Search results for 'Steven J. Spencer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Steven J. Spencer, Christian H. Jordan, Christine Er Logel, Mark P. Zanna, A. Tesser, J. V. Wood & D. A. Stapel (2005). Nagging Doubts and a Glimmer of Hope: The Role of Implicit Self-Esteem in Self-Image Maintenance. In Abraham Tesser, Joanne V. Wood & Diederik A. Stapel (eds.), On Building, Defending and Regulating the Self: A Psychological Perspective. Psychology Press.score: 870.0
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  2. Steven J. Spencer, Steven Fein, Erin J. Strahan & Mark P. Zanna (2005). The Role of Motivation in the Unconscious: How Our Motives Control the Activation of Our Thoughts and Shape Our Actions. In Joseph P. Forgas, Kipling D. Williams & Simon M. Laham (eds.), Social Motivation: Conscious and Unconscious Processes. Cambridge University Press. 113-129.score: 870.0
  3. J. O'Brien & J. Spencer (2004). Perceptual Deficits in Autism and Asperger Syndrome: Form and Motion Processing. In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell Publishing. 33--28.score: 280.0
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  4. Darrell J. Gaskin, Christine S. Spencer, Patrick Richard, Gerard Anderson, Neil R. Powe & Thomas A. LaVeist (2011). Do Minority Patients Use Lower Quality Hospitals? Inquiry 48 (3):209.score: 280.0
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  5. Kevin J. Reilly & Kristie A. Spencer (2013). Speech Serial Control in Healthy Speakers and Speakers with Hypokinetic or Ataxic Dysarthria: Effects of Sequence Length and Practice. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 280.0
  6. C. Tillman & J. Spencer (2012). Musical Materialism and the Inheritance Problem. Analysis 72 (2):252-259.score: 240.0
    Some hold that musical works are fusions of, or coincide with, their performances. But if performances contain wrong notes, won't works inherit that property? We say ‘no’.
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  7. J. R. Spencer (2002). A Point of Contention: The Scriptural Basis for the Jehovah's Witnesses' Refusal of Blood Transfusions. Christian Bioethics 8 (1):63-90.score: 240.0
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  8. Sarah E. Oberlander & Robert J. Spencer (2006). Graduate Students and the Culture of Authorship. Ethics and Behavior 16 (3):217 – 232.score: 240.0
    In the last 50 years, multiauthored publications have become more prevalent, given the increasing number of collaborative, interdisciplinary, multicenter research studies. The determination of authorship credit and order is a difficult process, especially for graduate students, whose disadvantaged power position in research settings increases their vulnerability to exploitation. The American Psychological Association has published ethical standards for determining authorship credit, but the power difference inherent in the student-faculty relationship may complicate this ethical dilemma. The authors reviewed a number of previously (...)
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  9. J. Spencer (2007). Short Review: Heather Widdows, The Moral Vision of Iris Murdoch (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005). Vii + 182 Pp. 45 (Hb), ISBN 0 7546 3625. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 20 (2):316-317.score: 240.0
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  10. E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop (2013). Authors' Response: Learning, Anticipation and the Brain. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):42-45.score: 240.0
    Upshot: Albeit mostly supportive of our work, the commentaries we received highlighted a few points that deserve additional explanation, with regard to the notion of learning in our model, the relationship between our model and the brain, as well as the notion of anticipation. This open discussion emphasizes the need for toy computer models, to fuel theoretical discussion and prevent business-as-usual from getting in the way of new ideas.
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  11. Terry J. Spencer & Richard Shuntich (1970). Evidence for an Interruption Theory of Backward Masking. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):198.score: 240.0
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  12. T. J. B. Spencer (1957). Robert Wood and the Problem of Troy in the Eighteenth Century. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 20 (1/2):75-105.score: 240.0
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  13. Slawomir J. Nasuto, John Mark Bishop, Etienne B. Roesch & Matthew C. Spencer (forthcoming). Zombie Mouse in a Chinese Room. Philosophy and Technology:1-15.score: 240.0
    John Searle’s Chinese Room Argument (CRA) purports to demonstrate that syntax is not sufficient for semantics, and, hence, because computation cannot yield understanding, the computational theory of mind, which equates the mind to an information processing system based on formal computations, fails. In this paper, we use the CRA, and the debate that emerged from it, to develop a philosophical critique of recent advances in robotics and neuroscience. We describe results from a body of work that contributes to blurring the (...)
