Search results for 'Steve Donaldson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  21
    Steve Donaldson (2008). A Neural Network for Creative Serial Order Cognitive Behavior. Minds and Machines 18 (1):53-91.
    If artificial neural networks are ever to form the foundation for higher level cognitive behaviors in machines or to realize their full potential as explanatory devices for human cognition, they must show signs of autonomy, multifunction operation, and intersystem integration that are absent in most existing models. This model begins to address these issues by integrating predictive learning, sequence interleaving, and sequence creation components to simulate a spectrum of higher-order cognitive behaviors which have eluded the grasp of simpler systems. Its (...)
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  2. Thomas Donaldson (1994). Essay by Thomas Donaldson and Lee E. Preston Presented At: The Toronto Conference–Reflections on Stakeholder Theory. Business and Society 33 (1):105-108.
     
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  3.  85
    Thomas Donaldson (1989). Moral Minimums for Multinationals. Ethics and International Affairs 3 (1):163–182.
    Donaldson argues that major changes are necessary in the decision-making process as well as in the conduct of multinational corporations in order to exercise moral obligations and meet culture-specific needs of host countries.
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  4.  43
    Thomas Donaldson (1995). International Deontology Defended: A Response to Russell Hardin. Ethics and International Affairs 9 (1):147–154.
    Donaldson argues that agreeing with Hardin to banish deontological justifications from international discussion amounts to abandoning the power of deontology to interpret political intent and to establish hard limits on political behavior.
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  5.  5
    Sue Donaldson, Will Kymlicka & Hilal Sezgin (2014). Die Theorie Multikultureller Bürgerrechte Eröffnet Auch Eine Spannende Perspektive Auf Die Frage der Tierrechte. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 62 (1):108-119.
    In this interview, Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka reply to some questions and objections to their book Zoopolis . A distinctive feature of their approach is the idea that domesticated animals should be seen as cocitizens of our political community. Donaldson and Kymlicka discuss how this view of animal citizenship relates to issues regarding the right to vote, the right to political representation, and rights to residence and membership. The authors also explore how their political account of animal (...)
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  6.  74
    J. Elster, K. Moene, Cambridge Cambridge, Jan Faye, John Martin Ed Fisher, Stanford Stanford, E. Forster & Steve Fuller (1990). 555PP-,£ 2500 Davis, Caroline Franks, The Evidential Force of Religious Experience, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1989, 276pp.,£ 27.50 Donaldson, John, Key Issues in Business Ethics, Sidcup, Kent, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Ltd., 1989, 251pp.,£ 25.00, Paper£ 9.95. [REVIEW] Mind 99:393.
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  7.  43
    Sue Donaldson & Will Kymlicka (2011). Zoopolis: A Political Theory of Animal Rights. OUP Oxford.
    For many people "animal rights" suggests campaigns against factory farms, vivisection or other aspects of our woeful treatment of animals. Zoopolis moves beyond this familiar terrain, focusing not on what we must stop doing to animals, but on how we can establish positive and just relationships with different types of animals.
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  8.  68
    Bradley R. Agle, Thomas Donaldson & R. Edward Freeman (2008). Dialogue: Toward Superior Stakeholder Theory. Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (2):153-190.
    A quick look at what is happening in the corporate world makes it clear that the stakeholder idea is alive, well, and flourishing; and the question now is not “if ” but “how” stakeholder theory will meet the challenges of its success. Does stakeholder theory’s “arrival” mean continued dynamism, refinement, and relevance, or stasis? How will superior stakeholder theory continue to develop? In light of these and related questions, the authors of these essays conducted an ongoing dialogue on the current (...)
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  9.  71
    Thomas Donaldson & Thomas W. Dunfee (1995). Integrative Social Contracts Theory. Economics and Philosophy 11 (1):85.
    Difficult moral issues in economic life, such as evaluating the impact of hostile takeovers and plant relocations or determining the obligations of business to the environment, constitute the raison d'etre of business ethics. Yet, while the ultimate resolution of such issues clearly requires detailed, normative analysis, a shortcoming of business ethics is that to date it has failed to develop an adequate normative theory.1 The failing is especially acute when it results in an inability to provide a basis for fine-grained (...)
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  10. Thomas Donaldson (2012). Three Ethical Roots of the Economic Crisis. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):5-8.
    On Sept 15, 2008, ‘‘Dark Monday,’’ the world witnessed a radical reshaping of Wall Street. Lehman Brothers fell toward bankruptcy; Merrill Lynch was sold to its rival, Bank of America; and AIG pleaded for $40 billion in government relief. Those calamities marched in step with a dismal parade including the US government takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the bailout of Bear Stearns, and the entire subprime debacle. We rightly blame Wall Street leaders for bungling business decisions, for misestimating (...)
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  11.  16
    Thomas Donaldson (2008). Hedge Fund Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (3):405-416.
    Hedge funds are targets of mounting ethical criticism. The most salient focuses on their opacity. Hedge funds are structured to block transparency for strategic reasons: that is, they systematically deny information to their own investors and to governments in order to protect their competitive advantage, even though the information they hide holds tremendous significance for the interests of both groups. In this article I will detail the ethical allegations made against hedge funds, showing why their opacity creates intractable conflicts that (...)
