Search results for 'Subliminal' (try it on Scholar)

210 found
Sort by:
  1. Thomas Zoega Ramsøy & Morten Overgaard (2004). Introspection and Subliminal Perception. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):1-23.score: 18.0
    Subliminal perception (SP) is today considered a well-supported theory stating that perception can occur without conscious awareness and have a significant impact on later behaviour and thought. In this article, we first present and discuss different approaches to the study of SP. In doing this, we claim that most approaches are based on a dichotomic measure of awareness. Drawing upon recent advances and discussions in the study of introspection and phenomenological psychology, we argue for both the possibility and necessity (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Ariane Bazan Howard Shevrin, Michael Snodgrass, Linda A. W. Brakel, Ramesh Kushwaha, Natalia L. Kalaida (2013). Subliminal Unconscious Conflict Alpha Power Inhibits Supraliminal Conscious Symptom Experience. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 18.0
    Our approach is based on a tri-partite method of integrating psychodynamic hypotheses, cognitive subliminal processes, and psychophysiological alpha power measures. We present ten social phobic subjects with three individually selected groups of words representing unconscious conflict, conscious symptom experience, and Osgood Semantic negative valence words used as a control word group. The unconscious conflict and conscious symptom words, presented subliminally and supraliminally, act as primes preceding the conscious symptom and control words presented as supraliminal targets. With alpha power as (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Stanislas Dehaene, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Lionel Naccache, Jérôme Sackur & Claire Sergent (2006). Conscious, Preconscious, and Subliminal Processing: A Testable Taxonomy. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):204-211.score: 15.0
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Matthew H. Erdelyi (2004). Subliminal Perception and its Cognates: Theory, Indeterminacy, and Time. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):73-91.score: 15.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. John F. Kihlstrom (2004). Availability, Accessibility, and Subliminal Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):92-100.score: 15.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Sid Kouider & Emmanuel Dupoux (2004). Partial Awareness Creates the "Illusion" of Subliminal Semantic Priming. Psychological Science 15 (2):75-81.score: 15.0
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Antoine Del Cul, Stanislas Dehaene & Marion Leboyer (2006). Preserved Subliminal Processing and Impaired Conscious Access in Schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 63 (12):1313-1323.score: 15.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Ap Dijksterhuis, Henk Aarts & Pamela K. Smith (2005). The Power of the Subliminal: On Subliminal Persuasion and Other Potential Applications. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford University Press. 77-106.score: 15.0
  9. Ravi K. Kurup & Parameswara A. Kurup (2003). A Hypothalamic Digoxin-Mediated Model for Conscious and Subliminal Perception. International Journal of Neuroscience 113 (6):815-820.score: 15.0
  10. Tristan A. Bekinschtein, Moos Peeters, Diego Shalom & Mariano Sigman (2011). Sea Slugs, Subliminal Pictures, and Vegetative State Patients: Boundaries of Consciousness in Classical Conditioning. Frontiers in Psychology 2:337-337.score: 15.0
    Classical (trace) conditioning is a specific variant of associative learning in which a neutral stimulus leads to the subsequent prediction of an emotionally charged or noxious stimulus after a temporal gap. When conditioning is concurrent with a distraction task, only participants who can report the relationship (the contingency) between stimuli explicitly show associative learning. This suggests that consciousness is a prerequisite for trace conditioning. We review and question three main controversies concerning this view. Firstly, virtually all animals, even invertebrate sea (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. H. E. King, C. Landis & J. Zubin (1944). Visual Subliminal Perception Where a Figure is Obscured by the Illumination of the Ground. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (1):60.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Alan J. Pegna, Alexandra Darque, Claire Berrut & Asaid Khateb (2011). Early ERP Modulation for Task-Irrelevant Subliminal Faces. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 15.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Laurence J. Severance & Frederick N. Dyer (1973). Failure of Subliminal Word Presentations to Generate Interference to Color Naming. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):186.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. L. E. Baker (1937). The Influence of Subliminal Stimuli Upon Verbal Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (1):84.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Michela Balconi & Claudio Lucchiari (2007). Consciousness and Emotional Facial Expression Recognition: Subliminal/Supraliminal Stimulation Effect on N200 and P300 ERPs. [REVIEW] Journal of Psychophysiology 21 (2):100-108.score: 15.0
