Search results for 'State, The Early works to 1800' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jean Bodin (1955/1967). Six Books of the Commonwealth. New York, Barnes & Noble.score: 231.0
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  2. Aleš Havlíček & Filip Karfík (eds.) (1998). The Republic and the Laws of Plato: Proceedings of the First Symposium Platonicum Pragense. Oikoumenh.score: 231.0
     
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  3. Francisco L. Lisi (ed.) (2001). Plato's Laws and its Historical Significance: Selected Papers of the I International Congress on Ancient Thought, Salamanca, 1998. Academia.score: 231.0
     
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  4. Thomas Floyd (1600/1973). The Picture of a Perfit Common Wealth. New York,Da Capo Press.score: 229.0
     
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  5. Edward Forset (1606/1973). A Comparative Discovrse of the Bodies Natvral and Politiqve. New York,Da Capo Press.score: 229.0
     
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  6. Thomas Hobbes (1968). Leviathan. Harmondsworth, Penguin.score: 226.0
    INTRODUCTION ATURE (the art whereby God hath made and governs the world) is bythe art of man, as in many other things, so in this also imitated, ...
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  7. Thomas Hobbes (1651/1969). Leviathan, 1651. Menston, Scolar P..score: 220.0
     
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  8. Thomas Hobbes (1958). Leviathan, Parts One and Two. New York, Liberal Arts Press.score: 220.0
     
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  9. Marsilius (1979). Marsilius of Padua. Arno Press.score: 220.0
    Gewirth, A. Marsilius of Padua and medieval political philosophy. Marsilius, of Padua. Defensor pacis.
     
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  10. Takashi Nakao, Tomoya Matsumoto, Machiko Morita, Daisuke Shimizu, Shinpei Yoshimura, Georg Northoff, Shigeru Morinobu, Yasumasa Okamoto & Shigeto Yamawaki (2013). The Degree of Early Life Stress Predicts Decreased Medial Prefrontal Activations and the Shift From Internally to Externally Guided Decision Making: An Exploratory NIRS Study During Resting State and Self-Oriented Task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 207.0
    Early life stress (ELS), an important risk factor for psychopathology in mental disorders, is associated neuronally with decreased functional connectivity within the default mode network (DMN) in the resting state. Moreover, it is linked with greater deactivation in DMN during a working memory task. Although DMN shows large amplitudes of very-low-frequency oscillations (VLFO) and strong involvement during self-oriented tasks, these features’ relation to ELS remains unclear. Therefore, our preliminary study investigated the relationship between ELS and the degree of frontal (...)
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  11. Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino (1979). De Laicis: Or, the Treatise on Civil Government. Hyperion Press.score: 163.0
  12. Lijana Štarienė (2010). Cudak V. Lithuania and the European Court of Human Rights Approach to the State Immunity Doctrine. Jurisprudence 120 (2):159-175.score: 162.0
    The application of the state immunity doctrine with regard to the guarantee of access to court in the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights has been proved to be a complicated issue. In the ECHR’s case-law before the case Cudak v. Lithuania, the application of the state immunity doctrine had been considered as a proportionate restriction of the right of access to court even in cases of the realization of the protection of the jus cogens norm which was (...)
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  13. Leonid Grinin (2008). Early State, Developed State, Mature State: The Statehood Evolutionary Sequence. Social Evolution and History 7 (1).score: 157.0
    In the theory of the early state it was fundamentally new and important from a methodological point of view to define the early state as a separate stage of evolution essentially different from the following stage, the one of the full-grown or mature state. ‘To reach the early state level is one thing, to develop into a full-blown, or mature state is quite another’ (Claessen and Skalník 1978b: 22). At the same time they (as well as a (...)
