Search results for 'Sue Knight' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Sue Knight & Carol Collins (2013). Opening Teachers' Minds to Philosophy: The Crucial Role of Teacher Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (11):1-10.
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  2.  29
    Sue Knight (1984). Three Varieties of Cultural Relativism. Educational Philosophy and Theory 16 (1):23–36.
  3. Frank H. Knight (1946). By Frank H. Knight. Ethics 57:199.
     
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  4. William Angus Knight, Jan Pieter N. Land & Allan Menzies (1882). Spinoza; 4 Essays, by Land [and Others, Tr. By A. Menzies and Others] Ed. By Prof. Knight.
     
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  5.  33
    Kelvin Knight (2007). Aristotelian Philosophy: Ethics and Politics From Aristotle to Macintyre. Polity.
    Aristotle is the most influential philosopher of practice, and Knight's new book explores the continuing importance of Aristotelian philosophy. First, it examines the theoretical bases of what Aristotle said about ethical, political and productive activity. It then traces ideas of practice through such figures as St Paul, Luther, Hegel, Heidegger and recent Aristotelian philosophers, and evaluates Alasdair MacIntyre's contribution. Knight argues that, whereas Aristotle's own thought legitimated oppression, MacIntyre's revision of Aristotelianism separates ethical excellence from social elitism and (...)
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  6.  24
    Kevin M. Knight (2003). Two Information Measures for Inconsistent Sets. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (2):227-248.
    I present two measures of information for both consistentand inconsistent sets of sentences in a finite language ofpropositional logic. The measures of information are based onmeasures of inconsistency developed in Knight (2002).Relative information measures are then provided corresponding to thetwo information measures.
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  7.  5
    Roger Sue (forthcoming). Du temps social aux temps sociaux. Rhuthmos.
    Extrait de R. Sue, Temps et ordre social. Sociologie des temps sociaux, Paris, PUF, 1994, p. 28-32. Nous remercions Roger Sue de nous avoir autorisé à reproduire ici ce texte. Il faut renoncer à faire une sociologie du temps en général. Renoncement difficile pour le sociologue toujours enclin à penser la société sous forme d'unité. Unité qui produirait son propre temps, un temps unique, le temps de la société. Cette illusion de l'unité est extrêmement forte lorsqu'il s'agit du temps, en (...)
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  8.  9
    David Knight (2012). Sundry Times and Sundry Places. Metascience 21 (3):737-739.
    Sundry times and sundry places Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9670-5 Authors David Knight, Philosophy Department, Durham University, 50, Old Elvet, Durham, DH1 3HN UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  9.  2
    Nick Knight (1996). Li Da and Marxist Philosophy in China. Westview Press.
    Li Da (1890–1966) was one of China’s most important Marxist intellectuals and a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party. He played a major role in the introduction of Marxist philosophy and theory to China and in its dissemination among Chinese revolutionaries. His works are now regarded in China as classics of Marxist philosophy, and he is numbered among the ten most influential Chinese intellectuals of this century. Yet, almost nothing has been written about Li Da in English.In this seminal (...)
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  10. Carl Knight (2013). Luck Egalitarianism. Philosophy Compass 8 (10):924-934.
    Luck egalitarianism is a family of egalitarian theories of distributive justice that aim to counteract the distributive effects of luck. This article explains luck egalitarianism's main ideas, and the debates that have accompanied its rise to prominence. There are two main parts to the discussion. The first part sets out three key moves in the influential early statements of Dworkin, Arneson, and Cohen: the brute luck/option luck distinction, the specification of brute luck in everyday or theoretical terms and the specification (...)
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  11. H. Barker, F. C. S. Schiller, Stanley V. Keeling, A. C. Ewing, E. J. Thomas, Helen Knight & O. de Selincourt (1928). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 37 (146):239-251.
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  12. Julia F. Knight (1994). Nonarithmetical ℵ0-Categorical Theories with Recursive Models. Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (1):106 - 112.
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  13.  70
    Carl Knight (2009). Luck Egalitarianism: Equality, Responsibility, and Justice. Edinburgh University Press.
    How should we decide which inequalities between people are justified, and which are unjustified? One answer is that such inequalities are only justified where there is a corresponding variation in responsible action or choice on the part of the persons concerned. This view, which has become known as 'luck egalitarianism', has come to occupy a central place in recent debates about distributive justice. This book is the first full length treatment of this significant development in contemporary political philosophy. Each of (...)
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  14.  32
    Ronald Beadle & Kelvin Knight (2012). Virtue and Meaningful Work. Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (2):433-450.
