Search results for 'Stotz Karola' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Paul Griffiths & Karola Stotz, Genetics and Philosophy : An Introduction.score: 540.0
    In the past century, nearly all of the biological sciences have been directly affected by discoveries and developments in genetics, a fast-evolving subject with important theoretical dimensions. In this rich and accessible book, Paul Griffiths and Karola Stotz show how the concept of the gene has evolved and diversified across the many fields that make up modern biology. By examining the molecular biology of the 'environment', they situate genetics in the developmental biology of whole organisms, and reveal how (...)
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  2. Karola Stotz (2012). Creatures of the World. Metascience 21 (2):445-448.score: 540.0
    Creatures of the world Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9539-z Authors Karola Stotz, Department of Philosophy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  3. Paul E. Griffiths & Karola Stotz (2008). Experimental Philosophy of Science. Philosophy Compass 3 (3):507–521.score: 300.0
    Experimental philosophy of science gathers empirical data on how key scientific concepts are understood by particular scientific communities. In this paper we briefly describe two recent studies in experimental philosophy of biology, one investigating the concept of the gene, the other the concept of innateness. The use of experimental methods reveals facts about these concepts that would not be accessible using the traditional method of intuitions about possible cases. It also contributes to the study of conceptual change in science, which (...)
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  4. Paul E. Griffiths & Karola Stotz (2000). How the Mind Grows: A Developmental Perspective on the Biology of Cognition. Synthese 122 (1-2):29-51.score: 300.0
    The `developmental systems'' perspective in biology is intended to replace the idea of a genetic program. This new perspective is strongly convergent with recent work in psychology on situated/embodied cognition and on the role of external `scaffolding'' in cognitive development. Cognitive processes, including those which can be explained in evolutionary terms, are not `inherited'' or produced in accordance with an inherited program. Instead, they are constructed in each generation through the interaction of a range of developmental resources. The attractors which (...)
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  5. Karola Stotz (2010). Human Nature and Cognitive–Developmental Niche Construction. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (4):483-501.score: 300.0
    Recent theories in cognitive science have begun to focus on the active role of organisms in shaping their own environment, and the role of these environmental resources for cognition. Approaches such as situated, embedded, ecological, distributed and particularly extended cognition look beyond ‘what is inside your head’ to the old Gibsonian question of ‘what your head is inside of’ and with which it forms a wider whole—its internal and external cognitive niche. Since these views have been treated as a radical (...)
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  6. Paul E. Griffiths & Karola Stotz (2007). Gene. In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.score: 300.0
    The historian Raphael Falk has described the gene as a ‘concept in tension’ (Falk 2000) – an idea pulled this way and that by the differing demands of different kinds of biological work. Several authors have suggested that in the light of contemporary molecular biology ‘gene’ is no more than a handy term which acquires a specific meaning only in a specific scientific context in which it occurs. Hence the best way to answer the question ‘what is a gene’, and (...)
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  7. Paul E. Griffiths & Karola Stotz, What is a Gene?score: 300.0
    We outline three very different concepts of the gene - 'instrumental', 'nominal', and 'postgenomic'. The instrumental gene has a critical role in the construction and interpretation of experiments in which the relationship between genotype and phenotype is explored via hybridization between organisms or directly between nucleic acid molecules. It also plays an important theoretical role in the foundations of disciplines such as quantitative genetics and population genetics. The nominal gene is a critical practical tool, allowing stable communication between bioscientists in (...)
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  8. Karola Stotz (2009). Experimental Philosophy of Biology: Notes From the Field. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):233-237.score: 300.0
    I use a recent 'experimental philosophy' study of the concept of the gene conducted by myself and collaborators to discuss the broader epistemological framework within which that research was conducted, and to reflect on the relationship between science, history and philosophy of science, and society.
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  9. Paul E. Griffiths & Karola Stotz (2006). Genes in the Postgenomic Era. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (6):499-521.score: 300.0
    We outline three very different concepts of the gene—instrumental, nominal, and postgenomic. The instrumental gene has a critical role in the construction and interpretation of experiments in which the relationship between genotype and phenotype is explored via hybridization between organisms or directly between nucleic acid molecules. It also plays an important theoretical role in the foundations of disciplines such as quantitative genetics and population genetics. The nominal gene is a critical practical tool, allowing stable communication between bioscientists in a wide (...)
