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  1. Stefan Artmann (2009). Basic Semiosis as Code-Based Control. Biosemiotics 2 (1):31-38.
    Though the formal coherence and empirical utility of Marcello Barbieri’s concept of organic code have been starting to become established, a general conception of how the semantics of organic codes is related to the pragmatics of their use is still missing. Barbieri took a first step towards such a conception by distinguishing three types of semiosis in living systems: manufacturing, signalling, and interpretive semiosis. This paper integrates Barbieri’s distinction into Roman Jakobson’s systematization of possible functions of messages in order to (...)
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  2. Stefan Artmann (2004). Four Principles of Evolutionary Pragmatics in Jacob's Philosophy of Modern Biology. Axiomathes 14 (4):381-395.
    The French molecular biologist François Jacob outlined a theory of evolution as tinkering. From a methodological point of view, his approach can be seen as a biologic specification of the relation between laws, describing coherently the dynamics of a system, and contingent boundary conditions on this dynamics. From a semiotic perspective, tinkering is a pragmatic concept well-known from the information-theoretic anthropology of Claude Lévi-Strauss. In idealized contrast to an engineer, the tinkerer has to accept the concrete restrictions on his material (...)
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  3. Stefan Artmann (2003). Artificial Life as a Structural Science. Philosophia Naturalis 40 (2):183-205.
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  4. Stefan Artmann (2002). Semiootilise määramatuse kolm tüüpi Monod' kaasaegse bioloogia filosoofias. Kokkuvõte. Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):161-161.
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  5. Stefan Artmann (2002). Three Types of Semiotic Indeterminacy in Monod's Philosophy of Modern Biology. Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):149-160.
    Synthesizing important research traditions in information theory, structuralist semiotics, and generative linguistics, at least three main types of semiotic indeterminacy must be distinguished: Kolmogorov’s notion of randomness defined as sequential incompressibility, de Saussure’s principle of contingency of sign which ensures the possibility of translation between different sign systems, and Chomsky’s idea of indefiniteness in generative mechanisms as a requirement for the explanation of semiotic creativity. These types of semiotic indeterminacy form an abstract system useful for the description of concrete sign (...)
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