    This paper deploys Alasdair MacIntyre’s Aristotelian virtue ethics, in which meaningfulness is understood to supervene on human functioning, to bring empirical and ethical accounts of meaningful work into dialogue. Whereas empirical accounts have presented the experience of meaningful work either in terms of agents’ orientation to work or as intrinsic to certain types of work, ethical accounts have largely assumed the latter formulation and subjected it to considerations of distributive justice. This paper critiques both the empirical and ethical literatures from (...)
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  15. Julia F. Knight (1977). A Complete Lω 1ω-Sentence Characterizing ℵ. Journal of Symbolic Logic 42 (1):59 - 62.
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  16. Carl Knight (2013). Egalitarian Justice and Expected Value. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (5):1061-1073.
    According to all-luck egalitarianism, the differential distributive effects of both brute luck, which defines the outcome of risks which are not deliberately taken, and option luck, which defines the outcome of deliberate gambles, are unjust. Exactly how to correct the effects of option luck is, however, a complex issue. This article argues that (a) option luck should be neutralized not just by correcting luck among gamblers, but among the community as a whole, because it would be unfair for gamblers as (...)
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  17.  5
    Frank Knight (1921). Risk, Uncertainty and Profit. University of Chicago Press.
    Role of the entrepreneur in a distinct role of profit.
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  18. Carl Knight (2011). In Defence of Cosmopolitanism. Theoria 58 (129):19-34.
    David Miller has objected to the cosmopolitan argument that it is arbitrary and hence unfair to treat individuals differently on account of things for which they are not responsible. Such a view seems to require, implausibly, that individuals be treated identically even where (unchosen) needs differ. The objection is, however, inapplicable where the focus of cosmopolitan concern is arbitrary disadvantage rather than arbitrary treatment. This 'unfair disadvantage argument' supports a form of global luck egalitarianism. Miller also objects that cosmopolitanism is (...)
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  19. Julia F. Knight (1976). Hanf Numbers for Omitting Types Over Particular Theories. Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (3):583-588.
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  20.  35
    Karola Stotz, Paul E. Griffiths & Rob Knight (2004). How Biologists Conceptualize Genes: An Empirical Study. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (4):647-673.
    Philosophers and historians of biology have argued that genes are conceptualized differently in different fields of biology and that these differences influence both the conduct of research and the interpretation of research by audiences outside the field in which the research was conducted. In this paper we report the results of a questionnaire study of how genes are conceptualized by biological scientists at the University of Sydney, Australia. The results provide tentative support for some hypotheses about conceptual differences between different (...)
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  21. Carl Knight (2012). Unit-Ideas Unleashed: A Reinterpretation and Reassessment of Lovejovian Methodology in the History of Ideas. Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (2):195-217.
    This article argues for an unconventional interpretation of Arthur O. Lovejoy’s distinctive approach to method in the history of ideas. It is maintained that the value of the central concept of the ‘unit-idea’ has been misunderstood by friends and foes alike. The commonality of unit-ideas at different times and places is often defined in terms of familial resemblance. But such an approach must necessarily define unit-ideas as being something other than the smallest conceptual unit. It is (...)
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  22. Paul E. Griffiths & Robin D. Knight (1998). What is the Developmentalist Challenge? Philosophy of Science 65 (2):253-258.
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  23. J. W. Scott, E. M. Whetnall, H. R. Mackintosh, John Laird, T. Whittaker, James Drever, C. A. Mace, E. S. Waterhouse, Helen Knight & L. Roth (1928). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 37 (145):106-124.
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  24.  14
    Gene A. Brewer, Justin Knight, J. Thadeus Meeks & Richard L. Marsh (2011). On the Role of Imagery in Event-Based Prospective Memory. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):901-907.
    The role of imagery in encoding event-based prospective memories has yet to be fully clarified. Herein, it is argued that imagery augments a cue-to-context association that supports event-based prospective memory performance. By this account, imagery encoding not only improves prospective memory performance but also reduces interference to intention-related information that occurs outside of context. In the current study, when lure words occurred outside of the appropriate responding context, the use of imagery encoding strategies resulted in less interference when compared with (...)
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  25. Andrew Knight (2011). The Costs and Benefits of Animal Experiments. Palgrave Macmillan.
     
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  26.  82
    Carl Knight (2011). Inequality, Avoidability, and Healthcare. Iyyun 60:72-88.