  16. William Bevan & Joan Faye Pritchard (1963). Effect of "Subliminal" Tones Upon the Judgment of Loudness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (1):23.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. H. Cason & N. Katcher (1933). An Attempt to Condition Breathing and Eyelid Responses to a Subliminal Electric Stimulus. Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (6):831.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. J. W. Coyne, H. E. King, J. Zubin & C. Landis (1943). Accuracy of Recognition of Subliminal Auditory Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (6):508.score: 15.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Keren Maoz, Rany Abend, Nathan A. Fox, Daniel S. Pine & Yair Bar-Haim (2013). Subliminal Attention Bias Modification Training in Socially Anxious Individuals. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 15.0
  20. Juan P. Núñez & Francisco de Vicente (2004). Unconscious Learning. Conditioning to Subliminal Visual Stimuli. Spanish Journal of Psychology 7 (1):13-28.score: 15.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. A. Silverman & L. E. Baker (1935). An Attempt to Condition Various Responses to Subliminal Electrical Stimulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (2):246.score: 15.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Jean-Pierre Changeux, Stanislas Dehaene, Lionel Naccache, Jérôme Sackura & Claire Sergenta (2006). Conscious, Preconscious, and Subliminal Processing: A Testable Taxonomy. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):204-211.score: 12.0
    Amidst the many brain events evoked by a visual stimulus, which are specifically associated with conscious perception, and which merely reflect non-conscious processing? Several recent neuroimaging studies have contrasted conscious and non-conscious visual processing, but their results appear inconsistent. Some support a correlation of conscious perception with early occipital events, others with late parieto-frontal activity. Here we attempt to make sense of those dissenting results. On the basis of a minimal neuro-computational model, the global neuronal workspace hypothesis, we propose a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. G. Backhaus (2001). Tymieniecka’s Phenomenology of Life: The “Imaginatio Creatrix,” Subliminal Passions, and the Moral Sense. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (1):103-134.score: 12.0
    Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka expands the phenomenological study of meanings (sense-bestowal) into an onto-genetic inquiry by grounding it in a phenomenology of life, including the emotional dimension. This phenomenology of life is informed by the empirical sciences and its doctrines parallel the new scientific paradigm of open dynamic systems. Embedded in the dynamics of the real individuation of life forms, human consciousness emerges at a unique station in the evolutionary process. Tymieniecka treats the constitution of sense as a function of life, and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. J. E. Gratz (1984). The Ethics of Subliminal Communication. Journal of Business Ethics 3 (3):181 - 184.score: 12.0
    Assume that we communicate for the purpose of trying to change a person's behavior either overtly or covertly. As long as this is done in an honest manner, no concern with ethics is involved. But suppose a communication pattern — subliminals — is developed that covertly tries to change our behavior without our consent. Then, concern with ethics is involved.Very little evidence exists to support a definitive quantitative impact of subliminal communication. There is a suggestion, however, that subliminals (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Tao Jiang (2005). Accessibility of the Subliminal Mind: Transcendence Vs. Immanence. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 38 (3-4):143-164.score: 12.0
    It has long been taken for granted in modern psychology that access to the unconscious is indirectly gained through the interpretation of a trained psychoanalyst, evident in theories of Freud, Jung and others. However, my essay problematizes this very indirectness of access by bringing in a Yogācāra Buddhist formulation of the subliminal mind that offers a direct access. By probing into the philosophical significance of the subliminal mind along the bias of its access, I will argue that the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Robert F. Bornstein (2002). Consciousness Organizes More Than Itself: Findings From Subliminal Mere Exposure Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):332-333.score: 12.0
