUNY Press. 19.score: 465.0
    Edmund Burke characterizes the state as consecrated, or sacred. There is a sense in which Hegel, too, consecrates the state: Hegel says the state is based on religion and that to preserve the state, religion “must be carried into it, in buckets and bushels.” This paper discusses the sense in which Hegel’s state is consecrated by juxtaposing his views with Burke’s. Both Burke and Hegel reject the theory of the divine right of kings, while recognizing religion’s ability to connect people (...)
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  41. Otto Friedrich von Gierke (1950/2001). Natural Law and the Theory of Society, 1500 to 1800. Lawbook Exchange.score: 452.0
    When this edition was published, all competent students of the history of jurisprudence and political thought at once recognized that Professor Barker had made ...
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  42. Henk Nellen (2012). On the Occasion of the Acquisition of the First Edition of De Iure Belli Ac Pacis by the Peace Palace Library. Grotiana 33 (1):1-21.score: 450.0
    In November 2010, the Library of the Peace Palace in The Hague acquired a copy of Hugo Grotius’s seminal study on the law of war, De iure belli ac pacis (Paris: Nicolas Buon, 1625). The purchase represents the very rare first state (issue or printing) of the first edition, item no. 565-I in the well-known bibliography of Grotius’s works by Jacob Ter Meulen and P.J.J. Diermanse. This article is an adapted version of a speech held in the Peace Palace (...)
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  43. Shlomo Avineri (1972). Hegel's Theory of the Modern State. London,Cambridge University Press.score: 440.0
    The first full-length study in English of Hegel's political philosophy. In order to present an overall view of the development of Hegel's political thinking the author has drawn on Hegel's philosophical works, his political tracts and his personal correspondence. Professor Avineri shows that although Hegel is primarily thought of as a philosopher of the state, he was much concerned with social problems and his concept of the state must be understood in this context.
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  44. Hye Young Won (2008). The Psychic Power of Buddha in the Early Buddhism Community. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 6:287-288.score: 439.3
    The author of this paper aimed to understand the early Buddhism community in its entirety by examining the individual episodes in the "Mahavagga". There is a remarkable experience of the psychic power between the Buddha and the Brahmins. They are both aware of coming across of psychic forces that entered the way to the Buddhist Community. Using the brahmins mythology as a instrument for missionary work, the early Buddhism brings people close to Buddha's community. The Buddha visited Uruvela-Kassapa (...)
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  45. Kristina Miliauskaitė & Gintaras Šapoka (2009). Civil Society as the Guarantee of Existence of the Legal State: Experience of Lithuania in 1918-1940. Jurisprudence 115 (1):183-198.score: 436.0
    The paper deals with mutual conditionality of existence between the civil society and legal state. The paper is based on the 1918-1940 doctrine of independent Lithuania, the models of the legal state and the tentative models of the civil society created at that time. In the first part of the article, the concept of the legal state is discussed. In terms of creation of the model of the legal state, M. Romeris works are of exceptional importance. It his (...), M. Romeris related the legal state in essence with the legal, procedural system for ensuring the lawfulness. On the basis of works of European scholars of the 19th–20th centuries, M. Romeris conducted a critical analysis of the legal state and elucidated its most significant traits. It is notable that M. Romeris was able to make a correct insight into the strategy of advancing towards the legal state. (shrink)
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  46. Wiebke Denecke (2010). The Dynamics of Masters Literature: Early Chinese Thought From Confucius to Han Feizi. Distributed by Harvard University Press.score: 432.0
    Introduction: Chinese philosophy and the translation of disciplines -- The faces of masters literature until the Eastern Han -- Scenes of instruction and master bodies in the Analects -- From scenes of instruction to scenes of construction: Mozi -- Interiority, human nature, and exegesis in Mencius -- Authorship, human nature, and persuasion in Xunzi -- The race for precedence: polemics and the vacuum of traditions in Laozi -- Zhuangzi and the art of negation -- The self-regulating state, paranoia, and rhetoric (...)
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  47. Ralph Weber (2013). “How to Compare?” – On the Methodological State of Comparative Philosophy. Philosophy Compass 8 (7):593-603.score: 432.0
    From early on, comparative philosophy has had on offer a high variety of goals, approaches and methodologies. Such high variety is still today a trademark of the discipline, and it is not uncommon of representatives of one camp in comparative philosophy to think of those in other camps as not really being about ‘comparative philosophy’. Much of the disagreement arguably has to do with methodological problems related to the concept of comparison and with the widely prevailing but unwarranted assumption (...)
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  48. Celia E. Schultz (2008). Wildfang (R.L.) Rome's Vestal Virgins. A Study of Rome's Vestal Priestesses in the Late Republic and Early Empire. Pp. Xiv + 158, Ills. London and New York: Routledge, 2006. Paper, £19.99, US$35.95 (Cased, £60, US$110). ISBN: 0-415-39796-0 (0-415-39795-2 Hbk). Martini (M.C.) Le Vestali. Un Sacerdozio Funzionale Al 'Cosmo' Romano. (Collection Latomus 282.) Pp. 264. Brussels: Éditions Latomus, 2004. Paper, €38. ISBN: 2-87031-223-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 58 (01).score: 426.3
    The Vestal Virgins are one of the most famous elements of Roman religion, yet despite their perennial appeal and the importance of some smaller scale studies of the priesthood, the priestesses have not received a monograph-length study since F. Giuzzi, Aspetti giuridici del sacerdozio romano. II sacerdozio di Vesta (Naples, 1968). Now we have books by R.L. Wildfang and M.C. Martini that could not be more different. The former offers a thorough survey of what the sources can tell us about (...)
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  49. Recep Boztemur (2010). Nationalism and Religion in the Formation of Modern State in Turkey and Egypt Until World War I. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (12):27-40.score: 426.3
    This study discusses the formation of national identity and the nation state in the modern Middle East in comparison with Turkey, one of the earlier models of national state formation in the region. The basic aim of the study is to examine the position of religion and religious identity as the source of legitimacy in the modern state. In order to have a better understanding of the relationship between nationalism and religion in the Middle East, the study attempts to look (...)
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  50. Patricia Easton (2009). Teaching & Learning Guide For: What is at Stake in the Cartesian Debates on the Eternal Truths? Philosophy Compass 4 (5):880-884.score: 425.0
    Any study of the 'Scientific Revolution' and particularly Descartes' role in the debates surrounding the conception of nature (atoms and the void v. plenum theory, the role of mathematics and experiment in natural knowledge, the status and derivation of the laws of nature, the eternality and necessity of eternal truths, etc.) should be placed in the philosophical, scientific, theological, and sociological context of its time. Seventeenth-century debates concerning the nature of the eternal truths such as '2 + 2 = 4' (...)
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