Search results for 'Stimulus' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis (2001). The Poverty of the Stimulus Argument. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (2):217-276.score: 24.0
    Noam Chomsky's Poverty of the Stimulus Argument is one of the most famous and controversial arguments in the study of language and the mind. Though widely endorsed by linguists, the argument has met with much resistance in philosophy. Unfortunately, philosophical critics have often failed to fully appreciate the power of the argument. In this paper, we provide a systematic presentation of the Poverty of the Stimulus Argument, clarifying its structure, content, and evidential base. We defend the argument against (...)
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  2. John M. Collins (2003). Cowie on the Poverty of Stimulus. Synthese 136 (2):159-190.score: 24.0
    My paper defends the use of the poverty of stimulus argument (POSA) for linguistic nativism against Cowie's (1999) counter-claim that it leaves empiricism untouched. I first present the linguistic POSA as arising from a reflection on the generality of the child's initial state in comparison with the specific complexity of its final state. I then show that Cowie misconstrues the POSA as a direct argument about the character of the pld. In this light, I first argue that the data (...)
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  3. Glenn D. Higginson (1935). Stimulus, Sensation, and Meaning. Journal of Philosophy 32 (24):645-650.score: 24.0
    We can find no place in psychology for the concept of stimulus as a physical agent to which an individual responds in a psychological manner. Moreover, we can find no place for sensation and image when considered as simple mental elements. We would also purge ...
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  4. Raymond J. Nelson (1975). Behaviorism, Finite Automata, and Stimulus-Response Theory. Theory and Decision 6 (August):249-67.score: 24.0
    In this paper it is argued that certain stimulus-response learning models which are adequate to represent finite automata (acceptors) are not adequate to represent noninitial state input-output automata (transducers). This circumstance suggests the question whether or not the behavior of animals if satisfactorily modelled by automata is predictive. It is argued in partial answer that there are automata which can be explained in the sense that their transition and output functions can be described (roughly, Hempel-type covering law explanation) while (...)
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  5. Alan Johnston Aurelio Bruno, Inci Ayhan (2012). Effects of Temporal Features and Order on the Apparent Duration of a Visual Stimulus. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    The apparent duration of a visual stimulus has been shown to be affected by its speed. For low speeds, apparent duration increases linearly with stimulus speed. This effect has been ascribed to the number of changes that occur within a visual interval. Accordingly, a higher number of changes should produce an increase in apparent duration. In order to test this prediction, we asked subjects to compare the relative duration of a 10 Hz drifting comparison stimulus with a (...)
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  6. Lucas Spierer Camille F. Chavan, Aurelie L. Manuel, Michael Mouthon (2013). Spontaneous Pre-Stimulus Fluctuations in the Activity of Right Fronto-Parietal Areas Influence Inhibitory Control Performance. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Inhibitory control refers to the ability to suppress planned or ongoing cognitive or motor processes. Electrophysiological indices of inhibitory control failure have been found to manifest even before the presentation of the stimuli triggering the inhibition, suggesting that pre-stimulus brain-states modulate inhibition performance. However, previous electrophysiological investigations on the state-dependency of inhibitory control were based on averaged event-related potentials, a method eliminating the variability in the ongoing brain activity not time-locked to the event of interest. These studies thus left (...)
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  7. A. K. Anderson Yaqing Niu, Rebecca M. Todd (2012). Affective Salience Can Reverse the Effects of Stimulus-Driven Salience on Eye Movements in Complex Scenes. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    In natural vision both stimulus features and cognitive/affective factors influence an observer's attention. However, the relationship between stimulus-driven (“bottom-up”) and cognitive/affective (“top-down”) factors remains controversial: Can affective salience counteract strong visual stimulus signals and shift attention allocation irrespective of bottom-up features? Is there any difference between negative and positive scenes in terms of their influence on attention deployment? Here we examined the impact of affective factors on eye movement behavior, to understand the competition between visual stimulus-driven (...)
