Search results for 'Stuart Nolan' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Stuart Nolan (2003). Box Clever: The Intelligence of Television. [REVIEW] AI and Society 17 (1):25-36.score: 240.0
    Television is a global, near-ubiquitous technology that has played a unique role in shaping modern society. It is a member of the family household that is regarded, both consciously and subconsciously, as a social actor, in a way that is remarkably similar to that of other members. Individuals, households and broad social groups form complex relationships with television but its underlying technologies have remained relatively simple until now. This paper looks at how new technologies will add intelligence to television and (...)
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  2. P. Martin Nolan (1985). Lettera del Rev.mo P. Priore Generale OSA, P. Martin Nolan. Augustinianum 25 (1/2):9-9.score: 180.0
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  3. Daniel Nolan (2013). Why Historians (and Everyone Else) Should Care About Counterfactuals. Philosophical Studies 163 (2):317-335.score: 60.0
    Abstract There are at least eight good reasons practicing historians should concern themselves with counterfactual claims. Furthermore, four of these reasons do not even require that we are able to tell which historical counterfactuals are true and which are false. This paper defends the claim that these reasons to be concerned with counterfactuals are good ones, and discusses how each can contribute to the practice of history. Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-19 DOI 10.1007/s11098-011-9817-z Authors Daniel Nolan, School of (...)
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  4. Susan Stuart (2009). Alvin I. Goldman, Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology and Neuroscience of Mindreading. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 19 (2):279-282.score: 60.0
    Alvin I. Goldman, Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology and Neuroscience of Mindreading Content Type Journal Article Pages 279-282 DOI 10.1007/s11023-009-9142-x Authors Susan Stuart, University of Glasgow Humanities Advanced Technology and Information Institute 11 University Gardens Glasgow G12 8QQ Scotland, UK Journal Minds and Machines Online ISSN 1572-8641 Print ISSN 0924-6495 Journal Volume Volume 19 Journal Issue Volume 19, Number 2.
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  5. Diana Stuart & Michelle Woroosz (2013). Erratum To: The Myth of Efficiency: Technology and Ethics in Industrial Food Production. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):257-257.score: 60.0
    Abstract In this paper, we explore how the application of technological tools has reshaped food production systems in ways that foster large-scale outbreaks of foodborne illness. Outbreaks of foodborne illness have received increasing attention in recent years, resulting in a growing awareness of the negative impacts associated with industrial food production. These trends indicate a need to examine systemic causes of outbreaks and how they are being addressed. In this paper, we analyze outbreaks linked to ground beef and salad greens. (...)
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  6. Caroline West & Daniel Nolan (2004). Liberalism and Mental Mediation. Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (2):186-202.score: 60.0
    Departments of Philosophy, University of St Andrews, Edgecliffe, The Scores, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, KY16 9AL, UK e-mail: Daniel.Nolan@st-andrews.ac.uk..
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  7. S. N. Stuart (2012). Outstanding Humanist Achiever 2012. Australian Humanist, The 107 (107):8.score: 60.0
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  8. Daniel Nolan & Caroline West (2004). Liberalism and Mental Mediation. Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (2):532-538.score: 60.0
    Departments of Philosophy, University of St Andrews, Edgecliffe, The Scores, St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, KY16 9AL, UK e-mail: Daniel.Nolan@st-andrews.ac.uk..
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  9. S. N. Stuart (2012). Freethinkers in ADB. Australian Humanist, The 107 (107):23.score: 60.0
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  10. Jennie Stuart (2012). Hands Off Not an Option! [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The (105):17.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Jennie Review(s) of: Hands off not an option! The reminiscence museum mirror of a humanistic care philosophy, by Professor Dr Hans Marcel Becker assisted by Inez van den Dobbelsteen- Becker and Topsy Ros. Eburon Academic Publishers, Delft, 2011 272 pp.
