Search results for 'Stuart Brody' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stuart Brody (1997). Vaginas Yield Far More Pleasure Than Pain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):442-443.score: 240.0
    berkley's pathogen model of sex differences in pain is inconsistent with women outliving men by several years. The vagina is far more resistant to pathogens than is the rectum. Vaginal stimulation produces intense analgesia in rats and humans. Possible evolutionary and cardiovascular factors are also noted.
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  2. Stuart Brody & Caterina Breitenstein (2000). The Trade-Off Between Frequency of Intercourse and Sexual Partner Accumulation May Reflect Evolutionary Adaptations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):594-594.score: 240.0
    The adaptive trade-offs between long- and short-term matings may be mediated or at least reflected partially by the trade-offs between the relative reinforcement obtained through a greater frequency of intercourse (typically greater among cohabitants) versus a greater frequency of partner change. The differing correlates of each approach and meshing with the Sexual Strategies Theory of Gangestad & Simpson are discussed.
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  3. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, John E. Fellers, Amir Halevy, B. Andrew Lustig, Elizabeth Heitman, Laurence B. McCullough, Gerald McKenny, J. Robert Nelson & Stuart Spicker (1995). For Further Information and/or to Register for the Seminar, Please Write or Call The Institute of Religion, Texas Medical Center, 1129 Wilkins Blvd., Houston, TX 77030.(713) 797-0600. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 7:5.score: 240.0
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  4. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr, Elizabeth Heitman, B. Andrew Lustig, Laurence B. McCullough, Gerald McKenny, Stuart F. Spieker & Porter B. Storey (1995). " Recovering the Traditions: Religious Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Christian Bioethics 1 (2):247.score: 240.0
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  5. Baruch Brody (1976). Page 8 Hume, Reid, and Kant on Causality/Brody. In Stephen Francis Barker & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), Thomas Reid: Critical Interpretations. University City Science Center. 3--8.score: 180.0
     
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  6. F. G. Miller & H. Brody (2003). Clinical Equipoise and the Therapeutic Misconception-Miller and Brody Reply. Hastings Center Report 33 (5):7-7.score: 180.0
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  7. John C. Moskop (1982). Book Review:Philosophy and Medicine Series. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 1: Explanation and Evaluation in the Biomedical Sciences. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 2: Philosophical Dimensions of the Neuro-Medical Sciences. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 3: Philosophical Medical Ethics: Its Nature and Significance. Stuart F. Spicker, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 4. Mental Health: Philosophical Perspectives. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 5: Mental Illness: Law and Public Policy. Baruch A. Brody, H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 6: Clinical Judgment: A Critical Appraisal. H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr., Stuart F. Spicker, Bernard Towers; Philosophy and Medicine Series. Vol. 7. Organism, Medicine, and Metaphysi. [REVIEW] Ethics 92 (2):381-.score: 120.0
  8. Baruch A. Brody (2010). Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (3):231-249.score: 60.0
    In a recent article (Brody 2010), I analyzed the debates surrounding charges of biopiracy, that is, charges that developed countries use biotechnology patents to expropriate the biological/genetic heritage of less developed countries. Such charges often are accompanied by the additional charge that biotechnology patents are used to expropriate the traditional knowledge about the use of these resources possessed by indigenous communities in less developed countries. It is this second charge that is the focus of this essay, which will develop (...)
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  9. Susan Stuart (2009). Alvin I. Goldman, Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology and Neuroscience of Mindreading. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 19 (2):279-282.score: 60.0
    Alvin I. Goldman, Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology and Neuroscience of Mindreading Content Type Journal Article Pages 279-282 DOI 10.1007/s11023-009-9142-x Authors Susan Stuart, University of Glasgow Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute 11 University Gardens Glasgow G12 8QQ Scotland, UK Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495 Journal Volume Volume 19 Journal Issue Volume 19, Number 2.
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  10. Diana Stuart & Michelle Woroosz (2013). Erratum To: The Myth of Efficiency: Technology and Ethics in Industrial Food Production. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):257-257.score: 60.0
    Abstract In this paper, we explore how the application of technological tools has reshaped food production systems in ways that foster large-scale outbreaks of foodborne illness. Outbreaks of foodborne illness have received increasing attention in recent years, resulting in a growing awareness of the negative impacts associated with industrial food production. These trends indicate a need to examine systemic causes of outbreaks and how they are being addressed. In this paper, we analyze outbreaks linked to ground beef and salad greens. (...)