    Contrary to Perruchet & Vinter's self-organizing consciousness (SOC) model, subliminal mere exposure (SME) research indicates that stimuli perceived without awareness produce robust effects. Moreover, SME effects are significantly stronger than mere exposure effects produced by clearly recognized stimuli. The SOC model must be revised to accommodate findings from studies that use affect-based outcome measures.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Christopher French (2009). From the Subliminal to the Ridiculous. The Philosophers' Magazine 45 (45):87-91.score: 12.0
    Virtually all experimental psychologists now accept that our behaviour can be affected by stimuli of which we have no conscious awareness. Such effects are typically not very dramatic even though they are reasonably reliable. However, such results do not on the surface appear to offer much support to claims of profound and lasting behavioural changes brought about by subliminal advertising or subliminal self-help tapes.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Ulrich Ansorge, Shah Khalid & Peter König (2013). Space-Valence Priming with Subliminal and Supraliminal Words. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 12.0
    To date it is unclear whether (1) awareness-independent non-evaluative semantic processes influence affective semantics and whether (2) awareness-independent affective semantics influence non-evaluative semantic processing. In the current study, we investigated these questions with the help of subliminal (masked) primes and visible targets in a space-valence across-category congruence effect. In line with (1), we found that subliminal space prime words influenced valence classification of supraliminal target words (Experiment 1): Classifications were faster with a congruent prime (e.g., the prime ‘up’ (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Markus Kiefer Sarah C. Adams (2012). Testing the Attentional Boundary Conditions of Subliminal Semantic Priming: The Influence of Semantic and Phonological Task Sets. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 12.0
    Recent studies challenged the classical notion of automaticity and indicated that even unconscious automatic semantic processing is under attentional control to some extent. In line with our attentional sensitization model, these data suggest that a sensitization of semantic pathways by a semantic task set is necessary for subliminal semantic priming to occur while non-semantic task sets attenuate priming. In the present study, we tested whether masked semantic priming is also reduced by phonological task sets using the previously developed induction (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. J. A. Krosnick, A. L. Betz, L. J. Jussim & A. R. Lynn (1992). Subliminal Conditioning of Attitudes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 18:152-62.score: 9.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Simon van Rysewyk (2009). Comment On: Unconscious Affective Processing and Empathy: An Investigation of Subliminal Priming on the Detection of Painful Facial Expressions [Pain 2009; 1–2: 71–75]. PAIN 145:364-366.score: 9.0
  32. K. T. Theus (1994). Subliminal Advertising and the Psychology of Processing Unconscious Stimuli: A Review of Research. [REVIEW] Psychology and Marketing 11:271-290.score: 9.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Anthony G. Greenwald, E. Spangenberg, A. R. Pratkanis & J. Eskenazi (1991). Double Blind Tests of Subliminal Self-Help Audiotapes. Psychological Science.score: 9.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. S. Slipp (2000). Subliminal Stimulation Research and its Implications for Psychoanalytic Theory and Treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis 28:305-320.score: 9.0
  35. Anthony G. Greenwald, R. L. Abrams, Lionel Naccache & Stanislas Dehaene (2003). Long-Term Semantic Memory Versus Contextual Memory in Unconscious Number Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (2):235-247.score: 9.0
    Subjects classified visible 2-digit numbers as larger or smaller than 55. Target numbers were preceded by masked 2-digit primes that were either congruent (same relation to 55) or incongruent. Experiments 1 and 2 showed prime congruency effects for stimuli never included in the set of classified visible targets, indicating subliminal priming based on long-term semantic memory. Experiments 2 and 3 went further to demonstrate paradoxical unconscious priming effects resulting from task context. For example, after repeated practice classifying 73 as (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Peter D. Hershock (2008). Contexts and Dialogue: Yogācāra Buddhism and Modern Psychology on the Subliminal Mind – by Tao Jiang. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (2):371–375.score: 9.0
