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  1. Stathos Psillos, Reflections on Conceptual Change.
    in Stella Vosniadou, Aristides Baltas and Xenia Vamvakoussi (eds) Reframing the Conceptual Change Approach in Learning and Instruction 2007 by Elsevier Ltd.
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  2. Stathos Psillos,  .
    means exhaust the insults. This is unfortunate as their attitude turns a useful book, with valuable contributions from a number of writers, into a polemic.
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  3. Stathos Psillos, Analysing Sellars.
    Sellars was one of the few systematic philosophers in the analytic tradition but he never published a magnum opus. Though his profound and complex philosophical endeavours were all tied together into a many-dimensional worldview, the dimensions of this worldview were built bit-bybit throughout his philosophical career. His papers, collections of essays, public lectures and lecture notes deal with almost every philosophical issue. One can easily see in them a megaintellect—a genius—thinking deeply and carefully about hard philosophical problems, taking the reader (...)
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  4. Stathos Psillos, 102 Book Reviews. [REVIEW]
    idea of a mechanical balance, described the volume of exchange of various aggregated commodities, weighted by their price, balanced against the quantity of money in the economy, weighted by the money’ s rate of circulation. Another family of models addressed issues about the gold standard and bimetallism by thinking of quantities of gold and silver as liquids in different connected reservoirs representing, alternatively, bullion and minted coin, and the way the liquids/metal/currency in one reservoir will ¯ ow into others if (...)
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  5. Stathos Psillos, Causality.
    Aristotle (384-322 BC) claimed a sharp distinction between understanding the fact and understanding the reason why (dioti; aitia). Though both types of understanding proceed via deductive syllogism, only the latter is characteristic of science because only the latter is tied to the knowledge of causes. In his Posterior Analytics, Aristotle contrasted the following two instances of deductive syllogism.
     
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  6. Stathos Psillos, Causal Pluralism(.
    There has been no shortage of such conceptual analyses and no shortage of counterexamples to all of them. The counterexamples exploit, at least partly, situations in which we are presumed to have clear intuitions about what causes what, but which intuitions are not being respected by the suggested philosophical analysis. The counterexamples typically lead to a battery of sophisticated attempts to revise or amend the philosophical analysis so that it is saved from refutation. These attempts, typically, either deny the intuitions (...)
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  7. Stathos Psillos, Defending Deductive Nomology.
    In recent years philosophy of science has seen a resurgence of interest in metaphysical issues, especially those concerning laws, causation,and explanation. Although this book takes only the latter two words for its title, it is also about laws of nature. It is divided into three sections: the first is on causation, the second is on laws, and the third is on explanation: this is entirely appropriate because the debates about them are closely related. Ever since Hume argued that causation is (...)
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  8. Stathos Psillos, Inference to the Best Explanation and Bayesianism(.
    Niiniluoto (2003) has offered an incisive and comprehensive review of the recent debates about abduction. There is little on which I disagree with him. So, in this commentary, I shall try to cast some doubts to the attempts to render Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) within a Bayesian framework.
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  9. Stathos Psillos, Philosophy of Science.
    Philosophy of science emerged as a distinctive part of philosophy in the twentieth century. It set its own agenda, the systematic study of the metaphysical and epistemological foundations of science, and acquired its own professional structure, departments and journals. Its defining moment was the meeting (and the clash) of two courses of events: the breakdown of the Kantian philosophical tradition and the crisis in the sciences and mathematics in the beginning of the century. The emergence of the new Frege-Russell logic, (...)
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  10. Stathos Psillos, Philosophy of Science, History Of.
    Philosophy of science emerged as a distinctive part of philosophy in the twentieth century. Its defining moment was the meeting (and the clash) of two courses of events: the breakdown of the Kantian philosophical tradition and the crisis in the sciences and mathematics in the beginning of the century. But what we now call philosophy of science has a rich intellectual history that goes back to the ancient Greeks. It is intimately connected with the efforts made by many thinkers to (...)
     
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  11. Stathos Psillos, Stephen Mumford's Laws in Nature.
    Mumford presents the friends of laws with a Central Dilemma, either horn of which is supposed to be utterly unpalatable. The thrust of the dilemma is this: laws are either external or internal to their instances. If they are external, they cannot govern (or determine) their instances. If they are internal, they cannot govern (or determine) their instances. Ergo, laws cannot govern (or determine) their instances. The role of this dilemma is central to Mumford’s argument against laws: they are supposed (...)
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  12. Stathos Psillos, Scientific Realism Philosophical View About Science That Consists of Three Theses:.
    The Semantic Thesis: Scientific theories should be taken at face-value. They are truthconditioned descriptions of their intended domain, both observable and unobservable. Hence, they are capable of being true or false. The theoretical terms featuring in theories have putative factual reference.
     
