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  1. Stathis Psillos, Adding Modality to Ontic Structuralism: An Exploration and Critique.
    Ontic Structural Realism (OSR) gives ontic priority to structures over objects. In its perhaps most extreme form (captured, admittedly, by a slogan) it states that “all that there is, is structure” (da Costa and French 2003, 189). If this is true, if there is nothing but structure(s) in the world, the very idea of contrasting structure to nonstructure loses any force it might have. Actually, if the slogan is right, the very idea of characterising what there is as structure—as opposed (...)
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  2. Stathis Psillos, Causation and Regularity∗.
    c causes e iff i. c is spatiotemporally contiguous to e; ii. e succeeds c in time; and iii. all events of type C (i.e., events that are like c) are regularly followed by (or are constantly conjoined with) events of type E (i.e., events like e).
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  3. Stathis Psillos, From the Caloric Theory of Heat To.
    has been taken as a paradigmatic case of a non-referential scientific term. It is normally used as a vivid example of unfortunate positing of and theorising over unobservable entities.
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  4. Stathis Psillos, Is the History of Science the Wasteland of False Theories?
    Imagine you live in 1823 and you are about to design an advanced course on the theory of heat. About fifty years ago, Lavoisier and Laplace had posited caloric as a material substance—an indestructible fluid of fine particles—which was taken to be the cause of heat and in particular, the cause of the rise of temperature of a body, by being absorbed by the body. No doubt, you rely on the best available theory, which is the caloric theory. In particular, (...)
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  5. Stathis Psillos, Poincaré's Conception of Mechanical Explanation.
    Henri Poincaré’s views on the foundations of mechanics and the nature of mechanical explanation were influenced by the work of two of the most renowned nineteenth century scientists, James Clerk Maxwell and Heinrich Hertz. In order then to unravel Poincaré’s views and own contribution to the subject it is important to see the connection between Maxwell’s and Hertz’s researches on the one hand and Poincaré’s on the other. Consequently, I start this paper with a brief account (...)
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  6. Stathis Psillos, Philosophy of Science.
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  7. Stathis Psillos, Reason and Science.
    Among the many issues that relate to the role of Reason in science, I will focus my attention on two. The first concerns the problem of the justification of scientific method—and of induction in particular, which is the most basic and indispensable ampliative method of science. The second is related to the problem of theory-change in science: how can it be that theory-change is rational? In addressing these two issues (highlighting both their conceptual development and their present status), I will (...)
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  8. Stathis Psillos, Regularities All the Way Down: Thomas Brown's Philosophy of Causation∗.
    Thomas Brown (1778-1820) was one of the tail-enders of the Scottish Enlightenment. He shared with Dugald Stewart (1753-1828) the chair of Moral Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh from 1810 until his premature death in 1820. He is sometimes classed with the Scottish common-sense philosophers and, to some extent at least, his basic philosophical principles were akin to those of the common-sense philosophy. He did, for instance, forfeit the issue of the justification of some of our most basic (...)
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  9. Stathis Psillos, What is Causation?
    When we philosophers think about causation we are primarily interested in what causation is – what exactly is the relation between cause and effect? Or, more or less equivalently, how and in virtue of what is the cause connected to the effect? But we are also interested in an epistemic issue, viz., the possibility of causal knowledge: how, if at all, can causal knowledge be obtained? The two issues are, of course, conceptually distinct – but to many thinkers, there is (...)
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  10. Stathis Psillos, Greece.
    1. I have argued in my (1999, chapter 4) that the no-miracles argument (NMA) should be seen as a grand IBE. The way I read it, NMA is a philosophical argument which aims to defend the reliability of scientific methodology in producing approximately true theories. More specifically, I took it that NMA is a two-part (or two-stage) argument. Here is its structure.
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  11. Stathis Psillos, Scientific Realism with a Humean Face.
    This paper offers an intellectual history of the scientific realism debate during the twentieth century. The telling of the tale will explain the philosophical significance and the prospects of the scientific realism debate, through the major turns it went through. The emphasis will be on the relations between empiricism and scientific realism and on the swing from metaphysics-hostile to metaphysics-friendly versions of realism.