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  12.  15
    Thomas Donaldson (1994). When Integration Fails. Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):157-169.
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  13.  33
    Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert & David Donaldson (1997). Critical-Level Utilitarianism and the Population-Ethics Dilemma. Economics and Philosophy 13 (2):197-.
    Advances in technology have made it possible for us to take actions that affect the numbers and identities of humans and other animals that will live in the future. Effective and inexpensive birth control, child allowances, genetic screening, safe abortion, in vitro fertilization, the education of young women, sterilization programs, environmental degradation and war all have these effects. Although it is true that a good deal of effort has been devoted to the practical side of population policy, moral theory has (...)
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  14. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Cognitive Penetration? (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Four).
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: What counts as cognitive penetration?
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  15.  5
    Thomas Donaldson (2000). Are Business Managers “Professionals”? Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):83-94.
    This paper examines two issues about professionalism and business that appear at first blush to be entirely separate. The first is the question of who counts as a “professional,” and whether, in particular, business people are “professionals.” The second issue is howacknowledged professionals that regularly interact with business, such as accountants, lawyers, and physicians, can find the moral free space necessary to maintain professional integrity in the face of financial pressures. Conflicts of interest for professionals working incorporations recur with disturbing (...)
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  16. Thomas Donaldson (1985). Multinational Decision-Making: Reconciling International Norms. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 4 (4):357 - 366.
    How should highly-placed multinational managers, typically schooled in home country moral traditions, reconcile conflicts between those traditions and ones of the host country? When host country standards for pollution, discrimination, and salary schedules appear substandard from the perspective of the home country, should the manager take the high road and implement home country standards? Or does the high road imply a failure to respect cultural diversity and national integrity? In this paper, I construct and defend an ethical algorithm for multinational (...)
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  17.  17
    Thomas Donaldson (2002). The Stakeholder Revolution and the Clarkson Principles. Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (2):107-112.
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  18. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Report on the Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning.
    This report highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012: 1. How should we demarcate perceptual learning from perceptual development? 2. What are the origins of multimodal associations? 3. Does our representation of time provide an amodal framework for multi-sensory integration? 4. What counts as cognitive penetration? 5. How can philosophers and psychologists most fruitfully collaborate?
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  19. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Philosophy/Psychology Collaboration (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Five).
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: How can philosophers and psychologists most fruitfully collaborate?
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  20.  93
    Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Recognizing Emotion in Music (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Six).
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: How do we recognize distinct types of emotion in music?
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  21.  93
    Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Perceptual Learning and Development (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question One).
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: How should we demarcate perceptual learning from perceptual development?
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  22.  86
    Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Multimodal Associations (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Two).
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: What are the origins of multimodal associations?
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  23.  83
    Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Multi-Sensory Integration and Time (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Three).
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: Does our representation of time provide and amodal framework for multi-sensory integration?
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  24.  17
    Lex Donaldson (2008). Ethics Problems and Problems with Ethics: Toward a Pro-Management Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3):299 - 311.
    The move towards having more teaching of business ethics comes in part from a tendency to view managers negatively, drawing on anti-management theories that are presently popular in business schools. This can lead to a misdiagnosis of the causes of contemporary business problems. Teaching business ethics can, however, be ineffectual and counter-productive. Education in ethical philosophy can lead managers to be indecisive, sceptical or to rationalize poor conduct. The ethics of academics become salient and lapses in them undercut their claims (...)
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  25.  14
    Thomas Donaldson (1995). Contractarian Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):173-186.
    Social contract is rapidly becoming one of the significant alternatives for analyzing ethical issues in business. Contractarian approachesemphasizing consent as a means of justifying principles can provide needed context for rendering normative judgements conceming economic behaviors. Current research issues include developing tests of consent for both hypothetical and extant social contracts, and empirically testing the assumptions of the major contractarian approaches. Open questions include exploring the relationship between contractarian business ethics and other approaches, such as stakeholder management and virtue based (...)
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  26. Tom Donaldson & Ernie Lepore, Context-Sensitivity.
    (1) I’m Spartacus! [Said by Spartacus] (2) I’m Spartacus! [Said by Antoninus] What Spartacus said was true, and what Antoninus said was not. Yet the two slaves uttered the exact same sentence, so how can this be? Admittedly, the puzzle is not very hard, and its solution is uncontroversial. The first person pronoun “I” is – to use a technical term – context sensitive. When Spartacus uses it, it refers to Spartacus; when Antoninus uses it, it refers to Antoninus. So (...)
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  27.  30
    Thomas Donaldson (1994). Introduction. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:3-8.
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  28.  49
    Thomas Donaldson (2001). The Ethical Wealth of Nations. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):25 - 36.
