Search results for 'Sufficiency' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Raimundas Jurka (2009). Immunity of a Close Person as a Witness in Criminal Procedure of Lithuania: Problem with Sufficiency. Jurisprudence 117 (3):179-195.score: 18.0
    This article analyzes the issues of content and scope of the immunity of a close person as a witness in criminal procedure of Lithuania. The question on sufficiency of this immunity is raised because protection of a personal and family secret in criminal proceedings depends upon it. The author also perceives uncertainty of the actual and legal status of a close person as a family member, while ascertaining and implementing one of the most important additional guarantees granted for witnesses. (...)
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  2. Paula Casal (2007). Why Sufficiency is Not Enough. Ethics 117 (2):296-326.score: 15.0
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  3. D. Gene Witmer (2001). Sufficiency Claims and Physicalism: A Formulation. In Carl Gillett & Barry M. Loewer (eds.), Physicalism and its Discontents. Cambridge University Press.score: 15.0
     
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  4. Brian Ribeiro (2010). Radical Epistemic Self-Sufficiency on Reed's Long Road to Skepticism. Philosophia 38 (4):789-793.score: 15.0
    Baron Reed has developed a new argument for skepticism: (1) contemporary epistemologists are all committed to two theses, fallibilism and attributabilism; unfortunately, (2) these two theses about knowledge are incompatible; therefore, (3) knowledge as conceived by contemporary epistemologists is impossible. In this brief paper I suggest that Reed's argument appears to rest on an understanding of attributabilism that is so strong (call it maximal attributabilism) that it's doubtful that many contemporary epistemologists actually embrace it. Nor does Reed offer any direct (...)
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  5. Jane Fowler Morse (2001). Intellectual Freedom and Economic Sufficiency as Educational Entitlements. Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (3):201-211.score: 15.0
    This paper explores the historic philosophical contributions ofMill and Marx toward a comprehensive conception of intellectual freedomas a basic educational entitlement. In a perhaps surprising confluence,Marx's theory of a material base for freedom of thought is then extendedin a discussion of contemporary freedoms including, importantly,academic freedom and its implication for teaching, the profession andits training.
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  6. Yitzhak Benbaji (2005). The Doctrine of Sufficiency: A Defence. Utilitas 17 (3):310-332.score: 12.0
    This article proposes an analysis of the doctrine of sufficiency. According to my reading, the doctrine's basic positive claim is ‘prioritarian’: benefiting x is of special moral importance where (and only where) x is badly off. Its negative claim is anti-egalitarian: most comparative facts expressed by statements of the type ‘x is worse off than y’ have no moral significance at all. This contradicts the ‘classical’ priority view according to which, although equality per se does not matter, whenever x (...)
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  7. Colin Palmer, Bryan Paton, Linda Barclay & Jakob Hohwy (2013). Equality, Efficiency, and Sufficiency: Responding to Multiple Parameters of Distributive Justice During Charitable Distribution. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 4 (4):659-674.score: 12.0
    Distributive justice decision making tends to require a trade off between different valued outcomes. The present study tracked computer mouse cursor movements in a forced-choice paradigm to examine for tension between different parameters of distributive justice during the decision-making process. Participants chose between set meal distributions, to third parties, that maximised either equality (the evenness of the distribution) or efficiency (the total number of meals distributed). Across different formulations of these dilemmas, responding was consistent with the notion that individuals tend (...)
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  8. Stephen Leighton (2002). Aristotle's Account of Anger: Narcissism and Illusions of Self-Sufficiency. Ratio 15 (1):23–45.score: 12.0
    This paper considers an allegation by M. Stocker and E. Hegeman that Aristotle’s account of anger yields a narcissistic passion bedevilled by illusions of self-sufficiency. The paper argues on behalf of Aristotle’s valuing of anger within a virtuous and flourishing life, showing that and why Aristotle’s account is neither narcissistic nor involves illusions of self-sufficiency. In so arguing a deeper appreciation of Aristotle’s understanding of a self-sufficient life is reached, as are some interesting contrasts between Aristotle's understanding of (...)
