Search results for 'Subliminal' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Thomas Zoega Ramsøy & Morten Overgaard (2004). Introspection and Subliminal Perception. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):1-23.score: 24.0
    Subliminal perception (SP) is today considered a well-supported theory stating that perception can occur without conscious awareness and have a significant impact on later behaviour and thought. In this article, we first present and discuss different approaches to the study of SP. In doing this, we claim that most approaches are based on a dichotomic measure of awareness. Drawing upon recent advances and discussions in the study of introspection and phenomenological psychology, we argue for both the possibility and necessity (...)
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  2. [deleted]Ariane Bazan Howard Shevrin, Michael Snodgrass, Linda A. W. Brakel, Ramesh Kushwaha, Natalia L. Kalaida (2013). Subliminal Unconscious Conflict Alpha Power Inhibits Supraliminal Conscious Symptom Experience. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 24.0
    Our approach is based on a tri-partite method of integrating psychodynamic hypotheses, cognitive subliminal processes, and psychophysiological alpha power measures. We present ten social phobic subjects with three individually selected groups of words representing unconscious conflict, conscious symptom experience, and Osgood Semantic negative valence words used as a control word group. The unconscious conflict and conscious symptom words, presented subliminally and supraliminally, act as primes preceding the conscious symptom and control words presented as supraliminal targets. With alpha power as (...)
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  3. Stanislas Dehaene, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Lionel Naccache, Jérôme Sackur & Claire Sergent (2006). Conscious, Preconscious, and Subliminal Processing: A Testable Taxonomy. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):204-211.score: 21.0
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  4. Matthew H. Erdelyi (2004). Subliminal Perception and its Cognates: Theory, Indeterminacy, and Time. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):73-91.score: 21.0
    Unconscious processes, by whatever name they may be known , are invariably operationalized by the dissociation paradigm, any situation involving the dissociation between two indicators , one of availability and the other, of accessibility , such that, ε>α. Subliminal perception has been traditionally defined by a special case of the dissociation paradigm in which availability exceeds accessibility when accessibility is null . Construct validity issues bedevil all dissociation paradigms since it is not clear what might constitute appropriate indicators that, (...)
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  5. John F. Kihlstrom (2004). Availability, Accessibility, and Subliminal Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):92-100.score: 21.0
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  6. Ap Dijksterhuis, Henk Aarts & Pamela K. Smith (2005). The Power of the Subliminal: On Subliminal Persuasion and Other Potential Applications. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford University Press. 77-106.score: 21.0
  7. Sid Kouider & Emmanuel Dupoux (2004). Partial Awareness Creates the "Illusion" of Subliminal Semantic Priming. Psychological Science 15 (2):75-81.score: 21.0
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  8. Antoine Del Cul, Stanislas Dehaene & Marion Leboyer (2006). Preserved Subliminal Processing and Impaired Conscious Access in Schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 63 (12):1313-1323.score: 21.0
  9. Ravi K. Kurup & Parameswara A. Kurup (2003). A Hypothalamic Digoxin-Mediated Model for Conscious and Subliminal Perception. International Journal of Neuroscience 113 (6):815-820.score: 21.0
  10. [deleted]Tristan A. Bekinschtein, Moos Peeters, Diego Shalom & Mariano Sigman (2011). Sea Slugs, Subliminal Pictures, and Vegetative State Patients: Boundaries of Consciousness in Classical Conditioning. Frontiers in Psychology 2:337-337.score: 21.0
    Classical (trace) conditioning is a specific variant of associative learning in which a neutral stimulus leads to the subsequent prediction of an emotionally charged or noxious stimulus after a temporal gap. When conditioning is concurrent with a distraction task, only participants who can report the relationship (the contingency) between stimuli explicitly show associative learning. This suggests that consciousness is a prerequisite for trace conditioning. We review and question three main controversies concerning this view. Firstly, virtually all animals, even invertebrate sea (...)