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  10. Karola Stotz (2008). The Ingredients for a Postgenomic Synthesis of Nature and Nurture. Philosophical Psychology 21 (3):359 – 381.score: 300.0
    This paper serves as an introduction to the special issue on “Reconciling Nature and Nurture in Behavior and Cognition Research” and sets its agenda to resolve the 'interactionist' dichotomy of nature as the genetic, and stable, factors of development, and nurture as the environmental, and plastic influences. In contrast to this received view it promotes the idea that all traits, no matter how developmentally fixed or universal they seem, contingently develop out of a single-cell state through the interaction of a (...)
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  11. Karola Stotz, How (Not) to Be a Reductionist in a Complex Universe.score: 300.0
    This paper understands reductionism as a relation between explanations, not theories. It argues that knowledge of the micro-level behavior of the components of systems is necessary, but only combined with a full specification of the contingent context sufficient for a full explanation of systems phenomena. The paper takes seriously fundamental principles independent and transcendent of the laws of quantum mechanics that govern most of real-world phenomena. It will conclude in showing how the recent postgenomic revolution, taking seriously the physical principle (...)
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  12. Karola Stotz & Paul Griffiths (2004). Genes: Philosophical Analyses Put to the Test. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (1):5 - 28.score: 300.0
    This paper describes one complete and one ongoing empirical study in which philosophical analyses of the concept of the gene were operationalized and tested against questionnaire data obtained from working biologists to determine whether and when biologists conceive genes in the ways suggested. These studies throw light on how different gene concepts contribute to biological research. Their aim is not to arrive at one or more correct 'definitions' of the gene, but rather to map out the variation in the gene (...)
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  13. Karola Stotz (2006). With 'Genes' Like That, Who Needs an Environment? Postgenomics's Argument for the 'Ontogeny of Information'. Philosophy of Science 73 (5):905-917.score: 300.0
    The linear sequence specification of a gene product is not provided by the target DNA sequence alone but by the mechanisms of gene expressions. The main actors of these mechanisms, proteins and functional RNAs, relay environmental information to the genome with important consequences to sequence selection and processing. This `postgenomic' reality has implications for our understandings of development not as predetermined by genes but as an epigenetic process. Critics of genetic determinism have long argued that the activity of `genes' and (...)
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  14. Karola Stotz, Paul E. Griffiths & Rob Knight (2004). How Biologists Conceptualize Genes: An Empirical Study. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (4):647-673.score: 300.0
    Philosophers and historians of biology have argued that genes are conceptualized differently in different fields of biology and that these differences influence both the conduct of research and the interpretation of research by audiences outside the field in which the research was conducted. In this paper we report the results of a questionnaire study of how genes are conceptualized by biological scientists at the University of Sydney, Australia. The results provide tentative support for some hypotheses about conceptual differences between different (...)
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  15. Karola Stotz & Colin Allen, From Cell-Surface Receptors to Higher Learning: A Whole World of Experience.score: 300.0
    In the last decade it has become en vogue for cognitive comparative psychologists to study animal behavior in an ‘integrated’ fashion to account for both the ‘innate’ and the ‘acquired’. We will argue that these studies, instead of really integrating the concepts of ‘nature’ and ‘nurture’, rather cement this old dichotomy. They combine empty nativist interpretation of behavior systems with blatantly environmentalist explanations of learning. We identify the main culprit as the failure to take development seriously. While in some areas (...)
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  16. Karola Stotz (2012). Murder on the Development Express: Who Killed Nature/Nurture? Biology and Philosophy 27 (6):919-929.score: 300.0
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  17. Maureen O'Malley & Karola Stotz (2011). Intervention, Integration and Translation in Obesity Research: Genetic, Developmental and Metaorganismal Approaches. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6 (1):2-.score: 300.0
    Obesity is the focus of multiple lines of inquiry that have -- together and separately -- produced many deep insights into the physiology of weight gain and maintenance. We examine three such streams of research and show how they are oriented to obesity intervention through multilevel integrated approaches. The first research programme is concerned with the genetics and biochemistry of fat production, and it links metabolism, physiology, endocrinology and neurochemistry. The second account of obesity is developmental and draws together epigenetic (...)
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  18. Karola Stotz (2009). Philosophy in the Trenches: From Naturalized to Experimental Philosophy (of Science). Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (2):225-226.score: 300.0
  19. Karola Stotz & Paul E. Griffiths (2008). Biohumanities: Rethinking the Relationship Between Biosciences, Philosophy and History of Science, and Society. Quarterly Review of Biology 83 (1):37--45.score: 300.0
    We argue that philosophical and historical research can constitute a ‘Biohumanities’ which deepens our understanding of biology itself; engages in constructive 'science criticism'; helps formulate new 'visions of biology'; and facilitates 'critical science communication'. We illustrate these ideas with two recent 'experimental philosophy' studies of the concept of the gene and of the concept of innateness conducted by ourselves and collaborators.