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  9. Manuel Liz Gutiérrez (2007). Enabling Relations As a Way to Transfer Causal Sufficiency. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:87-93.score: 12.0
    There are important cases where properties not referred to by expressions from the languages of physics are enabled in certain times and circumstances to get causal control over some kinds of physical events. I will argue that in those cases we would have to transfer to those properties the causal sufficiency to bring about these events. This would offer a principle of causal inheritance in sharp contrast with the inheritance principle for the causal sufficiency of second order properties (...)
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  10. G. K. D. Crozier & Dominique Martin (2012). How to Address the Ethics of Reproductive Travel to Developing Countries: A Comparison of National Self-Sufficiency and Regulated Market Approaches. Developing World Bioethics 12 (1):45-54.score: 12.0
    One of the areas of concern raised by cross-border reproductive travel regards the treatment of women who are solicited to provide their ova or surrogacy services to foreign consumers. This is particularly troublesome in the context of developing countries where endemic poverty and low standards for both medical care and informed consent may place these women at risk of exploitation and harm. We explore two contrasting proposals for policy development regarding the industry, both of which seek to promote ethical outcomes (...)
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  11. Indrė Lechtimiakytė (2013). Preservation of Environment in Times of Non-International Armed Conflict. Legal Framework, Its Sufficiency and Suggestions. Jurisprudence 20 (2):569-590.score: 12.0
    Environmental protection in times of armed conflicts, irrespective internal or international, is rarely considered as a prioritized concern. Due to the concept of state sovereignty, this is especially problematic when examining interaction of warfare and environmental protection in non-international hostilities. Not only it is challenging to find any exhaustive and explicit legal provisions regulating the matter, but this issue has also been forgotten by international legal scholars. Therefore, in this article the author reviews written and customary norms laid down in (...)
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  12. Bernard I. Logan (1989). Government Expenditures on Imported Inputs and the Goals of Food Self-Sufficiency and Food Security in the Southern African Development Co-Ordination Conference. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (3):191-207.score: 12.0
    Food security and food self-sufficiency are important regional goals for the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC). In the long run, success in these areas would reduce the incidence of drought-related mass starvation and the epidemic of malnutrition and undernutrition that exists among some tribal groups. For food production to improve, the governments must commit themselves to increasing the access of peasant farmers to critical agricultural inputs. If they do not take proper action in this area of development planning, (...)
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  13. Aim-Orn Niranraj (2008). The Concept of a Self-Sufficiency Economy in Thailand. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 29:99-108.score: 12.0
    Between 1987 and 1997, Thailand experienced a bubble economy. When the bubble economy exploded in 1997, the country suddenly experienced an economic crisis: it was in heavy debt and became financially controlled by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The problem was caused by the country’s desire to rapidly change itself from an agricultural country to an industrial one, without considering its own comparative advantage in that its climate and resources are more suitable for agriculture. Thailand also wanted to become a (...)
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  14. Sam-ang Seubsman, Matthew Kelly & Adrian Sleigh (2013). The Sufficiency Economy and Community Sustainability in Rural Northeastern Thailand. Asian Culture and History 5 (2):p57.score: 12.0
    Thailand is promoting a sufficiency economy (SE) emphasizing community solidarity, mixed farming and sustainable agriculture. We analyze to what extent the SE philosophy is part of the daily lives of communities in Isan, NE Thailand. We interviewed rural household representatives and community leaders on education, employment, community dynamics, aspirations, concerns and social-sufficiency. The majority observed that community values and interaction were essential and were satisfied with living standards and community. However, most want their children to proceed to university (...)
