Search results for 'Stuart A. McLelland' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  19
    Joseph T. Devlin, Matt H. Davis, Stuart A. McLelland & Richard P. Russell (2000). Efficiency, Information Theory, and Neural Representations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):475-476.
    We contend that if efficiency and reliability are important factors in neural information processing then distributed, not localist, representations are “evolution's best bet.” We note that distributed codes are the most efficient method for representing information, and that this efficiency minimizes metabolic costs, providing adaptive advantage to an organism.
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  2.  48
    Susan A. J. Stuart (2003). A Metaphysical Approach to the Mind. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (3):223-37.
    It is argued that, based on Kant's descriptive metaphysics, one can prescribe the necessary metaphysical underpinnings for the possibility of conscious experience in an artificial system. This project is developed by giving an account of the a priori concepts of the understanding in such a system. A specification and implementation of the nomological conditions for a conscious system allows one to know a priori that any system possessing this structure will be conscious; thus enabling us to avoid possible false-indicators of (...)
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  3.  27
    M. Beaton, B. Pierce & S. A. J. Stuart (2013). Neurophenomenology – A Special Issue. Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):265-268.
    Context: Seventeen years ago Francisco Varela introduced neurophenomenology. He proposed the integration of phenomenological approaches to first-person experience – in the tradition of Husserl, Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty – with a neuro-dynamical, scientific approach to the study of the situated brain and body. Problem: It is time for a re-appraisal of this field. Has neurophenomenology already contributed to the sciences of the mind? If so, how? How should it best do so in future? Additionally, can neurophenomenology really help to resolve or (...)
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  4.  29
    Susan A. J. Stuart (2002). A Radical Notion of Embeddedness: A Logically Necessary Precondition for Agency and Self-Awareness. Metaphilosophy 33 (1-2):98-109.
    The aim of this paper is to establish the logically necessary preconditions for the existence of self-awareness in an artificial or a natural agent. We examine the terms, agent, situated, embodied, embedded, and representation, as employed ubiquitously in cognitive science, attempting to clarify their meaning and the limits of their use. We discuss the minimal conditions for an agent’s environment constituting a ‘world’ and reject most, though not all, types of virtual world. We argue that to qualify as genuinely situated (...)
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  5.  4
    S. N. Stuart (2013). Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 112:23.
    Stuart, SN Review of: Agnosticism: A very short introduction, by Robin Le Poidevin Oxford University Press, 2010,.
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  6. C. W. Lejuez, Jennifer P. Read, Christopher W. Kahler, Jerry B. Richards, Susan E. Ramsey, Gregory L. Stuart, David R. Strong & Richard A. Brown (2002). Evaluation of a Behavioral Measure of Risk Taking: The Balloon Analogue Risk Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 8 (2):75-84.
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  7.  3
    S. A. J. Stuart (2008). Echo Objects: The Cognitive Work of Images-a Review. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (3):125-127.
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  8. J. E. P. Currall, M. S. Moss & S. A. J. Stuart (2008). Authenticity: A Red Herring? Journal of Applied Logic 6 (4):534-544.
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  9. Bruce C. Stuart, Becky A. Briesacher, Jalpa A. Doshi, Marian V. Wrobel & Fatima Baysac (2007). Will Part D Produce Savings in Part A and Part B? The Impact of Prescription Drug Coverage on Medicare Program Expenditures. Inquiry 44 (2):146-156.
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  10.  20
    Michael T. Stuart (2014). Cognitive Science and Thought Experiments: A Refutation of Paul Thagard's Skepticism. Perspectives on Science 22 (2):264-287.
    Paul Thagard is a well-known cognitive scientist and philosopher of mind who has recently expressed skepticism about the cognitive efficacy of thought experiments.1 In so doing he joins forces with Alexius Meinong (1907), Daniel Dennett (1984), Jonathan Dancy (1985), Gilbert Harman (1986), and Kathleen Wilkes (1988). According to Meinong, who was perhaps the first skeptic about thought experiments explicitly so-called, “an experiment that in fact does not exist at all, can neither prove nor teach anything” (1907, pp. 276–77). Dennett, Dancy, (...)