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  11. Jennie Stuart (2013). Norman Haire and the Study of Sex [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 111 (111):24.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Jennie Review(s) of: Norman Haire and the study of sex, by Diana Wyndham, Sydney University Press, 2012, (485pp., with index ISBN: 9781743320068).
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  12. Ann M. C. Nolan (2012). Vatican II: Changing the Style of Being Church. Australasian Catholic Record, The 89 (4):397.score: 60.0
    Nolan, Ann MC In the past fifty years there has been a stream of commentary on the documents of Vatican II. Have we not had so much commentary, so much interpretation, that further commentary is unnecessary? Fifty years on, one might ponder how to interpret the sixteen documents for the church of our times, indeed to wonder whether they continue to have any relevance at all. Faced with this thought, we could turn to one scholar whose works span almost (...)
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  13. Matthew Stuart (2013). Locke's Metaphysics. Oup Oxford.score: 60.0
    Matthew Stuart offers a fresh interpretation of John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, arguing for the work's profound contribution to metaphysics. He presents new readings of Locke's accounts of personal identity and the primary/secondary quality distinction, and explores Locke's case against materialism and his philosophy of action.
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  14. Stephen Stuart (2013). On Being Certain: Believing You Are Right Even When You're Not [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 111 (111):22.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Stephen Review(s) of: On being certain: Believing you are right even when you're not, by Robert A. Burton, St Martin's Griffin, New York, 2008, (xiv + 256 pp., index, pbk, ISBN 978-0-312-54152-1).
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  15. Stephen Stuart (2012). The Gleaming Toe of David Hume. Australian Humanist, The 107 (107):14.score: 60.0
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  16. Stephen Stuart (2013). Free Will [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 110 (110):22.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Stephen Review(s) of: Free will, by Sam Harris, Free Press, New York, 2012, (83 pp., index, ISBN 978-1-4516-8340-0).
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  17. Stephen Stuart (2013). Wicked Company: Freethinkers and Friendship in Pre-Revolutionary Paris [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 111 (111):23.score: 60.0
    Stuart, Stephen Review(s) of: Wicked company: Freethinkers and friendship in pre-revolutionary Paris, by Philipp Blom, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 2011, (xxii + 361 pp., index, ISBN 978-0-297-85818-8).
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  18. Sn Stuart (2013). Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction [Book Review]. Australian Humanist, The 112:23.score: 60.0
    Stuart, SN Review(s) of: Agnosticism: A very short introduction, by Robin Le Poidevin Oxford University Press, 2010, (xvi + 134 pp., index, pbk, ISBN 978-0-19-957526-8).
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  19. Daniel Nolan, Greg Restall & Caroline West (2005). Moral Fictionalism Versus the Rest. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (3):307 – 330.score: 30.0
    In this paper we introduce a distinct metaethical position, fictionalism about morality. We clarify and defend the position, showing that it is a way to save the 'moral phenomena' while agreeing that there is no genuine objective prescriptivity to be described by moral terms. In particular, we distinguish moral fictionalism from moral quasi-realism, and we show that fictionalism possesses the virtues of quasi-realism about morality, but avoids its vices.
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  20. Daniel Nolan (1996). Recombination Unbound. Philosophical Studies 84 (2-3):239 - 262.score: 30.0
    This paper discusses the principle of recombination for possible worlds. It argues that arguments against unrestricted recombination offered by Forrest and Armstrong and by David Lewis fail, but a related argument is a challenge, and recommends that we accept an unrestricted principle of recombination and the conclusion that possible worlds form a proper class.
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  21. Daniel Nolan (2008). Truthmakers and Predication. Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 4:171-192.score: 30.0
    To what extent do true predications correspond to truthmakers in virtue of which those predications are true? One sort of predicate which is often thought to not be susceptible to an ontological treatment is a predicate for instantiation, or some corresponding predication (trope-similarity or set-membership, for example). This paper discusses this question, and argues that an "ontological" approach is possible here too: where this ontological approach goes beyond merely finding a truthmaker for claims about instantiation. Along the way a version (...)
