Search results for 'Stefan Baumann' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Kees van Deemter, Brigitte Krenn, Paul Piwek, Marc Schroeder, Martin Klesen & Stefan Baumann, Fully Generated Scripted Dialogue for Embodied Conversational Agents'.score: 240.0
    (Near-final version.) Accepted for publication in Artificial Intelligence Journal.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Theodor Baumann (1976). Diskussion zum Vortrag von Th. Baumann: Die psychischen Vorgänge bei den Ekstasen und die sogenannte "intellektuelle" Vision Nach den Erlebnisberichten der Teresa von Avila. Archive for the Psychology of Religion 12 (1):146-149.score: 180.0
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Nicola Baumann (2000). Julius Kuhl Nicola Baumann. In Walter J. Perrig & Alexander Grob (eds.), Control of Human Behavior, Mental Processes, and Consciousness: Essays in Honor of the 60th Birthday of August Flammer. Erlbaum. 259.score: 180.0
    No categories
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Peter Baumann (2008). Single-Case Probabilities and the Case of Monty Hall: Levy's View. Synthese 162 (2):265 - 273.score: 120.0
    In Baumann (American Philosophical Quarterly 42: 71–79, 2005) I argued that reflections on a variation of the Monty Hall problem throws a very general skeptical light on the idea of single-case probabilities. Levy (Synthese, forthcoming, 2007) puts forward some interesting objections which I answer here.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Darrell P. Rowbottom & Peter Baumann (2009). To Thine Own Self Be Untrue: A Diagnosis of the Cable Guy Paradox. Logique Et Analyse 51 (204):355-364.score: 30.0
    Hájek has recently presented the following paradox. You are certain that a cable guy will visit you tomorrow between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. but you have no further information about when. And you agree to a bet on whether he will come in the morning interval (8, 12] or in the afternoon interval (12, 4). At first, you have no reason to prefer one possibility rather than the other. But you soon realise that there will definitely be a future (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Peter Baumann (2008). Contextualism and the Factivity Problem. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (3):580–602.score: 30.0
    Epistemological contextualism - the claim that the truth-value of knowledge-attributions can vary with the context of the attributor - has recently faced a whole series of objections. The most serious one, however, has not been discussed much so far: the factivity objection. In this paper, I explain what the objection is and present three different versions of the objection. I then show that there is a good way out for the contextualist. However, in order to solve the problem the contextualist (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Peter Baumann (2011). Empiricism, Stances, and the Problem of Voluntarism. Synthese 178 (1):27-36.score: 30.0
    Classical empiricism leads to notorious problems having to do with the (at least prima facie) lack of an acceptable empiricist justification of empiricism itself. Bas van Fraassen claims that his idea of the “empirical stance” can deal with such problems. I argue, however, that this view entails a very problematic form of voluntarism which comes with the threat of latent irrationality and normative inadequacy. However, there is also a certain element of truth in such a voluntarism. The main difficulty consists (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Pierre Baumann (2010). Are Proper Names Rigid Designators? Axiomathes 20 (2-3):333-346.score: 30.0
    A widely accepted thesis in the philosophy of language is that natural language proper names are rigid designators, and that they are so de jure, or as a matter of the “semantic rules of the language.” This paper questions this claim, arguing that rigidity cannot be plausibly construed as a property of name types and that the alternative, rigidity construed as a property of tokens, means that they cannot be considered rigid de jure; rigidity in this case must be viewed (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Peter Baumann (2010). The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. I – Keith DeRose. Philosophical Quarterly 60 (239):424-427.score: 30.0
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Peter Baumann (2008). Contrastivism Rather Than Something Else? On the Limits of Epistemic Contrastivism. Erkenntnis 69 (2):189 - 200.score: 30.0
    One of the most recent trends in epistemology is contrastivism. It can be characterized as the thesis that knowledge is a ternary relation between a subject, a proposition known and a contrast proposition. According to contrastivism, knowledge attributions have the form “S knows that p, rather than q”. In this paper I raise several problems for contrastivism: it lacks plausibility for many cases of knowledge, is too narrow concerning the third relatum, and overlooks a further relativity of the knowledge relation.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Sean E. Baumann (2005). The Schizophrenias as Disorders of Self Consciousness. South African Psychiatry Review 8 (3):95-99.score: 30.0
  12. P. Baumann (2006). Information, Closure, and Knowledge: On Jäger's Objection to Dretske. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 64 (3):403 - 408.score: 30.0
    Christoph Jäger (2004) argues that Dretske’s information theory of knowledge raises a serious problem for his denial of closure of knowledge under known entailment: Information is closed under known entailment (even under entailment simpliciter); given that Dretske explains the concept of knowledge in terms of “information”, it is hard to stick with his denial of closure for knowledge. Thus, one of the two basic claims of Dretske would have to go. Since giving up the denial of closure would commit Dretske (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Peter Baumann (forthcoming). No Luck With Knowledge? On a Dogma of Epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.score: 30.0