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  11.  4
    Diana Stuart & Rebecca L. Schewe (2016). Constrained Choice and Climate Change Mitigation in US Agriculture: Structural Barriers to a Climate Change Ethic. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3):369-385.
    This paper examines structural barriers to the adoption of climate change mitigation practices and the evolution of a climate change ethic among American farmers. It examines how seed corn contracts in Michigan constrain the choices of farmers and allow farmers to rationalize the over-application of fertilizer and associated water pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Seed corn contracts use a competitive “tournament” system where farmers are rewarded for maximizing yields. Interviews and a focus group were used to understand fertilizer over-application and (...)
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  12.  5
    C. I. J. M. Stuart, Y. Takahashi & H. Umezawa (1979). Mixed-System Brain Dynamics: Neural Memory as a Macroscopic Ordered State. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 9 (3-4):301-327.
    The paper reviews the current situation regarding a new theory of brain dynamics put forward by the authors in an earlier publication. Motivation for the theory is discussed in terms of two issues: the long-standing problem of accounting for the stability and nonlocal properties of memory, and the experimental and theoretical evidence against the classical theory of brain action. It is shown that the new theory provides an explanation and a conceptually unifying framework for phenomena of brain action that resist (...)
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  13.  29
    Ron Chrisley, I. Aleksander, S. Bringsjord, R. Clowes, J. Parthemore, S. Stuart, S. Torrance & T. Ziemke (2008). Assessing Artificial Consciousness: A Collective Review Article. Journal of Consciousness Studies 15 (7):95-110.
    While the recent special issue of JCS on machine consciousness (Volume 14, Issue 7) was in preparation, a collection of papers on the same topic, entitled Artificial Consciousness and edited by Antonio Chella and Riccardo Manzotti, was published. The editors of the JCS special issue, Ron Chrisley, Robert Clowes and Steve Torrance, thought it would be a timely and productive move to have authors of papers in their collection review the papers in the Chella and Manzotti book, and include these (...)
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  14.  2
    N. H. Metcalfe & E. Stuart (2014). A Short History Of Providing Medical History Within The British Medical Undergraduate Curriculum. Medical Humanities 40 (1):31-37.
    This article aims to discuss the history of medical history in the British medical undergraduate curriculum and it reviews the main characters and organisations that have attempted to earn it a place in the curriculum. It also reviews the arguments for and against the study of the subject that have been used over the last 160 years.
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  15. Matthew Stuart (ed.) (2015). A Companion to Locke. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This collection of 28 original essays examines the diverse scope of John Locke’s contributions as a celebrated philosopher, empiricist, and father of modern political theory. Explores the impact of Locke’s thought and writing across a range of fields including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, political theory, education, religion, and economics Delves into the most important Lockean topics, such as innate ideas, perception, natural kinds, free will, natural rights, religious toleration, and political liberalism Identifies the political, philosophical, and religious contexts in (...)
     
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  16. Matthew Stuart (ed.) (2015). A Companion to Locke. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This collection of 28 original essays examines the diverse scope of John Locke’s contributions as a celebrated philosopher, empiricist, and father of modern political theory. Explores the impact of Locke’s thought and writing across a range of fields including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, political theory, education, religion, and economics Delves into the most important Lockean topics, such as innate ideas, perception, natural kinds, free will, natural rights, religious toleration, and political liberalism Identifies the political, philosophical, and religious contexts in (...)
     
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  17. Matthew Stuart (ed.) (2015). A Companion to Locke. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This collection of 28 original essays examines the diverse scope of John Locke’s contributions as a celebrated philosopher, empiricist, and father of modern political theory. Explores the impact of Locke’s thought and writing across a range of fields including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of science, political theory, education, religion, and economics Delves into the most important Lockean topics, such as innate ideas, perception, natural kinds, free will, natural rights, religious toleration, and political liberalism Identifies the political, philosophical, and religious contexts in (...)