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  22. Daniel Nolan (2003). Defending a Possible-Worlds Account of Indicative Conditionals. Philosophical Studies 116 (3):215-269.score: 30.0
    One very popular kind of semantics for subjunctive conditionals is aclosest-worlds account along the lines of theories given by David Lewisand Robert Stalnaker. If we could give the same sort of semantics forindicative conditionals, we would have a more unified account of themeaning of ``if ... then ...'' statements, one with manyadvantages for explaining the behaviour of conditional sentences. Such atreatment of indicative conditionals, however, has faced a battery ofobjections. This paper outlines a closest-worlds account of indicativeconditionals that does better (...)
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  23. Daniel Nolan, Is Stalnaker Inconsistent About Indicative Conditionals?score: 30.0
    Robert Stalnaker’s formal semantics for his indicative conditional (which his 1975 paper takes over from his 1968 paper and Stalnaker and Thomason 1968) validate modus ponens, as one might expect. But they do so at the cost of a tension between his philosophical remarks in his 1975 paper and his formal constraints. Stalnaker commits himself to the following: he defines a “context set” as “the possible worlds not ruled out by the presupposed background information” (Stalnaker 1975 p 142). He later (...)
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  24. Daniel Nolan, Hale's Dilemma.score: 30.0
    Bob Hale in Hale 1995b posed a dilemma for modal fictionalism (more specifically, Rosen's version of modal fictionalism). A modal fictionalist who maintains the version outlined in Rosen 1990 believes that the fiction of possible worlds (PW, to use Rosen and Hale's abbreviation) is not literally true. The question arises, however, about its modal status. Is it necessarily false, or contingently false? In either case, Hale argues, the modal fictionalist is in trouble. Should the modal fictionalist claim that the story (...)
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  25. Matthew Stuart (2003). Locke's Colors. Philosophical Review 112 (1):57-96.score: 30.0
  26. Daniel Nolan (1997). Quantitative Parsimony. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (3):329-343.score: 30.0
    In this paper, I motivate the view that quantitative parsimony is a theoretical virtue: that is, we should be concerned not only to minimize the number of kinds of entities postulated by our theories (i. e. maximize qualitative parsimony), but we should also minimize the number of entities postulated which fall under those kinds. In order to motivate this view, I consider two cases from the history of science: the postulation of the neutrino and the proposal of Avogadro's hypothesis. I (...)
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  27. Daniel Nolan (2009). Consequentialism and Side Constraints. Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (1):5-22.score: 30.0
    Many people are inclined to think that consequences of actions, or perhaps reasonably expected consequences of those actions, have moral weight. Firing off shotguns in crowded areas is typically wrong, at least in part, because of the people who get maimed and killed. Committed consequentialists think that consequences (either actual consequences, or expected consequences, or intended consequences, or reasonably expected consequences, or maybe some other different shade) are all that matters, morally speaking. Lying and stealing are wrong, when they are (...)
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  28. C. S. Jenkins & Daniel Nolan (2008). Backwards Explanation. Philosophical Studies 140 (1):103 - 115.score: 30.0
    We discuss explanation of an earlier event by a later event, and argue that prima facie cases of backwards event explanation are ubiquitous. Some examples: (1) I am tidying my flat because my brother is coming to visit tomorrow. (2) The scarlet pimpernels are closing because it is about to rain. (3) The volcano is smoking because it is going to erupt soon. We then look at various ways people might attempt to explain away these prima facie cases by arguing (...)
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  29. Daniel Nolan (2007). Contemporary Metaphysicians and Their Traditions. Philosophical Topics 35 (1-2):1-18.score: 30.0
    When invited to consider the methodology of contemporary metaphysics, quite a number of procedures spring to mind as part of the metaphysician's toolkit. These include: eliciting and relying on intuitions; solving location problems and using “conceptual analysis”; inference to the best theory, both on internal metaphysical grounds and drawing from the theoretical reaches of the sciences; working on topics clearly close to, or even overlapping, those of other areas of inquiry using techniques of those other areas; achieving coherence with other (...)