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  14. Jochen Clasen (2003). Towards a New Welfare State or Reverting to Type? Some Major Trends in British Social Policy Since the Early 1980s. The European Legacy 8 (5):573-586.score: 150.0
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  15. Konrad Fuchs (1979). From the Graeco-Roman to the Early Medieval Notion of the State. Philosophy and History 12 (2):234-236.score: 147.0
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  16. Colin Brooks (1988). Liberty and Order in Early Modern Europe: The Subject and the State, 1650–1800. History of European Ideas 9 (5):608-609.score: 144.0
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  17. Robert Adams (1993). John A. Alford,“Piers Plowman”: A Guide to the Quotations.(Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 77.) Binghamton, NY: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton, 1992. Pp. Xiii, 153. $9. [REVIEW] Speculum 68 (4):1053-1053.score: 144.0
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  18. Patrick J. Gallacher (1991). Peter Nicholson, An Annotated Index to the Commentary on Gower's “Confessio Amantis.”(Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 62.) Binghamton, NY: Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York, 1989. Pp. Ix, 593. $35. [REVIEW] Speculum 66 (3):668-669.score: 144.0
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  19. Anke Te Heesen (2004). From Natural Historical Investment to State Service: Collectors and Collections of the Berlin Society of Friends of Nature Research, C. 1800. History of Science 42:113-131.score: 144.0
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  20. Leonid Grinin (2009). The Pathways of Politogenesis and Models of the Early State Formation. Social Evolution and History 8 (1):92-132.score: 139.0
    This article considers concrete manifestations of the politogenesis multilinearity and the variation of its forms; it analyzes the main causes that determined the politogenetic pathway of a given society. The respective factors include the polity's size, its ecological and social environment. The politogenesis should be never reduced to the only one evolutionary pathway leading to the statehood. The early state formation was only one of many versions of development of complex late archaic social systems. The author designates various complex (...)
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  21. Mark Alfano (2010). The Tenacity of the Intentional Prior to the Genealogy. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 40:29-46.score: 138.3
    I have argued elsewhere that the psychological aspects of Nietzsche’s later works are best understood from a psychodynamic point of view. Nietzsche holds a view I dubbed the tenacity of the intentional (T): when an intentional state loses its object, a new object replaces the original; the state does not disappear entirely. In this essay I amend and clarify (T) to (T``): When an intentional state with a sub-propositional object loses its object, the affective component of the state persists (...)
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  22. Ralf M. Bader & John Meadowcroft (eds.) (2011). The Cambridge Companion to Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia. Cambridge University Press.score: 137.0
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction Ralf M. Bader and John Meadowcroft; Part I. Morality: 1. Side constraints, Lockean individual rights, and the moral basis of libertarianism Richard Arneson; 2. Are deontological constraints irrational? Michael Otsuka; 3. What we learn from the experience machine Fred Feldman; Part II. Anarchy: 4. Nozickian arguments for the more-than-minimal state Eric Mack; 5. Explanation, justification, and emergent properties - an essay on Nozickian metatheory Gerald Gaus; Part III. State: 6. The right to distribute David Schmidtz; (...)
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  23. Plato (1991). The Republic: The Complete and Unabridged Jowett Translation. Vintage Books.score: 136.0
    Toward the end of the astonishing period of Athenian creativity that furnished Western civilization with the greater part of its intellectual, artistic, and political wealth, Plato wrote The Republic , his discussion of the nature and meaning of justice and of the ideal state and its ruler. All subsequent European thinking about these subjects owes its character, directly or indirectly, to this most famous (and most accessible) of the Platonic dialogues. Although he describes a society that looks to some like (...)
     
