Search results for 'Sufficiency' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  16
    Zi Lin (forthcoming). The Leverage Approach for Sufficiency? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-8.
    Sufficiency principles generally state that it is especially important for justice that people have enough of certain goods, but it can be hard to give a convincing answer as to what level of goods counts as enough. This paper examines a recent sufficiency view by George Sher, who argues that the threshold level of resources and opportunities that the state should provide for each citizen is whatever level gives one enough leverage to obtain further resources and opportunities without (...)
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  2.  1
    Raimundas Jurka (2009). Immunity of a Close Person as a Witness in Criminal Procedure of Lithuania: Problem with Sufficiency. Jurisprudence 117 (3):179-195.
    This article analyzes the issues of content and scope of the immunity of a close person as a witness in criminal procedure of Lithuania. The question on sufficiency of this immunity is raised because protection of a personal and family secret in criminal proceedings depends upon it. The author also perceives uncertainty of the actual and legal status of a close person as a family member, while ascertaining and implementing one of the most important additional guarantees granted for witnesses. (...)
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  3. Paula Casal (2007). Why Sufficiency is Not Enough. Ethics 117 (2):296-326.
  4. Matthew Rendall (2011). Non-Identity, Sufficiency and Exploitation. Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (2):229-247.
    This paper argues that we hold two key duties to future people: to leave them enough in an absolute sense, and to leave them their fair share. Even if we benefit people by bringing them into existence, we can wrongly exploit our position to take more than our share of benefits. As in paradigm cases of exploitation, just because future people might agree to the ‘bargain’, this does not mean that they receive enough.
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  5.  24
    Efrat Ram-Tiktin (2011). A Decent Minimum for Everyone as a Sufficiency of Basic Human Functional Capabilities. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):24 - 25.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 7, Page 24-25, July 2011.
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  6. D. Gene Witmer (2001). Sufficiency Claims and Physicalism: A Formulation. In Carl Gillett & Barry M. Loewer (eds.), Physicalism and its Discontents. Cambridge University Press
     
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  7.  35
    Brian Ribeiro (2010). Radical Epistemic Self-Sufficiency on Reed's Long Road to Skepticism. Philosophia 38 (4):789-793.
    Baron Reed has developed a new argument for skepticism: (1) contemporary epistemologists are all committed to two theses, fallibilism and attributabilism; unfortunately, (2) these two theses about knowledge are incompatible; therefore, (3) knowledge as conceived by contemporary epistemologists is impossible. In this brief paper I suggest that Reed's argument appears to rest on an understanding of attributabilism that is so strong (call it maximal attributabilism) that it's doubtful that many contemporary epistemologists actually embrace it. Nor does Reed offer any direct (...)
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  8.  2
    Jane Fowler Morse (2001). Intellectual Freedom and Economic Sufficiency as Educational Entitlements. Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (3):201-211.
    This paper explores the historic philosophical contributions ofMill and Marx toward a comprehensive conception of intellectual freedomas a basic educational entitlement. In a perhaps surprising confluence,Marx's theory of a material base for freedom of thought is then extendedin a discussion of contemporary freedoms including, importantly,academic freedom and its implication for teaching, the profession andits training.
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  9. Colin Palmer, Bryan Paton, Linda Barclay & Jakob Hohwy (2013). Equality, Efficiency, and Sufficiency: Responding to Multiple Parameters of Distributive Justice During Charitable Distribution. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (4):659-674.
    Distributive justice decision making tends to require a trade off between different valued outcomes. The present study tracked computer mouse cursor movements in a forced-choice paradigm to examine for tension between different parameters of distributive justice during the decision-making process. Participants chose between set meal distributions, to third parties, that maximised either equality (the evenness of the distribution) or efficiency (the total number of meals distributed). Across different formulations of these dilemmas, responding was consistent with the notion that individuals tend (...)
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  10.  94
    Yitzhak Benbaji (2005). The Doctrine of Sufficiency: A Defence. Utilitas 17 (3):310-332.
    This article proposes an analysis of the doctrine of sufficiency. According to my reading, the doctrine's basic positive claim is ‘prioritarian’: benefiting x is of special moral importance where (and only where) x is badly off. Its negative claim is anti-egalitarian: most comparative facts expressed by statements of the type ‘x is worse off than y’ have no moral significance at all. This contradicts the ‘classical’ priority view according to which, although equality per se does not matter, whenever x (...)