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  30. Lawrence Nolan (1997). The Ontological Status of Cartesian Natures. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 78 (2):169–194.score: 30.0
    In the Fifth Meditation, Descartes makes a remarkable claim about the ontological status of geometrical figures. He asserts that an object such as a triangle has a 'true and immutable nature' that does not depend on the mind, yet has being even if there are no triangles existing in the world. This statement has led many commentators to assume that Descartes is a Platonist regarding essences and in the philosophy of mathematics. One problem with this seemingly natural reading is that (...)
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  31. Daniel Nolan (2007). A Consistent Reading of "Sylvan's Box". Philosophical Quarterly 57 (229):667 - 673.score: 30.0
    I argue that Graham Priest's story 'Sylvan's Box' has an attractive consistent reading. Priest's hope that this story can be used as an example of a non-trivial 'essentially inconsistent' story is thus threatened. I then make some observations about the role 'Sylvan's Box' might play in a theory of unreliable narrators.
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  32. Chris Dobbyn & Susan A. J. Stuart (2003). The Self as an Embedded Agent. Minds and Machines 13 (2):187-201.score: 30.0
    In this paper we consider the concept of a self-aware agent. In cognitive science agents are seen as embodied and interactively situated in worlds. We analyse the meanings attached to these terms in cognitive science and robotics, proposing a set of conditions for situatedness and embodiment, and examine the claim that internal representational schemas are largely unnecessary for intelligent behaviour in animats. We maintain that current situated and embodied animats cannot be ascribed even minimal self-awareness, and offer a six point (...)
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  33. Lawrence Nolan (1998). Descartes' Theory of Universals. Philosophical Studies 89 (2-3):161-180.score: 30.0
  34. Daniel Nolan, The Varieties of Flirtatious Experience.score: 30.0
    In Jenkins’s groundbreaking analysis of flirtation (Jenkins 2006), she suggests that an act is an act of flirtation if, and only if, the following two conditions are satisfied: “First, the flirter should act with the intention to raise flirter/flirtee romance and/or sex to salience, in a knowing yet playful way. Second, he or she should believe that the flirtee can respond is in some significant way”. Jenkins also draws the useful distinction between flirtation proper and “flirtatious behaviour”: there is behaviour (...)
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  35. Daniel Nolan, Individuals Enough for Classes.score: 30.0
    This paper builds on the system of David Lewis’s “Parts of Classes” to provide a foundation for mathematics that arguably requires not only no distinctively mathematical ideological commitments (in the sense of Quine), but also no distinctively mathematical ontological commitments. Provided only that there are enough individual atoms, the devices of plural quantification and mereology can be employed to simulate quantification over classes, while at the same time allowing all of the atoms (and most of their fusions with which we (...)
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  36. Daniel Nolan (1997). Three Problems for “Strong” Modal Fictionalism. Philosophical Studies 87 (3):259-275.score: 30.0
  37. Daniel Nolan (2006). Selfless Desires. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (3):665–679.score: 30.0
    final version in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 2006 73.3: 665-679.
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  38. Daniel Nolan & John O'Leary-Hawthorne (1996). Reflexive Fictionalisms. Analysis 56 (1):23–32.score: 30.0
  39. Lawrence Nolan & John Whipple (2005). Self-Knowledge in Descartes and Malebranche. Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (1):55-81.score: 30.0
  40. Daniel Nolan (2008). Properties and Paradox in Graham Priest's "Towards Non-Being". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1):191 - 198.score: 30.0
    forthcoming in Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
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  41. Lawrence Nolan (1997). Reductionism and Nominalism in Descartes's Theory of Attributes. Topoi 16 (2):129-140.score: 30.0
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  42. Susan A. J. Stuart (2003). A Metaphysical Approach to the Mind. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (3):223-37.score: 30.0
    It is argued that, based on Kant's descriptive metaphysics, one can prescribe the necessary metaphysical underpinnings for the possibility of conscious experience in an artificial system. This project is developed by giving an account of the a priori concepts of the understanding in such a system. A specification and implementation of the nomological conditions for a conscious system allows one to know a priori that any system possessing this structure will be conscious; thus enabling us to avoid possible false-indicators of (...)
