Search results for 'Steven W. Horst' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Steven Horst (Wesleyan University)
  1.  66
    Steven W. Horst (2007). Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press.
    Contemporary philosophers of mind tend to assume that the world of nature can be reduced to basic physics. Yet there are features of the mind consciousness, intentionality, normativity that do not seem to be reducible to physics or neuroscience. This explanatory gap between mind and brain has thus been a major cause of concern in recent philosophy of mind. Reductionists hold that, despite all appearances, the mind can be reduced to the brain. Eliminativists hold that it cannot, and that this (...)
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  2.  0
    Steven W. Horst (1999). Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):832-835.
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  3.  45
    Steven Horst (1995). Eliminativism and the Ambiguity of `Belief'. Synthese 104 (1):123-45.
    It has recently been claimed (1) that mental states such as beliefs are theoretical entities and (2) that they are therefore, in principle, subject to theoretical elimination if intentional psychology were to be supplanted by a psychology not employing mentalistic notions. Debate over these two issues is seriously hampered by the fact that the key terms 'theoretical' and 'belief' are ambiguous. This article argues that there is only one sense of 'theoretical' that is of use to the eliminativist, and in (...)
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  4.  17
    Steven Horst (1996). Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind. University of California Press.
    In this carefully argued critique, Steven Horst pronounces the theory deficient.
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  5.  21
    Hans D. Muller (1999). Steven W. Horst, Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 9 (3):424-430.
  6. P. B. Andersen (1999). Does Mind Matter?('Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality'by Steven W. Horst). Semiotica 123 (3-4):327-342.
     
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  7.  68
    Steven Horst (1999). Symbols and Computation: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind. Minds and Machines 9 (3):347-381.
    Over the past several decades, the philosophical community has witnessed the emergence of an important new paradigm for understanding the mind.1 The paradigm is that of machine computation, and its influence has been felt not only in philosophy, but also in all of the empirical disciplines devoted to the study of cognition. Of the several strategies for applying the resources provided by computer and cognitive science to the philosophy of mind, the one that has gained the most attention from philosophers (...)
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  8.  41
    Steven Horst (2011). Laws, Mind, and Free Will. MIT Press.
    Since the seventeenth century, our understanding of the natural world has been one of phenomena that behave in accordance with natural laws. While other elements of the early modern scientific worldview may be rejected or at least held in question—the metaphor of the world as a great machine, the narrowly mechanist assumption that all physical interactions must be contact interactions, the idea that matter might actually be obeying rules laid down by its Divine Author – the notion of natural law (...)
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  9.  4
    Steven Horst (2011). Laws, Mind, and Free Will. A Bradford Book.
    An account of scientific laws that vindicates the status of psychological laws and shows natural laws to be compatible with free will.
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  10.  4
    Steven Horst (2014). Miracles and Two Accounts of Scientific Laws. Zygon 49 (2):323-347.
    Since early modernity, it has often been assumed that miracles are incompatible with the existence of the natural laws utilized in the sciences. This paper argues that this assumption is largely an artifact of empiricist accounts of laws that should be rejected for reasons internal to philosophy of science, and that no such incompatibility arises on the most important alternative interpretations, which treat laws as expressions of forces, dispositions, or causal powers.
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  11. Steven Horst (2005). Phenomenology and Psychophysics. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):1-21.
    Recent philosophy of mind has tended to treat.
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  12. Steven Horst (2009). Naturalisms in Philosophy of Mind. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):219-254.
    Most contemporary philosophers of mind claim to be in search of a 'naturalistic' theory. However, when we look more closely, we find that there are a number of different and even conflicting ideas of what would count as a 'naturalization' of the mind. This article attempts to show what various naturalistic philosophies of mind have in common, and also how they differ from one another. Additionally, it explores the differences between naturalistic philosophies of mind and naturalisms found in ethics, epistemology, (...)
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  13.  98
    Steven Horst, Laws, Idealization, and the Status of Psychology.