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  11.  84
    Lewis Holloway (2003). "What a Thing, Then, is This Cow...": Positioning Domestic Livestock Animals in the Texts and Practices of Small-Scale "Self-Sufficiency". Society and Animals 11 (2):145-165.
    This paper focuses on the positioning of animals other than human in the texts and practices of two versions of small-scale food "self-sufficiency" in Britain. The paper discusses the writings of Cobbett and Seymour on self-sufficiency, suggesting that livestock animals are central, in a number of ways, to the constitution of these modes of self-sufficiency. First, animals are situated in both the texts and in the practicing of self-sufficiency regarded as essential parts of the economies and (...)
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  12.  3
    Frederik Van De Putte (forthcoming). “That Will Do”: Logics of Deontic Necessity and Sufficiency. Erkenntnis:1-39.
    We study a logic for deontic necessity and sufficiency, as originally proposed in van Benthem :36–41, 1979). Building on earlier work in modal logic, we provide a sound and complete axiomatization for it, consider some standard extensions, and study other important properties. After that, we compare this logic to the logic of “obligation as weakest permission” from Anglberger et al. :807–827, 2015).
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  13.  14
    Karl Widerquist (2010). How the Sufficiency Minimum Becomes a Social Maximum. Utilitas 22 (4):474-480.
    This article argues that, under likely empirical conditions, sufficientarianism leads not to an easily achievable duty to maintain a social minimum but to the onerous duty of maintaining a social maximum at the sufficiency level. This happens because sufficientarians ask us to give no weight at all to small benefits for people above the sufficiency level if the alternative is to relieve the suffering of people below it. If we apply this judgment in a world where there are (...)
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  14.  4
    Lasse Nielsen (2016). Sufficiency Grounded as Sufficiently Free: A Reply to Shlomi Segall. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (2):202-216.
    Telic sufficientarianism is the view that it is better, other things equal, if people are lifted above some sufficiency threshold of special moral importance. In a recent contribution, Shlomi Segall has raised the following objection to this position: The telic ideal of sufficiency can neither be grounded on any personal value, nor any impersonal value. Consequently, sufficientarianism is groundless. This article contains a rejoinder to this critique. Its main claim is that the value of autonomy holds strong potential (...)
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  15.  11
    G. K. D. Crozier & Dominique Martin (2012). How to Address the Ethics of Reproductive Travel to Developing Countries: A Comparison of National Self-Sufficiency and Regulated Market Approaches. Developing World Bioethics 12 (1):45-54.
    One of the areas of concern raised by cross-border reproductive travel regards the treatment of women who are solicited to provide their ova or surrogacy services to foreign consumers. This is particularly troublesome in the context of developing countries where endemic poverty and low standards for both medical care and informed consent may place these women at risk of exploitation and harm. We explore two contrasting proposals for policy development regarding the industry, both of which seek to promote ethical outcomes (...)
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  16.  53
    David-Hillel Ruben (1981). Lewis and the Problem of Causal Sufficiency. Analysis 41 (1):38-41.
    Lewis' counterfactual account of deterministic causation has no way in which to represent causal sufficiency. In the case in which the cause and effect actually occur, the conditional, c box-arrow e is trivially true, equivalent to the material conditional. Yet in deterministic causation, one needs a notion of causal sufficiency that is stronger than that.
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  17.  57
    Stephen Leighton (2002). Aristotle's Account of Anger: Narcissism and Illusions of Self-Sufficiency. Ratio 15 (1):23–45.
    This paper considers an allegation by M. Stocker and E. Hegeman that Aristotle’s account of anger yields a narcissistic passion bedevilled by illusions of self-sufficiency. The paper argues on behalf of Aristotle’s valuing of anger within a virtuous and flourishing life, showing that and why Aristotle’s account is neither narcissistic nor involves illusions of self-sufficiency. In so arguing a deeper appreciation of Aristotle’s understanding of a self-sufficient life is reached, as are some interesting contrasts between Aristotle's understanding of (...)
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  18.  20
    Anders Strand (2010). Causal Exclusion and the Preservation of Causal Sufficiency. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):117-135.