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  11. S. N. Stuart (2012). Outstanding Humanist Achiever 2012. Australian Humanist, The 107 (107):8.score: 60.0
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  12. S. N. Stuart (2012). Freethinkers in ADB. Australian Humanist, The 107 (107):23.score: 60.0
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  13. Jennie Stuart (2012). Hands Off Not an Option! [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The (105):17.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Jennie Review(s) of: Hands off not an option! The reminiscence museum mirror of a humanistic care philosophy, by Professor Dr Hans Marcel Becker assisted by Inez van den Dobbelsteen- Becker and Topsy Ros. Eburon Academic Publishers, Delft, 2011 272 pp.
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  14. Jennie Stuart (2013). Norman Haire and the Study of Sex [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 111 (111):24.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Jennie Review of: Norman Haire and the study of sex, by Diana Wyndham, Sydney University Press, 2012,.
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  15. Matthew Stuart (2013). Locke's Metaphysics. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
    Matthew Stuart offers a fresh interpretation of John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, arguing for the work's profound contribution to metaphysics. He presents new readings of Locke's accounts of personal identity and the primary/secondary quality distinction, and explores Locke's case against materialism and his philosophy of action.
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  16. Stephen Stuart (2013). On Being Certain: Believing You Are Right Even When You're Not [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 111 (111):22.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Stephen Review of: On being certain: Believing you are right even when you're not, by Robert A. Burton, St Martin's Griffin, New York, 2008,.
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  17. Stephen Stuart (2012). The Gleaming Toe of David Hume. Australian Humanist, The 107 (107):14.score: 60.0
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  18. Stephen Stuart (2013). Free Will [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 110 (110):22.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Stephen Review of: Free will, by Sam Harris, Free Press, New York, 2012,.
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  19. Stephen Stuart (2013). Wicked Company: Freethinkers and Friendship in Pre-Revolutionary Paris [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 111 (111):23.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Stephen Review of: Wicked company: Freethinkers and friendship in pre-revolutionary Paris, by Philipp Blom, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 2011,.
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  20. S. N. Stuart (2013). Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 112:23.score: 60.0
    Stuart, SN Review of: Agnosticism: A very short introduction, by Robin Le Poidevin Oxford University Press, 2010,.
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  21. Baruch Brody (1972). Thomson on Abortion. Philosophy and Public Affairs 1 (3):335-340.score: 30.0
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  22. Baruch A. Brody (1973). Why Settle for Anything Less Than Good Old-Fashioned Aristotelian Essentialism. Noûs 7 (4):351-365.score: 30.0
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  23. Matthew Stuart (2003). Locke's Colors. Philosophical Review 112 (1):57-96.score: 30.0
  24. Baruch A. Brody (2007). Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The European Debate. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (2):69-110.score: 30.0
    : The European patent system allows for the introduction of moral issues into decisions about the granting of patents. This feature has greatly impacted European debates about the patenting of biotechnology. This essay explores the European experience, in both the European Union and the European Patent Organization. It argues that there has been great confusion surrounding these issues primarily because the Europeans have not developed a general theory about when exclusion from patentability is the best social mechanism for dealing with (...)
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  25. Chris Dobbyn & Susan A. J. Stuart (2003). The Self as an Embedded Agent. Minds and Machines 13 (2):187-201.score: 30.0
    In this paper we consider the concept of a self-aware agent. In cognitive science agents are seen as embodied and interactively situated in worlds. We analyse the meanings attached to these terms in cognitive science and robotics, proposing a set of conditions for situatedness and embodiment, and examine the claim that internal representational schemas are largely unnecessary for intelligent behaviour in animats. We maintain that current situated and embodied animats cannot be ascribed even minimal self-awareness, and offer a six point (...)
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  26. B. A. Brody (1967). Natural Kinds and Real Essences. Journal of Philosophy 64 (14):431-446.score: 30.0
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  27. Susan A. J. Stuart (2003). A Metaphysical Approach to the Mind. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (3):223-37.score: 30.0
    It is argued that, based on Kant's descriptive metaphysics, one can prescribe the necessary metaphysical underpinnings for the possibility of conscious experience in an artificial system. This project is developed by giving an account of the a priori concepts of the understanding in such a system. A specification and implementation of the nomological conditions for a conscious system allows one to know a priori that any system possessing this structure will be conscious; thus enabling us to avoid possible false-indicators of (...)