    The SPP is, among other things, a place where we discuss nagging and perennial problems on the bordermarches between philosophy and the sciences. Sometimes problems are nagging and perennial because they are deep and difficult. And sometimes they are merely an artifact, a shadow cast by our own way of formulating the problem. I should like to suggest to you that philosophy of mind suffers badly from being the last refuge of the best philosophy of science of the 1950's, and (...)
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  14.  45
    Steven Horst (1999). Evolutionary Explanation and the Hard Problem of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (1):39-48.
    Chalmers and others have argued that physicalist microexplanation is incapable of solving the ‘hard problem’ of consciousness. This article examines whether evolutionary accounts of the mind, such as those developed by Millikan, Dretske and Flanagan, can add anything to make up for the possible short falls of more reductionist accounts. I argue that they cannot, because evolutionary accounts explain by appeal to a selectional history that only comes into the picture if consciousness can first arise due to spontaneous mutation in (...)
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  15.  59
    Steven Horst, The Computational Theory of Mind. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Over the past thirty years, it is been common to hear the mind likened to a digital computer. This essay is concerned with a particular philosophical view that holds that the mind literally is a digital computer (in a specific sense of “computer” to be developed), and that thought literally is a kind of computation. This view—which will be called the “Computational Theory of Mind” (CTM)—is thus to be distinguished from other and broader attempts to connect the mind with computation, (...)
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  16. Steven Horst, How (Not) to Give a Theory of Concepts.
    This paper presents the lineaments of a new account of concepts. The foundations of the account are four ideas taken from recent cognitive science, though most of them have important philosophical precursors. The first is the idea that human conceptuality shares important continuities with psychological faculties of other animals, and indeed that there is a well-distinguished hierarchy of such faculties that extend up and down the phylogenetic scale. While it would very likely be a mistake to look at some conglomeration (...)
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  17. Steven Horst, Goldilocks Searches for a Conceptual Semantics.
    This is a relatively breezy version of an exploration of some issues about how to provide a theory of concepts and conceptual semantics. I have also written more conventional versions of some of this material (without the Three Bears motif), though those are set in a broader context.
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  18.  51
    Steven Horst (2002). Evolutionary Explanation and Consciousness. Journal of Psychology and Theology 30 (1):41-50.
  19.  83
    Steven Horst, New Semantics, Physicalism and a Posteriori Necessity.
    The New Semantics (NS) introduced by Kripke and Putnam is often thought to block antiphysicalist arguments that involve an inference from an explanatory gap to a failure of supervenience. But this “NS Rebuttal” depends upon two assumptions that are shown to be dubious. First, it assumes that mental-kind terms are among the kinds of terms to which NS analysis is properly applied. However, there are important differences in this regard between the behavior of notions like ‘pain’ and notions like ‘water’, (...)
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  20.  48
    Steven Horst, Beyond Reduction: What Can Philosophy of Mind Learn From Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science? The Order Project: Online Discussion Papers.
    Recent debates about the metaphysics of mind have tended to assume that inter-theoretic reductions are the norm in the natural sciences. With this assumption in place, the apparent explanatory gaps surrounding consciousness and intentionality seem unique, fascinating, and perhaps metaphysically significant. Over the past several decades, however, philosophers of science have largely rejected the notions that inter-theoretic reduction is either widespread in the natural sciences or a litmus for the legitimacy of the special sciences. If we adopt a post-reductionist philosophy (...)
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  21.  15
    Steven Horst (2013). Notions of Intuition in the Cognitive Science of Religion. The Monist 96 (3):377-398.
    This article examines the notions of “intuitive” and “counterintuitive” beliefs and concepts in cognitive science of religion. “Intuitive” states are contrasted with those that are products of explicit, conscious reasoning. In many cases the intuitions are grounded in the implicit rules of mental models, frames, or schemas. I argue that the pathway from intuitive to high theological concepts and beliefs may be distinct from that from intuitions to “folk religion,” and discuss how Christian theology might best interpret the results of (...)
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  22.  36
    Steven Horst (1992). Notions of 'Representation' in Philosophy and Empirical Research. In Proceedings of the Conference on Cognition and Representation.