    Causal overdetermination, the existence of more than one sufficient cause for an effect, is standardly regarded as unacceptable among philosophers of mental causation. Philosophers of mind, both proponents of causal exclusion arguments and defenders of non-reductive physicalism, seem generally displeased with the idea of mental causes merely overdetermining their already physically determined effects. However, as I point out below, overdetermination is widespread in the broadly physical domain. Many of these cases are due to what I call the preservation of causal (...)
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  19.  13
    Aim-Orn Niranraj (2008). The Concept of a Self-Sufficiency Economy in Thailand. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 29:99-108.
    Between 1987 and 1997, Thailand experienced a bubble economy. When the bubble economy exploded in 1997, the country suddenly experienced an economic crisis: it was in heavy debt and became financially controlled by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The problem was caused by the country’s desire to rapidly change itself from an agricultural country to an industrial one, without considering its own comparative advantage in that its climate and resources are more suitable for agriculture. Thailand also wanted to become a (...)
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  20.  10
    J. Brendan Ritchie, Chalmers on Implementation and Computational Sufficiency.
    Chalmers argues for the following two principles: computational sufficiency and computational explanation. In this commentary I present two criticisms of Chalmers’ argument for the principle of computational sufficiency, which states that implementing the appropriate kind of computational structure suffices for possessing mentality. First, Chalmers only establishes that a system has its mental properties in virtue of the computations it performs in the trivial sense that any physical system can be described computationally to some arbitrary level of detail; further (...)
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  21.  28
    Manuel Liz Gutiérrez (2007). Enabling Relations As a Way to Transfer Causal Sufficiency. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:87-93.
    There are important cases where properties not referred to by expressions from the languages of physics are enabled in certain times and circumstances to get causal control over some kinds of physical events. I will argue that in those cases we would have to transfer to those properties the causal sufficiency to bring about these events. This would offer a principle of causal inheritance in sharp contrast with the inheritance principle for the causal sufficiency of second order properties (...)
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  22.  9
    Bernard I. Logan (1989). Government Expenditures on Imported Inputs and the Goals of Food Self-Sufficiency and Food Security in the Southern African Development Co-Ordination Conference. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (3):191-207.
    Food security and food self-sufficiency are important regional goals for the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC). In the long run, success in these areas would reduce the incidence of drought-related mass starvation and the epidemic of malnutrition and undernutrition that exists among some tribal groups. For food production to improve, the governments must commit themselves to increasing the access of peasant farmers to critical agricultural inputs. If they do not take proper action in this area of development planning, (...)
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  23.  11
    Lucio Esposito & Peter J. Lambert (2011). Poverty Measurement: Prioritarianism, Sufficiency and the ‘I's of Poverty’. Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):109-121.
    The seminal contribution of Sen led to a new way to conceptualize and measure absolute poverty, by arguing for the need to ‘take note of the inequality among the poor’ . Since then, the ‘Inequality’ of poverty has become the third ‘I’ of poverty, which together with the ‘Incidence’ and the ‘Intensity’ of it constitute the dimensions deemed relevant for poverty evaluation. In this paper, we first argue that the interest in the third ‘I’ of poverty actually originates from a (...)
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  24.  4
    Kelleen R. Hurlburt (1992). Sufficiency Conditions for Theories with Recursive Models. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 55 (3):305-320.
    Hurlburt, K.R., Sufficiency conditions for theories with recursive models, Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 55 305–320. We give conditions under which it is possible to construct recursive models for certain highly non-recursive theories. The main idea is to find an ‘α-friendly family’ of structures corresponding to the given theory and then to construct the desired recursive model by copying appropriate parts of these structures, choosing the part to copy in each structure so as to include important witnesses. All (...)
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  25.  1
    Lasse Nielsen (2015). Sufficiency Grounded as Sufficiently Free: A Reply to Shlomi Segall. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (1).
    Telic sufficientarianism is the view that it is better, other things equal, if people are lifted above some sufficiency threshold of special moral importance. In a recent contribution, Shlomi Segall has raised the following objection to this position: The telic ideal of sufficiency can neither be grounded on any personal value, nor any impersonal value. Consequently, sufficientarianism is groundless. This article contains a rejoinder to this critique. Its main claim is that the value of autonomy holds strong potential (...)
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  26.  5
    Fitzhugh Mullan, Seble Frehywot & Laura J. Jolley (2008). Aging, Primary Care, and Self-Sufficiency: Health Care Workforce Challenges Ahead. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (4):703-708.
