Search results for 'Strength' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  25
    Yuhyung Shin (2012). CEO Ethical Leadership, Ethical Climate, Climate Strength, and Collective Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 108 (3):299-312.
    In spite of an increasing number of studies on ethical climate, little is known about the antecedents of ethical climate and the moderators of the relationship between ethical climate and work outcomes. The present study conducted firm-level analyses regarding the relationship between chief executive officer (CEO) ethical leadership and ethical climate, and the moderating effect of climate strength (i.e., agreement in climate perceptions) on the relationship between ethical climate and collective organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Self-report data were collected from (...)
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  2. Michael Brent (2014). Understanding Strength of Will. In Fabio Bacchini Massimo Dell'Utri & Stefano Caputo (eds.), New Advances in Causation, Agency, and Moral Responsibility. Cambridge Scholars Publishing 165-178.
    Richard Holton has presented an important criticism of two prominent accounts of action, a criticism that employs a notion of strength of will. Holton claims that these well-known accounts of action cannot explain cases in which an agent adheres to the dictates of a previous resolution in spite of a persistent desire to the contrary. In this chapter, I present an explanation and defense of Holton’s criticism of these accounts of action, and then I argue that while Holton highlights (...)
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  3.  14
    Aaron Sell, Liana Se Hone & Nicholas Pound (2012). The Importance of Physical Strength to Human Males. Human Nature 23 (1):30-44.
    Fighting ability, although recognized as fundamental to intrasexual competition in many nonhuman species, has received little attention as an explanatory variable in the social sciences. Multiple lines of evidence from archaeology, criminology, anthropology, physiology, and psychology suggest that fighting ability was a crucial aspect of intrasexual competition for ancestral human males, and this has contributed to the evolution of numerous physical and psychological sex differences. Because fighting ability was relevant to many domains of interaction, male psychology should have evolved such (...)
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  4.  24
    Elizabeth S. Radcliffe (2015). Strength of Mind and the Calm and Violent Passions. Res Philosophica 92 (3):1-21.
    Hume’s distinction between the calm and violent passions is one whose boundaries are not entirely clear. However, it is crucial to understanding his motivational theory and to identifying an unusual virtue he calls “strength of mind,” the motivational prevalence of the calm passions over the violent. In this paper, I investigate the boundaries of the calm passions and consider the constitution of strength of mind and why Hume regards it as an admirable trait. These are provocative issues for (...)
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  5.  55
    Jane L. Mcintyre (2006). Strength of Mind: Prospects and Problems for a Humean Account. [REVIEW] Synthese 152 (3):393 - 401.
    References to strength of mind, a character trait implying “the prevalence of the calm passions above the violent”, occur in a number of important discussions of motivation in the Treatise and the Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals. Nevertheless, Hume says surprisingly little about what strength of mind is, or how it is achieved. This paper argues that Hume’s theory of the passions can provide an interesting and defensible account of strength of mind. The paper concludes with (...)
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  6.  39
    Hans Rott (2004). Stability, Strength and Sensitivity: Converting Belief Into Knowledge. Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):469-493.
    In this paper I discuss the relation between various properties that have been regarded as important for determining whether or not a belief constitutes a piece of knowledge: its stability, strength and sensitivity to truth, as well as the strength of the epistemic position in which the subject is with respect to this belief. Attempts to explicate the relevant concepts more formally with the help of systems of spheres of possible worlds (à la Lewis and Grove) must take (...)
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  7.  13
    Haiyan Xu, Keith W. Hipel, D. Marc Kilgour & Ye Chen (2010). Combining Strength and Uncertainty for Preferences in the Graph Model for Conflict Resolution with Multiple Decision Makers. Theory and Decision 69 (4):497-521.
    A hybrid preference framework is proposed for strategic conflict analysis to integrate preference strength and preference uncertainty into the paradigm of the graph model for conflict resolution (GMCR) under multiple decision makers. This structure offers decision makers a more flexible mechanism for preference expression, which can include strong or mild preference of one state or scenario over another, as well as equal preference. In addition, preference between two states can be uncertain. The result is a preference framework that is (...)
