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Tracy B. Strong [75]Carson Strong [51]D. E. Strong [33]C. A. Strong [31]
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Profile: Tracy Burr Strong (University of Southampton)
Profile: John Garrison Strong
Profile: Skyalr Strong (University of Lethbridge)
Profile: Andrew Strong (University of Manchester)
Profile: Kevin Strong
Profile: Lucy Strong (American College of Prehospital Medicine)
  1. Economy is T. O. Strong, Language-P Rticular Processes and the Earliness Principle a ______________________________________________________ _______________ .
    In a recent paper, Chomsky (1989) has proposed two principles which choose among competing transformational derivations. He calls them principles of “Economy of Derivation”. These are the Least Effort principle and the Last Resort principle, seen in (1a-b). (The _________ _________ _ _ nomenclature is partially my own: Chomsky uses the term “Principle of Least Effort” for (1a-b) together.).
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  2. Donald Strong & Daniel Simberloff, Ecology.
    Ecology is composed of a remarkably diverse set of scientific disciplines. There are many different sub-fields in ecology—physiological, behavioral, evolutionary, population, community, ecosystem, and landscape ecology. Clearly, no summary will do them all justice. However, for the present context, ecology as a science can be divided into three basic areas—population, community, and ecosystem ecology. This entry will introduce some of the fundamental philosophical issues raised by these three disciplines. The first order of business is to ask what is the science (...)
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  3. Too Strong, Knowledge and Reality A: Lecture Two.
    There are situations where we have justified true belief about p but don’t intuitively know that p. Example one: The tennis results. Example two: The stopped clock. Example three: The shepherd and the false sheep addiction. So in each case we have an example of a scenario where the agent believes something true and is..
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  4. J. Repper, L. Sayce, S. Strong, J. Willmot & M. Haines (forthcoming). Tall Stories From the Backyard: A Survey of “Nimby” Opposition to Mental Health Facilities Experienced by Key Service Providers in England and Wales. London. Mind.
     
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  5. Carson Strong & Kathy Kinlaw (forthcoming). Case Studies: Maternal Rights, Fetal Harms. Hastings Center Report.
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  6. Tracy B. Strong (forthcoming). Glory and the Law in Hobbes. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885114567347.
    A central argument of the Leviathan has to do with the political importance of education. Hobbes wants his book to be taught in universities and expounded much in the manner that Scripture was. Only thus will citizens realize what is in their hearts as to the nature of good political order. Glory affects this process in two ways. The pursuit of glory by a citizen leads to political chaos and disorder. On the other hand, God’s glory is such that one (...)
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  7. Tracy B. Strong (forthcoming). How to Write Scripture: Hobbes on Words and Authority'. Critical Inquiry.
  8. Tracy B. Strong (forthcoming). Reflections on Kissinger's On China. Theory and Event 15 (3).
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  9. Tracy B. Strong (forthcoming). Theatricality, Public Space, and Music in Rousseau. Substance.
     
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  10. Thomas May, Kaija L. Zusevics, Arthur Derse, Kimberly A. Strong, Jessica Jeruzal, Alison La Pean Kirschner, Michael H. Farrell & Ryan Spellecy (2014). The Limits of Traditional Approaches to Informed Consent for Genomic Medicine. HEC Forum 26 (3):185-202.
    This paper argues that it will be important for new genomic technologies to recognize the limits of traditional approaches to informed consent, so that other-regarding implications of genomic information can be properly contextualized and individual rights respected. Respect for individual autonomy will increasingly require dynamic consideration of the interrelated dimensions of individual and broader community interests, so that the interests of one do not undermine fundamental interests of the other. In this, protection of individual rights will be a complex interplay (...)
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  11. Carson Strong (2014). A Few More Comments on Common Morality, Noting Some Points of Agreement. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (1):103-104.
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  12. Carson Strong (2014). Kukla's Argument Against Common Morality as a Set of Precepts. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (1):93-99.
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  13. Kimberly A. Strong, Arthur R. Derse, David P. Dimmock, Kaija L. Zusevics, Jessica Jeruzal, Elizabeth Worthey, David Bick, Gunter Scharer, Alison La Pean Kirschner, Ryan Spellecy, Michael H. Farrell, Jennifer Geurts, Regan Veith & Thomas May (2014). In the Absence of Evidentiary Harm, Existing Societal Norms Regarding Parental Authority Should Prevail. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (3):24-26.
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  14. Kimberly Strong, Ian Kerridge & Miles Little (2014). Savior Siblings, Parenting and the Moral Valorization of Children. Bioethics 28 (4):187-193.