    A combination of “environmental factors” in the U.S. has led to an increased demand for health care professionals. However, there has been a significant decrease in the number of U.S. medical graduates selecting careers in family medicine and general internal medicine, thus driving demand for international medical graduates. At the heart of our national workforce policy needs to be good domestic and foreign policies, such as self-sufficiency approaches that include strategies to incentivize rural and underserved practice for U.S. medical (...)
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  27.  1
    Indrė Lechtimiakytė (2013). Preservation of Environment in Times of Non-International Armed Conflict. Legal Framework, Its Sufficiency and Suggestions. Jurisprudence 20 (2):569-590.
    Environmental protection in times of armed conflicts, irrespective internal or international, is rarely considered as a prioritized concern. Due to the concept of state sovereignty, this is especially problematic when examining interaction of warfare and environmental protection in non-international hostilities. Not only it is challenging to find any exhaustive and explicit legal provisions regulating the matter, but this issue has also been forgotten by international legal scholars. Therefore, in this article the author reviews written and customary norms laid down in (...)
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  28. J. Blair (2007). Relevance, Acceptability, and Sufficiency Today. Anthropology and Philosophy 8 (1/2):33-48.
    In Logical Self-Defense , Johnson and I introduced the criteria of acceptability, relevance and sufficiency as appropriate for the evaluation of arguments in the sense of reasons offered in support of a claim. These three criteria have been widely adopted, but each has been subjected to a number of criticisms; and also 30 years of research have intervened. How do these criteria stand up today? In this paper I argue that they still have a place in argument analysis and (...)
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  29. Sam-ang Seubsman, Matthew Kelly & Adrian Sleigh (2013). The Sufficiency Economy and Community Sustainability in Rural Northeastern Thailand. Asian Culture and History 5 (2):p57.
    Thailand is promoting a sufficiency economy (SE) emphasizing community solidarity, mixed farming and sustainable agriculture. We analyze to what extent the SE philosophy is part of the daily lives of communities in Isan, NE Thailand. We interviewed rural household representatives and community leaders on education, employment, community dynamics, aspirations, concerns and social-sufficiency. The majority observed that community values and interaction were essential and were satisfied with living standards and community. However, most want their children to proceed to university (...)
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  30. John W. Carroll (1992). The Unanimity Theory and Probabilistic Sufficiency. Philosophy of Science 59 (3):471-479.
    The unanimity theory is an account of property-level causation requiring that causes raise the probability of their effects in specified test situations. Richard Otte (1981) and others have presented counterexamples in which one property is probabilistically sufficient for at least one other property. Given the continuing discussion (e.g., Cartwright 1989; Cartwright and Dupre 1988; Eells 1988a,b), many apparently think that these problems are minor. By considering the impact of Otte's cases on recent versions of the theory, by raising several new (...)
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  31. Robert Huseby (2010). Sufficiency: Restated and Defended. Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (2):178-197.
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  32. Michelle Kosch (2015). Agency and Self‐Sufficiency in Fichte's Ethics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 91 (2):348-380.
  33. Margaret Watkins Tate (2007). Resources for Solitude: Proper Self-Sufficiency in Jane Austen. Philosophy and Literature 31 (2):323-343.
  34.  62
    Stig Alstrup Rasmussen (1982). Ruben on Lewis and Causal Sufficiency. Analysis 42 (4):207 - 211.
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  35. Robert D. Rupert (forthcoming). The Sufficiency of Objective Representation. In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), Current Controversies in Philosophy of Mind. Routledge
  36. Campbell Brown (2005). Priority or Sufficiency …or Both? Economics and Philosophy 21 (2):199-220.
    Prioritarianism is the view that we ought to give priority to benefiting those who are worse off. Sufficientism, on the other hand, is the view that we ought to give priority to benefiting those who are not sufficiently well off. This paper concerns the relative merits of these two views; in particular, it examines an argument advanced by Roger Crisp to the effect that sufficientism is the superior of the two. My aim is to show that Crisp's argument is unsound. (...)
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  37.  59
    Stig Alstrup Rasmussen (1987). Causal Sufficiency Reconsidered. Analysis 47 (1):32 - 34.
