Search results for 'Stephan Schmidt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stephan Schmidt (2011). Mou Zongsan, Hegel, and Kant: The Quest for Confucian Modernity. Philosophy East and West 61 (2):260-302.score: 120.0
    Many historians of philosophy, with all their intended praise, let the philosophers speak mere nonsense. They do not guess the purpose of the philosophers.… They cannot see beyond what the philosophers actually said, to what they really meant to say.Mou Zongsan (1909–1995) is one of the key figures of contemporary New Confucianism (當代新儒家) who to this day remains largely unknown and grossly understudied in the West.1 This neglect by the Western academy contrasts sharply with the ever-growing output of literature by (...)
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  2. Adam Jankowski, Robert Lettner, Burghart Schmidt, Dieter Ronte, Anne Marie Freybourg & Philipp Stadler (eds.) (2010). Adam Jankowski, Robert Lettner, Burghart Schmidt: Philosophie der Landschaft: Zwischen Denken Und Bild. Jovis.score: 120.0
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  3. Boris Konev, Renate Schmidt & Stephan Schulz (2012). Foreword. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 16 (1-2):7-8.score: 120.0
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  4. Helmut Schmidt (1987). Alcock's Critique of Schmidt's Experiments. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):609.score: 120.0
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  5. Stephan Schmidt (2005). Die Herausforderung des Fremden: Interkulturelle Hermeneutik Und Konfuzianisches Denken. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.score: 120.0
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  6. Alfred Schmidt, Wolfgang Jordan & Michael Jeske (eds.) (2006). Für Einen Realen Humanismus: Festschrift Zum 75. Geburtstag von Alfred Schmidt. Lang.score: 120.0
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  7. Heiner Roetz (2010). Huang, Chun-Chieh, Konfuzianismus: Kontinuität Und Entwicklung: Studien Zur Chinesischen Geistesgeschichte (Confucianism: Continuity and Development: Studies in Chinese Intellectual History), Edited and Translated by Stephan Schmidt. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (4):477-480.score: 60.0
    Huang, Chun-chieh, Konfuzianismus: Kontinuität und Entwicklung: Studien zur chinesischen Geistesgeschichte (Confucianism: Continuity and Development: Studies in Chinese Intellectual History), Edited and translated by Stephan Schmidt Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11712-010-9191-0 Authors Heiner Roetz, Faculty of East Asian Studies, Ruhr University, 44780 Bochum, Germany Journal Dao Online ISSN 1569-7274 Print ISSN 1540-3009 Journal Volume Volume 9 Journal Issue Volume 9, Number 4.
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  8. Ella Schmidt (2011). Equality in Difference: Hierarchical Multiculturalism and Membership Illusions. [REVIEW] Human Studies 34 (4):489-494.score: 60.0
    Equality in Difference: Hierarchical Multiculturalism and Membership Illusions Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 489-494 DOI 10.1007/s10746-011-9193-x Authors Ella Schmidt, Department of Anthropology, Criminology, and Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, University of South Florida-St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, FL, USA Journal Human Studies Online ISSN 1572-851X Print ISSN 0163-8548 Journal Volume Volume 34 Journal Issue Volume 34, Number 4.
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  9. Richard A. Schmidt & Douglas Young (2010). Cars Gone Wild: The Major Contributor to Unintended Acceleration in Automobiles is Pedal Error. Frontiers in Psychology 1.score: 60.0
    “Unintended-acceleration” automobile accidents typically begin when the driver first enters the car, starts the engine, and intends to press his/her right foot on the brake while shifting from Park to a drive gear (Drive or Reverse). The driver reports an unintended (uncommanded) full-throttle acceleration, coupled with a loss of braking, until the episode ends in a crash. Pedal misapplications--where the right foot contacts the accelerator instead of the brake that was intended--have been linked to these accidents (Schmidt, 1989, 1993) (...)