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  14. Li Qian, Yu Huang, C. Ian Spencer, Amy Foley, Vasanth Vedantham, Lei Liu, Simon J. Conway, Ji-Dong Fu & Deepak Srivastava (2012). In Vivo Reprogramming of Murine Cardiac Fibroblasts Into Induced Cardiomyocytes. In Jeffrey Kastner (ed.), Nature. Mit Press. 593-598.score: 240.0
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  15. E. B. Roesch, M. Spencer, S. J. Nasuto, T. Tanay & J. M. Bishop (2013). Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):26-33.score: 240.0
    Context: Constructivist approaches to cognition have mostly been descriptive, and now face the challenge of specifying the mechanisms that may support the acquisition of knowledge. Departing from cognitivism, however, requires the development of a new functional framework that will support causal, powerful and goal-directed behavior in the context of the interaction between the organism and the environment. Problem: The properties affecting the computational power of this interaction are, however, unclear, and may include partial information from the environment, exploration, distributed processing (...)
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  16. Terry J. Spencer, Larry Hawkes & Gregory Mattson (1972). Effect of a Forward Indicator on Backward Masking. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):297.score: 240.0
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  17. Bruce K. Christensen, Justine Margret Yau Spencer, Jelena P. King, Allison B. Sekuler & Patrick J. Bennett (2013). Noise as a Mechanism of Anomalous Face Processing Among Persons with Schizophrenia. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 240.0
    There is substantial evidence that people with Schizophrenia (SCZ) have altered visual perception and cognition, including impaired face processing. However, the mechanism(s) underlying this observation are not yet known. Eye movement studies have found that people with SCZ do not direct their gaze to the most informative regions of the face (e.g., the eyes). This suggests that SCZ patients may be less able to extract the most relevant face information and therefore have decreased calculation efficiency. In addition, research with non-face (...)
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  18. Kenneth G. Johnson, Stephen J. Brooks, Phillip B. Fenberg, Adrian G. Glover, Karen E. James, Adrian M. Lister, Ellinor Michel, Mark Spencer, Jonathan A. Todd & Eugenia Valsami-Jones (2011). Climate Change and Biosphere Response: Unlocking the Collections Vault. Bioscience 61 (2):147-153.score: 240.0
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  19. Dónal P. O'Mathúna, Steven Pryjmachuk, Wayne Spencer, Michael Stanwick & Stephen Matthiesen (2002). A Critical Evaluation of the Theory and Practice of Therapeutic Touch. Nursing Philosophy 3 (2):163-176.score: 240.0
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  20. Diana Spencer (1998). Alexander for Romans J. E. Atkinson: A Commentary on Q. Curtius Rufus' Historiae Alexandri Magni Books 5 to 7,2. (Acta Classica, Supplement 1.) Pp. Iv + 284, 6 Maps. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1994. Paper. ISBN: 90-256-1037-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (01):54-56.score: 240.0
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  21. Terry J. Spencer (1971). Encoding Time From Iconic Storage: A Single-Letter Visual Display. Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (1):18.score: 240.0
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  22. Antony Black, Brett Bowden, Bruce Buchan, Joseph Chan, Fred Dallmayr, Nelly Lahoud, Cary J. Nederman, Philip Nel, Makarand Parajape, Anthony Parel, Vicki A. Spencer, Alistair Swale & Peter Zarrow (2008). Western Political Thought in Dialogue with Asia. Lexington Books.score: 240.0
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  23. Luba Sominsky & Sarah J. Spencer (2014). Eating Behavior and Stress: A Pathway to Obesity. Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 240.0
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  24. Justine M. Y. Spencer, Allison B. Sekuler, Patrick J. Bennett & Bruce K. Christensen (2013). Contribution of Coherent Motion to the Perception of Biological Motion Among Persons with Schizophrenia. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 240.0
    People with schizophrenia (SCZ) are impaired in several domains of visual processing, including the discrimination and detection of biological motion. However, the mechanisms underlying SCZ-related biological motion processing deficits are unknown. Moreover, whether these impairments are specific to biological motion or represent a more widespread visual motion processing deficit is unclear. In the current study, three experiments were conducted to investigate the contribution of global coherent motion processing to biological motion perception among patients with SCZ. In Experiments 1 and 2, (...)
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  25. Terry J. Spencer (1969). Some Effects of Different Masking Stimuli on Iconic Storage. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):132.score: 240.0
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  26. Albert R. Spencer (2013). The Dialogues as Dramatic Rehearsal: Plato's Republic and the Moral Accounting Metaphor. The Pluralist 8 (2):26-35.score: 120.0
    In John Dewey & Moral Imagination, Steven Fesmire blames "Plato's low estimation of imagination in the Republic and Ion" for the denigration of imagination's role in moral deliberation (61). He argues that John Dewey's dramatic rehearsal better integrates imagination into the process of moral deliberation. His treatment of Plato represents a habit among pragmatists to reduce Dewey's reading of Plato to the polemics present in major works, such as The Quest for Certainty. In fact, Plato was Dewey's favorite philosopher, (...)