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  43. Susan A. J. Stuart (2007). Machine Consciousness: Cognitive and Kinaesthetic Imagination. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (7):141-153.score: 30.0
    Machine consciousness exists already in organic systems and it is only a matter of time -- and some agreement -- before it will be realised in reverse-engineered organic systems and forward- engineered inorganic systems. The agreement must be over the preconditions that must first be met if the enterprise is to be successful, and it is these preconditions, for instance, being a socially-embedded, structurally-coupled and dynamic, goal-directed entity that organises its perceptual input and enacts its world through the application of (...)
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  44. Daniel Nolan (1999). Is Fertility Virtuous in its Own Right? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (2):265-282.score: 30.0
    the virtues which are desirable for scientific theories to possess. In this paper I discuss the several species of theoretical virtues called 'fertility', and argue in each case that the desirability of 'fertility' can be explicated in terms of other, more fundamental theoretical virtues.
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  45. Daniel Nolan (1999). Michael Tooley, Time, Tense and Causation. Erkenntnis 50 (1):137-144.score: 30.0
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  46. Susan A. J. Stuart (2002). A Radical Notion of Embeddedness: A Logically Necessary Precondition for Agency and Self-Awareness. Metaphilosophy 33 (1-2):98-109.score: 30.0
    The aim of this paper is to establish the logically necessary preconditions for the existence of self-awareness in an artificial or a natural agent. We examine the terms, agent, situated, embodied, embedded, and representation, as employed ubiquitously in cognitive science, attempting to clarify their meaning and the limits of their use. We discuss the minimal conditions for an agent’s environment constituting a ‘world’ and reject most, though not all, types of virtual world. We argue that to qualify as genuinely situated (...)
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  47. Susan A. J. Stuart (2007). Michael Tye, Consciousness and Persons; Unity and Identity. Minds and Machines 17 (3):365-367.score: 30.0
    The crux of this book is expressed in one short sentence from the Preface: 'Unity is a fundamental part of our experience, something that is crucial to its phenomenology' [p.xii], and the crux of this sentence is that the unity of consciousness is not a matter of phenomenal relations existing between distinct experiences – the received view [p.17], but the existence of relations between the contents of experiences – the one experience view [p.25ff]. In its simplest form Tye's claim is (...)
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  48. Daniel Nolan, Comments on John Divers's “on the Significance of the Question of the Function of Modal Judgment”.score: 30.0
    The question of the function of modal judgement is an interesting philosophical issue, and John Divers's paper (this volume) has persuaded me that it has not received the attention it deserves. I think it is an important and interesting question even apart from any more ambitious claims that are made about its role in settling other issues about modality. Even if we became convinced that the story about function put no constraints whatsoever, epistemologically or metaphysically, on a theory of modality, (...)
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  49. Ishani Maitra & Daniel Nolan, Why Take Our Word for It?score: 30.0
    We find out a lot about the world through people telling us things. And we can (and do) come to know many of these things that people tell us, without running background checks to make sure that the tellers are reliable (in the sense that they are likely to know what they are talking about), or trustworthy (in the sense that they are likely to tell us what they know, rather than just whatever is easiest to say, or whatever would (...)
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  50. Roderick M. Chisholm, John Corcoran, Jorge Gracia, L. S. Carrier, T. N. Pelegrinis, Alfred L. Ivry, D. S. Clarke, Leo Rauch, Robert Young, Michael J. Loux, Rita Nolan, Gerald Vision, E. D. Klemke, Ruth Anna Putnam, Edward S. Reed, Maurice Mandelbaum, John Wettersten & Rachel Shihor (1983). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 13 (1-2):359-362.score: 30.0
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