     
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  18.  7
    Morag Stuart & Max Coltheart (1988). Does Reading Develop in a Sequence of Stages? Cognition 30 (2):139-181.
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  19.  10
    Jim Stuart (2004). A Virtue-Ethical Approach to Moral Conflicts Involving the Possibility of Self-Sacrifice. Journal of Social Philosophy 35 (1):21–33.
  20.  6
    Susan Aj Stuart (2010). The Roots of Morality-a Review. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2):244-249.
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  21.  5
    Beth Stuart & Andrew Hinde (2010). Identifying Individuals Engaging in Risky Sexual Behaviour for Chlamydia Infection in the Uk: A Latent Class Approach. Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (1):27.
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  22.  6
    Nerida Stuart (2013). A World on the Brink of Nuclear War - the Cold War and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Agora 48 (2):52.
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  23. Joseph C. McLelland (1976). God the Anonymous: A Study in Alexandrian Philosophical Theology. [Sole Distributors, Greeno, Hadden].
     
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  24.  3
    Henry W. Stuart (1920). A Reversal of Perspective in Ethical Theory. Philosophical Review 29 (4):340-354.
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  25.  2
    Henry W. Stuart (1904). The Need of a Logic of Conduct. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 1 (13):344-350.
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  26. Hickey Melinda, Johnstone Stuart & Rushby Jacqueline (2014). Neurocognitive Training for Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Feasibility Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  27. Benikos Nicholas, Johnstone Stuart & Roodenrys Steven (2014). A Comparison of Two Training Protocols to Improve Inhibitory Control in Healthy Adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
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  28. William W. Stuart (1978). A Practical Guide to Assist Hospitals and Physicians Obtain Fellowship Tax Exclusion. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 6 (2):14-15.
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  29. William W. Stuart (1978). A Practical Guide to Assist Hospitals and Physicians Obtain Fellowship Tax Exclusion. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 6 (2):14-15.
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  30. Johnstone Stuart, Roodenrys Steven, Johnson Kirsten & Bonfield Rebecca (2015). A Randomised Control Investigation of Combined Cognitive and Neurofeedback Training for Children with AD/HD. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  31. Cg Stuart (1983). Industrial-Arts-a Lost Vision. Journal of Thought 18 (3):165-172.
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  32. McGill Stuart, Elliffe Douglas & Corballis Paul (2015). Investigating the Electrophysiological Correlates of Rewards and Contingency in a Two-Alternative-Choice Procedure. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  33. Mari Jyväsjärvi Stuart (2013). Male Guardians of Women's Virtue: A Dharmaśāstric Theme and Its Jain Variations. Journal of the American Oriental Society 133 (1):35.
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  34. C. E. Stuart (1912). The MSS. Of the Interpolated (A) Tradition of the Tragedies of Seneca. Classical Quarterly 6 (01):1-.
    ‘Der Text der Tragodien des Seneca ist in zwei Rezensionen iiberliefert.Die bessere ist vertreten durch die Haupths. Laur. 37, 13 s. xi/xii.… Zu der schlechteren, stark verfalschten Rezension gehoren die iibrigen Hss., von denen keine iiber die Mitte des 14. Jahrhunderts zuriickgeht.’.
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  35.  97
    Susan A. J. Stuart & Paul J. Thibault, Enkinaesthetic Polyphony: The Underpinning for First-Order Languaging.
    We contest two claims: that language, understood as the processing of abstract symbolic forms, is an instrument of cognition and rational thought, and that conventional notions of turn-taking, exchange structure, and move analysis, are satisfactory as a basis for theorizing communication between living, feeling agents. We offer an enkinaesthetic theory describing the reciprocal affective neuro-muscular dynamical flows and tensions of co- agential dialogical sense-making relations. This “enkinaesthetic dialogue” is characterised by a preconceptual experientially recursive temporal dynamics forming the deep extended (...)
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  36.  18
    Matthew Stuart (2013). Locke's Metaphysics. OUP Oxford.
