Search results for 'Stephen E. Newstead' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John Hershey, Bush E., F. Stephen, Ralph Hoctor & T. (2006). Communications and Control—A Natural Linkage for SWARM. Journal of Network and Systems Management 14 (1):7--13.
    We present a simple distributed concept that appears to insinuate SWARM behavior in a collection of mobile platforms. The control is based on the inter-mobile platform communication links’ signal-to-noise ratio. This double use of communications is a natural linkage for SWARM behavior.
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  2.  21
    Stephen E. Newstead (1997). Conditional Reasoning with Realistic Material. Thinking and Reasoning 3 (1):49 – 76.
    Four experiments are reported which investigated the types of truth tables that people associate with conditional sentences and the kinds of inferences that they will draw from them. The present studies differed from most previous ones in using different types of content in the conditionals, for example promises and warnings. It was found that the type of content had a strong and consistent effect on both truth tables and inferences. It is suggested that this is because in real life conditionals (...)
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  3.  4
    Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan StB. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen (1992). The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning. Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
  4. Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Julie L. Allen (1992). The Source of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning. Cognition 45 (3):257-284.
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  5.  21
    Maxwell J. Roberts, Stephen E. Newstead & Richard A. Griggs (2001). Quantifier Interpretation and Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 7 (2):173 – 204.
    Many researchers have suggested that premise interpretation errors can account, at least in part, for errors on categorical syllogisms. However, although it is possible to show that people make such errors in simple inference tasks, the evidence for them is far less clear when actual syllogisms are administered. Part of the problem is due to the lack of clear predictions for the solutions that would be expected when using modified quantifiers, assuming that correct inferences are made from them. This paper (...)
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  6.  1
    Stephen E. Newstead, Paul Pollard & Richard A. Griggs (1986). Response Bias in Relational Reasoning. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (2):95-98.
  7.  8
    Stephen E. Newstead (2003). Can Natural Language Semantics Explain Syllogistic Reasoning? Cognition 90 (2):193-199.
  8.  16
    Stephen E. Newstead (2000). Are There Two Different Types of Thinking? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):690-691.
    Stanovich & West's claim that there are two coherent and conceptually distinct types of thinking, System 1 and System 2, is questioned. Some authors equate System 2 with intelligence whereas other do not; and some authors regard the two types of system as distinct while others regard them as lying on a continuum.
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  9.  47
    Helen L. Neilens, Simon J. Handley & Stephen E. Newstead (2009). Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37 – 68.
    Two studies are reported which demonstrate that analytic responding on everyday reasoning problems can be increased and bias eliminated after training on the law of large numbers. Critical thinking problems involving belief-consistent, neutral, and inconsistent conclusions were presented. Belief bias was eliminated when a written justification of argument strength was elicited. However, belief-based responding was still evident when evaluations of the arguments were elicited using rating scales. This finding demonstrates a dissociation between analytic and belief-based responding as a function of (...)
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  10.  39
    Stephen E. Newstead, Peter Bradon, Simon J. Handley, Ian Dennis & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (2006). Predicting the Difficulty of Complex Logical Reasoning Problems. Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):62 – 90.
    The aim of the present research was to develop a difficulty model for logical reasoning problems involving complex ordered arrays used in the Graduate Record Examination. The approach used involved breaking down the problems into their basic cognitive elements such as the complexity of the rules used, the number of mental models required to represent the problem, and question type. Weightings for these different elements were derived from two experimental studies and from the reasoning literature. Based on these weights, difficulty (...)
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  11.  31
    Stephen E. Newstead (1994). Inductive Reasoning, Deductive Reasoning and Mental Models. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):65 – 67.
    (1994). Inductive reasoning, deductive reasoning and mental models. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 65-67. doi: 10.1080/02698599408573483.
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  12.  1
    Stephen E. Newstead & Jonathan StB. T. Evans (1993). Mental Models as an Explanation of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning. Cognition 46 (1):93-97.
  13.  21
    Stephen E. Newstead, Simon J. Handley & Helen L. Neilens (2011). Effects of Training and Instruction on Analytic and Belief-Based Reasoning Processes. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (1):37-68.
    Two studies are reported which demonstrate that analytic responding on everyday reasoning problems can be increased and bias eliminated after training on the law of large numbers. Critical thinking problems involving belief-consistent, neutral, and inconsistent conclusions were presented. Belief bias was eliminated when a written justification of argument strength was elicited. However, belief-based responding was still evident when evaluations of the arguments were elicited using rating scales. This finding demonstrates a dissociation between analytic and belief-based responding as a function of (...)
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  14.  4
    Stephen E. Newstead & Jonathan St B. T. Evans (1993). Mental Models as an Explanation of Belief Bias Effects in Syllogistic Reasoning. Cognition 46 (1):93-97.
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  15.  15
    Stephen E. Newstead (2000). What is an Ecologically Rational Heuristic? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):759-760.
    The notion of ecological rationality, although plausible, does not readily lead to testable predictions. This is illustrated with respect to heuristics in syllogistic reasoning. Several possible heuristics have been proposed but ecological rationality does not appear to offer a sensible rationale for choosing between these.
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  16.  2
    Stephen E. Newstead, Stephanie Keeble & Kenneth I. Manktelow (1985). Children’s Performance on Set-Inclusion and Linear-Ordering Relationships. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (2):105-108.
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  17.  2
    Stephen E. Newstead (1993). Do Mental Models Provide an Adequate Account of Syllogistic Reasoning Performance? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (2):359.
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  18.  3
    Stephen E. Newstead (1994). Do Verbs Act as Implicit Quantifiers? Journal of Semantics 11 (3):215-230.
    A number of studies suggest that verbs can act as implicit quantifiers on the subjects and objects of the sentences in which they are used; thus a sentence such as Children like animals has truth conditions which fall short of the universal. Furthermore, it has been claimed that the quantity implied varies as a function of the type of verb used, for example, whether the verb describes an observable event or a subjective state. The present research investigated this effect further (...)
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  19. Gary F. Marcus, Jane Oakhill, Alan Garnham, Stephen E. Newstead, Jonathan St Bt Evans, Kimj Vicente, William F. Brewer, Jc Marshall, Karen Emmorey & Stephen M. Kosslyn (1993). Janet Cohen Sherman (Massachusetts General Hospital) and Barbara Lust (Cornell University) Children Are in Control. Cognition 46:297.
     