    Current epistemological orthodoxy has it that knowledge is incompatible with luck. More precisely: Knowledge is incompatible with epistemic luck (of a certain, interesting kind). This is often treated as a truism which is not even in need of argumentative support. In this paper, I argue that there is lucky knowledge. In the first part, I use an intuitive and not very developed notion of luck to show that there are cases of knowledge which are “lucky” in that sense. In the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Peter Baumann (2009). Was Moore a Moorean? On Moore and Scepticism. European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):181-200.score: 30.0
  15. Peter Baumann (2010). Factivity and Contextualism. Analysis 70 (1):82-89.score: 30.0
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Peter Baumann (2013). Knowledge and Dogmatism. Philosophical Quarterly 63 (250):1-19.score: 30.0
    There is a sceptical puzzle according to which knowledge appears to license an unacceptable kind of dogmatism. Here is a version of the corresponding sceptical argument: (1) If a subject S knows a proposition p, then it is OK for S to ignore all evidence against p as misleading; (2) It is never OK for any subject to ignore any evidence against their beliefs as misleading; (3) Hence, nobody knows anything.I distinguish between different versions of the puzzle (mainly a ‘permissibility’ (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. C. Baumann (2011). Adorno, Hegel and the Concrete Universal. Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (1):73-94.score: 30.0
    The core argument of this article is that Adorno adopts the distinction between an abstract and a concrete universal from Hegel and criticizes Hegel, on that basis, as abstract. The first two parts of the article outline that both thinkers take the abstract universal to be the form of a false type of knowledge and society, and the concrete universal to be a positive aim. However, as the third part argues, Adorno rejects how the concrete universal is understood in Hegel’s (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Peter Baumann (2008). Problems for Sinnott-Armstrong's Moral Contrastivism. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (232):463–470.score: 30.0
    In his recent book Moral Skepticisms Walter Sinnott-Armstrong argues in great detail for contrastivism with respect to justified moral belief and moral knowledge. I raise three questions concerning this view. First, how would Sinnott-Armstrong account for constraints on admissible contrast classes? Secondly, how would he deal with notorious problems concerning relevant reference classes? Finally, how can he account for basic features of moral agency? It turns out that the last problem is the most serious one for his account.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Peter Baumann (2007). Experiencing Things Together: What is the Problem? [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 66 (1-2):9 - 26.score: 30.0
    Suppose someone hears a loud noise and at the same time sees a yellow flash. It seems hard to deny that the person can experience loudness and yellowness together. However, since loudness is experienced by the auditory sense whereas yellowness is experienced by the visual sense it also seems hard to explain how.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Peter Baumann (2009). Counting on Numbers. Analysis 69 (3):446-448.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Peter Baumann (2011). A Puzzle About Responsibility. Erkenntnis 74 (2):207-224.score: 30.0
    This paper presents a puzzle about moral responsibility. The problem is based upon the indeterminacy of relevant reference classes as applied to action. After discussing and rejecting a very tempting response I propose moral contextualism instead, that is, the idea that the truth value of judgments of the form S is morally responsible for x depends on and varies with the context of the attributor who makes that judgment. Even if this reply should not do all the expected work it (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Peter Baumann (2009). Reliabilism—Modal, Probabilistic or Contextualist. Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):77-89.score: 30.0
    This paper discusses two versions of reliabilism: modal and probabilistic reliabilism. Modal reliabilism faces the problem of the missing closeness metric for possible worlds while probalistic reliabilism faces the problem of the relevant reference class. Despite the severity of these problems, reliabilism is still very plausible (also for independent reasons). I propose to stick with reliabilism, propose a contextualist (or, alternatively, harmlessly relativist) solution to the above problems and suggest that probabilistic reliabilism has the advantage over modal reliabilism.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Peter Baumann (2005). Varieties of Contextualism: Standards and Descriptions. Grazer Philosophische Studien 69 (1):229-246.score: 30.0
    Most contextualists agree that contexts differ with respect to relevant epistemic standards. In this paper, I discuss the idea that the difference between more modest and stricter standards should be explained in terms of the closeness or remoteness of relevant possible worlds. I argue that there are serious problems with this version of contextualism. In the second part of the paper, I argue for another form of contextualism that has little to do with standards and a lot with the well-known (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Peter Baumann (2010). The Case for Contexualism. Analysis 70 (1):149-160.score: 30.0
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Pierre Baumann (2011). What Does Kripke Mean by "a Priori&Quot;? Diametros 28 (28):1-7.score: 30.0
    This paper argues that Kripke's claim that there are contingent a priori truths would be vitiated by a seemingly unorthodox understanding of the term "a priori".