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  15. Karl Widerquist (2010). How the Sufficiency Minimum Becomes a Social Maximum. Utilitas 22 (4):474-480.score: 12.0
    This article argues that, under likely empirical conditions, sufficientarianism leads not to an easily achievable duty to maintain a social minimum but to the onerous duty of maintaining a social maximum at the sufficiency level. This happens because sufficientarians ask us to give no weight at all to small benefits for people above the sufficiency level if the alternative is to relieve the suffering of people below it. If we apply this judgment in a world where there are (...)
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  16. Campbell Brown (2005). Priority or Sufficiency …or Both? Economics and Philosophy 21 (2):199-220.score: 10.0
    Prioritarianism is the view that we ought to give priority to benefiting those who are worse off. Sufficientism, on the other hand, is the view that we ought to give priority to benefiting those who are not sufficiently well off. This paper concerns the relative merits of these two views; in particular, it examines an argument advanced by Roger Crisp to the effect that sufficientism is the superior of the two. My aim is to show that Crisp's argument is unsound. (...)
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  17. Helena Siipi & Susanne Uusitalo (2008). Consumer Autonomy and Sufficiency of Gmf Labeling. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (4):353-369.score: 10.0
    Individuals’ food choices are intimately connected to their self-images and world views. Some dietary choices adopted by consumers pose restrictions on their use of genetically modified food (GMF). It is quite generally agreed that some kind of labeling is necessary for respecting consumers’ autonomy of choice regarding GMF. In this paper, we ask whether the current practice of mandatory labeling of GMF products in the European Union is a sufficient administrative procedure for respecting consumers’ autonomy. Three issues concerning this question (...)
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  18. Ellen Winner (1998). Talent: Don't Confuse Necessity with Sufficiency, or Science with Policy. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):430-431.score: 10.0
    Howe et al. fail to provide evidence that practice is sufficient and ignore evidence of high ability before instruction. They unsuccessfully discount savants; provide weak evidence against heritability of music, criticize retrospective evidence selectively, using it when it supports their position; and ultimately both accept and deny talent. Finally, they conflate a scientific question with one of policy.
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  19. John W. Carroll (1992). The Unanimity Theory and Probabilistic Sufficiency. Philosophy of Science 59 (3):471-479.score: 10.0
    The unanimity theory is an account of property-level causation requiring that causes raise the probability of their effects in specified test situations. Richard Otte (1981) and others have presented counterexamples in which one property is probabilistically sufficient for at least one other property. Given the continuing discussion (e.g., Cartwright 1989; Cartwright and Dupre 1988; Eells 1988a,b), many apparently think that these problems are minor. By considering the impact of Otte's cases on recent versions of the theory, by raising several new (...)
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  20. Sonia Roca-Royes (2011). Essentialism Vis-à-Vis Possibilia, Modal Logic, and Necessitism. Philosophy Compass 6 (1):54-64.score: 9.0
    Pace Necessitism – roughly, the view that existence is not contingent – essential properties provide necessary conditions for the existence of objects. Sufficiency properties, by contrast, provide sufficient conditions, and individual essences provide necessary and sufficient conditions. This paper explains how these kinds of properties can be used to illuminate the ontological status of merely possible objects and to construct a respectable possibilist ontology. The paper also reviews two points of interaction between essentialism and modal logic. First, we will (...)
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  21. Robert D. Rupert (forthcoming). The Sufficiency of Objective Representation. In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), Current Controversies in Philosophy of Mind. Routledge.score: 9.0
  22. Robert Huseby (2010). Sufficiency: Restated and Defended. Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (2):178-197.score: 9.0
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  23. Robert A. Wilson (2001). Two Views of Realization. Philosophical Studies 104 (1):1-31.score: 9.0
    This paper examines the standard view of realization operative incontemporary philosophy of mind, and proposes an alternative, generalperspective on realization. The standard view can be expressed, insummary form, as the conjunction of two theses, the sufficiency thesis andthe constitutivity thesis. Physicalists of both reductionist and anti-reductionist persuasions share a conception of realization wherebyrealizations are determinative of the properties they realize and physically constitutive of the individuals with those properties. Centralto the alternative view that I explore here is the idea (...)