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  20. Stephen E. Newstead (1994). Comments on Johnson-Laird By. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):65-68.
     
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  21. Stephen E. Newstead (1994). Semantics and Psychology Part 1: The Semantics of Quantification. Journal of Semantics 11 (3):147.
     
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  22.  3
    Christine Stephen (2012). Participatory Learning in the Early Years: Research and Pedagogy.Edited by D. Berthelsen, J. Brownlee and E. Johansson. British Journal of Educational Studies 60 (2):196-198.
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  23.  3
    Christine Stephen (2012). Participatory Learning in the Early Years: Research and Pedagogy. Edited by D. Berthelsen, J. Brownlee and E. Johansson: Pp 221. New York: Routledge. 2009.£ 85 (Hbk). ISBN 0-415-98974-4. [REVIEW] British Journal of Educational Studies 60 (2):196-198.
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  24. H. E. H. E. (1981). Into the Dark: Hannah Arendt and Totalitarianism. By Stephen J. Whitfield. [REVIEW] History and Theory 20 (3):353.
     
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  25. I. Ii, Neil Carlson, Charlotte Childers, Steven Schwartz & Clinton Walker Stephen (1968). Don E. Dulany. In T. Dixon & Deryck Horton (eds.), Verbal Behavior and General Behavior Theory. Prentice-Hall
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  26.  1
    M. Murphy, K. Hey, J. Brown, B. Willis, J. D. Ellis, D. Barlow, A. Chandra, E. H. Stephen, C. Nilses & G. Lindmark (1997). Infertility Treatment and Multiple Birth Rates in Britain 1938-94. Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (2):235-43.
  27.  5
    Ross King, Whelan D., E. Kenneth, Ffion Jones, Reiser M., G. K. Philip, Christopher Bryant, Muggleton H., H. Stephen, Douglas Kell, Oliver B. & G. Stephen (2004). Functional Genomic Hypothesis Generation and Experimentation by a Robot Scientist. Nature 427 (6971):247--52.
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  28.  28
    Alison Bacon, Simon Handley & Stephen Newstead (2003). Individual Differences in Strategies for Syllogistic Reasoning. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (2):133 – 168.
    Current theories of reasoning such as mental models or mental logic assume a universal cognitive mechanism that underlies human reasoning performance. However, there is evidence that this is not the case, for example, the work of Ford (1995), who found that some people adopted predominantly spatial and some verbal strategies in a syllogistic reasoning task. Using written and think-aloud protocols, the present study confirmed the existence of these individual differences. However, in sharp contrast to Ford, the present study found few (...)
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  29.  2
    J. StB. T. Evans & S. E. Newstead (1977). Language and Reasoning: A Study of Temporal Factors. Cognition 5 (3):265-283.
  30. S. E. Newstead, J. D. Coley, D. Dahan, C. M. Fletcher-Flinn, A. D. Friederici, B. Geurts, E. Gibson, A. E. Goldberg, K. Harbusch & B. Hayes (2004). Mayr, S., B11 McQueen, JM, 51 Mintz, TH, 91 Moloney, M., 217. Cognition 90:337.
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  31.  7
    Stephen Newstead (2003). Peter Wason (1924-2003). Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):177-184.
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  32. A. C. Stephen & E. B. Cutler (1969). On a Collection of Sipuncula, Echiura, and Priapulida From South African Waters. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 38 (2):111-121.
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  33. I. E., Stephen MacKenna, Grace H. Turnbull & W. R. Inge (1935). The Essence of Plotinus: Extracts From the Six Enneads and Porphyry's Life of Plotinus. Journal of Philosophy 32 (13):354.
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  34.  8
    Ethan Weed (2013). Stephen E. Palmer and Arthur P. Shimamura, Eds. Aesthetic Science. Estetika 50 (1):128-133.
    A review of Stephen E. Palmer´s and Arthur P. Shimamura´s (eds.) Aesthetic Science (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, xii + 408 pp. ISBN 978-0-19-973214-2).
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  35. Betty Kay Seibt, William Edward Tanner & Stephen Edelston Toulmin (1991). The Toulmin Method Exploration and Controversy : A Festschrift in Honor of Stephen E. Toulmin.
     