  23.  22
    Steven Horst (2011). Reply to Silberstein. Philosophical Psychology 24 (4):575-584.
    This response to Silberstein's review undertakes two tasks. First, it attempts to clarify aspects of Cognitive Pluralism and its relationship to anti-reductionism. Second, it engages Silberstein's claim that traditional metaphysics of mind is dead, or at least should no longer be pursued.
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  24.  28
    Steven Horst (2005). Modeling, Localization and the Explanation of Phenomenal Properties: Philosophy and the Cognitive Sciences at the Beginning of the Millennium. Synthese 147 (3):477-513.
    Case studies in the psychophysics, modeling and localization of human vision are presented as an example of.
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  25.  11
    Steven Horst (1998). Our Animal Bodies. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 22 (1):34-61.
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  26.  7
    Steven Horst (2009). Review of Jakob Hohwy, Jesper Kallestrup (Eds.), Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (6).
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  27.  9
    Steven Horst (2006). Review of Nicholas Georgalis, The Primacy of the Subjective: Foundations for a Unified Theory of Mind and Language. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (6).
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  28. Keimpe Algra, Pieter W. Van der Horst & Douwe Runia (eds.) (1996). Polyhistor: Studies in the History and Historiography of Ancient Philosophy. Presented to Jaap Mansfeld on His Sixtieth Birthday. Brill.
    During the past three decades the Utrecht scholar Jaap Mansfeld has built up a formidable reputation in the field of the history of ancient philosophy. This state-of-the-art collection of articles is presented to him by colleagues and friends on his sixtieth birthday.
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  29. Steven Horst (forthcoming). Cognitive Pluralism. MIT Press.
    This book introduces an account of cognitive architecture, Cognitive Pluralism, on which the basic units of understanding are models of particular content domains. Having many mental models is a good adaptive strategy for cognition, but models can be incompatible with one another, leading to paradoxes and inconsistencies of belief, and it may not be possible to integrate the understanding supplied by multiple models into a comprehensive and self-consistent "super model". The book applies the theory to explaining intuitive reasoning and cognitive (...)
     
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  30.  36
    Steven Horst, Mind and the World of Nature.
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  31. Steven Horst (1992). Proceedings of the Conference on Cognition and Representation.
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  32.  55
    Stewart Goetz (2013). Laws, Mind, and Free Will, by Steven Horst. Mind 122 (486):fzt062.
  33.  40
    Alfredo Pereira (2008). Steven Horst, Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind Series. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 18 (3):421-423.
  34.  8
    James Collins (1975). "La Filosofia Della Religione in Kant. I: Dal Dogmatismo Teologico Al Teismo Morale (1755-1783)," by Ada Lamacchia; "Stuttgarter Privatvorlesungen," by Friedrich W.J. Schelling, Ed. Miklos Vetö; "Grundlegung der Positiven Philosophie," by Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling. Ed. Horst Fuhrmans; "Max Scheler," Volume 1: "Fenomenologia E Antropologia Personalistica," and Volume 2: "Filosofia Della Religione," by Giovanni Ferretti. [REVIEW] Modern Schoolman 52 (4):449-451.
  35.  3
    M. L. West (1980). P.W. Van Der Horst: The Sentences of Pseudo-Phocylides. (Studia in Veteris Testamenti Pseudepigrapha, Iv.) Pp. Xii + 295. Leiden: Brill, 1978. Fl. 76. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 30 (01):136-137.
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  36.  17
    D. Gene Witmer (2008). Review of Steven Horst, Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (4).
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  37.  3
    Brian Jonathan Garrett (2012). Steven Horst , Laws, Mind, and Free Will . Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 32 (1):27-29.
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  38.  4
    G. J. P. O'Daly (1977). P. W. Van der Horst and J. Mansfeld: An Alexandrian Platonist Against Dualism: Alexander of Lycopolis' Treatise 'Critique of the Doctrines of Manichaeus'. Translated with an Introduction and Notes. Pp. 99. Leiden: Brill, 1974. Paper, Fl.24. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 27 (02):292-293.