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  8.  39
    Renée Bilodeau (2006). The Motivational Strength of Intentions. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 9:129-135.
    According to the early versions of the causal theory of action, intentional actions were both produced and explained by a belief desire pair. Since the end of the seventies, however, most philosophers consider intentions as an irreducible and indispensable component of any adequate account of intentional action. The aim of this paper is to examine and evaluate some of the arguments that gave rise to the introduction of the concept of intention in action theory. My contention is that none of (...)
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  9.  8
    Zdeněk Konopásek & Zuzana Kusá (2006). Political Screenings as Trials of Strength: Making the Communist Power/Lessness Real. [REVIEW] Human Studies 29 (3):341 - 362.
    In this paper, we discuss the problem of communist power in so called totalitarian regimes. Inspired by strategies of explanation in contemporary science studies and by the ethnomethodological conception of social order, we suggest that the power of communists is not to be taken as an unproblematic source of explanation; rather, we take this power as something that is itself in need of being explained. We study personal narratives on political screenings that took place in Czechoslovakia in 1970 and analyze (...)
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  10.  8
    O. H. Mowrer & H. Jones (1945). Habit Strength as a Function of the Pattern of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (4):293.
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  11.  54
    Alfred R. Mele (2014). Self-Control, Motivational Strength, and Exposure Therapy. Philosophical Studies 170 (2):359-375.
    Do people sometimes exercise self-control in such a way as to bring it about that they do not act on present-directed motivation that continues to be motivationally strongest for a significant stretch of time (even though they are able to act on that motivation at the time) and intentionally act otherwise during that stretch of time? This paper explores the relative merits of two different theories about synchronic self-control that provide different answers to this question. One is due to Sripada (...)
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  12. Justin Clark (2012). The Strength of Knowledge in Plato's Protagoras. Ancient Philosophy 32 (2):237-255.
  13.  10
    Edward Roddy, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty, Nigel K. Arden, Julie Barlow, Fraser Birrell, Alison Carr, Kuntal Chakravarty, John Dickson, Elaine Hay, Gillian Hosie, Michael Hurley, Kelsey M. Jordan, Christopher McCarthy, Marion McMurdo, Simon Mockett, Sheila O'Reilly, George Peat, Adrian Pendleton & Selwyn Richards (2006). Evidence‐Based Clinical Guidelines: A New System to Better Determine True Strength of Recommendation. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):347-352.
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  14.  1
    Harry I. Kalish (1954). Strength of Fear as a Function of the Number of Acquisition and Extinction Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (1):1-9.
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  15.  8
    Tannis Y. Arbuckle & Lola L. Cuddy (1969). Discrimination of Item Strength at Time of Presentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):126.
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  16.  1
    Melvin L. Goldstein (1960). Acquired Drive Strength as a Joint Function of Shock Intensity and Number of Acquisition Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (6):349.
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  17.  13
    Sean D. Cox (2011). Consistency Strength of Higher Chang's Conjecture, Without CH. Archive for Mathematical Logic 50 (7):759-775.
    We prove that ${(\omega_3, \omega_2) \twoheadrightarrow (\omega_2, \omega_1)}$ implies there is an inner model with a weak repeat measure.
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  18.  4
    S. Viterbo McCarthy (1973). Verbal Discrimination Learning as a Function of Associative Strength Between Noun Pair Members. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (2):270.
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  19.  6
    Herbert Barry (1967). Effects of Drive Strength on Extinction and Spontaneous Recovery. Journal of Experimental Psychology 73 (3):419.
  20.  2
    Bennet B. Murdock & Philip O. Dufty (1972). Strength Theory and Recognition Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (3):284-290.
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  21.  2
    David Ehrenfreund & Pietro Badia (1962). Response Strength as a Function of Drive Level and Pre- and Postshift Incentive Magnitude. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (5):468.
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  22.  2
    Arne Ohman (1971). Interaction Between Instruction-Induced Expectancy and Strength of Unconditioned Stimulus in GSR Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (3):384.
  23.  5
    Byron A. Campbell & Doris Kraeling (1953). Response Strength as a Function of Drive Level and Amount of Drive Reduction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (2):97.