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  8. Matthew J. C. Crump Julie M. Bugg (2012). In Support of a Distinction Between Voluntary and Stimulus-Driven Control: A Review of the Literature on Proportion Congruent Effects. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Cognitive control is by now a large umbrella term referring collectively to multiple processes that plan and coordinate actions to meet task goals. A common feature of paradigms that engage cognitive control is the task requirement to select relevant information despite a habitual tendency (or bias) to select goal-irrelevant information. At least since the 70s, researchers have employed proportion congruent manipulations to experimentally establish selection biases and evaluate the mechanisms used to control attention. Proportion congruent manipulations vary the frequency with (...)
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  9. Hadas Marciano Yaffa Yeshurun (2013). Degraded Stimulus Visibility and the Effects of Perceptual Load on Distractor Interference. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    In this study we examined whether effects of perceptual load on the attentional selectivity are modulated by degradation of the visual input. According to the perceptual load theory, increasing task difficulty via degradation of stimulus visibility should not alter the typical effect of perceptual load. In previous studies only the target was degraded, resulting in increased distractor saliency. Here we combined manipulation of perceptual load with a more systematic degradation of visual information. Experiment 1 included five conditions. Three conditions (...)
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  10. Joel W. Lidz & S. Waxman (2004). Reaffirming the Poverty of the Stimulus Argument: A Reply to the Replies. Cognition 93 (2):157-165.score: 21.0
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  11. Ray Hyman (1953). Stimulus Information as a Determinant of Reaction Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (3):188.score: 21.0
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  12. Joseph Lyons & David R. Thomas (1967). Effects of Interdimensional Training on Stimulus Generalization: II. Within-Subjects Design. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (4):572.score: 21.0
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  13. L. Festinger (1943). Studies in Decision: I. Decision-Time, Relative Frequency of Judgment and Subjective Confidence as Related to Physical Stimulus Difference. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (4):291.score: 21.0
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  14. Gary Hansen, Arthur Tomie, David R. Thomas & Doris H. Thomas (1974). Effect of Test Stimulus Range on Stimulus Generalization in Human Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):634.score: 21.0
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  15. Gerald M. Reicher (1969). Perceptual Recognition as a Function of Meaningfulness of Stimulus Material. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):275.score: 21.0
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  16. Edward A. Holden (1973). Effects of Stimulus Alternation on Sequential Information Processing by Retarded and Nonretarded Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):262.score: 21.0
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  17. Joseph S. Lappin & Kenneth Disch (1972). The Latency Operating Characteristic: I. Effects of Stimulus Probability on Choice Reaction Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):419.score: 21.0
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  18. Ernst Z. Rothkopf (1957). A Measure of Stimulus Similarity and Errors in Some Paired-Associate Learning Tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (2):94.score: 21.0
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  19. H. R. Schiffman & Douglas J. Bobko (1974). Effects of Stimulus Complexity on the Perception of Brief Temporal Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (1):156.score: 21.0
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  20. Jeffrey M. Speiss (1973). Effects of Preknowledge and Stimulus Intensity Upon Simple Reaction Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):109.score: 21.0
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  21. Judson S. Brown, Harry I. Kalish & I. E. Farber (1951). Conditioned Fear as Revealed by Magnitude of Startle Response to an Auditory Stimulus. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (5):317.score: 21.0
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  22. Theodore J. Doll & David R. Thomas (1967). Effects of Discrimination Training on Stimulus Generalization for Human Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (4):508.score: 21.0
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  23. Karen Galbraith, Michael E. Rashotte & Abram Amsel (1968). Within-Subjects Partial Reinforcement Effects Varying Percentage of Reward to the Partial Stimulus Between Groups. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):547.score: 21.0
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  24. Makoto Ichikawa & Yuko Masakura (2013). Effects of Consciousness and Consistency in Manual Control of Visual Stimulus on Reduction of the Flash-Lag Effect for Luminance Change. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 21.0
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  25. H. D. Kimmel & E. Kimmel (1965). Sex Differences in Adaptation of the GSR Under Repeated Applications of a Visual Stimulus. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (5):536.score: 21.0
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  26. Marian Schwartz (1971). Stimulus Frequency and Meaningfulness Varied Independently in the Learning of Word-Number Pairs. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):289.score: 21.0