    Philosophy has long been concerned with ‘moral status’. Discussions about the moral status of children, however, seem often to promote confusion rather than clarity. Using the creation of ‘savior siblings’ as an example, this paper provides a philosophical critique of the moral status of children and the moral relevance of parenting and the role that formative experience, regret and relational autonomy play in parental decisions. We suggest that parents make moral decisions that are guided by the moral significance they attach (...)
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  15. Mark A. Strong (2013). Maintaining Discipline in Detainee Operations: A Study in Small Unit Leadership and Ethical Behavior. Journal of Military Ethics 11 (4):363 - 364.
    (2012). MAINTAINING DISCIPLINE IN DETAINEE OPERATIONS: A STUDY IN SMALL UNIT LEADERSHIP AND ETHICAL BEHAVIOR. Journal of Military Ethics: Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 363-364. doi: 10.1080/15027570.2012.758409.
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  16. Michael Strong (2013). Some Implications of Hayek's Cognitive Theory. Critical Review 25 (3-4):461-472.
    Hayek's oft-neglected cognitive theory, articulated in The Sensory Order, provides a foundation for a theory of innovation that integrates cognition, experience, and the importance of freedom for the creation of entirely new conceptual categories and fundamentally innovative entrepreneurial endeavors. For Hayek, one sees only what one is prepared to see; that is, we can notice sensory and other phenomena only after we have classified the data into often-implicit abstract categories that are mediated to us physiologically. Learning takes places by using (...)
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  17. Tracy B. Strong (2013). Exile and the Demos: Leo Strauss in America. The European Legacy 18 (6):715-726.
    This article explores the political, as opposed to the philosophical, impact of Leo Strauss?s exile in America on his thought. After a consideration of anti-Semitism and the importance Strauss attached to being a Jew, I argue that the fact that in America he no longer wrote in his Muttersprache but in English was central to his becoming a political theorist rather than a philosopher. Whereas as a philosopher he was unable to speak to the demos, as a political theorist what (...)
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  18. Tracy B. Strong (2013). In Defense of Rhetoric: Or How Hard It Is to Take a Writer Seriously The Case of Nietzsche. Political Theory 41 (4):507-532.
    Interpretations of Nietzsche, particularly about politics, cover an exceptionally wide range. Additionally, Nietzsche is often said to commit “rhetorical excesses.” I argue and show that Nietzsche consciously crafted his published works to allow this range of interpretations, that he did this for critical purposes, and that his so-called rhetoric is there to serve this purpose.
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  19. Tracy B. Strong (2013). Politics Without Vision: Thinking Without a Banister in the Twentieth Century. University of Chicago Press.
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  20. A. Lanni Yunis, R. K. Balot, E. A. Meyer, S. L. Forsdyke, C. Mossé, R. Osborne, L. A. Tritle, T. B. Strong & N. Karagiannis (2013). Johann P. Arnason, Kurt A. Raaflaub, and Peter Wagner (Eds.). The Greek Polis and the Invention of Democracy: A Politico-Cultural Transformation and Its In-Terpretations. The Ancient World: Comparative Histories. Malden, Mass.: Black-Well, 2013. Pp. X, 400. $139.95. ISBN 978-1-4443-5106-4. With Contributions From the Editors and E. Flaig, L. Bertelli, J. Grethlein, H. [REVIEW] Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 107 (1):139-145.
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  21. Andy Lock & Tom Strong (eds.) (2012). Discursive Perspectives in Therapeutic Practice. Oup Oxford.
    Psychotherapy is inherently discursive, yet, only recently, has the role that discourse plays in therapy been recognized as a focus in itself for analysis and intervention. Discursive Perspectives in Therapeutic Practice presents a overview of discursive perspectives in therapy, along with an account of their philosophical underpinnings.
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  22. C. Strong (2012). Abortion Decisions as Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria in Research Involving Pregnant Women and Fetuses. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (1):43-47.
    From the perspective of investigators conducting research involving pregnant women and fetuses, a woman's decision about whether to have an abortion can sometimes be relevant to the suitability of the woman and fetus as research subjects. However, prominent ethicists disagree over whether it is permissible for a woman's decision about abortion to be an inclusion or exclusion criterion for participation in research. A widely held view is that fetuses to be aborted and fetuses to be carried to term should be (...)
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  23. C. Strong (2012). Reply to Marquis: How Things Stand with the 'Future Like Ours' Argument. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (9):567-569.
    In an earlier essay in this journal I critiqued Don Marquis's well-known argument against abortion. I distinguished two versions of Marquis's argument, which I refer to as ‘the essence argument’ and ‘the sufficient condition argument’. I presented two counterexamples showing that the essence argument was mistaken, and I argued that the sufficient condition argument should be rejected because Marquis had not adequately responded to an important objection to it. In response to my critique, Marquis put forward in this journal a (...)