    Matthew Stuart offers a fresh interpretation of John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, arguing for the work's profound contribution to metaphysics. He presents new readings of Locke's accounts of personal identity and the primary/secondary quality distinction, and explores Locke's case against materialism and his philosophy of action.
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  37. Susan A. J. Stuart (2011). Enkinaesthesia: The Fundamental Challenge for Machine Consciousness. International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (01):145-162.
    In this short paper I will introduce an idea which, I will argue, presents a fundamental additional challenge to the machine consciousness community. The idea takes the questions surrounding phenomenology, qualia and phenomenality one step further into the realm of intersubjectivity but with a twist, and the twist is this: that an agent’s intersubjective experience is deeply felt and necessarily co-affective; it is enkinaesthetic, and only through enkinaesthetic awareness can we establish the affective enfolding which enables first the perturbation, and (...)
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  38. Susan A. J. Stuart (1998). The Role of Deception in Complex Social Interaction. Cogito 12 (1):25-32.
    Social participation requires certain abilities: communication with other members of society; social understanding which enables planning ahead and dealing with novel circumstances; and a theory of mind which makes it possible to anticipate the mental state of another. In childhood play we learn how to pretend, how to put ourselves in the minds of others, how to imagine what others are thinking and how to attribute false beliefs to them. Without this ability we would be unable to deceive and detect (...)
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  39. Susan A. J. Stuart (2008). From Agency to Apperception: Through Kinaesthesia to Cognition and Creation. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 10 (4):255-264.
    My aim in this paper is to go some way towards showing that the maintenance of hard and fast dichotomies, like those between mind and body, and the real and the virtual, is untenable, and that technological advance cannot occur with being cognisant of its reciprocal ethical implications. In their place I will present a softer enactivist ontology through which I examine the nature of our engagement with technology in general and with virtual realities in particular. This softer ontology is (...)
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  40.  39
    S. A. J. Stuart (2013). The Union of Two Nervous Systems: Neurophenomenology, Enkinaesthesia, and the Alexander Technique. Constructivist Foundations 8 (3):314-323.
    Context: Neurophenomenology is a relatively new field, with scope for novel and informative approaches to empirical questions about what structural parallels there are between neural activity and phenomenal experience. Problem: The overall aim is to present a method for examining possible correlations of neurodynamic and phenodynamic structures within the structurally-coupled work of Alexander Technique practitioners with their pupils. Method: This paper includes the development of an enkinaesthetic explanatory framework, an overview of the salient aspects of the Alexander Technique, and the (...)
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  41.  60
    Chris Dobbyn & Susan A. J. Stuart (2003). The Self as an Embedded Agent. Minds and Machines 13 (2):187-201.
    In this paper we consider the concept of a self-aware agent. In cognitive science agents are seen as embodied and interactively situated in worlds. We analyse the meanings attached to these terms in cognitive science and robotics, proposing a set of conditions for situatedness and embodiment, and examine the claim that internal representational schemas are largely unnecessary for intelligent behaviour in animats. We maintain that current situated and embodied animats cannot be ascribed even minimal self-awareness, and offer a six point (...)
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  42.  30
    Susan A. J. Stuart (2007). Machine Consciousness: Cognitive and Kinaesthetic Imagination. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):141-153.
    Machine consciousness exists already in organic systems and it is only a matter of time -- and some agreement -- before it will be realised in reverse-engineered organic systems and forward- engineered inorganic systems. The agreement must be over the preconditions that must first be met if the enterprise is to be successful, and it is these preconditions, for instance, being a socially-embedded, structurally-coupled and dynamic, goal-directed entity that organises its perceptual input and enacts its world through the application of (...)
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  43.  16
    Susan A. J. Stuart (2008). From Agency to Apperception: Through Kinaesthesia to Cognition and Creation. Ethics and Information Technology 10 (4):255-264.