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  27. Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson & John P. Spencer (2011). Come Down From the Clouds: Grounding Bayesian Insights in Developmental and Behavioral Processes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):204-206.score: 120.0
    According to Jones & Love (J&L), Bayesian theories are too often isolated from other theories and behavioral processes. Here, we highlight examples of two types of isolation from the field of word learning. Specifically, Bayesian theories ignore emergence, critical to development theory, and have not probed the behavioral details of several key phenomena, such as the effect.
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  28. J. Spencer Clark & Steven P. Camicia (2014). Fostering Preservice Teachers' Sense of Historical Agency Through the Use of Nonfiction Graphic Novels. Journal of Social Studies Research 38 (1):1-13.score: 87.0
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  29. S. J. Chapman (1908). Book Review:The Problem of Boy Work. Spencer J. Gibb. [REVIEW] Ethics 18 (3):405-.score: 78.0
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  30. Henry Sidgwick (1902/1996). Lectures on the Ethics of T.H. Green, Mr. Herbert Spencer, and J. Martineau. Thoemmes Press.score: 72.0
  31. T. E. Jessop (1940). The Man Versus the State as a Present Issue. The Herbert Spencer Lecture, 1939. By J. H. Muirhead, LL.D., F.B.A. (London: G. Allen & Unwin. 1939. Pp. 31. Price 1s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 15 (57):105-.score: 72.0
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  32. Tara Welch (2009). The Topography of Rome (D.H.J.) Larmour, (D.) Spencer (Edd.) The Sites of Rome. Time, Space, Memory. Pp. Xvi + 436, Ills, Maps. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Cased, £75. ISBN: 978-0-19-921749-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 59 (02):595-.score: 72.0
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  33. D. N. Byrne (2013). Book Review: Herder’s Political Thought: A Study of Language, Culture and Community. [REVIEW] Political Science 65 (1):126.score: 48.0
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  34. Robert J. Richards, The Relation of Spencer's Evolutionary Theory to Darwin's.score: 30.0
    Our image of Herbert Spencer is that of a bald, dyspeptic bachelor, spending his days in rooming houses, and fussing about government interference with individual liberties. Beatrice Webb, who knew him as a girl and young woman recalls for us just this picture. In her diary for January 4, 1885, she writes: Royal Academy private view with Herbert Spencer. His criticisms on art dreary, all bound down by the “possible” if not probable. That poor old man (...)
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  35. Jonathan J. Sanford (ed.) (2012). Spider-Man and Philosophy: The Web of Inquiry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc..score: 30.0
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction Part One. The Spectacular Life of Spider-Man? 1. Does Peter Parker Have a Good Life? Neil Mussett 2. What Price Atonement? Peter Parker and the Infinite Debt Taneli Kukkonen "My Name is Peter Parker": Unmasking the Right and the Good Mark D. White Part Two. Responsibility-Man 4. "With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility": Spider-Man, Christian Ethics, and the Problem of Evil Adam Barkman 5. Does Great Power Bring Great Responsibility? Spider-Man and the Good Samaritan J. (...)
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  36. Christopher J. Berry, Maria Pia Paganelli & Craig Smith (eds.) (2013). The Oxford Handbook of Adam Smith. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    Preface Introduction Christopher J. Berry: Adam Smith: Outline of Life, Times, and Legacy Part One: Adam Smith: Heritage and Contemporaries 1: Nicholas Phillipson: Adam Smith: A Biographer's Reflections 2: Leonidas Montes: Newtonianism and Adam Smith 3: Dennis C. Rasmussen: Adam Smith and Rousseau: Enlightenment and counter-Enlightenment 4: Christopher J. Berry: Adam Smith and Early Modern Thought Part Two: Adam Smith on Language, Art and Culture 5: Catherine Labio: Adam Smith's Aesthetics 6: James Chandler: Adam Smith as Critic 7: Michael C. (...)
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  37. J. T. Bixby (2000). Herbert Spencer's Data of Ethics. In John Offer (ed.), Herbert Spencer: Critical Assessments. Routledge. 3--292.score: 30.0
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  38. J. Wiedermann (2013). Towards Constructive Foundations of Cognitivism: Breaking in Open Doors? Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):38-40.score: 30.0
    Open peer commentary on the article “Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory” by Etienne B. Roesch, Matthew Spencer, Slawomir J. Nasuto, Thomas Tanay & J. Mark Bishop. Upshot: We challenge the authors’ claim in the target article that “departing from cognitivism requires the development of a new functional framework that will support causal, powerful and goal-directed behavior in the context of the interaction between the organism and the environment.” We argue that rather (...)
