Search results for 'Steve Donaldson' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Steve Donaldson (2008). A Neural Network for Creative Serial Order Cognitive Behavior. Minds and Machines 18 (1):53-91.score: 240.0
    If artificial neural networks are ever to form the foundation for higher level cognitive behaviors in machines or to realize their full potential as explanatory devices for human cognition, they must show signs of autonomy, multifunction operation, and intersystem integration that are absent in most existing models. This model begins to address these issues by integrating predictive learning, sequence interleaving, and sequence creation components to simulate a spectrum of higher-order cognitive behaviors which have eluded the grasp of simpler systems. Its (...)
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  2. Thomas Donaldson (1994). Essay by Thomas Donaldson and Lee E. Preston Presented At: The Toronto Conference–Reflections on Stakeholder Theory. Business and Society 33 (1):105-108.score: 180.0
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  3. J. Elster, K. Moene, Cambridge Cambridge, Jan Faye, John Martin Ed Fisher, Stanford Stanford, E. Forster & Steve Fuller (1990). 555PP-,£ 2500 Davis, Caroline Franks, The Evidential Force of Religious Experience, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1989, 276pp.,£ 27.50 Donaldson, John, Key Issues in Business Ethics, Sidcup, Kent, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Ltd., 1989, 251pp.,£ 25.00, Paper£ 9.95. [REVIEW] Mind 99:393.score: 36.0
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  4. Thomas Donaldson (1985). Multinational Decision-Making: Reconciling International Norms. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 4 (4):357 - 366.score: 30.0
    How should highly-placed multinational managers, typically schooled in home country moral traditions, reconcile conflicts between those traditions and ones of the host country? When host country standards for pollution, discrimination, and salary schedules appear substandard from the perspective of the home country, should the manager take the high road and implement home country standards? Or does the high road imply a failure to respect cultural diversity and national integrity? In this paper, I construct and defend an ethical algorithm for multinational (...)
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  5. Tom Donaldson & Ernie Lepore, Context-Sensitivity.score: 30.0
    (1) I’m Spartacus! [Said by Spartacus] (2) I’m Spartacus! [Said by Antoninus] What Spartacus said was true, and what Antoninus said was not. Yet the two slaves uttered the exact same sentence, so how can this be? Admittedly, the puzzle is not very hard, and its solution is uncontroversial. The first person pronoun “I” is – to use a technical term – context sensitive. When Spartacus uses it, it refers to Spartacus; when Antoninus uses it, it refers to Antoninus. So (...)
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  6. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Cognitive Penetration? (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Four).score: 30.0
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: What counts as cognitive penetration?
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  7. Thomas Donaldson (2012). Three Ethical Roots of the Economic Crisis. Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):5-8.score: 30.0
    On Sept 15, 2008, ‘‘Dark Monday,’’ the world witnessed a radical reshaping of Wall Street. Lehman Brothers fell toward bankruptcy; Merrill Lynch was sold to its rival, Bank of America; and AIG pleaded for $40 billion in government relief. Those calamities marched in step with a dismal parade including the US government takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the bailout of Bear Stearns, and the entire subprime debacle. We rightly blame Wall Street leaders for bungling business decisions, for misestimating (...)
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  8. Thomas Donaldson (1989). Moral Minimums for Multinationals. Ethics and International Affairs 3 (1):163–182.score: 30.0
    Donaldson argues that major changes are necessary in the decision-making process as well as in the conduct of multinational corporations in order to exercise moral obligations and meet culture-specific needs of host countries.
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  9. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Report on the Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning.score: 30.0
    This report highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012: 1. How should we demarcate perceptual learning from perceptual development? 2. What are the origins of multimodal associations? 3. Does our representation of time provide an amodal framework for multi-sensory integration? 4. What counts as cognitive penetration? 5. How can philosophers and psychologists most fruitfully collaborate?
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  10. Thomas Donaldson & Thomas W. Dunfee (1995). Integrative Social Contracts Theory. Economics and Philosophy 11 (01):85-.score: 30.0
    Difficult moral issues in economic life, such as evaluating the impact of hostile takeovers and plant relocations or determining the obligations of business to the environment, constitute the raison d'etre of business ethics. Yet, while the ultimate resolution of such issues clearly requires detailed, normative analysis, a shortcoming of business ethics is that to date it has failed to develop an adequate normative theory.1 The failing is especially acute when it results in an inability to provide a basis for fine-grained (...)