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  10. Erica Cruikshank Dodd (2009). Andrea Schmidt and Stephan Westphalen, Eds., Christliche Wandmalereien in Syrien: Qara Und Das Kloster Mar Yakub. With Contributions by Sebastian Brock, Mat Immerzeel, and Christine Strube.(Sprachen Und Kulturen des Christlichen Orients, 14.) Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2005. Pp. 241 Plus 26 Black-and-White and Color Plates; 44 Black-and-White Figures and 1 Table.€ 89. [REVIEW] Speculum 84 (3):769-771.score: 36.0
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  11. Achim Stephan (2002). Emergentism, Irreducibility, and Downward Causation. Grazer Philosophische Studien 65 (1):77-93.score: 30.0
    Several theories of emergence will be distinguished. In particular, these are synchronic, diachronic, and weak versions of emergence. While the weaker theories are compatible with property reductionism, synchronic emergentism and strong versions of diachronic emergentism are not. Synchronice mergentism is of particular interest for the discussion of downward causation. For such a theory, a system's property is taken to be emergent if it is irreducible, i.e., if it is not reductively explainable. Furthermore, we have to distinguish two different types of (...)
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  12. Kirsten Schmidt (2011). Concepts of Animal Welfare in Relation to Positions in Animal Ethics. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (2):153-171.score: 30.0
    When animal ethicists deal with welfare they seem to face a dilemma: On the one hand, they recognize the necessity of welfare concepts for their ethical approaches. On the other hand, many animal ethicists do not want to be considered reformist welfarists. Moreover, animal welfare scientists may feel pressed by moral demands for a fundamental change in our attitude towards animals. The analysis of this conflict from the perspective of animal ethics shows that animal welfare science and animal ethics highly (...)
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  13. Achim Stephan (2006). The Dual Role of 'Emergence' in the Philosophy of Mind and in Cognitive Science. Synthese 151 (3):485-498.score: 30.0
    The concept of emergence is widely used in both the philosophy of mind and in cognitive science. In the philosophy of mind it serves to refer to seemingly irreducible phenomena, in cognitive science it is often used to refer to phenomena not explicitly programmed. There is no unique concept of emergence available that serves both purposes.
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  14. Barry Z. Posner & Warren H. Schmidt (1993). Values Congruence and Differences Between the Interplay of Personal and Organizational Value Systems. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (5):341 - 347.score: 30.0
    Following the research of Liedtka (1989), this paper examines the impact of her values congruence model on managers'' work attitudes and perceptions of ethical practices within their firms. A nationwide cross-section of managers (N=1,059) provides the sample for the study. Consonance or clarity about both personal value systems and organizational value systems were found to be more important and, in the absence of one or the other, clarity of personal values were shown to have a more positive impact than organizational (...)
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  15. Paul F. Schmidt (1955). Some Criticisms of Cultural Relativism. Journal of Philosophy 52 (25):780-791.score: 30.0
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  16. Martin Schmidt (2008). On Spacetime, Points, and Bare Particulars. Metaphysica 9 (1):69-77.score: 30.0
    In his paper Bare Particulars, T. Sider claims that one of the most plausible candidates for bare particulars are spacetime points. The aim of this paper is to shed light on Sider’s reasoning and its consequences. There are three concepts of spacetime points that allow their identification with bare particulars. One of them, Moderate structural realism, is considered to be the most adequate due its appropriate approach to spacetime metric and moderate view of mereological simples. However, it pushes the Substratum (...)
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  17. F. C. Boogerd, F. J. Bruggeman, Robert C. Richardson, Achim Stephan & H. Westerhoff (2005). Emergence and Its Place in Nature: A Case Study of Biochemical Networks. Synthese 145 (1):131 - 164.score: 30.0
    We will show that there is a strong form of emergence in cell biology. Beginning with C.D. Broad's classic discussion of emergence, we distinguish two conditions sufficient for emergence. Emergence in biology must be compatible with the thought that all explanations of systemic properties are mechanistic explanations and with their sufficiency. Explanations of systemic properties are always in terms of the properties of the parts within the system. Nonetheless, systemic properties can still be emergent. If the properties of the components (...)