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  24. Robert Heinaman (1988). Eudaimonia and Self-Sufficiency in the Nicomachean Ethics. Phronesis 33 (1):31-53.score: 9.0
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  25. Matthew Rendall (2011). Non-Identity, Sufficiency and Exploitation. Journal of Political Philosophy 19 (2):229-247.score: 9.0
  26. Yitzhak Benbaji (2006). Sufficiency or Priority? European Journal of Philosophy 14 (3):327–348.score: 9.0
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  27. Michael McDermott (2002). Causation: Influence Versus Sufficiency. Journal of Philosophy 99 (2):84-101.score: 9.0
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  28. Efrat Ram-Tiktin (2012). The Right to Health Care as a Right to Basic Human Functional Capabilities. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 15 (3):337 - 351.score: 9.0
    A just social arrangement must guarantee a right to health care for all. This right should be understood as a positive right to basic human functional capabilities. The present article aims to delineate the right to health care as part of an account of distributive justice in health care in terms of the sufficiency of basic human functional capabilities. According to the proposed account, every individual currently living beneath the sufficiency threshold or in jeopardy of falling beneath the (...)
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  29. Eric Brown, Aristotle on the Choice of Lives: Two Concepts of Self-Sufficiency.score: 9.0
    In Nicomachean Ethics I 5, Aristotle discusses four sorts of lives, giving preferred attention to the lives devoted to gratification, politics, and philosophical contemplation, and dismissing the one devoted to making money. On his account, those who live these different sorts of lives pursue manifestly different goals, and their different goals shape different evaluations of all of their actions, reactions, relations, and possessions. Hence, Aristotle simultaneously engages the traditional inquiry into which sort of life is best and extracts from that (...)
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  30. David Miller (2011). On Nationality and Global Equality: A Reply to Holtug. Ethics and Global Politics 4 (3).score: 9.0
    I here defend some of the positions taken in National Responsibility and Global Justice against criticisms by Nils Holtug. I reinforce my suggestion that claims about national membership being ‘morally arbitrary’ are question begging and try to show how such membership can legitimately serve as a source of special obligations. I examine the claim that the problems involved in constructing a ‘currency’ of global justice also arise in the domestic context and suggest that appealing to ‘welfare’ as the relevant currency (...)
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  31. A. W. H. Adkins (1963). 'Friendship' and 'Self-Sufficiency' in Homer and Aristotle. Classical Quarterly 13 (01):30-.score: 9.0
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  32. Efrat Ram-Tiktin (2011). A Decent Minimum for Everyone as a Sufficiency of Basic Human Functional Capabilities. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):24 - 25.score: 9.0
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 7, Page 24-25, July 2011.
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  33. Paul Faulkner (2013). Two-Stage Reliabilism, Virtue Reliabilism, Dualism and the Problem of Sufficiency. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 2 (8):121-138.score: 9.0
    Social epistemology should be truth-centred, argues Goldman. Social epistemology should capture the ‘logic of everyday practices’ and describe socially ‘situated’ reasoning, says Fuller. Starting from Goldman’s vision of epistemology, this paper aims to argue for Fuller’s contention. Social epistemology cannot focus solely on the truth because the truth can be got in lucky ways. The same too could be said for reliability. Adding a second layer of epistemic evaluation helps only insofar as the reasons thus specified are appropriately connected to (...)
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  34. Tuomas K. Pernu (2013). The Principle of Causal Exclusion Does Not Make Sense. Philosophical Forum 44 (1):89-95.score: 9.0
    The principle of causal exclusion is based on two distinct causal notions: causal sufficiency and causation simpliciter. The principle suggests that the former has the power to exclude the latter. But that is problematic since it would amount to claiming that sufficient causes alone can take the roles of causes simpliciter. Moreover, the principle also assumes that events can sometimes have both sufficient causes and causes simpliciter. This assumption is in conflict with the first part of the principle that (...)