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  12. Stathis Psillos, The a Priori: Between Conventions and Implicit Definitions.
    A thumbnail sketch of the philosophical thinking about the a priori would surely include that it has been dominated by two major approaches: the Kantian absolute conception of it and the Millian-Quinean absolute rejection of it (section 2). Yet, one can find in the literature claims about the existence of a ›functional a priori‹, a ›relative a priori‹, a ›relativised a priori‹ and suchlike. They are all meant to carve a space between the two extremes. An important thought behind the (...)
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  13. Stathis Psillos (2013). Semirealism or Neo-Aristotelianism? Erkenntnis 78 (1):29 - 38.
    Chakravartty claims that science does not imply any specific metaphysical theory of the world. In this sense, science is consistent with both neo-Aristotelianism and neo-Humeanism. But, along with many others, he thinks that a neo-Aristotelian outlook best suits science. In other words, neo-Aristotelianism is supposed to win on the basis of an inference to the best explanation (IBE). I fail to see how IBE can be used to favour neo-Aristotelianism over neo-Humeanism. In this essay, I aim to do two things. (...)
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  14. Stathis Psillos & Martin Curd (eds.) (2013). Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
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  15. Fabio Gironi & Stathis Psillos (2012). Of Realist Turns: A Conversation with Stathis Psillos. Speculations:367-427.
    Interview with Stathis Psillos regarding realism in the philosophy of science and recent realist trends in Continental Philosophy.
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  16. Stathis Psillos (2012). Book Notice. [REVIEW] Metascience 21 (2):505-506.
    Book notice Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9587-4 Authors Stathis Psillos, Department of Philosophy and History of Science, University of Athens, University Campus, 15771 Athens, Greece Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  17. Stathis Psillos (2012). Em defesa do realismo científico. Critica.
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  18. Stathis Psillos (2012). One Cannot Be Just a Little Bit Realist: Putnam and van Fraassen. In James R. Brown (ed.), Philosophy of Science: The Key Thinkers. Continuum Books. 188.
  19. Stathis Psillos (2012). What is General Philosophy of Science? Journal for General Philosophy of Science 43 (1):93-103.
    The very idea of a general philosophy of science relies on the assumption that there is this thing called science—as opposed to the various individual sciences. In this programmatic piece I make a case for the claim that general philosophy of science is the philosophy of science in general or science as such. Part of my narrative makes use of history, for two reasons. First, general philosophy of science is itself characterised by an intellectual tradition which aimed to develop a (...)
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  20. Stathis Psillos (2011). Choosing the Realist Framework. Synthese 180 (2):301 - 316.
    There has been an empiricist tradition in the core of Logical Positivism/Empiricism, starting with Moritz Schlick and ending in Herbert Feigl (via Hans Reichenbach), according to which the world of empiricism need not be a barren place devoid of all the explanatory entities posited by scientific theories. The aim of this paper is to articulate this tradition and to explore ways in which its key elements can find a place in the contemporary debate over scientific realism. It presents a way (...)
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  21. Stathis Psillos (2011). Friedrich Stadler (Ed.): The Present Situation in the Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht: Springer, 2010, 422pp, €139,95 HB. [REVIEW] Metascience 20 (2):415-416.
    Friedrich Stadler (ed.): The present situation in the philosophy of science. Dordrecht: Springer, 2010, 422pp, €139,95 HB Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9461-9 Authors Stathis Psillos, Department of Philosophy and History of Science, University of Athens, University Campus, 15771 Athens, Greece Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  22. Stathis Psillos (2011). Living with the Abstract: Realism and Models. Synthese 180 (1):3 - 17.
    A natural way to think of models is as abstract entities. If theories employ models to represent the world, theories traffic in abstract entities much more widely than is often assumed. This kind of thought seems to create a problem for a scientific realist approach to theories. Scientific realists claim theories should be understood literally. Do they then imply (and are they committed to) the reality of abstract entities? Or are theories simply—and incurably—false (if there are no abstract entities)? Or (...)
