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Profile: Stuart Rennie (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)
  1.  19
    Stuart Rennie (2011). Viewing Research Participation as a Moral Obligation: In Whose Interests? Hastings Center Report 41 (2):40.
    Over the past few years, a growing number of people have called for reconceptualizing participation in health research as a moral obligation. John Harris argues that seriously debilitating diseases give rise to important needs, and since medical research is necessary to relieve those needs in many circumstances, people are morally obligated to act as research subjects.1 Rosamond Rhodes claims that research participation is a moral obligation for reasons of justice, beneficence, and self-development: because we all benefit significantly from modern medicine, (...)
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  2.  11
    Stuart Rennie & Bavon Mupenda (2008). Living Apart Together: Reflections on Bioethics, Global Inequality and Social Justice. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3 (1):25-.
    Significant inequalities in health between and within countries have been measured over the past decades. Although these inequalities, as well as attempts to improve sub-standard health, raise profound issues of social justice and the right to health, those working in the field of bioethics have historically tended to devote greater attention to ethical issues raised by new, cutting-edge biotechnologies such as life-support cessation, genomics, stem cell research or face transplantation. This suggests that bioethics research and scholarship may revolve around issues (...)
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  3.  26
    Tomi Tshikala, Bavon Mupenda, Pierre Dimany, Aime Malonga, Vicki Ilunga & Stuart Rennie (2012). Engaging with Research Ethics in Central Francophone Africa: Reflections on a Workshop About Ancillary Care. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):1-7.
    Research ethics is predominantly taught and practiced in Anglophone countries, particularly those in North America and Western Europe. Initiatives to build research ethics capacity in developing countries must attempt to avoid imposing foreign frameworks and engage with ethical issues in research that are locally relevant. This article describes the process and outcomes of a capacity-building workshop that took place in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo in the summer of 2011. Although the workshop focused on a specific ethical theme – the (...)
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  4.  38
    Jacquineau Azétsop & Stuart Rennie (2010). Principlism, Medical Individualism, and Health Promotion in Resource-Poor Countries: Can Autonomy-Based Bioethics Promote Social Justice and Population Health? [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):1.
    Through its adoption of the biomedical model of disease which promotes medical individualism and its reliance on the individual-based anthropology, mainstream bioethics has predominantly focused on respect for autonomy in the clinical setting and respect for person in the research site, emphasizing self-determination and freedom of choice. However, the emphasis on the individual has often led to moral vacuum, exaggeration of human agency, and a thin (liberal?) conception of justice. Applied to resource-poor countries and communities within developed countries, autonomy-based bioethics (...)
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  5.  3
    Stuart Rennie & Jeremy Sugarman (2010). Developing Ethics Guidance for HIV Prevention Research: The HIV Prevention Trials Network Approach. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (12):810-815.
    More than 25 years into the HIV epidemic, in excess of 2 million new infections continue to occur each year. HIV prevention research is crucial for groups at heightened risk for HIV, but the design and conduct of HIV prevention research with vulnerable populations worldwide raises considerable ethical challenges. The HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) is a global collaborative network that conducts clinical and behavioural studies on non-vaccine interventions to reduce the transmission of HIV. In 2003, the HPTN developed ethical (...)
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  6.  6
    Christopher Bennett, Alex Finch & Stuart Rennie (2016). White Lies: Bending the Truth to Stay Faithful to Patients. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (9):15-17.
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  7.  1
    Stuart Rennie (2014). Tinkering With the Health of the Poor. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):43-44.
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  8.  11
    Stuart Rennie & Frieda Behets (2006). AIDS Care and Treatment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implementation Ethics. Hastings Center Report 36 (3):23-31.
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  9.  2
    Stuart Rennie & Til Sturmer (2009). Strengthening Howick's Argument Against The Alleged Superiority of Placebo-Controlled Trials. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):62-64.
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  10.  3
    Stuart Rennie (2009). The FDA and Helsinki. Hastings Center Report 39 (3):3-3.
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  11.  1
    Stuart Rennie & Lawrence Rosenfeld (2009). Deflating Rhetoric About “Ethical Inflation”. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):58-60.
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  12.  2
    Stuart Rennie (2006). Is It Ethical to Study What Ought Not to Happen? Developing World Bioethics 6 (2):71–77.
    ABSTRACTIn the Democratic Republic of Congo, only an estimated 2% of all AIDS patients have access to treatment. As AIDS treatment access is scaled‐up in the coming years, difficult rationing decisions will have to be made concerning who will come to gain access to this scarce medical resource. This article focuses on the position, expressed by representatives of Médecins sans Frontières , that the practice of AIDS treatment access rationing is fundamentally unethical because it conflicts with the ideal of universal (...)