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  39.  1
    Jan Van Wiele (2000). Pieter W. Van der Horst & Martien FG Parmentier A New Early Christian Poem on the Sacrifice of Isaac In the Recently Published Papyrus Bodmer 30 One of the Six Poems (All of Them Christian and From the 4th Century) Deals with the Story of Genesis 22. At Many Places the Poem Drastically Deviates From the Biblical Text, and the Editors of the Papyrus Are Insufficiently Aware of The. [REVIEW] Bijdragen, Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie En Theologie 61 (3):335.
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  40.  1
    Joseph Geiger (1993). Pieter W. Van Der Horst: Ancient Jewish Epitaphs: An Introductory Survey of a Millennium of Jewish Funerary Epigraphy (300 BCE–700 CE). (Contributions to Biblical Exegesis and Theology, 2.). Pp. 179; Frontispiece. Kampen: Kok Pharos, 1991. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 43 (01):209-.
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  41.  0
    H. A. Krebs (1963). On Cancer and Hormones—Essays in Experimental Biology Contributors: E. Boyland, Sir Stanford Cade, Thomas L. Dao, Frank Dickens, Sir Charles Dodds, W. U. Gardner, Alexander Haddow, George Hevesy, Clarence V. Hodges, Dwight J. Ingle, Herbert I. Jacobson, Elwood V. Jensen, Herman M. Kalckar, Eugene P. Kennedy, Albert L. Lehninger, Alexander Lipschutz, Thaddeus Mann, Reed M. Nesbit, Peyton Rous, William Wallace Scott and Horst K. A. Schirmer, Albert Szent-Györgyi, Paul Talalay, Donald F. Tapley, C. W. Verme. [REVIEW] Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 6 (3):383-385.
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  42. Miklos VetÖ (1974). F. W. J. Schelling, "Briefe Und Dokumente", Zusatzband Hrsg. Von Horst Fuhrmans. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 12 (2):265.
     
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  43.  0
    Gunther Wanke (1973). Horst Dietrich Preuß: Verspottung fremder Religionen im Alten Testament. Beiträge zur Wissenschaft vom Alten und Neuen Testament V/12 (=92), Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1971, 317 pp. [REVIEW] Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 25 (2):180-183.
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  44.  52
    Fiona Macpherson (2002). The Power of Natural Selection. Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (8):30-35.
    Some naturalistic theories of consciousness give an essential role to teleology.1 This teleology is said to arise due to natural selection. Thus it is claimed that only certain states, namely, those that have been selected for by evolutionary pro- cesses because they contribute to (or once contributed to) an organism’s fitness, are conscious states. These theories look as if they are assigning a creative role to natural selection. If a state is conscious only if it has been selected for, then (...)
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  45.  8
    Horst Seidl (1986). Bemerkungen zu G.W.F. Hegels Interpretation von Aristoteles' ,De anima' III 4-5 und ,Metaphysica' XII7U.9. Perspektiven der Philosophie 12:209-236.
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  46.  2
    R. W. Moore (1933). Sappho: Ihr Ruf und Ruhm bei der Nachwelt. By Horst Rüdiger. Pp. 203. Leipzig: Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1933. Paper, M. 6.60 (bound, 7. 80). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 47 (04):148-.
  47.  0
    Horst F. Rupp (1991). Zur religiösen Position Fr. A. W. Diesterwegs. Pädagogik, Politik und Religion im 19. Jahrhundert. Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 43 (2):150-182.
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  48. Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling & Horst Fuhrmans (1969). Initia Philosophiae Universae Erlanger Vorlesung W[Inter] s[Emester] 1820/21. H. Bouvier.
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  49.  0
    E. W. Whittle (1980). Horst-dieter Blume: Einfübrung in das antike Theaterwesen. Pp. x + 139; 14 plates. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1978. Paper, DM. 22.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 30 (01):145-.
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  50.  39
    Horst W. Janson (1940). A "Memento Mori" Among Early Italian Prints. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 3 (3/4):243-248.
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