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  23. Stathis Psillos (2011). Making Contact with Molecules: On Perrin and Achinstein. In Gregory J. Morgan (ed.), Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein. Oxford University Press. 177.
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  24. Stathis Psillos (2011). Michael Dummett: The Nature and Future of Philosophy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010, Vi+152pp, $19.95 PB. [REVIEW] Metascience 20 (3):597-598.
    Michael Dummett: The nature and future of philosophy. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010, vi+152pp, $19.95 PB Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9460-x Authors Stathis Psillos, Department of Philosophy and History of Science, University of Athens, University Campus, 15771 Athens, Greece Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  25. Stathis Psillos (2011). Moving Molecules Above the Scientific Horizon: On Perrin's Case for Realism. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 42 (2):339-363.
    This paper aims to cast light on the reasons that explain the shift of opinion—from scepticism to realism—concerning the reality of atoms and molecules in the beginning of the twentieth century, in light of Jean Perrin’s theoretical and experimental work on the Brownian movement. The story told has some rather interesting repercussions for the rationality of accepting the reality of explanatory posits. Section 2 presents the key philosophical debate concerning the role and status of explanatory hypotheses c. 1900, focusing on (...)
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  26. Stathis Psillos (2011). On Reichenbach's Argument for Scientific Realism. Synthese 181 (1):23 - 40.
    The aim of this paper is to articulate, discuss in detail and criticise Reichenbach's sophisticated and complex argument for scientific realism. Reichenbach's argument has two parts. The first part aims to show how there can be reasonable belief in unobservable entities, though the truth of claims about them is not given directly in experience. The second part aims to extent the argument of the first part to the case of realism about the external world, conceived of as a world of (...)
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  27. Stathis Psillos (2011). The Idea of Mechanism. In Phyllis McKay Illari Federica Russo (ed.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. 771--788.
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  28. Stathis Psillos (2011). The Scope and Limits of the No Miracles Argument1. In. In Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao Gonzalo, Thomas Uebel, Stephan Hartmann & Marcel Weber (eds.), Explanation, Prediction, and Confirmation. Springer. 23--35.
  29. Stathis Psillos (2010). Scientific Realism: Between Platonism and Nominalism. Philosophy of Science 77 (5):947-958.
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  30. Stathis Psillos (2010). Texts. Philosophy 254.
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  31. Stathis Psillos (2009). An Explorer Upon Untrodden Ground: Peirce on Abduction. In Dov Gabbay (ed.), The Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. 10--117.
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  32. Stathis Psillos (2009). Regularity Theories. In Helen Beebee, Christopher Hitchcock & Peter Menzies (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oup Oxford.
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  33. Stathis Psillos (2009). Scientific Realism and the Rationality of Science. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):681-684.
  34. Martin Curd & Stathis Psillos (eds.) (2008). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
    This indispensable reference source and guide to the major themes, debates, problems and topics in philosophy of science contains fifty-five specially commissioned entries by a leading team of international contributors. Organized into four parts it covers: Historical and Philosophical Context Debates Concepts The Individual Sciences The Companion covers everything students of philosophy of science need to know - from empiricism, explanation and experiment to causation, observation, prediction and more - and contains many helpful features including: a section on the individual (...)
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  35. Stathis Psillos (2008). Carnap and Incommensurability. Philosophical Inquiry 30 (1-2):135-156.
    Relatively recent work on Carnap, based on his published papers and books as well as on his unpublished correspondence and other material, has suggested that Carnap and Kuhn might not have been miles apart when it comes to the issue of theory-change (cf. Earman 1993; Irzik & Grunberg 1995). Two prevailing thoughts are that a) Kuhnian ‘paradigms’ might be taken to be very similar to Carnapian ‘linguistic frameworks’ (cf. Irzik & Grunberg 1995, 286) and b) Kuhnian ‘incommensurability’ between competing paradigms (...)
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  36. Stathis Psillos (2008). Review of Derek Turner, Making Prehistory: Historical Science and the Scientific Realism Debate. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (5).
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  37. Stathis Psillos & Martin Curd (eds.) (2008). Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
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  38. Stathis Psillos & Martin Curd (eds.) (2008). The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. Routledge.