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  24. Moria J. Smoski Lihong Wang, Natalie Paul, Steven J. Stanton, Jeffrey M. Greeson (2013). Loss of Sustained Activity in the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex in Response to Repeated Stress in Individuals with Early-Life Emotional Abuse: Implications for Depression Vulnerability. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 135.0
    Repeated psychosocial stress in early life has significant impact on both behavior and neural function which, together, increase vulnerability to depression. However, neural mechanisms related to repeated stress remain unclear. We hypothesize that early-life stress may result in a reduced capacity for cognitive control in response to a repeated stressor, particularly in individuals who developed maladaptive emotional processing strategies, namely trait rumination. Individuals who encountered early-life stress but have adaptive emotional processing, namely trait mindfulness, may demonstrate an (...)
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  25. R. G. Mulgan (1977). Aristotle's Political Theory: An Introduction for Students of Political Theory. Clarendon Press.score: 134.0
    This book aims to provide an introduction to Aristotle's Politics, highlighting the major themes and arguments offered in the scholar's work. It begins with a discussion on what Aristotle perceives as human good, which he had described as the ethical purpose of political science, and how he views the political community, or the polis, as a community of persons formed with a view to some good purpose and a supreme entity in the sense that it is not just one aspect (...)
     
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  26. Gisa Aschersleben Birgit Knudsen, Anne Henning, Kathrin Wunsch, Matthias Weigelt (2012). The End-State Comfort Effect in 3- to 8-Year-Old Children in Two Object Manipulation Tasks. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 133.0
    The aim of the study was to compare 3- to 8-year-old children’s propensity to anticipate a comfortable hand posture at the end of a grasping movement (end-state comfort effect) between two different object manipulation tasks, the bar-transport task and the overturned-glass task. In the bar-transport task, participants were asked to insert a vertically positioned bar into a small opening of a box. In the overturned-glass task, participants were asked to put an overturned glass right-side-up on a coaster. Half of the (...)
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  27. Birgit Knudsen, Anne Henning, Kathrin Wunsch, Matthias Weigelt & Gisa Aschersleben (2012). The End-State Comfort Effect in 3-to 8-Year-Old Children in Two Object Manipulation Tasks. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 133.0
    The aim of the study was to compare 3- to 8-year-old children’s propensity to anticipate a comfortable hand posture at the end of a grasping movement (end-state comfort effect) between two different object manipulation tasks, the bar-transport task and the overturned-glass task. In the bar-transport task, participants were asked to insert a vertically positioned bar into a small opening of a box. In the overturned-glass task, participants were asked to put an overturned glass right-side-up on a coaster. Half of the (...)
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  28. Peter Schroder (2012). Carl Schmitts Appropriation of the Early Modern European Tradition of Political Thought on the State and Interstate Relations. History of Political Thought 33 (2):348-371.score: 133.0
    Carl Schmitt (1888-1985) appropriated the early modern tradition of political thought to his own juridical and political writings. By examining Schmitt's use of this tradition, it is possible to decipher the structure of his own political philosophy and better understand his polemic. This article therefore discusses the key sources and concepts that informed his understanding of the state and interstate relations. The main focus is on Schmitt's engagement with Hobbes, Bodin and Gentili. It becomes clear that Schmitt's appropriation of (...)
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  29. Regina Valutytė (2012). State Liability for the Infringement of the Obligation to Refer for a Preliminary Ruling under the European Convention on Human Rights. Jurisprudence 19 (1):7-20.score: 133.0
    The article deals with the question whether a state might be held liable for the infringement of the European Convention on Human Rights if its national court of last instance fails to implement the obligation to make a reference for a preliminary ruling to the Court of Justice of the European Union under the conditions laid down in Article 267 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and developed in the case-law of the Court. Relying on well-established (...)
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  30. Leslie Friedman Goldstein (1996). Centrifugal States and Centripetal Courts: Early State Reaction to European Court of Justice (1958–1994) and U.S. Supreme Court (1789–1860). [REVIEW] The European Legacy 1 (2):703-709.score: 132.0
    (1996). Centrifugal states and Centripetal Courts: Early state reaction to European Court of Justice (1958–1994) and U.S. Supreme Court (1789–1860) The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 703-709.
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  31. Jevgenij Machovenko (2010). The Contribution of the Non-Aristocratic Communities Law to the Realization of the Law-Governed State Model in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (text only in Lithuanian). Jurisprudence 121 (3):39-53.score: 132.0
    The object of this research is the law created and enforced by different selfgoverning institutions such as the Church, the town, province and village communities in Lithuania in the Middle Ages. The author examines what was the contribution of this law to the realization of the law-governed state model in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The author believes that this problem can be viewed through the prism of the competition of these communities and their law with the aristocratic Lithuanian state (...)
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  32. Matthew Kieran (2010). Teaching & Learning Guide For: Art, Morality and Ethics: On the (Im)Moral Character of Art Works and Inter-Relations to Artistic Value. Philosophy Compass 5 (5):426-431.score: 130.0
    Up until fairly recently it was philosophical orthodoxy – at least within analytic aesthetics broadly construed – to hold that the appreciation and evaluation of works as art and moral considerations pertaining to them are conceptually distinct. However, following on from the idea that artistic value is broader than aesthetic value, the last 15 years has seen an explosion of interest in exploring possible inter-relations between the appreciative and ethical character of works as art. Consideration of these issues (...)
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  33. Jan Narveson (1992). Libertarianism, Postlibertarianism, and the Welfare State: Reply to Friedman. Critical Review 6 (1):45-82.score: 129.0
    Jeffrey Friedman broaches a number of criticisms of Libertarianism as a conceptual basis for opposing the extensive modern welfare state, examining several variants and concluding that they are fundamentally unsupported. He opts for a ?consequentialist? view of foundations. Nevertheless, he thinks that the modem welfare state is subject to effective critique along such lines. But rational contractarian individualism works and does provide foundations for libertarianism, while ?consequentialism? is an ill?defined theory.that is quite unpromising for the proposed critique; nevertheless, Friedman's (...)
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  34. William C. Hine (1992). South Carolina's Challenge to Civil Rights: The Case of South Carolina State College, 1945–1954. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 9 (1):38-50.score: 129.0
    South Carolina State College was founded in 1896. As one of the Black institutions taking advantage of the Second Morrill Act of 1890, a large portion of the college's limited financial resources, its energies, and its programs were devoted to training students in agriculture, home economics, vocational trades, and in the education of teachers. These curriculums were considered appropriate for young Black men and women in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.When the civil rights movement began to challenge (...)
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  35. Joseph Priestley (1993). Political Writings. Cambridge University Press.score: 128.0
    Joseph Priestley (1733-1804) was arguably the most important English theorist to focus on the issue of political liberty during the English Enlightenment. His concept of freedom is of crucial importance to two of the major issues of his day: the right of dissenters to religious toleration, and the right of the American colonists to self-government. Priestley's writings lack a modern edition and this new collection will be the first to render accessible his Essay on First Principles, The Present State of (...)
     