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  28. Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2002). What Makes Placebo-Controlled Trials Unethical? American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):3 – 9.score: 30.0
    The leading ethical position on placebo-controlled clinical trials is that whenever proven effective treatment exists for a given condition, it is unethical to test a new treatment for that condition against placebo. Invoking the principle of clinical equipoise, opponents of placebo-controlled trials in the face of proven effective treatment argue that they (1) violate the therapeutic obligation of physicians to offer optimal medical care and (2) lack both scientific and clinical merit. We contend that both of these arguments are mistaken. (...)
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  29. B. A. Brody (1971). Abortion and the Law. Journal of Philosophy 68 (12):357-369.score: 30.0
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  30. Baruch A. Brody (1972). De Re and de Dicto Interpretations of Modal Logic or a Return to an Aristotelean Essentialism. Philosophia 2 (1-2):117-136.score: 30.0
  31. Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2007). Clinical Equipoise and the Incoherence of Research Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (2):151 – 165.score: 30.0
    The doctrine of clinical equipoise is appealing because it appears to permit physicians to maintain their therapeutic obligation to offer optimal medical care to patients while conducting randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The appearance, however, is deceptive. In this article we argue that clinical equipoise is defective and incoherent in multiple ways. First, it conflates the sound methodological principle that RCTs should begin with an honest null hypothesis with the questionable ethical norm that participants in these trials should never be randomized (...)
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  32. Baruch A. Brody (2006). Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The U.S. Internal Experience--Part I. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (1):1-37.score: 30.0
    : In the development of biotechnology in the United States, many questions were raised about the appropriateness of applying to this area a traditional robust system of intellectual property rights. Despite these hesitations, the U.S. rejected suggested modifications. This was a mistake, and there is a need to develop a modified system that promotes more of the relevant ethical values.
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  33. Susan A. J. Stuart (2007). Machine Consciousness: Cognitive and Kinaesthetic Imagination. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):141-153.score: 30.0
    Machine consciousness exists already in organic systems and it is only a matter of time -- and some agreement -- before it will be realised in reverse-engineered organic systems and forward- engineered inorganic systems. The agreement must be over the preconditions that must first be met if the enterprise is to be successful, and it is these preconditions, for instance, being a socially-embedded, structurally-coupled and dynamic, goal-directed entity that organises its perceptual input and enacts its world through the application of (...)
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  34. Franklin G. Miller & Howard Brody (2001). The Internal Morality of Medicine: An Evolutionary Perspective. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (6):581 – 599.score: 30.0
    A basic question of medical ethics is whether the norms governing medical practice should be understood as the application of principles and rules of the common morality to medicine or whether some of these norms are internal or proper to medicine. In this article we describe and defend an evolutionary perspective on the internal morality of medicine that is defined in terms of the goals of clinical medicine and a set of duties that constrain medical practice in pursuit of these (...)
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  35. Baruch A. Brody (2002). Freedom and Responsibility in Genetic Testing. Social Philosophy and Policy 19 (2):343-359.score: 30.0
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  36. Susan A. J. Stuart (2002). A Radical Notion of Embeddedness: A Logically Necessary Precondition for Agency and Self-Awareness. Metaphilosophy 33 (1-2):98-109.score: 30.0
    The aim of this paper is to establish the logically necessary preconditions for the existence of self-awareness in an artificial or a natural agent. We examine the terms, agent, situated, embodied, embedded, and representation, as employed ubiquitously in cognitive science, attempting to clarify their meaning and the limits of their use. We discuss the minimal conditions for an agent’s environment constituting a ‘world’ and reject most, though not all, types of virtual world. We argue that to qualify as genuinely situated (...)
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  37. B. A. Brody (1968). Confirmation and Explanation. Journal of Philosophy 65 (10):282-299.score: 30.0
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  38. Baruch A. Brody (1971). Is There a Philosophical Problem About the Identity of Substances? Philosophia 1 (1-2):43-59.score: 30.0
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  39. Howard Brody (1987). The Physician-Patient Relationship: Models and Criticisms. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2).score: 30.0
    A review of the philosophical debate on theoretical models for the physician-patient relationship over the past fifteen years may point to some of the more productive questions for future research. Contractual models have been criticized for promoting a legalistic and minimalistic image of the relationship, such that another form of model (such as convenant) is required. Shifting from a contractual to a contractarian model (in keeping with Rawls' notion of an original position) provides an adequate response to many criticisms of (...)