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  18. Jan C. Schmidt (2007). Die Aktualität der Ethik von Hans Jonas. Eine Kritik der Kritik des Prinzips Verantwortung. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 55 (4):545-569.score: 30.0
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  19. Robert C. Richardson & Achim Stephan (2007). Emergence. Biological Theory 2 (1):91-96.score: 30.0
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  20. Jan Hendrik Schmidt (1998). Predicting the Motion of Particles in Newtonian Mechanics and Special Relativity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 29 (1):81-122.score: 30.0
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  21. Achim Stephan (1999). Are Animals Capable of Concepts? Erkenntnis 51 (1):583-596.score: 30.0
    Often, the behavior of animals can be better explained and predicted, it seems, if we ascribe the capacity to have beliefs, intentions, and concepts to them. Whether we really can do so, however, is a debated issue. Particularly, Donald Davidson maintains that there is no basis in fact for ascribing propositional attitudes or concepts to animals. I will consider his and rival views, such as Colin Allen's three-part approach, for determining whether animals possess concepts. To avoid pure theoretical debate, however, (...)
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  22. Thomas Schmidt (1999). Religious Pluralism and Democratic Society: Political Liberalism and the Reasonableness of Religious Beliefs. Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (4):43-56.score: 30.0
    Critics of John Rawls' conception of a reasonable pluralism have raised the question of whether it is justified to demand that religious individuals should 'bracket' their essential, identity-constituting convictions when they enter a political discourse. I will argue that the criterion for religious beliefs of being justified as grounds for political decisions should be their ability of being 'translatable' in secular reasons for the very same decisions. This translation would demand 'epistemic abstinence' from religious believers only on the basis of (...)
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  23. Anthony P. Atkinson, I. S. Baker, Susan J. Blackmore, William Braud, Jean E. Burns, R. H. S. Carpenter, Christopher J. S. Clarke, Ralph D. Ellis, David Fontana, Christopher C. French, D. Radin, M. Schlitz, Stefan Schmidt & Max Velmans (2005). Open Peer Commentary on 'the Sense of Being Stared At' Parts 1 &. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (6):50-116.score: 30.0
  24. C. T. A. Schmidt & F. Kraemer (2006). Robots, Dennett and the Autonomous: A Terminological Investigation. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 16 (1):73-80.score: 30.0
    In the present enterprise we take a look at the meaning of Autonomy, how the word has been employed and some of the consequences of its use in the sciences of the artificial. Could and should robots really be autonomous entities? Over and beyond this, we use concepts from the philosophy of mind to spur on enquiry into the very essence of human autonomy. We believe our initiative, as does Dennett's life-long research, sheds light upon the problems of robot design (...)
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  25. Jan C. Schmidt (2007). Towards a Philosophy of Interdisciplinarity. Poiesis and Praxis 5 (1):53-69.score: 30.0
    This paper aims to contribute to the expanding discourse on inter- and transdisciplinarity. Referring to well-established distinctions in philosophy of science, the paper argues in favor of a plurality of four different dimensions: Interdisciplinarity with regard to (a) objects ( ontology ), (b) knowledge/theories (epistemology), (c) methods/practices (methodology), and further, (d) problem perception/problem solving. Different philosophical thought traditions can be related to these distinguishable meanings. The philosophical framework of the four different dimensions will be illustrated by some of the most (...)
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  26. Karl J. Friston & Klaas E. Stephan (2007). Free-Energy and the Brain. Synthese 159 (3):417 - 458.score: 30.0
    If one formulates Helmholtz's ideas about perception in terms of modern-day theories one arrives at a model of perceptual inference and learning that can explain a remarkable range of neurobiological facts. Using constructs from statistical physics it can be shown that the problems of inferring what cause our sensory inputs and learning causal regularities in the sensorium can be resolved using exactly the same principles. Furthermore, inference and learning can proceed in a biologically plausible fashion. The ensuing scheme rests on (...)
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  27. Thomas Schmidt & Dirk Vorberg (2006). Criteria for Unconscious Cognition: Three Types of Dissociation. Perception and Psychophysics 68 (3):489-504.score: 30.0
  28. Achim Stephan (1997). Armchair Arguments Against Emergence. Erkenntnis 46 (3):305-14.score: 30.0
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  29. James Schmidt (1992). What Enlightenment Was: How Moses Mendelssohn and Immanuel Kant Answered The. Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (1).score: 30.0
  30. Harald Walach & Stefan Schmidt (2005). Repairing Plato's Life Boat with Ockham's Razor: The Important Function of Research in Anomalies for Consciousness Studies. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (2):52-70.score: 30.0
    Scientific progress is achieved not only by continuous accumulation of knowledge but also by paradigm shifts. These shifts are often necessitated by anomalous findings that cannot be incorporated in accepted models. Two important methodological principles regulate this process and complement each other: Ockham's Razor as the principle of parsimony and Plato's Life Boat as the principle of the necessity to 'save the appearances' and thus incorporate conflicting phenomenological data into theories. We review empirical data which are in conflict with some (...)