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  20. Karola Stotz, 2001 and All That: A Tale of a Third Science.score: 300.0
    The paper describes the change from molecular genetics to postgenomic biology. It focuses on phenomena in the regulation of gene expression that provide a break with the central dogma, according to which sequence specificity for a gene product must be template derived. In its place we find what is called here ‘constitutive molecular epigenesis’. Its three classes of phenomena, which I call sequence ‘activation’, ‘selection’ and ‘creation’, are exemplified by processes such as transcriptional activation, alternative cis- and trans-splicing, and RNA (...)
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  21. Karola Stotz, Adam Bostanci & Paul E. Griffiths, Tracking the Shift to 'Postgenomics'.score: 300.0
    Current knowledge about the variety and complexity of the processes that allow regulated gene expression in living organisms calls for a new understanding of genes. A ‘postgenomic’ understanding of genes as entities constituted during genome expression is outlined and illustrated with specific examples that formed part of a survey research instrument developed by two of the authors for an ongoing empirical study of conceptual change in contemporary biology.
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  22. Alan C. Love, Ingo Brigandt, Karola Stotz, Daniel Schweitzer & Alexander Rosenber (2008). More Worry and Less Love? Metascience 17 (2):327-327.score: 300.0
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  23. Peter Godfrey-Smith, Paul E. Griffiths, Huw Price, Werner Callebaut & Karola Stotz (1997). The Place of Function in a World of Mechanisms. Metascience 6 (2):7-31.score: 300.0
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  24. Karola Stotz (2006). Molecular Epigenesis: Distributed Specificity as a Break in the Central Dogma. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (4):533 - 548.score: 300.0
    The paper argues against the central dogma and its interpretation by C. Kenneth Waters and Alex Rosenberg. I argue that certain phenomena in the regulation of gene expression provide a break with the central dogma, according to which sequence specificity for a gene product must be template derived. My thesis of 'molecular epigenesis' with its three classes of phenomena, sequence 'activation', 'selection', and 'creation', is exemplified by processes such as transcriptional activation, alternative cis- and trans-splicing, and RNA editing. It argues (...)
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  25. Karola C. Stotz (2003). Lenny Moss,What Genes Can't Do. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2003. [REVIEW] Metascience 12 (3):414-417.score: 300.0
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  26. Karola Stotz (2005). Sahotra Sarkar, Molecular Models of Life: Philosophical Papers on Molecular Biology Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 25 (6):436-438.score: 300.0
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  27. Karola Stotz (2004). Introduction. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (1):3-4.score: 300.0
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  28. Maureen A. O'Malley & Karola Stotz (2011). Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 6:2.score: 300.0
     
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  29. Karola Stotz (2006). Advances in Genomics and Its Conceptual Implications for Development and Evolution-With'Genes' Like That, Who Needs an Environment? Postgenomics's Argument for the'Ontogeny of Information'. In Borchert (ed.), Philosophy of Science. Macmillan. 73--5.score: 300.0
     
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  30. Stotz Karola & Paul E. Griffiths, Biohumanities: Rethinking the Relationship Between Biosciences, Philosophy and History of Science, and Society.score: 240.0
    We argue that philosophical and historical research can constitute a ‘Biohumanities’ which deepens our understanding of biology itself; engages in constructive 'science criticism'; helps formulate new 'visions of biology'; and facilitates 'critical science communication'. We illustrate these ideas with two recent 'experimental philosophy' studies of the concept of the gene and of the concept of innateness conducted by ourselves and collaborators. We conclude that the complex and often troubled relations between science and society are critical to both parties, and argue (...)
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  31. Mario Graziano (forthcoming). Genetics and Philosophy by Paul Griffiths and Karola Stotz. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-1.score: 120.0
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  32. K. C. Stotz & Paul E. Griffiths (2002). Dancing in the Dark: Evolutionary Psychology and the Argument From Design. In S. J. Scher & F. Rauscher (eds.), Evolutionary Psychology: Alternative Approaches. Kluwer.score: 60.0
    The Narrow Evolutionary Psychology Movement represents itself as a major reorientation of the social/behavioral sciences, a group of sciences previously dominated by something called the ‘Standard Social Science Model’ (SSSM; Cosmides, Tooby, and Barkow, 1992). Narrow Evolutionary Psychology alleges that the SSSM treated the mind, and particularly those aspects of the mind that exhibit cultural variation, as devoid of any marks of its evolutionary history. Adherents of Narrow Evolutionary Psychology often suggest that the SSSM owed more to ideology than to (...)