  37. Anthony G. Greenwald, M. R. Klinger & E. S. Schuh (1995). Activation by Marginally Perceptible ("Subliminal") Stimuli: Dissociation of Unconscious From Conscious Cognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 124 (1):22-42.score: 9.0
  38. J. Balay & Howard Shevrin (1988). The Subliminal Psychodynamic Activation Method: A Critical Review. American Psychologist 43:161-74.score: 9.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Morris N. Eagle (1959). The Effects of Subliminal Stimuli of Aggressive Content Upon Conscious Cognition. Journal of Personality 27:578-600.score: 9.0
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Craig Kunimoto, Jeff G. Miller & Harold Pashler (2001). Confidence and Accuracy of Near-Threshold Discrimination Responses. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (3):294-340.score: 9.0
    This article reports four subliminal perception experiments using the relationship between confidence and accuracy to assess awareness. Subjects discriminated among stimuli and indicated their confidence in each discrimination response. Subjects were classified as being aware of the stimuli if their confidence judgments predicted accuracy and as being unaware if they did not. In the first experiment, confidence predicted accuracy even at stimulus durations so brief that subjects claimed to be performing at chance. This finding indicates that subjects's claims that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Graham H. Bird (1973). Subliminal Perception. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73:217-232.score: 9.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Katharina Henke, Theodor Landis & Hans J. Markowitsch (1993). Subliminal Perception of Pictures in the Right Hemisphere. Consciousness and Cognition 2 (3):225-236.score: 9.0
  43. A. Heinzel, H. Hautzel, T. Poeppel, F. Boers, M. Beu & H. Mueller (2008). Neural Correlates of Subliminal and Supraliminal Letter Processing—An Event-Related fMRI Study. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):699-713.score: 9.0
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Barry Beyerstein & Eric Eich (1993). Subliminal Self-Help Tapes: Promises, Promises. Rational Enquirer 6 (1).score: 9.0
  45. Henning Gibbons (2009). Evaluative Priming From Subliminal Emotional Words: Insights From Event-Related Potentials and Individual Differences Related to Anxiety. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):383-400.score: 9.0
  46. Daniel Holender (1986). Semantic Activation Without Conscious Identification in Dichotic Listening, Parafoveal Vision, and Visual Masking: A Survey and Appraisal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):1-23.score: 9.0
    When the stored representation of the meaning of a stimulus is accessed through the processing of a sensory input it is maintained in an activated state for a certain amount of time that allows for further processing. This semantic activation is generally accompanied by conscious identification, which can be demonstrated by the ability of a person to perform discriminations on the basis of the meaning of the stimulus. The idea that a sensory input can give rise to semantic activation without (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Timothy E. Moore (1995). Subliminal Self-Help Auditory Tapes: An Empirical Test of Perceptual Consequences. Canadian Journal Of Behavioural Science 27 (1):9-20.score: 9.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. P. Bob (2008). Pain, Dissociation and Subliminal Self-Representations. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):355-369.score: 9.0
  49. Tiago V. Maia Guillermo Horga (2012). Conscious and Unconscious Processes in Cognitive Control: A Theoretical Perspective and a Novel Empirical Approach. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 9.0
    Controlled processing is often referred to as “voluntary” or “willful” and therefore assumed to depend entirely on conscious processes. Recent studies using subliminal-priming paradigms, however, have started to question this assumption. Specifically, these studies have shown that subliminally presented stimuli can induce adjustments in control. Such findings are not immediately reconcilable with the view that conscious and unconscious processes are separate, with each having its own neural substrates and modus operandi. We propose a different theoretical perspective that suggests that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. K. Schutz, I. SchendzIelarz, P. Zwitserlood & D. Vorberg (2007). Nice Wor If You Can Get the Wor: Subliminal Semantic and Form Priming in Fragment Completion. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):520-532.score: 9.0
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 210