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  13.  11
    Stuart Rennie & Bavon Mupenda (2008). Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:25.
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  14.  2
    Stuart Rennie & R. Rorty (1998). Elegant Variations: Remarks on Rorty's' Liberal Utopia'. South African Journal of Philosophy 17 (4):313-345.
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  15.  27
    Stuart Rennie (2007). Do the Ravages of the Hiv/Aids Epidemic Ethically Justify Mandatory Hiv Testing? Developing World Bioethics 7 (1):48–49.
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  16.  12
    Stuart Rennie (2013). Ethical Use of Antiretroviral Resources for HIV Prevention in Resource Poor Settings. Developing World Bioethics 13 (2):79-86.
    The effectiveness of antiretroviral regimes (ARVs) to reduce risk of HIV transmission from mother to child and as post-exposure prophylaxis has been known for almost two decades. Recent research indicates ARVs can also reduce the risk of HIV transmission via sexual intercourse in two other ways. With pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), ARVs are used to reduce risk of HIV acquisition among persons who are HIV negative and significantly exposed to the virus. With treatment as prevention (TasP), ARVs are used to reduce (...)
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  17.  5
    Stuart Rennie, Mark Siedner, Joseph D. Tucker & Keymanthri Moodley (2015). The Ethics of Talking About ‘HIV Cure’. BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):18.
    In 2008, researchers reported that Timothy Brown , a man with HIV infection and leukemia, received a stem-cell transplant that removed HIV from his body as far as can be detected. In 2013, an infant born with HIV infection received anti-retroviral treatment shortly after birth, but was then lost to the health care system for the next six months. When tested for HIV upon return, the child had no detectable viral load despite cessation of treatment. These remarkable clinical developments have (...)
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  18.  22
    Stuart Rennie & Bavon Mupenda (2008). Ethics of Mandatory Premarital Hiv Testing in Africa: The Case of Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo. Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):126-137.
    Despite decades of prevention efforts, millions of persons worldwide continue to become infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) every year. This urgent problem of global epidemic control has recently lead to significant changes in HIV testing policies. Provider-initiated approaches to HIV testing have been embraced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization, such as those that routinely inform persons that they will be tested for HIV unless they explicitly refuse ('opt out'). While these (...)
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  19.  19
    Stuart Rennie (2010). When Experiments Travel: Clinical Trials and the Global Search for Human Subjects – By Adriana Petryna. Developing World Bioethics 10 (2):114-115.
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  20.  1
    Stuart Rennie (2012). Medical Scholarships and the Social Determinants of Health. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (5):38-39.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 5, Page 38-39, May 2012.
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  21.  4
    Stuart Rennie (2009). Review of Health for Sale, By Mannut Film. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):83-84.
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  22.  1
    Stuart Rennie (2010). Regarding Research Participation as a Moral Obligation: Who Shoulders the Burdens and Who Reaps the Benefits? Asian Bioethics Review 2 (4):308-321.
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  23.  1
    Stuart Rennie (2011). In Whose Interests? Hastings Center Report 41 (2):40-47.
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  24. Jing-Bao Nie, Adam Gilbertson, Malcolm de Roubaix, Ciara Staunton, Anton van Niekerk, Joseph D. Tucker & Stuart Rennie (2016). Healing Without Waging War: Beyond Military Metaphors in Medicine and HIV Cure Research. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):3-11.
    Military metaphors are pervasive in biomedicine, including HIV research. Rooted in the mind set that regards pathogens as enemies to be defeated, terms such as “shock and kill” have become widely accepted idioms within HIV cure research. Such language and symbolism must be critically examined as they may be especially problematic when used to express scientific ideas within emerging health-related fields. In this article, philosophical analysis and an interdisciplinary literature review utilizing key texts from sociology, anthropology, history, and Chinese and (...)
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  25. Jing-Bao Nie, Stuart Rennie, Adam Gilbertson & Joseph D. Tucker (2016). No More Militaristic and Violent Language in Medicine: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Healing Without Waging War: Beyond Military Metaphors in Medicine and HIV Cure Research”. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):9-11.
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  26. Stuart Rennie (forthcoming). Perspective: The FDA and Helsinki. Hastings Center Report.
     
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  27. Stuart Rennie & Bavon Mupenda (2011). The Ethics of Globalizing Bioethics. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 2 (2):147-156.
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  28. Stuart Rennie (2016). The Infrastructure Effect: Scientific Conjecture or Wishful Thinking? American Journal of Bioethics 16 (6):12-13.
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