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  13. Stathos Psillos, Underdetermination Thesis, Duhem-Quine Thesis.
    Underdetermination is a relation between evidence and theory. More accurately, it is a relation between the propositions that express the (relevant) evidence and the propositions that constitute the theory. Evidence is said to underdetermine theory. This may mean two things. First, the evidence cannot prove the truth of the theory. Second, the evidence cannot render the theory probable. Let’s call the first deductive underdetermination, and the second inductive (or ampliative) underdetermination. Both kinds of claim are supposed to have a certain (...)
     
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  14. Stathos Psillos, ? ?????? ??V ??????? ??? ? ??????? ??? ???????: ??? ????V?? ??? Grundlagen ??V Gottlob Frege(.
    ? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??? Frege ???? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???’ ?v???? ?? ????? ??? ??????. ?? ????? ??v ??????????v ????? ?? ?v?????? ??’ ??? ?? ????? ????? ???????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????. ??? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????????? ????????? ??? ???????????, ???? ???????????? ????v?? ?? ??????????? ???? ???? ?? ?????. ?v?? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???? ????
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  15. Stathos Psillos, What is Causation?(.
    When we philosophers think about causation we are primarily interested in what causation is—what exactly is the relation between cause and effect? Or, more or less equivalently, how and in virtue of what is the cause connected to the effect? But we are also interested in an epistemic issue, viz., the possibility of causal knowledge: how, if at all, can causal knowledge be obtained? The two issues are, of course, conceptually distinct—but to many thinkers, there is a connection between them. (...)
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  16. Stathos Psillos (2002). Causation and Explanation. Acumen.
    This book is copyright under the Berne Convention. No reproduction without permission. All rights reserved.
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  17. Stathos Psillos (2002). Computational Logic: Logic Programming and Beyond : Essays in Honour of Robert A. Kowalski, Part Ii. Springer Berlin.
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  18. Stathos Psillos (2002). Simply the Best: A Case for Abduction. In Computational Logic: Logic Programming and Beyond : Essays in Honour of Robert A. Kowalski, Part Ii. Springer Berlin. 83-93.
    This paper formulates what I think is the basic problem of any attempt to characterise the abstract structure of scientific method, viz., that it has to satisfy two conflicting desiderata: it should be ampliative (contentincreasing) and it should confer epistemic warrant on its outcomes. Then, after two extreme solutions to the problem of the method, viz., Enumerative Induction and the Method of Hypothesis, are examined, the paper argues that abduction, suitably understood as Inference to the Best Explanation, offers the best (...)
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  19. Stathos Psillos (2000). Rudolf Carnap's 'Theoretical Concepts in Science'. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (1):151-172.
    Rudolf Carnap delivered the hitherto unpublished lecture ‘Theoretical Concepts in Science’ at the meeting of the American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division, at Santa Barbara, California, on 29 December 1959. It was part of a symposium on ‘Carnap’s views on Theoretical Concepts in Science’. In the bibliography that appears in the end of the volume, ‘The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap’, edited by Paul Arthur Schilpp, a revised version of this address appears to be among Carnap’s forthcoming papers. But although Carnap started (...)
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  20. Stathos Psillos (2000). The Present State of the Scientific Realism Debate. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (4):705-728.
    In this survey article I try to appraise the present state of the scientific realism debate with an eye to important but hitherto unexplored suggestions and open issues that need further work. In section 2, I shall mostly focus on the relation between scientific realism and truth. In section 3, I shall discuss the grounds for the realists’ epistemic optimism.
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  21. Stathos Psillos, Review of Alan Musgrave, Essays on Realism and Rationalism. [REVIEW]
    Alan Musgrave has been one of the most important philosophers of science in the last quarter of the 20th century. He has exemplified an exceptional combination of clearheaded and profound philosophical thinking. Two seem to be the pillars of his thought: an uncompromising commitment to scientific realism and an equally uncompromising commitment to deductivism. The essays reprinted in this volume (which span a period of 25 years, from 1974 to 1999) testify to these two commitments. (There are two omissions from (...)
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