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  24. C. Strong, S. Connelly & L. R. Sprabery (2012). Prescribing for Co-Workers: Practices and Attitudes of Faculty and Residents. Journal of Clinical Ethics 24 (1):41-49.
    Background: Physicians sometimes are asked by co-workers for prescriptions to deal with their medical problems. These “hallway” requests typically occur outside a formal doctor-patient relationship. There are professional guidelines on serving as physician for family members and friends, but no guidelines address writing prescriptions for co-workers. The frequency of these requests and the factors physicians consider in responding to them have not been examined.Objectives: To obtain data on the frequency of these requests and physicians’ attitudes and practices in responding to (...)
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  25. Tracy B. Strong, Music, the Passions, and Political Freedom in Rousseau.
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  26. Tracy B. Strong (2012). Without Vision: Thinking Without a Banister in the Twentieth Century. University of Chicago Press.
    The world as we find it -- Kant and the death of God -- Nietzsche: the tragic ethos and the spirit of music -- Max Weber, magic, and the politics of social scientific objectivity -- "What have we to do with morals?": Nietzsche and Weber on the politics of morality -- Sigmund Freud and the heroism of knowledge -- Lenin and the calling of the party -- Carl Schmitt and the exceptional sovereign -- Martin Heidegger and the space of the (...)
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  27. Alejandro Strong (2011). Dewey and Martí : Culture in Education. In Gregory Fernando Pappas (ed.), Pragmatism in the Americas. Fordham University Press.
  28. Carson Strong (2011). Minimal Risk in Research Involving Pregnant Women and Fetuses. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 39 (3):529-538.
    The concept of minimal risk plays a key role in federal regulations on the protection of human research subjects. Although there has been considerable discussion of the meaning of minimal risk, the question of how this concept should be interpreted in research involving pregnant women and fetuses has not been addressed. This essay reviews the literature on minimal risk and argues for an interpretation of that concept in the context of research involving pregnant women and fetuses.
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  29. Carson Strong (2011). Moral Status and the Fetus: Continuation of a Dialogue. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):52-54.
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  30. Carson Strong (2011). Why Public Policy on Embryo Research Should Not Be Based on Religion. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):33-35.
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  31. Steven Strong & Evan Strong (2011). Forgotten Origin. Upa.
    This book is third in a series dedicated to the first Homo sapiens: the Australian Aboriginal people. Steven and Evan Strong continue their investigation into the global impact of Aboriginal people, relaying that the First Australians are unique, and in no way descended from Africans or any other race.
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  32. Tracy B. Strong (2011). Carl Schmitt : Political Theology and the Concept of the Political. In Catherine H. Zuckert (ed.), Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: Authors and Arguments. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  33. Betty Achinstein, Krista Adams, Steven Z. Athanases, EunJin Bang, Martha Bleeker, Cynthia L. Carver, Yu-Ming Cheng, Renée T. Clift, Nancy Clouse, Kristen A. Corbell, Sarah Dolfin, Sharon Feiman-Nemser, Maida Finch, Jonah Firestone, Steven Glazerman, MariaAssunção Flores, Susan Hanson, Lara Hebert, Richard Holdgreve-Resendez, Erin T. Horne, Leslie Huling, Eric Isenberg, Amy Johnson, Richard Lange, Julie A. Luft, Pearl Mack, Julia Moore, Jennifer Neakrase, Lynn W. Paine, Edward G. Pultorak, Hong Qian, Alan J. Reiman, Virginia Resta, John R. Schwille, Sharon A. Schwille, Thomas M. Smith, Randi Stanulis, Michael Strong, Dina Walker-DeVose, Ann L. Wood & Peter Youngs (2010). Past, Present, and Future Research on Teacher Induction: An Anthology for Researchers, Policy Makers, and Practitioners. R&L Education.
    This book's importance is derived from three sources: careful conceptualization of teacher induction from historical, methodological, and international perspectives; systematic reviews of research literature relevant to various aspects of teacher induction including its social, cultural, and political contexts, program components and forms, and the range of its effects; substantial empirical studies on the important issues of teacher induction with different kinds of methodologies that exemplify future directions and approaches to the research in teacher induction.
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  34. Anise K. Strong (2010). Mules in Herodotus. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 103 (4):455-464.
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  35. Anise K. Strong (2010). Mules in Herodotus: The Destiny of Half-Breeds. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 103 (4):455-464.
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  36. C. Strong (2010). How Should Risks and Benefits Be Balanced in Research Involving Pregnant Women and Fetuses? IRB: Ethics & Human Research 33 (6):1-5.