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Peter Baumann (2004). Lotteries and Contexts. Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):415 - 428.score: 30.0
    There are many ordinary propositions we think we know. Almost every ordinary proposition entails some lottery proposition which we think we do not know but to which we assign a high probability of being true (for instance:I will never be a multi-millionaire entails I will not win this lottery). How is this possible – given that some closure principle is true? This problem, also known as the Lottery puzzle, has recently provoked a lot of discussion. In this paper I discuss (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Peter Baumann (2011). WAMs: Why Worry? Philosophical Papers 40 (2):155 - 177.score: 30.0
    Abstract One of the most popular objections against epistemic contextualism is the so-called ?warranted assertability? objection. The objection is based on the possibility of a ?warranted assertability manoeuvre?, also known as a WAM. I argue here that WAMs are of very limited scope and importance. An important class of cases cannot be dealt with by WAMs. No analogue of WAMs is available for these cases. One should thus not take WAMs too seriously in the debate about epistemic contextualism.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Peter Baumann (2007). Persons, Human Beings, and Respect. Polish Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):5-17.score: 30.0
    Human dignity seems very important to us. At the same time, the concept ‘human dignity’ is extrordinarily elusive. A good way to approach the questions “What is it?” and “Why is it important?” is to raise another question first: In virtue of what do human beings have dignity? Speciesism - the idea that human beings have a particular dignity because they are humans - does not seem very convincing. A better answer says that human beings have dignity because and insofar (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Peter Baumann (2005). Theory Choice and the Intransitivity of 'Is a Better Theory Than'. Philosophy of Science 72 (1):231-240.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Peter Baumann (1998). Can Reliabilitists Believe in Subjective Probability? Philosophical Quarterly 48 (191):199-200.score: 30.0
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Peter Baumann (2012). On the Inflation of Necessities. Metaphysica 13 (1):51-54.score: 30.0
    This paper argues that Kripke’s thesis of the necessity of origin has some implausible consequences.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Peter Baumann (2013). Philosophy Upside Down? Metaphilosophy 44 (5):579-588.score: 30.0
    Philip Kitcher recently argued for a reconstruction in philosophy. According to him, the contemporary mainstream of philosophy (in the English-speaking world, at least) has deteriorated into something that is of relevance only to a few specialists who communicate with each other in a language nobody else understands. Kitcher proposes to reconstruct philosophy along two axes: a knowledge axis (with a focus on the sciences) and a value axis. The present article discusses Kitcher's diagnosis as well as his proposal of a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Peter Baumann & Monika Betzler (eds.) (2004). Practical Conflicts: New Philosophical Essays. Cambridge.score: 30.0
    Practical conflicts pervade human life. Agents have many different desires, goals, and commitments, all of which can come into conflict with each other. How can practical reasoning help to resolve these practical conflicts? In this collection of new essays a distinguished roster of philosophers analyze the diverse forms of practical conflict. Their aim is to establish an understanding of the sources of these conflicts, to investigate the challenge they pose to an adequate conception of practical reasoning, and to assess the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Antoine Baumann, Frederique Claudot, Gerard Audibert, Paul-Michel Mertes & Louis Puybasset (2011). The Ethical and Legal Aspects of Palliative Sedation in Severely Brain Injured Patients: A French Perspective. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6 (1):4-.score: 30.0
    To fulfill their crucial duty of relieving suffering in their patients, physicians may have to administer palliative sedation when they implement treatment-limitation decisions such as the withdrawal of life-supporting interventions in patients with poor prognosis chronic severe brain injury. The issue of palliative sedation deserves particular attention in adults with serious brain injuries and in neonates with severe and irreversible brain lesions, who are unable to express pain or to state their wishes. In France, treatment limitation decisions for these patients (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Pierre Baumann (2010). Kripke's Critique of Descriptivism Revisited. Princípios 17 (27):167-201.score: 30.0
    This paper has two purposes: the first is to critically examine Kripke’s well-known arguments against Descriptivism and suggest that they are not as decisive as many have thought; the second is to argue that proper names do encode descriptive information of various kinds, that such information may be truth-conditionally significant, and hence that a name’s truth-conditional contribution is not limited to its referent.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Peter Baumann (2005). Hume Variations. Philosophical Books 46 (3):246-253.score: 30.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Dorothée Baumann (2006). Global Rules and Private Actors. Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (4):505-532.score: 30.0