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  11. Laurence J. Severance & Frederick N. Dyer (1973). Failure of Subliminal Word Presentations to Generate Interference to Color Naming. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):186.score: 21.0
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  12. H. E. King, C. Landis & J. Zubin (1944). Visual Subliminal Perception Where a Figure is Obscured by the Illumination of the Ground. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (1):60.score: 21.0
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  13. L. E. Baker (1937). The Influence of Subliminal Stimuli Upon Verbal Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (1):84.score: 21.0
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  14. H. Cason & N. Katcher (1933). An Attempt to Condition Breathing and Eyelid Responses to a Subliminal Electric Stimulus. Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (6):831.score: 21.0
  15. [deleted]Keren Maoz, Rany Abend, Nathan A. Fox, Daniel S. Pine & Yair Bar-Haim (2013). Subliminal Attention Bias Modification Training in Socially Anxious Individuals. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 21.0
  16. [deleted]Alan J. Pegna, Alexandra Darque, Claire Berrut & Asaid Khateb (2011). Early ERP Modulation for Task-Irrelevant Subliminal Faces. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 21.0
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  17. Michela Balconi & Claudio Lucchiari (2007). Consciousness and Emotional Facial Expression Recognition: Subliminal/Supraliminal Stimulation Effect on N200 and P300 ERPs. [REVIEW] Journal of Psychophysiology 21 (2):100-108.score: 21.0
  18. William Bevan & Joan Faye Pritchard (1963). Effect of "Subliminal" Tones Upon the Judgment of Loudness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 66 (1):23.score: 21.0
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  19. J. W. Coyne, H. E. King, J. Zubin & C. Landis (1943). Accuracy of Recognition of Subliminal Auditory Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (6):508.score: 21.0
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  20. Juan P. Núñez & Francisco de Vicente (2004). Unconscious Learning. Conditioning to Subliminal Visual Stimuli. Spanish Journal of Psychology 7 (1):13-28.score: 21.0
     
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  21. A. Silverman & L. E. Baker (1935). An Attempt to Condition Various Responses to Subliminal Electrical Stimulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 18 (2):246.score: 21.0
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  22. Jean-Pierre Changeux, Stanislas Dehaene, Lionel Naccache, Jérôme Sackura & Claire Sergenta (2006). Conscious, Preconscious, and Subliminal Processing: A Testable Taxonomy. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):204-211.score: 18.0
    Amidst the many brain events evoked by a visual stimulus, which are specifically associated with conscious perception, and which merely reflect non-conscious processing? Several recent neuroimaging studies have contrasted conscious and non-conscious visual processing, but their results appear inconsistent. Some support a correlation of conscious perception with early occipital events, others with late parieto-frontal activity. Here we attempt to make sense of those dissenting results. On the basis of a minimal neuro-computational model, the global neuronal workspace hypothesis, we propose a (...)
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  23. G. Backhaus (2001). Tymieniecka’s Phenomenology of Life: The “Imaginatio Creatrix,” Subliminal Passions, and the Moral Sense. Consciousness and Emotion 2 (1):103-134.score: 18.0
    Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka expands the phenomenological study of meanings (sense-bestowal) into an onto-genetic inquiry by grounding it in a phenomenology of life, including the emotional dimension. This phenomenology of life is informed by the empirical sciences and its doctrines parallel the new scientific paradigm of open dynamic systems. Embedded in the dynamics of the real individuation of life forms, human consciousness emerges at a unique station in the evolutionary process. Tymieniecka treats the constitution of sense as a function of life, and (...)
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  24. J. E. Gratz (1984). The Ethics of Subliminal Communication. Journal of Business Ethics 3 (3):181 - 184.score: 18.0
    Assume that we communicate for the purpose of trying to change a person's behavior either overtly or covertly. As long as this is done in an honest manner, no concern with ethics is involved. But suppose a communication pattern — subliminals — is developed that covertly tries to change our behavior without our consent. Then, concern with ethics is involved.Very little evidence exists to support a definitive quantitative impact of subliminal communication. There is a suggestion, however, that subliminals (...)
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  25. Tao Jiang (2005). Accessibility of the Subliminal Mind: Transcendence Vs. Immanence. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 38 (3-4):143-164.score: 18.0
    It has long been taken for granted in modern psychology that access to the unconscious is indirectly gained through the interpretation of a trained psychoanalyst, evident in theories of Freud, Jung and others. However, my essay problematizes this very indirectness of access by bringing in a Yogācāra Buddhist formulation of the subliminal mind that offers a direct access. By probing into the philosophical significance of the subliminal mind along the bias of its access, I will argue that the (...)
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  26. Robert F. Bornstein (2002). Consciousness Organizes More Than Itself: Findings From Subliminal Mere Exposure Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):332-333.score: 18.0
    Contrary to Perruchet & Vinter's self-organizing consciousness (SOC) model, subliminal mere exposure (SME) research indicates that stimuli perceived without awareness produce robust effects. Moreover, SME effects are significantly stronger than mere exposure effects produced by clearly recognized stimuli. The SOC model must be revised to accommodate findings from studies that use affect-based outcome measures.