    This indispensable reference source and guide to the major themes, debates, problems and topics in philosophy of science contains fifty-five specially commissioned entries by a leading team of international contributors. Organized into four parts it covers: Historical and Philosophical Context Debates Concepts The Individual Sciences The Companion covers everything students of philosophy of science need to know - from empiricism, explanation and experiment to causation, observation, prediction and more - and contains many helpful features including: a section on the individual (...)
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  39. Stathis Psillos & Mauricio Suárez (2008). First Conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association, 14–17 November, Madrid, Spain. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 39 (1):157 - 159.
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  40. Robin F. Hendry & Stathis Psillos (2007). How to Do Things with Theories: An Interactive View of Language and Models in Science. In Jerzy Brzeziński, Andrzej Klawiter, Theo A. F. Kuipers, Krzysztof Łastowski, Katarzyna Paprzycka & Piotr Przybysz (eds.), The Courage of Doing Philosophy: Essays Dedicated to Leszek Nowak. Rodopi. 123--157.
  41. Stathis Psillos (2007). Causal Explanation and Manipulation. In. In Johannes Persson & Petri Ylikoski (eds.), Rethinking Explanation. Springer. 93--107.
  42. Stathis Psillos, How to Be a Scientific Realist: A Proposal to Empiricists.
    The thought that there is a way to reconcile empiricism with a realist stance towards scientific theories, avoiding instrumentalism and without fearing that this will lead straight to metaphysics, seems very promising. This paper aims to articulate this thought. It consists of two parts. The first (sections 2 and 3) will articulate how empiricism can go for scientific realism without metaphysical anxiety. It will draw on the work of Moritz Schlick, Hans Reichenbach and Herbert Feigl to develop an indispensability argument (...)
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  43. Stathis Psillos (2007). Putting a Bridle on Irrationality : An Appraisal of Van Fraassen's New Epistemology. In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford University Press. 288-319.
    Over the last twenty years, Bas van Fraassen has developed a “new epistemology”: an attempt to sail between Bayesianism and traditional epistemology. He calls his own alternative “voluntarism”. A constant pillar of his thought is the thought that rationality involves permission rather than obligation. The present paper aims to offer an appraisal of van Fraassen’s conception of rationality. In section 2, I review the Bayesian structural conception of rationality and argue that it has been found wanting. In sections 3 and (...)
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  44. Stathis Psillos (2007). Past and Contemporary Perspectives on Explanation. In Theo A. F. Kuipers (ed.), General Philosophy of Science. North Holland. 2007--97.
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  45. Stathis Psillos (2007). The Fine Structure of Inference to the Best Explanation. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (2):441–448.
    Traditionally, philosophers have focused mostly on the logical template of inference. The paradigm-case has been deductive inference, which is topic-neutral and context-insensitive. The study of deductive rules has engendered the search for the Holy Grail: syntactic and topic-neutral accounts of all prima facie reasonable inferential rules. The search has hoped to find rules that are transparent and algorithmic, and whose following will just be a matter of grasping their logical form. Part of the search for the Holy Grail has been (...)
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  46. Stathis Psillos, The Next Best Thing: Causation and Regularity.
    In this paper I articulate RVC with an eye to two things: first, its conceptual development; second, its basic commitments and implications for what causation is. I have chosen to present RVC in a way that respects its historical origins and unravels the steps of its articulation in the face of objections and criticism. It is important for the explication and defence of RVC to see it as a view of causation that emerged in a certain intellectual milieu. RVC has (...)
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  47. Stathis Psillos (2007). Yemina Ben-Menahem, Conventionalism: From Poincare to Quine Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 27 (4):243-245.
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  48. Mikael Karlsson, Andre Kukla, Jarrett Leplin, David Papineau, Stathis Psillos & Howard Sankey (2006). Scientific Realism. In Patrick Greenough & Michael P. Lynch (eds.), Truth and Realism. Oxford University Press.
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  49. Stathis Psillos (2006). Critical Notice: Laws in Nature. Metascience 15:437-69.
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