    This review article of Shlomi Segall's Health, Luck, and Justice (Princeton University Press, 2010) addresses three issues: first, Segall’s claim that luck egalitarianism, properly construed, does not object to brute luck equality; second, Segall’s claim that brute luck is properly construed as the outcome of actions that it would have been unreasonable to expect the agent to avoid; and third, Segall’s account of healthcare and criticism of rival views. On the first two issues, a more conventional form of luck egalitarianism (...)
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  27. Carl Knight (2005). In Defence of Luck Egalitarianism. Res Publica 11 (1):1-10.
    This paper considers issues raised by Elizabeth Anderson's recent critique of the position she terms luck egalitarianism. It is maintained that luck egalitarianism, once clarified and elaborated in certain regards, remains the strongest egalitarian stance. Anderson's arguments that luck egalitarians abandon both the negligent and prudent dependent caretakers fails to account for the moderate positions open to luck egalitarians and overemphasizes their commitment to unregulated market choices. The claim that luck egalitarianism insults citizens by redistributing on the grounds of paternalistic (...)
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  28.  21
    Kathy Knight (1988). Cultural Roots of a Peace Paradigm. The Personalist Forum 4 (1):13-26.
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  29. Jack Knight & James Johnson (1994). Aggregation and Deliberation: On the Possibility of Democratic Legitimacy. Political Theory 22 (2):277-296.
  30. Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska Carl (2011). Responsibility and Distributive Justice: An Introduction. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press
    This introductory chapter provides an overview of the recent debate about responsibility and distributive justice. It traces the recent philosophical focus on distributive justice to John Rawls and examines two arguments in his work which might be taken to contain the seeds of the focus on responsibility in later theories of distributive justice. It examines Ronald Dworkin's ‘equality of resources’, the ‘luck egalitarianism’ of Richard Arneson and G. A. Cohen, as well as the criticisms of their work put (...)
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  31. Carl Knight (2013). The Injustice of Discrimination. South African Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):47-59.
    Discrimination might be considered unjust on account of the comparative disadvantage it imposes, the absolute disadvantage it imposes, the disrespect it shows, or the prejudice it shows. This article argues that each of these accounts overlooks some cases of unjust discrimination. In response to this state of affairs we might combine two or more of these accounts. A promising approach combines the comparative disadvantage and absolute disadvantage accounts.
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  32. Carl Knight (2009). Egalitarian Justice and Valuational Judgment. Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (4):482-498.
    Contemporary discussions of egalitarian justice have often focused on the issue of expensive taste. G.A. Cohen has recently abandoned the view that all chosen disadvantages are non-compensable, now maintaining that chosen expensive judgmental tastes—those endorsed by valuational judgment—are compensable as it is unreasonable to expect persons not to develop them. But chosen expensive brute taste—the main type of non-compensable expensive taste on the new scheme—cannot be described in such a way that there is a normative difference between it and chosen (...)
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  33. Carl Knight (2013). Benefiting From Injustice and Brute Luck. Social Theory and Practice 39 (4):581-598.
    Many political philosophers maintain that beneficiaries of injustice are under special obligations to assist victims of injustice. However, the examples favoured by those who endorse this view equally support an alternative luck egalitarian view, which holds that special obligations should be assigned to those with good brute luck. From this perspective the distinguishing features of the benefiting view are (1) its silence on the question of whether to allocate special obligations to assist the brute luck worse off to those who (...)
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  34.  85
    Carl Knight & Roger Knight (2012). Equality and Information. Ethical Perspectives 19 (3):469-499.
    Traditional outcome-orientated egalitarian principles require access to information about the size of individual holdings. Recent egalitarian political theory has sought to accommodate considerations of responsibility. Such a move may seem problematic, in that a new informational burden is thereby introduced, with no apparent decrease in the existing burden. This article uses a simple model with simulated data to examine the extent to which outcome egalitarianism and responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism (‘luck egalitarianism’) can be accurately applied where information is incomplete or erroneous. It (...)
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  35.  2
    Luke K. Ursell, William Van Treuren, Jessica L. Metcalf, Meg Pirrung, Andrew Gewirtz & Rob Knight (2013). Replenishing Our Defensive Microbes. Bioessays 35 (9):810-817.
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  36. Gordon Knight (2013). Disjunctivism Unmotivated. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences (2):1-18.
    Many naive realists endorse a negative disjunctivist strategy in order to deal with the challenge presented by the possibility of phenomenologically indistinguishable halucination. In the first part of this paper I argue that this approach is methodologically inconsistent because it undercuts the phenomenological motivation that underlies the the appeal of naive realism. In the second part of the paper I develop an alternative to the negative disjunctivist account along broadly Meinongian lines. In the last section of this paper I consider (...)