    Michael Porter argues that some nations manifest a competitive advantage deriving from key elements of their economic structure. Some nations are thus disposed by structure to possess what Porter calls a "competitive advantage of nations" (Porter, 1990). In this paper I examine the prospect of an ethical advantage of nations, and in particular, of a set of advantages that extend far beyond the simple dimension of trust so often discussed. I consider, further, how such a range of ethical features would (...)
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  29.  19
    Thomas Donaldson & R. Edward Freeman (eds.) (1994). Business as a Humanity. Oxford University Press.
    This latest volume in the acclaimed Ruffin Series in Business Ethics brings together the contributions to the annual Ruffin Lecture series, in which some of the leading scholars in business ethics addressed the question: Can business, and business education, be considered one of the humanities, or is it in a class by itself? At a time when business is coming under attack for its apparent transgressions, this book iluminates the special values that inhere in the business world. Arguing all sides (...)
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  30.  20
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). The Failure of Realism. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:10-11.
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  31.  13
    Thomas Donaldson (1994). The Perils of Multinationals' Largess. Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (3):367-371.
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  32.  19
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Index. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:187-196.
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  33.  24
    Thomas Donaldson (1992). The Language of International Corporate Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (3):271-281.
    This paper identifies six basic languages of morals and shows that while in general it is impossible to say that one moral language is better, some languages are better for the purpose of characterizing international corporate responsibility. In particular, moral languages that imly minimum rather than perfectionist standards of behavior, and which are not overly dependent on analogy with human moral psychology, are better than ones ranging broadly over both minimum and maximum standards and requiring analogy to human beings. Languages (...)
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  34.  10
    Aidan Donaldson (1988). Marxism and Morality. Irish Philosophical Journal 5 (1/2):113-120.
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  35.  29
    Aidan Donaldson (1988). Natural Law and Human Dignity. Irish Philosophical Journal 5 (1/2):126-130.
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  36.  12
    Craig Mitton & Cam Donaldson (2003). Resource Allocation in Health Care: Health Economics and Beyond. Health Care Analysis 11 (3):245-257.
    As resources in health care are scarce, managers and clinicians must make difficult choices about what to fund and what not to fund. At the level of a regional health authority, limited approaches to aid decision makers in shifting resources across major service portfolios exist. A participatory action research project was conducted in the Calgary Health Region. Through five phases of action, including observation of senior management meetings, as well as two sets of one-on-one interviews and two focus groups, an (...)
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  37.  12
    Thomas Donaldson (1986). Fact, Fiction, and the Social Contract. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (1):40-46.
  38.  14
    Thomas Donaldson (1982). Business Ethics. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1 (2):99-101.
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  39.  13
    Thomas Donaldson (1990). Morals By Agreement. By David Gauthier. Modern Schoolman 68 (1):93-94.
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  40.  23
    Thomas Donaldson (1979). Meaning and the Moral Sciences. Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):203-205.
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  41.  21
    Thomas Donaldson (1990). Morally Privileged Relationships. Journal of Value Inquiry 24 (1):1-15.
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  42.  36
    Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert & David Donaldson (2003). The Axiomatic Approach to Population Ethics. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (3):342-381.
    This article examines several families of population principles in the light of a set of axioms. In addition to the critical-level utilitarian, number-sensitive critical-level utilitarian, and number-dampened utilitarian families and their generalized counterparts, we consider the restricted number-dampened family and introduce two new ones: the restricted critical-level and restricted number-dependent critical-level families. Subsets of the restricted families have non-negative critical levels, avoid the `repugnant conclusion' and satisfy the axiom priority for lives worth living, but violate an important independence condition.
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  43.  24
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Realism. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:11-13.
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  44.  11
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Notes. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:165-185.
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  45.  37
    Thomas Donaldson (1985). Nuclear Deterrence and Self-Defense. Ethics 95 (3):537-548.
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  46.  10
    Thomas Donaldson (1988). Disinvestment. Public Affairs Quarterly 2 (2):37-55.
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  47.  10
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Bhopal. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:110-115.
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  48.  9
    Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). The Ethics of Risk. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:109-110.
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  49.  29
    Thomas Donaldson (2009). Compass and Dead Reckoning: The Dynamic Implications of ISCT. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):659 - 664.
    The dynamic relationship between hypernorms and microsocial contracts can explain novel, evolutionary changes in economic life. The conceptual machinery of Integrative Social Contracts Theory (ISCT) can be expanded in order to understand dynamic moments in the evolution in economic life such as the economic crisis of 2008–2009. When a transition in the ethical interpretation of economic events occurs over time, it can be understood as a transition from the opaqueness of hypernorms to the relative clarity of microsocial contracts. This phenomenon (...)
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  50. Peter Samuel Donaldson (1988). Machiavelli and Mystery of State. Cambridge University Press.
    This book studies the intersection of sacred and secular conceptions of kingship in the Renaissance. The book documents in detail six instances of the attempt to connect Machiavelli's thought to an ancient and secret tradition of political counsel, the arcana imperii, or mysteries of state. The ways in which Renaissance writers attempted such a connection varied widely. In addition to carefully analyzing these arguments, the book documents patterns in their dissemination. Through his connection with mysteries of state, Machiavelli influenced not (...)
     
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