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  11. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Recognizing Emotion in Music (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Six).score: 30.0
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: How do we recognize distinct types of emotion in music?
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  12. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Philosophy/Psychology Collaboration (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Five).score: 30.0
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: How can philosophers and psychologists most fruitfully collaborate?
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  13. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Multimodal Associations (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Two).score: 30.0
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: What are the origins of multimodal associations?
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  14. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Perceptual Learning and Development (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question One).score: 30.0
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: How should we demarcate perceptual learning from perceptual development?
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  15. Kevin Connolly, John Donaldson, David M. Gray, Emily McWilliams, Sofia Ortiz-Hinojosa & David Suarez, Multi-Sensory Integration and Time (Network for Sensory Research Toronto Workshop on Perceptual Learning: Question Three).score: 30.0
    This is an excerpt from a report that highlights and explores five questions which arose from the workshop on perceptual learning and perceptual recognition at the University of Toronto, Mississauga on May 10th and 11th, 2012. This excerpt explores the question: Does our representation of time provide and amodal framework for multi-sensory integration?
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  16. Thomas Donaldson (2001). The Ethical Wealth of Nations. Journal of Business Ethics 31 (1):25 - 36.score: 30.0
    Michael Porter argues that some nations manifest a competitive advantage deriving from key elements of their economic structure. Some nations are thus disposed by structure to possess what Porter calls a "competitive advantage of nations" (Porter, 1990). In this paper I examine the prospect of an ethical advantage of nations, and in particular, of a set of advantages that extend far beyond the simple dimension of trust so often discussed. I consider, further, how such a range of ethical features would (...)
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  17. Thomas Donaldson (1995). International Deontology Defended: A Response to Russell Hardin. Ethics and International Affairs 9 (1):147–154.score: 30.0
    Donaldson argues that agreeing with Hardin to banish deontological justifications from international discussion amounts to abandoning the power of deontology to interpret political intent and to establish hard limits on political behavior.
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  18. Sue Donaldson & Will Kymlicka (2011). Zoopolis: A Political Theory of Animal Rights. Oup Oxford.score: 30.0
    For many people "animal rights" suggests campaigns against factory farms, vivisection or other aspects of our woeful treatment of animals. Zoopolis moves beyond this familiar terrain, focusing not on what we must stop doing to animals, but on how we can establish positive and just relationships with different types of animals.
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  19. Thomas Donaldson (1985). Nuclear Deterrence and Self-Defense. Ethics 95 (3):537-548.score: 30.0
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  20. Bradley R. Agle, Thomas Donaldson & R. Edward Freeman (2008). Dialogue: Toward Superior Stakeholder Theory. Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (2):153-190.score: 30.0
    A quick look at what is happening in the corporate world makes it clear that the stakeholder idea is alive, well, and flourishing; and the question now is not “if ” but “how” stakeholder theory will meet the challenges of its success. Does stakeholder theory’s “arrival” mean continued dynamism, refinement, and relevance, or stasis? How will superior stakeholder theory continue to develop? In light of these and related questions, the authors of these essays conducted an ongoing dialogue on the current (...)
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  21. Thomas Donaldson (2009). Compass and Dead Reckoning: The Dynamic Implications of ISCT. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):659 - 664.score: 30.0
    The dynamic relationship between hypernorms and microsocial contracts can explain novel, evolutionary changes in economic life. The conceptual machinery of Integrative Social Contracts Theory (ISCT) can be expanded in order to understand dynamic moments in the evolution in economic life such as the economic crisis of 2008–2009. When a transition in the ethical interpretation of economic events occurs over time, it can be understood as a transition from the opaqueness of hypernorms to the relative clarity of microsocial contracts. This phenomenon (...)