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  37.  4
    Christopher G. Knight & John W. Pinney (2009). Making the Right Connections: Biological Networks in the Light of Evolution. Bioessays 31 (10):1080-1090.
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  38. Carl Knight (2012). Distributive Luck. South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):541-559.
    This article explores the Rawlsian goal of ensuring that distributions are not influenced by the morally arbitrary. It does so by bringing discussions of distributive justice into contact with the debate over moral luck initiated by Williams and Nagel. Rawls’ own justice as fairness appears to be incompatible with the arbitrariness commitment, as it creates some equalities arbitrarily. A major rival, Dworkin’s version of brute luck egalitarianism, aims to be continuous with ordinary ethics, and so is (a) sensitive to non-philosophical (...)
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  39.  14
    B. Knight (1990). Medicine and the Law. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (3):163-164.
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  40.  96
    Carl Knight (2014). Moderate Emissions Grandfathering. Environmental Values 23 (5):571-592.
    Emissions grandfathering holds that a history of emissions strengthens an agent’s claim for future emission entitlements. Though grandfathering appears to have been influential in actual emission control frameworks, it is rarely taken seriously by philosophers. This article presents an argument for thinking this an oversight. The core of the argument is that members of countries with higher historical emissions are typically burdened with higher costs when transitioning to a given lower level of emissions. According to several appealing views in political (...)
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  41.  52
    Julia F. Knight (1988). Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic: San Antonio, 1987. Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (3):1000-1006.
  42.  50
    T. E. Jessop, H. F. Hallett, Michael B. Foster, F. C. S. Schiller, James Drever, H. R. Mackintosh, Rex Knight, S. V. Keeling & E. J. Thomas (1930). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 39 (153):101-120.
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  43. Julia F. Knight & Michael Stob (2000). Computable Boolean Algebras. Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (4):1605-1623.
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  44.  12
    E. Fokina, J. F. Knight, A. Melnikov, S. M. Quinn & C. Safranski (2011). Classes of Ulm Type and Coding Rank-Homogeneous Trees in Other Structures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (3):846 - 869.
    The first main result isolates some conditions which fail for the class of graphs and hold for the class of Abelian p-groups, the class of Abelian torsion groups, and the special class of "rank-homogeneous" trees. We consider these conditions as a possible definition of what it means for a class of structures to have "Ulm type". The result says that there can be no Turing computable embedding of a class not of Ulm type into one of Ulm type. We apply (...)
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  45. M. A., P. Leon, H. B. Acton, W. G. de Burgh, F. R. Tennant, H. R. Mackintosh, A. S., J. Wisdom, Rex Knight, F. C. S. Schiller, T. E. Jessop & J. S. Mackenzie (1934). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 43 (170):238-265.
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  46. Carl Knight (2009). Describing Equality. Law and Philosophy 28 (4):327 - 365.
    This articles proposes that theories and principles of distributive justice be considered substantively egalitarian iff they satisfy each of three conditions: (1) they consider the bare fact that a person is in certain circumstances to be a conclusive reason for placing another relevantly identically entitled person in the same circumstances, except where this conflicts with other similarly conclusive reasons arising from the circumstances of other persons; (2) they can be stated as 'equality of x for all persons', making no explicit (...)
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  47. Carl Knight (2010). Justice and the Grey Box of Responsibility. Theoria 57 (124):86-112.
    Even where an act appears to be responsible, and satisfies all the conditions for responsibility laid down by society, the response to it may be unjust where that appearance is false, and where those conditions are insufficient. This paper argues that those who want to place considerations of responsibility at the centre of distributive and criminal justice ought to take this concern seriously. The common strategy of relying on what Susan Hurley describes as a 'black box of responsibility' has the (...)
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  48. Deborah Knight (1999). Why We Enjoy Condemning Sentimentality: A Meta-Aesthetic Perspective. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 57 (4):411-420.
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  49.  43
    Helen Knight (1928). Notes. Mind 37 (147):391-392.
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  50. David Knight (2000). Higher Pantheism. Zygon 35 (3):603-612.
    Romantic sensibility and political necessity led Humphry Davy, Britain's most prominent scientist in the first quarter of the nineteenth century, to pantheism: nature worship, involving for him a fervent belief in the immortality of the soul. Rapt with a vision of sublimity, from mountain tops or balloons, men of science in succeeding generations also found in pantheism a reason for their vocation and a way of making sense of their world. It should be seen as an alternative both to active (...)
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