    In research involving pregnant women and fetuses, a number of questions arise concerning the balancing of risks and benefits. In research that holds out a prospect of direct benefit for the woman, how much risk to the fetus is permissible? How should the principle of minimizing risks be applied when there are two subjects—pregnant woman and fetus? Should risks for each of them be minimized? What if minimizing risks for one increases risks for the other? These and other questions are (...)
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  37. Carson Strong (2010). Theoretical and Practical Problems with Wide Reflective Equilibrium in Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (2):123-140.
    Various theories have been put forward in an attempt to explain what makes moral judgments justifiable. One of the main theories currently advocated in bioethics is a form of coherentism known as wide reflective equilibrium. In this paper, I argue that wide reflective equilibrium is not a satisfactory approach for justifying moral beliefs and propositions. A long-standing theoretical problem for reflective equilibrium has not been adequately resolved, and, as a result, the main arguments for wide reflective equilibrium are unsuccessful. Moreover, (...)
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  38. Carson Strong (2010). Why Academic Medical Centers Should Ban Drug Company Gifts to Individuals. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (1):13-15.
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  39. Tracy B. Strong (2010). Philosophy of the Morning: Nietzsche and the Politics of Transfiguration. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 39 (1):51-65.
    Nietzsche's life project remains constant throughout his life: it is the project of transformation or transfiguration. He formulates this as the necessity of dealing with the way that one's past shapes one's present. The paradigm for this transformation is first to be found in The Birth of Tragedy, but it reappears in various guises in all of his work. I argue that Nietzsche's writing is itself designed so as to make possible such a transformation in his readers.
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  40. Richard Madsen & Tracy B. Strong (eds.) (2009). The Many and the One: Religious and Secular Perspectives on Ethical Pluralism in the Modern World. Princeton University Press.
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  41. C. Strong (2009). Reply to Di Nucci: Why the Counterexamples Succeed. Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (5):326-327.
    In my essay, a critique of “the best secular argument against abortion” I reconstructed and criticised two versions of Don Marquis’s well-known argument against abortion. In critiquing the version I call the “essence argument”, I presented counterexamples to one of the premises in that argument. In this issue of the journal, Ezio Di Nucci takes note of the fact that I used the term “valuable future” in the premise but used the term “future like ours” in the counterexamples. Because the (...)
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  42. Carson Strong (2009). Exploring Questions About Common Morality. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (1):1-9.
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  43. Michael Strong (2009). Peace Through Access to Entrepreneurial Capitalism for All. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):529 - 538.
    Nations with legal environments that allow indigenous entrepreneurs to create legal businesses are more likely to be peaceful and prosperous nations. In addition to focusing on the role of multinational corporations, those interested in creating peace through commerce should focus on promoting legal environments that allow indigenous entrepreneurs to create peace and prosperity. In order to illustrate the relationship between improved legal environments and conflict reduction, this article describes a case study in which increased economic freedom led to reduced violence (...)
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  44. Thomas Strong (2009). Vital Publics of Pure Blood. Body and Society 15 (2):169-191.
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  45. Tracy B. Strong & Richard Madsen (2009). Introduction: Three Forms of Ethical Pluralism. In Tracy B. Strong & Richard Madsen (eds.), The Many and the One: Religious and Secular Perspectives on Ethical Pluralism in the Modern World. Princeton University Press. 1-22.
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  46. Anise K. Strong (2008). Power and Eroticism in Imperial Rome (Review). American Journal of Philology 129 (2):290-293.
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  47. C. Strong (2008). A Critique of “the Best Secular Argument Against Abortion”. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (10):727-731.
    Don Marquis has put forward a non-religious argument against abortion based on what he claims is a morally relevant similarity between killing adult human beings and killing fetuses. He asserts that killing adults is wrong because it deprives them of their valuable futures. He points out that a fetus’s future includes everything that is in an adult’s future, given that fetuses naturally develop into adults. Thus, according to Marquis, killing a fetus deprives it of the same sort of valuable future (...)
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  48. Carson Strong (2008). Cloning and Adoption: A Reply to Levy and Lotz. Bioethics 22 (2):130–136.
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  49. Carson Strong (2008). Do Embryonic “Patients” Have Moral Interests? American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):40 – 42.
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  50. Carson Strong (2008). Justifying Group-Specific Common Morality. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (1):1-15.
    Some defenders of the view that there is a common morality have conceived such morality as being universal, in the sense of extending across all cultures and times. Those who deny the existence of such a common morality often argue that the universality claim is implausible. Defense of common morality must take account of the distinction between descriptive and normative claims that there is a common morality. This essay considers these claims separately and identifies the nature of the arguments for (...)
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