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  35. Michelle Kosch (2014). Agency and Self‐Sufficiency in Fichte's Ethics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (2).score: 9.0
  36. Steven E. Boër (1974). Cluster-Concepts and Sufficiency Definitions. Philosophical Studies 26 (2):119 - 125.score: 9.0
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  37. Violetta Igneski (2007). Equality, Sufficiency, and the State. Dialogue 46 (2):311-334.score: 9.0
    In this article, I support the liberal claim that the state’s fundamental responsibility is to ensure that persons are able to interact as equals, that is, on the basis of equal freedom. That persons must be treated as responsible agents leads to an obligation on the part of the state to ensure that its citizens have the necessary conditions (and resources) for responsible agency. I further suggest that this conception of equality and the requirement for responsible agency is the right (...)
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  38. Fred I. Dretske & Aaron Snyder (1973). Causality and Sufficiency: Reply to Beauchamp. Philosophy of Science 40 (2):288-291.score: 9.0
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  39. Philip A. Ebert & Simon Robertson (2010). Mountaineering and the Value of Self-Sufficiency. In Stephen E. Schmid (ed.), Climbing - Philosophy for Everyone: Because It's There. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 9.0
  40. Lloyd Humberstone & Herman Cappelen (2006). Sufficiency and Excess. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 106 (1):265-320.score: 9.0
    This paper assembles examples and considerations bearing on such questions as the following. Are statements to the effect that someone is too young (for instance) or that someone is old enough always to be understood in terms of someone's being too young or too old for such-and-such-for example, for them to join a particular organization? And when a 'such-and-such' has been specified, is it always at least tacitly modal in force-in the case just given, too young or old enough to (...)
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  41. J. J. Shafer Jr (1975). The Impermissibility of `Sufficiency Definitions'. Mind 84 (333):96-99.score: 9.0
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  42. Gerald Vision (1979). Causal Sufficiency. Mind 88 (349):105-110.score: 9.0
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  43. Raymond Martin (1972). The Sufficiency Thesis. Philosophical Studies 23 (3):205 - 211.score: 9.0
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  44. Rosalind Hursthouse (1993). Slote on Self-Sufficiency. Journal of Social Philosophy 24 (2):57-67.score: 9.0
  45. Sabina Lovibond (2000). The Sufficiency of Virtue Julia Annas: Platonic Ethics, Old and New (Cornell Studies in Classical Philology). Pp. VIII + 196. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1999. Cased, £35. Isbn: 0-8014-3518-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 50 (02):484-.score: 9.0
  46. Mark Sprevak (2011). Neural Sufficiency, Reductionism, and Cognitive Neuropsychiatry. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):339-344.score: 9.0
  47. C. Fabre (2002). Justice, Fairness, and World Ownership. Law and Philosophy 21 (3):249-273.score: 9.0
    It is a central tenet of most contemporary theories of justice that the badly-off have a right to some of the resources of the well-off. In this paper, I take as my starting point two principles of justice, to wit, the principle of sufficiency, whereby individuals have a right to the material resources they need in order to lead a decent life, and the principle of autonomy, whereby once everybody has such a life, individuals should be allowed to pursue (...)
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  48. Peter Gibbins (1979). Material Implication, the Sufficiency Condition, and Conditional Proof. Analysis 39 (1):21 - 24.score: 9.0
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  49. J. F. M. Hunter (1967). Wittgenstein's Theory of Linguistic Self-Sufficiency. Dialogue 6 (03):367-378.score: 9.0
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  50. Fitzhugh Mullan, Seble Frehywot & Laura J. Jolley (2008). Aging, Primary Care, and Self-Sufficiency: Health Care Workforce Challenges Ahead. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):703-708.score: 9.0
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