    We discuss the role that transnational corporations (TNCs) should play in developing global governance, creating a frameworkof rules and regulations for the global economy. The central issue is whether TNCs should provide global rules and guarantee individual citizenship rights, or instead focus on maximizing profits. First, we describe the problems arising from the globalization process that affect the relationship between public rules and private firms. Next we consider the position of economic and management theories in relation to the social responsibility (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Peter Baumann (2004). On the Subtleties of Reidian Pragmatism: A Reply to Magnus. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 2 (1):73-77.score: 30.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Peter Baumann (2011). Reid on Ethics – Sabine Roeser. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 61 (245):856-859.score: 30.0
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Peter Baumann (1996). Davidson on Sharing a Language and Correct Language-Use. Grazer Philosophische Studien 52:137-160.score: 30.0
    Donald Davidson has argued against a thesis that is widely shared in the philosophy of language, e.g., by Wittgenstein, Dummett and Kripke: the thesis that successful communication requires that speaker and hearer share a common language. Davidson's arguments, however, are not convincing. Moreover, Davidson's own positive account of communication poses a serious problem: it cannot offer criteria for the correct use of a language, especially in the case of a language that only one speaker speaks. Even though Davidson's own position (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. A. Baumann, G. Audibert, C. G. Lafaye, L. Puybasset, P. -M. Mertes & F. Claudot (2013). Elective Non-Therapeutic Intensive Care and the Four Principles of Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (3):139-142.score: 30.0
    The chronic worldwide lack of organs for transplantation and the continuing improvement of strategies for in situ organ preservation have led to renewed interest in elective non-therapeutic ventilation of potential organ donors. Two types of situation may be eligible for elective intensive care: patients definitely evolving towards brain death and patients suitable as controlled non-heart beating organ donors after life-supporting therapies have been assessed as futile and withdrawn. Assessment of the ethical acceptability and the risks of these strategies is essential. (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Bob Plant & Peter Baumann (2006). The Wittgenstein Archive. Philosophy Now 58:26-27.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Peter Baumann (2010). Mind and World, John Mcdowell. Principia 2 (1):135-144.score: 30.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Peter Baumann (1994). Zwei Seiten der Kantschen Begründung von Eigentum und Staat. Kant-Studien 85 (2):147-159.score: 30.0
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. P. Baumann (2009). Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood, by Simon Evnine. Mind 118 (471):823-827.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Peter Baumann (2005). Gerhard Ernst: Das Problem Des Wissens, Paderborn: Mentis 2002. Grazer Philosophische Studien 68 (1):221-223.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Peter Baumann (2001). Ist der Begriff des Wissens inkohärent? Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 55 (4):594 - 601.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Johann A. R. Roduit, Holger Baumann & Jan-Christoph Heilinger (2013). Human Enhancement and Perfection. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (10):647-650.score: 30.0
    Both, bioconservatives and bioliberals, should seek a discussion about ideas of human perfection, making explicit their underlying assumptions about what makes for a good human life. This is relevant, because these basic, and often implicit ideas, inform and influence judgements and choices about human enhancement interventions. Both neglect, and polemical but inconsistent use of the complex ideas of perfection are leading to confusion within the ethical debate about human enhancement interventions, that can be avoided by tackling the notion of perfection (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Jin Joo Lee, Brad Knox, Jolie Baumann, Cynthia Breazeal & David DeSteno (2013). Computationally Modeling Interpersonal Trust. Frontiers in Psychology 4:893.score: 30.0
    We present a computational model capable of predicting—above human accuracy—the degree of trust a person has toward their novel partner by observing the trust-related nonverbal cues expressed in their social interaction. We summarize our prior work, in which we identify nonverbal cues that signal untrustworthy behavior and also demonstrate the human mind’s readiness to interpret those cues to assess the trustworthiness of a social robot. We demonstrate that domain knowledge gained from our prior work using human-subjects experiments, when incorporated into (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Peter Baumann (1996). Influencing the Will of Another Person. Social Philosophy Today 12:25-40.score: 30.0
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000