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  27. Kenneth R. Burstein, Seymour Epstein & Barry D. Smith (1967). Primary Stimulus Generalization of the Gsr as a Function of Objective and Subjective Definition of the Stimulus Dimension. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):124-131.score: 21.0
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  28. Marvin H. Detambel & Lawrence M. Stolurow (1956). Stimulus Sequence and Concept Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (1):34.score: 21.0
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  29. William F. Dukes & William Bevan (1967). Stimulus Variation and Repetition in the Acquisition of Naming Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (2, Pt.1):178-181.score: 21.0
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  30. Paul M. Fitts & Richard L. Deininger (1954). S-R Compatibility: Correspondence Among Paired Elements Within Stimulus and Response Codes. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (6):483.score: 21.0
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  31. Stephani Foraker, Terry Regier, Naveen Khetarpal, Amy Perfors & Joshua Tenenbaum (2009). Indirect Evidence and the Poverty of the Stimulus: The Case of Anaphoric One. Cognitive Science 33 (2):287-300.score: 21.0
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  32. George J. Friedman & John G. Carlson (1973). Effects of a Stimulus Correlated with Positive Reinforcement Upon Discrimination Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):281.score: 21.0
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  33. Frederick L. Kitterle & Harry Helson (1972). On the Inhibitory Effect of a Second Stimulus Following the Primary Stimulus to React: A Successful Replication. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (1):138.score: 21.0
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  34. Irving Maltzman, Lance Harris, Eben Ingram & Craig Wolff (1971). A Primacy Effect in the Orienting Reflex to Stimulus Change. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (2):202.score: 21.0
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  35. Robert E. Morin & David A. Grant (1955). Learning and Performance on a Key-Pressing Task as Function of the Degree of Spatial Stimulus-Response Correspondence. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (1):39.score: 21.0
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  36. Robert G. Pachella & Dennis F. Fisher (1969). Effect of Stimulus Degradation and Similarity on the Trade-Off Between Speed and Accuracy in Absolute Judgments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):7.score: 21.0
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  37. Donald A. Riley (1954). Further Studies of Reminiscence Effects with Variations in Stimulus-Response Relationships. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):101.score: 21.0
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  38. Stanford H. Simon & Basil Jackson (1968). Effect of a Relevant Versus Irrelevant Observation Stimulus on Concept-Identification Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):125.score: 21.0
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  39. Paul C. Vitz (1966). Affect as a Function of Stimulus Variation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (1):74.score: 21.0
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  40. Bert Zippel (1969). Unrestricted Classification Behavior and Learning of Imposed Classifications in Closed, Exhaustive Stimulus Sets. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):493.score: 21.0
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  41. Irving Biederman & Robert Kaplan (1970). Stimulus Discriminability and S-R Compatibility: Evidence for Independent Effects in Choice Reaction Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):434.score: 21.0
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  42. Dalbir Bindra & John F. Seely (1959). Response Decrement, Induced by Stimulus Change, as a Function of Amount of Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (5):317.score: 21.0
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  43. James E. Birren, Roland C. Casperson & Jack Botwinick (1951). Pain Measurement by the Radiant Heat Method: Individual Differences in Pain Sensitivity, the Effects of Skin Temperature, and Stimulus Duration. Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (6):419.score: 21.0
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  44. Robert M. Boynton & Lorrin A. Riggs (1951). The Effect of Stimulus Area and Intensity Upon the Human Retinal Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (4):217.score: 21.0
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  45. C. J. Burke, W. K. Estes & S. Hellyer (1954). Rate of Verbal Conditioning in Relation to Stimulus Variability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (3):153.score: 21.0
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  46. Arnold H. Buss, Morton Weiner & Edith Buss (1954). Stimulus Generalization as a Function of Verbal Reinforcement Combination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (6):433.score: 21.0
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  47. M. C. Corballis (1966). Memory Span as a Function of Variable Presentation Speeds and Stimulus Durations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (3):461.score: 21.0
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  48. Louis D. Costa, Morton Horwitz & Herbert G. Vaughan Jr (1966). Effects of Stimulus Uncertainty and S-R Compatibility on Speed of Digit Coding. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (6):895.score: 21.0
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  49. John W. Donahoe, James H. McCroskery & W. Kirk Richardson (1970). Effects of Context on the Postdiscrimination Gradient of Stimulus Generalization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):58.score: 21.0
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  50. Henry C. Ellis & Terry C. Daniel (1971). Verbal Processes in Long-Term Stimulus-Recognition Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):18.score: 21.0
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