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  31. Achim Stephan (1999). Introduction: Animal Beliefs, Concepts, and Communication. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 51 (1):1-6.score: 30.0
  32. Muriel Vandenberghe, Nicolas Schmidt, Patrick Fery & Axel Cleeremans (2006). Can Amnesic Patients Learn Without Awareness? New Evidence Comparing Deterministic and Probabilistic Sequence Learning. Neuropsychologia 44 (10):1629-1641.score: 30.0
    Can associative learning take place without awareness? We explore this issue in a sequence learning paradigm with amnesic and control participants, who were simply asked to react to one of four possible stimuli on each trial. Unknown to them, successive stimuli occurred in a sequence. We manipulated the extent to which stimuli followed the sequence in a deterministic manner (noiseless condition) or only probabilistically so (noisy condition). Through this paradigm, we aimed at addressing two central issues: first, we asked whether (...)
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  33. Claudia M. Schmidt (2005). The Anthropological Dimension of Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals. Kant-Studien 96 (1):66-84.score: 30.0
    One of the persistently controversial issues in the discussion of Kant’s moral philosophy is his view of the relation between the metaphysics of morals and human nature.
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  34. David Long & Brian C. Schmidt (eds.) (2005). Imperialism and Internationalism in the Discipline of International Relations. State University of New York Press.score: 30.0
    This book reconstructs in detail some of the formative episodes of the field's early development and arrives at the conclusion that, in actuality, the early ...
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  35. James R. Schmidt, Matthew J. C. Crump, Jim Cheesman & Derek Besner (2007). Contingency Learning Without Awareness: Evidence for Implicit Control. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):421-435.score: 30.0
  36. Jan Hendrik Schmidt (1998). Newcomb's Paradox Realized with Backward Causation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):67-87.score: 30.0
    In order to refute the widely held belief that the game known as ‘Newcomb's paradox’ is physically nonsensical and impossible to imagine (e.g. because it involves backward causation), I tell a story in which the game is realized in a classical, deterministic universe in a physically plausible way. The predictor is a collection of beings which are by many orders of magnitude smaller than the player and which can, with their exquisite measurement techniques, observe the particles in the player's body (...)
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  37. Wolfgang Liebert & Jan C. Schmidt (2010). Collingridge's Dilemma and Technoscience. Poiesis and Praxis 7 (1-2):55-71.score: 30.0
    Collingridge’s dilemma is one of the most well-established paradigms presenting a challenge to Technology Assessment (TA). This paper aims to reconstruct the dilemma from an analytic perspective and explicates three assumptions underlying the dilemma: the temporal, knowledge and power/actor assumptions. In the light of the recent transformation of the science, technology and innovation system—in the age of technoscience —these underlying assumptions are called into question. The same result is obtained from a normative angle by Collingridge himself; he criticises the dilemma (...)
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  38. Harald Schmidt (2008). Childhood Obesity and Parental Responsibilities. Hastings Center Report 38 (4):p. 3.score: 30.0
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  39. Jan Slaby, Graham Katz, Kai-Uwe Kühnberger & Achim Stephan (2006). Embodied Targets, or the Origins of Mind-Tools. Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):103 – 118.score: 30.0
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  40. Tom Baldwin, Roger Brownsword & Harald Schmidt (2009). Stewardship, Paternalism and Public Health: Further Thoughts. Public Health Ethics 2 (1):113-116.score: 30.0
    Nuffield Council on Bioethics, London * Corresponding author: Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 28 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3JS, UK. Email: hschmidt{at}nuffieldbioethics.org ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract In November 2007, the Nuffield Council on Bioethics published the report Public Health: Ethical Issues . While the report has been welcomed by a wide range of stakeholders, there has also been some criticism. First, it has been suggested that it is not clear why, in developing its ‘stewardship (...)