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  36. Yvonne Donders (2011). The Right to Enjoy the Benefits of Scientific Progress: In Search of State Obligations in Relation to Health. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (4):371-381.score: 126.0
    After having received little attention over the past decades, one of the least known human rights—the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications—has had its dust blown off. Although included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)—be it at the very end of both instruments -this right hardly received any attention from States, UN bodies and programmes and academics. The role of science in (...)
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  37. Leonid Grinin (2004). Early State and Democracy. In Leonid Grinin, Robert Carneiro, Dmitri Bondarenko, Nikolay Kradin & Andrey Korotayev (eds.), The Early State, Its Alternatives and Analogues. ‘Uchitel’ Publishing House. 419--463.score: 122.0
    The present article is devoted to the problem which is debated actively to-day, namely whether Greek poleis and the Roman Republic were early states or they represented a specific type of stateless societies. In particular, Moshe Berent examines this problem by the example of Athens in his contribution to this volume. He arrives at the conclusion that Athens was a stateless society. However, I am of the opinion that this conclusion is wrong: and I believe that Athens and Rome (...)
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  38. Tuncay Saygin (2008). “SECULARISM” FROM THE LAST YEARS OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE TO THE EARLY TURKISH REPUBLIC. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (20):26-78.score: 121.0
    The main aim of this article is to discuss both the concept of secularism among the Ottoman intellectuals and the principle of secularism during the period of the Turkish Republic based on ideas rather than practice. We can analyze “secularism in Turkey” in two separate periods of time: First, “The Ottoman Empire and Secularism” which discusses the ideas of secularism before the foundation of the Turkish Republic, and second “A Brief Analysis of the Turkish Republic and the Principle of Secularism” (...)
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  39. Plato (1991/1945). The Republic of Plato. Basic Books (AZ).score: 121.0
    A model for the ideal state includes discussions of the nature and application of justice, the role of the philosopher in society, the goals of education, and the effects of art upon character.
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  40. Aristotle (2007/1973). The Politics of Aristotle. BiblioBazaar, LLC.score: 121.0
    BOOK ONE i EVERY STATE is a community of some kind, and every community is established with a view to some good; for mankind always act in order to obtain ...
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  41. Ian W. Duncanson (2009). Reading for Law and the State: Theaters of Problematization and Authority. [REVIEW] International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 22 (3):321-342.score: 120.0
    Constructing a particular nation, that of early modern England, is seen here as a series of theatrical performances. Shakespeare’s work is taken as a series of thought experiments. Some, like The Merchant of Venice, are reassuring that threatening circumstances and innovatory social practices are capable of being overcome or assimilated from the unknown to the known. Some, like King Lear and Hamlet, ponder the consequences of a failure to discover a resolution. Some writers have argued that England was historically (...)
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  42. Marek Piechowiak (2007). Służebność państwa wobec człowieka i jego praw jako naczelna idea Konstytucji RP z 2 kwietnia 1997 roku – osiągnięcie czy zadanie? [Subordination of the State to the Individual and to Human Rights as a Central Idea of Poland’s Constitution of 2 April 1997: A Goal or an Achievement?]. Przegląd Sejmowy 15 (4 (81)):65-91.score: 119.0
    The article deals with relations between the individual and human rights on the one hand, and the State on the other, in the context of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. The author poses the question whether the idea of subordination of the State to the individual is really a central idea of that constitution. He puts forward many arguments against such suggestion. These arguments relate, above all, to the arrangement of the constitution: a chapter concerning human rights is (...)
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  43. David Saunders & Ian Hunter (2003). Bringing the State to England: Andrew Tooke's Translation of Samuel Pufendorf's 'De Officio Hominis Et Civis'. History of Political Thought 24 (2):218-234.score: 117.0
    Andrew Tooke's 1691 English translation of Samuel Pufendorf's De officio hominis et civis, published as The Whole Duty of Man According to the Law of Nature, brought Pufendorf's manual fo statist natural law into English politics at a moment of temporary equilibrium in the unfinished contest between Crown and Parliament for the rights and powers of sovereignty. Drawing on the authors' re-edition of The Whole Duty of Man, this article describes and analyses a telling instance of how--by translation--the core political (...)