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  27. Christopher French (2009). From the Subliminal to the Ridiculous. The Philosophers' Magazine 45 (45):87-91.score: 18.0
    Virtually all experimental psychologists now accept that our behaviour can be affected by stimuli of which we have no conscious awareness. Such effects are typically not very dramatic even though they are reasonably reliable. However, such results do not on the surface appear to offer much support to claims of profound and lasting behavioural changes brought about by subliminal advertising or subliminal self-help tapes.
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  28. [deleted]Ulrich Ansorge, Shah Khalid & Peter König (2013). Space-Valence Priming with Subliminal and Supraliminal Words. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 18.0
    To date it is unclear whether (1) awareness-independent non-evaluative semantic processes influence affective semantics and whether (2) awareness-independent affective semantics influence non-evaluative semantic processing. In the current study, we investigated these questions with the help of subliminal (masked) primes and visible targets in a space-valence across-category congruence effect. In line with (1), we found that subliminal space prime words influenced valence classification of supraliminal target words (Experiment 1): Classifications were faster with a congruent prime (e.g., the prime ‘up’ (...)
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  29. [deleted]Markus Kiefer Sarah C. Adams (2012). Testing the Attentional Boundary Conditions of Subliminal Semantic Priming: The Influence of Semantic and Phonological Task Sets. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Recent studies challenged the classical notion of automaticity and indicated that even unconscious automatic semantic processing is under attentional control to some extent. In line with our attentional sensitization model, these data suggest that a sensitization of semantic pathways by a semantic task set is necessary for subliminal semantic priming to occur while non-semantic task sets attenuate priming. In the present study, we tested whether masked semantic priming is also reduced by phonological task sets using the previously developed induction (...)
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  30. Simon van Rysewyk (2009). Comment On: Unconscious Affective Processing and Empathy: An Investigation of Subliminal Priming on the Detection of Painful Facial Expressions [Pain 2009; 1–2: 71–75]. PAIN 145:364-366.score: 15.0
  31. J. A. Krosnick, A. L. Betz, L. J. Jussim & A. R. Lynn (1992). Subliminal Conditioning of Attitudes. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 18:152-62.score: 15.0
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  32. K. T. Theus (1994). Subliminal Advertising and the Psychology of Processing Unconscious Stimuli: A Review of Research. [REVIEW] Psychology and Marketing 11:271-290.score: 15.0
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  33. Anthony G. Greenwald, E. Spangenberg, A. R. Pratkanis & J. Eskenazi (1991). Double Blind Tests of Subliminal Self-Help Audiotapes. Psychological Science.score: 15.0
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  34. S. Slipp (2000). Subliminal Stimulation Research and its Implications for Psychoanalytic Theory and Treatment. Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis 28:305-320.score: 15.0
  35. Peter D. Hershock (2008). Contexts and Dialogue: Yogācāra Buddhism and Modern Psychology on the Subliminal Mind – by Tao Jiang. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (2):371–375.score: 15.0
  36. Anthony G. Greenwald, M. R. Klinger & E. S. Schuh (1995). Activation by Marginally Perceptible ("Subliminal") Stimuli: Dissociation of Unconscious From Conscious Cognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 124 (1):22-42.score: 15.0
  37. J. Balay & Howard Shevrin (1988). The Subliminal Psychodynamic Activation Method: A Critical Review. American Psychologist 43:161-74.score: 15.0
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  38. Anthony G. Greenwald & Sean Draine (1997). Do Subliminal Stimuli Enter the Mind Unnoticed? Tests with a New Method. In Jonathan D. Cohen & Jonathan W. Schooler (eds.), Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum. 83--108.score: 15.0
  39. Morris N. Eagle (1959). The Effects of Subliminal Stimuli of Aggressive Content Upon Conscious Cognition. Journal of Personality 27:578-600.score: 15.0
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  40. Graham H. Bird (1973). Subliminal Perception. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73:217-232.score: 15.0
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  41. Daniel Wegner, Dijksterhuis, A., Preston, J. & H. Aarts, Effects of Subliminal Priming of Self and God on Self-Attribution of Authorship for Events.score: 15.0
  42. Robert Bornstein (1989). Subliminal Techniques as Propaganda Tools: Review and Critique. Journal of Mind and Behavior 10 (3):231-262.score: 15.0
    Research on perception without awareness has provoked strong emotional responses from individuals within and outside the scientific community, due in part to the perceived potential for abuse of subliminal techniques. In this paper, four basic issues regarding the use of subliminal techniques for propaganda purposes are discussed: whether exposure to subliminal stimuli can produce significant, predictable changes in affect, cognition and behavior; whether these effects are robust and powerful enough to make the use of subliminal techniques (...)