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  36.  4
    Sérgio Luís Barroso de Carvalho (2014). Falibilismo E a falácia de contrafactuais epistêmicos segundo Stephen Hetherington. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 5 (10):53-61.
    Stephen Hetherington é um dos mais proeminentes epistemólogos a defender que é possível ter conhecimento segundo as condições de crença verdadeira e justificada, apesar dos contraexemplos elaborados por Edmund Gettier. Ele fundamentou sua perspectiva no pressuposto de falibilidade do conhecimento e naquilo que ele chamou de "falácia de contrafactuais epistêmicos", segundo a qual não se deve assumir impossibilidade do conhecimento factual apenas em virtude da sua impossibilidade contrafactual - o que é reiterado por Anthony Booth. As críticas apresentadas por (...)
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  37. Brent Waters (2000). On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics, Edited by Stephen E. Lammers and Allen Verhey. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1998. 1004 Pp. Pb. No Price. ISBN 0-8028-4249-6. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 13 (2):130-131.
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  38. B. Waters (2000). On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics, Edited by Stephen E. Lammers and Allen Verhey. Second Edition. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1998. 1004 Pp. Pb. No Price. ISBN 0-8028-4249-. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 13 (2):130-131.
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  39.  14
    Dudley Knowles (2011). Climbing: Because It's There – Stephen E. Schmid (Ed.). Philosophical Quarterly 61 (245):887-890.
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  40. B. V. Johnstone (1992). Book Review : Reading in Communion: Scriptureand Ethics in Christian Life, by Stephen E. Fowl and L. Gregory Jones. London, SPCK,1991. 166 Pp. 12.95. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 5 (2):86-88.
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  41.  25
    Kim Sterelny (1988). Book Review:Knowing Who Stephen E. Boer, William G. Lycan. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 55 (4):654-.
  42.  18
    Horace Barlow (2000). Vision Science: Photons to Phenomenology by Stephen E. Palmer. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (4):164-165.
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  43.  3
    K. Sterelny (1988). Knowing Who by Stephen E. Boer, William G. Lycan. Philosophy of Science 55 (4):654-656.
  44.  3
    Ian Ruffell (2015). Nonsense and Meaning in Ancient Greek Comedy by Stephen E. Kidd. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 109 (1):142-144.
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  45.  8
    Jerzy Brezezinski, Eugenio Bulygin, Jean-Louis Gardies, Ilkka Niiniluoto, Mario A. Bunge, D. Reidei, Paul M. Churchland & Clifford A. Hooker (1987). Ayer, Alfred J., Wittgenstein, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1985. Belnap, Nuel D. And B. Steel, Thomas, Logik Oon Frage Und Antwort, Vieweg, Braunschweig Und Wiesbaden, 1985. Boer, Stephen E. And William G. Lycan, Knowing Who, MIT Press, Cambridge and London, 1986. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 27:433-435.
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  46.  3
    Lindsey Esbensen (2014). Health Care Ethics: Theological Foundations, Contemporary Issues, and Controversial Cases, Revised Edition by Michael R. Panicola, David M. Belde, John Paul Slosar, and Mark F. Repenshek, And: On Moral Medicine: Theological Perspectives in Medical Ethics, Third Edition Ed. By M. Therese Lysaught and Joseph J. Kotva Jr. With Stephen E. Lammers and Allen Verhey. [REVIEW] Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 34 (2):211-214.
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  47.  17
    R. A. Spinello (2000). Winners, Losers, and Microsoft: Competition and Antitrust in High Technology, Stan J. Liebowitz and Stephen E. Margolis. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 2 (2):131-136.
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  48.  12
    Richard S. Briggs (2009). Reading Scripture with the Church: Toward a Hermeneutic for Theological Interpretation. By A. K. M. Adam, Stephen E. Fowl, Kevin J. Vanhoozer, Francis Watson Tradition, Scripture, and Interpretation: A Sourcebook of the Ancient Church (Evangelical Ressourcement: Ancient Sources for the Church's Future). Ed. D. H. Williams Sacred Scripture: The Disclosure of the Word. By Francis Martin The Language of Symbolism: Biblical Theology, Semantics, and Exegesis. By Pierre Grelot. [REVIEW] Heythrop Journal 50 (1):119-120.
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  49.  11
    Clyde Laurence Hardin (1959). Book Review:The Uses of Argument Stephen E. Toulmin. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 26 (2):160-.
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  50.  9
    R. S. Dalvi (2008). The Erotic Phenomenon Jean-Luc Marion Translated by Stephen E. Lewis Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2007, Ix + 230 Pp., $35.00. [REVIEW] Dialogue 47 (01):202-.
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