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  40. Howard Brody (2006). Family Medicine, the Physician-Patient Relationship, and Patient-Centered Care. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):38 – 39.score: 30.0
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  41. B. A. Brody (1971). On the Ontological Priority of Physical Objects. Noûs 5 (2):139-155.score: 30.0
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  42. Howard Brody & Franklin G. Miller (1998). The Internal Morality of Medicine: Explication and Application to Managed Care. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (4):384 – 410.score: 30.0
    Some ethical issues facing contemporary medicine cannot be fully understood without addressing medicine's internal morality. Medicine as a profession is characterized by certain moral goals and morally acceptable means for achieving those goals. The list of appropriate goals and means allows some medical actions to be classified as clear violations of the internal morality, and others as borderline or controversial cases. Replies are available for common objections, including the superfluity of internal morality for ethical analysis, the argument that internal morality (...)
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  43. Howard Brody (1985). Philosophy of Medicine and Other Humanities: Toward a Wholistic View. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (3).score: 30.0
    A less analytic and more wholistic approach to philosophy, described as best overall fit or seeing how things all hang together, is defended in recent works by John Rawls and Richard Rorty and can usefully be applied to problems in philosophy of medicine. Looking at sickness and its impact upon the person as a central problem for philosophy of medicine, this approach discourages a search for necessary and sufficient conditions for being sick, and instead encourages a listing of true and (...)
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  44. Howard Brody (2006). Are There Three or Four Distinct Types of Medical Practice? American Journal of Bioethics 6 (4):51 – 53.score: 30.0
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  45. B. A. Brody (1972). Towards an Aristotelean Theory of Scientific Explanation. Philosophy of Science 39 (1):20-31.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I consider a variety of objections against the covering-law model of scientific explanation, show that Aristotle was already aware of them and had solutions for them, and argue that these solutions are correct. These solutions involve the notions of nonHumean causality and of essential properties. There are a great many familiar objections, both methodological and epistemological, to introducing these concepts into the methodology of science, but I show that these objections are based upon misunderstandings of these concepts.
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  46. Allen E. Buchanan, Andrea Califano, Jeffrey Kahn, Elizabeth McPherson, John A. Robertson & Baruch A. Brody (2002). Pharmacogenetics: Ethical Issues and Policy Options. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):1-15.score: 30.0
    : Pharmacogenetics offers the prospect of an era of safer and more effective drugs, as well as more individualized use of drug therapies. Before the benefits of pharmacogenetics can be realized, the ethical issues that arise in research and clinical application of pharmacogenetic technologies must be addressed. The ethical issues raised by pharmacogenetics can be addressed under six headings: (1) regulatory oversight, (2) confidentiality and privacy, (3) informed consent, (4) availability of drugs, (5) access, and (6) clinicians' changing responsibilities in (...)
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  47. Nathan Brody & Paul Oppenheim (1969). Application of Bohr's Principle of Complementarity to the Mind-Body Problem. Journal of Philosophy 66 (4):97-113.score: 30.0
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  48. Jules Brody (1998). Montaigne: Philosophy, Philology, Literature. Philosophy and Literature 22 (1):83-107.score: 30.0
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  49. Baruch A. Brody (1993). Assessing Empirical Research in Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 14 (3).score: 30.0
    Empirical research can aid ethical reflection in bioethics by identifying issues, by seeing how they are currently resolved, and by assessing the consequences of these current resolutions. This potential can be misused when the ethical issues in question are fundamentally non-consequentialist or when they are consequentialist but the empirical research fails to address the important consequences. An example of the former problem is some recent studies about bad consequences resulting from commercialized living kidney donor programs. These consequences could be avoided, (...)
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  50. Baruch A. Brody (2006). Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: The U.S. Internal Experience--Part II. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 16 (2):105-128.score: 30.0
    : Continuing the discussion begun in the March 2006 issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, this paper further documents the failure of the United States to adequately consider possible modifications in the traditional robust system of intellectual property rights as applied to biotechnology. It discusses concrete suggestions for alternative disclosure requirements, for exemptions for research tools, and for improved access to clinical advances. In each of these cases, the modifications might be more responsive to the full set of (...)
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