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  43. Katharina Henke, Theodor Landis & Hans J. Markowitsch (1993). Subliminal Perception of Pictures in the Right Hemisphere. Consciousness and Cognition 2 (3):225-236.score: 15.0
    We addressed the questions whether stimuli presented below the threshold of verbal awareness are nevertheless perceived and whether there are perceptual differences between the two cerebral hemispheres. Pictures of line drawn objects and animals were subliminally presented to each visual half-field for subsequent identification in a form as fragmented as possible. The performance of 40 healthy subjects was compared to that of 63 controls. Whereas identification performance after blank presentation in the experimental group did not differ from that of controls, (...)
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  44. P. Bob (2008). Pain, Dissociation and Subliminal Self-Representations. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):355-369.score: 15.0
    According to recent evidence, neurophysiological processes coupled to pain are closely related to the mechanisms of consciousness. This evidence is in accordance with findings that changes in states of consciousness during hypnosis or traumatic dissociation strongly affect conscious perception and experience of pain, and markedly influence brain functions. Past research indicates that painful experience may induce dissociated state and information about the experience may be stored or processed unconsciously. Reported findings suggest common neurophysiological mechanisms of pain and dissociation and point (...)
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  45. Henning Gibbons (2009). Evaluative Priming From Subliminal Emotional Words: Insights From Event-Related Potentials and Individual Differences Related to Anxiety. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):383-400.score: 15.0
    The present ERP study investigated effects of subliminal emotional words on preference judgments about subsequent visual target stimuli . Each target was preceded by a masked 17-ms emotional adjective. Four classes of prime words were distinguished according to the combinations of positive/negative valence and high/low arousal. Targets were liked significantly more after positive-arousing primes , relative to negative-arousing , positive-nonarousing , and negative-nonarousing primes . In the target ERP, amplitude of right-hemisphere positive slow wave was increased after positive-arousing compared (...)
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  46. K. Schutz, I. SchendzIelarz, P. Zwitserlood & D. Vorberg (2007). Nice Wor If You Can Get the Wor: Subliminal Semantic and Form Priming in Fragment Completion. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):520-532.score: 15.0
    Two experiments investigated subliminal semantic and form priming in a word-completion task. Visual gap-words with a dominant and a subordinate solution were preceded by form-related or by semantically related words, which were briefly presented and sandwich-masked. Priming of the subordinate solution was assessed in Experiment 1, relative to a neutral condition. Both solutions were primed in Experiment 2. In the absence of conscious prime recognition, both semantic and form primes reliably increased the probability with which the primed solution was (...)
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  47. A. Heinzel, H. Hautzel, T. Poeppel, F. Boers, M. Beu & H. Mueller (2008). Neural Correlates of Subliminal and Supraliminal Letter Processing—An Event-Related fMRI Study. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):699-713.score: 15.0
    One problem of interpreting research on subconscious processing is the possibility that participants are weakly conscious of the stimuli. Here, we compared the fMRI BOLD response in healthy adults to clearly visible single letters with the response to letters presented in the absence of any behavioural evidence of visibility . No letter catch trials served as a control condition. Forced-choice responses did not differ from chance when letter-to-background contrast was low, whereas they were almost 100% correct when contrast was high. (...)
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  48. Barry Beyerstein & Eric Eich (1993). Subliminal Self-Help Tapes: Promises, Promises. Rational Enquirer 6 (1).score: 15.0
  49. Alex C. Michalos (1979). Subliminal Seduction. By W.B. Key. New York: New American Library, 1972, $1.95 (Paperback). 200 Pages. [REVIEW] Dialogue 18 (02):272-274.score: 15.0
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  50. Maxim Milyavsky, Ran R. Hassin & Yaacov Schul (2012). Guess What? Implicit Motivation Boosts the Influence of Subliminal Information on Choice. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1232-1241.score: 15.0
    When is choice affected by subliminal messages? This question has fascinated scientists and lay people alike, but it is only recently that reliable empirical data began to emerge. In the current paper we bridge the literature on implicit motivation and that on subliminal persuasion. We suggest that motivation in general, and implicit motivation more specifically, plays an important role in subliminal persuasion: It sensitizes us to subliminal cues. To examine this hypothesis we developed a new paradigm (...)
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