    My aim in this paper is to go some way towards showing that the maintenance of hard and fast dichotomies, like those between mind and body, and the real and the virtual, is untenable, and that technological advance cannot occur with being cognisant of its reciprocal ethical implications. In their place I will present a softer enactivist ontology through which I examine the nature of our engagement with technology in general and with virtual realities in particular. This softer ontology is (...)
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  44.  50
    Susan A. J. Stuart (2010). Conscious Machines: Memory, Melody and Muscular Imagination. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):37-51.
    A great deal of effort has been, and continues to be, devoted to developing consciousness artificially (A small selection of the many authors writing in this area includes: Cotterill (J Conscious Stud 2:290–311, 1995 , 1998 ), Haikonen ( 2003 ), Aleksander and Dunmall (J Conscious Stud 10:7–18, 2003 ), Sloman ( 2004 , 2005 ), Aleksander ( 2005 ), Holland and Knight ( 2006 ), and Chella and Manzotti ( 2007 )), and yet a similar amount of effort has (...)
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  45.  47
    Rachel Wood & Susan A. J. Stuart (2009). Aplasic Phantoms and the Mirror Neuron System: An Enactive, Developmental Perspective. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):487-504.
    Phantom limb experiences demonstrate an unexpected degree of fragility inherent in our self-perceptions. This is perhaps most extreme when congenitally absent limbs are experienced as phantoms. Aplasic phantoms highlight fundamental questions about the physiological bases of self-experience and the ontogeny of a physical, embodied sense of the self. Some of the most intriguing of these questions concern the role of mirror neurons in supporting the development of self–other mappings and hence the emergence of phantom experiences of congenitally absent limbs. In (...)
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  46.  25
    Susan A. J. Stuart (2012). Enkinaesthesia: The Essential Sensuous Background for Co-Agency. In Zravko Radman (ed.), The Background: Knowing Without Thinking. Palgrave Macmillan
    The primary aim of this essay is to present a case for a heavily revised notion of heterophenomenology. l will refer to the revised notion as ‘enkinaesthesia’ because of its dependence on the experiential entanglement of our own and the other’s felt action as the sensory background within which all other experience is possible. Enkinaesthesia2 emphasizes two things: (i) the neuromuscular dynamics of the agent, including the givenness and ownership of its experience, and (ii) the entwined, blended and situated co-affective (...)
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  47.  43
    Diana Stuart & Michelle Woroosz (2013). Erratum To: The Myth of Efficiency: Technology and Ethics in Industrial Food Production. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):257-257.
    Abstract In this paper, we explore how the application of technological tools has reshaped food production systems in ways that foster large-scale outbreaks of foodborne illness. Outbreaks of foodborne illness have received increasing attention in recent years, resulting in a growing awareness of the negative impacts associated with industrial food production. These trends indicate a need to examine systemic causes of outbreaks and how they are being addressed. In this paper, we analyze outbreaks linked to ground beef and salad greens. (...)
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  48.  45
    Susan A. J. Stuart (2007). Michael Tye, Consciousness and Persons; Unity and Identity. Minds and Machines 17 (3):365-367.
    The crux of this book is expressed in one short sentence from the Preface: 'Unity is a fundamental part of our experience, something that is crucial to its phenomenology' [p.xii], and the crux of this sentence is that the unity of consciousness is not a matter of phenomenal relations existing between distinct experiences – the received view [p.17], but the existence of relations between the contents of experiences – the one experience view [p.25ff]. In its simplest form Tye's claim is (...)
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  49.  3
    S. N. Stuart (2015). Public Education is Just as Good as Private. Australian Humanist, The 118:10.
    Stuart, SN A review of sociological studies comparing outcomes of schooling across the three educational sectors in Australia has been published by Save Our Schools.
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  50. Stephen Stuart (2013). On Being Certain: Believing You Are Right Even When You 'Re Not [Book Review]'. The Australian Humanist 111 (111):22.
    Stuart, Stephen Review of: On being certain: Believing you are right even when you're not, by Robert A. Burton, St Martin's Griffin, New York, 2008,.
     
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