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  41. Dennis J. Schmidt (2010). In Kant's Wake: On John Sallis' Transfigurements. Research in Phenomenology 40 (1):104-114.score: 30.0
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  42. Thomas Schmidt (2006). Learning Under Anesthesia: Checking the Light in the Fridge? Commentary on Deeprose and Andrade (2006). Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):24-27.score: 30.0
  43. James Schmidt (1979). Lordship and Bondage in Merleau-Ponty and Sartre. Political Theory 7 (2):201-227.score: 30.0
    The article examines the use made of hegel's dialectic of lordship and bondage in kojeve, sartre and merleau-ponty as a means of discussing the problem of merging a phenomenology of social life with a dialectical conception of philosophical narration. it is argued that neither sartre nor merleau-ponty can reconcile phenomenology and dialectic without an ontologizing of politics which ultimately provides a misleadingly abstract account of political life. while concentrating on the period 1945-1955, the article draws out certain implications for the (...)
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  44. C. T. A. Schmidt (2005). Of Robots and Believing. Minds and Machines 15 (2):195-205.score: 30.0
    Discussion about the application of scientific knowledge in robotics in order to build people helpers is widespread. The issue herein addressed is philosophically poignant, that of robots that are “people”. It is currently popular to speak about robots and the image of Man. Behind this lurks the dialogical mind and the questions about the significance of an artificial version of it. Without intending to defend or refute the discourse in favour of ‘recreating’ Man, a lesser familiar question is brought forth: (...)
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  45. Dennis J. Schmidt (2008). Who Counts? On Democracy, Power, and the Incalculable. Research in Phenomenology 38 (2):228-243.score: 30.0
    The intention of this paper is to discuss the notion and word "democracy" as a Greek legacy and then to pose the question of the specific challenges to that conception of democracy presented by this historical present, which Heidegger characterizes as the Gestell. Questions concerning the sources of power, the relation of power to peoples and individuals, as well as the shift from power to violence are addressed. Plato, Aristotle, Pericles, Lincoln, Derrida, and Heidegger are the key figures in this (...)
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  46. Dennis J. Schmidt (2002). Why is Spirit Such a Slow Learner? Research in Phenomenology 32 (1):26-43.score: 30.0
    A typical view of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit takes the view that it traces the forward march of spirit and that this forward moving education outlines a path of pure progress. My contention is that what most needs to be said about spirit is that it is indeed a slow learner: lessons must be learned over and over again, structures get repeated, the same mistakes are made in different contexts. Repetition, not progress, is the rule of spirit's education. Two questions (...)
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  47. Wolfgang Kerber & Claudia Schmidt, Microsoft, Refusal to License Intellectual Property Rights, and the Incentives Balance Test of the EU Commission.score: 30.0
    This article contributes to the analysis of refusal to license cases as abuse of a dominant position pursuant Article 82 EC from an economic perspective. In the Microsoft case, the European Commission introduced an "Incentives Balance Test" to assess whether the refusal to give access to interface information can be justified by arguing that this information is protected by Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs): The Commission argued that if the overall innovative effects evoked by a compulsory license are significantly higher than (...)
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  48. Klaus J. Schmidt (2011). On the unity of modal syllogistics in Aristotle. Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 13 (1):54-86.score: 30.0
    The goal of this paper is an interpretation of Aristotle's modal syllogistics closely oriented on the text using the resources of modern modal predicate logic. Modern predicate logic was successfully able to interpret Aristotle's assertoric syllogistics uniformly , that is, with one formula for universal premises. A corresponding uniform interpretation of modal syllogistics by means of modal predicate logic is not possible. This thesis does not imply that a uniform view is abandoned. However, it replaces the simple unity of the (...)
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  49. Thomas Schmidt & Vera C. Heumüller (2010). Probability Judgments of Agency: Rational or Irrational? Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):1-11.score: 30.0
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  50. Ulrich Majer & Heinz-Jürgen Schmidt (1995). Reflections on Spacetime — Foundations, Philosophy and History. Erkenntnis 42 (2):121-123.score: 30.0
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