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  33. Gabriele G. Stotz (1998). Wirsching, M.: 1996, Psychosomatische Medizin. Konzepte, Krankheitsbilder, Therapien. Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (3):301-302.score: 30.0
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  34. J. Karola (1980). Constants and Variables of Catholic Theology. Filosoficky Casopis 28 (5):631-646.score: 30.0
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  35. Je Karola (1993). Masaryka Diagnosis of the Religiosity of Dostoevsky, Fm. Filosoficky Casopis 41 (4):584-595.score: 30.0
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  36. J. Karola (1976). New Dutch Catechism for Adults. Filosoficky Casopis 24 (4):591-613.score: 30.0
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  37. J. Karola (1978). Nejedly, Zdenek as a Critic of Political Clericalism. Filosoficky Casopis 26 (3):430-435.score: 30.0
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  38. Je Karola (1992). Skrach Trace in the History of Czech Thought. Filosoficky Casopis 40 (3):503-516.score: 30.0
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  39. J. Karola (1982). The Criticism of the Apologetic Profile of Catholic Modernism. Filosoficky Casopis 30 (4):591-613.score: 30.0
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  40. Robert D. Rupert, Extended Cognition, Extended Selection, and Developmental Systems Theory.score: 24.0
    I respond to Karola Stotz's criticisms of my previously published challenges to the inference from developmental systems theory to an extended view of cognition.
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  41. C. Kenneth Waters (2004). What Concept Analysis in Philosophy of Science Should Be (and Why Competing Philosophical Analyses of Gene Concepts Cannot Be Tested by Polling Scientists). History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (1):29 - 58.score: 24.0
    What should philosophers of science accomplish when they analyze scientific concepts and interpret scientific knowledge? What is concept analysis if it is not a description of the way scientists actually think? I investigate these questions by using Hans Reichenbach's account of the descriptive, critical, and advisory tasks of philosophy of science to examine Karola Stotz and Paul Griffiths' idea that poll-based methodologies can test philosophical analyses of scientific concepts. Using Reichenbach's account as a point of departure, I argue (...)
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  42. Lenny Moss (2006). The Question of Questions: What is a Gene? Comments on Rolston and Griffths & Stotz. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (6):523-534.score: 18.0
    If the question ``What is a gene?'' proves to be worth asking it must be able to elicit an answer which both recognizes and address the reasons why the concept of the gene ever seemed to be something worth getting excited about in the first place as well analyzing and evaluating the latest develops in the molecular biology of DNA. Each of the preceding papers fails to do one of these and sufferrs the consequences. Where Rolston responds to the apparent (...)
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  43. Alfred M. Wierzbicki (2008). Karola Wojtyły filozofia osoby ludzkiej jako podstawa obrony praw człowieka. Roczniki Filozoficzne 56 (1):315-328.score: 18.0
    The teaching of John Paul II clearly articulates the strain of human rights. The Pope initiates a dialogue with the Enlightenment tradition and develops the theological and philosophical foundations of the culture of human rights. Karola Wojtyła’s personalistic thought appears to be a very coherent and reliable key to understand the doctrine of human rights. Wojtyła stresses subjectivity and non-reducibility of the person as a concrete human „I.” It is both autonomy and transcendence that constitute dignity of the person (...)
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  44. Kenneth Schaffner (2004). Commentary on Stotz and Griffiths, Burian, and Waters: Genes, Concepts, DST Implications, and the Possibility of Prototypes. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (1):81 - 90.score: 15.0
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  45. Grzegorz Malec (2012). Teologiczne dylematy Karola Darwina. Roczniki Filozoficzne 60 (1):67-84.score: 15.0
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  46. Scott Gwara (2003). Peter Stotz, Handbuch zur lateinischen Sprache des Mittelalters, 2: Bedeutungswandel und Wortbildung. (Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft, 2/5/2.) Munich: C. H. Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 2000. Pp. xxvi, 482. [REVIEW] Speculum 78 (1):267-270.score: 15.0
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  47. Bronisław Baczko (1967). Szczęście i lemoniada (Janina Majler, Doktryna etyczna Karola Fouriera). Etyka 2.score: 15.0
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  48. Jan Robert Bloch, Welf Schröter & Irene Scherer (eds.) (2009). Briefe Durch Die Mauer: Briefwechsel 1954-1998 Zwischen Ernst & Karola Bloch Und Jürgen & Johanna Teller. Talheimer.score: 15.0
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