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  22. Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert & David Donaldson (1997). Critical-Level Utilitarianism and the Population-Ethics Dilemma. Economics and Philosophy 13 (2):197-.score: 30.0
    Advances in technology have made it possible for us to take actions that affect the numbers and identities of humans and other animals that will live in the future. Effective and inexpensive birth control, child allowances, genetic screening, safe abortion, in vitro fertilization, the education of young women, sterilization programs, environmental degradation and war all have these effects. Although it is true that a good deal of effort has been devoted to the practical side of population policy, moral theory has (...)
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  23. Charles Blackorby, Walter Bossert & David Donaldson (2003). The Axiomatic Approach to Population Ethics. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (3):342-381.score: 30.0
    This article examines several families of population principles in the light of a set of axioms. In addition to the critical-level utilitarian, number-sensitive critical-level utilitarian, and number-dampened utilitarian families and their generalized counterparts, we consider the restricted number-dampened family and introduce two new ones: the restricted critical-level and restricted number-dependent critical-level families. Subsets of the restricted families have non-negative critical levels, avoid the `repugnant conclusion' and satisfy the axiom priority for lives worth living, but violate an important independence condition.
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  24. Thomas Donaldson (1990). Social Contracts and Corporations: A Reply to Hodapp. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 9 (2):133 - 137.score: 30.0
    In this reply to Professor Hodapp's criticism of my social contract theory, I focus on the misinterpretations I believe Professor Hodapp makes of the social contract tradition as well as my version of the contract. By misinterpreting the underlying purpose of social contract theory, he neglects the contract's heuristic or functional dimension, something that leads him to downplay the importance of the contract as a conceptual catalyst. And by adopting an overly narrow notion of rationality, he imagines circularity where none (...)
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  25. Thomas Donaldson (1991). Moral Mazes: The World of Corporate Managers, Robert Jackall. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988, Vii + 249 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 7 (02):295-.score: 30.0
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  26. Thomas Donaldson & R. Edward Freeman (eds.) (1994). Business as a Humanity. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    This latest volume in the acclaimed Ruffin Series in Business Ethics brings together the contributions to the annual Ruffin Lecture series, in which some of the leading scholars in business ethics addressed the question: Can business, and business education, be considered one of the humanities, or is it in a class by itself? At a time when business is coming under attack for its apparent transgressions, this book iluminates the special values that inhere in the business world. Arguing all sides (...)
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  27. Thomas Donaldson (2008). Hedge Fund Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 18 (3):405-416.score: 30.0
    Hedge funds are targets of mounting ethical criticism. The most salient focuses on their opacity. Hedge funds are structured to block transparency for strategic reasons: that is, they systematically deny information to their own investors and to governments in order to protect their competitive advantage, even though the information they hide holds tremendous significance for the interests of both groups. In this article I will detail the ethical allegations made against hedge funds, showing why their opacity creates intractable conflicts that (...)
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  28. Thomas J. Donaldson (1982). What is Business in America? Journal of Business Ethics 1 (4):259 - 266.score: 30.0
    This paper, presented at the Conference on Value Issues in Business at Millsaps College, is divided into three parts. The first sketches the logic of the evolution of U.S. business and suggests reasons for its remarkable success. The second assesses the power of U.S. business in modern society, both from an economic and political perspective. The third attempts to formulate the underlying philosophy of U.S. business using ideals such as the work ethic, entrepreneurism, democracy, and equality. Some of these ideals, (...)
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  29. Craig Mitton & Cam Donaldson (2003). Resource Allocation in Health Care: Health Economics and Beyond. Health Care Analysis 11 (3):245-257.score: 30.0
    As resources in health care are scarce, managers and clinicians must make difficult choices about what to fund and what not to fund. At the level of a regional health authority, limited approaches to aid decision makers in shifting resources across major service portfolios exist. A participatory action research project was conducted in the Calgary Health Region. Through five phases of action, including observation of senior management meetings, as well as two sets of one-on-one interviews and two focus groups, an (...)