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  39. Charles C. Perkins Jr, Richard G. Seymann, Donald J. Levis & H. Randolph Spencer Jr (1966). Factors Affecting Preference for Signal-Shock Over Shock-Signal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (2):190.score: 28.0
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  40. Spencer J. Pack & Eric Schliesser (2006). Smith's Humean Criticism of Hume's Account of the Origin of Justice. Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (1):47-63.score: 24.0
    : It is argued that Adam Smith criticizes David Hume's account of the origin of and continuing adherence to the rule of law for being not sufficiently Humean. Hume explained that adherence to the rule of law originated in the self-interest to restrain self-interest. According to Smith, Hume does not pay enough attention to the passions of resentment and admiration, which have their source in the imagination. Smith's offers a more naturalistic and evolutionary account of the psychological pre-conditions of the (...)
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  41. Spencer J. Pack (2008). Aristotle's Difficult Relationship With Modern Economic Theory. Foundations of Science 13 (3-4):265-280.score: 24.0
    This paper reviews Aristotle’s problematic relationship with modern economic theory. It argues that in terms of value and income distribution theory, Aristotle should probably be seen as a precursor to neither classical nor neoclassical economic thought. Indeed, there are strong arguments to be made that Aristotle’s views are completely at odds with all modern economic theory, since, among other things, he was not necessarily concerned with flexible market prices, opposed the use of money to acquire more money, and did not (...)
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  42. Roberto Cordeschi (2000). Early-Connectionism Machines. Artificial Intelligence and Society 14 (3-4):314-330.score: 24.0
    In this paper I put forward a reconstruction of the evolution of certain explanatory hypotheses on the neural basis of association and learning that are the premises of connectionism in the cybernetic age and of present-day connectionism. The main point of my reconstruction is based on two little-known case studies. The first is the project, published in 1913, of a hydraulic machine through which its author believed it was possible to simulate certain essential elements of the plasticity of nervous connections. (...)
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  43. Thomas R. Whittier, Steven G. Paulsen, David P. Larsen, Spencer A. Peterson, Alan T. Herlihy & Philip R. Kaufmann (2002). Indicators of Ecological Stress and Their Extent in the Population of Northeastern Lakes: A Regional-Scale Assessment Although Stressors Such as Nonnative Fish Introductions, Mercury Contamination, and Shoreline Alteration Are Not Generally Considered Subjects for Environmental Management, They Are as Widespread as Eutrophication, and More Extensive Than Acidification, in the Lakes of the Northeastern States. Bioscience 52 (3):235-247.score: 24.0
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  44. Robert Brown (1997). The Delayed Birth of Social Experiments. History of the Human Sciences 10 (2):1-21.score: 24.0
    In the 19th century it was widely believed that scientific experiments on social issues were not, and never would be, feasible. Not only was social behaviour unpredictable in principle, but subjecting people to experimentation would be immoral. Although Comte, J. S. Mill, C. G. Lewis, and Herbert Spencer all argued to this conclusion, they also believed that natural innovations in society provided an adequate sub stitute for planned experiments. The question to be examined here is how such beliefs came (...)
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  45. Spencer J. Maxcy (1985). The Democratic "Myth" and the Search for a Rational Concept of Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 17 (1):22–37.score: 24.0
  46. Joseph Barcroft, E. W. Birmingham, Max Born, R. B. Braithwaite, W. Maude Brayshaw, G. A. Chase, Henry Dale, Howard Diamond, Herbert Dingle, Winifred Eddington, Wilson Harris, G. B. Jeffery, Martin Johnson, Rufus M. Jones, Harold Spencer Jones, Kathleen Lonsdale, E. J. Maskell, A. Victor Murray, C. E. Raven, F. J. M. Stratton, Hilda Sturge, W. H. Thorpe, Henry T. Tizard, G. M. Trevelyan, Elsie Watchorn, A. N. Whitehead, Edmund T. Whittaker, Alex Wood & H. G. Wood (1946). Arthur Stanley Eddington Memorial Lectureship. Philosophy 21 (80):287-.score: 24.0
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  47. M. V. Butz (2013). Reactive Rules Alone Cannot Construct Cognition. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):34-35.score: 24.0
    Open peer commentary on the article “Exploration of the Functional Properties of Interaction: Computer Models and Pointers for Theory” by Etienne B. Roesch, Matthew Spencer, Slawomir J. Nasuto, Thomas Tanay & J. Mark Bishop. Upshot: Although the authors investigate a form of distributed swarm intelligence and solve some problems with it – including sorting and summing – the major goal, which is constructing cognition, cannot be achieved by this approach alone. I propose that anticipatory mechanisms have the potential to (...)
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  48. Spencer J. Maxcy (2002). Ethical School Leadership. Scarecrow Press.score: 24.0
    This book provides an up-to-date treatment of the subject without arcane terminology or abstract argument.
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