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  38.  46
    Yitzhak Benbaji (2006). Sufficiency or Priority? European Journal of Philosophy 14 (3):327–348.
  39. Gerald Vision (1979). Causal Sufficiency. Mind 88 (349):105-110.
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  40.  27
    Lloyd Humberstone & Herman Cappelen (2006). Sufficiency and Excess. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):265-320.
    This paper assembles examples and considerations bearing on such questions as the following. Are statements to the effect that someone is too young (for instance) or that someone is old enough always to be understood in terms of someone's being too young or too old for such-and-such-for example, for them to join a particular organization? And when a 'such-and-such' has been specified, is it always at least tacitly modal in force-in the case just given, too young or old enough to (...)
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  41.  75
    Paul Faulkner (2013). Two-Stage Reliabilism, Virtue Reliabilism, Dualism and the Problem of Sufficiency. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 2 (8):121-138.
    Social epistemology should be truth-centred, argues Goldman. Social epistemology should capture the ‘logic of everyday practices’ and describe socially ‘situated’ reasoning, says Fuller. Starting from Goldman’s vision of epistemology, this paper aims to argue for Fuller’s contention. Social epistemology cannot focus solely on the truth because the truth can be got in lucky ways. The same too could be said for reliability. Adding a second layer of epistemic evaluation helps only insofar as the reasons thus specified are appropriately connected to (...)
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  42.  24
    P. A. W. (1982). The Sufficiency of Hope. Review of Metaphysics 36 (1):182-184.
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  43.  47
    Michael McDermott (2002). Causation: Influence Versus Sufficiency. Journal of Philosophy 99 (2):84-101.
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  44. Eric Brown, Aristotle on the Choice of Lives: Two Concepts of Self-Sufficiency.
    In Nicomachean Ethics I 5, Aristotle discusses four sorts of lives, giving preferred attention to the lives devoted to gratification, politics, and philosophical contemplation, and dismissing the one devoted to making money. On his account, those who live these different sorts of lives pursue manifestly different goals, and their different goals shape different evaluations of all of their actions, reactions, relations, and possessions. Hence, Aristotle simultaneously engages the traditional inquiry into which sort of life is best and extracts from that (...)
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  45.  3
    Eddie M. W. Tong (2010). The Sufficiency and Necessity of Appraisals for Negative Emotions. Cognition and Emotion 24 (4):692-701.
  46.  37
    Helena Siipi & Susanne Uusitalo (2008). Consumer Autonomy and Sufficiency of Gmf Labeling. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (4):353-369.
    Individuals’ food choices are intimately connected to their self-images and world views. Some dietary choices adopted by consumers pose restrictions on their use of genetically modified food (GMF). It is quite generally agreed that some kind of labeling is necessary for respecting consumers’ autonomy of choice regarding GMF. In this paper, we ask whether the current practice of mandatory labeling of GMF products in the European Union is a sufficient administrative procedure for respecting consumers’ autonomy. Three issues concerning this question (...)
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  47. Martha Nussbaum (1992). Tragedy Anbd Self-Sufficiency: Plato and Aristotle on Fear and Pity. In Julia Annas (ed.), Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume X: 1992. Clarendon Press
     
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  48. John C. Fentress (1978). On the Sufficiency of Command Neurons. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):20.
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  49.  10
    Kok-Chor Tan, Sufficiency, Equality and the Consequences of Global Coercion.
    In some discussions on global distributive justice, it is argued that the factthat the state exercises coercive authority over its own citizens explains whythe state has egalitarian distributive obligations to its own but not to otherindividuals in the world at large. Two recent works make the case that the globalorder is indeed coercive in a morally significant way for generating certainglobal distributive obligations. Nicole Hassoun argues that the coercivecharacter of the global order gives rise to global duties of humanitarian aid.Laura (...)
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  50.  8
    Ralf Mayrhofer & Michael R. Waldmann (2015). Sufficiency and Necessity Assumptions in Causal Structure Induction. Cognitive Science 40 (4).
    Research on human causal induction has shown that people have general prior assumptions about causal strength and about how causes interact with the background. We propose that these prior assumptions about the parameters of causal systems do not only manifest themselves in estimations of causal strength or the selection of causes but also when deciding between alternative causal structures. In three experiments, we requested subjects to choose which of two observable variables was the cause and which the effect. We found (...)
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