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  24.  5
    Charles C. Perkins Jr (1953). The Relation Between Conditioned Stimulus Intensity and Response Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (4):225.
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  25.  3
    Reed Lawson (1953). Amount of Primary Reward and Strength of Secondary Reward. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (3):183.
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  26.  1
    Wayne B. Holder, Melvin H. Marx, Elaine E. Holder & George Collier (1957). Response Strength as a Function of Delay of Reward in a Runway. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (5):316.
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  27.  5
    Willard N. Runquist (1957). Retention of Verbal Associates as a Function of Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (5):369.
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  28.  2
    Malcolm D. Gynther (1957). Differential Eyelid Conditioning as a Function of Stimulus Similarity and Strength of Response to the CS. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (6):408.
  29.  6
    Delos D. Wickens & Gordon B. Harding (1965). Effect of UCS Strength on GSR Conditioning: A Within-Subject Design. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (2):151.
  30.  2
    William Kessen (1953). Response Strength and Conditioned Stimulus Intensity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (2):82.
  31.  2
    John P. Seward, Richard A. Shea, Arthur A. Uyeda & David C. Raskin (1960). Shock Strength, Shock Reduction, and Running Speed. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (4):250.
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  32.  3
    Sue R. Rosner (1970). Serial Mediation: Effects of Associative Strength and Structure on Serial Learning and Transfer. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):370.
  33.  2
    K. W. Spence, D. F. Haggard & L. E. Ross (1958). UCS Intensity and the Associative (Habit) Strength of the Eyelid CR. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (5):404.
  34.  4
    Albert R. Marston (1964). Response Strength and Self-Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (6):537.
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  35.  5
    Kenneth W. Spence & Janet A. Taylor (1953). The Relation of Conditioned Response Strength to Anxiety in Normal, Neurotic, and Psychotic Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (4):265.
  36.  4
    John P. Houston (1964). S-R Stimulus Selection and Strength of R-S Association. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (6):563.
  37.  4
    Albert F. Healey (1965). Compound Stimuli, Drive Strength, and Primary Stimulus Generalization. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (5):536.
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  38.  3
    Donald H. Bullock & William C. Smith (1953). An Effect of Repeated Conditioning-Extinction Upon Operant Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (5):349.
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  39.  3
    Eugene Eisman, Adele Asimow & Irving Maltzman (1956). Habit Strength as a Function of Drive in a Brightness Discrimination Problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (1):58.
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  40.  3
    Richard Bloch & James F. Voss (1967). Acquisition of Paired Associates as a Function of Associative Strength of Competing Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):14-19.
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  41.  3
    David C. Howell (1970). Free Association Reliability as a Function of Response Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (3):431.
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  42.  3
    Donald F. McCausland & John C. Birkmer (1970). Conditioned Reinforcement Strength in Rats as a Function of CRF Scheduling. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):177.
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  43.  3
    John H. Rohrer (1947). Experimental Extinction as a Function of the Distribution of Extinction Trials and Response Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (6):473.
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  44.  3
    Keita Yokoyama (2013). On the Strength of Ramsey's Theorem Without S1-Induction. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 59 (1):108-111.
    In this paper, we show that equation image is a equation image-conservative extension of BΣ1 + exp, thus it does not imply IΣ1.
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  45.  2
    Joseph C. Campione & Catherine Wentworth (1969). Differential Cue Habit Strength as a Determinant of Attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):527.
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  46.  1
    Thomas W. Baker (1969). Component Strength in a Compound CS as a Function of Number of Acquisition Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):347.
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  47.  1
    Lynn K. Brown, James J. Jenkins & Joyce Lavik (1966). Response Transfer as a Function of Verbal Association Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (1):138.
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  48.  1
    Charles Clifton Jr (1966). Response Transfer as a Function of Verbal Association Strength: Group Verbal Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):780.
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  49.  1
    Robert H. Dufort & Gregory A. Kimble (1956). Changes in Response Strength with Changes in the Amount of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (3):185.
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  50.  1
    Albert E. Goss & Edward J. Rabaioli (1952). Response Strength in a Modified Thorndikian Multiple-Choice Situation as a Function of Varying Proportions of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (2):106.
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