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  30. Thomas Donaldson (1990). Morally Privileged Relationships. Journal of Value Inquiry 24 (1):1-15.score: 30.0
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  31. Thomas J. Donaldson (1978). A Mistake in Anscombe's Account of Voluntary Action. Journal of Value Inquiry 12 (4):307-310.score: 30.0
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  32. Thomas Donaldson (1995). Book Review:Competing with Integrity in International Business. Richard T. DeGeorge. [REVIEW] Ethics 106 (1):215-.score: 30.0
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  33. Lex Donaldson (2008). Ethics Problems and Problems with Ethics: Toward a Pro-Management Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3):299 - 311.score: 30.0
    The move towards having more teaching of business ethics comes in part from a tendency to view managers negatively, drawing on anti-management theories that are presently popular in business schools. This can lead to a misdiagnosis of the causes of contemporary business problems. Teaching business ethics can, however, be ineffectual and counter-productive. Education in ethical philosophy can lead managers to be indecisive, sceptical or to rationalize poor conduct. The ethics of academics become salient and lapses in them undercut their claims (...)
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  34. Thomas Donaldson (1992). The Language of International Corporate Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (3):271-281.score: 30.0
    This paper identifies six basic languages of morals and shows that while in general it is impossible to say that one moral language is better, some languages are better for the purpose of characterizing international corporate responsibility. In particular, moral languages that imly minimum rather than perfectionist standards of behavior, and which are not overly dependent on analogy with human moral psychology, are better than ones ranging broadly over both minimum and maximum standards and requiring analogy to human beings. Languages (...)
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  35. Thomas Donaldson (2002). The Stakeholder Revolution and the Clarkson Principles. Business Ethics Quarterly 12 (2):107-112.score: 30.0
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  36. Thomas Donaldson (1987). Nonstrategic Nuclear Thinking:The Logic of Deterrence. Anthony Kenny; Nuclear Weapons and the Future of Humanity: The Fundamental Questions. Avner Cohen, Steven Lee. Ethics 97 (3):638-.score: 30.0
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  37. Joseph O'Malley, E. C. Rust, Georce L. Donaldson, Ronald S. Laura & Edward A. Synan (1976). Books in Review. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (1):317-325.score: 30.0
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  38. Philipp Schreck, Dominik van Aaken & Thomas Donaldson (2013). Positive Economics and the Normativistic Fallacy. Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (2):297-329.score: 30.0
    In response to criticism of empirical or “positive” approaches to corporate social responsibility (CSR), we defend the importance of these approaches for any CSR theory that seeks to have practical impact. Although we acknowledge limitations to positive approaches, we unpack the neglected but crucial relationships between positive knowledge on the one hand and normative knowledge on the other in the implementation of CSR principles. Using the structure of a practical syllogism, we construct a model that displays the key role of (...)
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  39. Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Rights. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:66-77.score: 30.0
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  40. Thomas Donaldson (1984). Book Review:Ethics in the World of Business. David Braybrooke. [REVIEW] Ethics 95 (1):167-.score: 30.0
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  41. Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Realism. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:11-13.score: 30.0
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  42. Thomas Donaldson (2001). Multinational Decision Making. In Alan R. Malachowski (ed.), Business Ethics: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management. Routledge. 3--57.score: 30.0
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  43. Aidan Donaldson (1988). Natural Law and Human Dignity. Irish Philosophical Journal 5 (1/2):126-130.score: 30.0
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  44. Thomas Donaldson (1986). The Ethics of Risk in the Global Economy. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (3/4):31-49.score: 30.0
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  45. Thomas Donaldson (1994). When Integration Fails. Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):157-169.score: 30.0
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  46. Thomas Donaldson (forthcoming). Bhopal. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:110-115.score: 30.0
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  47. Thomas Donaldson (1982). Business Ethics. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1 (2):99-101.score: 30.0
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  48. Thomas Donaldson (1990). Morals By Agreement. By David Gauthier. Modern Schoolman 68 (1):93-94.score: 30.0
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  49. Kathleen N. Lohr & Molla S. Donaldson (1990). Assuring Quality of Care for the Elderly. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (3):244-253.score: 30.0
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  50. Thomas Donaldson (2000). Are Business Managers “Professionals”? Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):83-94.score: 30.0
    This paper examines two issues about professionalism and business that appear at first blush to be entirely separate. The first is the question of who counts as a “professional,” and whether, in particular, business people are “professionals.” The second issue is howacknowledged professionals that regularly interact with business, such as accountants, lawyers, and physicians, can find the moral free space necessary to maintain professional integrity in the face of financial pressures. Conflicts of interest for professionals working incorporations recur with disturbing (...)
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