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  44. James Fieser (ed.) (2001). Early Responses to Hume's Writings on Religion. Thoemmes Press.score: 115.5
    In the past 250 years, David Hume probably had a greater impact on the field of philosophy of religion than any other single philosopher. He relentlessly attacked the standard proofs for God's existence, traditional notions of God's nature and divine governance, the connection between morality and religion, and the rationality of belief in miracles. He also advanced radical theories of the origin of religious ideas, grounding such notions in human psychology rather than in divine reality. In the last decade of (...)
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  45. Jukka Varelius (2011). Minimally Conscious State, Human Dignity, and the Significance of Species: A Reply to Kaczor. Neuroethics (Browse Results) 6 (1):85-95.score: 115.0
    Abstract In a recent issue of Neuroethics , I considered whether the notion of human dignity could help us in solving the moral problems the advent of the diagnostic category of minimally conscious state (MCS) has brought forth. I argued that there is no adequate account of what justifies bestowing all MCS patients with the special worth referred to as human dignity. Therefore, I concluded, unless that difficulty can be solved we should resort to other values than human dignity in (...)
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  46. Jeremy Bentham (1990). The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham: Securities Against Misrule and Other Constitutional Writings for Tripoli and Greece. Clarendon Press.score: 115.0
    The writings collected in this volume make an important addition to The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham. They lend credence to Bentham's claim that his ideas were appropriate `for the use of all nations and all governments professing liberal opinions'. The essays, dating mainly from late 1822 and early 1823, are based exclusively on manuscripts, many of which have not been previously published. -/- Turning his attention towards the Mediterranean basin, Bentham here attempts to legislate for one Islamic (...)
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  47. Hadassa A. Noorda (2013). The Principle of Sovereign Equality with Respect to Wars with Non-State Actors. Philosophia 41 (2):337-347.score: 114.0
    The desire to defend a state against attacks by a non-state actor requires thinking about counter-attacking without violating the sovereign equality of the territorial state because targeting a non-state actor on the territory of that state may violate its sovereignty. This paper evaluates the main views on self-defense by states against non-state actors by studying the Just War Theory and argues that self-defense against a non-state actor is allowed if the counter-attack complies with the principle of sovereign equality. Sovereign equality (...)
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  48. Emily Nordmann, Alexandra A. Cleland & Rebecca Bull (2013). Cat Got Your Tongue? Using the Tip‐of‐the‐Tongue State to Investigate Fixed Expressions. Cognitive Science 37 (8):1553-1564.score: 114.0
    Despite the fact that they play a prominent role in everyday speech, the representation and processing of fixed expressions during language production is poorly understood. Here, we report a study investigating the processes underlying fixed expression production. “Tip-of-the-tongue” (TOT) states were elicited for well-known idioms (e.g., hit the nail on the head) and participants were asked to report any information they could regarding the content of the phrase. Participants were able to correctly report individual words for idioms that they could (...)
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  49. L. Syd M. Johnson (2011). The Right to Die in the Minimally Conscious State. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (37):175-178.score: 114.0
    The right to die has for decades been recognised for persons in a vegetative state, but there remains controversy about ending life-sustaining medical treatment for persons in the minimally conscious state (MCS). The controversy is rooted in assumptions about the moral significance of consciousness, and the value of life for patients who are conscious and not terminally ill. This paper evaluates these assumptions in light of evidence that generates concerns about quality of life in the MCS. It is argued that (...)
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  50. Otto Friedrich von Gierke (1950/2001). Natural Law and the Theory of Society, 1500 to 1800. Lawbook Exchange.score: 113.0
    When this edition was published, all competent students of the history of jurisprudence and political thought at once recognized that Professor Barker had made ...
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